19th century was a period of writer’s paradise – with so many literary giants and eminent authors who penned classics one after the other, how else can one describe the period? Literature flourished and burgeoned in its full bloom during the century with the world having some of the most influential writers take to pen to churn out archetypal books that have defined various literary genres. Their body of work are today considered magnum opuses. Though a century has passed on from thence, their greatness can still be felt in their books and volumes that mirror their outstanding capabilities and their monumental achievements. When Charles Dickens took to pen, out came classics such as ‘Oliver Twist’, ‘David Copperfield’ and ‘Great Expectations’ that depicted the social condition of Victorian Britain. Walt Whitman dodged convention when he came up with his literary masterpiece ‘Leaves of Grass’. Have you grown up reading the tales of the characters of Rip Van Winkle or Ichabod Crane? If yes, then you have Washington Irving to thank for your first literary experience. Ralph Waldo Emerson started what eventually became known as Era of Transcendentalism in literature when he penned his essays. However, these are just a handful of the numerous magnificent writers that 19th century bestowed upon us. It is to these great legendary litterateurs that we have this segment here. Read on to find out more about famous writers of the 19th century.
J. R. R. TolkienJ. R. R. Tolkien
03 January 1892, British, South African
Writer
Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway
21 July 1899, American
Journalist

Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
07 May 1861, Indian
Poet and Author

Helen KellerHelen Keller
27 June 1880, American
Writer, Member of Socialist Party of America,

Oscar WildeOscar Wilde
16 October 1854, Irish
Playwright

Charles DickensCharles Dickens
07 February 1812, British
Writer
Agatha ChristieAgatha Christie
15 September 1890, British
 

Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley
12 October 1875, British
 

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka
03 July 1883, Austrian
Novelist

Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
19 January 1809, American
Author, Poet, Editor and Literary Critic
Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army

Mark TwainMark Twain
30 November 1835, American
Author and Humorist
Virginia WoolfVirginia Woolf
25 January 1882, British
Novelist

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898, Irish, British
Novelist

Gertrude BellGertrude Bell
14 July 1868, British
Writer, Diplomat
Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy
09 September 1828, Russian
 

P L TraversP. L. Travers
09 August 1899, Australian
Writer & Journalist
Rudyard KiplingRudyard Kipling
30 December 1865, British
Author & Poet

F. Scott FitzgeraldF. Scott Fitzgerald
24 September 1896, American
Novelist

Lord ByronLord Byron
22 January 1788, British
Poet, Politician
Robert FrostRobert Frost
26 March 1874, American
Poet

T. S. EliotT. S. Eliot
26 September 1888, American
Poet
Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
13 February 1879, Indian
Poet and Freedom Fighter

Hans Christian AndersenHans Christian Andersen
02 April 1805, Danish
 

Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky
11 November 1821, Russian
Russian novelist

Victor HugoVictor Hugo
26 February 1802, French
Author & Poet
Aldous HuxleyAldous Huxley
26 July 1894, British, American
Writer
Walt WhitmanWalt Whitman
31 May 1819, American
Poet & humanist

H. G. WellsH. G. Wells
21 September 1866, British
Writer

Laura Ingalls WilderLaura Ingalls Wilder
07 February 1867, American
American writer

James JoyceJames Joyce
02 February 1882, Irish
Writer
Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau
12 July 1817, American
Writer and Philosopher

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George Bernard ShawGeorge Bernard Shaw
26 July 1856, Irish
Playwright

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832, British
Author, Mathematician and Photographer

Alexandre DumasAlexandre Dumas
24 July 1802, French
 

Emily DickinsonEmily Dickinson
10 December 1830, American
Poet
Ralph Waldo EmersionRalph Waldo Emerson
25 May 1803, American
American Lecturer, Philosopher, Essayist & Poet

Herman MelvilleHerman Melville
01 August 1819, American
 
Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade
02 June 1740, French
Erotic Novelist

Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal
09 November 1877, Pakistani
Poet & Philosopher

William FaulknerWilliam Faulkner
25 September 1897, American
Writer, Nobel Laureate
Jules VerneJules Verne
08 February 1828, French
Writer

Robert Louis StevensonRobert Louis Stevenson
13 November 1850, Scottish
Novelist, Poet
Anton ChekhovAnton Chekhov
29 January 1860, German, Russian
 

