Famous 19th Century Lawyers & Judges

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 1 
William Howard Taft
(27th President of the United States)
William Howard Taft
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Birthdate: September 15, 1857
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Died: March 8, 1930

The 27th president of the United States, William Howard Taft also served as the tenth Chief Justice of the US; he is the only person in the history of the US to have held both the offices. He had a great impact as chief justice and has been regarded as the greatest US chief justices of all time.

 2 
Clarence Darrow
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Birthdate: April 18, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kinsman Township
Died: March 13, 1938
 3 
Chester A. Arthur
(The 21st president of the United States)
Chester A. Arthur
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Birthdate: October 5, 1829
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Fairfield, Vermont, United States
Died: November 18, 1886
Chester A. Arthur became the 21st president of the U.S. in 1881, after the assassination of President James A. Garfield, and served till 1885. Arthur represented Elizabeth Jennings Graham in the 1854 case against segregation in streetcars. He signed the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act and rebuilt the U.S. Navy.
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 4 
James Monroe
(One of the Founding Fathers Who Served as the 5th President of the United States)
James Monroe
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Birthdate: April 28, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Monroe Hall, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1831

James Monroe, a Founding Father of the U.S., served as the American president from 1817 to 1825. He opposed European colonialism and issued the Monroe Doctrine. He had also been a U.S. secretary of state, the Virginia governor, a U.S. Senate member, and the American ambassador to Britain and France.

 5 
Max Weber
(Sociologist)
Max Weber
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Birthdate: April 21, 1864
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Erfurt, Germany
Died: June 14, 1920

Max Weber was a German historian, political economist, jurist, and sociologist. Widely regarded as one of the most influential and important theorists, Weber's ideas had a profound influence on social research and social theory. Although he did not see himself as a sociologist, Weber is often counted among the fathers of sociology alongside Émile Durkheim, Auguste Comte, and Karl Marx.

 6 
Abraham Lincoln
(16th President of the United States (1861-1865))
Abraham Lincoln
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Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Larue County, Kentucky, United States
Died: April 15, 1865

A self-educated lawyer, Abraham Lincoln rose from modest background to become one of the greatest presidents of America. The 16th president of the country, who is also known as Honest Abe and the Great Emancipator, played a crucial role in establishing a truly democratic government, abolished slavery, modernised economy and led the country during the American Civil War.

 7 
John Jay
(1st Chief Justice of the United States (1789 - 1795))
John Jay
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Birthdate: December 12, 1745
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 1829

One of the Founding Fathers of the United States who signed the famous Paris Treaty, John Jay was best known as the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, although he occupied various other important public positions. He was a diplomat, who shaped his country’s foreign policy. He passed legislation to gradually abolish slavery, but he himself owned five enslaved people.

 8 
Francis Scott Key
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Birthdate: August 1, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Frederick County, Maryland, United States
Died: January 11, 1843
 9 
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
(Independence Activist, Reformer)
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
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Birthdate: May 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bhagur
Died: February 26, 1966

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician and independence activist. He formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy of Hindutva and was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha. He was known for his strong oratory skills and was an eloquent writer. He was initially charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi but was later acquitted.

 10 
Apolinario Mabini
(Revolutionary leader)
Apolinario Mabini
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Birthdate: July 23, 1864
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Talaga, Philippines
Died: May 13, 1903
 11 
Mahatma Gandhi
(Indian Freedom Fighter who Employed Non-violent Resistance & Known as 'Father of the Nation')
Mahatma Gandhi
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Birthdate: October 2, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Porbandar, India
Died: January 30, 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

 12 
John C. Breckinridge
(14th Vice President of the United States (1857 - 1861))
John C. Breckinridge
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Birthdate: January 16, 1821
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lexington, Kentucky, United States
Died: May 17, 1875

From being the youngest vice-president of the United States to joining the Confederate Army during the American civil war, John Breckinridge was a controversial figure in politics. While he was regarded as a shrewd military commander, the former Democratic Congressman was considered a traitor in the northern region. He fled the US after the Civil War but later on returned.

