Women Chemists

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Throughout history, there have been many women chemists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female chemists such as Marie Curie, Rosalind Franklin, Irène Joliot-Curie, Dorothy Hodgkin, Stephanie Kwolek.The women chemists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
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 1 
Marie Curie
(The First Woman to Win a Nobel Prize)
Marie Curie
15
Birthdate: November 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: July 4, 1934
Amongst the most notable scientists of her time, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the sole person to win two Nobel Prize in two different category, and the first woman professor at the University of Paris—Marie Curie’s list of achievements is incredible. She did extensive research in the field of radioactivity and discovered polonium and radium.
 2 
Rosalind Franklin
9
Birthdate: July 25, 1920
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Notting Hill, London, England
Died: April 16, 1958
Chemist and X-ray crystallographer Rosalind Franklin is remembered for her pathbreaking X-ray diffraction studies of DNA, which helped in the Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the double helix structure of DNA by Francis Crick, James Watson, and Maurice Wilkins later. She also worked on the molecular structures of viruses. 
 3 
Dorothy Hodgkin
(Biochemist)
Dorothy Hodgkin
4
Birthdate: May 12, 1910
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: July 29, 1994

Dorothy Hodgkin received the 1964 Nobel Prize for mapping the structure of penicillin and Vitamin B12. She is also known for her work on insulin. Beginning her work on structure of an organic compound by using X-ray crystallography as an undergraduate student, she later developed it further and used it to determine the three-dimensional structure of complex organic molecules.

 4 
Stephanie Kwolek
4
Birthdate: July 31, 1923
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New Kensington, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 18, 2014

Stephanie Kwolek was an American chemist remembered for her invention of Kevlar. She worked at the DuPont Company for over four decades and was awarded the company's Lavoisier Medal for her discovery. In 1995, she was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame, becoming the fourth woman to be inducted. She also won other awards including the Perkin Medal.

 5 
Irène Joliot-Curie
(French Physicist, Politician and Winner of the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry)
Irène Joliot-Curie
6
Birthdate: September 12, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 17, 1956

Marie Curie and Pierre Curie’s daughter, Irène Joliot-Curie, herself a brilliant scientist, won the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with her husband, Joliot-Curie, for discovering artificial radioactivity. She was also one of the first three female French government members. She tragically died of leukemia caused by exposure to radiation.

 6 
Tu Youyou
(chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university teacher)
Tu Youyou
4
Birthdate: December 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ningbo

Chinese phytochemist and malariologist Tu Youyou is best remembered for her Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the anti-malarial drug qinghaosu, or artemisinin. She is the first Chinese female Nobel laureate. A tuberculosis infection in her younger days had inspired her to step into medicine. She later studied traditional Chinese medicine, too.

 7 
Helen Sharman
(Chemist)
Helen Sharman
4
Birthdate: May 30, 1963
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Sheffield,England

The first British person to fly into space, Helen Sharman also became the first female astronaut to visit the Mir space station. She was selected from over 13,000 applicants to be part of the Project Juno program. She was also as a chemist for the chocolate manufacturer Mars.

 8 
Retta
(Stand-up Comedian)
Retta
22
Birthdate: April 12, 1970
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
 9 
Gertrude B. Elion
(Biochemist, Pharmacologist)
Gertrude B. Elion
3
Birthdate: January 23, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 21, 1999

The daughter of Jewish immigrants in New York, Gertrude B. Elion excelled in chemistry at Hunter College, where she studied for free, but was initially unable to find a job due to gender bias. The renowned biochemist and pharmacologist later won a Nobel and became a pioneer in medical research.

 10 
Clara Immerwahr
(German Chemist)
Clara Immerwahr
3
Birthdate: June 21, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wojczyce, Poland
Died: May 2, 1915

Clara Immerwahr was a German chemist who became the first German woman to receive a doctorate in chemistry. Apart from being a chemist, Clara Immerwahr was also a pacifist and a women's rights activist. Her work, marriage with the popular chemist Fritz Haber, and her suicide at the age of 44 have inspired films, novels, and TV series.

 11 
Ada Yonath
(Scientist)
Ada Yonath
3
Birthdate: June 22, 1939
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Isreal

Ada Yonath is an Israeli crystallographer. She is best known for her work on the structure of the ribosome, for which she received the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry along with Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas A. Steitz. The first Israeli woman to win the Nobel Prize, she occupies the Martin S. and Helen Kimmel Professorial Chair at the Weizmann Institute.  

 12 
Mai Thi Nguyen-Kim
4
Birthdate: August 7, 1987
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Heppenheim, Germany

Mai Thi Nguyen-Kim is a German chemist, television presenter, science communicator, and YouTuber. A multi-talented personality, Nguyen-Kim has won many prestigious awards such as the Grimme Online Award, Georg von Holtzbrinck Prize for Science Journalism, Hanns Joachim Friedrichs Award, and Heinz Oberhummer Award for Science Communication.

