The 19th century was a period marked by major political upheavals in several parts of the world. The era also witnessed increased industrialization and fast development of science and technology. The century is however best remembered as the era which witnessed the birth of some of the greatest—and most notorious—political figures to have ever emerged in human history. On one hand, the much revered pacifist Mahatma Gandhi was born in India during this century, while continents away, the would-be dictator and Nazi leader Adolf Hitler took birth in Europe. The 19th century also saw rampant war, widespread violence, and systematic abuse of certain sections of the society. This in turn gave birth to social rights activists, civil rights activists, and feminists like Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Margaret Fuller who fought for the betterment of the society. Great scientists like Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Thomas Edison, and Louis Pasteur were also born in this century as were the famous writers Charles Dickens, Walt Whitman, Oscar Wilde, and Emily Bronte. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 19th century.
Edward VIII of the United KingdomEdward VIII of the United Kingdom
23 June 1894, British
King of United Kingdom
Queen Victoria Queen Victoria
24 May 1819, British
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

F D RooseveltF D Roosevelt
30 January 1882, American
32nd President of the United States

Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln
12 February 1809, American
American President.

George VGeorge V
03 June 1865, British
Former King of the United Kingdom

Anthony EdenAnthony Eden
12 June 1897, British
Prime Minister of UK
Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt
27 October 1858, American
26th U.S. President

Edward VIIEdward VII
09 November 1841, British
Former King of the United Kingdom

Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869, Indian
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879, German, American
Physicist

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-StrelitzCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
19 May 1744, British
Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland
Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin
18 December 1878, Georgian, Russian
Communist Revolutionary & Ruler of former USSR

Mary of TeckMary of Teck
26 May 1867, British
Queen consort of the United Kingdom

Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla
10 July 1856, Austrian, American
Inventor, Father of Radio

Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson
15 March 1767, American
7th President of the United States

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
13 April 1743, American
3rd U.S. President
Charles CurtisCharles Curtis
25 January 1860, American
Former Vice President of the United States

Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize

Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland
18 March 1837, American
President of the U.S.A

Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson
29 December 1808, American
17th U.S. President
Charlie ChaplinCharlie Chaplin
16 April 1889, British
 

Jack the RipperJack the Ripper
1865 AD, British
Serial Killer
John AdamsJohn Adams
30 October 1735, American
2nd U.S. President

Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant
27 April 1822, American
18th U.S. President

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
16 December 1770, Austrian, German
Composer
Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897, Indian
Political leader

J. R. R. TolkienJ. R. R. Tolkien
03 January 1892, British, South African
Writer
Charles DickensCharles Dickens
07 February 1812, British
Writer

Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
02 February 1882, Greek
Son of King of Greece and Denmark, King George I

Herbert HooverHerbert Hoover
10 August 1874, American
31st U.S. President
Grigori RasputinGrigori Rasputin
21 January 1869, Russian
Peasant

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Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson
28 December 1856, American
28th U.S. President
Helen KellerHelen Keller
27 June 1880, American
Author

Vincent van GoghVincent van Gogh
30 March 1853, French, Dutch
Painter

Karl MarxKarl Marx
05 May 1818, Prussian
Philosopher

Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman
29 February 1822, American
Abolitionist
John BrownJohn Brown
09 May 1800, American
Abolitionist
Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883, Italian
Former Duce

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891, Indian
Indian Jurist

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863, Indian
Indian Monk

Warren G. HardingWarren G. Harding
02 November 1865, American
President of the U.S
Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway
21 July 1899, American
Journalist

Mao ZedongMao Zedong
26 December 1893, Chinese
Communist Leader of China

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889, Indian
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter

Thomas EdisonThomas Edison
11 February 1847, American
Inventor, Businessman
William McKinleyWilliam McKinley
29 January 1843, American
President of the U.S.A

Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso
25 October 1881, Spanish
Painter
Calvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge
04 July 1872, American
President of the U.S.A

James NaismithJames Naismith
06 November 1861, Canadian, American
Invented Basketball

Oscar WildeOscar Wilde
16 October 1854, Irish
Playwright
William Howard TaftWilliam Howard Taft
15 September 1857, American
President of the U.S.A

James A. GarfieldJames A. Garfield
19 November 1831, American
President of the U.S.A
John D. RockefellerJohn D. Rockefeller
08 July 1839, American
Businessman

Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861, Indian
Poet

P. T.  BarnumP. T. Barnum
05 July 1810, American
American politician

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844, German
Philosopher

Benjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison
20 August 1833, American
23rd President of the United States
Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
19 January 1809, American
Writer

James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States

Bessie SmithBessie Smith
15 April 1894, American
Singer

Emily DickinsonEmily Dickinson
10 December 1830, American
Poet
George III of the United KingdomGeorge III of the United Kingdom
04 June 1738, British
King

Albert, Prince ConsortAlbert, Prince Consort
26 August 1819, German, British
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Husband of Queen
Alfred HitchcockAlfred Hitchcock
13 August 1899, British, American
Film Director

Colonel SandersColonel Sanders
09 September 1890, American
Founder of KFC

Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels
29 October 1897, German
German Nazi politician
Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev
15 April 1894, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt
11 October 1884, American
Former First Lady of the United States
William Randolph HearstWilliam Randolph Hearst
29 April 1863, American
Newspaper Baron

Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass
01 February 1818, American
American orator

Robert E. LeeRobert E. Lee
19 January 1807, American
Confederate General in the American Civil War
Wilhelm IIWilhelm II
27 January 1859, German
Emperor of Germany

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898, Irish, British
Writer
Hermann GoringHermann Goring
12 January 1893, German
German Military Leader

Rutherford B. HayesRutherford B. Hayes
04 October 1822, American
President of the U.S.A

J. Edgar HooverJ. Edgar Hoover
01 January 1895, American
First Director of FBI

Wyatt EarpWyatt Earp
19 March 1848, American
 
George PattonGeorge Patton
11 November 1885, German, American
Military Officer
Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Psychiatrist

Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali Jinnah
25 December 1876, Pakistani
Founder of Pakistan

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809, British
Naturalist

Mark Twain ImageMark Twain
30 November 1835, American
Writer
Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley
12 October 1875, British
Occultist

Fred AstaireFred Astaire
10 May 1899, American
Dancer

Babe RuthBabe Ruth
06 February 1895, American
 

F. Scott FitzgeraldF. Scott Fitzgerald
24 September 1896, American
Novelist

Virginia WoolfVirginia Woolf
25 January 1882, British
Novelist
Chester A. ArthurChester A. Arthur
05 October 1829, American
21st President of the USA

John Wilkes BoothJohn Wilkes Booth
10 May 1838, American
Assassinated Abraham Lincoln
Franklin PierceFranklin Pierce
23 November 1804, American
 

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy
09 September 1828, Russian
 
Millard FillmoreMillard Fillmore
07 January 1800, American
President of the U.S.A
Elizabeth Schuyler HamiltonElizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
09 August 1757, American
Alexander Hamilton's Wife