Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Scientists, including George Boole, Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Nikola Tesla and Charles Darwin

Imagine the world sans Thomas Alva Edison, Alfred Nobel, Alexander Graham Bell Louis Pasteur or Joseph Gayetty? There would have been no light bulb, no dynamite, no telephone, no pasteurization and no toilet paper even! Hard to believe isn’t it? These things that have been a regular part of our existence today have evolved over the years but they were first invented by scientists’ way back in the 19th century. And not just this, 19th century was home to a long list of other eminent scientists, Samuel Morse who invented the telegraph and Morse Code, John Froehlich who gave the world its first as powered tractor, Luther Burbank who discovered hundreds of new plant varieties, Humphry Davy who is best known for discovering sodium, potassium calcium and first electric light and so on. Did you know Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction in 1831 and Christian Doppler gave the world knowledge about the Doppler Effect in 1842? When James Clark Maxwell defined the theory of electromagnetism, the world saw physics in new light. Check this section to know more about famous 19th century scientists.
George BooleGeorge Boole

02 November 1815

08 December 1864

Lincoln

British

Scorpio

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein

14 March 1879

18 April 1955

Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire

German,American

Pisces

Marie CurieMarie Curie

07 November 1867

04 July 1934

Warsaw, Poland

Polish

Scorpio

Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla

10 July 1856

07 January 1943

Smiljan, Austrian Empire (modern-day Croatia)

American

Cancer

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin

12 February 1809

19 April 1882

Shrewsbury

British

Aquarius

Srinivasa RamanujanSrinivasa Ramanujan

22 December 1887

26 April 1920

Erode

Indian

Sagittarius

Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell

03 March 1847

02 August 1922

Edinburgh

British,Scottish

Pisces

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace

10 December 1815

27 November 1852

London

British

Sagittarius

Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur

27 December 1822

28 September 1895

Dole, Jura, Franche-Comté, France

French

Capricorn

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell

18 May 1872

02 February 1970

Trellech, Monmouthshire, UK

British,Welsh

Taurus

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger

12 August 1887

04 January 1961

Vienna

Austrian

Leo

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll

27 January 1832

14 January 1898

England

British

Aquarius

Niels BohrNiels Bohr

07 October 1885

18 November 1962

Copenhagen, Denmark

Danish

Libra

Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford

30 August 1871

19 October 1937

Brightwater, New Zealand

New Zealander,British

Virgo

Gregor MendelGregor Mendel

22 July 1822

06 January 1884

Heinzendorf bei Odrau, Austrian Empire

Austrian

Cancer

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel

21 October 1833

10 December 1896

Stockholm, Sweden

Swedish

Libra

J J ThompsonJ. J. Thomson

18 December 1856

30 August 1940

Manchester, Lancashire, UK

British

Sagittarius

Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev

08 February 1834

02 February 1907

Tobolsk

Russian

Aquarius

Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming

06 August 1881

11 March 1955

Lochfield, Ayrshire, Scotland

British,Scottish

Leo

Max PlanckMax Planck

23 April 1858

04 October 1947

Kiel

German

Taurus

George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver

01 January 1864

05 January 1943

Diamond, Missouri, U.S.

American

Capricorn

C.V. RamanC.V. Raman

07 November 1888

21 November 1970

Tiruchirappalli, Madras Province

Indian

Scorpio

Jagadish Chandra BoseJagadish Chandra Bose

30 November 1858

23 November 1937

Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India (Now Munshiganj District of Bangladesh)

Indian

Sagittarius

Guglielmo MarconiGuglielmo Marconi

25 April 1874

20 July 1937

Bologna

Italian

Taurus

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner

07 November 1878

27 October 1968

Vienna

Austrian

Scorpio

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener

01 November 1880

31 October 1930

Berlin

German

Scorpio

Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître

17 July 1894

20 June 1966

Charleroi, Belgium

Belgian

Cancer

Satyendra Nath BoseSatyendra Nath Bose

01 January 1894

04 February 1974

Kolkata, India

Indian

Capricorn

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor

03 March 1845

06 January 1918

Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire

German,Russian

Pisces

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace

08 January 1823

07 November 1913

Llanbadoc

British

Capricorn

John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird

13 August 1888

14 June 1946

Helensburgh

British,Scottish

Leo

David HilbertDavid Hilbert

23 January 1862

14 February 1943

Königsberg or Wehlau, Province of Prussia (today Znamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)

German

Aquarius

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić

19 December 1875

04 August 1948

Titel

Serbian

Sagittarius

Robert KochRobert Koch

11 December 1843

27 May 1910

Clausthal-Zellerfeld

German

Sagittarius

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace

23 March 1749

05 March 1827

Beaumont-en-Auge

French

Aries

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting

14 November 1891

21 February 1941

Alliston

Canadian

Scorpio

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz

22 February 1857

01 January 1894

Hamburg

German

Pisces

Henri PoincareHenri Poincare

29 April 1854

17 July 1912

Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France

French

Taurus

James ChadwickJames Chadwick

20 October 1891

24 July 1974

Bollington

British

Libra

Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel

16 February 1834

09 August 1919

Potsdam

German

Aquarius

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori

31 August 1870

06 May 1952

Chiaravalle (Ancona), Italy

Italian

Virgo

William Thomson, 1st Baron KelvinWilliam Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin

