List of famous archaeologists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Archaeologists study ancient societies to explore the people and culture of those societies. They generally work for museums, universities and government agencies. They recover and examine ancient buildings, graves and other evidences that they have found during excavation. These materials testify to the existence of previous civilizations. The remnants of artefacts and buildings of ancient civilizations provide clear picture about the culture, food habit, religion and literature of ancient people. Archaeologists follow a systematic method when they are excavating an area where, they believe, an ancient civilisation may have existed. In order to determine their sites for excavation, they employ procedures like aerial photography and field walking and sometimes even information gathered from the local populous if they are well acquainted with the area and have found ancient artefacts in the past. Methods like drawings, written information, measurements and computer aided designs play significant roles in the profession of an archaeologist. The in-depth analysis of the drawings, designs and other data play vital role for the publication of archaeological findings. Preservation of archaeological sites in collaboration with museums is also considered the responsibility of archaeologists. There are many archaeologists who work as directors of excavation and historical research programmes. Some archaeologists also choose teaching as their profession. This section provides information, in the form of a biography, about the life and works of renowned archaeologists from all over the world.

Zahi HawassZahi Hawass
Egyptian

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
Russian
George Herbert, 5th Earl of CarnarvonGeorge Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon
British

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
French

Neil OliverNeil Oliver
Scottish

Robert AdamRobert Adam
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R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
British
Marija GimbutasMarija Gimbutas
American

John SoaneJohn Soane
British

Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
British

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
French
Arthur EvansArthur Evans
British
Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
Italian

Edward Drinker CopeEdward Drinker Cope
American

Theodor MommsenTheodor Mommsen
German

Earnest HootonEarnest Hooton
American
Fred VargasFred Vargas
French

Walter AlvarezWalter Alvarez
American
Yosef Ben-JochannanYosef Ben-Jochannan
American

Othniel Charles MarshOthniel Charles Marsh
American

Carleton S. CoonCarleton S. Coon
American
Antoine GallandAntoine Galland
French

Johann Ludwig BurckhardtJohann Ludwig Burckhardt
Swiss
John Lubbock, 1st Baron AveburyJohn Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
British

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British

Donald JohansonDonald Johanson
American
Austen Henry LayardAusten Henry Layard
British
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William F. AlbrightWilliam F. Albright
American
Osman Hamdi BeyOsman Hamdi Bey
Turkish

David RohlDavid Rohl
British

Christian Jürgensen ThomsenChristian Jürgensen Thomsen
Danish

Guo MoruoGuo Moruo
Chinese
James Henry BreastedJames Henry Breasted
American

Yigael YadinYigael Yadin
Israeli

Raymond DartRaymond Dart
Australian

William StukeleyWilliam Stukeley
British

James BruceJames Bruce
British
Hormuzd RassamHormuzd Rassam
Iraqi

Sir Henry Rawlinson, 1st BaronetSir Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baronet
British
Gaston MasperoGaston Maspero
French

David George HogarthDavid George Hogarth
British

Karl Richard LepsiusKarl Richard Lepsius
German, Prussian
Leo FrobeniusLeo Frobenius
German

Dorothy GarrodDorothy Garrod
British
Auguste MarietteAuguste Mariette
French

Maria ReicheMaria Reiche
German, Peruvian

Eugène DuboisEugène Dubois
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Tim D. WhiteTim D. White
American

Meave LeakeyMeave Leakey
British
Henri BreuilHenri Breuil
French

E.F. BensonE.F. Benson
British

Sir Flinders PetrieSir Flinders Petrie
British

John Hubert MarshallJohn Hubert Marshall
British
Sir Leonard WoolleySir Leonard Woolley
British
Sir Mortimer WheelerSir Mortimer Wheeler
British, Scottish

Sir Aurel SteinSir Aurel Stein
Hungarian, British

Michael Ivanovich RostovtzeffMichael Ivanovich Rostovtzeff
Russian

Dame Kathleen KenyonDame Kathleen Kenyon
British
Marcelino de SautuolaMarcelino de Sautuola
Spanish