Political Leaders

A political leader, or a politician, can be anyone who has taken up the responsibility of governing a tribe, city, state, region or even an entire nation. History has given us a plethora of political leaders, both good and bad, who have dedicated their lives to the betterment of their countries and the people living in the country. Political leaders are not just people who govern nations during peace times but also during times of crisis. They are people who are responsible for making and implementing strategies and policies meant to better serve the interests of the country they govern. These leaders are chosen through various processes, some examples of which would be through elections, in a democratic nation, and through lineage or birthright, in case of a monarchy, or even dictatorships wherein one individual declares himself the head of state. A look at the political leader’s hall of fame would reveal names like Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi, Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill and even Genghis Khan. What follows next are the biographies of some of the most famous politicians along with information on their life’s story, trivia about them, their timelines and some other interesting facts about their professional and personal lives.

 1 Barack Obama

Barack Obama
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Famous As: 44th U.S. President
Birthdate: August 4, 1961
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

Former President of the United States, Barack Obama, has the distinction of being the first African-American president of the nation. A civil rights attorney and an academic, he has been credited with bringing about a significant improvement in America’s reputation abroad. His efforts to strengthen international diplomacy was recognized with the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize.

 2 Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr
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Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthdate: January 15, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: April 4, 1968

A leader in the civil rights movement in the mid-twentieth century, Martin Luther King Jr. is best remembered for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience. A man of Christian faith who was inspired by Indian freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolent activism, he was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize for fighting racial inequality.  

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 3 John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy
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Famous As: 35th President of the United States
Birthdate: May 29, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: November 22, 1963

The 35th President of the United States, John F Kennedy was a charismatic leader who, during his tenure, ably dealt with Cuban missile crisis, proposed public service programmes and lent support to the growing civil rights movement. Before becoming one of the youngest Presidents of the country, he served in the navy, U.S. House of Representatives and the US Senate.

 4 Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower
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Famous As: 34th U.S. President
Birthdate: October 14, 1890
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: March 28, 1969

The 34th president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower held office from 1953 to 1961. An army officer During World War II, he was part of many successful operations. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, and his two terms as president saw widespread economic prosperity in USA. He is ranked high among American presidents.

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 5 Joe Biden

Joe Biden
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Famous As: President-elect of the United States
Birthdate: November 20, 1942
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

Joe Biden is the president-elect of the United States and will become the 46th president when he will assume the charge on 20 January 2021. Biden is the oldest person ever elected to the White House. One of the youngest senators in the US history and Delaware’s longest-serving senator, Joe Biden served as the 47th vice president of the United States from 2009 to 2017.

 6 Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
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Famous As: American President.
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 15, 1865

A self-educated lawyer, Abraham Lincoln rose from modest background to become one of the greatest presidents of America. The 16th president of the country, who is also known as Honest Abe and the Great Emancipator, played a crucial role in establishing a truly democratic government, abolished slavery, modernised economy and led the country during the American Civil War.

 7 Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Putin
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Famous As: President of Russia
Birthdate: October 7, 1952
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian

The current President of Russia, Vladimir Putin is a popular politician, with the highest approval rating of any leader in the world as of July 2020. As a high-level politician who has the support of his citizens, he is a powerful figure in world politics. He has been accused by human rights organizations of persecuting political critics and activists.

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 8 Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman
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Famous As: 33rd President of the United States
Birthdate: May 8, 1884
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: December 26, 1972

Harry Truman was the US president from 1945 to 1953 and his administration successfully guided the US economy through the post-war challenges. He established the Truman Doctrine to contain Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. He authorised the first and only use of nuclear weapons during a war when he sanctioned bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945.

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 9 Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson
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Famous As: 3rd U.S. President
Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: July 4, 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

 10 Robert F. Kennedy

Robert F. Kennedy
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Famous As: Brother of President John F. Kennedy
Birthdate: November 20, 1925
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: June 6, 1968

Robert F Kennedy, the brother of the 35th US president John F Kennedy, was a politician who served as US Attorney General and as US Senator. He was known as a civil rights and human rights activist and fought against organised crime and the Mafia. He opposed America’s involvement in the Vietnam War. He was assassinated by a 24-year-old Palestinian.

 11 John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams
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Birthdate: July 11, 1767
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: February 23, 1848

The sixth president of the United States of America John Quincy Adams played a key role in shaping America during its formative years. He helped develop the Monroe Doctrine, which eventually became a vital tenet of the U.S. foreign policy. He is also widely regarded as one of the greatest secretaries of state and diplomats in the American history.

