Imagine the world sans Thomas Alva Edison, Alfred Nobel, Alexander Graham Bell Louis Pasteur or Joseph Gayetty? There would have been no light bulb, no dynamite, no telephone, no pasteurization and no toilet paper even! Hard to believe isn’t it? These things that have been a regular part of our existence today have evolved over the years but they were first invented by scientists’ way back in the 19th century. And not just this, 19th century was home to a long list of other eminent scientists, Samuel Morse who invented the telegraph and Morse Code, John Froehlich who gave the world its first as powered tractor, Luther Burbank who discovered hundreds of new plant varieties, Humphry Davy who is best known for discovering sodium, potassium calcium and first electric light and so on. Did you know Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction in 1831 and Christian Doppler gave the world knowledge about the Doppler Effect in 1842? When James Clark Maxwell defined the theory of electromagnetism, the world saw physics in new light. Check this section to know more about famous 19th century scientists.
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879, German, American
Physicist
Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla
10 July 1856, Austrian, American
Inventor, Father of Radio

Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809, British
Naturalist

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace

Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell
03 March 1847, Canadian, Scottish
Inventor of Telephone
Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Philosopher

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832, British
Author, Mathematician and Photographer

C.V. RamanC.V. Raman
07 November 1888, Indian
Physicist
Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur
27 December 1822, French
Chemist and Microbiologist

Pierre CuriePierre Curie
15 May 1859, French
Nobel Laureate in Physics
Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
12 September 1897, French
Chemist

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel
21 October 1833, Swedish
 

George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver
01 January 1864, American
Scientist & Inventor

Gregor MendelGregor Mendel
22 July 1822, Austrian
 

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger
12 August 1887, Austrian
Physicist
Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming
06 August 1881, British, Scottish
Biologist, Pharmacologist, Discovered Penicillin

Niels BohrNiels Bohr
07 October 1885, Danish
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician

James MaxwellJames Maxwell
13 June 1831, Scottish
Mathematician & Physicist
Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev
08 February 1834, Russian
Inventor of Periodic Table

Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford
30 August 1871, New Zealander, British
Physicist, Chemist
Guglielmo MarconiGuglielmo Marconi
25 April 1874, Italian
Inventor

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić
19 December 1875, Serbian
Physicist

Jagadish Chandra BoseJagadish Chandra Bose
30 November 1858, Indian
Physicist
Max PlanckMax Planck
23 April 1858, German
Physicist

J J ThompsonJ. J. Thomson
18 December 1856, British
Physicist, Nobel Prize Winner
Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian
11 April 1899, American
Chemist

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator

Robert KochRobert Koch
11 December 1843, German
Physician
Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
01 November 1880, German
Researcher

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Lewis Howard LatimerLewis Howard Latimer
04 September 1848, American
Inventor
Wilhelm RontgenWilhelm Rontgen
27 March 1845, German
Winner of First Nobel Prize in Physics

Satyendra Nath BoseSatyendra Nath Bose
01 January 1894, Indian
 

Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882, German
Physicist

Edwin Powell HubbleEdwin Powell Hubble
20 November 1889, American
Astronomer & Mathematician
Fritz HaberFritz Haber
09 December 1868, German
Chemist
John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird
13 August 1888, British, Scottish
Engineer

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy
07 February 1877, British
Mathematician

David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862, German
Mathematician

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845, German, Russian
Mathematician
Lord KelvinLord Kelvin
26 June 1824, British
Mathematician, Physicist

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Philosopher

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

Alfred KinseyAlfred Kinsey
23 June 1894, American
Sexologist

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace
08 January 1823, British
Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist
William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

Salim AliSalim Ali
12 November 1896, Indian
Ornithologist
Henri PoincareHenri Poincare
29 April 1854, French
Mathematician and Philosopher

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz
22 February 1857, German
Physicist

Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître
17 July 1894, Belgian
Scientist & Priest
Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834, German
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German
Mathematician
Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois
25 October 1811, French
Mathematician

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting
14 November 1891, Canadian
Discoverer of Insulin

Samuel ColtSamuel Colt
19 July 1814, American
Inventor

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
16 August 1832, German
Philosopher
Robert H. GoddardRobert H. Goddard
05 October 1882, American
Physicist

Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann
20 February 1844, Austrian
Physicist

Thomas Henry HuxleyThomas Henry Huxley
04 May 1825, British
Biologist

Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826, German
Mathematician
Trofim LysenkoTrofim Lysenko
29 September 1898, Russian
Experimenter

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775, French
Physicist
Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
07 November 1878, Austrian
Physicist

James ChadwickJames Chadwick
20 October 1891, British
Discoverer of Neutron

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce
10 September 1839, American
Scientist, Philosopher
Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Prasanta Chandra MahalanobisPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
29 June 1893, Indian
Statistician
Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie
15 August 1892, French
Physicist

Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich
14 March 1854, German
Scientist
Norbert WienerNorbert Wiener
26 November 1894, American
Father of Cybernetics

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann
27 November 1874, British
Former President of Israel
Stamford RafflesStamford Raffles
06 July 1781, Jamaican, British
Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies

Fridtjof NansenFridtjof Nansen
10 October 1861, Norwegian
Explorer

Henry MoseleyHenry Moseley
23 November 1887, British
Physicist

Aleksandr BorodinAleksandr Borodin
12 November 1833, Russian
Composer, Chemist
Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland
14 November 1863, Belgian, American
Chemist & Inventor
Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880, British
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769, French
Naturalist

Konstantin TsiolkovskyKonstantin Tsiolkovsky
17 September 1857, Russian
Russian-Soviet Rocket Scientist

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel
15 December 1852, French
Physicist, Discoverer of Radioactivity
James Prescott JouleJames Prescott Joule
24 December 1818, British
Physicist

Otto HahnOtto Hahn
08 March 1879, German
Chemist

J.B.S. HaldaneJ.B.S. Haldane
05 November 1892, British
Geneticist

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882, British
Astronomer

Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821, German
Physicist and Physician
Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French
Mathematician

Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold
11 January 1887, American
 
Hendrik LorentzHendrik Lorentz
18 July 1853, Dutch
Physicist

Leó SzilárdLeó Szilárd
11 February 1898, American
Physicist
Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Hamilton
04 August 1805, Irish
Physicist, Astronomer and Mathematician
Svante ArrheniusSvante Arrhenius
19 February 1859, Swedish
Scientist