Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Physicians, including H. H. Holmes, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Jose Rizal and Jean Piaget.
Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
06 May 1856, Austrian
Neurologist, Psychiatrist
Carl JungCarl Jung
26 July 1875, Swiss

Anandi Gopal JoshiAnandi Gopal Joshi
31 March 1865, Indian
First Indian Female Doctor

Jean PiagetJean Piaget
09 August 1896, Swiss

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator

Ivan PavlovIvan Pavlov
26 September 1849, Russian
Alfred AdlerAlfred Adler
07 February 1870, Austrian

Ignaz SemmelweisIgnaz Semmelweis
01 July 1818, Austrian, Hungarian

Rudolf VirchowRudolf Virchow
13 October 1821, German
Doctor, Anthropologist

Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834, German
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist
John SnowJohn Snow
15 March 1813, British

Frederick BantingFrederick Banting
14 November 1891, Canadian
Discoverer of Insulin
Joseph ListerJoseph Lister
05 April 1827, British
Surgeon and Scientist

Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857, British
Medical doctor

Jose RizalJose Rizal
19 June 1861, Filipino
Elizabeth BlackwellElizabeth Blackwell
03 February 1821, American
First Woman Medical Graduate

Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821, German
Physicist and Physician
Samuel HahnemannSamuel Hahnemann
10 April 1755, German
Founder of Homeopathy

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883, German
Physiologist & Physician

Santiago Ramón y CajalSantiago Ramón y Cajal
01 May 1852, Spanish
Father of Modern Neuroscience
Upendranath BrahmachariUpendranath Brahmachari
19 December 1873, Indian

Hermann RorschachHermann Rorschach
08 November 1884, Swiss
Swiss psychiatrist
Bidhan Chandra RoyBidhan Chandra Roy
01 July 1882, Indian
Political Leader, Physician

Norman BethuneNorman Bethune
03 March 1890, Canadian

Mary Edwards WalkerMary Edwards Walker
26 November 1832, American
Surgeon, Feminist, Activist

Elizabeth Garrett AndersonElizabeth Garrett Anderson
09 June 1836, British
Mayor of Aldeburgh
Jean-Martin CharcotJean-Martin Charcot
29 November 1825, French
Havelock EllisHavelock Ellis
02 February 1859, British

Howard FloreyHoward Florey
24 September 1898, Australian
Pathologist and Pharmacologist

Alexis CarrelAlexis Carrel
28 June 1873, French
Surgeon, Biologist

Camillo GolgiCamillo Golgi
07 July 1843, Italian
Physician, Pathologist, Biologist
Immanuel VelikovskyImmanuel Velikovsky
10 June 1895, Israeli

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Willem EinthovenWillem Einthoven
21 May 1860, Dutch
Inventor of the first practical ECG

Henry GrayHenry Gray
1827 AD, British
Anatomist and surgeon

Andrew Taylor StillAndrew Taylor Still
06 August 1828, American

William James MayoWilliam James Mayo
29 June 1861, American
Physician and Surgeon
Charles Horace MayoCharles Horace Mayo
19 July 1865, American

Alexandre Émile John YersinAlexandre Yersin
22 September 1863, Swiss, French, Vietnamese
Discoverer of Yersinia Pestis
Anna Howard ShawAnna Howard Shaw
14 February 1847, American
Leader of the women's suffrage movement in the

Henry Hallett DaleHenry Hallett Dale
09 June 1875, British
Physiologist & Pharmacologist

Max TheilerMax Theiler
30 January 1899, South African
Niels Ryberg FinsenNiels Ryberg Finsen
15 December 1860, Danish

Christiaan EijkmanChristiaan Eijkman
11 August 1858, Dutch
Charles-Louis-Alphonse Laveran Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
18 June 1845, French

Walter Rudolf HessWalter Rudolf Hess
17 March 1881, Swiss

Otto Fritz MeyerhofOtto Fritz Meyerhof
12 April 1884, German
Physician and Biochemist

Charles NicolleCharles Nicolle
21 September 1866, French

Henry FauldsHenry Faulds
01 June 1843, British
Allvar GullstrandAllvar Gullstrand
05 June 1862, Swedish

Joseph ErlangerJoseph Erlanger
05 January 1874, American

Róbert BárányRóbert Bárány
22 April 1876, Austrian

Philip Showalter HenchPhilip Showalter Hench
28 February 1896, American
James PagetJames Paget
11 January 1814, British
Founder of scientific medical pathology.

