Camillo Golgi Biography
(Physician, Pathologist, Biologist)
Birthday: July 7, 1843 (Cancer)
Born In: Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Italy
Camillo Golgi was an Italian physician, biologist and pathologist who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1906 along with the Spanish histologist Santiago Ramón y Cajal. Several anatomical and physiological phenomena are named after this man who is considered to be the greatest neuroscientist of the nineteenth century. Golgi—with the aid of basic facilities—developed the silver nitrate method of studying nerve tissues. This helped in the discovery of a nerve cell that has many dendrites or nerve extensions. This is now called ‘Golgi cell’, after the name of its discoverer, Camillo Golgi. This discovery supported the experiments of German anatomist Wilhelm von Waldeyer-Hartz and Ramón y Cajal who went on to establish the nerve cells as the rudimentary structural unit of the entire nervous system. This turned out to be a crucial point in the advancement of modern neuroscience. Later, his experiments led to the discovery of the ‘Golgi tendon spindle’ or ‘Golgi tendon organ’ and the ‘Golgi complex’ or ‘Golgi apparatus’. Camillo Golgi also studied the causes of malaria and found out that the tertian and quartan malarial fevers happen due to the presence of a protozoan parasite named ‘Plasmodium’. He was a famous teacher and the door of his laboratory was open for every young researchers.