Imagine the world sans Thomas Alva Edison, Alfred Nobel, Alexander Graham Bell Louis Pasteur or Joseph Gayetty? There would have been no light bulb, no dynamite, no telephone, no pasteurization and no toilet paper even! Hard to believe isn’t it? These things that have been a regular part of our existence today have evolved over the years but they were first invented by scientists’ way back in the 19th century. And not just this, 19th century was home to a long list of other eminent scientists, Samuel Morse who invented the telegraph and Morse Code, John Froehlich who gave the world its first as powered tractor, Luther Burbank who discovered hundreds of new plant varieties, Humphry Davy who is best known for discovering sodium, potassium calcium and first electric light and so on. Did you know Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction in 1831 and Christian Doppler gave the world knowledge about the Doppler Effect in 1842? When James Clark Maxwell defined the theory of electromagnetism, the world saw physics in new light. Check this section to know more about famous 19th century scientists.
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879, German, American
Physicist
Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla
10 July 1856, American
Father of Radio

Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize

Srinivasa RamanujanSrinivasa Ramanujan
22 December 1887, Indian
Mathematician

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809, British
Naturalist, Geologist

Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell
03 March 1847, Canadian, Scottish
Inventor of Telephone
Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Philosopher

Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur
27 December 1822, French
Chemist and Microbiologist

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832, British
Author, Mathematician and Photographer
Gregor MendelGregor Mendel
22 July 1822, Austrian
 

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel
21 October 1833, Swedish
 
Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming
06 August 1881, British, Scottish
Biologist, Pharmacologist, Discovered Penicillin

George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver
01 January 1864, American
Scientist & Inventor

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger
12 August 1887, Austrian
Physicist
Niels BohrNiels Bohr
07 October 1885, Danish
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist

Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford
30 August 1871, New Zealander, British
Physicist, Chemist
Max PlanckMax Planck
23 April 1858, German
Physicist

Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev
08 February 1834, Russian
Inventor of Periodic Table

Guglielmo MarconiGuglielmo Marconi
25 April 1874, Italian
Inventor
Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator

Jagadish Chandra BoseJagadish Chandra Bose
30 November 1858, Indian
Physicist
J J ThompsonJ. J. Thomson
18 December 1856, British
Physicist, Nobel Prize Winner

Satyendra Nath BoseSatyendra Nath Bose
01 January 1894, Indian
 

Pierre CuriePierre Curie
15 May 1859, French
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Fritz HaberFritz Haber
09 December 1868, German
Chemist
Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître
17 July 1894, Belgian
Scientist & Priest
Robert KochRobert Koch
11 December 1843, German
Physician

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
01 November 1880, German
Researcher

Alfred KinseyAlfred Kinsey
23 June 1894, American
Sexologist

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
12 September 1897, French
Chemist
Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862, German
Mathematician

John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird
13 August 1888, British, Scottish
Engineer

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace
08 January 1823, British
Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist

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Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845, German, Russian
Mathematician
Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German
Mathematician

Joseph ListerJoseph Lister
05 April 1827, British
Surgeon and Scientist
Salim AliSalim Ali
12 November 1896, Indian
Ornithologist

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy
07 February 1877, British
Mathematician
Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
07 November 1878, Austrian
Physicist

Prasanta Chandra MahalanobisPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
29 June 1893, Indian
Statistician
Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826, German
Mathematician

Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834, German
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882, German
Physicist

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
16 August 1832, German
Philosopher
Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich
14 March 1854, German
Scientist

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie
15 August 1892, French
Physicist

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz
22 February 1857, German
Physicist
Frederick BantingFrederick Banting
14 November 1891, Canadian
Discoverer of Insulin

Thomas Henry HuxleyThomas Henry Huxley
04 May 1825, British
Biologist
Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann
20 February 1844, Austrian
Physicist

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist

Svante ArrheniusSvante Arrhenius
19 February 1859, Swedish
Scientist
Otto HahnOtto Hahn
08 March 1879, German
Chemist

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician
Samuel ColtSamuel Colt
19 July 1814, American
Inventor

James ChadwickJames Chadwick
20 October 1891, British
Discoverer of Neutron

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann
27 November 1874, British
Former President of Israel
Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882, British
Astronomer

Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold
11 January 1887, American
 
James Prescott JouleJames Prescott Joule
24 December 1818, British
Physicist

Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian
11 April 1899, American
Chemist

Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821, German
Physicist and Physician

William OslerWilliam Osler
12 July 1849, Canadian
Professor of Medicine, Historian, Pathologist,
Konstantin TsiolkovskyKonstantin Tsiolkovsky
17 September 1857, Russian
Russian-Soviet Rocket Scientist
C.V. RamanC.V. Raman
07 November 1888, Indian
Physicist

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883, German
Physiologist & Physician

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel
15 December 1852, French
Physicist, Discoverer of Radioactivity

Prafulla Chandra RayPrafulla Chandra Ray
02 August 1861, Indian
Chemist
Trofim LysenkoTrofim Lysenko
29 September 1898, Russian
Experimenter

Hendrik LorentzHendrik Lorentz
18 July 1853, Dutch
Physicist

Louis AgassizLouis Agassiz
28 May 1807, American
Geologist

Meghnad SahaMeghnad Saha
06 October 1893, Indian
Physicist

John Wesely PowellJohn Wesley Powell
24 March 1834, American
Explorer, Geologist
Henry MoseleyHenry Moseley
23 November 1887, British
Physicist

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French
Mathematician
Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff
12 March 1824, German
Physicist

Karl LandsteinerKarl Landsteiner
14 June 1868, American
Physician

Ernst MachErnst Mach
18 February 1838, Austrian
Physicist
Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880, British
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists

Santiago Ramón y CajalSantiago Ramón y Cajal
01 May 1852, Spanish
Father of Modern Neuroscience
Thomas Hunt MorganThomas Hunt Morgan
25 September 1866, American
Geneticist

Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857, British
Medical doctor

Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American
Astronomer

Robert Andrews MillikanRobert Andrews Millikan
22 March 1868, American
Physicist
Carl Gustav Jacob JacobiCarl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
10 December 1804, German
Mathematician

Theodor SchwannTheodor Schwann
07 December 1810, German
Physiologist
Niels Henrik AbelNiels Henrik Abel
05 August 1802, Norwegian
Mathematician

Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski
22 June 1864, German
 

John TyndallJohn Tyndall
02 August 1820, Irish, British
Physicist

Philipp LenardPhilipp Lenard
07 June 1862, German
Physicist
John VennJohn Venn
04 August 1834, British
Mathematician