Famous People Of The 19th Century

The 19th century was a period marked by major political upheavals in several parts of the world. The era also witnessed increased industrialization and fast development of science and technology. The century is however best remembered as the era which witnessed the birth of some of the greatest—and most notorious—political figures to have ever emerged in human history. On one hand, the much revered pacifist Mahatma Gandhi was born in India during this century, while continents away, the would-be dictator and Nazi leader Adolf Hitler took birth in Europe. The 19th century also saw rampant war, widespread violence, and systematic abuse of certain sections of the society. This in turn gave birth to social rights activists, civil rights activists, and feminists like Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Margaret Fuller who fought for the betterment of the society. Great scientists like Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Thomas Edison, and Louis Pasteur were also born in this century as were the famous writers Charles Dickens, Walt Whitman, Oscar Wilde, and Emily Bronte. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 19th century.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 
Albert Einstein
(Developer of Theory of Relativity)

Albert Einstein
105
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: March 14, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ulm, Germany
Died: April 18, 1955

 2 
Abraham Lincoln
(16th President of the United States (1861-1865))

Abraham Lincoln
83
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Larue County, Kentucky, United States
Died: April 15, 1865
Height: 6'4" (193 cm)

 3 
Alexander Hamilton
(American Revolutionary and Founding Father of the United States)

Alexander Hamilton
60
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Died: July 12, 1804
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 4 
Nikola Tesla
(Inventor, Engineer & Futurist, Who Obtained Over 300 Patents)

Nikola Tesla
48
Birthdate: July 10, 1856
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Smiljan, Croatia
Died: January 7, 1943
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 5 

Vincent van Gogh
62
Birthdate: March 30, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zundert, Netherlands
Died: July 29, 1890

 6 
Joseph Stalin
(Revolutionary)

Joseph Stalin
81
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 18, 1878
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gori, Georgia
Died: March 5, 1953

 7 
Marie Curie
(Physicist Who Conducted Pioneering Research on 'Radioactivity' and First Woman to Win a Nobel Prize)

Marie Curie
75
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: July 4, 1934
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 8 
Thomas Jefferson
(3rd President of the United States)

Thomas Jefferson
45
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1826

 9 
Theodore Roosevelt
(26th President of the United States (1901-1909))

Theodore Roosevelt
40
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 27, 1858
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York, United States
Died: January 6, 1919

 10 
Winston Churchill
(Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1940 - 1945, 1951 - 1955))

Winston Churchill
60
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 30, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Blenheim Palace, England, United Kingdom
Died: January 24, 1965
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 11 
Pablo Picasso
(One of the Most Influential Artists of the 20th Century and Co-Founder of the 'Cubist Movement')

Pablo Picasso
44
Birthdate: October 25, 1881
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
Died: April 8, 1973

 12 
Thomas Edison
(Inventor of Phonograph & Motion Picture Camera)

Thomas Edison
40
Birthdate: February 11, 1847
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Milan, Ohio, United States
Died: October 18, 1931
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 13 
Napoleon Bonaparte
(Emperor of the French (1804-1814))

Napoleon Bonaparte
77
Birthdate: August 15, 1769
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ajaccio, France
Died: May 5, 1821
Height: 5'6" (168 cm)

 14 
Charlie Chaplin
(Actor, Comedian)

Charlie Chaplin
53
Birthdate: April 16, 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Walworth, London, England
Died: December 25, 1977
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 15 
Helen Keller
(Author, First Deafblind Person to Earn a B.A. Degree)

Helen Keller
51
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 27, 1880
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tuscumbia, Alabama, United States
Died: June 1, 1968

 16 
Harriet Tubman
(Activist and Abolitionist Known for Her Efforts in Rescuing Slaves and Abolition of Slavery)

Harriet Tubman
18
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: June 27, 1880, 1822
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dorchester County, Maryland, United States
Died: March 10, 1913

 17 
Ludwig van Beethoven
(One of the Most Admired Composers and Pianists in the History of Western Music)

Ludwig van Beethoven
27
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: December 17, 1770
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bonn, Germany
Died: March 26, 1827

 18 
Jack the Ripper
(Serial killer)

Jack the Ripper
51
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: England
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 19 
Queen Victoria
(Queen of the United Kingdom (1837-1901))

Queen Victoria
104
Birthdate: May 24, 1819
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kensington Palace, London, England
Died: January 22, 1901

 20 
Charles Darwin
(Naturalist known for His Contributions to Evolutionary Biology)

Charles Darwin
60
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: The Mount House, Shrewsbury, England
Died: April 19, 1882
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 21 
Babe Ruth
(One of the Greatest Basketball Players of All Time)

Babe Ruth
24
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 6, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pigtown, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: August 16, 1948
Height: 6'2" (188 cm)

 22 
Edgar Allan Poe
(Writer and Poet - Widely Regarded as a Central Figure of Romanticism in the United States)

Edgar Allan Poe
27
Birthdate: January 19, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 7, 1849
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 23 
Charles Dickens
(The Greatest Novelist of the Victorian Era)

