19th Century Criminals

Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Criminals, including Billy the Kid, Al Capone, Ned Kelly, Jesse James and Lucky Luciano

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Rank the Most Wicked Criminals

 1 Jack the Ripper

Jack the Ripper.
7
Famous As: Serial Killer
Birthdate: 1865 AD
Birthplace: England

Jack the Ripper was anl unidentified serial killer who predominantly targeted female prostitutes living and working in the ghetto of the East End of London. Since the murders were never solved, Jack the Ripper became infamous folklore in England. The murders were so cleverly done that the authorities were not even able to ascertain the killer's gender.

 2 Billy the Kid

Billy the Kid.
6
Famous As: Gunman
Birthdate: November 17, 1859
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Manhattan
Died: July 14, 1881

Billy the Kid was a gunfighter of the American Old West whose notoriety grew when he escaped from jail after killing two sheriff's deputies. He remains one of the most notorious personalities of the American Old West, whose life has been often dramatized in popular culture. His story has inspired over 50 films, including Billy the Kid, and The Outlaw.

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 3 Jesse James

Jesse James.
3
Famous As: American Outlaw & Gang Leader
Birthdate: September 5, 1847
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kearney
Died: April 3, 1882
Jesse James was an outlaw from Missouri, who robbed trains, stagecoaches, and banks. He was also a guerrilla and led the James–Younger Gang. Along with his brother Frank, he joined pro-Confederate “bushwhackers” during the American Civil War. James became a legendary Wild West figure after his death.

 4 H. H. Holmes

H. H. Holmes.
11
Famous As: Serial Killer
Birthdate: May 16, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gilmanton, New Hampshire, U.S.
Died: 1896 AD
American serial killer H.H. Holmes was sentenced to death for the murder of his accomplice Benjamin Pitezel but confessed to 27 murders and might have killed almost 200 people. He had set up a hotel, later known as the Murder Castle, specifically for this purpose. He inspired a bestselling book.
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 5 Ned Kelly

Ned Kelly.
7
Famous As: Bushranger
Birthdate: May 31, 1855
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Beveridge, Australia
Died: November 11, 1880

The Robin Hood of Australia for many and villain for others, Ned Kelly become immortal not just for his murderous confrontation with the police, but also for his reported last words “such is life”. The bushranger and outlaw remains a cult figure in Australia even a century after his execution. His sympathizers considered his as a champion of the poor.

 6 Butch Cassidy

Butch Cassidy.
2
Famous As: Criminal
Birthdate: April 13, 1866
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Beaver, Utah
Died: November 7, 1908

Train and bank robber Butch Cassidy was the leader of a gang of criminal outlaws known as the "Wild Bunch" in the Old West. The son of ranchers, he ran away from home as a teenager and became involved in a life of crime. He started with minor criminal offenses and eventually became a much-feared robber.

 7 Arnold Rothstein

Arnold Rothstein.
2
Famous As: Racketeer
Birthdate: January 17, 1882
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: nhattan, New York City, New York
Died: November 6, 1928

Arnold Rothstein, or the Brain, was a racketeer, gambler, and businessman who later became a leader of New York’s Jewish crime circuit. He had reportedly fixed the 1919 World Series. He inspired several fictional characters, including Meyer Wolfsheim in The Great Gatsby. He was murdered for declining a poker-related payment.

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 8 Ike Clanton

Ike Clanton.
0
Famous As: Member of Brigand Group - The Cowboys
Birthdate: 1847 AD
Birthplace: Callaway County, Missouri
Died: June 1, 1887

 9 Leon Czolgosz

Leon Czolgosz.
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Famous As: Assassin of American President William McKinley
Birthdate: May 5, 1873
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Alpena, Michigan
Died: October 29, 1901

Steelworker Leon Czołgosz was an anarchist who assassinated President William McKinley. He shot McKinley twice from point-blank range on September 6, 1901, and the president died of his wounds on September 14. Czołgosz was eventually convicted and executed for his crime. He was the main character in the musical Assassins.

 10 William Burke

William Burke
2
Famous As: Criminal
Birthdate: 1792 AD
Birthplace: Urney, Ireland
Died: January 28, 1829

 11 Alfred Jodl

Alfred Jodl.
2
Famous As: Military Commander, Nazi War Criminal
Birthdate: May 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Würzburg
Died: October 16, 1946

Alfred Jodl was a German colonel-general who played an important role throughout World War II by serving as Chief of the Operations Staff of a German Armed Forces High Command called the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht. After the war, Jodl was tried at the Nuremberg trials and was found guilty on charges, such as crimes against humanity and war crimes.

 12 Alfred Rosenberg

Alfred Rosenberg.
3
Famous As: Nazi Party Ideologue, Author
Birthdate: January 12, 1893
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tallinn
Died: October 16, 1946
Alfred Rosenberg led the NSDAP Office of Foreign Affairs in Nazi Germany. Known for his work The Myth of the Twentieth Century, which explored the Nazi ideology, he was hanged as a war criminal after the Nuremberg trials. He was also one of the proponents of Positive Christianity.

