Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Physicians, including H. H. Holmes, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Jose Rizal and Jean Piaget.
Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
06 May 1856, Austrian
Neurologist, Psychiatrist
Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Psychiatrist

Willem EinthovenWillem Einthoven
21 May 1860, Dutch
Inventor of the first practical ECG

Jean PiagetJean Piaget
09 August 1896, Swiss
 

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator

Ivan PavlovIvan Pavlov
26 September 1849, Russian
 
Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler
07 February 1870, Austrian
 

Joseph ListerJoseph Lister
05 April 1827, British
Surgeon and Scientist

Ignaz SemmelweisIgnaz Semmelweis
01 July 1818, Austrian, Hungarian
Physician

Jose RizalJose Rizal
19 June 1861, Filipino
 
Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834, German
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

Bidhan Chandra RoyBidhan Chandra Roy
01 July 1882, Indian
Political Leader, Physician
Rudolf VirchowRudolf Virchow
13 October 1821, German
Doctor, Anthropologist

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting
14 November 1891, Canadian
Discoverer of Insulin

Samuel HahnemannSamuel Hahnemann
10 April 1755, German
Founder of Homeopathy
Elizabeth BlackwellElizabeth Blackwell
03 February 1821, American
First Woman Medical Graduate

Mary Edwards WalkerMary Edwards Walker
26 November 1832, American
Surgeon, Feminist, Activist
Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821, German
Physicist and Physician

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883, German
Physiologist & Physician

Norman BethuneNorman Bethune
03 March 1890, Canadian
Physician
Jean-Martin CharcotJean-Martin Charcot
29 November 1825, French
Neurologist

Santiago Ramón y CajalSantiago Ramón y Cajal
01 May 1852, Spanish
Father of Modern Neuroscience
William James MayoWilliam James Mayo
29 June 1861, American
Physician and Surgeon

Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857, British
Medical doctor

Havelock EllisHavelock Ellis
02 February 1859, British
Physician

Charles Horace MayoCharles Horace Mayo
19 July 1865, American
Surgeon
Hermann RorschachHermann Rorschach
08 November 1884, Swiss
Swiss psychiatrist
Elizabeth Garrett AndersonElizabeth Garrett Anderson
09 June 1836, British
Mayor of Aldeburgh

Howard FloreyHoward Florey
24 September 1898, Australian
Pathologist and Pharmacologist

Immanuel VelikovskyImmanuel Velikovsky
10 June 1895, Israeli
Author

Alexis CarrelAlexis Carrel
28 June 1873, French
Surgeon, Biologist
Camillo GolgiCamillo Golgi
07 July 1843, Italian
Physician, Pathologist, Biologist

Henry GrayHenry Gray
1827 AD, British
Anatomist and surgeon

Alexandre Émile John YersinAlexandre Yersin
22 September 1863, Swiss, French, Vietnamese
Discoverer of Yersinia Pestis

Andrew Taylor StillAndrew Taylor Still
06 August 1828, American
Physician

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Anna Howard ShawAnna Howard Shaw
14 February 1847, American
Leader of the women's suffrage movement in the
Christiaan EijkmanChristiaan Eijkman
11 August 1858, Dutch
Physician

Henry Hallett DaleHenry Hallett Dale
09 June 1875, British
Physiologist & Pharmacologist
Theodor BillrothTheodor Billroth
26 April 1829, Austrian, Croatian, Prussian
Surgeon

Max TheilerMax Theiler
30 January 1899, South African
Virologist

Henry FauldsHenry Faulds
01 June 1843, British
Scientist
James PagetJames Paget
11 January 1814, British
Founder of scientific medical pathology.

Niels Ryberg FinsenNiels Ryberg Finsen
15 December 1860, Danish
Physician
Upendranath BrahmachariUpendranath Brahmachari
19 December 1873, Indian
Scientist

Charles-Louis-Alphonse Laveran Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
18 June 1845, French
Physician

Arthur KeithArthur Keith
05 February 1866, Welsh
Father of Modern Nationalism

Walter Rudolf HessWalter Rudolf Hess
17 March 1881, Swiss
Physiologist

Harvey Williams CushingHarvey Williams Cushing
08 April 1869, American
Neurosurgeon
Otto Fritz MeyerhofOtto Fritz Meyerhof
12 April 1884, German
Physician and Biochemist

