Theologians

A theologian may refer to someone who is specialized in the study of god and various religious beliefs and delve into the subject of religion and rational questions relating to god. They are educated and well versed in the various concepts, ideas, notions and the approaches to god and religious beliefs. Theologists may have acquired a formal degree in religious studies, philosophy or may be a part of any religious organization or place of faith. The English word theology came into existence in 1362 and by the 17th century it became recognized field of study and practice. Theologists may be involved in the study of either one religion or they may also be well versed in different religions that exist around the world. The different kinds of theologists may include Christian Theologists, Hindu theologists, Buddhist theologists, Jewish theologists and Islamic theologists. The various disciplines that come under the frame work of theology include anthropology of religion, comparative religion, and history of religion, philosophy of religion, psychology of religion and sociology of religion. Here is an exhaustive compilation of some of the world’s famous theologists, learn more about them with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Thomas Aquinas

Thomas Aquinas
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Famous As: Philosophers, Theologian
Birthdate: January 28, 1225
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Italian
Died: March 7, 1274
Dominican friar and Catholic priest Thomas Aquinas was also a Doctor of the Church. He tried to mingle Aristotelian philosophy and Christianity. His works, including Summa Theologica and Disputed Questions on Truth, and his views on the Scriptures have been studied as prominent texts on theology, philosophy, and canon law.

 2 Martin Luther

Martin Luther
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Famous As: Father of Protestantism and Church Reformer
Birthdate: November 10, 1483
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: February 18, 1546

German monk Martin Luther challenged the dogmas of Roman Catholicism and the authority of the pope, in his Ninety-five Theses, and was thus excommunicated. His German translation of the Bible enriched the German culture, and his marriage set an example for clerical marriage. His teachings are now known as Lutherans.

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 3 Philip Melanchthon

Philip Melanchthon
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Famous As: Reformer
Birthdate: February 16, 1497
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: April 19, 1560

 4 Balthasar Hubmaier

Balthasar Hubmaier
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Nationality: German
Died: March 10, 1528
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 5 Walther Eichrodt

Walther Eichrodt
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Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: August 1, 1890
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: May 20, 1978

 6 Soren Kierkegaard

Soren Kierkegaard
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Famous As: Philosopher, Theologian & Religious Author
Birthdate: May 5, 1813
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Danish
Died: November 11, 1855
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 7 Søren Kierkegaard

Søren Kierkegaard
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 5, 1813
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Danish
Died: November 11, 1855

Søren Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher, religious author, poet, theologian, and social critic. He is widely regarded as the first existentialist philosopher. Many 20th-century philosophers drew concepts from Kierkegaard. Those influenced by Kierkegaard include Paul Feyerabend, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Jacques Ellul, and Jorge Luis Borges. Kierkegaard also had a major influence on psychology and is considered the founder of Christian psychology.

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 8 Avicenna

Avicenna
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Famous As: Persian Plymath
Birthdate: 0980 AD
Died: May 31, 1037
Renowned as father of early modern medicine, Avicenna was an illustrious Persian polymath. He is specifically distingusihed for his contributions in the fields of medicine and Aristotelian philisophy. He is best-known for his works namely, The Canon of Medicine and The Book of Healing. The corpus of his writings also include alchemy, geology, psychology, geography, physics, poetry and Islamic theology.
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 9 Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu
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Famous As: Anti-Apartheid Activist
Birthdate: October 7, 1931
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: South African
Desmond Tutu is known for his anti-Apartheid activism in South Africa. The first black Archbishop of Cape Town, he has also been the Bishop of Johannesburg. His efforts to eradicate AIDS, poverty, anti-LGBT sentiments, and human rights violations earned him the Nobel Peace Prize and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 10 Jimmy Swaggart

Jimmy Swaggart
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Famous As: Singer, Theologian, Pianist
Birthdate: March 15, 1935
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
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 11 Adi Shankara

Adi Shankara
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Famous As: Advaita Philosopher
Birthdate: 0788 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0820 AD
Indian philosopher and theologian Adi Shankaracharya, or Adi Shankara, promoted the Hindu philosophy of Advaita Vedanta. His Sanskrit works talk about concepts such as the Ātman and Nirguna Brahman. He criticized the Mīmāṃsā school and explained the differences between Hinduism and Buddhism. He also established four "mathas," or monasteries.

