Women Biologists

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Throughout history, there have been many women biologists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female biologists such as Rachel Carson, Lynn Margulis, Elizabeth Blackburn, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Marguerite Vogt.The women biologists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
Vote for Your Favourite Women Biologists
 1 
Rachel Carson
(Marine biologist)
Rachel Carson
4
Birthdate: May 27, 1907
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Springdale
Died: April 14, 1964

Rachel Carson was a conservationist, marine biologist, and author. She is credited with authoring an influential book titled Silent Spring, which played a significant role in advancing the global environmental movement. Carson is also remembered for her book, The Sea Around Us, which earned her a U.S. National Book Award. She was posthumously honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 2 
Lynn Margulis
6
Birthdate: March 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chicago
Died: November 22, 2011

Lynn Margulis was an evolutionary theorist, biologist, educator, and science author. She was a modern proponent of the significance of symbiosis in evolution. Along with British chemist James Lovelock, Margulis was the co-developer of the Gaia hypothesis. She was a strong critic of neo-Darwinism. In 2001, she was honored with the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement. 

 3 
Juliane Koepcke
(Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash)
Juliane Koepcke
8
Birthdate: October 10, 1954
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lima, Peru
Juliane Koepcke is a German Peruvian mammalogist. She is well-known for being the only survivor of the Líneas Aéreas Nacionales S.A. Flight 508 plane crash; she survived ten days in the Amazon rainforest after surviving a fall of 9843 feet while strapped to her airplane seat. Her story inspired films like Miracles Still Happen (1974) and Wings of Hope (1998).
 4 
Rosalind Franklin
8
Birthdate: July 25, 1920
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Notting Hill, London, England
Died: April 16, 1958
Chemist and X-ray crystallographer Rosalind Franklin is remembered for her pathbreaking X-ray diffraction studies of DNA, which helped in the Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the double helix structure of DNA by Francis Crick, James Watson, and Maurice Wilkins later. She also worked on the molecular structures of viruses. 
 5 
Nettie Stevens
(American Geneticist Known for Her Discovery of 'X and Y Sex Determining Chromosomes')
Nettie Stevens
8
Birthdate: July 7, 1861
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cavendish, Vermont, United States
Died: May 4, 1912

Nettie Stevens was an American geneticist. She is credited with discovering sex chromosomes which later came to be known as the X and Y chromosomes. In 1994, Nettie Stevens was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

 6 
Barbara McClintock
3
Birthdate: June 16, 1902
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Died: September 2, 1992

Barbara McClintock was a scientist and cytogeneticist who received the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. She earned her Ph.D. in botany from Cornell University and began her lifelong work in the development of maize cytogenetics. She eventually gained recognition as among the best in the field and was honored with several prestigious awards.  

 7 
Nell Newman
(Former Child Actress and Founder of ‘Newman’s Own Organics')
Nell Newman
8
Birthdate: April 8, 1959
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York, United States

Nell Newman is a biologist, environmentalist, and former child actress. An ardent supporter of sustainable agriculture, Newman is credited with founding a pet food and organic food production company called Newman's Own. For her environmental leadership, Newman was honored with the Rachel Carson Award in 2014. In 2017, she was made an inductee of the Specialty Food Hall of Fame.

 8 
Kathleen Rubins
(Astronaut, Biologist)
Kathleen Rubins
6
Birthdate: October 14, 1978
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Farmington

Kathleen Rubins is a microbiologist and NASA astronaut. In 2016, she became the 60th woman to fly in space when she launched on a Russian Soyuz spacecraft. She traveled to the International Space Station and returned to Earth after a few months. She has spent a total of 300 days, 1 hour, and 31 minutes in space. 

 9 
Dorothy Hodgkin
(Biochemist)
Dorothy Hodgkin
3
Birthdate: May 12, 1910
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: July 29, 1994

Dorothy Hodgkin received the 1964 Nobel Prize for mapping the structure of penicillin and Vitamin B12. She is also known for her work on insulin. Beginning her work on structure of an organic compound by using X-ray crystallography as an undergraduate student, she later developed it further and used it to determine the three-dimensional structure of complex organic molecules.