 12 Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: November 30, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 24, 1965

The former Prime Minister of the United Kingdoms, Winston Churchill, is known for successfully leading his country during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany. An officer in the British army, he also served as a war correspondent before venturing into politics. One of the most influential peoples in British history, Churchill was also an accomplished painter.

 13 Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan
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Famous As: 40th U.S. President
Birthdate: February 6, 1911
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: June 5, 2004

An actor turned union leader turned politician, Ronald Wilson Reagan served as the 40th president of America. Hailed for his public speaking and communication skills, Reagan is one of the most popular Presidents of USA, mainly due to his ‘America First’ economic policies which led to a decrease in inflation and unemployment rates during his tenure.

 14 Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 30, 1882
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 12, 1945

 15 Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon
3
Famous As: 37th President of the United States
Birthdate: January 9, 1913
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: April 22, 1994

Richard Nixon is the only American president in the history so far to resign from the office. His name is synonymous with the infamous Watergate scandal which led to his resignation. But his regime saw several positives too, such as end to the U.S involvement in the Vietnam War, improvement in the relationship with Soviet Union and China, and the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency.

 16 Grover Cleveland

Grover Cleveland
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Famous As: President of the U.S.A
Birthdate: March 18, 1837
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: June 24, 1908

Grover Cleveland, a Democratic Party member, was the President of the United States from 1885 to 1889 and then again from 1893 to 1897. He is known for his campaign for political reform and fiscal conservatism. However, he was unable to deal with the economic depression in his second term as President, which led to massive decline in his popularity.

 17 Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson
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Famous As: 28th U.S. President
Birthdate: December 28, 1856
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: February 3, 1924

From presidential cabin of Princeton University to presidential office of the White House, Woodrow Wilson ushered a series of progressive reforms that changed the American politics forever. The 28th President of USA, Woodrow Wilson introduced several ground-breaking policies including the Federal Reserve Act. He played a key role in founding the first intergovernmental organisation—the League of Nations—for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

 18 Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson
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Famous As: 7th President of the United States
Birthdate: March 15, 1767
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: June 8, 1845

Andrew Jackson was the 7th President of USA. His presidential reign has been termed as Jacksonian democracy and witnessed the shift of political power from established elites to ordinary voters. Coming from humble beginnings, Jackson knew the struggle of the masses and thus, worked towards creating a more inclusive country.  His picture has been featured on the front side of $20 bill since 1928.

 19 Fidel Castro

Fidel Castro
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Cuba
Birthdate: August 13, 1926
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Cuban
Died: November 26, 2016

Serving as the Cuban prime minister from 1959 to 1976 and as president from 1976 to 2008, Fidel Castro was one of the most prominent Cuban leaders in the history. As the longest-reigning non-royal head of the 20th and 21st centuries, Castro was responsible for making Cuba a communist state.

 20 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 13, 1989
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 21 Lindsey Graham

Lindsey Graham
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 9, 1955
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

 22 Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover
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Famous As: 31st U.S. President
Birthdate: August 10, 1874
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: October 20, 1964

The 31st president of the United States, Herbert Hoover, was sworn into the office in 1929, the year the Great Depression struck the American economy. Earlier, Hoover was a successful mining engineer and had earned a reputation of a humanitarian who fed numerous Europeans during and after WWI. His policies during the depression, though, could not provide relief to people.

 23 Paul Ryan

Paul Ryan
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Famous As: Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Birthdate: January 29, 1970
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

The 54th speaker of the US House of Representatives, Paul Ryan is no longer active in politics as he retired in 2018. Before his retirement, Ryan played a key role in bringing into effect the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. He also influenced a budget proposal called The Path to Prosperity and an agenda called A Better Way.

 24 Justin Trudeau

Justin Trudeau
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Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: December 25, 1971
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Canadian

Justin Trudeau is one of the most popular and good-looking Canadian politicians of all time. His good looks have made women and men go weak in their knees. After becoming the second-youngest prime minister of Canada, Justin went on to become one of the most liked politicians around the world.

 25 Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant
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Famous As: 18th U.S. President
Birthdate: April 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: July 23, 1885

The 18th president of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant held office from 1869 to 1877. He led the Union Army as Commanding General of the United States Army during the American Civil War and was a war hero. As president, he stabilized the post-war national economy and created the Department of Justice. Historians generally recognize his presidential accomplishments.