 12 Anthony of Padua

Anthony of Padua
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Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: August 15, 1195
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Portuguese
Died: June 13, 1231

Thirteenth-century Portuguese Catholic priest Anthony of Padua was the friar of the Franciscan Order. He is remembered for his self-less devotion to the poor and the sick and is revered as the patron saint of lost items. He was declared a Doctor of the Church in 1946.

 13 Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: September 16, 1098
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: September 17, 1179

Hildegard of Bingen was a German writer, composer, Christian mystic, visionary, philosopher, polymath, and Benedictine abbess of the High Middle Ages. Apart from being the most-recorded composers of sacred monophony in modern history, Hildegard of Bingen is also widely regarded as the founder of scientific natural history.

 14 William Penn

William Penn
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Famous As: Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania
Birthdate: October 14, 1644
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: July 30, 1718

William Penn was a writer and one of the earliest members of the Quakers. He is credited with founding the Province of Pennsylvania. He also oversaw the planning and development of the city of Philadelphia. Penn has several universities and schools named in his honor, including the William Penn University in Iowa. 

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 15 Desiderius Erasmus

Desiderius Erasmus
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: October 27, 1466
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Dutch
Died: July 12, 1536

Born as an illegitimate child of a priest from Rotterdam, Desiderius Erasmus later grew up to be a significant figure of the northern Renaissance. He is remembered for his research on free will and for being the first to edit the New Testament, replacing traditional elements with new-age humanism.

 16 George Pell

George Pell
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Famous As: Cardinal
Birthdate: June 8, 1941
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Australian
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 17 Al-Ghazālī

Al-Ghazālī
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1058 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: December 19, 1111

 18 Girolamo Savonarola

Girolamo Savonarola
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Famous As: Monk
Birthdate: September 21, 1452
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Italian
Died: May 23, 1498
Distingusihed for his clash against corrupt clergy and with tyrranical rulers, Girolamo Savonarola became a moral dictator of the city of Florence. He earned a reputation for austerity and detested every form of pleasure that earned him powerful enemies.

 19 William Tyndale

William Tyndale
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Nationality: British
Died: October 6, 1536

English scholar, William Tyndale, became a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. He is known for translating the Bible into English. An active writer, he wrote extensively on political issues and religion. He was accused of heresy and condemned to be burned to death. Executed in 1536, he is honored as a martyr.

 20 Albert Schweitzer

Albert Schweitzer
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Famous As: Philosopher, Theologian
Birthdate: January 14, 1875
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: September 4, 1965

Albert Schweitzer was an Alsatian polymath who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952 for his philosophical work, Reverence for Life. He is credited with founding the Albert Schweitzer Hospital, which was a direct result of his philosophical expression. Schweitzer is also credited with influencing the Organ reform movement, which began in the mid-20th-century.

 21 John Wycliffe

John Wycliffe
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Famous As: Philosopher, Theologian
Birthdate: 1328 AD
Nationality: British
Died: December 31, 1384

 22 John F. MacArthur

John F. MacArthur
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: June 19, 1939
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 23 Origen

Origen
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: 0184 AD
Nationality: Egyptian
Died: 0254 AD

Origen was an early Christian ascetic, scholar, and theologian. Also a prolific writer, Origen wrote as many as 2,000 treatises, including biblical exegesis, textual criticism, biblical hermeneutics, spirituality, and homiletics. Origen is widely considered one of the most prominent Christian theologians, although his teachings on the existence of souls were vehemently rejected by the Church.

 24 Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab

Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: 1703 AD
Nationality: Saudi Arabian
Died: June 22, 1792

 25 John Henry Newman

John Henry Newman
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: February 21, 1801
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: August 11, 1890

 26 Muhammad al-Bukhari

Muhammad al-Bukhari
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Famous As: Islamic Scholar
Birthdate: July 19, 0810
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Uzbekistan
Died: September 1, 0870
Following his pilgrimage to Mecca at 16 and his travels in Egypt, Muhammad al-Bukhari devoted all his time compiling Hadith, or the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. The Islamic scholar is known for penning Al-Taʾrīkh al-kabīr and spent his final years in exile after disputes in Nishapur and Bukhara.