 10 
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
(German Developmental Biologist and Winner of 1995 Nobel Prize in Medicine)
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
6
Birthdate: October 20, 1942
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Magdeburg, Germany

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard is a German developmental biologist. She studied at the University of Tübingen where she earned a Ph.D. for her research on protein–DNA interactions. Together with biologist Eric Wieschaus and geneticist Edward B. Lewis, she received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1995. She is also a recipient of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize. 

 11 
Elizabeth Blackburn
(Biological Researcher and Winner of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Medicine)
Elizabeth Blackburn
7
Birthdate: November 26, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hobart, Australia

Nobel Prize-winning Australian-American biochemist and molecular biologist Elizabeth Blackburn is best known for co-discovering the enzyme telomerase. She was allegedly removed from the American President's Council on Bioethics over her support for stem cell research, which went against the government. She has honorary doctorate degrees from Harvard, Yale, and Princeton.

 12 
Anne McLaren
(Geneticist)
Anne McLaren
3
Birthdate: April 26, 1927
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 7, 2007

Geneticist Anne McLaren is remembered for her pioneering research in embryology that paved the way for further research in fertility treatments such as in-vitro fertilization. The Royal Society fellow had also appeared as a child actor in the film adaptation of the H.G. Wells novel Things to Come.

 13 
Linda B. Buck
(American biologist)
Linda B. Buck
2
Birthdate: January 29, 1947
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Seattle

Linda B. Buck is an American biologist who received the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her work on olfactory receptors; she shared the award with molecular biologist Richard Axel. An important and influential biologist, Linda has also won several other awards, such as the Takasago Award, Unilever Science Award, Lewis S. Rosenstiel Award, and R.H. Wright Award.

 14 
Carol W. Greider
(Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist, Physician)
Carol W. Greider
3
Birthdate: April 15, 1961
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Davis

Carol W. Greider is a molecular biologist who discovered the enzyme telomerase in 1984. Her discovery was honored several years later when she received the 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, along with Blackburn and Jack W. Szostak for their work on telomeres.  The trio also shared the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research for the same work.  

 15 
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
(French Virologist Best Known for Her Work that Identified the Human Immunodeficiency Virus as the cause of AIDS)
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
3
Birthdate: July 30, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi is a French virologist best known for her work that identified the human immunodeficiency virus as the cause of AIDS. Barré-Sinoussi's groundbreaking work earned her the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2008. An important virologist, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi has also received many other awards, including the Sovac Prize and the Körber European Science Prize.

 16 
Pythias
(Biologist)
Pythias
2
Birthplace: Greece

Pythias was a Greek embryologist and biologist best remembered for her work with her husband Aristotle. She worked with him on an encyclopedia and was responsible for collecting a range of specimens of living things. Pythias, who was also known as Pythias the Elder, had a daughter named Pythias the Younger with Aristotle.

 17 
Susan Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield
2
Birthdate: October 1, 1950
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hammersmith

Apart from being a successful scientist with a focus on neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, Susan Greenfield teaches pharmacology at the Lincoln College, Oxford. She is also part of the House of Lords and has penned a sci-fi novel. She supports causes such as Dignity in Dying, too.

 18 
Ana Aslan
(Romanian Biologist Known for Her Pioneering Contribution to 'Gerontology')
Ana Aslan
2
Birthdate: January 1, 1897
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Brăila, Romania
Died: May 20, 1988

Romanian biologist and physician Ana Aslan was a pioneering gerontologist and established the first institute of geriatrics in the world. She also invented a drug named Gerovital, an H3 vitamin, which was the world’s first anti-aging remedy. She later co-invented a similar product, Aslavital, and an anti-aging cosmetic line.

 19 
Lynika Strozier
(Biologist)
Lynika Strozier
2
Birthdate: August 28, 1984
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Birmingham, Alabama, United States
Died: June 7, 2020
 20 
Rebecca Lancefield
(American Microbiologist)
Rebecca Lancefield
1
Birthdate: January 5, 1895
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: March 3, 1981

Rebecca Lancefield was an American microbiologist best remembered for her association with the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. Over a period of 60 years, Lancefield published more than 50 publications. Rebecca Lancefield was the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the American Heart Association Achievement Award and the T. Duckett Jones Award. 

