19th century was a period of great political transformation. The Spanish, Napoleonic, Holy Roman and Mughal Empire gave way to the British, Russian, and French empires to take over. United States of America rose at a formidable rate, becoming the new World Leader. As much as the political landscape of the world witnessed a huge makeover, so did the economic policies as Industrial Revolution and globalisation grew on a large scale. In a period of rapid accelerating growth, the advancements that the century made would barely had been possible had it not been for the eminent leaders. Be it French military and political leader Napoleon Bonaparte who revolutionized Europe in his autocratic style and cemented the ideas of French Revolution or Queen Victoria who brought about a rapid social and political change in ever expanding British Empire, 19th century boasts of having a long list of significant rulers who changed the panorama of the world. While Abraham Lincoln took over the reign of United States of America for the better part of the 19th century, Italy was led by Giuseppe Mazzini and Kaiser Wilhelm II served as the last emperor of Germany. However, these are just a handful of many more prolific leaders that the century had. Explore this section to know more about the famous leaders of the 19th century.
Queen Victoria Queen Victoria

24 May 1819

British

Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi

02 October 1869

Indian

Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln

12 February 1809

American

Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill

30 November 1874

British

Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin

18 December 1878

Georgian,Russian

Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt

27 October 1858

American

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose

23 January 1897

Indian

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar

14 April 1891

Indian

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda

12 January 1863

Indian

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru

14 November 1889

Indian

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini

29 July 1883

Italian

Harry S. TrumanHarry S. Truman

08 May 1884

American

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Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin

22 April 1870

Russian

Mao ZedongMao Zedong

26 December 1893

Chinese

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky

07 November 1879

Russian,Ukrainian,Russian

Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson

28 December 1856

American

Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant

27 April 1822

American

Herbert HooverHerbert Hoover

10 August 1874

American

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Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman

1820 AD

American

Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland

18 March 1837

American

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev

15 April 1894

Russian,Russian

Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels

29 October 1897

German

Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson

29 December 1808

American

Robert E. LeeRobert E. Lee

19 January 1807

American

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William McKinleyWilliam McKinley

29 January 1843

American

Warren G. HardingWarren G. Harding

02 November 1865

American

Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali Jinnah

25 December 1876

Pakistani

Anthony EdenAnthony Eden

12 June 1897

British

Francisco FrancoFrancisco Franco

04 December 1892

Spanish

William Howard TaftWilliam Howard Taft

15 September 1857

American

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Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur

26 January 1880

American

Calvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge

04 July 1872

American

Otto von BismarckOtto von Bismarck

01 April 1815

German

James A. GarfieldJames A. Garfield

19 November 1831

American

John French, 1st Earl of YpresJohn French, 1st Earl of Ypres

28 September 1852

British

Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt

11 October 1884

American

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Haile SelassieHaile Selassie

23 July 1892

Ethiopian

Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek

31 October 1887

Chinese

Booker T. WashingtonBooker T. Washington

05 April 1856

American

Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi

28 September 1835

Indian

Rudolf HessRudolf Hess

26 April 1894

German

Chester A. ArthurChester A. Arthur

05 October 1829

American

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Charles de GaulleCharles de Gaulle

22 November 1890

French

Marcus Mosiah Garvey JrMarcus Garvey

17 August 1887

Jamaican

Neville ChamberlainNeville Chamberlain

18 March 1869

British

Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh

19 May 1890

Vietnamese

Jefferson DavisJefferson Davis

03 June 1808

American

Napoleon IIINapoleon III

20 April 1808

French

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Franklin PierceFranklin Pierce

23 November 1804

American

Pancho VillaPancho Villa

05 June 1878

Mexican

Benjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison

20 August 1833

American

James MonroeJames Monroe

28 April 1758

American

Georgy ZhukovGeorgy Zhukov

01 December 1896

Russian

Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito

07 May 1892

Yugoslav

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Sitting BullSitting Bull

1831 AD

American

Millard FillmoreMillard Fillmore

07 January 1800

American

Rutherford B. HayesRutherford B. Hayes

04 October 1822

American

George Armstrong CusterGeorge Armstrong Custer

05 December 1839

American

Bal Gangadhar TilakBal Gangadhar Tilak

23 July 1856

Indian

Robert Todd LincolnRobert Todd Lincoln

01 August 1843

American

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William Tecumseh ShermanWilliam Tecumseh Sherman

08 February 1820

American

Clement AttleeClement Attlee

03 January 1883

British

Ibn SaudIbn Saud

15 January 1876

Saudi Arabian

Stonewall JacksonStonewall Jackson

21 January 1824

American

Paul von HindenburgPaul von Hindenburg

02 October 1847

German

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg

05 March 1871

German,Polish

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Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad

03 December 1884

Indian

Morarji DesaiMorarji Desai

29 February 1896

Indian

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan

05 September 1888

Indian

GeronimoGeronimo

16 June 1829

American

Alexander III of RussiaAlexander III of Russia

10 March 1845

Russian

Benjamin DisraeliBenjamin Disraeli

21 December 1804

British

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Juan PerónJuan Perón

08 October 1895

Argentinian

Huey LongHuey Long

30 August 1893

American

David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George

17 January 1863

British,Welsh

Emiliano ZapataEmiliano Zapata

08 August 1879

Mexican

Isoroku YamamotoIsoroku Yamamoto

04 April 1884

Japanese

Golda MeirGolda Meir

03 May 1898

Israeli,Ukrainian

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Philippe PétainPhilippe Pétain

24 April 1856

French

Nathan Bedford ForrestNathan Bedford Forrest

13 July 1821

American

Brigham Young Brigham Young

01 June 1801

American