Political Leaders

A political leader, or a politician, can be anyone who has taken up the responsibility of governing a tribe, city, state, region or even an entire nation. History has given us a plethora of political leaders, both good and bad, who have dedicated their lives to the betterment of their countries and the people living in the country. Political leaders are not just people who govern nations during peace times but also during times of crisis. They are people who are responsible for making and implementing strategies and policies meant to better serve the interests of the country they govern. These leaders are chosen through various processes, some examples of which would be through elections, in a democratic nation, and through lineage or birthright, in case of a monarchy, or even dictatorships wherein one individual declares himself the head of state. A look at the political leader’s hall of fame would reveal names like Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi, Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill and even Genghis Khan. What follows next are the biographies of some of the most famous politicians along with information on their life’s story, trivia about them, their timelines and some other interesting facts about their professional and personal lives.

1Donald Trump

Donald Trump
0
Famous As: 45th U.S. President
Birthday: 14 June 1946
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

The current President of the United States, Donald Trump is arguably the most controversial president in the American history. He has been characterised as racist and his actions and policies have divided America like never before. Trump is the oldest first-term American president and is seeking a second term.

2Kamala Harris

Kamala Harris
0
Famous As: US Senator
Birthday: 20 October 1964
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
A Democrat politician and lawyer, Kamala Harris is Joe Biden's running mate in the 2020 US Presidential election. Half-Indian, half-Jamaican, Harris is the first South Asian-American to be chosen as the running mate of a major political party's presidential candidate.
Recommended Lists:

3Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton
0
Famous As: Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Birthday: 11 January 1755
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Saint Kitts And Nevis, American
Died: 12 July 1804

Known as America’s one of the most influential Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and served as the first secretary of the treasury. He also fought in the American Revolutionary War and was considered as a leading votary of the strong central government.

4Joe Biden

Joe Biden
0
Famous As: Vice President of the U.S.A
Birthday: 20 November 1942
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

One of the youngest senators in the US history and Delaware’s longest-serving senator, Joe Biden became the 47th vice president of the United States in 2009 and continued till 2017. He is the Democratic nominee for 2020 presidential election, and if successful, will become the oldest President of the country.

Recommended Lists:

5Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr
0
Famous As: 3rd Vice President of United States
Birthday: 06 February 1756
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: 14 September 1836

A soldier, lawyer and one of the founding Fathers of America, Aaron Burr rose to become the third Vice president of the United States. His turbulent political career, which included bitter rivalry with Alexander Hamilton, concluded when he mortally wounded Hamilton in a duel and was later charged with treason.

6Barack Obama

Barack Obama
0
Famous As: 44th U.S. President
Birthday: 04 August 1961
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

Former President of the United States, Barack Obama, has the distinction of being the first African-American president of the nation. A civil rights attorney and an academic, he has been credited with bringing about a significant improvement in America’s reputation abroad. His efforts to strengthen international diplomacy was recognized with the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize.

7Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthday: 13 October 1989
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
You May Like

8Beau Biden

Beau Biden
0
Famous As: Son of Joe Biden
Birthday: 03 February 1969
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: 30 May 2015

A politician and attorney, Beau Biden was the eldest child of politician Joe Biden. As a little boy, he was severely injured in a car accident in which his mother and sister perished. He overcame several challenges to become a successful attorney. However, fate was cruel to him and he died of brain cancer at the age of 46.

Recommended Lists:

9George Washington

George Washington
0
Famous As: First U.S. President
Birthday: 22 February 1732
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: 14 December 1799

America’s first president, George Washington led the country with integrity, firmness and prudence that made him one of the greatest presidents in American history. He became a national hero before assuming presidency, when he led the Continental Army to victory against the British during the American Revolution.

10Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson
0
Famous As: 3rd U.S. President
Birthday: 13 April 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: 04 July 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

11Herman Cain

Herman Cain
0
Famous As: Businessperson
Birthday: 13 December 1945
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: 30 July 2020

12Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler
0
Famous As: Nazi Leader, German Dictator and Chancellor of Germany
Birthday: 20 April 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian, German
Died: 30 April 1945

One of the most powerful leaders of the 20th century, Adolf Hitler was a German dicator whose policies started the WWII that resulted in the death of millions of people. He had a visceral hatred for Jews and during his regime nearly six million Jews were killed in Holocaust.

