Political Scientists

Vote for Your Favourite Political Scientists

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

 1 
Karl Marx
(Philosopher & Economist - Famous for His Theory of 'Marxism' )
Karl Marx
10
Birthdate: May 5, 1818
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Trier, Germany
Died: March 14, 1883

Karl Marx, the philosopher, economist, political theorist and socialist revolutionary, is best-known for the 1848 pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto and the three-volume Das Kapital. His theories, called Marxism, maintained that class conflict leads to the development of human societies and that internal tension were inherent in capitalism, which would ultimately be replaced by the socialist mode of production.

 2 
Condoleezza Rice
(66th United States Secretary of State (2005-09))
Condoleezza Rice
14
Birthdate: November 14, 1954
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Birmingham, Alabama, United States

The 66th United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made history in 2005 when she became the first female black Secretary of State. She is also the first female to serve as National Security Advisor, a position which she served from 2001 to 2005. One of the most powerful women in the world at one point of time, she has been depicted in Hollywood films.

 3 
Zbigniew Brzezinski
(9th United States National Security Advisor)
Zbigniew Brzezinski
6
Birthdate: March 28, 1928
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: May 26, 2017
Polish-American diplomat Zbigniew Brzezinski had been a counselor to President Lyndon B. Johnson and the National Security Advisor to President Jimmy Carter. He believed in the realist school of international relations. He also taught foreign policy and was seen in programs such as The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer.
Recommended Lists:
 4 
Maya Harris
(American Lawyer, Public Policy Advocate & Sister of 49th Vice President of United States, Kamala Harris)
Maya Harris
10
Birthdate: January 30, 1967
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Champaign-Urbana, Illinois, United States

A lawyer, law professor, political analyst and a civil rights activist, Maya Harris’s list of achievements is huge. One of the youngest in the US to become a law school dean, Maya Harris has worked with Hillary Clinton and her own sister Kamala Harris in their respective presidential campaigns.

Recommended Lists:
 5 
Madeleine Albright
(64th United States Secretary of State (1997 - 2001))
Madeleine Albright
10
Birthdate: May 15, 1937
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Smíchov, Prague, Czechia
Died: March 23, 2022
Madeleine Albright served as the U.S. Secretary of State from 1997 to 2001, under Bill Clinton, and was the first woman to hold the post. The Presidential Medal of Freedom awardee also chaired the Albright Stonebridge Group and taught at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service.
 6 
Alexis de Tocqueville
(Historian Known for His Works 'Democracy in America' & 'The Old Regime' & 'The Revolution')
Alexis de Tocqueville
4
Birthdate: July 29, 1805
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 16, 1859

French diplomat and political scientist Alexis de Tocqueville is best remembered for his written works The Old Regime and the Revolution and Democracy in America. He was part of French politics, primarily during the July Monarchy and the Second Republic. He had been the minister of foreign affairs briefly.

Recommended Lists:
 7 
Miriam Defensor Santiago
(The First Filipina to be an International Criminal Court Judge)
Miriam Defensor Santiago
4
Birthdate: June 15, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Iloilo City, Philippines
Died: September 29, 2016

Known for her legal expertise and her resolve to fight corruption, Miriam Defensor Santiago also became the first Filipina and the first from an Asian developing country to serve as a judge of the International Criminal Court. The senator was also a Ramon Magsaysay Award recipient and died of lung cancer.

 8 
Samuel P. Huntington
(American Political Scientist Best Known for His 1993 Theory, the 'Clash of Civilizations')
Samuel P. Huntington
6
Birthdate: April 18, 1927
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York City
Died: December 24, 2008
Recommended Lists:
 9 
Norman Finkelstein
(Political Scientist)
Norman Finkelstein
6
Birthdate: December 8, 1953
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
 10 
Herbert Simon
(American Political Scientist and 1978 Nobel Prize Winner in Economic Sciences)
Herbert Simon
6
Birthdate: June 15, 1916
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
Died: February 9, 2001

Herbert Simon was an American computer scientist, economist, cognitive psychologist, and political scientist. Best remembered for his theories of satisficing and bounded rationality, Simon was honored with the prestigious Turing Award in 1975. In 1978, he won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. Herbert Simon is considered one of the pioneers of artificial intelligence, complex systems, and organization theory.