 26 William Henry Harrison

William Henry Harrison
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Birthdate: February 9, 1773
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 4, 1841

The ninth president of the US, William Henry Harrison died 31 days into his presidential term, becoming the shortest-serving US president ever. His demise caused a brief constitutional crisis pertaining to the succession to the presidency. Subsequently, Vice President John Tyler became the new president, setting an important precedent in terms of transfer of the presidency in such situations.

 27 Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr
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Famous As: 3rd Vice President of United States
Birthdate: February 6, 1756
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: September 14, 1836

A soldier, lawyer and one of the founding Fathers of America, Aaron Burr rose to become the third Vice president of the United States. His turbulent political career, which included bitter rivalry with Alexander Hamilton, concluded when he mortally wounded Hamilton in a duel and was later charged with treason.

 28 Warren G. Harding

Warren G. Harding
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Famous As: President of the U.S
Birthdate: November 2, 1865
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: August 2, 1923

The 29th President of the United States, Warren G. Harding assumed office in 1921 shortly after the end of WWI and became very popular. He died in 1923 while still in office. Later, various scandals that occured during his presidency were uncovered and his image suffered a serious setback. His presidency is today ranked amongst the worst in the American history.

 29 Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Lenin
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Famous As: Former Premier of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: April 22, 1870
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 21, 1924

Vladimir Lenin played a key role in the history of Russian politics by developing a political ideology called Leninism. During and after his lifetime, Lenin had a massive influence over international communist movement. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential and significant personalities of the 20th century.

 30 Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong
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Famous As: Communist Leader of China
Birthdate: December 26, 1893
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Chinese
Died: September 9, 1976

One of the most significant and controversial leaders of the 20th century, Mao Zedong was a communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China which he governed as the chairman of Chinese Communist Party. He is appreciated for numerous development work but is criticised for his authoritarian regime and policies which resulted in millions of deaths .

 31 Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev
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Famous As: Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: March 2, 1931
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian

Born into a poor peasant family, Mikhail Gorbachev went on to become one of the most influential figures of the Soviet Union. He served in various positions, most notably as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He is regarded as one of the most prominent personalities of the 20th century.

 32 James VI and I

James VI and I
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Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: June 19, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Scottish
Died: March 27, 1625

 33 William McKinley

William McKinley
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Famous As: President of the U.S.A
Birthdate: January 29, 1843
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: September 14, 1901

The 25th President of the United States, William McKinley led America to victory in the Spanish-American War. During his presidency, he played a major role in promoting American industry by raising protective tariffs, which in turn boosted the country's economic growth. He also played a key role in the American Civil War.

 34 Eleanor Roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt
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Famous As: Former First Lady of the United States
Birthdate: October 11, 1884
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: November 7, 1962

Feminist and civil rights icon Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was the longest-serving U.S First Lady. She was a prominent human rights activist, wrote columns, and hosted a radio show. She was named to Gallup's List of Most Widely Admired People of the 20th Century in 1999.

 35 Calvin Coolidge

Calvin Coolidge
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Famous As: President of the U.S.A
Birthdate: July 4, 1872
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: January 5, 1933

The 30th president of the United States, Calvin Coolidge started his career as a lawyer before becoming an influential American politician. A man of few words with a dry sense of humor, Calvin Coolidge represented the middle class, which worked in his favor. Despite being a reclusive politician, Coolidge gave 520 press conferences, making himself available to reporters quite often.

 36 William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft
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Famous As: President of the U.S.A
Birthdate: September 15, 1857
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: March 8, 1930

The 27th president of the United States, William Howard Taft also served as the tenth Chief Justice of the US; he is the only person in the history of the US to have held both the offices. He had a great impact as chief justice and has been regarded as the greatest US chief justices of all time.

 37 Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869
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Famous As: 17th U.S. President
Birthdate: December 29, 1808
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: July 31, 1875

The 17th president of the United States, Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency while serving as the vice president when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Born in poverty, Andrew Johnson did not attend school. However, he worked his way up to become a prominent politician—an inspiring story indeed!

 38 James A. Garfield

James A. Garfield
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Famous As: President of the U.S.A
Birthdate: November 19, 1831
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: September 19, 1881

The 20th president of the United States, James A. Garfield began his career as an attorney. Born into poverty, he struggled throughout his childhood and youth to become a respected lawyer. He eventually entered politics and rose through the ranks to be elected the president. Unfortunately, he was assassinated less than seven months after he took office.