13Nancy Pelosi

Nancy Pelosi
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthday: 26 March 1940
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

A congresswoman from California and the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi is a member of the Democratic Party. She is the highest-ranking female elected official in United States history and the only woman in US history to serve as the speaker. She played a key role in the passage of the 2010 Tax Relief Act.

14John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy
0
Famous As: 35th President of the United States
Birthday: 29 May 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: 22 November 1963

The 35th President of the United States, John F Kennedy was a charismatic leader who, during his tenure, ably dealt with Cuban missile crisis, proposed public service programmes and lent support to the growing civil rights movement. Before becoming one of the youngest Presidents of the country, he served in the navy, U.S. House of Representatives and the US Senate.

15Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan
0
Famous As: 40th U.S. President
Birthday: 06 February 1911
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: 05 June 2004

An actor turned union leader turned politician, Ronald Wilson Reagan served as the 40th president of America. Hailed for his public speaking and communication skills, Reagan is one of the most popular Presidents of USA, mainly due to his ‘America First’ economic policies which led to a decrease in inflation and unemployment rates during his tenure.

16Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
0
Famous As: American President.
Birthday: 12 February 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: 15 April 1865

A self-educated lawyer, Abraham Lincoln rose from modest background to become one of the greatest presidents of America. The 16th president of the country, who is also known as Honest Abe and the Great Emancipator, played a crucial role in establishing a truly democratic government, abolished slavery, modernised economy and led the country during the American Civil War.

17Arnold Schwarzenegger

Arnold Schwarzenegger
0
Famous As: Former Governor of California
Birthday: 30 July 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian, American

Former professional bodybuilder, actor, and politician, Arnold Schwarzenegger, needs no introduction! One of the most popular figures in the entertainment industry in the 20th century, he is a much-admired Hollywood star. Rising to international fame despite hailing from a humble background, he is an epitome the quintessential American dream that many youngsters hold close to their hearts.

18Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Putin
0
Famous As: President of Russia
Birthday: 07 October 1952
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian

The current President of Russia, Vladimir Putin is a popular politician, with the highest approval rating of any leader in the world as of July 2020. As a high-level politician who has the support of his citizens, he is a powerful figure in world politics. He has been accused by human rights organizations of persecuting political critics and activists.

19Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthday: 30 January 1882
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: 12 April 1945

20Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi
0
Famous As: Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Birthday: 02 October 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian
Died: 30 January 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

21Tammy Duckworth

Tammy Duckworth
0
Famous As: U.S. Representative
Birthday: 12 March 1968
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Thai, American

A war veteran who lost both her legs during the Iraq War, Tammy Duckworth is a symbol of courage and resilience. Her never-say-die spirit enabled her to become the first woman with a disability and the first Thai-American woman to earn a seat in Congress. She is the first member of Senate to give birth while in office.

22Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill
0
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthday: 30 November 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: 24 January 1965

The former Prime Minister of the United Kingdoms, Winston Churchill, is known for successfully leading his country during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany. An officer in the British army, he also served as a war correspondent before venturing into politics. One of the most influential peoples in British history, Churchill was also an accomplished painter.

23Pranab Mukherjee

Pranab Mukherjee
0
Famous As: 13th President of India
Birthday: 11 December 1935
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: 31 August 2020

An Indian politician who served as the 13th President of India, Pranab Mukherjee was a veteran with a political career spanning over five decades. He occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India, such as Defence, Finance and External Affairs. He was honored with Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 2019.

24Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt
0
Famous As: 26th U.S. President
Birthday: 27 October 1858
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: 06 January 1919

The 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt is generally ranked as one of the five best presidents of the country. A man of many talents, he was a politician, conservationist, naturalist, and writer. He supported  Progressive Era policies in the early 20th century and championed his "Square Deal" domestic policies.

