Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Physicians, including H. H. Holmes, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Jose Rizal and Jean Piaget.
Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
06 May 1856, Austrian
Neurologist, Psychiatrist
Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss
Psychiatrist

Jean PiagetJean Piaget
09 August 1896, Swiss
 

Ivan PavlovIvan Pavlov
26 September 1849, Russian
 

John Harvey KelloggJohn Harvey Kellogg
26 February 1852, American
Doctor, Inventor

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator
Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler
07 February 1870, Austrian
 

John SnowJohn Snow
15 March 1813, British
Physician

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting
14 November 1891, Canadian
Discoverer of Insulin

Ignaz SemmelweisIgnaz Semmelweis
01 July 1818, Austrian, Hungarian
Physician
Anandi Gopal JoshiAnandi Gopal Joshi
31 March 1865, Indian
First Indian Female Doctor

Joseph ListerJoseph Lister
05 April 1827, British
Surgeon and Scientist
Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834, German
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

Rudolf VirchowRudolf Virchow
13 October 1821, German
Doctor, Anthropologist

Elizabeth BlackwellElizabeth Blackwell
03 February 1821, American
First Woman Medical Graduate
Samuel HahnemannSamuel Hahnemann
10 April 1755, German
Founder of Homeopathy

Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857, British
Medical doctor
Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821, German
Physicist and Physician

William OslerWilliam Osler
12 July 1849, Canadian
Physician

Mary Edwards WalkerMary Edwards Walker
26 November 1832, American
Surgeon, Feminist, Activist
Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883, German
Physiologist & Physician

Norman BethuneNorman Bethune
03 March 1890, Canadian
Physician
Bidhan Chandra RoyBidhan Chandra Roy
01 July 1882, Indian
Political Leader, Physician

Santiago Ramón y CajalSantiago Ramón y Cajal
01 May 1852, Spanish
Father of Modern Neuroscience

Jean-Martin CharcotJean-Martin Charcot
29 November 1825, French
Neurologist

Hermann RorschachHermann Rorschach
08 November 1884, Swiss
Swiss psychiatrist
Havelock EllisHavelock Ellis
02 February 1859, British
Physician
Elizabeth Garrett AndersonElizabeth Garrett Anderson
09 June 1836, British
Mayor of Aldeburgh

Howard FloreyHoward Florey
24 September 1898, Australian
Pathologist and Pharmacologist

Alexis CarrelAlexis Carrel
28 June 1873, French
Surgeon, Biologist

Immanuel VelikovskyImmanuel Velikovsky
10 June 1895, Israeli
Author
Camillo GolgiCamillo Golgi
07 July 1843, Italian
Physician, Pathologist, Biologist

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Willem EinthovenWillem Einthoven
21 May 1860, Dutch
Inventor of the first practical ECG

Jose RizalJose Rizal
19 June 1861, Filipino
 

Daniel Hale WilliamsDaniel Hale Williams
18 January 1856, American
Surgeon

Henry GrayHenry Gray
1827 AD, British
Anatomist and surgeon
Andrew Taylor StillAndrew Taylor Still
06 August 1828, American
Physician

William James MayoWilliam James Mayo
29 June 1861, American
Physician and Surgeon
Anna Howard ShawAnna Howard Shaw
14 February 1847, American
Leader of the women's suffrage movement in the

Alexandre Émile John YersinAlexandre Yersin
22 September 1863, Swiss, French, Vietnamese
Discoverer of Yersinia Pestis

Henry Hallett DaleHenry Hallett Dale
09 June 1875, British
Physiologist & Pharmacologist
Charles Horace MayoCharles Horace Mayo
19 July 1865, American
Surgeon

Upendranath BrahmachariUpendranath Brahmachari
19 December 1873, Indian
Scientist
Niels Ryberg FinsenNiels Ryberg Finsen
15 December 1860, Danish
Physician

Max TheilerMax Theiler
30 January 1899, South African
Virologist

Charles-Louis-Alphonse Laveran Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
18 June 1845, French
Physician

Christiaan EijkmanChristiaan Eijkman
11 August 1858, Dutch
Physician

Allvar GullstrandAllvar Gullstrand
05 June 1862, Swedish
Ophthalmologist
Charles NicolleCharles Nicolle
21 September 1866, French
Bacteriologist

Otto Fritz MeyerhofOtto Fritz Meyerhof
12 April 1884, German
Physician and Biochemist

Walter Rudolf HessWalter Rudolf Hess
17 March 1881, Swiss
Physiologist

Philip Showalter HenchPhilip Showalter Hench
28 February 1896, American
Physician
Arthur KeithArthur Keith
05 February 1866, Welsh
Father of Modern Nationalism

Henry FauldsHenry Faulds
01 June 1843, British
Scientist
Joseph ErlangerJoseph Erlanger
05 January 1874, American
Physiologist

James PagetJames Paget
11 January 1814, British
Founder of scientific medical pathology.

