19th century was a period of great political transformation. The Spanish, Napoleonic, Holy Roman and Mughal Empire gave way to the British, Russian, and French empires to take over. United States of America rose at a formidable rate, becoming the new World Leader. As much as the political landscape of the world witnessed a huge makeover, so did the economic policies as Industrial Revolution and globalisation grew on a large scale. In a period of rapid accelerating growth, the advancements that the century made would barely had been possible had it not been for the eminent leaders. Be it French military and political leader Napoleon Bonaparte who revolutionized Europe in his autocratic style and cemented the ideas of French Revolution or Queen Victoria who brought about a rapid social and political change in ever expanding British Empire, 19th century boasts of having a long list of significant rulers who changed the panorama of the world. While Abraham Lincoln took over the reign of United States of America for the better part of the 19th century, Italy was led by Giuseppe Mazzini and Kaiser Wilhelm II served as the last emperor of Germany. However, these are just a handful of many more prolific leaders that the century had. Explore this section to know more about the famous leaders of the 19th century.
Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869, Indian
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Queen Victoria Queen Victoria
24 May 1819, British
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln
12 February 1809, American
American President.

Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin
18 December 1878, Georgian, Russian
Communist Revolutionary & Ruler of former USSR

Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt
27 October 1858, American
26th U.S. President

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889, Indian
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter
Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888, Indian
Confident, Ambitious

B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891, Indian
Indian jurist

Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman
1820 AD, American
 

Mao ZedongMao Zedong
26 December 1893, Chinese
Communist Leader of China
Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883, Italian
Former Duce

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897, Indian
 
Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Russian Revolutionary & Head of Communist Party

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863, Indian
Leader

Harry S. TrumanHarry S. Truman
08 May 1884, American
33rd President of the United States
Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson
29 December 1808, American
 

Francisco FrancoFrancisco Franco
04 December 1892, Spanish
Dictator of Spain
Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant
27 April 1822, American
President of the U.S.A

Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali Jinnah
25 December 1876, Pakistani
Founder of Pakistan

Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson
28 December 1856, American
Father of the League of Nations
Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels
29 October 1897, German
German Nazi politician

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army
Herbert HooverHerbert Hoover
10 August 1874, American
31st U.S. President

Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi
28 September 1835, Indian
Spiritual Guru

William McKinleyWilliam McKinley
29 January 1843, American
President of the U.S.A

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev
15 April 1894, Russian, Russian
Prime Minister of Soviet Union
Anthony EdenAnthony Eden
12 June 1897, British
Prime Minister of UK
Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur
26 January 1880, American
 

Otto von BismarckOtto von Bismarck
01 April 1815, German
German Statesman

Robert E. LeeRobert E. Lee
19 January 1807, American
Confederate General in the American Civil War

James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States
Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
31 October 1887, Chinese
President of the Republic of China

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Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland
18 March 1837, American
President of the U.S.A

William Howard TaftWilliam Howard Taft
15 September 1857, American
President of the U.S.A

Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
23 July 1892, Ethiopian
Former Emperor of Ethiopia

Warren G. HardingWarren G. Harding
02 November 1865, American
President of the U.S
Bal Gangadhar TilakBal Gangadhar Tilak
23 July 1856, Indian
Indian teacher

James A. GarfieldJames A. Garfield
19 November 1831, American
President of the U.S.A
Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt
11 October 1884, American
Wife of American President Franklin Delano

Calvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge
04 July 1872, American
President of the U.S.A

Charles de GaulleCharles de Gaulle
22 November 1890, French
Former President of France
Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh
19 May 1890, Vietnamese
Former PM and President of Democratic Republic of

Rudolf HessRudolf Hess
26 April 1894, German
Deputy Führer
Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito
07 May 1892, Yugoslav
 

Neville ChamberlainNeville Chamberlain
18 March 1869, British
Prime Minister of the U.K.

