Famous 19th Century Lawyers & Judges

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 1 Grover Cleveland

Grover Cleveland
Famous As: 22nd and 24th President of the United States
Birthdate: March 18, 1837
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caldwell, New Jersey, United States
Died: June 24, 1908

Grover Cleveland, a Democratic Party member, was the President of the United States from 1885 to 1889 and then again from 1893 to 1897. He is known for his campaign for political reform and fiscal conservatism. However, he was unable to deal with the economic depression in his second term as President, which led to massive decline in his popularity.

 2 William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft
Famous As: 27th President of the United States
Birthdate: September 15, 1857
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Died: March 8, 1930

The 27th president of the United States, William Howard Taft also served as the tenth Chief Justice of the US; he is the only person in the history of the US to have held both the offices. He had a great impact as chief justice and has been regarded as the greatest US chief justices of all time.

 3 Clarence Darrow

Clarence Darrow
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: April 18, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kinsman Township
Died: March 13, 1938
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 4 Chester A. Arthur

Chester A. Arthur
Famous As: 21st President of the United States
Birthdate: October 5, 1829
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Fairfield, Vermont, United States
Died: November 18, 1886
Chester A. Arthur became the 21st president of the U.S. in 1881, after the assassination of President James A. Garfield, and served till 1885. Arthur represented Elizabeth Jennings Graham in the 1854 case against segregation in streetcars. He signed the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act and rebuilt the U.S. Navy.

 5 James Monroe

James Monroe
Famous As: 5th President of the United States
Birthdate: April 28, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Monroe Hall, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1831

James Monroe, a Founding Father of the U.S., served as the American president from 1817 to 1825. He opposed European colonialism and issued the Monroe Doctrine. He had also been a U.S. secretary of state, the Virginia governor, a U.S. Senate member, and the American ambassador to Britain and France.

 6 Robert Todd Lincoln

Robert Todd Lincoln
Famous As: Politician, Son of Abraham Lincoln
Birthdate: August 1, 1843
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Springfield, Illinois, United States
Died: July 25, 1926

Lawyer Robert Todd Lincoln, son of Abraham Lincoln, served as the U.S. Secretary of War from 1881 to 1885 and as the U.S. minister to the U.K. from 1889 to 1893. He had served in the Civil War, too, and had also been the president of the Pullman Car Company

 7 Max Weber

Max Weber
Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: April 21, 1864
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Erfurt, Germany
Died: June 14, 1920

Max Weber was a German historian, political economist, jurist, and sociologist. Widely regarded as one of the most influential and important theorists, Weber's ideas had a profound influence on social research and social theory. Although he did not see himself as a sociologist, Weber is often counted among the fathers of sociology alongside Émile Durkheim, Auguste Comte, and Karl Marx.

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 8 Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: February 15, 1748
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Houndsditch, London, England
Died: June 6, 1832
Philosopher and jurist Jeremy Bentham is remembered as the pioneer of modern utilitarianism. He believed in economic freedoms, women’s rights, animal rights, the separation of the church and the state, and freedom of expression. Bentham wished for his body to be dissected and then to be displayed as an auto-icon.

 9 Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
Famous As: 16th President of the United States (1861-1865)
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Larue County, Kentucky, United States
Died: April 15, 1865

A self-educated lawyer, Abraham Lincoln rose from modest background to become one of the greatest presidents of America. The 16th president of the country, who is also known as Honest Abe and the Great Emancipator, played a crucial role in establishing a truly democratic government, abolished slavery, modernised economy and led the country during the American Civil War.

 10 John Jay

John Jay
Famous As: 1st Chief Justice of the United States (1789-1795)
Birthdate: December 12, 1745
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 1829

One of the Founding Fathers of the United States who signed the famous Paris Treaty, John Jay was best known as the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, although he occupied various other important public positions. He was a diplomat, who shaped his country’s foreign policy. He passed legislation to gradually abolish slavery, but he himself owned five enslaved people.

 11 Francis Scott Key

Francis Scott Key
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: August 1, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Frederick County, Maryland, United States
Died: January 11, 1843

 12 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Famous As: Independence Activist, Reformer
Birthdate: May 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bhagur
Died: February 26, 1966

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician and independence activist. He formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy of Hindutva and was a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha. He was known for his strong oratory skills and was an eloquent writer. He was initially charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi but was later acquitted.