26 June 1824

17 December 1907

Belfast

British

Cancer

Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt

16 August 1832

31 August 1920

Mannheim

German

Leo

Alfred KinseyAlfred Kinsey

23 June 1894

25 August 1956

Hoboken

American

Cancer

Fritz HaberFritz Haber

09 December 1868

29 January 1934

Wrocław

German

Sagittarius

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether

23 March 1882

14 April 1935

Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany

German

Aries

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie

15 August 1892

19 March 1987

Dieppe

French

Leo

Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann

17 September 1826

20 July 1866

Breselenz

German

Virgo

Robert Andrews MillikanRobert Andrews Millikan

22 March 1868

19 December 1953

Morrison

American

Aries

Max BornMax Born

11 December 1882

05 January 1970

Wrocław

German

Sagittarius

Henry MoseleyHenry Moseley

23 November 1887

10 August 1915

Weymouth, Dorset

British

Sagittarius

Pierre CuriePierre Curie

15 May 1859

19 April 1906

Paris, France

French

Taurus

James Prescott JouleJames Prescott Joule

24 December 1818

11 October 1889

Salford, Lancashire, England, UK

British

Capricorn

Theodor SchwannTheodor Schwann

07 December 1810

11 January 1882

Neuss, Germany

German

Sagittarius

Prafulla Chandra RayPrafulla Chandra Ray

02 August 1861

16 June 1944

Khulna

Indian

Leo

Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen

30 March 1811

16 August 1899

Göttingen

German

Aries

Thomas Henry HuxleyThomas Henry Huxley

04 May 1825

29 June 1895

Ealing, Middlesex

British

Taurus

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead

15 February 1861

30 December 1947

Ramsgate, Kent, England

British,American

Aquarius

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann

27 November 1874

09 November 1952

Motal

British

Sagittarius

Samuel ColtSamuel Colt

19 July 1814

10 January 1862

Hartford, Connecticut, United States

American

Cancer

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier

21 March 1768

16 May 1830

Auxerre, Burgundy, Kingdom of France (now in Yonne, France)

French

Aries

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie

12 September 1897

17 March 1956

Paris

French

Virgo

Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold

11 January 1887

21 April 1948

Burlington

American

Capricorn

Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz

31 August 1821

08 September 1894

Potsdam

German

Virgo

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois

25 October 1811

31 May 1832

Bourg-la-Reine, French Empire

French

Scorpio

Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann

20 February 1844

05 September 1906

Vienna

Austrian

Pisces

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy

07 February 1877

01 December 1947

Cranleigh, United Kingdom

British

Aquarius

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel

15 December 1852

25 August 1908

Paris, France

French

Sagittarius

Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich

14 March 1854

20 August 1915

Strzelin

German

Pisces

Otto HahnOtto Hahn

08 March 1879

28 July 1968

Frankfurt

German

Pisces

William OslerWilliam Osler

12 July 1849

29 December 1919

Bond Head, Canada

Canadian

Cancer

Salim AliSalim Ali

12 November 1896

20 June 1987

Indian

Scorpio

Henry Fox TalbotHenry Fox Talbot

11 February 1800

17 September 1877

Dorset

British

Aquarius

Prasanta Chandra MahalanobisPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

29 June 1893

28 June 1972

Kolkata

Indian

Cancer

Svante ArrheniusSvante Arrhenius

19 February 1859

02 October 1927

Vik

Swedish

Aquarius

Thomas Hunt MorganThomas Hunt Morgan

25 September 1866

04 December 1945

Lexington

American

Libra

Douglas MawsonDouglas Mawson

05 May 1882

14 October 1958

Shipley

Australian

Taurus

Hendrik LorentzHendrik Lorentz

18 July 1853

04 February 1928

Arnhem

Dutch

Cancer

Lord KelvinLord Kelvin

26 June 1824

17 December 1907

Belfast, Ireland

British

Cancer

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg

08 October 1883

01 August 1970

Freiburg, Baden, German Empire

German

Libra

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy

21 August 1789

23 May 1857

Paris

French

Leo

Meghnad SahaMeghnad Saha

06 October 1893

16 February 1956

Shaoratoli, Dhaka, Bangladesh, British India

Indian

Libra

Santiago Ramón y CajalSantiago Ramón y Cajal

01 May 1852

18 October 1934

Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain

Spanish

Taurus

Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff

12 March 1824

17 October 1887

Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia

German

Pisces

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington

28 December 1882

22 November 1944

Kendal

British

Capricorn

Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski

22 June 1864

12 January 1909

Aleksota, Kingdom of Poland

German

Cancer

Joseph ListerJoseph Lister

05 April 1827

10 February 1912

West Ham

British

Aries

Sophie GermainSophie Germain

01 April 1776

27 June 1831

Paris

French

Aries

Ernst MachErnst Mach

18 February 1838

19 February 1916

Brno, Czech Republic

Austrian

Aquarius

Leó SzilárdLeó Szilárd

11 February 1898

30 May 1964

Budapest

American

Aquarius

Arnold SommerfeldArnold Sommerfeld

05 December 1868

26 April 1951

Königsberg

German

Sagittarius

Louis AgassizLouis Agassiz

28 May 1807

14 December 1873

Montier

American

Gemini

Niels Henrik AbelNiels Henrik Abel

05 August 1802

06 April 1829

Finnøy

Norwegian

Leo

Marie StopesMarie Stopes

15 October 1880

02 October 1958

Edinburgh

British

Libra

Albert Abraham MichelsonAlbert A. Michelson

19 December 1852

09 May 1931

Strzelno, Kingdom of Prussia (modern Poland)

American

Sagittarius

Trofim LysenkoTrofim Lysenko

29 September 1898

20 November 1976

Karlivka

Russian

Libra

Ronald RossRonald Ross

13 May 1857

16 September 1932

Almora

British

Taurus

Karl LandsteinerKarl Landsteiner

14 June 1868

26 June 1943

Vienna

American

Gemini

Karl WeierstrassKarl Weierstrass

31 October 1815

19 February 1897

Ennigerloh

German

Scorpio

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