 13 
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
(Former Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court)
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
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Birthdate: March 8, 1841
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 6, 1935
 14 
Louis Brandeis
(Former Lawyer & US Supreme Court Associate Justice)
Louis Brandeis
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Birthdate: November 13, 1856
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Died: October 5, 1941
 15 
James Alexander Hamilton
(Son of Alexander Hamilton)
James Alexander Hamilton
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Birthdate: April 14, 1788
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York City, New York
Died: September 24, 1878
 16 
Salmon P. Chase
(Sixth Chief Justice of the United States)
Salmon P. Chase
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Birthdate: January 13, 1808
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: sixth Chief Justice of the United States
Died: May 7, 1873
 17 
Robert A. Taft
(Politician)
Robert A. Taft
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Birthdate: September 8, 1889
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Died: July 31, 1953
 18 
Roy Bean
(Justice of the Peace & Saloon-keeper)
Roy Bean
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Birthdate: 1825 AD
Birthplace: Mason County, Kentucky, United States
Died: March 19, 1903
 19 
Patrick Pearse
(Barrister and a Leader of the Easter Rising in 1916)
Patrick Pearse
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Birthdate: November 10, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: May 3, 1916

Patrick Pearse was an Irish teacher, barrister, poet, writer, and revolutionary. He was one of the leaders of the Easter Rising in 1916. Opinionated with radical views, he decided as a boy that he would dedicate his life to Irish freedom. A relentless idealist, he was executed after the Easter Rising and was immortalized as a symbol of the rebellion.

 20 
Sam Rayburn
(43rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives)
Sam Rayburn
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Birthdate: January 6, 1882
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kingston, Tennessee, United States
Died: November 16, 1961
 21 
Thomas Jefferson
(3rd President of the United States)
Thomas Jefferson
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Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

 22 
William Walker
(President)
William Walker
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Birthdate: May 8, 1824
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nashville, Tennessee, United States
Died: September 12, 1860
 23 
Wendell Willkie
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Birthdate: February 18, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Elwood, Indiana, USA
Died: October 8, 1944
 24 
Charles Hamilton Houston
(American lawyer)
Charles Hamilton Houston
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Birthdate: September 3, 1895
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
Died: April 22, 1950
 25 
Pierre Laval
(Politician, Lawyer)
Pierre Laval
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Birthdate: June 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Châteldon
Died: October 15, 1945

Pierre Laval was a French politician who served as prime minister of France for two non-consecutive terms. A lawyer by qualification, he defended trade unions and leftists against government prosecution. As a politician, he held many governmental positions. After the liberation of France in 1944, he was arrested by the new French government and executed following a flawed trial.

 26 
Carlos P. Garcia
(Former President)
Carlos P. Garcia
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Birthdate: November 4, 1896
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Talibon, Philippines
Died: June 14, 1971
 27 
Wilfrid Laurier
(7th Prime Minister of Canada (1896 -1911))
Wilfrid Laurier
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Birthdate: November 20, 1841
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint-Lin-Laurentides, Canada
Died: February 17, 1919

Wilfrid Laurier was a Canadian politician who served as the seventh prime minister of Canada; he was in office from 1896 to 1911. Counted amongst the country's greatest statesmen, he envisioned Canada as a “land of individual liberty and decentralized federalism.” He was placed first on Maclean's historical ranking of Canadian prime ministers in 2011.

 28 
Felix Frankfurter
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Birthdate: November 15, 1882
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria-Hungary small (now Austria)
Died: February 22, 1965
 29 
Lewis Wallace
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Birthdate: April 10, 1827
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brookville, Indiana, United States
Died: February 15, 1905
 30 
Harold Abrahams
(Athletics competitor, Sprinter, Lawyer, Journalist)
Harold Abrahams
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Birthdate: December 15, 1899
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bedford
Died: January 14, 1978

English track and field athlete is best remembered for his gold medal win in the 100m race at the Paris Olympics in 1924. Part of the Achilles Club, he and his exploits inspired the 1981 film Chariots of Fire. Following his retirement, he became a broadcaster and sports administrator.

 31 
Jesse E. James
(Lawyer, Actor)
Jesse E. James
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Birthdate: August 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nashville
Died: March 26, 1951
 32 
Engelbert Dollfuss
(Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer)
Engelbert Dollfuss
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Birthdate: October 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Texingtal
Died: July 25, 1934

Engelbert Dollfuss was an Austrian politician best remembered for his service as Chancellor of Austria from 1932 to 1934. In 1933, Dollfuss assumed dictatorial powers after dissolving the parliament. He then went on to ban the Austrian Nazi Party and strengthened his own political organization, The Fatherland Front. Engelbert Dollfuss was assassinated by Nazi agents in 1934.

