19th century was a period of great political transformation. The Spanish, Napoleonic, Holy Roman and Mughal Empire gave way to the British, Russian, and French empires to take over. United States of America rose at a formidable rate, becoming the new World Leader. As much as the political landscape of the world witnessed a huge makeover, so did the economic policies as Industrial Revolution and globalisation grew on a large scale. In a period of rapid accelerating growth, the advancements that the century made would barely had been possible had it not been for the eminent leaders. Be it French military and political leader Napoleon Bonaparte who revolutionized Europe in his autocratic style and cemented the ideas of French Revolution or Queen Victoria who brought about a rapid social and political change in ever expanding British Empire, 19th century boasts of having a long list of significant rulers who changed the panorama of the world. While Abraham Lincoln took over the reign of United States of America for the better part of the 19th century, Italy was led by Giuseppe Mazzini and Kaiser Wilhelm II served as the last emperor of Germany. However, these are just a handful of many more prolific leaders that the century had. Explore this section to know more about the famous leaders of the 19th century.
Queen Victoria Queen Victoria
24 May 1819, British
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
F D RooseveltF D Roosevelt
30 January 1882, American
32nd President of the United States

Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln
12 February 1809, American
American President.

Anthony EdenAnthony Eden
12 June 1897, British
Prime Minister of UK

Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt
27 October 1858, American
26th U.S. President

Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869, Indian
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin
18 December 1878, Georgian, Russian
Communist Revolutionary & Ruler of former USSR

Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson
15 March 1767, American
7th President of the United States

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
13 April 1743, American
3rd U.S. President
Charles CurtisCharles Curtis
25 January 1860, American
Former Vice President of the United States

Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland
18 March 1837, American
President of the U.S.A
Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson
29 December 1808, American
17th U.S. President

John AdamsJohn Adams
30 October 1735, American
2nd U.S. President

Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant
27 April 1822, American
18th U.S. President

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897, Indian
Political leader

Herbert HooverHerbert Hoover
10 August 1874, American
31st U.S. President
Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson
28 December 1856, American
28th U.S. President

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883, Italian
Former Duce

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891, Indian
Indian Jurist

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863, Indian
Indian Monk
Warren G. HardingWarren G. Harding
02 November 1865, American
President of the U.S

Mao ZedongMao Zedong
26 December 1893, Chinese
Communist Leader of China
Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889, Indian
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter

William McKinleyWilliam McKinley
29 January 1843, American
President of the U.S.A
Calvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge
04 July 1872, American
President of the U.S.A

William Howard TaftWilliam Howard Taft
15 September 1857, American
President of the U.S.A
James A. GarfieldJames A. Garfield
19 November 1831, American
President of the U.S.A

Benjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison
20 August 1833, American
23rd President of the United States

James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States
Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels
29 October 1897, German
German Nazi politician

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Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev
15 April 1894, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union
Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt
11 October 1884, American
Former First Lady of the United States

Robert E. LeeRobert E. Lee
19 January 1807, American
Confederate General in the American Civil War

Hermann GoringHermann Goring
12 January 1893, German
German Military Leader

Rutherford B. HayesRutherford B. Hayes
04 October 1822, American
President of the U.S.A
George PattonGeorge Patton
11 November 1885, German, American
Military Officer
Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali Jinnah
25 December 1876, Pakistani
Founder of Pakistan

Chester A. ArthurChester A. Arthur
05 October 1829, American
21st President of the USA

Franklin PierceFranklin Pierce
23 November 1804, American
 

Millard FillmoreMillard Fillmore
07 January 1800, American
President of the U.S.A
Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
23 July 1892, Ethiopian
Former Emperor of Ethiopia

Jefferson DavisJefferson Davis
03 June 1808, American
Former President of the Confederate States of

Clement AttleeClement Attlee
03 January 1883, British
Former British Prime Minister

Francisco FrancoFrancisco Franco
04 December 1892, Spanish
Former Caudillo of Spain

Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur
26 January 1880, American
 