Enid BlytonEnid Blyton
11 August 1897, British
Writer

Buffalo BillBuffalo Bill
26 February 1846, American
Hunter

John RuskinJohn Ruskin
08 February 1819, British
Art Critic and Painter

Jack LondonJack London
12 January 1876, American
Author
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist

Marcel ProustMarcel Proust
10 July 1871, French
French novelist

Louisa May AlcottLouisa May Alcott
29 November 1832, American
Writer

Vladimir NabokovVladimir Nabokov
22 April 1899, Swiss, American, Russian
Novelist
A. A. MilneA. A. Milne
18 January 1882, British
Novelist, Playwright, Poet

George EliotGeorge Eliot
22 November 1819, British
Author and Novelist
Thomas HardyThomas Hardy
02 June 1840, British
Novelist & Poet

Emma GoldmanEmma Goldman
27 June 1869, American
Writer

Joseph ConradJoseph Conrad
03 December 1857, Polish, Ukrainian, British
Writer
Ezra PoundEzra Pound
30 October 1885, American
Poet

Jorge Luis BorgesJorge Luis Borges
24 August 1899, Argentinian
Poet
Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
26 September 1820, Indian
Social Reformer, Philosopher

Beatrix PotterBeatrix Potter
28 July 1866, British
Author

Emily BrontëEmily Brontë
30 July 1818, British
Novelist
Gertrude SteinGertrude Stein
03 February 1874, American
American novelist

Bram StokerBram Stoker
08 November 1847, Irish
Creator of Dracula
Hermann HesseHermann Hesse
02 July 1877, Swiss, German
Poet

Bertolt BrechtBertolt Brecht
10 February 1898, German
Poet

D. H. LawrenceD. H. Lawrence
11 September 1885, British
Novelist

Nathaniel HawthorneNathaniel Hawthorne
04 July 1804, American
American Novelist
Henry JamesHenry James
15 April 1843, American
Writer
O. HenryO. Henry
11 September 1862, American
Short Story Writer

Eugene Gladstone O'Neill Eugene O'Neill
16 October 1888, American
Playwright

William Morris William Morris
24 March 1834, British
Textile Designer, Poet

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator
Napoleon HillNapoleon Hill
26 October 1883, American
Writer of personal-success literature

Henrik IbsenHenrik Ibsen
20 March 1828, Norwegian
Playwright, Poet.

Edgar Rice BurroughsEdgar Rice Burroughs
01 September 1875, American
Creator of Tarzan

Federico García LorcaFederico García Lorca
05 June 1898, Spanish
Poet

Paul Thomas MannThomas Mann
06 June 1875, Swiss, German
Novelist, Short Story Writer
Sinclair LewisSinclair Lewis
07 February 1885, American
Nobel Prize Winner in Literature

Raymond ChandlerRaymond Chandler
23 July 1888, American
Novelist and Screenwriter
Charles BaudelaireCharles Baudelaire
09 April 1821, French
Poet

Zora Neale HurstonZora Neale Hurston
07 January 1891, American
Folklorist, Anthropologist

Arthur RimbaudArthur Rimbaud
20 October 1854, French
Poet
Harriet Beecher StoweHarriet Beecher Stowe
14 June 1811, American
American author

Alice Roosevelt LongworthAlice Roosevelt Longworth
12 February 1884, American
Writer
Lucy Maud MontgomeryLucy Maud Montgomery
30 November 1874, Canadian
Author

George SandGeorge Sand
01 July 1804, French
 

E. M. ForsterE. M. Forster
01 January 1879, British
Writer

Henry Wadsworth LongfellowHenry Wadsworth Longfellow
27 February 1807, American
Poet & Educator
Upton SinclairUpton Sinclair
20 September 1878, American
American writer

Khalil GibranKhalil Gibran
06 January 1883, Lebanese
Artist
Edith WhartonEdith Wharton
24 January 1862, American
Writer

John Philip SousaJohn Philip Sousa
06 November 1854, American
Conductor, Composer
W. C. FieldsW. C. Fields
29 January 1880, American
 

Kazi Nazrul IslamKazi Nazrul Islam
24 May 1899, Bangladeshi, Indian
National Poet of Bangladesh
Rainer Maria RilkeRainer Maria Rilke
04 December 1875, Austrian
Poet & Novelist