 21 
Jeanne Villepreux-Power
(Pioneering French Marine Biologist Who Invented the Systematic Application of the Aquarium in Order to Study Marine Life)
Jeanne Villepreux-Power
1
Birthdate: September 24, 1794
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Juillac, France
Died: January 25, 1871

Jeanne Villepreux-Power was a French marine biologist. She is credited with creating aquaria in 1832 in order to experiment with aquatic organisms. Nicknamed the Mother of Aquariophily, Villepreux-Power also invented the systematic application of the aquarium in order to study marine life. Jeanne Villepreux-Power was also a well-known author, conservationist, and dressmaker.

 22 
Ruth Sager
(American Geneticist Known for Discovering Transmission of Genetic Traits Through Chloroplast DNA)
Ruth Sager
0
Birthdate: February 7, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: March 29, 1997

Though renowned geneticist Ruth Sager was involved in pioneering research on cytoplasmic genetics, her contribution wasn’t validated till the 1970s, largely due to gender bias. She later focused on cancer genetics. While she was initially interested in liberal arts, she later decided to join medical school but eventually settled for research.

 23 
Mary Styles Harris
0
Birthdate: June 26, 1949
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nashville, Tennessee, United States

Before she became a renowned biologist and geneticist, Mary Styles Harris had already made history as the first African American student of Miami Jackson High School. Her research focuses on the detection and cure of ailments such as sickle-cell anemia. Her health-oriented radio and TV shows include Journey to Wellness.

 24 
Sharon Matola
(Founding director of the Belize Zoo and Tropical Education Center)
Sharon Matola
0
Birthdate: June 3, 1954
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: March 21, 2021
 25 
Isobel Bennett
(Biologist, Marine biologist)
Isobel Bennett
0
Birthdate: July 9, 1909
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brisbane, Australia
Died: January 12, 2008

Isobel Bennett was an Australian marine biologist best remembered for assisting William John Dakin with his famous book Australian Seashores. One of the most celebrated Australian marine biologists of all time, Bennett played an important role in popularizing the book after Dakin's demise in 1950. She also wrote several other influential books, such as Australia's Great Barrier Reef.

 26 
Marguerite Vogt
(Virologist and Cancer Biologist Known for Her Research on Polio and Cancer)
Marguerite Vogt
0
Birthdate: February 13, 1913
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 6, 2007

Marguerite Vogt was a German-born American virologist and cancer biologist. She is best remembered for her research on cancer and polio at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in the USA. Apart from making immense contributions as a scientist in various fields, Marguerite Vogt also served as a mentor to many junior scientists, including several future Nobel laureates.

 27 
Irene Uchida
(Canadian Scientist and Down Syndrome Researcher)
Irene Uchida
0
Birthdate: April 8, 1917
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Died: July 30, 2013

Irene Uchida was a Canadian scientist best remembered for her research on Down syndrome. She is also remembered for her association with the Children's Hospital in Winnipeg, where she served as the director of Medical Genetics Department. Irene Uchida also worked as a professor at prestigious institutions like the University of Manitoba and McMaster University.

 28 
Eugenia Del Pino
(Biologist)
Eugenia Del Pino
2
Birthdate: April 19, 1945
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Quito, Ecuador
 29 
Kathrin Barboza Marquez
0
Birthdate: 1983 AD
Birthplace: Cochabamba, Bolivia
Margaret Warner Morley
0
Birthdate: February 17, 1858
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montrose, Iowa, United States
Died: December 12, 1923
 31 
Helen Battle
(Canadian Ichthyologist and the First Canadian Woman to Earn a PhD in Marine Biology)
Helen Battle
0
Birthdate: August 31, 1903
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, Ontario, Canada
Died: June 17, 1994

Canadian ichthyologist Helen Battle was also the first Canadian woman to get a PhD in marine biology. She taught for over 50 years and was primarily associated with the University of Western Ontario. She also co-established the Canadian Society of Zoologists and was a champion for women’s participation in science.

 32 
Marta Tufet
(Biologist)
Marta Tufet
0
Birthplace: United Kingdom