Throughout history, there have been many women astronomers who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female astronomers such as Mae Jemison, Annie Jump Cannon, Maria Mitchell, Caroline Herschel, Kathleen Ollerenshaw.The women astronomers featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
HypatiaHypatia
0370 AD, Ancient Roman
Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer
Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American
Astronomer

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German
Astronomer

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863, American
Astronomer

Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
01 August 1818, American
Astronomer

Williamina FlemingWilliamina Fleming
15 May 1857, British, American, Scottish
Astronomer
Margaret BurbidgeMargaret Burbidge
12 August 1919, British, American
Astrophysicist

Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
15 July 1943, British
Astronomer, Astrophysicist

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
10 May 1900, British, American
Astronomer, University teacher
Vera RubinVera Rubin
23 July 1928, American
Astronomer

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Jan DavisJan Davis
01 November 1953, American
Astronaut

Valerie ThomasValerie Thomas
1943 AD, American
scientist and inventor

Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller
American
 

Carolyn S. ShoemakerCarolyn S. Shoemaker
24 June 1929, American
Astronomer

Amy MainzerAmy Mainzer
02 January 1974, American
astronomer
Sophia BraheSophia Brahe
 

Helen Sawyer HoggHelen Sawyer Hogg
01 August 1905, American
Astronomer

Kathleen OllerenshawKathleen Ollerenshaw
01 October 1912, British
Mathematician, Astronomer, Politician, Author,

Sarah Frances WhitingSarah Frances Whiting
23 August 1847, American
Astronomer
Mary Watson WhitneyMary Watson Whitney
11 September 1847, American
Astronomer

Maria Margarethe KirchMaria Margarethe Kirch
25 February 1670, German
Astronomer
Venetia PhairVenetia Phair
11 July 1918, British
Amateur astronomer