19th century was a period of writer’s paradise – with so many literary giants and eminent authors who penned classics one after the other, how else can one describe the period? Literature flourished and burgeoned in its full bloom during the century with the world having some of the most influential writers take to pen to churn out archetypal books that have defined various literary genres. Their body of work are today considered magnum opuses. Though a century has passed on from thence, their greatness can still be felt in their books and volumes that mirror their outstanding capabilities and their monumental achievements. When Charles Dickens took to pen, out came classics such as ‘Oliver Twist’, ‘David Copperfield’ and ‘Great Expectations’ that depicted the social condition of Victorian Britain. Walt Whitman dodged convention when he came up with his literary masterpiece ‘Leaves of Grass’. Have you grown up reading the tales of the characters of Rip Van Winkle or Ichabod Crane? If yes, then you have Washington Irving to thank for your first literary experience. Ralph Waldo Emerson started what eventually became known as Era of Transcendentalism in literature when he penned his essays. However, these are just a handful of the numerous magnificent writers that 19th century bestowed upon us. It is to these great legendary litterateurs that we have this segment here. Read on to find out more about famous writers of the 19th century.
Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway
21 July 1899, American
Mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi
02 October 1869, Indian
Leader of Indian Independence Movement

Helen KellerHelen Keller
27 June 1880, American

J. R. R. TolkienJ. R. R. Tolkien
03 January 1892, British, South African

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
13 April 1743, American
3rd U.S. President

Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861, Indian
Oscar WildeOscar Wilde
16 October 1854, Irish
Playwright, Poet & Novelist

Charles DickensCharles Dickens
07 February 1812, British

Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
19 January 1809, American
Mark Twain ImageMark Twain
30 November 1835, American

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809, British
Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley
12 October 1875, British

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy
09 September 1828, Russian

F. Scott FitzgeraldF. Scott Fitzgerald
24 September 1896, American

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka
03 July 1883, Austrian

Virginia WoolfVirginia Woolf
25 January 1882, British
C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898, Irish, British

Jose RizalJose Rizal
19 June 1861, Filipino

Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass
01 February 1818, American
American orator

Emily DickinsonEmily Dickinson
10 December 1830, American
Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky
11 November 1821, Russian
Novelist & Philosopher

Lord ByronLord Byron
22 January 1788, British
Poet, Politician
Rudyard KiplingRudyard Kipling
30 December 1865, British
Journalist, Poet & Novelist

Robert FrostRobert Frost
26 March 1874, American

George Bernard ShawGeorge Bernard Shaw
26 July 1856, Irish
Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau
12 July 1817, American
Writer and Philosopher

W. E. B. Du BoisW. E. B. Du Bois
23 February 1868, Ghanaian
Civil Rights Activists
Sir Arthur Conan DoyleSir Arthur Conan Doyle
22 May 1859, British, Scottish
Writer & Physician

Beatrix PotterBeatrix Potter
28 July 1866, British

H. G. WellsH. G. Wells
21 September 1866, British
Ralph Waldo EmersionRalph Waldo Emerson
25 May 1803, American
American Lecturer, Philosopher, Essayist & Poet

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William BlakeWilliam Blake
28 November 1757, British
Painter, Poet
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer

T. S. EliotT. S. Eliot
26 September 1888, American
Poet, Essayist, Playwright

Aldous HuxleyAldous Huxley
26 July 1894, British, American

Victor HugoVictor Hugo
26 February 1802, French
Novelist & Poet
James JoyceJames Joyce
02 February 1882, Irish
Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832, British
Novelist, Mathematician & Photographer

Laura Ingalls WilderLaura Ingalls Wilder
07 February 1867, American
American writer

Alexandre DumasAlexandre Dumas
24 July 1802, French

Hans Christian AndersenHans Christian Andersen
02 April 1805, Danish
Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade
02 June 1740, French
Erotic Novelist

Walt WhitmanWalt Whitman
31 May 1819, American
Poet & humanist

William FaulknerWilliam Faulkner
25 September 1897, American
Writer, Nobel Laureate

Joseph ConradJoseph Conrad
03 December 1857, Polish, Ukrainian, British

Enid BlytonEnid Blyton
11 August 1897, British
John Maynard KeynesJohn Maynard Keynes
05 June 1883, British

Robert Louis StevensonRobert Louis Stevenson
13 November 1850, Scottish
Novelist, Poet
Jules VerneJules Verne
08 February 1828, French

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
26 April 1889, Austrian, British

Jack LondonJack London
12 January 1876, American
Novelist & Journalist
Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal
09 November 1877, Pakistani
Poet & Philosopher

Vladimir NabokovVladimir Nabokov
22 April 1899, Swiss, American, Russian
Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879, Indian
Poet and Freedom Fighter

Anton ChekhovAnton Chekhov
29 January 1860, German, Russian
Playwright, Short-story writer

Charlotte BronteCharlotte Bronte
21 April 1816, British

28 January 1873, French

Thomas HardyThomas Hardy
02 June 1840, British
Novelist & Poet
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German

Gertrude SteinGertrude Stein
03 February 1874, American
American novelist

W B YeatsW B Yeats
13 June 1865, Irish

Bram StokerBram Stoker
08 November 1847, Irish
Creator of Dracula
John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806, British
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.

D. H. LawrenceD. H. Lawrence
11 September 1885, British
Buffalo BillBuffalo Bill
26 February 1846, American

Upton SinclairUpton Sinclair
20 September 1878, American
American writer

John RuskinJohn Ruskin
08 February 1819, British
Art Critic and Painter
Khalil GibranKhalil Gibran
06 January 1883, Lebanese

Alexander PushkinAlexander Pushkin
06 June 1799, Russian
Poet, playwright
Marcel ProustMarcel Proust
10 July 1871, French
Novelist & Critic

Louisa May AlcottLouisa May Alcott
29 November 1832, American

Gilbert K. ChestertonGilbert K. Chesterton
29 May 1874, British
Ezra PoundEzra Pound
30 October 1885, American

Emily BrontëEmily Brontë
30 July 1818, British
George EliotGeorge Eliot
22 November 1819, British
Poet & Novelist

Jorge Luis BorgesJorge Luis Borges
24 August 1899, Argentinian
Poet & Short Story Writer

A. A. MilneA. A. Milne
18 January 1882, British
Novelist, Playwright, Poet

Herman MelvilleHerman Melville
01 August 1819, American
Bertolt BrechtBertolt Brecht
10 February 1898, German
Poet, Playwright
Henry JamesHenry James
15 April 1843, American

John J. PershingJohn J. Pershing
13 September 1860, American
US Army Officer During WW I

Alfred Lord TennysonAlfred Lord Tennyson
05 August 1809, British

Emile ZolaEmile Zola
02 April 1840, French
Novelist, Playwright
Sir Noël Peirce CowardSir Noël Peirce Coward
16 December 1899, British

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817, Indian
Founder of Aligarh Muslim University

Dorothy ParkerDorothy Parker
22 August 1893, American

Hermann HesseHermann Hesse
02 July 1877, Swiss, German
Poet & Novelist

Nathaniel HawthorneNathaniel Hawthorne
04 July 1804, American
American Novelist
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill Eugene O'Neill
16 October 1888, American

Charles BaudelaireCharles Baudelaire
09 April 1821, French
Emma GoldmanEmma Goldman
27 June 1869, American

Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772, British
Paul Thomas MannThomas Mann
06 June 1875, Swiss, German
Novelist, Short Story Writer
Munshi PremchandMunshi Premchand
31 July 1880, Indian
Novelist and Author