Recommended Lists:
 11 
Elinor Ostrom
(American Political Scientist, Political Economist and First Woman to Win the Nobel Prize in Economics)
Elinor Ostrom
6
Birthdate: August 7, 1933
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States
Died: June 12, 2012
 12 
Aleksandr Dugin
(Analyst)
Aleksandr Dugin
6
Birthdate: January 7, 1962
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

One of the prime organizers of the National Bolshevik Party, Russian politologist Aleksandr Dugin is known for his association with fascism. He supports the creation of a Eurasian empire, which will oppose North Atlantic interests. He has also penned books such as The Fourth Political Theory and Foundations of Geopolitics.

Recommended Lists:
 13 
Cass Sunstein
(Jurist)
Cass Sunstein
11
Birthdate: September 21, 1954
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Concord, Massachusetts, United States
 14 
Francis Fukuyama
(Political Scientist and Best Known as the Author of ‘The End of History and the Last Man')
Francis Fukuyama
6
Birthdate: October 27, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States

The son of a Japanese-American church minister, Francis Fukuyama was born in Chicago and had virtually no association with the Japanese culture. Educated at Cornell and Harvard, the political economist and academic is associated with Stanford and has penned the iconic book The End of History and the Last Man.

Recommended Lists:
 15 
Paul David Wellstone
(United States Senator)
Paul David Wellstone
8
Birthdate: July 21, 1944
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
Died: October 25, 2002
 16 
Ralph Bunche
(Political Scientist)
Ralph Bunche
3
Birthdate: August 7, 1904
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Detroit, Michigan, United States
Died: December 9, 1971
Recommended Lists:
 17 
Hans Morgenthau
(Judge, Political scientist, Writer, Philosopher, University teacher)
Hans Morgenthau
3
Birthdate: February 17, 1904
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Coburg
Died: July 19, 1980

German-born American political scientist and historian Hans Morgenthau, a leading twentieth-century figure in the study of international relations, is noted for his contributions in international relations theory and the study of international law. His book Politics Among Nations introduced the concept of political realism that played an instrumental role in the foreign policy of the US.

 18 
Dee Dee Myers
(Political scientist)
Dee Dee Myers
5
Birthdate: September 1, 1961
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: North Kingstown, Rhode Island North Kingstown, Rhode Island, U.S.
 19 
George Friedman
(Political Scientist)
George Friedman
3
Birthdate: February 1, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary

A renowned international affairs strategist and geopolitical forecaster, George Friedman is also a New York Times bestselling author, having penned works such as The Storm Before the Calm and The Next 100 Years. He has also headed Stratfor as its CEO and has worked with various US military and government organizations.

 20 
Michael Parenti
(American Political Scientist and Historian Known for His Marxist Writings and Lectures)
Michael Parenti
3
Birthdate: September 30, 1933
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States

Political scientist, historian, and critic Michael Parenti is best known for being a staunch critic of capitalism and America’s foreign policy. The Yale alumnus taught political and social science at various institutes, before becoming a full-time writer and speaker. He is the father of journalist Christian Parenti.

 21 
Julian Huxley
(Biologist)
Julian Huxley
3
Birthdate: June 22, 1887
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 14, 1975
 22 
Carl Schmitt
(German Jurist, Political theorist and Prominent Member of the Nazi Party)
Carl Schmitt
6
Birthdate: July 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Plettenberg, Germany
Died: April 7, 1985
Known for works such as Constitutional Theory and Political Theology, Nazi political theorist and academic Carl Schmitt explored liberalism and the Weimar Republic. He was banned from teaching by the Allied powers after World War II but continued producing works such as Ex Captivitate Salus.
 23 
Paul Wolfowitz
(10th President of the World Bank Group (2005 - 2007))
Paul Wolfowitz
6
Birthdate: December 22, 1943
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Initially a Democrat, American politician Paul Wolfowitz later turned into a Republican. His illustrious career has seen him serve as the president of the World Bank and as the US Deputy Secretary of Defense. He was also one of the major forces behind the Iraq War. 
 24 
Fredric Jameson
(Essayist, Political scientist, Writer, Professor, Literary critic, Sociologist, Journalist)
Fredric Jameson
3
Birthdate: April 14, 1934
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cleveland

Fredric Jameson is an American philosopher, literary critic, and Marxist political theorist. Jameson is renowned for his analysis of capitalism and postmodernity. He is credited with authoring influential books like The Political Unconscious and Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. In 2012, Fredric Jameson was honored with the Lifetime Scholarly Achievement Award by the Modern Language Association.

