Ethnologists

Ethnologists are involved in the analysis, examination and the study of different human cultures that exist in the society; they examine and scrutinize social structures, language, religion and technology. Ethnology is a branch in the field of anthropology that deals with the analysis and the study of the origin, distribution and characteristics of the human race. Ethnologists study human beings on the basis of their race and other characteristics and do a comparative and analytical study of cultures. Ethnologist may be involved in tedious research and they will analyze humans based on the data they have collected and then compiled. Ethnologist may also be involved in the study of animals. The term ethology originated around 1783, when historian and ethnologist Adam Franz Kollár used the term in one of his publications. By the 19th and 20th century, many scientists began to explore the behavioral patterns of selected species. The Ethnologists are thus involved in the study of behavior in their natural habitats and assess behavioral patterns based on cause, development, evolution and function. To get to know more facts about some of the most famous ethnologist, continue to read some of their detailed biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Rudolf Virchow

Rudolf Virchow.
4
Famous As: Doctor, Anthropologist
Birthdate: October 13, 1821
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Schivelbein, Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia
Died: September 5, 1902

Rudolf Virchow was a German physician, pathologist, anthropologist, biologist, prehistorian, editor, writer, and politician. Nicknamed the Pope of medicine by his colleagues, Virchow is credited with founding the field of social medicine. He is also widely regarded as the father of modern pathology.  Rudolf Virchow was the first person to name diseases, such as thrombosis, leukemia, ochronosis, embolism, and chordoma.

 2 Desmond Morris

Desmond Morris.
4
Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: January 24, 1928
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Purton, Wiltshire, England
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 3 Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir.
4
Famous As: Anthropologist, Linguist, Sociolinguist, University teacher, Ethnologist
Birthdate: January 26, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lębork
Died: February 4, 1939

Edward Sapir was an anthropologist-linguist. He played a pivotal role in the development of the discipline of linguistics in USA. He studied Germanic linguistics at Columbia and later researched Native American languages. He was an expert in the study of Athabascan languages and Chinookan languages. He also worked with Yiddish, Hebrew, and Chinese languages. 

 4 W. H. R. Rivers

W. H. R. Rivers.
4
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: March 12, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chatham, Kent, England
Died: June 4, 1922

English anthropologist and psychologist W. H. R. Rivers is best remembered for his work on the Todas of the Nilgiri Hills. A qualified physician, he also taught at Cambridge and worked extensively on medical psychology. One of his best-known works is Kinship and Social Organisation.

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 5 Georg Forster

Georg Forster.
4
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: November 27, 1754
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mokry Dwór, Poland
Died: January 10, 1794

 6 Arnold van Gennep

Arnold van Gennep
4
Famous As: Ethnographer
Birthdate: April 23, 1873
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ludwigsburg, Germany
Died: May 7, 1957
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 7 Henry Schoolcraft

Henry Schoolcraft
4
Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: March 28, 1793
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Guilderland, New York, United States
Died: December 10, 1864
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 8 Leo Frobenius

Leo Frobenius
3
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: June 29, 1873
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 9, 1938
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 9 Miguel Covarrubias

Miguel Covarrubias
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 22, 1904
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: February 4, 1957

 10 Adolf Bastian

Adolf Bastian
3
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: June 26, 1826
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bremen, Germany
Died: February 2, 1905
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 11 Frances Densmore

Frances Densmore
3
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: May 21, 1867
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Red Wing, Minnesota, United States
Died: June 5, 1957

 12 James Mooney

James Mooney
3
Famous As: Ethnographer
Birthdate: February 10, 1861
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Richmond, Indiana, United States
Died: December 22, 1921

 13 Lucien Lévy-Bruhl

Lucien Lévy-Bruhl
3
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: April 10, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 13, 1939

 14 Hubert Howe Bancroft

Hubert Howe Bancroft
3
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: May 5, 1832
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Granville, Ohio,United States
Died: March 2, 1918
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 15 Alsarah

Alsarah
3
Famous As: Ethnomusicologist, Musicologist
Birthdate: 1982 AD
Birthplace: Khartoum, Sudan

 16 Clinton Hart Merriam

Clinton Hart Merriam
3
Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: December 5, 1855
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: March 19, 1942
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 17 Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied

Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied
3
Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: September 23, 1782
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Neuwied, Germany
Died: February 3, 1867

 18 Wilhelm Schmidt

Wilhelm Schmidt
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: February 16, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hörde, Germany
Died: February 10, 1954

 19 Charles Gabriel Seligman

Charles Gabriel Seligman
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 24, 1873
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 19, 1940
Charles Gabriel Seligman was a British physician and ethnologist whose main ethnographic work described the culture of the Vedda people of Sri Lanka and the Shilluk people of the Sudan. He was a proponent of the Hamitic hypothesis and promoted scientific racism through his work. Considered to be a highly influential teacher, Seligman was also a Professor at the London School of Economics.

