Ethnologists

Ethnologists are involved in the analysis, examination and the study of different human cultures that exist in the society; they examine and scrutinize social structures, language, religion and technology. Ethnology is a branch in the field of anthropology that deals with the analysis and the study of the origin, distribution and characteristics of the human race. Ethnologists study human beings on the basis of their race and other characteristics and do a comparative and analytical study of cultures. Ethnologist may be involved in tedious research and they will analyze humans based on the data they have collected and then compiled. Ethnologist may also be involved in the study of animals. The term ethology originated around 1783, when historian and ethnologist Adam Franz Kollár used the term in one of his publications. By the 19th and 20th century, many scientists began to explore the behavioral patterns of selected species. The Ethnologists are thus involved in the study of behavior in their natural habitats and assess behavioral patterns based on cause, development, evolution and function. To get to know more facts about some of the most famous ethnologist, continue to read some of their detailed biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Terence McKenna

Terence McKenna
4
Famous As: Ethnobotanist
Birthdate: November 16, 1946
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paonia, Colorado, United States
Died: April 3, 2000
Philosopher, ethnobotanist, and public speaker Terence McKenna was the proponent of concepts such as the Novelty Theory and Machine Elf. His work revolved around subjects such as psychedelic drugs, shamanism, alchemy, and metaphysics. He wrote several books and supported the usage of psychedelic mushrooms to experience different states of mind.

 2 Thor Heyerdahl

Thor Heyerdahl
4
Famous As: Adventurer
Birthdate: October 6, 1914
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Larvik, Norway
Died: April 18, 2002
Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl’s early interest in nature was inspired by his museum worker mother’s keen interest in Darwin’s theory of evolution. He often went on treks accompanied by his dog and later lived on Fatu Hiva with his wife. His later expeditions included his Kon-Tiki and Easter Island trips.

 3 Desmond Morris

Desmond Morris
4
Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: January 24, 1928
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Purton, Wiltshire, England
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 4 Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir
4
Famous As: Anthropologist, Linguist, Sociolinguist, University teacher, Ethnologist
Birthdate: January 26, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lębork
Died: February 4, 1939

Edward Sapir was an anthropologist-linguist. He played a pivotal role in the development of the discipline of linguistics in USA. He studied Germanic linguistics at Columbia and later researched Native American languages. He was an expert in the study of Athabascan languages and Chinookan languages. He also worked with Yiddish, Hebrew, and Chinese languages. 

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 5 W. H. R. Rivers

W. H. R. Rivers
4
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: March 12, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chatham, Kent, England
Died: June 4, 1922

English anthropologist and psychologist W. H. R. Rivers is best remembered for his work on the Todas of the Nilgiri Hills. A qualified physician, he also taught at Cambridge and worked extensively on medical psychology. One of his best-known works is Kinship and Social Organisation.

 6 Georg Forster

Georg Forster
4
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: November 27, 1754
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mokry Dwór, Poland
Died: January 10, 1794
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 7 Augustus Pitt Rivers

Augustus Pitt Rivers
4
Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: April 14, 1827
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bramham cum Oglethorpe, England
Died: May 4, 1900
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 8 Arnold van Gennep

Arnold van Gennep
4
Famous As: Ethnographer
Birthdate: April 23, 1873
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ludwigsburg, Germany
Died: May 7, 1957
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 9 Henry Schoolcraft

Henry Schoolcraft
4
Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: March 28, 1793
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Guilderland, New York, United States
Died: December 10, 1864

 10 Leo Frobenius

Leo Frobenius
3
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: June 29, 1873
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 9, 1938
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 11 Miguel Covarrubias

Miguel Covarrubias
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 22, 1904
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: February 4, 1957

Miguel Covarrubias donned many hats, and apart from being a painter and caricaturist, he was also a fine writer, an anthropologist, and an ethnologist. He explored the cultures of South East Asians and North American Indians and also co-discovered the Olmec Mesoamerican civilization. He designed theater sets and costumes, too.