 25 
E. H. Carr
(Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political scientist, Professor)
E. H. Carr
3
Birthdate: June 28, 1892
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London
Died: November 3, 1982

Best known for his 14-volume book A History of Soviet Russia, British historian and diplomat E. H. Carr had been part of the Foreign Office for a long time, before stepping into the academic world. He had also been an assistant editor of The Times and a fellow of both Oxford and Cambridge.

 26 
Malcolm Kerr
(American Political Scientist)
Malcolm Kerr
6
Birthdate: October 8, 1931
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Beirut, Lebanon
Died: January 18, 1984
 27 
Russell Kirk
(Political scientist, Philosopher, Literary critic, Historian, Novelist, Writer, Science fiction writer, Journalist)
Russell Kirk
5
Birthdate: October 19, 1918
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Plymouth
Died: April 29, 1994

Russell Kirk was an American historian, moralist, political theorist, literary and social critic. He is best remembered for his strong influence on 20th-century conservatism in the United States. He is credited with writing The Conservative Mind, which shaped America's postwar conservative movement. Russell Kirk was widely regarded as the leading advocate of traditionalist conservatism.

 28 
Michael Oakeshott
(Former philosopher and political theorist who was known as one of the 20th century's most conservative thinkers)
Michael Oakeshott
3
Birthdate: December 11, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chelsfield, London, England, United Kingdom
Died: December 19, 1990
 29 
Jeane Kirkpatrick
(American Diplomat and Political Scientist)
Jeane Kirkpatrick
3
Birthdate: November 19, 1926
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Duncan, Oklahoma, United States
Died: December 7, 2006
 30 
Eric Williams
(Politician)
Eric Williams
3
Birthdate: September 25, 1911
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Died: March 29, 1981
 31 
Robert Kagan
(American Neoconservative Scholar and Critic of U.S. Foreign Policy)
Robert Kagan
5
Birthdate: September 26, 1958
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Athens, Greece

Robert Kagan is an American scholar who believes in neoconservatism. A prominent critic of U.S. foreign policy, Kagan is credited with co-founding a neoconservative think tank called the Project for the New American Century. He also contributes to publications like The Washington Post for which he writes a monthly column and has been a contributing editor at The New Republic.

 32 
Benedict Anderson
(Anglo-Irish Political Scientist and Historian)
Benedict Anderson
3
Birthdate: August 26, 1936
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kunming, China
Died: December 13, 2015
 33 
Robert A. Dahl
(Political scientist)
Robert A. Dahl
5
Birthdate: December 17, 1915
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Inwood, Iowa Inwood, Iowa, United States U.S.
Died: February 5, 2014
 34 
Robert D. Putnam
(Political Scientist)
Robert D. Putnam
3
Birthdate: January 9, 1941
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rochester, New York, United States
 35 
Harold Lasswell
(Political scientist)
Harold Lasswell
5
Birthdate: February 13, 1902
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Donnellson, Illinois, United States
Died: December 18, 1978
 36 
Alain de Benoist
(French Political Philosopher and Journalist)
Alain de Benoist
3
Birthdate: December 11, 1943
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France
 37 
Lothrop Stoddard
(Anthropologist, Political scientist, Historian, Author, Journalist, Opinion journalist)
Lothrop Stoddard
5
Birthdate: June 29, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brookline
Died: May 1, 1950

Twentieth-century American political scientist and historian Lothrop Stoddard was a Ku Klux Klan and believed in eugenics, a theory that promoted the superiority certain races based on genetics. His book The Revolt Against Civilization introduced neo-Nazi concepts. He also covered World War II as a journalist.

 38 
Antonia Novello
(The First Woman and First Hispanic to Serve as Surgeon General of the United States)
Antonia Novello
3
Birthdate: August 23, 1944
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fajardo, Puerto Rico

Antonia Novello became the first female and the first person of Hispanic origin to become the U.S. surgeon general. Initially a pediatric nephrologist, she later switched to Public Health Service, after realizing she was too emotional to be a pediatrician. The Puerto Rican physician was also a UNICEF representative.

