19th century was a period of great political transformation. The Spanish, Napoleonic, Holy Roman and Mughal Empire gave way to the British, Russian, and French empires to take over. United States of America rose at a formidable rate, becoming the new World Leader. As much as the political landscape of the world witnessed a huge makeover, so did the economic policies as Industrial Revolution and globalisation grew on a large scale. In a period of rapid accelerating growth, the advancements that the century made would barely had been possible had it not been for the eminent leaders. Be it French military and political leader Napoleon Bonaparte who revolutionized Europe in his autocratic style and cemented the ideas of French Revolution or Queen Victoria who brought about a rapid social and political change in ever expanding British Empire, 19th century boasts of having a long list of significant rulers who changed the panorama of the world. While Abraham Lincoln took over the reign of United States of America for the better part of the 19th century, Italy was led by Giuseppe Mazzini and Kaiser Wilhelm II served as the last emperor of Germany. However, these are just a handful of many more prolific leaders that the century had. Explore this section to know more about the famous leaders of the 19th century.
Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869, Indian
Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Queen Victoria Queen Victoria
24 May 1819, British
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln
12 February 1809, American
American President.

Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin
18 December 1878, Georgian, Russian
Communist Revolutionary & Ruler of former USSR

Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt
27 October 1858, American
26th U.S. President

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
14 November 1889, Indian
First PM of India & Freedom Fighter
B. R. AmbedkarB. R. Ambedkar
14 April 1891, Indian
Indian jurist

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Russian Revolutionary & Head of Communist Party

Mao ZedongMao Zedong
26 December 1893, Chinese
Communist Leader of China

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883, Italian
Former Duce
Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra Bose
23 January 1897, Indian
 

Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant
27 April 1822, American
President of the U.S.A
Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman
1820 AD, American
 

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863, Indian
Leader

Harry S. TrumanHarry S. Truman
08 May 1884, American
33rd President of the United States
Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels
29 October 1897, German
German Nazi politician

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army
Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali Jinnah
25 December 1876, Pakistani
 

Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson
28 December 1856, American
Father of the League of Nations

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev
15 April 1894, Russian, Russian
Prime Minister of Soviet Union
Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur
26 January 1880, American
 

Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson
29 December 1808, American
 
Robert E. LeeRobert E. Lee
19 January 1807, American
Confederate General in the American Civil War

Bal Gangadhar TilakBal Gangadhar Tilak
23 July 1856, Indian
Indian teacher

Herbert HooverHerbert Hoover
10 August 1874, American
31st U.S. President

Alexander III of RussiaAlexander III of Russia
10 March 1845, Russian
Former Emperor of All Russia
Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
23 July 1892, Ethiopian
Former Emperor of Ethiopia
Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi
28 September 1835, Indian
Spiritual Guru

Grover ClevelandGrover Cleveland
18 March 1837, American
President of the U.S.A

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
05 September 1888, Indian
Confident, Ambitious

Francisco FrancoFrancisco Franco
04 December 1892, Spanish
Dictator of Spain
Anthony EdenAnthony Eden
12 June 1897, British
Prime Minister of UK

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Otto von BismarckOtto von Bismarck
01 April 1815, German
German Statesman

William McKinleyWilliam McKinley
29 January 1843, American
President of the U.S.A

Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
31 October 1887, Chinese
President of the Republic of China

Charles de GaulleCharles de Gaulle
22 November 1890, French
Former President of France
Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt
11 October 1884, American
Wife of American President Franklin Delano

Warren G. HardingWarren G. Harding
02 November 1865, American
President of the U.S
Calvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge
04 July 1872, American
President of the U.S.A

William Howard TaftWilliam Howard Taft
15 September 1857, American
President of the U.S.A

James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States
Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito
07 May 1892, Yugoslav
 

Rudolf HessRudolf Hess
26 April 1894, German
Deputy Führer
Jefferson DavisJefferson Davis
03 June 1808, American
Former President of the Confederate States of

James A. GarfieldJames A. Garfield
19 November 1831, American
President of the U.S.A

Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh
19 May 1890, Vietnamese
Former PM and President of Democratic Republic of

Nathan Bedford ForrestNathan Bedford Forrest
13 July 1821, American
Military commander

Napoleon IIINapoleon III
20 April 1808, French
Emperor of the Second French Empire
George Armstrong CusterGeorge Armstrong Custer
05 December 1839, American
Military Officer

Manuela SáenzManuela Sáenz
27 December 1797, Ecuadorian
Revolutionary

Neville ChamberlainNeville Chamberlain
18 March 1869, British
Prime Minister of the U.K.

Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad
03 December 1884, Indian
Former President of India
William Tecumseh ShermanWilliam Tecumseh Sherman
08 February 1820, American
General in the Union Army During the American

GeronimoGeronimo
16 June 1829, American
Leader
Pancho VillaPancho Villa
05 June 1878, Mexican
General

Paul von HindenburgPaul von Hindenburg
02 October 1847, German
General, Second President of Weimar Republic

Georgy ZhukovGeorgy Zhukov
01 December 1896, Russian
Military Commander
Morarji DesaiMorarji Desai
29 February 1896, Indian
Politician, Prime Minister of India

Chester A. ArthurChester A. Arthur
05 October 1829, American
21st President of the USA
James MonroeJames Monroe
28 April 1758, American
Fifth President of the USA

Stonewall JacksonStonewall Jackson
21 January 1824, American
General

Marcus Mosiah Garvey JrMarcus Garvey
17 August 1887, Jamaican
Political leader
Clement AttleeClement Attlee
03 January 1883, British
Former British Prime Minister

Benjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison
20 August 1833, American
23rd President of the United States
Benjamin DisraeliBenjamin Disraeli
21 December 1804, British
British Prime Minister

Franklin PierceFranklin Pierce
23 November 1804, American
 

Robert Todd LincolnRobert Todd Lincoln
01 August 1843, American
Politician, Son of Abraham Lincoln

Millard FillmoreMillard Fillmore
07 January 1800, American
President of the U.S.A
Manuel L. QuezonManuel L. Quezon
19 August 1878, Filipino
Former President of the Philippines
Sitting BullSitting Bull
1831 AD, American
Warrior

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895, Indian
Public Speaker & Philosopher

Rutherford B. HayesRutherford B. Hayes
04 October 1822, American
President of the U.S.A

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Huey LongHuey Long
30 August 1893, American
Politician

Juan PerónJuan Perón
08 October 1895, Argentinian
President of Argentina

Philippe PétainPhilippe Pétain
24 April 1856, French
Marshal of France

Ibn SaudIbn Saud
15 January 1876, Saudi Arabian
Monarch

Omar N BradleyOmar Bradley
12 February 1893, American
Former U. S. Army General
David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George
17 January 1863, British, Welsh
Former Chancellor of the Exchequer

Brigham Young Brigham Young
01 June 1801, American
Second President of the Church of Jesus Christ of
Isoroku YamamotoIsoroku Yamamoto
04 April 1884, Japanese
Japanese Naval Officer Who Conceived The Pearl

Giuseppe GaribaldiGiuseppe Garibaldi
04 July 1807, Italian
Italian Nationalist

Booker T. WashingtonBooker T. Washington
05 April 1856, American
 
Birsa MundaBirsa Munda
15 November 1875, Indian
Tribal Leader Who Revolted Against the British

Liaquat Ali KhanLiaquat Ali Khan
01 October 1895, Pakistani
First Prime Minister of Pakistan
Mangal PandeyMangal Pandey
19 July 1827, Indian
Revolutionary

Golda MeirGolda Meir
03 May 1898, Israeli, Ukrainian
Former Prime Minister of Israel

Bernadette SoubirousBernadette Soubirous
07 January 1844, French
Saint

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871, German, Polish
Marxist Theorist
Sri AurobindoSri Aurobindo
15 August 1872, Indian
Political and Spiritual Leader

Annie BesantAnnie Besant
01 October 1847, British
Member of the London School Board
George MarshallGeorge Marshall
31 December 1880, American
Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army

David Ben-GurionDavid Ben-Gurion
16 October 1886, Israeli
 
C. RajagopalachariC. Rajagopalachari
10 December 1878, Indian
Politician, Independence Activist, Lawyer, Writer

William Jennings BryanWilliam Jennings Bryan
19 March 1860, American
Former United States Secretary of State
William Ewart GladstoneWilliam Ewart Gladstone
29 December 1809, British