Theodor BillrothTheodor Billroth
26 April 1829, Austrian, Croatian, Prussian
Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron AdrianEdgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian
30 November 1889, British

Arthur KeithArthur Keith
05 February 1866, Welsh
Father of Modern Nationalism

Harvey Williams CushingHarvey Williams Cushing
08 April 1869, American
Paul TournierPaul Tournier
12 May 1898, Swiss

Theodor KocherTheodor Kocher
25 August 1841, Swiss
Charles BestCharles Best
27 February 1899, Canadian, American
Co-discoverer of Insulin

Ludvig PuuseppLudvig Puusepp
1875 AD, Estonian
Estonian surgeon,researcher and the world's first

George Richards MinotGeorge Richards Minot
02 December 1885, American
Medical Researcher
H. H. HolmesH. H. Holmes
16 May 1861, American
Criminal, Serial killer

Arthur Conan DoyleArthur Conan Doyle
22 May 1859, British
Physician, Writer, Poet, Cricketer, Novelist,
John Harvey KelloggJohn Harvey Kellogg
26 February 1852, American
Physician, Nutritionist

Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen
12 November 1866, Chinese, American
Politician, Physician, Philosopher

William Chester MinorWilliam Chester Minor
31 May 1834, American
lexicographer, linguist

Thomas C. DurantThomas C. Durant
06 February 1820, American
Wong Fei-hungWong Fei-hung
09 July 1847, Chinese
Physician, Acupuncturist
Cesare LombrosoCesare Lombroso
06 November 1835, Italian
Physician, Writer, Criminologist, Psychiatrist,

Magnus HirschfeldMagnus Hirschfeld
14 May 1868, German
Physician, Writer, Psychologist, Screenwriter,

Linda HazzardLinda Hazzard
1867 AD, American

Theodor MorellTheodor Morell
22 July 1886, German
Janusz KorczakJanusz Korczak
22 July 1878, Polish
Educationist, Pediatrician, Children's writer

Samuel MuddSamuel Mudd
20 December 1833, American
Physician, Farmer, Politician

John Bodkin AdamsJohn Bodkin Adams
21 January 1899, British
Physician, Serial killer

L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
15 December 1859, Polish
Linguist, Ophthalmologist, Inventor, Poet,

William Stewart HalstedWilliam Stewart Halsted
23 September 1852, American
Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers
23 February 1883, Swiss, German
Philosopher, Psychiatrist, Physician, Theologian,

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841, French
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,
Hudson TaylorHudson Taylor
21 May 1832, British
Physician, Translator, Theologian, Non-fiction

Alois AlzheimerAlois Alzheimer
14 June 1864, German
Psychiatrist, Neuropathologist

Max GersonMax Gerson
18 October 1881, German, American
Julius Wagner-JaureggJulius Wagner-Jauregg
07 March 1857, Austrian
Physician, Politician, Neurologist, Psychiatrist,

Walter ReedWalter Reed
13 September 1851, American
Military physician, Zoologist, Entomologist
Wilder PenfieldWilder Penfield
26 January 1891, Canadian
Surgeon, Neuroscientist, Neurosurgeon, University

Karl GebhardtKarl Gebhardt
23 November 1897, German
Surgeon, Torturer, University teacher

Charles TupperCharles Tupper
02 July 1821, Canadian
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat, Physician

Arthur SchnitzlerArthur Schnitzler
15 May 1862, Austrian
Writer, Playwright, Physician, Screenwriter,
Paul BrocaPaul Broca
28 June 1824, French
Physician, Anatomist, Anthropologist,

Harvey CushingHarvey Cushing
08 April 1869, American
Physician, Neuroscientist, Neurosurgeon, Academic,
Fritz PerlsFritz Perls
08 July 1893, German
Psychologist, Psychiatrist

Eduard BlochEduard Bloch
30 January 1872, Austrian
Wilfred BionWilfred Bion
08 September 1897, British
Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, Psychologist

Oswald AveryOswald Avery
21 October 1877, Canadian
Biologist, Physician, Geneticist
Daniel Hale WilliamsDaniel Hale Williams
18 January 1856, American