The 19th century was a period marked by major political upheavals in several parts of the world. The era also witnessed increased industrialization and fast development of science and technology. The century is however best remembered as the era which witnessed the birth of some of the greatest—and most notorious—political figures to have ever emerged in human history. On one hand, the much revered pacifist Mahatma Gandhi was born in India during this century, while continents away, the would-be dictator and Nazi leader Adolf Hitler took birth in Europe. The 19th century also saw rampant war, widespread violence, and systematic abuse of certain sections of the society. This in turn gave birth to social rights activists, civil rights activists, and feminists like Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Margaret Fuller who fought for the betterment of the society. Great scientists like Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Thomas Edison, and Louis Pasteur were also born in this century as were the famous writers Charles Dickens, Walt Whitman, Oscar Wilde, and Emily Bronte. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 19th century.
Queen Victoria Queen Victoria
24 May 1819, British
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869, Indian
Leader of Indian Independence Movement

George VGeorge V
03 June 1865, British
Former King of the United Kingdom

Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln
12 February 1809, American
American President.

Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman
1820 AD, American
Abolitionist

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879, German, American
Physicist
Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla
10 July 1856, Austrian, American
Inventor, Father of Radio

Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin
18 December 1878, Georgian, Russian
Communist Revolutionary & Ruler of former USSR

Edward VIIEdward VII
09 November 1841, British
Former King of the United Kingdom
Louisa May AlcottLouisa May Alcott
29 November 1832, American
Writer

J. R. R. TolkienJ. R. R. Tolkien
03 January 1892, British, South African
Writer
B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891, Indian
Indian Jurist

Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson
29 December 1808, American
 

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897, Indian
 

Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt
27 October 1858, American
26th U.S. President

Charlie ChaplinCharlie Chaplin
16 April 1889, British
 
Vincent van GoghVincent van Gogh
30 March 1853, French, Dutch
Painter

Anthony EdenAnthony Eden
12 June 1897, British
Prime Minister of UK

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
16 December 1770, Austrian, German
Composer

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
13 April 1743, American
3rd U.S. President
Charles DickensCharles Dickens
07 February 1812, British
Writer

Thomas EdisonThomas Edison
11 February 1847, American
Inventor, Businessman
Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway
21 July 1899, American
Journalist

Karl MarxKarl Marx
05 May 1818, Prussian
Economist, Philosopher

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863, Indian
Leader
Grigori RasputinGrigori Rasputin
21 January 1869, Russian
Peasant, Mystical Faith healer

Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883, Italian
Former Duce

Srinivasa RamanujanSrinivasa Ramanujan
22 December 1887, Indian
Mathematician

Mao ZedongMao Zedong
26 December 1893, Chinese
Communist Leader of China
Agatha ChristieAgatha Christie
15 September 1890, British
 

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Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889, Indian
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter
Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso
25 October 1881, Spanish
Painter

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson
15 March 1767, American
7th President of the United States

Helen KellerHelen Keller
27 June 1880, American
Author
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer
Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant
27 April 1822, American
President of the U.S.A

J. Paul GettyJ. Paul Getty
15 December 1892, British, American
Businessman

John D. RockefellerJohn D. Rockefeller
08 July 1839, American
Businessman

Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
19 January 1809, American
Author, Poet, Editor and Literary Critic
Henry FordHenry Ford
30 July 1863, American
Businessman

Jack the RipperJack the Ripper
1865 AD, British
Serial Killer

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844, German
Philosopher

Oscar WildeOscar Wilde
16 October 1854, Irish
Playwright

Babe RuthBabe Ruth
06 February 1895, American
 
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861, Indian
Poet and Author

Wyatt EarpWyatt Earp
19 March 1848, American
 
Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson
28 December 1856, American
Father of the League of Nations

Alfred HitchcockAlfred Hitchcock
13 August 1899, British
Film Director and Producer

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809, British
Naturalist, Geologist
Humphrey BogartHumphrey Bogart
25 December 1899, American
Actor

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace
Emily DickinsonEmily Dickinson
10 December 1830, American
Poet

Lucky LucianoLucky Luciano
11 November 1897, American
Gangster

Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali Jinnah
25 December 1876, Pakistani
Founder of Pakistan

Colonel SandersColonel Sanders
09 September 1890, American
Founder of KFC

Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass
01 February 1818, American
American orator
Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army

Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels
29 October 1897, German
German Nazi politician

Mark Twain ImageMark Twain
30 November 1835, American
Author and Humorist

Albert, Prince ConsortAlbert, Prince Consort
26 August 1819, German, British
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Husband of Queen
J. Edgar HooverJ. Edgar Hoover
01 January 1895, American
First Director of FBI

Doc HollidayDoc Holliday
14 August 1851, American
Gambler, Gunfighter
Mary of TeckMary of Teck
26 May 1867, British
Former Queen of the United Kingdom

Virginia WoolfVirginia Woolf
25 January 1882, British
Novelist

Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley
12 October 1875, British
 
Herbert HooverHerbert Hoover
10 August 1874, American
31st U.S. President

Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland
18 March 1837, American
President of the U.S.A
Robert E. LeeRobert E. Lee
19 January 1807, American
Confederate General in the American Civil War

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev
15 April 1894, Russian, Russian
Prime Minister of Soviet Union

Andrew CarnegieAndrew Carnegie
25 November 1835, American, Scottish
Industrialist, Businessman, Entrepreneur and a
William McKinleyWilliam McKinley
29 January 1843, American
President of the U.S.A

Billy the KidBilly the Kid
17 November 1859, American
Gunman
Warren G. HardingWarren G. Harding
02 November 1865, American
President of the U.S

T. S. EliotT. S. Eliot
26 September 1888, American
Poet

Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi
28 September 1835, Indian
Spiritual Guru

Coco ChanelCoco Chanel
19 August 1883, French
Fashion Designer
C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898, Irish, British
Novelist
Lord ByronLord Byron
22 January 1788, British
Poet, Politician

Susan B. AnthonySusan B. Anthony
15 February 1820, American
Women’s Rights Activist

James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka
03 July 1883, Austrian
Novelist
Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Psychiatrist

W. E. B. Du BoisW. E. B. Du Bois
23 February 1868, Ghanaian
Civil Rights Activists

George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver
01 January 1864, American
Scientist & Inventor

Florence NightingaleFlorence Nightingale
12 May 1820, British
Founder of Modern Nursing

Calvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge
04 July 1872, American
President of the U.S.A
Fred AstaireFred Astaire
10 May 1899, American
Dancer

H.H. Holmes H. H. Holmes
16 May 1861, American
Serial Killer
Jeanne CalmentJeanne Calment
21 February 1875, French
Oldest Person Ever

Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur
26 January 1880, American
 
Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
31 October 1887, Chinese
President of the Republic of China
Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell
03 March 1847, Canadian, Scottish
Inventor of Telephone