Róbert BárányRóbert Bárány
22 April 1876, Austrian
Otologist
Theodor BillrothTheodor Billroth
26 April 1829, Austrian, Croatian, Prussian
Surgeon

Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron AdrianEdgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian
30 November 1889, British
Electrophysiologist
Harvey Williams CushingHarvey Williams Cushing
08 April 1869, American
Neurosurgeon

Paul TournierPaul Tournier
12 May 1898, Swiss
Physician

Ludvig PuuseppLudvig Puusepp
1875 AD, Estonian
Estonian surgeon,researcher and the world's first
Theodor KocherTheodor Kocher
25 August 1841, Swiss
Surgeon

Charles BestCharles Best
27 February 1899, Canadian, American
Co-discoverer of Insulin
George Richards MinotGeorge Richards Minot
02 December 1885, American
Medical Researcher

H. H. HolmesH. H. Holmes
16 May 1861, American
Criminal, Serial killer

Arthur Conan DoyleArthur Conan Doyle
22 May 1859, British
Physician, Writer, Poet, Cricketer, Novelist,

William Chester MinorWilliam Chester Minor
22 June 1834, American
lexicographer, linguist
Linda HazzardLinda Hazzard
1867 AD, American
physician
Magnus HirschfeldMagnus Hirschfeld
14 May 1868, German
Physician, Writer, Psychologist, Screenwriter,

Wong Fei-hungWong Fei-hung
09 July 1847, Chinese
Physician, Acupuncturist

Theodor MorellTheodor Morell
22 July 1886, German
Physician

Janusz KorczakJanusz Korczak
22 July 1878, Polish
Educationist, Pediatrician, Children's writer
Samuel MuddSamuel Mudd
20 December 1833, American
Physician, Farmer, Politician

Karen HorneyKaren Horney
16 September 1885, German
Psychoanalyst

John Bodkin AdamsJohn Bodkin Adams
21 January 1899, British
Physician, Serial killer

Walter Jackson Freeman IIWalter Jackson Freeman II
14 November 1895, American
American physician

Thomas C. DurantThomas C. Durant
06 February 1820, American
Physician
William Stewart HalstedWilliam Stewart Halsted
23 September 1852, American
Surgeon

L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
15 December 1859, Polish
Linguist, Ophthalmologist, Inventor, Poet,
Eduard BlochEduard Bloch
30 January 1872, Austrian
Physician

Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers
23 February 1883, Swiss, German
Philosopher, Psychiatrist, Physician, Theologian,

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841, French
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,
Alois AlzheimerAlois Alzheimer
14 June 1864, German
Psychiatrist, Neuropathologist

Hudson TaylorHudson Taylor
21 May 1832, British
Physician, Translator, Theologian, Non-fiction
Walter ReedWalter Reed
13 September 1851, American
Military physician, Zoologist, Entomologist

Johann Friedrich BlumenbachJohann Friedrich Blumenbach
11 May 1752, German
Physician

Thomas Neill CreamThomas Neill Cream
27 May 1850, British
Physician

Harvey CushingHarvey Cushing
08 April 1869, American
Physician, Neuroscientist, Neurosurgeon, Academic,
Thomas John BarnardoThomas John Barnardo
04 July 1845, Irish
Doctor

Karl GebhardtKarl Gebhardt
23 November 1897, German
Surgeon, Torturer, University teacher
Charles TupperCharles Tupper
02 July 1821, Canadian
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat, Physician

Sara Josephine BakerSara Josephine Baker
15 November 1873, American
Physician
Arthur SchnitzlerArthur Schnitzler
15 May 1862, Austrian
Writer, Playwright, Physician, Screenwriter,

Oswald AveryOswald Avery
21 October 1877, Canadian
Biologist, Physician, Geneticist
Wilfred BionWilfred Bion
08 September 1897, British
Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, Psychologist