Imagine the world sans Thomas Alva Edison, Alfred Nobel, Alexander Graham Bell Louis Pasteur or Joseph Gayetty? There would have been no light bulb, no dynamite, no telephone, no pasteurization and no toilet paper even! Hard to believe isn’t it? These things that have been a regular part of our existence today have evolved over the years but they were first invented by scientists’ way back in the 19th century. And not just this, 19th century was home to a long list of other eminent scientists, Samuel Morse who invented the telegraph and Morse Code, John Froehlich who gave the world its first as powered tractor, Luther Burbank who discovered hundreds of new plant varieties, Humphry Davy who is best known for discovering sodium, potassium calcium and first electric light and so on. Did you know Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction in 1831 and Christian Doppler gave the world knowledge about the Doppler Effect in 1842? When James Clark Maxwell defined the theory of electromagnetism, the world saw physics in new light. Check this section to know more about famous 19th century scientists.
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein

14 March 1879

German,American

Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla

10 July 1856

American

Marie CurieMarie Curie

07 November 1867

Polish

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin

12 February 1809

British

Srinivasa RamanujanSrinivasa Ramanujan

22 December 1887

Indian

Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell

03 March 1847

Canadian,Scottish

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace

10 December 1815

British

George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver

01 January 1864

American

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell

18 May 1872

British,Welsh

Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur

27 December 1822

French

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll

27 January 1832

British

Gregor MendelGregor Mendel

22 July 1822

Austrian

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Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger

12 August 1887

Austrian

Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming

06 August 1881

British,Scottish

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel

21 October 1833

Swedish

Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev

08 February 1834

Russian

Niels BohrNiels Bohr

07 October 1885

Danish

Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford

30 August 1871

New Zealander,British

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Guglielmo MarconiGuglielmo Marconi

25 April 1874

Italian

Max PlanckMax Planck

23 April 1858

German

William HerschelWilliam Herschel

15 November 1738

German,British

J J ThompsonJ. J. Thomson

18 December 1856

British

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori

31 August 1870

Italian

Jagadish Chandra BoseJagadish Chandra Bose

30 November 1858

Indian

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Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace

08 January 1823

British

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener

01 November 1880

German

Robert KochRobert Koch

11 December 1843

German

Joseph ListerJoseph Lister

05 April 1827

British

David HilbertDavid Hilbert

23 January 1862

German

Satyendra Nath BoseSatyendra Nath Bose

01 January 1894

Indian

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Alfred KinseyAlfred Kinsey

23 June 1894

American

Fritz HaberFritz Haber

09 December 1868

German

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether

23 March 1882

German

Samuel ColtSamuel Colt

19 July 1814

American

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace

23 March 1749

French

Pierre CuriePierre Curie

15 May 1859

French

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Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie

15 August 1892

French

John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird

13 August 1888

British,Scottish

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie

12 September 1897

French

Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître

17 July 1894

Belgian

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy

07 February 1877

British

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor

03 March 1845

German,Russian

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Max BornMax Born

11 December 1882

German

Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt

16 August 1832

German

Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel

16 February 1834

German

George BooleGeorge Boole

02 November 1815

British

Salim AliSalim Ali

12 November 1896

Indian

Svante ArrheniusSvante Arrhenius

19 February 1859

Swedish

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Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian

11 April 1899

American

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner

07 November 1878

Austrian

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz

22 February 1857

German

Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann

17 September 1826

German

Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich

14 March 1854

German

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead

15 February 1861

British,American

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Frederick BantingFrederick Banting

14 November 1891

Canadian

Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann

20 February 1844

Austrian

Thomas Henry HuxleyThomas Henry Huxley

04 May 1825

British

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier

21 March 1768

French

James ChadwickJames Chadwick

20 October 1891

British

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann

27 November 1874

British

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Sophie GermainSophie Germain

01 April 1776

French

Otto HahnOtto Hahn

08 March 1879

German

James Prescott JouleJames Prescott Joule

24 December 1818

British

Prasanta Chandra MahalanobisPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

29 June 1893

Indian

Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz

31 August 1821

German

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg

08 October 1883

German

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William OslerWilliam Osler

12 July 1849

Canadian

C.V. RamanC.V. Raman

07 November 1888

Indian

Louis AgassizLouis Agassiz

28 May 1807

American

Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold

11 January 1887

American

Konstantin TsiolkovskyKonstantin Tsiolkovsky

17 September 1857

Russian

Prafulla Chandra RayPrafulla Chandra Ray

02 August 1861

Indian

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Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff

12 March 1824

German

Hendrik LorentzHendrik Lorentz

18 July 1853

Dutch

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel

15 December 1852

French

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy

21 August 1789

French

Trofim LysenkoTrofim Lysenko

29 September 1898

Russian

Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt

04 July 1868

American

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John Wesely PowellJohn Wesley Powell

24 March 1834

American

Henry MoseleyHenry Moseley

23 November 1887

British

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington

28 December 1882

British