Albert Hofmann Biography

Albert Hofmann was a Swiss scientist who synthesised LSD. This biography gives detailed information about his childhood, life, works, and timeline.

Quick Facts

Birthday: January 11, 1906

Nationality: Swiss

Famous: Chemists Swiss Men

Sun Sign: Capricorn

Born in: Baden

Famous as: The First Person to Synthesize LSD

Spouse/Ex-: Anita Hofmann

father: Adolf Hofmann

mother: Elisabeth Schenk

children: Andreas, Beatrice, Dieter, Gaby

Died on: April 29, 2008

place of death: Berg

More Facts

education: University of Zurich

Continue Reading Below

Albert Hofmann was a Swiss scientist who was intrigued by nature. This led him to a career in chemistry in which he sought answers to his uncertainties. He worked at Sandoz Laboratories where he nurtured his research work, and there he made a lot of success working with various plants and converting them into something useful. He became famous when he became the first person to produce lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). In addition, he was also the first person to taste it and learn about its hallucinogenic effects. He was deeply connected to the nature and argued that LSD, besides being useful for psychiatry, could also be used to promote awareness of mankind’s place in nature. However, he was disappointed that his discovery was being carelessly used as a drug for entertainment. Because of his discovery, LSD fans have fondly called him ‘The Father of LSD.’ Besides carrying out his scientific experiments, he also authored numerous books and more than 100 scientific articles. In 2007, he featured in a list of the 100 greatest living geniuses, published by The Telegraph newspaper.

Recommended Lists:

Recommended Lists:

Continue Reading Below
Albert Hofmann
Childhood & Early Life
  • Albert Hofmann was born in Baden, Switzerland, on January 11, 1906. He was the eldest of four children. His father was a poor toolmaker in a factory and they lived in a rented apartment. He spent much of his childhood outdoors, and grew up with a very deep connection with nature.
  • He had mind-blowing experiences in childhood, wherein nature was changed in magical ways that he didn’t understand. These experiences provoked questions in his mind, and chemistry was the scientific field which allowed him to understand them.
  • He studied chemistry at Zurich University, his main interest being the chemistry of plants and animals. At 23, he earned his PhD with honors.
    Continue Reading Below
Recommended Lists:

Recommended Lists:

Top
Career
  • He took a job with Sandoz Laboratories; he was attracted by their program to produce pharmacological compounds from medicinally important plants.
  • He first synthesized LSD on November 16, 1938 with an aim to obtain a respiratory and circulatory stimulant. The research was set aside for five years.
  • He stumbled on LSD again when he was working on the ergot fungus on April 16 1943. He accidentally ate a trace of the compound and came to know about its powerful effects.
  • On April 19, 1943, he deliberately swallowed a dose of LSD and rode his bicycle home as the effects of the drug engulfed him. That day was remembered by LSD enthusiasts as “bicycle day.”
  • In 1958, Hofmann discovered ‘ethacetin’, which is an 'intoxicating tryptamine.’
  • He became director of the natural products department at Sandoz Laboratories. He continued studying hallucinogenic substances found in Mexican mushrooms and other plants. He produced ‘psilocybin’, the active agent of many ‘magic mushrooms.’
  • He also became interested in the seeds of the Mexican morning glory and found that the active compound ‘ergine’ (LSA, ‘lysergic acid amide’), has a distinct likeness to LSD.
    Continue Reading Below
  • Hofmann also produced other important drugs like ‘methergine’, for treating postpartum hemorrhaging, which was the leading cause of death from childbirth.
  • In 1962, he and his wife Anita Hofmann went to Mexico to search for the plant ‘Ska Maria Pastora’ to identify its active compound. However, he was not able to identify it at that time. It was later identified as the ‘diterpenoid salvinorin A’.
  • In 1963, he attended the annual convention of the ‘World Academy of Arts and Sciences’ (WAAS) in Stockholm.
  • He stayed with Sandoz Laboratories as head of the research department for natural medicines until he retired in 1971.
  • He delivered a speech at the 1996 Worlds of Consciousness Conference in Heidelberg, Germany.
  • In an interview before he turned 100, Hoffman called LSD “medicine for the soul.” He was disappointed that it was prohibited worldwide, knowing that it has been very successful in psychoanalysis. However, he acknowledged that it could be dangerous if misused, especially if given to a first-time user without supervision from a doctor.
    Continue Reading Below
Top
Major Works
  • He was the first person to produce, consume, and know the mind-altering effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).
Top
Awards & Achievements
  • Albert Hofmann received the title D.Sc. (honoris causa) in 1969 from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.
  • In 1971, the Swedish Pharmaceutical Association (Sveriges Farmacevtförbund) gave him the Scheele Award. It’s an award which commemorates the achievements of Carl Wilhelm Scheele, the Swedish Pomeranian chemist and pharmacist.
  • In a list of the 100 greatest living geniuses published by The Telegraph newspaper in 2007, he shared first place, together with Tim Berners-Lee.
Top
Personal Life & Legacy
  • Albert Hofmann was married to Anita and the couple had four children. His wife died in 2007 and one of his children also predeceased him.
  • He died on April 29, 2008, at the age of 102, due to a heart attack.
Top
Trivia
  • After his retirement he served as a member of the Nobel Prize Committee.
Top

See the events in life of Albert Hofmann in Chronological Order

Pictures of Albert Hofmann

How To Cite

Article Title
- Albert Hofmann Biography
Author
- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
Website
- TheFamousPeople.com
URL
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/albert-hofmann-4553.php
Last Updated
- November 03, 2017

People Also Viewed


Jens C Skou
(Danish)
John Polanyi
(Canadian)

Albert Hofmann