Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Physicians, including H. H. Holmes, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Jose Rizal and Jean Piaget.
Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Psychiatrist
John Harvey KelloggJohn Harvey Kellogg
26 February 1852, American
Doctor, Inventor

Ignaz SemmelweisIgnaz Semmelweis
01 July 1818, Austrian, Hungarian
Physician

Jean PiagetJean Piaget
09 August 1896, Swiss
 

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator

Bidhan Chandra RoyBidhan Chandra Roy
01 July 1882, Indian
Political Leader, Physician
Ivan PavlovIvan Pavlov
26 September 1849, Russian
 

Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler
07 February 1870, Austrian
 

John SnowJohn Snow
15 March 1813, British
Physician
Anandi Gopal JoshiAnandi Gopal Joshi
31 March 1865, Indian
First Indian Female Doctor

Joseph ListerJoseph Lister
05 April 1827, British
Surgeon and Scientist
Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834, German
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

Robert ListonRobert Liston
28 October 1794, Scottish
Surgeon

Rudolf VirchowRudolf Virchow
13 October 1821, German
Doctor, Anthropologist

Samuel HahnemannSamuel Hahnemann
10 April 1755, German
Founder of Homeopathy

Mary Edwards WalkerMary Edwards Walker
26 November 1832, American
Surgeon, Feminist, Activist
Elizabeth BlackwellElizabeth Blackwell
03 February 1821, American
First Woman Medical Graduate

William OslerWilliam Osler
12 July 1849, Canadian
Physician

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting
14 November 1891, Canadian
Discoverer of Insulin

Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821, German
Physicist and Physician
Norman BethuneNorman Bethune
03 March 1890, Canadian
Physician

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883, German
Physiologist & Physician
Jean-Martin CharcotJean-Martin Charcot
29 November 1825, French
Neurologist

Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857, British
Medical doctor

Santiago Ramón y CajalSantiago Ramón y Cajal
01 May 1852, Spanish
Father of Modern Neuroscience
Havelock EllisHavelock Ellis
02 February 1859, British
Physician

Daniel Hale WilliamsDaniel Hale Williams
18 January 1856, American
Surgeon
Howard FloreyHoward Florey
24 September 1898, Australian
Pathologist and Pharmacologist

Hermann RorschachHermann Rorschach
08 November 1884, Swiss
Swiss psychiatrist

Immanuel VelikovskyImmanuel Velikovsky
10 June 1895, Israeli
Author
Elizabeth Garrett AndersonElizabeth Garrett Anderson
09 June 1836, British
Mayor of Aldeburgh

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Alexis CarrelAlexis Carrel
28 June 1873, French
Surgeon, Biologist
Henry GrayHenry Gray
1827 AD, British
Anatomist and surgeon

Camillo GolgiCamillo Golgi
07 July 1843, Italian
Physician, Pathologist, Biologist

Alexandre Émile John YersinAlexandre Yersin
22 September 1863, Swiss, French, Vietnamese
Discoverer of Yersinia Pestis

Niels Ryberg FinsenNiels Ryberg Finsen
15 December 1860, Danish
Physician
Andrew Taylor StillAndrew Taylor Still
06 August 1828, American
Physician
Anna Howard ShawAnna Howard Shaw
14 February 1847, American
Leader of the women's suffrage movement in the

Willem EinthovenWillem Einthoven
21 May 1860, Dutch
Inventor of the first practical ECG

Jose RizalJose Rizal
19 June 1861, Filipino
 

William James MayoWilliam James Mayo
29 June 1861, American
Physician and Surgeon
Charles Horace MayoCharles Horace Mayo
19 July 1865, American
Surgeon

Upendranath BrahmachariUpendranath Brahmachari
19 December 1873, Indian
Scientist

Philip Showalter HenchPhilip Showalter Hench
28 February 1896, American
Physician

Henry Hallett DaleHenry Hallett Dale
09 June 1875, British
Physiologist & Pharmacologist

Max TheilerMax Theiler
30 January 1899, South African
Virologist
Charles-Louis-Alphonse Laveran Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
18 June 1845, French
Physician

Christiaan EijkmanChristiaan Eijkman
11 August 1858, Dutch
Physician
Arthur KeithArthur Keith
05 February 1866, Welsh
Father of Modern Nationalism

Theodor BillrothTheodor Billroth
26 April 1829, Austrian, Croatian, Prussian
Surgeon

Walter Rudolf HessWalter Rudolf Hess
17 March 1881, Swiss
Physiologist
Henry FauldsHenry Faulds
01 June 1843, British
Scientist

Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron AdrianEdgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian
30 November 1889, British
Electrophysiologist
James PagetJames Paget
11 January 1814, British
Founder of scientific medical pathology.

