Throughout history, there have been many women astronomers who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female astronomers such as Mae Jemison, Annie Jump Cannon, Maria Mitchell, Caroline Herschel, Kathleen Ollerenshaw.The women astronomers featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
HypatiaHypatia
0370 AD, Ancient Roman
Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer
Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American
Astronomer

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German
Astronomer

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863, American
Astronomer

Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
01 August 1818, American
Astronomer

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
10 May 1900, British, American
Astronomer, University teacher
Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
15 July 1943, British
Astronomer, Astrophysicist

Vera RubinVera Rubin
23 July 1928, American
Astronomer

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller
American
 
Williamina FlemingWilliamina Fleming
15 May 1857, British, American, Scottish
Astronomer

Amy MainzerAmy Mainzer
02 January 1974, American
astronomer
Valerie ThomasValerie Thomas
1943 AD, American
scientist and inventor

Sophia BraheSophia Brahe
 

Kathleen OllerenshawKathleen Ollerenshaw
01 October 1912, British
Mathematician, Astronomer, Politician, Author,
Maria Margarethe KirchMaria Margarethe Kirch
25 February 1670, German
Astronomer

Venetia PhairVenetia Phair
11 July 1918, British
Amateur astronomer