 39 Benjamin Harrison

Benjamin Harrison
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Famous As: 23rd President of the United States
Birthdate: August 20, 1833
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: March 13, 1901

Benjamin Harrison was the 23rd U.S. President and is remembered for his efforts to pass the McKinley Tariff and the Sherman Antitrust Act. A qualified lawyer, he was the great-grandson of Benjamin Harrison V. Known for strengthening the Navy, he also attempted to secure the voting rights of African–Americans.

 40 James Buchanan

James Buchanan
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Famous As: 15th U.S. President
Birthdate: April 23, 1791
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: June 1, 1868

James Buchanan was a prominent American lawyer who served as the 15th president of the United States. He is often criticized for failing to address the issue of slavery and is consistently ranked among America's worst presidents. His life and work inspired the 2019 film Raising Buchanan in which he was played by René Auberjonois.

 41 James Madison

James Madison
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Famous As: 4th President of the United States
Birthdate: March 16, 1751
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: June 28, 1836

James Madison played an important role in drafting the US Constitution and the US Bill of Rights and is hailed as the Father of the Constitution. He also co-wrote The Federalist Papers, considered to be a seminal work of political science. As president, he led the country into the 1812 war and historians place him as an above-average president.

 42 John Tyler

John Tyler
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Famous As: 10th U.S. President
Birthdate: March 29, 1790
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: January 18, 1862

The tenth president of the United States, John Tyler was dubbed His Accidency as he became the president after the sudden death of President William Henry Harrison when the former was serving as the vice president. Tyler's acceptance of full presidential powers set a prominent precedent and served as a model for succession to the future presidents.

 43 Nikita Khrushchev

Nikita Khrushchev
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Famous As: Former Premier of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: April 15, 1894
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Russian
Died: September 11, 1971

Nikita Khrushchev was the Soviet Premier from 1958 to 1964 and the first Communist Party secretary of the Soviets. He initially supported Stalin’s “purges” but denounced them in the Secret Speech to the 20th Party Congress. His reign saw the Suez Crisis, the Sputnik launch, and the 1960 U-2 incident.

 44 Zachary Taylor

Zachary Taylor
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Famous As: Military Leader and the 12th President of United States
Birthdate: November 24, 1784
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: July 9, 1850
Zachary Taylor was the 12th U.S. president, from March 1849 till his death in July 1850, thus spending just 16 months in office. His heroism in the Mexican–American War had earned him the title of major general. A novice in political affairs, he was the last president who owned slaves.

 45 Martin Van Buren

Martin Van Buren
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Birthdate: December 5, 1782
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: July 24, 1862

Martin Van Buren was an American statesman credited with co-founding the Democratic Party, one of the world's oldest and contemporary political parties. He served as the eighth president of the US and later became a prominent anti-slavery abolitionist leader. He also played a key role in forming the two-party system in the US.

 46 John Lewis

John Lewis
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Famous As: Former United States Representative
Birthdate: February 21, 1940
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: July 17, 2020

Popularly known as one of the Big Six—leaders of six important civil rights organizations who masterminded the Great March on Washington in 1963—John Lewis played an important role in the civil rights movement that eventually ended racial segregation in the US. Also a statesman, Lewis was honored with many awards, such as the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 47 Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 7, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Died: August 21, 1940

A Russian politician, political theorist, and revolutionary, Leon Trotsky developed a political ideology called Trotskyism, which eventually had a considerable impact on Russian politics. He also played a vital role in leading the Red Army to victory in the Russian Civil War.

 48 James K. Polk

James K. Polk
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Birthdate: November 2, 1795
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: June 15, 1849

The 11th president of the United States, James K. Polk was an advocate of Jacksonian democracy. He is credited with extending the territory of the US during the Mexican–American War. During his presidency, the US annexed the Mexican Cession, the Oregon Territory, and the Republic of Texas.

 49 Donald Trump

Donald Trump
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Famous As: 45th U.S. President
Birthdate: June 14, 1946
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

The current President of the United States, Donald Trump is arguably the most controversial president in the American history. He has been characterised as racist and his actions and policies have divided America like never before. He lost his bid for re-election to Joe Biden in a bitterly fought election .

 50 Kamala Harris

Kamala Harris
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Famous As: Vice Preseident-Elect of the United States
Birthdate: October 20, 1964
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

A Democrat politician and lawyer, Kamala Harris is the vice president-elect of the United States. She will assume the office on 20 January 2021, alongside President-elect Joe Biden.  Half-Indian, half-Jamaican, Harris is the first woman, the first Black person and the first Asian-American to be elected vice president.  

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