 27 Reinhold Niebuhr

Reinhold Niebuhr
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: June 21, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: June 1, 1971

 28 Francis Chan

Francis Chan
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Famous As: Theologian, Author
Birthdate: August 31, 1967
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 29 Abū Ḥanīfah

Abū Ḥanīfah
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: September 5, 0698
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Iraqi
Died: June 14, 0767

 30 Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi

Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
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Famous As: Islamic Scholar, Reformer
Birthdate: June 14, 1856
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian
Died: October 28, 1921

Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi, also known as Ala-Hazrat, was a renowned Islamic scholar and an Urdu poet. Born in Bareilly, British India, he belonged to a family of Rohilla Pushtuns who had migrated from Qandahar. He wrote about various subjects such as philosophy, science, and astronomy.

 31 Roger Williams

Roger Williams
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: December 21, 1603
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British, American
Died: 1683 AD

 32 Barnabas

Barnabas
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Cypriot
Died: 0061 AD

 33 John Hagee

John Hagee
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Famous As: Pastor, Theologian, Saxophonist
Birthdate: April 12, 1940
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 34 Joseph Priestley

Joseph Priestley
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Famous As: Discoverer of Oxygen
Birthdate: March 24, 1733
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: February 6, 1804

 35 Ambrose

Ambrose
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Famous As: Doctor
Birthdate: 0340 AD
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: April 4, 0397

 36 Bernard of Clairvaux

Bernard of Clairvaux
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Famous As: Abbot
Birthdate: 1090 AD
Nationality: French
Died: August 20, 1153

 37 Emmanuel Swedenborg

Emmanuel Swedenborg
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: January 29, 1688
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: March 29, 1772

 38 Martin Niemöller

Martin Niemöller
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: January 14, 1892
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: March 6, 1984
Best remembered for the quote “First they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out...,” Martin Niemöller was a German pastor who tried to counter discrimination against Christian converts with Jewish heritage. His Confessing Church was perhaps his apology for initially being a Nazi sympathizer.

 39 Abdul Qadir Gilani

Abdul Qadir Gilani
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Famous As: Preacher
Birthdate: March 17, 1078
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Iranian
Died: February 21, 1166

 40 Anselm of Canterbury

Anselm of Canterbury
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Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 1033 AD
Nationality: Italian
Died: April 21, 1109

Owing to his quality classical education, Anselm of Canterbury became one of the finest Latinists of his time. As Archbishop of Canterbury, he resisted the English kings and was exiled. He is now remembered as a significant figure in the Investiture Controversy, which pitted the king against the pope.

 41 William Lane Craig

William Lane Craig
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Famous As: Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher, Writer
Birthdate: August 23, 1949
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

 42 Saint Cyril

Saint Cyril
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Famous As: Christian theologians
Birthdate: 0826 AD
Nationality: Greek
Died: February 14, 0869

 43 R. C. Sproul

R. C. Sproul
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Famous As: Theologian, Philosopher, Non-fiction writer, University teacher
Birthdate: February 13, 1939
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 44 Max Lucado

Max Lucado
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Famous As: Theologian, Writer
Birthdate: January 11, 1955
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

 45 Peter Abelard

Peter Abelard
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1079 AD
Nationality: French
Died: April 21, 1142

Medieval French philosopher, theologian, and poet Peter Abelard was born to a knight but gave up his inheritance to study philosophy and logic. He fell in love with his pupil, Héloïse, but her uncle got Abelard castrated, following which Abelard became a monk and made Héloïse a nun.

 46 Israr Ahmed

Israr Ahmed
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Famous As: Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher
Birthdate: April 26, 1932
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Pakistani
Died: April 14, 2010

 47 Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Ahmad ibn Hanbal
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Famous As: Jurist
Birthdate: 0780 AD
Nationality: Iraqi
Died: 0855 AD

Ahmad ibn Hanbal was an Arab Muslim theologian, jurist, hadith traditionist, and ascetic. He is credited with founding one of the four prominent legal schools of Sunni Islam, the Hanbali school of Sunni jurisprudence. A highly active and influential scholar, Ahmad ibn Hanbal is widely regarded as one of the most respected intellectual personalities in the history of Islam.

 48 Paul Tillich

Paul Tillich
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Birthdate: August 20, 1886
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German, American
Died: October 22, 1965

German-American theologian and philosopher Paul Tillich is remembered for his work in the field of Christian existentialism and for concepts such as the method of correlation. His notable works, such as The Courage to Be and the three-volume Systematic Theology, has inspired intellectual thinkers and commoners alike.

 49 Rowan Douglas Williams

Rowan Douglas Williams
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: June 14, 1950
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British

 50 Adnan Oktar

Adnan Oktar
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Famous As: Writer, Theologian
Birthdate: February 2, 1956
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Turkish
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