 20 Frank Hamilton Cushing

Frank Hamilton Cushing
3
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: July 22, 1857
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: North East Township, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: April 10, 1900

 21 Raymond Firth

Raymond Firth
3
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: March 25, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Auckland, New Zealand
Died: February 22, 2002

 22 Gonçalves Dias

Gonçalves Dias
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 10, 1823
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caxias, State of Maranhão, Brazil
Died: November 3, 1864

 23 Alice Cunningham Fletcher

Alice Cunningham Fletcher
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Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: March 15, 1838
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba
Died: April 6, 1923

 24 Robert Ranulph Marett

Robert Ranulph Marett
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Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: June 13, 1866
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Jersey, Channel Islands
Died: February 18, 1943
British ethnologist Robert Ranulph Marett was a proponent of the British Evolutionary School of cultural anthropology. He is noted for his studies of the evolution of moral philosophy and religious beliefs and practices. Marett helped found the Oxford University Anthropological Society in 1999. His major works include The Threshold of Religion, Anthropology as well as Psychology and Folklore.

 25 Ella Cara Deloria

Ella Cara Deloria
2
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: January 31, 1889
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yankton Reservation, South Dakota, United States
Died: February 12, 1971

 26 Alfred Cort Haddon

Alfred Cort Haddon
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Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: May 24, 1855
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: April 20, 1940

A pioneer of British anthropology, Alfred Cort Haddon is remembered for his contribution of over three decades to Cambridge. While he initially went to the Torres Strait to study marine biology, he later devoted himself to the study of the indigenous people. His History of Anthropology remains his best-known work.

 27 James Cowles Prichard

James Cowles Prichard
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 11, 1786
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ross, England
Died: December 23, 1848

 28 Natalie Curtis

Natalie Curtis
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Famous As: Ethnomusicologist
Birthdate: April 26, 1875
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 23, 1921

 29 William Bascom

William Bascom
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Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: May 23, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Princeton, Illinois, United States
Died: September 11, 1981

 30 Walter Baldwin Spencer

Walter Baldwin Spencer
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Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: June 23, 1860
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stretford, England
Died: July 14, 1929

English biologist and anthropologist Walter Baldwin Spencer is remembered for his pioneering study of the indigenous population of Australia. He initially taught biology but later drifted to anthropology. He was also knighted but died while on an expedition to study the Ushuaia of the Tierra del Fuego.

 31 Matthias Castrén

Matthias Castrén
2
Famous As: Ethnologists
Birthdate: December 2, 1813
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tervola, Finland
Died: May 7, 1852

 32 Francis La Flesche

Francis La Flesche
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: December 25, 1857
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Omaha Reservation, United States
Died: September 5, 1932

 33 Paul Rivet

Paul Rivet
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Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: May 7, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wassigny, France
Died: March 21, 1958

 34 Abraham Zevi Idelsohn

Abraham Zevi Idelsohn
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: July 14, 1882
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Felixberg, Latvia
Died: August 14, 1938

 35 Paul-Émile Victor

Paul-Émile Victor
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Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: June 28, 1907
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: March 7, 1995

 36 Alfred Métraux

Alfred Métraux
2
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: November 5, 1902
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lausanne, Switzerland
Died: April 12, 1963

 37 Horatio Hale

Horatio Hale
2
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: May 3, 1817
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Newport, New Hampshire, United States
Died: December 28, 1896

 38 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg

Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: September 8, 1814
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bourbourg, France
Died: January 8, 1874

 39 John Ferguson McLennan

John Ferguson McLennan
1
Famous As: Advocate
Birthdate: October 14, 1827
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Inverness, Scotland
Died: June 16, 1881

 40 Julius Klaproth

Julius Klaproth
1
Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: October 11, 1783
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 28, 1835

 41 Georg August Schweinfurth

Georg August Schweinfurth
1
Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: December 29, 1836
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Riga, Latvia
Died: September 19, 1925

 42 Anca Giurchescu

Anca Giurchescu
1
Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: December 19, 1930
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: April 4, 2015

 43 Sylvie Vincent

Sylvie Vincent
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Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: April 27, 1941
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Canada
Died: April 30, 2020

 44 Matilda Coxe Stevenson

Matilda Coxe Stevenson
1
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: May 12, 1849
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: San Augustine, Texas, United States
Died: June 24, 1915

 45 Francis James Gillen

Francis James Gillen
1
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: October 28, 1855
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Electoral district of Little Para, Australia
Died: June 5, 1912

Surprisingly, Francis James Gillen was not a trained anthropologist but learned much about the Aboriginal population of Australia while working with the Australian postal and telegraph service. As a recognition of his efforts, he was made the magistrate and sub-protector of the Aborigines. He also collaborated with British anthropologist Baldwin Spencer.

 46 Ludwig Mylius-Erichsen

Ludwig Mylius-Erichsen
1
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: January 15, 1872
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Viborg, Denmark
Died: November 25, 1907

 47 Fritz Graebner

Fritz Graebner
1
Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: March 4, 1877
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 13, 1934

 48 George Amos Dorsey

George Amos Dorsey
1
Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: February 6, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hebron, Ohio, United States
Died: March 29, 1931

 49 León Cadogan

León Cadogan
1
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: July 29, 1899
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Asunción, Paraguay
Died: May 30, 1973

 50 James Owen Dorsey

James Owen Dorsey
1
Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: October 31, 1848
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: February 4, 1895
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