 13 Mary Jane Kelly

Mary Jane Kelly
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Famous As: Criminal
Birthdate: 1863 AD
Birthplace: Limerick, Ireland
Died: November 9, 1888

 14 Charles J. Guiteau

Charles J. Guiteau.
3
Famous As: Guy who Assassinated the US President James A. Garfield
Birthdate: September 8, 1841
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Freeport, Illinois, United States
Died: June 30, 1882

Charles J. Guiteau was an American lawyer and writer who assassinated US President James A. Garfield, in 1881. He falsely believed that he helped Garfield win the presidential elections and that Garfield owed his victory to him. However, when his applications to serve in Paris or Vienna were rejected, he got offended and killed the president.

 15 John Wesley Hardin

John Wesley Hardin.
1
Famous As: Gunslinger
Birthdate: May 26, 1853
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bonham, Texas
Died: August 19, 1895

 16 John Christie

John Christie
4
Famous As: serial killer
Birthdate: April 8, 1899
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Northowram
Died: July 15, 1953

 17 Tommy Lucchese

Tommy Lucchese
3
Famous As: Criminal
Birthdate: December 1, 1899
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palermo
Died: July 13, 1967

 18 Frank James

Frank James.
1
Famous As: Outlaw
Birthdate: January 10, 1843
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Clay County, Missouri, USA
Died: February 18, 1915

Frank James was an American Confederate soldier turned outlaw. He was a good student and once aspired to be a teacher. He served in the American Civil War and was later pushed into the world of crime. He became a part of the James-Younger Gang and participated in many robberies. He eventually quit crime to work other jobs. 

 19 Belle Gunness

Belle Gunness.
6
Famous As: Serial Killer
Birthdate: November 11, 1859
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Selbu
Died: April 28, 1908
Also known as the Mistress of Murder Farms, Norwegian-born American immigrant Brynhild Paulsdatter Storset later changed her name to Belle. The brutal murderer is believed to have seduced and then butchered her countless suitors. A headless body found recovered from her burnt house was thought to be hers.

 20 Jean Lafitte

Jean Lafitte
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Famous As: Pirate
Birthdate: September 25, 1780
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Biarritz, France
Died: 1823 AD

 21 Mary Ann Cotton

Mary Ann Cotton.
5
Famous As: Serial Killer
Birthdate: October 31, 1832
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Low Moorsley
Died: March 24, 1873

 22 William M. Tweed

William M. Tweed.
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 3, 1823
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Manhattan
Died: April 12, 1878

William M. Tweed was an American politician best known for serving as the boss of Tammany Hall, which had a major influence on the political scene of 19th-century New York State. He was later convicted for stealing millions of dollars from New York City taxpayers. His life and career inspired several films, such as Up in Central Park and Liberty.

 23 Belle Starr

Belle Starr.
0
Famous As: Outlaw
Birthdate: February 5, 1848
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Carthage, Missouri, United States
Died: February 3, 1889

 24 William C. Quantrill

William C. Quantrill
1
Famous As: Confederate guerrilla leader
Birthdate: July 31, 1837
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Canal Dover, Ohio, United States
Died: June 6, 1865

 25 Amelia Dyer

Amelia Dyer.
4
Famous As: Serial Killer
Birthdate: 1837 AD
Birthplace: Bristol
Died: June 11, 1897

 26 Zerelda Mimms

Zerelda Mimms.
0
Famous As: Jesse James' Wife
Birthdate: July 21, 1845
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Logan, Kentucky
Died: November 13, 1900

Zerelda Mimms was the wife of bank and train robber Jesse James. She was the daughter of a pastor. Her mother, Mary Elizabeth, and Jesse James' father, Robert S. James, were siblings, making Zerelda and Jesse first cousins. Zerelda married Jesse in 1874. The couple had four children, two of whom died in infancy. 

 27 James Colosimo

James Colosimo
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Famous As: Criminal
Birthdate: February 16, 1878
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Calabria
Died: May 11, 1920

 28 Grace Marks

Grace Marks
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Famous As: Maid
Birthdate: June 30, 1828
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ulster
Died: 1873 AD

 29 Hawley Harvey Crippen

Hawley Harvey Crippen.
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Famous As: Homeopath & Killer of His Wife
Birthdate: September 11, 1862
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Coldwater, Michigan, United States
Died: November 23, 1910

 30 Jane Toppan

Jane Toppan.
1
Famous As: Serial killer
Birthdate: March 31, 1854
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Boston
Died: October 29, 1938

 31 Alferd Packer

Alferd Packer
3
Famous As: Criminal, Serial killer
Birthdate: January 21, 1842
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Allegheny County
Died: April 23, 1907

