Imagine the world sans Thomas Alva Edison, Alfred Nobel, Alexander Graham Bell Louis Pasteur or Joseph Gayetty? There would have been no light bulb, no dynamite, no telephone, no pasteurization and no toilet paper even! Hard to believe isn’t it? These things that have been a regular part of our existence today have evolved over the years but they were first invented by scientists’ way back in the 19th century. And not just this, 19th century was home to a long list of other eminent scientists, Samuel Morse who invented the telegraph and Morse Code, John Froehlich who gave the world its first as powered tractor, Luther Burbank who discovered hundreds of new plant varieties, Humphry Davy who is best known for discovering sodium, potassium calcium and first electric light and so on. Did you know Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction in 1831 and Christian Doppler gave the world knowledge about the Doppler Effect in 1842? When James Clark Maxwell defined the theory of electromagnetism, the world saw physics in new light. Check this section to know more about famous 19th century scientists.
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879, German, American
Physicist
Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla
10 July 1856, Austrian, American
Inventor, Father of Radio

Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809, British
Naturalist

Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell
03 March 1847, Canadian, Scottish
Inventor of Telephone

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace
Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur
27 December 1822, French
Chemist and Microbiologist

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Philosopher

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832, British
Author, Mathematician and Photographer
Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger
12 August 1887, Austrian
Physicist

Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming
06 August 1881, British, Scottish
Biologist, Pharmacologist, Discovered Penicillin
George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver
01 January 1864, American
Scientist & Inventor

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel
21 October 1833, Swedish
 

Robert KochRobert Koch
11 December 1843, German
Physician

Gregor MendelGregor Mendel
22 July 1822, Austrian
 

Niels BohrNiels Bohr
07 October 1885, Danish
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Guglielmo MarconiGuglielmo Marconi
25 April 1874, Italian
Inventor

Prafulla Chandra RayPrafulla Chandra Ray
02 August 1861, Indian
Chemist

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić
19 December 1875, Serbian
Physicist

Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford
30 August 1871, New Zealander, British
Physicist, Chemist
Max PlanckMax Planck
23 April 1858, German
Physicist

Pierre CuriePierre Curie
15 May 1859, French
Nobel Laureate in Physics
Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev
08 February 1834, Russian
Inventor of Periodic Table

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
12 September 1897, French
Chemist

Jagadish Chandra BoseJagadish Chandra Bose
30 November 1858, Indian
Physicist
Alfred KinseyAlfred Kinsey
23 June 1894, American
Sexologist

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator
John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird
13 August 1888, British, Scottish
Engineer

Joseph ListerJoseph Lister
05 April 1827, British
Surgeon and Scientist

J J ThompsonJ. J. Thomson
18 December 1856, British
Physicist, Nobel Prize Winner
Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace
08 January 1823, British
Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist

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Fritz HaberFritz Haber
09 December 1868, German
Chemist
David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862, German
Mathematician

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois
25 October 1811, French
Mathematician

Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître
17 July 1894, Belgian
Scientist & Priest
Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
01 November 1880, German
Researcher
G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy
07 February 1877, British
Mathematician

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

Satyendra Nath BoseSatyendra Nath Bose
01 January 1894, Indian
 

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer
Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845, German, Russian
Mathematician

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German
Mathematician

Robert H. GoddardRobert H. Goddard
05 October 1882, American
Physicist

Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich
14 March 1854, German
Scientist

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce
10 September 1839, American
Scientist, Philosopher
Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834, German
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882, German
Physicist
Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann
20 February 1844, Austrian
Physicist

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Philosopher
Thomas Henry HuxleyThomas Henry Huxley
04 May 1825, British
Biologist

Samuel ColtSamuel Colt
19 July 1814, American
Inventor
Trofim LysenkoTrofim Lysenko
29 September 1898, Russian
Experimenter

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting
14 November 1891, Canadian
Discoverer of Insulin

Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826, German
Mathematician

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz
22 February 1857, German
Physicist

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
07 November 1878, Austrian
Physicist
Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
16 August 1832, German
Philosopher

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist

Norbert WienerNorbert Wiener
26 November 1894, American
Father of Cybernetics

Fridtjof NansenFridtjof Nansen
10 October 1861, Norwegian
Explorer
Douglas MawsonDouglas Mawson
05 May 1882, Australian
Explorer, Geologist

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann
27 November 1874, British
Former President of Israel
Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857, British
Medical doctor

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie
15 August 1892, French
Physicist

Stamford RafflesStamford Raffles
06 July 1781, Jamaican, British
Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
Konstantin TsiolkovskyKonstantin Tsiolkovsky
17 September 1857, Russian
Russian-Soviet Rocket Scientist

Otto HahnOtto Hahn
08 March 1879, German
Chemist
Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel
15 December 1852, French
Physicist, Discoverer of Radioactivity

Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold
11 January 1887, American
 

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882, British
Astronomer
Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821, German
Physicist and Physician

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769, French
Naturalist
James ChadwickJames Chadwick
20 October 1891, British
Discoverer of Neutron

Hendrik LorentzHendrik Lorentz
18 July 1853, Dutch
Physicist

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French
Mathematician

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician
Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880, British
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists
Svante ArrheniusSvante Arrhenius
19 February 1859, Swedish
Scientist

Salim AliSalim Ali
12 November 1896, Indian
Ornithologist

Santiago Ramón y CajalSantiago Ramón y Cajal
01 May 1852, Spanish
Father of Modern Neuroscience

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883, German
Physiologist & Physician
James Prescott JouleJames Prescott Joule
24 December 1818, British
Physicist

Ernst MachErnst Mach
18 February 1838, Austrian
Physicist

Niels Henrik AbelNiels Henrik Abel
05 August 1802, Norwegian
Mathematician

Prasanta Chandra MahalanobisPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
29 June 1893, Indian
Statistician

Philipp LenardPhilipp Lenard
07 June 1862, German
Physicist
Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American
Astronomer

Thomas Hunt MorganThomas Hunt Morgan
25 September 1866, American
Geneticist
Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland
14 November 1863, Belgian, American
Chemist & Inventor

Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff
12 March 1824, German
Physicist
Louis AgassizLouis Agassiz
28 May 1807, American
Geologist
Gerty CoriGerty Cori
15 August 1896, American
Biochemist