Archaeologists

Archaeologists study ancient societies to explore the people and culture of those societies. They generally work for museums, universities and government agencies. They recover and examine ancient buildings, graves and other evidences that they have found during excavation. These materials testify to the existence of previous civilizations. The remnants of artefacts and buildings of ancient civilizations provide clear picture about the culture, food habit, religion and literature of ancient people. Archaeologists follow a systematic method when they are excavating an area where, they believe, an ancient civilisation may have existed. In order to determine their sites for excavation, they employ procedures like aerial photography and field walking and sometimes even information gathered from the local populous if they are well acquainted with the area and have found ancient artefacts in the past. Methods like drawings, written information, measurements and computer aided designs play significant roles in the profession of an archaeologist. The in-depth analysis of the drawings, designs and other data play vital role for the publication of archaeological findings. Preservation of archaeological sites in collaboration with museums is also considered the responsibility of archaeologists. There are many archaeologists who work as directors of excavation and historical research programmes. Some archaeologists also choose teaching as their profession. This section provides information, in the form of a biography, about the life and works of renowned archaeologists from all over the world.

 1 T. E. Lawrence

T. E. Lawrence
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: August 16, 1888
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: May 19, 1935
T. E. Lawrence was a British army officer who participated in the Arab Revolt, against the Ottoman regime, during World War I. Nicknamed Lawrence of Arabia, he inspired a movie of the same name. His treatise of his war experiences was published as Seven Pillars of Wisdom, his best-known work.

 2 Howard Carter

Howard Carter
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: May 9, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: March 2, 1939
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 3 Max Mallowan

Max Mallowan
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: May 6, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: August 19, 1978

 4 Neil Oliver

Neil Oliver
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Famous As: TV Presenter
Birthdate: February 21, 1967
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Scottish
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 5 Zahi Hawass

Zahi Hawass
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Famous As: Egyptian archaeologist
Birthdate: May 28, 1947
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Egyptian

 6 Ron Wyatt

Ron Wyatt
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: June 2, 1933
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: August 4, 1999
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 7 Heinrich Schliemann

Heinrich Schliemann
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: January 6, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: December 26, 1890
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 8 Nicholas Roerich

Nicholas Roerich
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Famous As: Philosopher, Painter, Choreographer, Writer, Archaeologist, Poet, Diplomat
Birthdate: October 9, 1874
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 13, 1947
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 9 Gustave Le Bon

Gustave Le Bon
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Famous As: Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Psychologist, Philosopher, Historian, Sociologist
Birthdate: May 7, 1841
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: December 13, 1931

 10 Johann Joachim Winckelmann

Johann Joachim Winckelmann
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Famous As: Art historian
Birthdate: December 9, 1717
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: June 8, 1768
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 11 Marija Gimbutas

Marija Gimbutas
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: January 23, 1921
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 2, 1994

 12 Sir Flinders Petrie

Sir Flinders Petrie
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Famous As: Egyptologist
Birthdate: June 3, 1853
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: July 28, 1942

 13 Robert Adam

Robert Adam
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Famous As: Architect, Archaeologist, Politician
Birthdate: July 3, 1728
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality:
Died: March 3, 1792

 14 Mary Leakey

Mary Leakey
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Famous As: Paleoanthropologist
Birthdate: February 6, 1913
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: December 9, 1996
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 15 Arthur Evans

Arthur Evans
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: July 8, 1851
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: July 11, 1941

 16 Sir Mortimer Wheeler

Sir Mortimer Wheeler
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: September 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: July 22, 1976
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 17 Othniel Charles Marsh

Othniel Charles Marsh
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Famous As: Paleontologist
Birthdate: October 29, 1831
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: March 18, 1899

 18 Margaret Murray

Margaret Murray
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Egyptologist
Birthdate: July 13, 1863
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: November 13, 1963

 19 Osman Hamdi Bey

Osman Hamdi Bey
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 30, 1842
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 24, 1910

 20 Edward Drinker Cope

Edward Drinker Cope
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Famous As: American paleontologist
Birthdate: July 28, 1840
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: April 12, 1897

 21 E.F. Benson

E.F. Benson
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: July 24, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: February 29, 1940