25Narendra Modi

Narendra Modi
0
Famous As: Prime Minister of India
Birthday: 17 September 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Indian

The 14th PM of India, Narendra Modi, created history when he became the first prime minister outside of the Congress party to win two consecutive terms with a full majority; he achieved this feat in 2019. From Bharatiya Janata Party worker to India’s PM, Modi’s journey is remarkable. However, he’s been plagued by controversies too, including the handling of 2002 Gujarat riots.

26Jimmy Carter

Jimmy Carter
0
Famous As: 39th U.S. President
Birthday: 01 October 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of USA, is one of the rare Presidents whose legacy continues even after leaving office. He is known as a champion of human rights and a mediator of peace efforts across the world. His humanitarian works earned him the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.

27George W. Bush

George W. Bush
0
Famous As: 43rd U.S. President
Birthday: 06 July 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

The 43rd president of the United States, George W. Bush served two consecutive term in the top office beginning 2001 and led his country post the 9/11 terrorist attacks. He later ordered the invasion of Iraq. Before this, he was twice elected as the governor of Texas and had even helped his father, George H. W. Bush—the 41st president, in his presidential campaigns.

28Robert Maxwell

Robert Maxwell
0
Famous As: Politician, Entrepreneur, Writer, Publisher, Screenwriter, Media proprietor
Birthday: 10 June 1923
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: 05 November 1991

29John Adams

John Adams
0
Famous As: 2nd U.S. President
Birthday: 30 October 1735
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: 04 July 1826

One of the Founding Fathers of America, John Adams was a statesman, attorney, and diplomat who served as the second president of the United States. He was a principal leader of the American Revolution. As a lawyer, he was devoted to the right to counsel and presumption of innocence. His administration has been favorably ranked by historians and scholars.

30Gavin Newsom

Gavin Newsom
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthday: 10 October 1967
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

31Mike Pence

Mike Pence
0
Famous As: Vice President of the United States
Birthday: 07 June 1959
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

The 48th vice president of the USA, Mike Pence was sworn into the office in 2017 and is also Donald Trump’s running mate in the 2020 election. Beginning his career as a lawyer and radio talk show host, the conservative politician later became a member of the US House of Representatives and was eventually elected the 50th governor of Indiana.

32Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon
0
Famous As: 37th President of the United States
Birthday: 09 January 1913
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: 22 April 1994

Richard Nixon is the only American president in the history so far to resign from the office. His name is synonymous with the infamous Watergate scandal which led to his resignation. But his regime saw several positives too, such as end to the U.S involvement in the Vietnam War, improvement in the relationship with Soviet Union and China, and the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency.

33George H. W. Bush

George H. W. Bush
0
Famous As: 41st U.S. President
Birthday: 12 June 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: 01 December 2018

The 41st president of the U.S, George H.W. Bush also twice served as the vice president of the country and held various other important political positions before assuming the presidency. During his presidency, he led successful military operation against Panama and Iraq which made him popular, but domestic issues prevented him from winning a second term at the office.

34Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr
0
Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthday: 15 January 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: 04 April 1968

A leader in the civil rights movement in the mid-twentieth century, Martin Luther King Jr. is best remembered for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience. A man of Christian faith who was inspired by Indian freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolent activism, he was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize for fighting racial inequality.  

35Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela
0
Famous As: Anti-Apartheid Activist, President of ANC and Former President of South Africa
Birthday: 18 July 1918
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: South African
Died: 05 December 2013
Revered as the Father of the Nation by the South Africans, Nelson Mandela was a statesman who rose to become the country’s first black head of state. He reconciled a nation divided along racial lines and dismantled the legacy of apartheid.

36Nikki Haley

Nikki Haley
0
Famous As: Governor of South Carolina
Birthday: 20 January 1972
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

Born to Indian immigrant parents, Nikki Haley went on to become the first Indian-American to hold an office in South Carolina and later became its governor—the first woman and second Indian American to be appointed governor in the US. A published author, she has also served as the US ambassador to the United Nations.

