Imagine the world sans Thomas Alva Edison, Alfred Nobel, Alexander Graham Bell Louis Pasteur or Joseph Gayetty? There would have been no light bulb, no dynamite, no telephone, no pasteurization and no toilet paper even! Hard to believe isn’t it? These things that have been a regular part of our existence today have evolved over the years but they were first invented by scientists’ way back in the 19th century. And not just this, 19th century was home to a long list of other eminent scientists, Samuel Morse who invented the telegraph and Morse Code, John Froehlich who gave the world its first as powered tractor, Luther Burbank who discovered hundreds of new plant varieties, Humphry Davy who is best known for discovering sodium, potassium calcium and first electric light and so on. Did you know Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction in 1831 and Christian Doppler gave the world knowledge about the Doppler Effect in 1842? When James Clark Maxwell defined the theory of electromagnetism, the world saw physics in new light. Check this section to know more about famous 19th century scientists.
Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879, German, American

Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla
10 July 1856, Austrian, American
Inventor, Father of Radio

Pierre CuriePierre Curie
15 May 1859, French
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809, British

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
12 September 1897, French
Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace

Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell
03 March 1847, Canadian, Scottish
Inventor of Telephone

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832, British
Author, Mathematician and Photographer

George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver
01 January 1864, American
Scientist & Inventor
Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur
27 December 1822, French
Chemist and Microbiologist

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger
12 August 1887, Austrian

Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming
06 August 1881, British, Scottish
Biologist, Pharmacologist, Discovered Penicillin

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel
21 October 1833, Swedish

Niels BohrNiels Bohr
07 October 1885, Danish
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Gregor MendelGregor Mendel
22 July 1822, Austrian

Guglielmo MarconiGuglielmo Marconi
25 April 1874, Italian

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić
19 December 1875, Serbian

Lewis Howard LatimerLewis Howard Latimer
04 September 1848, American
Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford
30 August 1871, New Zealander, British
Physicist, Chemist

Max PlanckMax Planck
23 April 1858, German
Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev
08 February 1834, Russian
Inventor of Periodic Table

Jagadish Chandra BoseJagadish Chandra Bose
30 November 1858, Indian

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator

Satyendra Nath BoseSatyendra Nath Bose
01 January 1894, Indian
Robert KochRobert Koch
11 December 1843, German

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

Fritz HaberFritz Haber
09 December 1868, German
George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

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Alfred KinseyAlfred Kinsey
23 June 1894, American
J J ThompsonJ. J. Thomson
18 December 1856, British
Physicist, Nobel Prize Winner

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845, German, Russian

Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître
17 July 1894, Belgian
Scientist & Priest

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy
07 February 1877, British
John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird
13 August 1888, British, Scottish
David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862, German

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace
08 January 1823, British
Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German

Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882, German
Joseph ListerJoseph Lister
05 April 1827, British
Surgeon and Scientist

Samuel ColtSamuel Colt
19 July 1814, American

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce
10 September 1839, American
Scientist, Philosopher

Stamford RafflesStamford Raffles
06 July 1781, Jamaican, British
Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
07 November 1878, Austrian
Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834, German
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

Robert H. GoddardRobert H. Goddard
05 October 1882, American
Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois
25 October 1811, French

Trofim LysenkoTrofim Lysenko
29 September 1898, Russian

Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann
20 February 1844, Austrian
Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher
Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
16 August 1832, German

Prasanta Chandra MahalanobisPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
29 June 1893, Indian

Otto HahnOtto Hahn
08 March 1879, German

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
01 November 1880, German

Thomas Henry HuxleyThomas Henry Huxley
04 May 1825, British
Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich
14 March 1854, German

Salim AliSalim Ali
12 November 1896, Indian

Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826, German

Norbert WienerNorbert Wiener
26 November 1894, American
Father of Cybernetics
Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz
22 February 1857, German

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel
15 December 1852, French
Physicist, Discoverer of Radioactivity
Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie
15 August 1892, French

James ChadwickJames Chadwick
20 October 1891, British
Discoverer of Neutron

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann
27 November 1874, British
Former President of Israel
Konstantin TsiolkovskyKonstantin Tsiolkovsky
17 September 1857, Russian
Russian-Soviet Rocket Scientist

Hendrik LorentzHendrik Lorentz
18 July 1853, Dutch
Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen
30 March 1811, German

Prafulla Chandra RayPrafulla Chandra Ray
02 August 1861, Indian

Louis AgassizLouis Agassiz
28 May 1807, American
Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880, British
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist
Fridtjof NansenFridtjof Nansen
10 October 1861, Norwegian

Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold
11 January 1887, American

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882, British

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting
14 November 1891, Canadian
Discoverer of Insulin
Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769, French
Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821, German
Physicist and Physician

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883, German
Physiologist & Physician

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French

Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland
14 November 1863, Belgian, American
Chemist & Inventor
Ernst MachErnst Mach
18 February 1838, Austrian

Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857, British
Medical doctor

Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian
11 April 1899, American

Svante ArrheniusSvante Arrhenius
19 February 1859, Swedish

Santiago Ramón y CajalSantiago Ramón y Cajal
01 May 1852, Spanish
Father of Modern Neuroscience
Karl LandsteinerKarl Landsteiner
14 June 1868, American

John Wesely PowellJohn Wesley Powell
24 March 1834, American
Explorer, Geologist
Henry MoseleyHenry Moseley
23 November 1887, British

Robert Andrews MillikanRobert Andrews Millikan
22 March 1868, American
James Prescott JouleJames Prescott Joule
24 December 1818, British
Philipp LenardPhilipp Lenard
07 June 1862, German