 33 
Horatio Spafford
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Birthdate: October 20, 1828
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Troy
Died: October 16, 1888
 34 
Kenesaw Mountain Landis
(American Jurist and 1st Commissioner of Baseball (1920 - 1944))
Kenesaw Mountain Landis
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Birthdate: November 20, 1866
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Millville, Ohio, United States
Died: November 25, 1944

The son of a Union soldier, Kenesaw Mountain Landis was successful US federal judge. He was also the first Commissioner of Baseball and is remembered for his role in the Black Sox scandal, in which he removed eight Chicago White Sox players for deliberately losing the 1919 World Series.

 35 
Dean Acheson
(51st United States Secretary of State)
Dean Acheson
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Birthdate: April 11, 1893
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Middletown, Connecticut, United States
Died: October 12, 1971
 36 
Motilal Nehru
(Political Leader)
Motilal Nehru
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Birthdate: May 6, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Agra
Died: February 6, 1931

Apart from being a prominent lawyer, Motilal Nehru was also an eminent freedom fighter and the father of Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister. Born after his father’s death, he grew up amid financial difficulties. He later led the Indian National Congress as a two-time president.

 37 
James Smith Bush
(Jurist, Writer, Lawyer, Priest, Politician)
James Smith Bush
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Birthdate: June 15, 1825
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rochester
Died: November 11, 1889

The progenitor of the Bush political family, James Smith Bush, was a jurist by training before he was drawn to divinity and ordained as a priest. He began his career as rector of the Grace Church in Orange, New Jersey. Later, he visited other parts of the country, writing several books on religion, most significant of them being Evidence of Religion.

 38 
Samuel Chase
(Founding Father of the United States and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1796 - 1811))
Samuel Chase
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Birthdate: April 17, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Somerset County, Maryland, United States
Died: June 19, 1811

Samuel Chase was one of the founding fathers of the USA. From 1796 to 1811, he served as the Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also a signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence.

 39 
Albert Pike
(Military Leader)
Albert Pike
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Birthdate: December 29, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 2, 1891
 40 
Edwin M. Stanton
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Birthdate: December 19, 1814
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Steubenville, Ohio, U.S.
Died: December 24, 1869
 41 
John Foster Dulles
(Former United States Secretary of State)
John Foster Dulles
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Birthdate: February 25, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., U.S.
Died: May 24, 1959
 42 
Edmund Pettus
(Politician)
Edmund Pettus
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Birthdate: July 6, 1821
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Athens, Alabama, United States
Died: July 27, 1907
 43 
John Rutledge
(Chief Justice)
John Rutledge
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Birthdate: September 17, 1739
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: July 23, 1800
 44 
Henry L. Stimson
(Politician)
Henry L. Stimson
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Birthdate: September 21, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York City, New York (state) New York, U.S.
Died: October 20, 1950
 45 
Learned Hand
(Former United States Judge and Judicial Philosopher)
Learned Hand
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Birthdate: January 27, 1872
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Albany
Died: August 18, 1961
 46 
Jubal Early
(Lawyer)
Jubal Early
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Birthdate: November 3, 1816
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Franklin County, Virginia, United States
Died: March 2, 1894
 47 
Benjamin Cardozo
(Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1932-38))
Benjamin Cardozo
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Birthdate: May 24, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: July 9, 1938

American lawyer Benjamin Cardozo had served as the Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court. More of a liberal, he supported the modification of existing legal principles to make them more modern. He is remembered for his mild-mannered nature and for his contribution to the American common law.

 48 
José P. Laurel
(Former President of the Philippines)
José P. Laurel
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Birthdate: March 9, 1891
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tanauan, Philippines
Died: November 6, 1959
 49 
Getúlio Vargas
(Former President of Brazil)
Getúlio Vargas
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Birthdate: April 19, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: São Borja
Died: August 24, 1954
 50 
Lajos Kossuth
(Governor-President of the Kingdom of Hungary (April 1849 - August 1849))
Lajos Kossuth
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Birthdate: September 19, 1802
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Monok, Hungary
Died: March 20, 1894

Born into a noble family, Lajos Kossuth grew up to be one of his country’s greatest political reformers. He initially followed in his father’s footsteps to become a lawyer and later entered national politics to become the governor-president of Hungary. He is remembered for his role in the Hungarian Revolution.