 12 Adolf Bastian

Adolf Bastian
3
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: June 26, 1826
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bremen, Germany
Died: February 2, 1905

 13 Frances Densmore

Frances Densmore
3
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: May 21, 1867
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Red Wing, Minnesota, United States
Died: June 5, 1957

 14 Franz Nopcsa von Felso-Szilvas

Franz Nopcsa von Felso-Szilvas
0
Famous As: Geologist, Paleontologist and Albanologist
Birthdate: May 3, 1877
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Deva, Romania
Died: April 25, 1933
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 15 James Mooney

James Mooney
3
Famous As: Ethnographer
Birthdate: February 10, 1861
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Richmond, Indiana, United States
Died: December 22, 1921

 16 Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay

Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay
0
Famous As: Explorer, Anthropologist
Birthdate: July 17, 1846
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Yazykovo, Russia
Died: April 14, 1888
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 17 Lucien Lévy-Bruhl

Lucien Lévy-Bruhl
3
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: April 10, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 13, 1939

Lucien Lévy-Bruhl was a French scholar best remembered for his contributions to the fields of ethnology and sociology. Although he was trained in philosophy, Lévy-Bruhl helped further anthropology. His work had a major influence on the works of Carl Gustav Jung, especially his psychological theory.

 18 Hubert Howe Bancroft

Hubert Howe Bancroft
3
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: May 5, 1832
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Granville, Ohio,United States
Died: March 2, 1918

 19 Jovan Cvijić

Jovan Cvijić
0
Famous As: Geographer, Ethnologist
Birthdate: September 12, 1865
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Loznica, Serbia
Died: January 16, 1927

 20 Clinton Hart Merriam

Clinton Hart Merriam
3
Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: December 5, 1855
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: March 19, 1942

 21 Alsarah

Alsarah
3
Famous As: Ethnomusicologist, Musicologist
Birthdate: 1982 AD
Birthplace: Khartoum, Sudan

 22 Ludwig Mylius-Erichsen

Ludwig Mylius-Erichsen
1
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: January 15, 1872
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Viborg, Denmark
Died: November 25, 1907

Ludwig Mylius-Erichsen was a Danish ethnologist, explorer, and author. He is renowned for his explorations of Greenland. Mylius-Erichsen is credited with proving the nonexistence of the Peary Channel, thereby proving that American explorer Robert Peary was wrong. It was assumed that the channel existed until Ejnar Mikkelsen found Mylius-Erichsen's report in a cairn after Mylius-Erichsen’s death during his last exploration.

 23 Wilhelm Schmidt

Wilhelm Schmidt
3
Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: February 16, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hörde, Germany
Died: February 10, 1954

 24 Amadou Hampâté Bâ

Amadou Hampâté Bâ
0
Famous As: He was an influential figure in twentieth-century African literature and cultural heritage
Birthdate: 1901 AD
Birthplace: Bandiagara, Mali
Died: May 15, 1991

 25 Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied

Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied
3
Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: September 23, 1782
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Neuwied, Germany
Died: February 3, 1867

 26 Raymond Firth

Raymond Firth
3
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: March 25, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Auckland, New Zealand
Died: February 22, 2002

 27 Charles Gabriel Seligman

Charles Gabriel Seligman
3
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 24, 1873
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 19, 1940
Charles Gabriel Seligman was a British physician and ethnologist whose main ethnographic work described the culture of the Vedda people of Sri Lanka and the Shilluk people of the Sudan. He was a proponent of the Hamitic hypothesis and promoted scientific racism through his work. Considered to be a highly influential teacher, Seligman was also a Professor at the London School of Economics.

 28 Eric von Rosen

Eric von Rosen
0
Famous As: Explorer, Ethnographer
Birthdate: June 2, 1879
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Skeppsholm church parish
Died: April 25, 1948

Eric von Rosen was a Swedish explorer and ethnographer. An important figure in the Swedish upper class, Rosen gifted the newly independent state of Finland an aircraft in 1918, which signified the dawn of the Finnish Air Force. Eric von Rosen is also credited with popularizing the swastika in Sweden as he used the symbol as a personal owner's mark.  

 29 Frank Hamilton Cushing

Frank Hamilton Cushing
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Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: July 22, 1857
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: North East Township, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: April 10, 1900

 30 Gonçalves Dias

Gonçalves Dias
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 10, 1823
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caxias, State of Maranhão, Brazil
Died: November 3, 1864

Gonçalves Dias was a Brazilian lawyer, poet, playwright, ethnographer, and linguist. A major figure of Brazilian Romanticism, he is credited with having composed Canção do exílio, often considered the best known poem of Brazilian literature. He was posthumously awarded the title of national poet of Brazil and is the patron of the 15th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. 