 22 Donald Johanson

Donald Johanson
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Prehistorian, Paleoanthropologist, University teacher
Birthdate: June 28, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

 23 Theodor Mommsen

Theodor Mommsen
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: November 30, 1817
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: November 1, 1903

 24 Prosper Mérimée

Prosper Mérimée
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Historian, Translator, Politician, Writer, Novelist, Painter, Playwright
Birthdate: September 28, 1803
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: September 23, 1870

 25 R. G. Collingwood

R. G. Collingwood
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: February 22, 1889
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: January 9, 1943

 26 Gad Anders Rausing

Gad Anders Rausing
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Famous As: Industrialist
Birthdate: May 19, 1922
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Swedish
Died: January 20, 2000

 27 Sir Leonard Woolley

Sir Leonard Woolley
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: April 17, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: February 20, 1960

 28 John Hubert Marshall

John Hubert Marshall
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: March 19, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: August 17, 1958

 29 Giovanni Battista Belzoni

Giovanni Battista Belzoni
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Famous As: Explorer, Antiquarian, Egyptologist, Archaeologist, Novelist, Travel writer
Birthdate: November 5, 1778
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Italian
Died: December 3, 1823

 30 Carleton S. Coon

Carleton S. Coon
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Prehistorian
Birthdate: June 23, 1904
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: June 3, 1981

 31 John Soane

John Soane
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Famous As: Architect, Archaeologist
Birthdate: September 10, 1753
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: January 20, 1837

 32 Johann Ludwig Burckhardt

Johann Ludwig Burckhardt
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Famous As: Explorer, Writer, Art historian, Archaeologist
Birthdate: November 24, 1784
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Swiss
Died: October 15, 1817

 33 Fred Vargas

Fred Vargas
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Famous As: Writer, Archaeologist, Novelist, Historian
Birthdate: June 7, 1957
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French

 34 James Bruce

James Bruce
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Famous As: Explorer, Archaeologist, Film editor, Botanist
Birthdate: December 14, 1730
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: April 27, 1794

 35 Antoine Galland

Antoine Galland
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: April 4, 1646
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: February 17, 1715

 36 Walter Alvarez

Walter Alvarez
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Famous As: Geologist, Scientist, Archaeologist, University teacher
Birthdate: October 3, 1940
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 37 Yosef Ben-Jochannan

Yosef Ben-Jochannan
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Famous As: Historian, Archaeologist
Birthdate: December 31, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: March 19, 2015

 38 Michael Ventris

Michael Ventris
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Famous As: Linguist, Architect, Historian, Archaeologist
Birthdate: July 12, 1922
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: September 6, 1956

 39 Sir Aurel Stein

Sir Aurel Stein
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: November 26, 1862
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Hungarian, British
Died: October 26, 1943

 40 William Stukeley

William Stukeley
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 7, 1687
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: March 3, 1765

 41 John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Politician, Archaeologist, Prehistorian, Banker, Statistician, Naturalist, Zoologist, Entomologist
Birthdate: April 30, 1834
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: May 28, 1913

 42 Austen Henry Layard

Austen Henry Layard
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: March 5, 1817
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: July 5, 1894

 43 Raymond Dart

Raymond Dart
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Famous As: Anatomist
Birthdate: February 4, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Australian
Died: November 22, 1988

 44 John Aubrey

John Aubrey
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Famous As: Antiquary
Birthdate: March 12, 1626
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: June 7, 1697

 45 Meave Leakey

Meave Leakey
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Famous As: Paleoanthropologist
Birthdate: July 28, 1942
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 46 Tim D. White

Tim D. White
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Prehistorian, Paleoanthropologist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 24, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 47 Lewis Binford

Lewis Binford
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: November 21, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: April 11, 2011

 48 David Rohl

David Rohl
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Famous As: Egyptologist, Archaeologist, Engineer, Historian, Audio engineer, Musician
Birthdate: September 12, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British

 49 Christian Jürgensen Thomsen

Christian Jürgensen Thomsen
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Famous As: Antiquarian
Birthdate: December 29, 1788
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Danish
Died: May 21, 1865

 50 Sir Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baronet

Sir Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baronet
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Famous As: Army Officer
Birthdate: April 5, 1810
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: March 5, 1895
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