Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Musicians, including Frédéric Chopin, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Richard Wagner, Jeanne Calment and Franz Liszt
Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven

16 December 1770

German

Frédéric ChopinFrédéric Chopin

01 March 1810

Polish

Fred AstaireFred Astaire

10 May 1899

American

Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington

29 April 1899

American

Richard WagnerRichard Wagner

22 May 1813

German

Pyotr Ilyich TchaikovskyPyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

07 May 1840

Russian

Claude DebussyClaude Debussy

22 August 1862

French

Franz LisztFranz Liszt

22 October 1811

German,Hungarian

George GershwinGeorge Gershwin

26 September 1898

American

Maurice RavelMaurice Ravel

07 March 1875

French

Cole PorterCole Porter

09 June 1891

American

Johannes BrahmsJohannes Brahms

07 May 1833

German

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Giuseppe GaribaldiGiuseppe Garibaldi

04 July 1807

Italian

Robert SchumannRobert Schumann

08 June 1810

German

Giuseppe VerdiGiuseppe Verdi

10 October 1813

Italian

Giacomo PucciniGiacomo Puccini

22 December 1858

Belgian,Italian

Scott JoplinScott Joplin

24 November 1868

American

Erik SatieErik Satie

17 May 1866

French

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William HerschelWilliam Herschel

15 November 1738

German,British

Sergei ProkofievSergei Prokofiev

23 April 1891

Ukrainian

Jimmy DuranteJimmy Durante

10 February 1893

American

Louis-Hector BerliozHector Berlioz

11 December 1803

French

Camille Saint-SaensCamille Saint-Saëns

09 October 1835

French

Buddy BoldenBuddy Bolden

06 September 1877

American

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Edvard GriegEdvard Grieg

15 June 1843

Norwegian

Edward ElgarEdward Elgar

02 June 1857

British

Ralph Vaughan WilliamsRalph Vaughan Williams

12 October 1872

British

Jean SibeliusJean Sibelius

08 December 1865

Finnish

John Philip SousaJohn Philip Sousa

06 November 1854

American

Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam

24 May 1899

Bangladeshi,Indian

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Stephen FosterStephen Foster

04 July 1826

American

Georges BizetGeorges Bizet

25 October 1838

French

Nikolai Rimsky-KorsakovNikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

18 March 1844

Russian

George M. CohanGeorge M. Cohan

03 July 1878

American

Modest MussorgskyModest Mussorgsky

21 March 1839

Russian

Gabriel FauréGabriel Fauré

12 May 1845

French

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Carl OrffCarl Orff

10 July 1895

German

Charles IvesCharles Ives

20 October 1874

American

Anton BrucknerAnton Bruckner

04 September 1824

Austrian

Nadia BoulangerNadia Boulanger

16 September 1887

French

Paul HindemithPaul Hindemith

16 November 1895

German

Alban BergAlban Berg

09 February 1885

Austrian

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Vincenzo Bellini Vincenzo Bellini

03 November 1801

Italian

Percy GraingerPercy Grainger

08 July 1882

Australian,American

Arthur SullivanArthur Sullivan

13 May 1842

British

Max BruchMax Bruch

06 January 1838

German

Charles GounodCharles Gounod

17 June 1818

French

Heitor Villa-LobosHeitor Villa-Lobos

05 March 1887

Brazilian

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Amy BeachAmy Beach

05 September 1867

American

Paul DukasPaul Dukas

01 October 1865

French

Mikhail GlinkaMikhail Glinka

01 June 1804

Russian

Manuel de FallaManuel de Falla

23 November 1876

Spanish

Frederick DeliusFrederick Delius

29 January 1862

British

Ferruccio BusoniFerruccio Busoni

01 April 1866

German,Italian

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Hugo WolfHugo Wolf

13 March 1860

Slovenian

Enrique GranadosEnrique Granados

27 July 1867

Spanish

Louis Moreau GottschalkLouis Moreau Gottschalk

08 May 1829

American

Max RegerMax Reger

19 March 1873

German

Ernest BlochErnest Bloch

24 July 1880

Swiss

Ruggero LeoncavalloRuggero Leoncavallo

23 April 1857

Italian

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Edward MacDowellEdward MacDowell

18 December 1860

American

Sigmund RombergSigmund Romberg

29 July 1887

American

Silvestre RevueltasSilvestre Revueltas

31 December 1899

Mexican

Clara Wieck SchumannClara Wieck Schumann

13 September 1819

German

Teresa CarrenoTeresa Carreno

22 December 1853

Venezuelan

Antonín DvořákAntonín Dvořák

08 September 1841

Czech

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Adolf von HenseltAdolf von Henselt

12 May 1814

German

Bedrich SmetanaBedrich Smetana

02 March 1824

Austrian,Czech

Igor Fyodorovich StravinskyIgor Fyodorovich Stravinsky

17 June 1882

American

Fanny Mendelssohn HenselFanny Mendelssohn Hensel

14 November 1805

German

Cesar FranckCesar Franck

10 December 1822

French

Isaac AlbenizIsaac Albeniz

29 May 1860

Spanish

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Andres SegoviaAndres Segovia

21 February 1893

Spanish

Zoltan KodalyZoltan Kodaly

16 December 1882

Hungarian

Gustavus Theodore von HolstGustavus Theodore von Holst

21 September 1874

British

Carlos ChavezCarlos Chavez

13 June 1899

Mexican

Leos JanacekLeos Janacek

03 July 1854

Czech

Aleksandr BorodinAleksandr Borodin

12 November 1833

Russian

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Richard Georg StraussRichard Georg Strauss

11 June 1864

German

Edmond Dédé Edmond Dédé

20 November 1827

American

Cesar CuiCesar Cui

18 January 1835

Lithuanian,Russian