Napoleon IIINapoleon III
20 April 1808, French
Emperor of the Second French Empire

Alexander III of RussiaAlexander III of Russia
10 March 1845, Russian
Former Emperor of All Russia

Jefferson DavisJefferson Davis
03 June 1808, American
Former President of the Confederate States of
Motilal NehruMotilal Nehru
06 May 1861, Indian
Political Leader

Paul von HindenburgPaul von Hindenburg
02 October 1847, German
General, Second President of Weimar Republic

George Armstrong CusterGeorge Armstrong Custer
05 December 1839, American
Military Officer

Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad
03 December 1884, Indian
Former President of India
Pancho VillaPancho Villa
05 June 1878, Mexican
General

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Marcus Mosiah Garvey JrMarcus Garvey
17 August 1887, Jamaican
Political leader

William Tecumseh ShermanWilliam Tecumseh Sherman
08 February 1820, American
General in the Union Army During the American

GeronimoGeronimo
16 June 1829, American
Leader
Clement AttleeClement Attlee
03 January 1883, British
Former British Prime Minister

Chester A. ArthurChester A. Arthur
05 October 1829, American
21st President of the USA
Ibn SaudIbn Saud
15 January 1876, Saudi Arabian
Monarch

James MonroeJames Monroe
28 April 1758, American
Fifth President of the USA

Benjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison
20 August 1833, American
23rd President of the United States
Morarji DesaiMorarji Desai
29 February 1896, Indian
Politician, Prime Minister of India

Booker T. WashingtonBooker T. Washington
05 April 1856, American
 
Rutherford B. HayesRutherford B. Hayes
04 October 1822, American
President of the U.S.A

Huey LongHuey Long
30 August 1893, American
Politician

Millard FillmoreMillard Fillmore
07 January 1800, American
President of the U.S.A

Franklin PierceFranklin Pierce
23 November 1804, American
 
Georgy ZhukovGeorgy Zhukov
01 December 1896, Russian
Military Commander
Therese of LisieuxThérèse of Lisieux
02 January 1873, French
Nun

Sitting BullSitting Bull
1831 AD, American
Warrior

Brigham Young Brigham Young
01 June 1801, American
Second President of the Church of Jesus Christ of

Robert Todd LincolnRobert Todd Lincoln
01 August 1843, American
Politician, Son of Abraham Lincoln
David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George
17 January 1863, British, Welsh
Former Chancellor of the Exchequer

George HearstGeorge Hearst
03 September 1820, American
Former United States Senator

Stonewall JacksonStonewall Jackson
21 January 1824, American
General

Juan PerónJuan Perón
08 October 1895, Argentinian
President of Argentina

Benjamin DisraeliBenjamin Disraeli
21 December 1804, British
British Prime Minister
Manuel L. QuezonManuel L. Quezon
19 August 1878, Filipino
Former President of the Philippines

Golda MeirGolda Meir
03 May 1898, Israeli, Ukrainian
Former Prime Minister of Israel
Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895, Indian
Public Speaker & Philosopher

Emilio AguinaldoEmilio Aguinaldo
22 March 1869, Filipino
First President of the Philippines

Philippe PétainPhilippe Pétain
24 April 1856, French
Marshal of France
Nathan Bedford ForrestNathan Bedford Forrest
13 July 1821, American
Military commander

Manuela SáenzManuela Sáenz
27 December 1797, Ecuadorian
Revolutionary
Sri AurobindoSri Aurobindo
15 August 1872, Indian
Political and Spiritual Leader

Giuseppe GaribaldiGiuseppe Garibaldi
04 July 1807, Italian
Italian Nationalist

David Ben-GurionDavid Ben-Gurion
16 October 1886, Israeli
 

Isoroku YamamotoIsoroku Yamamoto
04 April 1884, Japanese
Japanese Naval Officer Who Conceived The Pearl
Liaquat Ali KhanLiaquat Ali Khan
01 October 1895, Pakistani
First Prime Minister of Pakistan

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871, German, Polish
Marxist Theorist
Emiliano ZapataEmiliano Zapata
08 August 1879, Mexican
Mexican Political figure

Henry A. WallaceHenry A. Wallace
07 October 1888, American
33rd Vice President of the U.S.A.
William Jennings BryanWilliam Jennings Bryan
19 March 1860, American
Former United States Secretary of State

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount MelbourneWilliam Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
15 March 1779, British
Former British Prime Minister
Lala Lajpat RaiLala Lajpat Rai
28 January 1865, Indian
Freedom Fighter