 32 Elizabeth Stride

Elizabeth Stride
6
Famous As: Serial Killer
Birthdate: November 27, 1843
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Torslanda, Sweden
Died: September 30, 1888

 33 Tommy Gagliano

Tommy Gagliano
0
Famous As: Mobster
Birthdate: May 29, 1883
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Corleone, Italy
Died: February 16, 1951

 34 Frankie Yale

Frankie Yale
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Famous As: Criminal
Birthdate: January 22, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Longobucco
Died: July 1, 1928

 35 John Bodkin Adams

John Bodkin Adams
1
Famous As: Physician, Serial killer
Birthdate: January 21, 1899
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Randalstown
Died: July 4, 1983

Not many suspected physician John Bodkin Adams of being a serial killer till it was revealed that his name had appeared in the wills of at least 132 of his patients who had died, while 163 died in coma. Though never convicted of the killings, he faced punishment for forgery.

 36 Sher Ali Afridi

Sher Ali Afridi
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Birthdate: 0000 AD

 37 Friedrich Jeckeln

Friedrich Jeckeln
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Famous As: Officer, Politician, War criminal
Birthdate: February 2, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hornberg
Died: February 3, 1946

Friedrich Jeckeln was a German military officer and SS commander. He played a major role during World War II, serving as a Higher SS and Police Leader in the Soviet Union. He was personally responsible for organizing the murders of more than 100,000 people. After the end of the war, Jeckeln was convicted of war crimes and executed in 1946.

 38 Harvey Logan

Harvey Logan
0
Famous As: Outlaw
Birthdate: 1867 AD
Birthplace: Richland, Iowa, United States
Died: June 17, 1904

Harvey Logan, also known as Kid Curry, was an outlaw and gunman. He was associated with Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid's infamous Wild Bunch gang. He reportedly killed at least nine law enforcement officers in five shootings. He killed himself during a lengthy physical fight with lawmen in order to escape being captured. 

 39 Stefano Magaddino

Stefano Magaddino
0
Famous As: Funeral director
Birthdate: October 10, 1891
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Castellammare del Golfo
Died: July 19, 1974

 40 Eugène François Vidocq

Eugène François Vidocq
0
Famous As: Criminal
Birthdate: July 24, 1775
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Arras, France
Died: May 11, 1857

 41 Paul Ricca

Paul Ricca
1
Famous As: mobster
Birthdate: November 14, 1897
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Naples
Died: October 11, 1972

 42 Owney Madden

Owney Madden
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Famous As: Gangster
Birthdate: December 18, 1891
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Leeds
Died: April 24, 1965

 43 Black Bart

Black Bart
1
Famous As: Outlaw
Birthdate: 1829 AD
Birthplace: Norfolk, England
Died: January 31, 1888

Black Bart was the nickname of Charles E. Boles, an outlaw who was one of the most notorious stagecoach robbers to operate in Northern California during the 1870s and early 1880s. He was considered a “gentleman bandit” with a love for sophistication. His final robbery took place in 1883, following which he was arrested. He was released in 1888. 

 44 Jack Dragna

Jack Dragna
0
Birthdate: April 18, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Corleone
Died: February 23, 1956

 45 Henri Désiré Landru

Henri Désiré Landru
2
Famous As: Serial killer, Subdeacon, Accountant, Q3053339, Cartographer, Roofer, Plumber, Con artist
Birthdate: April 12, 1869
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris
Died: February 25, 1922

 46 Bill Doolin

Bill Doolin
0
Famous As: Robber
Birthdate: 1858 AD
Birthplace: Johnson County, Arkansas, United States
Died: August 24, 1896

Bill Doolin was an outlaw and bandit who founded the Wild Bunch, also known as the Doolin-Dalton Gang. This group of criminals committed a series of bank robberies and train robberies in Arkansas, Kansas, Indiana, and Oklahoma during the 1890s. His gang was extremely powerful. He was relentlessly pursued by lawmen and was shot to death in 1896.  

 47 Servant Girl Annihilator

Servant Girl Annihilator
2
Famous As: Serial killer
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: United States

 48 Sam Bass

Sam Bass
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Famous As: Outlaw
Birthdate: July 21, 1851
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Mitchell, Indiana, United States
Died: July 21, 1878

Sam Bass was a 19th-century train robber and outlaw. Having lost his parents as a child, he lived with an uncle for a few years before leaving home. He started doing odd jobs but was dissatisfied with the pay. So, he took to a life of crime and participated in numerous train robberies. He was killed by the lawmen. 

 49 Willie Moretti

Willie Moretti
1
Birthdate: February 24, 1894
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City
Died: October 4, 1951

 50 Gaetano Reina

Gaetano Reina
1
Famous As: gangster, businessperson
Birthdate: September 27, 1889
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Corleone
Died: February 26, 1930