J.B.S. Haldane Biography
(British Scientist Who Developed the Mathematical Theory of Population Genetics and One of the Founders of ‘Neo-Darwinism’)
Birthday: November 5, 1892 (Scorpio)
Born In: Oxford, England
J.B.S. Haldane was a British-born Indian scientist and geneticist who made remarkable contribution in the field of population genetics and evolution. Born to renowned physiologist John Scott Haldane, he began assisting his father at the age of eight. His college education was interrupted because of World War I, during which he served in the British army. After the war he became a fellow of New College and later taught at the Universities of Cambridge, California and London. He followed the Marxist philosophy and joined the British Communist Party. Later in his career, he shifted to India and led the government Genetics and Biometry Laboratory in Orissa. Apart from his extensive research in biology and genetics, he made important contributions to enzyme kinetics in biochemistry. He also developed a treatment for tetanus. He would often subject himself to self-experimentations in order to acquire new data. His amazing intelligence and sharp memory allowed him to concentrate on two completely different subjects at the same time. Apart from technical publications, he wrote numerous articles for newspapers and popular magazines globally. Some of his major works include ‘Daedalus’ (1924), ‘The Causes of Evolution’ (1932), ‘The Marxist Philosophy and the Sciences’ (1938), and ‘The Biochemistry of Genetics’ (1954).