Born In: Klerksdorp, South Africa
Desmond Tutu was a South African social rights activist and retired Anglican bishop, who served as the first black Archbishop of Cape Town. A leading spokesperson for the rights of black South Africans, he helped to draw international attention to the sorry state of apartheid in South Africa. Born into an impoverished family in Transvaal, he grew up watching people of color being discriminated against for no fault of theirs. Even though he was young, it did not take him long to realize that it was wrong to mistreat someone just because their skin color was different. As a teenager, he aspired to be a doctor but could not pursue medical studies due to lack of funds. He then studied to become a teacher. He worked for a few years during which he tried his best to encourage his students to become the best that they can be. Alongside he also studied theology and was ordained as a priest. At that time South Africa was reeling under apartheid and black South Africans were grossly discriminated against in all aspects of life. Frustrated, he became active in the anti-apartheid movement and soon emerged as outspoken advocate of black rights. He soon garnered international fame for his works and was honored with the 1984 Nobel Prize for Peace.
Also Known As: Desmond Mpilo Tutu
Died At Age: 90
Spouse/Ex-: Leah Nomalizo Tutu
father: Zachariah Tutu
children: Mpho Andrea, Naomi Nontombi, Theresa Thandeka, Trevor Thamsanqa
Born Country: South Africa
Height: 1.79 m
place of death: Cape Town, South Africa
Notable Alumni: St Peter's Theological College, Pretoria Bantu Normal College
Cause of Death: Cancer
Founder/Co-Founder: Tutu Foundation for Development and Relief
education: King's College London, University Of South Africa, Pretoria Bantu Normal College, St Peter's Theological College
awards: 1987 - Pacem in Terris Award
1992 - Bishop John T. Walker Distinguished Humanitarian Service Award
2010 - Nautilus Book Award
1996 - Archbishop of Canterbury's Award for Outstanding Service to the Anglican Communion
2009 - Spiritual Leadership Award
1984 - Nobel Peace Prize award
His emergence as an outspoken leader in the anti-apartheid movement and his growing international stature won him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984. Following this, South Africa’s anti-apartheid movement gained international support and Tutu was elevated to the status of a much respected world leader.
In 1993, apartheid in South Africa finally came to an end, due in no small part to Tutu’s relentless campaigning and able leadership. The nation’s first black president, Nelson Mandela, was elected in 1994, and Tutu was given the honor of introducing the new president to the citizens.
After the end of apartheid, he was selected by President Mandela to head the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. He retired as Archbishop of Cape Town in 1996.
Desmond Tutu married Nomalizo Leah Shenxane, a teacher, in 1955. They had four children.
Desmond Tutu died in Cape Town, South Africa, on December 26 , 2021. He was 90 years old.
He authored seven collections of sermons and other writings.
He was one of the patrons of The Forgiveness Project and delivered the charity's inaugural annual lecture in 2010.