 31 Alice Cunningham Fletcher

Alice Cunningham Fletcher
2
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: March 15, 1838
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba
Died: April 6, 1923

 32 Robert Ranulph Marett

Robert Ranulph Marett
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: June 13, 1866
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Jersey, Channel Islands
Died: February 18, 1943
British ethnologist Robert Ranulph Marett was a proponent of the British Evolutionary School of cultural anthropology. He is noted for his studies of the evolution of moral philosophy and religious beliefs and practices. Marett helped found the Oxford University Anthropological Society in 1999. His major works include The Threshold of Religion, Anthropology as well as Psychology and Folklore.

 33 Alfred Cort Haddon

Alfred Cort Haddon
2
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: May 24, 1855
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: April 20, 1940

A pioneer of British anthropology, Alfred Cort Haddon is remembered for his contribution of over three decades to Cambridge. While he initially went to the Torres Strait to study marine biology, he later devoted himself to the study of the indigenous people. His History of Anthropology remains his best-known work.

 34 James Cowles Prichard

James Cowles Prichard
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 11, 1786
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ross, England
Died: December 23, 1848

 35 Natalie Curtis

Natalie Curtis
2
Famous As: Ethnomusicologist
Birthdate: April 26, 1875
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 23, 1921

 36 Matthias Castrén

Matthias Castrén
2
Famous As: Ethnologists
Birthdate: December 2, 1813
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tervola, Finland
Died: May 7, 1852

Matthias Castrén was a Finnish Swedish philologist and ethnologist. He served as an educator, linguist, and author at the University of Helsinki. Castrén is best remembered for his research in the ethnography and linguistics of the Finnic, Samoyedic, and Ugric peoples. In 1990, the M. A. Castrén Society was established in Helsinki in his honor.

 37 Ella Cara Deloria

Ella Cara Deloria
2
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: January 31, 1889
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yankton Reservation, South Dakota, United States
Died: February 12, 1971

 38 William Bascom

William Bascom
2
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: May 23, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Princeton, Illinois, United States
Died: September 11, 1981

 39 Francis La Flesche

Francis La Flesche
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: December 25, 1857
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Omaha Reservation, United States
Died: September 5, 1932

 40 Shtjefën Gjeçovi

Shtjefën Gjeçovi
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: July 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Janjevo, Prizren Vilayet, Kosovo
Died: October 14, 1929

 41 Paul Rivet

Paul Rivet
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: May 7, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wassigny, France
Died: March 21, 1958

 42 William Churchill

William Churchill
0
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: October 5, 1859
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: June 8, 1920

 43 William John McGee

William John McGee
2
Famous As: Geologist, Anthropologist, & Ethnologist
Birthdate: April 17, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Farley, Iowa, United States
Died: September 4, 1912

 44 Abraham Zevi Idelsohn

Abraham Zevi Idelsohn
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: July 14, 1882
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Felixberg, Latvia
Died: August 14, 1938

 45 Walter Baldwin Spencer

Walter Baldwin Spencer
2
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: June 23, 1860
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stretford, England
Died: July 14, 1929

English biologist and anthropologist Walter Baldwin Spencer is remembered for his pioneering study of the indigenous population of Australia. He initially taught biology but later drifted to anthropology. He was also knighted but died while on an expedition to study the Ushuaia of the Tierra del Fuego.

 46 Paul-Émile Victor

Paul-Émile Victor
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: June 28, 1907
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: March 7, 1995

 47 Horatio Hale

Horatio Hale
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: May 3, 1817
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Newport, New Hampshire, United States
Died: December 28, 1896

 48 Alfred Métraux

Alfred Métraux
2
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: November 5, 1902
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lausanne, Switzerland
Died: April 12, 1963

 49 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg

Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: September 8, 1814
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bourbourg, France
Died: January 8, 1874

 50 John Ferguson McLennan

John Ferguson McLennan
1
Famous As: Advocate
Birthdate: October 14, 1827
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Inverness, Scotland
Died: June 16, 1881