19th century was a period of writer’s paradise – with so many literary giants and eminent authors who penned classics one after the other, how else can one describe the period? Literature flourished and burgeoned in its full bloom during the century with the world having some of the most influential writers take to pen to churn out archetypal books that have defined various literary genres. Their body of work are today considered magnum opuses. Though a century has passed on from thence, their greatness can still be felt in their books and volumes that mirror their outstanding capabilities and their monumental achievements. When Charles Dickens took to pen, out came classics such as ‘Oliver Twist’, ‘David Copperfield’ and ‘Great Expectations’ that depicted the social condition of Victorian Britain. Walt Whitman dodged convention when he came up with his literary masterpiece ‘Leaves of Grass’. Have you grown up reading the tales of the characters of Rip Van Winkle or Ichabod Crane? If yes, then you have Washington Irving to thank for your first literary experience. Ralph Waldo Emerson started what eventually became known as Era of Transcendentalism in literature when he penned his essays. However, these are just a handful of the numerous magnificent writers that 19th century bestowed upon us. It is to these great legendary litterateurs that we have this segment here. Read on to find out more about famous writers of the 19th century.
J. R. R. TolkienJ. R. R. Tolkien
03 January 1892, British, South African
Writer
Helen KellerHelen Keller
27 June 1880, American
Author

Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway
21 July 1899, American
Journalist

Oscar WildeOscar Wilde
16 October 1854, Irish
Playwright

Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
19 January 1809, American
Writer

Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861, Indian
Poet
Charles DickensCharles Dickens
07 February 1812, British
Writer

Mark Twain ImageMark Twain
30 November 1835, American
Writer

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy
09 September 1828, Russian
 
Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army

Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley
12 October 1875, British
Occultist
Virginia WoolfVirginia Woolf
25 January 1882, British
Novelist

Louisa May AlcottLouisa May Alcott
29 November 1832, American
Writer

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898, Irish, British
Novelist

F. Scott FitzgeraldF. Scott Fitzgerald
24 September 1896, American
Novelist

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka
03 July 1883, Austrian
Novelist
Alexandre DumasAlexandre Dumas
24 July 1802, French
 

Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau
12 July 1817, American
Writer and Philosopher

Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky
11 November 1821, Russian
Russian novelist

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer
Emily DickinsonEmily Dickinson
10 December 1830, American
Poet

Ralph Waldo EmersionRalph Waldo Emerson
25 May 1803, American
American Lecturer, Philosopher, Essayist & Poet
George Bernard ShawGeorge Bernard Shaw
26 July 1856, Irish
Playwright

Lord ByronLord Byron
22 January 1788, British
Poet, Politician

Laura Ingalls WilderLaura Ingalls Wilder
07 February 1867, American
American writer
Rudyard KiplingRudyard Kipling
30 December 1865, British
Author & Poet

H. G. WellsH. G. Wells
21 September 1866, British
Writer
Aldous HuxleyAldous Huxley
26 July 1894, British, American
Writer

T. S. EliotT. S. Eliot
26 September 1888, American
Poet

Joseph ConradJoseph Conrad
03 December 1857, Polish, Ukrainian, British
Writer
Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832, British
Author, Mathematician and Photographer

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James JoyceJames Joyce
02 February 1882, Irish
Writer
Victor HugoVictor Hugo
26 February 1802, French
Author & Poet

Robert FrostRobert Frost
26 March 1874, American
Poet

Francis Scott KeyFrancis Scott Key
01 August 1779, American
Lawyer

A. A. MilneA. A. Milne
18 January 1882, British
Novelist, Playwright, Poet
Jack LondonJack London
12 January 1876, American
Author
George EliotGeorge Eliot
22 November 1819, British
Author and Novelist

Hans Christian AndersenHans Christian Andersen
02 April 1805, Danish
 

Walt WhitmanWalt Whitman
31 May 1819, American
Poet & humanist

Jules VerneJules Verne
08 February 1828, French
Writer
William FaulknerWilliam Faulkner
25 September 1897, American
Writer, Nobel Laureate

Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade
02 June 1740, French
Erotic Novelist