Charles Dickens
23
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: February 7, 1812
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Landport, Hampshire, England
Died: June 9, 1870

 24 
Ulysses S. Grant
(Civil War Hero and the 18th President of the United States)

Ulysses S. Grant
26
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Point Pleasant, Ohio, United States
Died: July 23, 1885

 25 
Karl Marx
(Philosopher & Economist - Famous for His Theory of 'Marxism' )

Karl Marx
77
Birthdate: May 5, 1818
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Trier, Germany
Died: March 14, 1883

 26 
Henry Ford
(The Founder of the ‘Ford Motor Company’)

Henry Ford
22
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: July 30, 1863
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Springwells Township, Michigan, United States
Died: April 7, 1947

 27 
Mark Twain
(Lauded as the 'Greatest Humorist' the United States Has Produced)

Mark Twain
23
Birthdate: November 30, 1835
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Florida, Missouri, United States
Died: April 21, 1910

 28 
Oscar Wilde
(One of the Greatest Playwrights of the 'Victorian Era')

Oscar Wilde
45
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 16, 1854
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: November 30, 1900

 29 
Vladimir Lenin
(1st & Founding head of government of Soviet Russia (1917-1924) and Soviet Union (1922-24))

Vladimir Lenin
48
Birthdate: April 22, 1870
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ulyanovsk, Russia
Died: January 21, 1924

 30 
Friedrich Nietzsche
(German Philosopher, Cultural Critic and Philologist)

Friedrich Nietzsche
24
Birthdate: October 15, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Röcken, Lützen, Germany
Died: August 25, 1900

 31 
John Adams
(2nd President of United States (1797-1801))

John Adams
25
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 30, 1735
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Braintree, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 4, 1826
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)

 32 
Sigmund Freud
(Neurologist & the Founder of Psychoanalysis)

Sigmund Freud
22
Birthdate: May 6, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Příbor, Czechia
Died: September 23, 1939

 33 
H. H. Holmes
(Serial Killer)

H. H. Holmes
42
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: May 16, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gilmanton, New Hampshire, United States
Died: May 7, 1896

 34 
Harry Houdini
(Illusionist)

Harry Houdini
20
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 24, 1874
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: October 31, 1926

 35 
Frederick Douglass
(Abolitionist, Social Reformer)

Frederick Douglass
10
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1818 AD
Birthplace: Talbot County, Maryland, United States
Died: February 20, 1895

 36 
Alexander Graham Bell
(Inventor of Telephone)

Alexander Graham Bell
27
Birthdate: March 3, 1847
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: August 2, 1922

 37 
Jane Austen
(Novelist)

Jane Austen
22
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 16, 1775
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hampshire, England
Died: July 18, 1817
Height: 5'8" (173 cm)

 38 
Florence Nightingale
(Social Reformer & Founder of Modern Nursing and Known as 'The Lady with the Lamp')

Florence Nightingale
16
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 12, 1820
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: August 13, 1910

 39 
Orville Wright
(Co-inventor of First Successful Airplane)

Orville Wright
24
Birthdate: August 19, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dayton, Ohio, United States
Died: January 30, 1948

 40 
Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
(Alexander Hamilton's Wife)

Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
14
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 9, 1757
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: November 9, 1854

 41 
P. T. Barnum
(Businessman, Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut (1875 – 76))

P. T.  Barnum
17
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: July 5, 1810
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bethel, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 7, 1891

 42 
Wyatt Earp
(Law enforcement officer)

Wyatt Earp
15
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 19, 1848
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Monmouth, Illinois, United States
Died: January 13, 1929

 43 
Jesse James
(Outlaw, Bank and Train Robber)

Jesse James
22
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: September 5, 1847
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kearney, Missouri, United States
Died: April 3, 1882

 44 
Ada Lovelace
(Countess of Lovelace)

Ada Lovelace
20
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 10, 1815
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London
Died: November 27, 1852

 45 

Billy the Kid
26
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: November 17, 1859
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Manhattan
Died: July 14, 1881
Height: 5'8" (173 cm)

 46 
John D. Rockefeller
(Businessman)

John D. Rockefeller
17
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: July 8, 1839
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Richford, New York, United States
Died: May 23, 1937

 47 
James Madison
(4th President of The United States)

James Madison
14
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 16, 1751
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Port Conway, Virginia, United States
Died: June 28, 1836

 48 
Leo Tolstoy
(One of the Greatest Authors of All Time)

Leo Tolstoy
14
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 9, 1828
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Yasnaya Polyana, Russia
Died: November 20, 1910

 49 

Grigori Rasputin
32
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 21, 1869
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pokrovskoe, Russia
Died: December 30, 1916
Height: 6'4" (193 cm)

 50 
Andrew Jackson
(President of the United States (1829 – 1837))

Andrew Jackson
11
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 15, 1767
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Waxhaws
Died: June 8, 1845