Otto Fritz MeyerhofOtto Fritz Meyerhof
12 April 1884, German
Physician and Biochemist

Charles NicolleCharles Nicolle
21 September 1866, French
Bacteriologist

Harvey Williams CushingHarvey Williams Cushing
08 April 1869, American
Neurosurgeon

Allvar GullstrandAllvar Gullstrand
05 June 1862, Swedish
Ophthalmologist
Paul TournierPaul Tournier
12 May 1898, Swiss
Physician

Joseph ErlangerJoseph Erlanger
05 January 1874, American
Physiologist

Róbert BárányRóbert Bárány
22 April 1876, Austrian
Otologist

Theodor KocherTheodor Kocher
25 August 1841, Swiss
Surgeon
Ludvig PuuseppLudvig Puusepp
1875 AD, Estonian
Estonian surgeon,researcher and the world's first

Charles BestCharles Best
27 February 1899, Canadian, American
Co-discoverer of Insulin
George Richards MinotGeorge Richards Minot
02 December 1885, American
Medical Researcher

H. H. HolmesH. H. Holmes
16 May 1861, American
Criminal, Serial killer

Linda HazzardLinda Hazzard
1867 AD, American
physician
William Chester MinorWilliam Chester Minor
22 June 1834, American
lexicographer, linguist

Magnus HirschfeldMagnus Hirschfeld
14 May 1868, German
Physician, Writer, Psychologist, Screenwriter,
Wong Fei-hungWong Fei-hung
09 July 1847, Chinese
Physician, Acupuncturist

Theodor MorellTheodor Morell
22 July 1886, German
Physician

Samuel MuddSamuel Mudd
20 December 1833, American
Physician, Farmer, Politician
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
15 December 1859, Polish
Linguist, Ophthalmologist, Inventor, Poet,

John Bodkin AdamsJohn Bodkin Adams
21 January 1899, British
Physician, Serial killer
Walter Jackson Freeman IIWalter Jackson Freeman II
14 November 1895, American
American physician

Johann Friedrich BlumenbachJohann Friedrich Blumenbach
11 May 1752, German
Physician

Janusz KorczakJanusz Korczak
22 July 1878, Polish
Educationist, Pediatrician, Children's writer

Karen HorneyKaren Horney
16 September 1885, German
Psychoanalyst
Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841, French
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,
Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers
23 February 1883, Swiss, German
Philosopher, Psychiatrist, Physician, Theologian,

Franz MesmerFranz Mesmer
23 May 1734, German
Doctor

William Stewart HalstedWilliam Stewart Halsted
23 September 1852, American
Surgeon

Hudson TaylorHudson Taylor
21 May 1832, British
Physician, Translator, Theologian, Non-fiction
Walter ReedWalter Reed
13 September 1851, American
Military physician, Zoologist, Entomologist

A. J. CroninA. J. Cronin
19 July 1896, Scottish
Physician

Karl GebhardtKarl Gebhardt
23 November 1897, German
Surgeon, Torturer, University teacher

Alois AlzheimerAlois Alzheimer
14 June 1864, German
Psychiatrist, Neuropathologist

Arthur SchnitzlerArthur Schnitzler
15 May 1862, Austrian
Writer, Playwright, Physician, Screenwriter,
Ernst-Robert GrawitzErnst-Robert Grawitz
08 June 1899, German
Military physician, Internist, Torturer

Eduard BlochEduard Bloch
30 January 1872, Austrian
Physician
Egas MonizAntónio Egas Moniz
29 November 1874, Portuguese
Neurologist

Harvey CushingHarvey Cushing
08 April 1869, American
Physician, Neuroscientist, Neurosurgeon, Academic,
Max GersonMax Gerson
18 October 1881, German, American
Physician
John McCraeJohn McCrae
30 November 1872, Canadian
Poet