 13 
Catherine Coleman
(Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer)
Catherine Coleman
4
Birthdate: December 14, 1960
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Charleston
 14 
Marguerite Perey
(Physicist)
Marguerite Perey
2
Birthdate: October 19, 1909
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Villemomble, France
Died: May 13, 1975
 15 
Alice Ball
(American Chemist Renowned for Developing the 'Ball Method')
Alice Ball
0
Birthdate: July 24, 1892
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Seattle, Washington, United States
Died: December 31, 1916

Alice Ball was an American chemist best remembered for developing the Ball Method, which became the most effective treatment for leprosy in the early 20th century. She was the first African American and first woman to work as a chemistry professor at the University of Hawaii. Alice Ball's contributions to science were recognized several years after her death.

 16 
Ellen Swallow Richards
(Chemist, University teacher, Economist)
Ellen Swallow Richards
3
Birthdate: December 3, 1842
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dunstable
Died: March 30, 1911
Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier
3
Birthdate: January 20, 1758
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montbrison, France
Died: February 10, 1836

At 13, Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier had married lawyer and chemist Antoine Lavoisier. Her mastery of English helped her assist her husband communicate with his collaborators. She also illustrated her husband’s books and eventually negotiated with Joseph Priestley, on his behalf, over the naming of oxygen, which Priestley had discovered.

 18 
Brigitte Boisselier
4
Birthdate: April 3, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Langres, France

Brigitte Boisselier leads Clonaid, a company focused on human cloning research. She is also a leader of the quasi-religious Raëlism movement, which believes humans were created by aliens. Although she once announced that Clonaid had successfully cloned a human child, the legal questions surrounding it later silenced her.

 19 
Margarita Salas
(Spanish Scientist Who is Known for Her Work in the Fields of Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry)
Margarita Salas
3
Birthdate: November 30, 1938
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Valdés, Spain
Died: November 7, 2019

Margarita Salas was a Spanish scientist, author, and medical researcher. She is best remembered for her work in the fields of molecular genetics and biochemistry. In 2016, Margarita Salas became the first woman to be honored with the Echegaray medal. She was also the first woman from scientific background to become a member of the Royal Spanish Academy.

 20 
Susan Solomon
(chemist)
Susan Solomon
2
Birthdate: January 19, 1956
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chicago
 21 
Maud Menten
(Canadian Physician and Chemist Best Known for Her Work on 'Enzyme Kinetics')
Maud Menten
3
Birthdate: March 20, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Port Lambton, Canada
Died: July 17, 1960

Maud Menten was a Canadian bio-medical and medical researcher. She made several important contributions to enzyme kinetics and histochemistry. She studied medicine at the University of Toronto, becoming among the first women in Canada to earn a medical doctorate. She collaborated with Leonor Michaelis to come up with the Michaelis-Menten equation model.

 22 
Dame Kathleen Lonsdale
(Crystallographer)
Dame Kathleen Lonsdale
2
Birthdate: January 28, 1903
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Newbridge, Ireland
Died: April 1, 1971
 23 
Ida Noddack
(Chemist)
Ida Noddack
2
Birthdate: February 25, 1896
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wesel, Germany
Died: September 24, 1978
 24 
Ruth R. Benerito
2
Birthdate: January 12, 1916
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Died: October 5, 2013
 25 
Hazel Bishop
(Chemist and businesswoman)
Hazel Bishop
1
Birthdate: August 17, 1906
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hoboken, New Jersey, United States
Died: December 5, 1998
 26 
Sossina M. Haile
1
Birthdate: July 28, 1966
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ethiopia
Aïssata Issoufou Mahamadou
1
Birthplace: Maine Soroa, Niger
 28 
Florence B. Seibert
(American Biochemist Known for Isolating a Pure Form of 'Tuberculin')
Florence B. Seibert
1
Birthdate: October 6, 1897
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Easton, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 23, 1991

Florence B. Seibert is remembered for developing the tuberculin test, which became the standard test for detecting TB. Defeating polio at age 3, she went on to win scholarships and made it to Yale. One of the greatest women biochemists of the U.S., she also contributed to intravenous drug therapy.

 29 
Katherine B. Hoffman
1
Birthdate: August 1, 1914
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Winter Haven, Florida, United States
Died: July 18, 2020
 30 
Anna J. Harrison
1
Birthdate: December 23, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Benton City, Missouri, United States
Died: August 8, 1998
 31 
Elmira Süleymanova
1
Birthdate: July 17, 1937
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan
 32 
Graças Foster
(Business executive)
Graças Foster
1
Birthdate: August 26, 1953
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Caratinga, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
 33 
Iolanda Cintura
(Chemist, Politician)
Iolanda Cintura
0
Birthdate: October 24, 1972
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chimoio, Mozambique
 34 
Edith Humphrey
0
Birthdate: September 11, 1875
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: February 25, 1978
 35 
Hind Al-Abadleh
(Environmental chemistry)
Hind Al-Abadleh
0
Birthplace: United Arab Emirates
Marie-Therese Assiga Ahanda
0
Birthdate: 1941 AD
Birthplace: Yaoundé, Cameroon
Died: February 1, 2014
 37 
Manar Fayyad
(Chemist)
Manar Fayyad
0
Birthdate: November 21, 1950
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Deir al-Ghusun, Palestine
 38 
Mishkan Al-Awar
0
Birthplace: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Died: July 26, 2020