Allvar GullstrandAllvar Gullstrand
05 June 1862, Swedish
Ophthalmologist

Charles NicolleCharles Nicolle
21 September 1866, French
Bacteriologist

Paul TournierPaul Tournier
12 May 1898, Swiss
Physician
Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron AdrianEdgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian
30 November 1889, British
Electrophysiologist

Joseph ErlangerJoseph Erlanger
05 January 1874, American
Physiologist
Róbert BárányRóbert Bárány
22 April 1876, Austrian
Otologist

Philip Showalter HenchPhilip Showalter Hench
28 February 1896, American
Physician

Ludvig PuuseppLudvig Puusepp
1875 AD, Estonian
Estonian surgeon,researcher and the world's first
Theodor KocherTheodor Kocher
25 August 1841, Swiss
Surgeon

Charles BestCharles Best
27 February 1899, Canadian, American
Co-discoverer of Insulin
George Richards MinotGeorge Richards Minot
02 December 1885, American
Medical Researcher

Georgios PapanikolaouGeorgios Papanikolaou
13 May 1883, Greek
Physician, Oncologist

H. H. HolmesH. H. Holmes
16 May 1861, American
Criminal, Serial killer
Arthur Conan DoyleArthur Conan Doyle
22 May 1859, British
Physician, Writer, Poet, Cricketer, Novelist,

William Chester MinorWilliam Chester Minor
31 May 1834, American
lexicographer, linguist
Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen
12 November 1866, Chinese, American
Politician, Physician, Philosopher

John SnowJohn Snow
15 March 1813
Physician, Epidemiologist, Q2849224

John Harvey KelloggJohn Harvey Kellogg
26 February 1852, American
Physician, Nutritionist

Magnus HirschfeldMagnus Hirschfeld
14 May 1868, German
Physician, Writer, Psychologist, Screenwriter,
Eduard BlochEduard Bloch
30 January 1872, Austrian
Physician
Samuel MuddSamuel Mudd
20 December 1833, American
Physician, Farmer, Politician

Wong Fei-hungWong Fei-hung
09 July 1847, Chinese
Physician, Acupuncturist

Anandi Gopal JoshiAnandi Gopal Joshi
31 March 1865
Physician

Cesare LombrosoCesare Lombroso
06 November 1835, Italian
Physician, Writer, Criminologist, Psychiatrist,
Thomas C. DurantThomas C. Durant
06 February 1820, American
Physician

Theodor MorellTheodor Morell
22 July 1886, German
Physician

Janusz KorczakJanusz Korczak
22 July 1878, Polish
Educationist, Pediatrician, Children's writer

Julius Wagner-JaureggJulius Wagner-Jauregg
07 March 1857, Austrian
Physician, Politician, Neurologist, Psychiatrist,

Alois AlzheimerAlois Alzheimer
14 June 1864, German
Psychiatrist, Neuropathologist
John Bodkin AdamsJohn Bodkin Adams
21 January 1899, British
Physician, Serial killer

William Stewart HalstedWilliam Stewart Halsted
23 September 1852, American
Surgeon
Hudson TaylorHudson Taylor
21 May 1832, British
Physician, Translator, Theologian, Non-fiction

Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers
23 February 1883, Swiss, German
Philosopher, Psychiatrist, Physician, Theologian,

Linda HazzardLinda Hazzard
1867 AD, American
physician
William Worrall MayoWilliam Worrall Mayo
31 May 1819, British, American
Chemist, Politician, Gynaecologist, Editor

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841, French
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
15 December 1859, Polish
Linguist, Ophthalmologist, Inventor, Poet,

Max GersonMax Gerson
18 October 1881, German, American
Physician

Karl GebhardtKarl Gebhardt
23 November 1897, German
Surgeon, Torturer, University teacher

Walter ReedWalter Reed
13 September 1851, American
Military physician, Zoologist, Entomologist
Harvey CushingHarvey Cushing
08 April 1869, American
Physician, Neuroscientist, Neurosurgeon, Academic,

Arthur SchnitzlerArthur Schnitzler
15 May 1862, Austrian
Writer, Playwright, Physician, Screenwriter,
Wilder PenfieldWilder Penfield
26 January 1891, Canadian
Surgeon, Neuroscientist, Neurosurgeon, University

Fritz PerlsFritz Perls
08 July 1893, German
Psychologist, Psychiatrist

Wilfred BionWilfred Bion
08 September 1897, British
Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, Psychologist

Fritz PfefferFritz Pfeffer
30 April 1889, German
Physician
Daniel Hale WilliamsDaniel Hale Williams
18 January 1856, American
cardiologist