 13 Muhammad Iqbal

Muhammad Iqbal
Famous As: Poet & Philosopher
Birthdate: November 9, 1877
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sialkot, Pakistan
Died: April 21, 1938

Muhammad Iqbal was a Scholar, poet, and politician. Born in British India (present-day Pakistan), Iqbal's poetry in Persian and Urdu languages is regarded as one of the greatest of the modern era. Also an influential politician, Muhammad Iqbal's vision of an independent Muslim state helped inspire the creation of Pakistan where he is recognized as the national poet.

 14 Apolinario Mabini

Apolinario Mabini
Famous As: Revolutionary leader
Birthdate: July 23, 1864
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Talaga, Philippines
Died: May 13, 1903

 15 James Alexander Hamilton

James Alexander Hamilton
Famous As: Son of Alexander Hamilton
Birthdate: April 14, 1788
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York City, New York
Died: September 24, 1878

 16 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.

Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
Famous As: Former Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court
Birthdate: March 8, 1841
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 6, 1935

 17 Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi
Famous As: Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Birthdate: October 2, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Porbandar, India
Died: January 30, 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

 18 Louis Brandeis

Louis Brandeis
Famous As: Former Lawyer & US Supreme Court Associate Justice
Birthdate: November 13, 1856
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Died: October 5, 1941

 19 Salmon P. Chase

Salmon P. Chase
Famous As: Sixth Chief Justice of the United States
Birthdate: January 13, 1808
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: sixth Chief Justice of the United States
Died: May 7, 1873

 20 Robert A. Taft

Robert A. Taft
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 8, 1889
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Died: July 31, 1953

 21 Roy Bean

Roy Bean
Famous As: Justice of the Peace & Saloon-keeper
Birthdate: 1825 AD
Birthplace: Mason County, Kentucky, United States
Died: March 19, 1903

 22 Patrick Pearse

Patrick Pearse
Famous As: Barrister and a Leader of the Easter Rising in 1916
Birthdate: November 10, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: May 3, 1916

Patrick Pearse was an Irish teacher, barrister, poet, writer, and revolutionary. He was one of the leaders of the Easter Rising in 1916. Opinionated with radical views, he decided as a boy that he would dedicate his life to Irish freedom. A relentless idealist, he was executed after the Easter Rising and was immortalized as a symbol of the rebellion.

 23 Sam Rayburn

Sam Rayburn
Famous As: 43rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Birthdate: January 6, 1882
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kingston, Tennessee, United States
Died: November 16, 1961

 24 Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson
Famous As: 3rd President of the United States
Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

 25 Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr
Famous As: 3rd Vice President of United States
Birthdate: February 6, 1756
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Newark, New Jersey, United States
Died: September 14, 1836

A soldier, lawyer and one of the founding Fathers of America, Aaron Burr rose to become the third Vice president of the United States. His turbulent political career, which included bitter rivalry with Alexander Hamilton, concluded when he mortally wounded Hamilton in a duel and was later charged with treason.

 26 Charles Hamilton Houston

Charles Hamilton Houston
Famous As: American lawyer
Birthdate: September 3, 1895
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
Died: April 22, 1950

 27 William Walker

William Walker
Famous As: President
Birthdate: May 8, 1824
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nashville, Tennessee, United States
Died: September 12, 1860

 28 Pierre Laval

Pierre Laval
Famous As: Politician, Lawyer
Birthdate: June 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ch√Ęteldon
Died: October 15, 1945

Pierre Laval was a French politician who served as prime minister of France for two non-consecutive terms. A lawyer by qualification, he defended trade unions and leftists against government prosecution. As a politician, he held many governmental positions. After the liberation of France in 1944, he was arrested by the new French government and executed following a flawed trial.

 29 Wilfrid Laurier

Wilfrid Laurier
Famous As: 7th Prime Minister of Canada (1896-1911)
Birthdate: November 20, 1841
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint-Lin-Laurentides, Canada
Died: February 17, 1919

Wilfrid Laurier was a Canadian politician who served as the seventh prime minister of Canada; he was in office from 1896 to 1911. Counted amongst the country's greatest statesmen, he envisioned Canada as a “land of individual liberty and decentralized federalism.” He was placed first on Maclean's historical ranking of Canadian prime ministers in 2011.