 39 
Carlos Alvarado Quesada
(Politician)
Carlos Alvarado Quesada
3
Birthdate: January 14, 1980
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: San José, Costa Rica
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)
 40 
Kenneth Waltz
(Political Scientist)
Kenneth Waltz
5
Birthdate: June 8, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Died: May 12, 2013
 41 
Raymond Aron
(Sociologist, Philosopher, and Political Scientist Known for His Skepticism of Ideological Orthodoxies)
Raymond Aron
3
Birthdate: March 14, 1905
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 17, 1983

Best known for his book The Opium of the Intellectuals, Raymond Aron was one of the most influential thinkers of his time. While he initially taught social philosophy, he also served the French air force during World War II. He also had long-term stints as a columnist for Le Figaro and L’Express.

 42 
Ralf Dahrendorf
(Former European Commissioner for Trade (1970 - 1973))
Ralf Dahrendorf
3
Birthdate: May 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: June 17, 2009

Ralf Dahrendorf was a German-British sociologist, philosopher, and political scientist. As a class conflict theorist, he was a leading expert on analyzing class divisions in modern society. He was the author of multiple articles and books, including Class Conflict in Industrial Society (1959). He served as a professor of sociology in several universities in Germany and the UK.  

 43 
Charles Tilly
(American Sociologist, Political Scientist and Historian)
Charles Tilly
5
Birthdate: May 27, 1929
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lombard, Illinois, United States
Died: April 29, 2008

Hailed by many as the founding father of 21st-century sociology, Charles Tilly was not only a revered sociologist, but also an influential political scientist and historian. Considered a major figure in the development of historical sociology, he published numerous books, monographs and scholarly articles, providing an insight into urban sociology, European nation-state formation, democracy, social movements, labor, and categorical inequalities

 44 
Karl Haushofer
(German Professor, General, Geographer, and Politician)
Karl Haushofer
3
Birthdate: August 27, 1869
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Munich
Died: March 10, 1946
 45 
Larry Sabato
(Political Scientist)
Larry Sabato
5
Birthdate: August 7, 1952
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Norfolk, Virginia, United States
 46 
Chantal Mouffe
(Belgian Post-Marxist Political Theorist, Professor, and Author)
Chantal Mouffe
3
Birthdate: June 17, 1943
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Charleroi, Belgium

Belgian political theorist and author Chantal Mouffe has also been a professor at the University of Westminster and been a visiting faculty at various prestigious institutes, such as Harvard and Cornell. She is known for her prominent criticism of the idea of deliberative democracy and belongs to the post-Marxist school of contemporary philosophy.

 47 
Robert Keohane
(Author)
Robert Keohane
4
Birthdate: October 3, 1941
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
 48 
Jan Egeland
(Norwegian Diplomat, Political Scientist and Former State Secretary in the 'Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs')
Jan Egeland
3
Birthdate: September 12, 1957
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Stavanger, Norway

Jan Egeland is a Norwegian political scientist, diplomat, humanitarian leader, and politician. Since 2013, he has been serving as the secretary general of a humanitarian, non-governmental organization called the Norwegian Refugee Council. In 2006, Egeland was included in Time's list of 100 people who shaped our world. Egeland is a recipient of Peer Gynt Prize and the Four Freedoms Award.   

 49 
Raul Hilberg
(Political Scientist & Historian, Widely Considered to Be the Preeminent Scholar on 'The Holocaust')
Raul Hilberg
4
Birthdate: June 2, 1926
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: August 4, 2007

An Austrian refugee, Raul Hilberg escaped the Nazi regime and moved to the U.S. with his family. He later became a pioneer of Holocaust research. He is perhaps best remembered for his three-volume The Destruction of the European Jews. He was also part of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial council.

 50 
Friedrich Ratzel
(Biologist, Geopolitician, Geographer, Zoologist, Political scientist, University teacher)
Friedrich Ratzel
4
Birthdate: August 30, 1844
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Karlsruhe
Died: August 9, 1904

Friedrich Ratzel was a German ethnographer and geographer. He was the first person to use the term Lebensraum, which would later become an important and popular word among the National Socialists. Also an influential writer, Friedrich Ratzel's works served as a justification for imperial expansion.