37Bill de Blasio

Bill de Blasio
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthday: 08 May 1961
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American

38Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin
0
Famous As: Communist Revolutionary & Ruler of former USSR
Birthday: 18 December 1878
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Georgian, Russian
Died: 05 March 1953

Controversial Russian dictator, Joseph Stalin, ruled the Soviet Union for around 25 years from 1929 to 1953 and is credited for making it a prominent industrial and military power of the world. During the Second World War, his army defeated the Nazis too. However, his regime was also one of terror and brutality where numerous Soviet citizens lost their lives.

39Mitch McConnell

Mitch McConnell
0
Famous As: United States Senator
Birthday: 20 February 1942
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American

Mitch McConnell is a senator from Kentucky. He holds the record for being the longest-serving US senator for Kentucky. He is also the longest-serving leader of Senate Republicans in history. He led opposition to stricter campaign finance laws and was known as an obstructionist during President Barack Obama’s time. He endorses US President Donald Trump, but sometimes also criticises him.

40Boris Johnson

Boris Johnson
0
Famous As: British Prime Minister
Birthday: 19 June 1964
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British, American

The current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson has been active in politics for over two decades. Prior to joining politics, he worked as a journalist. His supporters hail him for unconventional image and sense of humor while his detractors criticize him for being “ruthless, elitist, and biased".

41Karen Bass

Karen Bass
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthday: 03 October 1953
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

42Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon B. Johnson
0
Famous As: 36th President of the U.S.A
Birthday: 27 August 1908
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: 22 January 1973

The era of Lyndon B Johnson, the 36th president of the United States, saw the passage of many important laws pertaining to civil rights, gun control and social security.  Also, his ‘war on poverty’ helped millions to rise above the poverty line. However, he was criticised for the escalation of the Vietnam War.

43Kristi Noem

Kristi Noem
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthday: 30 November 1971
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American

44John McCain

John McCain
0
Famous As: United States Senator
Birthday: 29 August 1936
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: 25 August 2018

John McCain served as a US Senator for Arizona from 1987 until his death in 2018. Previously he was a US naval officer and is hailed as a war hero for his heroics during the Vietnam War. He was a supporter of LGBT rights, gun regulations and campaign finance reform. He was a Republican nominee for the 2008 presidential election but lost to Barack Obama.

45Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower
0
Famous As: 34th U.S. President
Birthday: 14 October 1890
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: 28 March 1969

The 34th president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower held office from 1953 to 1961. An army officer During World War II, he was part of many successful operations. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, and his two terms as president saw widespread economic prosperity in USA. He is ranked high among American presidents.

46Ertuğrul

Ertuğrul
0
Famous As:
Birthday: 0000 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 1281 AD

47Gerald Ford

Gerald Ford
0
Famous As: President of the USA
Birthday: 14 July 1913
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: 26 December 2006

Gerald Ford Jr served as the 38th president of US from August 1974 to January 1977. His 895 day-long stint as the American president is the shortest in US history for any president who did not die in office. In a controversial act, he granted a presidential pardon to his predecessor Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal.

48Hillary Clinton

Hillary Clinton
0
Famous As: Former First Lady, Political Leader
Birthday: 26 October 1947
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

Married to former US president, Bill Clinton, Hilary Clinton served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Thereafter, she became the first First Lady to hold US senator office. The former Secretary of State in the administration of Barrack Obama also fought and lost, as a Democratic nominee, the 2016 presidential election against Donald Trump.

49James Madison

James Madison
0
Famous As: 4th President of the United States
Birthday: 16 March 1751
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: 28 June 1836

James Madison played an important role in drafting the US Constitution and the US Bill of Rights and is hailed as the Father of the Constitution. He also co-wrote The Federalist Papers, considered to be a seminal work of political science. As president, he led the country into the 1812 war and historians place him as an above-average president.

50Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher
0
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthday: 13 October 1925
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: 08 April 2013

United Kingdom’s first female Prime Minister and also the longest serving Prime Minister in the 20th century, Margaret Thatcher served three consecutive terms in the office from 1979 till 1990. Her political views and leadership approach, known as Thatcherism, got her the nickname of Iron Lady. Though controversial, she prominently ranks high in the list of the best British Prime Ministers.

See Also