Jose RizalJose Rizal
19 June 1861, Filipino
 

James MonroeJames Monroe
28 April 1758, American
Fifth President of the USA
Charles de GaulleCharles de Gaulle
22 November 1890, French
Former President of France

Otto von BismarckOtto von Bismarck
01 April 1815, German
German Statesman

Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
31 October 1875, Indian
Iron Man of India
Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi
28 September 1835, Indian
Spiritual Guru

Mustafa Kemal AtaturkMustafa Kemal Ataturk
19 May 1881, Turkish
Founder of the Republic of Turkey,
Georgy ZhukovGeorgy Zhukov
01 December 1896, Russian
Military Commander

Neville ChamberlainNeville Chamberlain
18 March 1869, British
Prime Minister of the U.K.

Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
31 October 1887, Chinese
President of the Republic of China

Rudolf HessRudolf Hess
26 April 1894, German
Deputy Führer

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Archduke Franz Ferdinand
18 December 1863, Austrian
The person whose assassination sparked the First
Paul von HindenburgPaul von Hindenburg
02 October 1847, German
General, Second President of Weimar Republic

William Tecumseh ShermanWilliam Tecumseh Sherman
08 February 1820, American
General in the Union Army During the American

Napoleon IIINapoleon III
20 April 1808, French
Emperor of the Second French Empire

Huey LongHuey Long
30 August 1893, American
Politician
Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh
19 May 1890, Vietnamese
Former PM and President of Democratic Republic of

Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito
07 May 1892, Yugoslav
 
Robert Todd LincolnRobert Todd Lincoln
01 August 1843, American
Politician, Son of Abraham Lincoln

Alexander III of RussiaAlexander III of Russia
10 March 1845, Russian
Former Emperor of All Russia

George Armstrong CusterGeorge Armstrong Custer
05 December 1839, American
Military Officer
Booker T. WashingtonBooker T. Washington
05 April 1856, American
 

Sitting BullSitting Bull
1831 AD, American
Warrior
GeronimoGeronimo
16 June 1829, American
Leader

Andres BonifacioAndres Bonifacio
30 November 1863, Filipino
Filipino Revolutionary

Maulana Abul Kalam AzadMaulana Abul Kalam Azad
11 November 1888, Indian
Indian scholar
Stonewall JacksonStonewall Jackson
21 January 1824, American
General

Marcus Mosiah Garvey JrMarcus Garvey
17 August 1887, Jamaican
Political leader
Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895, Indian
Public Speaker & Philosopher

Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad
03 December 1884, Indian
Former President of India

Nicholas I of RussiaNicholas I of Russia
06 July 1796, Russian
Emperor of Russia

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Emilio AguinaldoEmilio Aguinaldo
22 March 1869, Filipino
First President of the Philippines
Isoroku YamamotoIsoroku Yamamoto
04 April 1884, Japanese
Japanese Naval Officer Who Conceived The Pearl

Henry A. WallaceHenry A. Wallace
07 October 1888, American
33rd Vice President of the U.S.A.

Juan PerónJuan Perón
08 October 1895, Argentinian
President of Argentina

Philippe PétainPhilippe Pétain
24 April 1856, French
Marshal of France
David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George
17 January 1863, British, Welsh
Former Chancellor of the Exchequer

Pancho VillaPancho Villa
05 June 1878, Mexican
General

Sun Yat Sen Sun Yat Sen
12 November 1866, Chinese
Chinese Revolutionary and 'Father of Modern china'

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871, German, Polish
Marxist Theorist

John C. BreckinridgeJohn C. Breckinridge
16 January 1821, American
Former Vice President of the United States
Benjamin DisraeliBenjamin Disraeli
21 December 1804, British
British Prime Minister

William Jennings BryanWilliam Jennings Bryan
19 March 1860, American
Former United States Secretary of State
Ibn SaudIbn Saud
15 January 1876, Saudi Arabian
Monarch

Golda MeirGolda Meir
03 May 1898, Israeli, Ukrainian
Former Prime Minister of Israel
Michael CollinsMichael Collins
16 October 1890, Irish
Politician
Brigham Young Brigham Young
01 June 1801, American
Second President of the Church of Jesus Christ of