The 19th century was a period marked by major political upheavals in several parts of the world. The era also witnessed increased industrialization and fast development of science and technology. The century is however best remembered as the era which witnessed the birth of some of the greatest—and most notorious—political figures to have ever emerged in human history. On one hand, the much revered pacifist Mahatma Gandhi was born in India during this century, while continents away, the would-be dictator and Nazi leader Adolf Hitler took birth in Europe. The 19th century also saw rampant war, widespread violence, and systematic abuse of certain sections of the society. This in turn gave birth to social rights activists, civil rights activists, and feminists like Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Margaret Fuller who fought for the betterment of the society. Great scientists like Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Thomas Edison, and Louis Pasteur were also born in this century as were the famous writers Charles Dickens, Walt Whitman, Oscar Wilde, and Emily Bronte. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 19th century.
Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869, Indian
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln
12 February 1809, American
American President.

Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879, German, American
Physicist

Queen Victoria Queen Victoria
24 May 1819, British
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt
27 October 1858, American
26th U.S. President
Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla
10 July 1856, Austrian, American
Inventor, Father of Radio

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
13 April 1743, American
3rd U.S. President

Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin
18 December 1878, Georgian, Russian
Communist Revolutionary & Ruler of former USSR
George VGeorge V
03 June 1865, British
Former King of the United Kingdom

Charlie ChaplinCharlie Chaplin
16 April 1889, British
 
B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891, Indian
Indian Jurist

Alexandre DumasAlexandre Dumas
24 July 1802, French
 

Karl MarxKarl Marx
05 May 1818, Prussian
Philosopher

Vincent van GoghVincent van Gogh
30 March 1853, French, Dutch
Painter

Helen KellerHelen Keller
27 June 1880, American
Author
Edward VIIEdward VII
09 November 1841, British
Former King of the United Kingdom

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883, Italian
Former Duce

Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway
21 July 1899, American
Journalist

John AdamsJohn Adams
30 October 1735, American
2nd U.S. President
Elizabeth Schuyler HamiltonElizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
09 August 1757, American
Alexander Hamilton's Wife

Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson
28 December 1856, American
28th U.S. President
Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman
29 February 1822, American
Abolitionist

Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso
25 October 1881, Spanish
Painter

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
16 December 1770, Austrian, German
Composer
Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897, Indian
Political leader

J. R. R. TolkienJ. R. R. Tolkien
03 January 1892, British, South African
Writer
Thomas EdisonThomas Edison
11 February 1847, American
Inventor, Businessman

Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861, Indian
Poet

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union
Grigori RasputinGrigori Rasputin
21 January 1869, Russian
Peasant

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Mao ZedongMao Zedong
26 December 1893, Chinese
Communist Leader of China
Susan B. AnthonySusan B. Anthony
15 February 1820, American
Women’s Rights Activist

Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson
15 March 1767, American
7th President of the United States

Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant
27 April 1822, American
18th U.S. President

Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
19 January 1809, American
Writer
Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888, Indian
Confident, Ambitious
Warren G. HardingWarren G. Harding
02 November 1865, American
President of the U.S

Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland
18 March 1837, American
President of the U.S.A

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844, German
Philosopher

Jack the RipperJack the Ripper
1865 AD, British
Serial Killer
John D. RockefellerJohn D. Rockefeller
08 July 1839, American
Businessman

Wyatt EarpWyatt Earp
19 March 1848, American
 

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889, Indian
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter

Oscar WildeOscar Wilde
16 October 1854, Irish
Playwright

George III of the United KingdomGeorge III of the United Kingdom
04 June 1738, British
King
James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States

Herbert HooverHerbert Hoover
10 August 1874, American
31st U.S. President
Alfred HitchcockAlfred Hitchcock
13 August 1899, British, American
Film Director

Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass
01 February 1818, American
American orator

Babe RuthBabe Ruth
06 February 1895, American
 
William McKinleyWilliam McKinley
29 January 1843, American
President of the U.S.A

William Howard TaftWilliam Howard Taft
15 September 1857, American
President of the U.S.A
Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Psychiatrist

Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt
11 October 1884, American
Former First Lady of the United States

Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels
29 October 1897, German
German Nazi politician

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy
09 September 1828, Russian
 

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809, British
Naturalist
Charles DickensCharles Dickens
07 February 1812, British
Writer

Mary of TeckMary of Teck
26 May 1867, British
Queen consort of the United Kingdom

Calvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge
04 July 1872, American
President of the U.S.A

Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley
12 October 1875, British
Occultist
Harry HoudiniHarry Houdini
24 March 1874, Hungarian
Illusionist

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev
15 April 1894, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union
Mark Twain ImageMark Twain
30 November 1835, American
Writer

Anthony EdenAnthony Eden
12 June 1897, British
Prime Minister of UK

Doc HollidayDoc Holliday
14 August 1851, American
Gambler, Gunfighter
Robert E. LeeRobert E. Lee
19 January 1807, American
Confederate General in the American Civil War

F. Scott FitzgeraldF. Scott Fitzgerald
24 September 1896, American
Novelist
James A. GarfieldJames A. Garfield
19 November 1831, American
President of the U.S.A

J. Edgar HooverJ. Edgar Hoover
01 January 1895, American
First Director of FBI

Henry FordHenry Ford
30 July 1863, American
Industrialist
Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson
29 December 1808, American
17th U.S. President

Pierre CuriePierre Curie
15 May 1859, French
Nobel Laureate in Physics
Francisco FrancoFrancisco Franco
04 December 1892, Spanish
Former Caudillo of Spain

Colonel SandersColonel Sanders
09 September 1890, American
Founder of KFC

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863, Indian
Indian Monk

Coco ChanelCoco Chanel
19 August 1883, French
Fashion Designer
Franz KafkaFranz Kafka
03 July 1883, Austrian
Novelist
Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi
28 September 1835, Indian
Spiritual Guru

Benjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison
20 August 1833, American
23rd President of the United States

Virginia WoolfVirginia Woolf
25 January 1882, British
Novelist

Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali Jinnah
25 December 1876, Pakistani
Founder of Pakistan
Lizzie BordenLizzie Borden
19 July 1860, American
 

Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau
12 July 1817, American
Writer and Philosopher

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898, Irish, British
Writer

Lucky LucianoLucky Luciano
11 November 1897, Italian, American
Gangster

Florence NightingaleFlorence Nightingale
12 May 1820, British
Founder of Modern Nursing
Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur
26 January 1880, American
 

Jesse JamesJesse James
05 September 1847, American
American Outlaw & Gang Leader
Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
23 July 1892, Ethiopian
Former Emperor of Ethiopia

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
12 September 1897, French
Chemist
C. RajagopalachariC. Rajagopalachari
10 December 1878, Indian
Politician, Independence Activist, Lawyer, Writer
Ralph Waldo EmersionRalph Waldo Emerson
25 May 1803, American
American Lecturer, Philosopher, Essayist & Poet