 30 Carlos P. Garcia

Carlos P. Garcia
Famous As: Former President
Birthdate: November 4, 1896
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Talibon, Philippines
Died: June 14, 1971

 31 Felix Frankfurter

Felix Frankfurter
Famous As: Judge
Birthdate: November 15, 1882
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria-Hungary small (now Austria)
Died: February 22, 1965

 32 Lewis Wallace

Lewis Wallace
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: April 10, 1827
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brookville, Indiana, United States
Died: February 15, 1905

 33 Harold Abrahams

Harold Abrahams
Famous As: Athletics competitor, Sprinter, Lawyer, Journalist
Birthdate: December 15, 1899
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bedford
Died: January 14, 1978

English track and field athlete is best remembered for his gold medal win in the 100m race at the Paris Olympics in 1924. Part of the Achilles Club, he and his exploits inspired the 1981 film Chariots of Fire. Following his retirement, he became a broadcaster and sports administrator.

 34 Jesse E. James

Jesse E. James
Famous As: Lawyer, Actor
Birthdate: August 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nashville
Died: March 26, 1951

 35 Horatio Spafford

Horatio Spafford
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: October 20, 1828
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Troy
Died: October 16, 1888

 36 Engelbert Dollfuss

Engelbert Dollfuss
Famous As: Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer
Birthdate: October 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Texingtal
Died: July 25, 1934

Engelbert Dollfuss was an Austrian politician best remembered for his service as Chancellor of Austria from 1932 to 1934. In 1933, Dollfuss assumed dictatorial powers after dissolving the parliament. He then went on to ban the Austrian Nazi Party and strengthened his own political organization, The Fatherland Front. Engelbert Dollfuss was assassinated by Nazi agents in 1934.

 37 Kenesaw Mountain Landis

Kenesaw Mountain Landis
Famous As: Jurist
Birthdate: November 20, 1866
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Millville, Ohio, United States
Died: November 25, 1944

The son of a Union soldier, Kenesaw Mountain Landis was successful US federal judge. He was also the first Commissioner of Baseball and is remembered for his role in the Black Sox scandal, in which he removed eight Chicago White Sox players for deliberately losing the 1919 World Series.

 38 Dean Acheson

Dean Acheson
Famous As: 51st United States Secretary of State
Birthdate: April 11, 1893
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Middletown, Connecticut, United States
Died: October 12, 1971

 39 James Smith Bush

James Smith Bush
Famous As: Jurist, Writer, Lawyer, Priest, Politician
Birthdate: June 15, 1825
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rochester
Died: November 11, 1889

The progenitor of the Bush political family, James Smith Bush, was a jurist by training before he was drawn to divinity and ordained as a priest. He began his career as rector of the Grace Church in Orange, New Jersey. Later, he visited other parts of the country, writing several books on religion, most significant of them being Evidence of Religion.

 40 Albert Pike

Albert Pike
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: December 29, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 2, 1891

 41 Samuel Chase

Samuel Chase
Famous As: Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1796-1811)
Birthdate: April 17, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Somerset County, Maryland, United States
Died: June 19, 1811

Samuel Chase was one of the founding fathers of the USA. From 1796 to 1811, he served as the Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also a signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence.

 42 Edwin M. Stanton

Edwin M. Stanton
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: December 19, 1814
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Steubenville, Ohio, U.S.
Died: December 24, 1869

 43 John Foster Dulles

John Foster Dulles
Famous As: Former United States Secretary of State
Birthdate: February 25, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., U.S.
Died: May 24, 1959

 44 Edmund Pettus

Edmund Pettus
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 6, 1821
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Athens, Alabama, United States
Died: July 27, 1907

 45 Jacob Grimm

Jacob Grimm
Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: January 4, 1785
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hanau, Germany
Died: September 20, 1863

Part of the legendary folklorist duo known as the Brothers Grimm, Jacob Grimm gave to the world Grimm’s Fairy Tales, along with his younger brother, Wilhelm Grimm. The son of a lawyer, he, too, had initially studied law. He also contributed immensely to Germanic linguistics, with his Grimm's law.

 46 Wendell Willkie

Wendell Willkie
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: February 18, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Elwood, Indiana, USA
Died: October 8, 1944

 47 John Rutledge

John Rutledge
Famous As: Chief Justice
Birthdate: September 17, 1739
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: July 23, 1800

 48 Preston Brooks

Preston Brooks
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 5, 1819
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edgefield County, South Carolina
Died: January 27, 1857

 49 Henry L. Stimson

Henry L. Stimson
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 21, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York City, New York (state) New York, U.S.
Died: October 20, 1950

 50 Karl Liebknecht

Karl Liebknecht
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: January 13, 1871
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: January 15, 1919

German socialist radical Karl Liebknecht is best remembered for co-founding the Spartacus League, an underground group that was declared illegal but later led to the formation of the Communist Party of Germany. He was shot to death on the orders of German commander Waldemar Pabst in the 1919 Spartacus Revolt.