Robert Louis StevensonRobert Louis Stevenson
13 November 1850, Scottish
Novelist, Poet

P. L. TraversP. L. Travers
09 August 1899, Australian, British
Writer

Anton ChekhovAnton Chekhov
29 January 1860, German, Russian
 
Marcel ProustMarcel Proust
10 July 1871, French
French novelist

Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal
09 November 1877, Pakistani
Poet & Philosopher
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist

Vladimir NabokovVladimir Nabokov
22 April 1899, Swiss, American, Russian
Novelist

Herman MelvilleHerman Melville
01 August 1819, American
 
Enid BlytonEnid Blyton
11 August 1897, British
Writer

John RuskinJohn Ruskin
08 February 1819, British
Art Critic and Painter
Dorothy ParkerDorothy Parker
22 August 1893, American
Poet

Beatrix PotterBeatrix Potter
28 July 1866, British
Author

Emily BrontëEmily Brontë
30 July 1818, British
Novelist

Alexander PushkinAlexander Pushkin
06 June 1799, Russian
Poet

Thomas HardyThomas Hardy
02 June 1840, British
Novelist & Poet
Ezra PoundEzra Pound
30 October 1885, American
Poet

Alice Roosevelt LongworthAlice Roosevelt Longworth
12 February 1884, American
Writer

Bertolt BrechtBertolt Brecht
10 February 1898, German
Poet

Jorge Luis BorgesJorge Luis Borges
24 August 1899, Argentinian
Poet
D. H. LawrenceD. H. Lawrence
11 September 1885, British
Novelist

Buffalo BillBuffalo Bill
26 February 1846, American
Hunter
Bram StokerBram Stoker
08 November 1847, Irish
Creator of Dracula

John J. PershingJohn J. Pershing
13 September 1860, American
US Army Officer During WW I

Gertrude SteinGertrude Stein
03 February 1874, American
American novelist
Emma GoldmanEmma Goldman
27 June 1869, American
Writer

Henry JamesHenry James
15 April 1843, American
Writer
Hermann HesseHermann Hesse
02 July 1877, Swiss, German
Poet

Eugene Gladstone O'Neill Eugene O'Neill
16 October 1888, American
Playwright

Harriet Beecher StoweHarriet Beecher Stowe
14 June 1811, American
American author
Nathaniel HawthorneNathaniel Hawthorne
04 July 1804, American
American Novelist

Rainer Maria RilkeRainer Maria Rilke
04 December 1875, Austrian
Poet & Novelist
Zora Neale HurstonZora Neale Hurston
07 January 1891, American
Folklorist, Anthropologist

E. M. ForsterE. M. Forster
01 January 1879, British
Writer

Upton SinclairUpton Sinclair
20 September 1878, American
American writer

Lucy Maud MontgomeryLucy Maud Montgomery
30 November 1874, Canadian
Author
William Morris William Morris
24 March 1834, British
Textile Designer, Poet
Napoleon HillNapoleon Hill
26 October 1883, American
Writer of personal-success literature

Paul Thomas MannThomas Mann
06 June 1875, Swiss, German
Novelist, Short Story Writer

Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879, Indian
Poet and Freedom Fighter

Charles BaudelaireCharles Baudelaire
09 April 1821, French
Poet
ColetteColette
28 January 1873, French
Novelist

Henrik IbsenHenrik Ibsen
20 March 1828, Norwegian
Playwright, Poet.

Arthur RimbaudArthur Rimbaud
20 October 1854, French
Poet

Henry Morton StanleyHenry Morton Stanley
28 January 1841, British, American, Welsh
Explorer

Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899, Bangladeshi, Indian
National Poet of Bangladesh
Gertrude BellGertrude Bell
14 July 1868, British
Writer, Diplomat

Raymond ChandlerRaymond Chandler
23 July 1888, American
Novelist and Screenwriter
Federico García LorcaFederico García Lorca
05 June 1898, Spanish
Poet

Edgar Rice BurroughsEdgar Rice Burroughs
01 September 1875, American
Creator of Tarzan
George SandGeorge Sand
01 July 1804, French
 
Maxim GorkyMaxim Gorky
28 March 1868, Russian
Writer & Dramatist