List of famous archaeologists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Archaeologists study ancient societies to explore the people and culture of those societies. They generally work for museums, universities and government agencies. They recover and examine ancient buildings, graves and other evidences that they have found during excavation. These materials testify to the existence of previous civilizations. The remnants of artefacts and buildings of ancient civilizations provide clear picture about the culture, food habit, religion and literature of ancient people. Archaeologists follow a systematic method when they are excavating an area where, they believe, an ancient civilisation may have existed. In order to determine their sites for excavation, they employ procedures like aerial photography and field walking and sometimes even information gathered from the local populous if they are well acquainted with the area and have found ancient artefacts in the past. Methods like drawings, written information, measurements and computer aided designs play significant roles in the profession of an archaeologist. The in-depth analysis of the drawings, designs and other data play vital role for the publication of archaeological findings. Preservation of archaeological sites in collaboration with museums is also considered the responsibility of archaeologists. There are many archaeologists who work as directors of excavation and historical research programmes. Some archaeologists also choose teaching as their profession. This section provides information, in the form of a biography, about the life and works of renowned archaeologists from all over the world.

Zahi HawassZahi Hawass
Egyptian

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
Russian
Neil OliverNeil Oliver
Scottish

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
French

Johann Joachim WinckelmannJohann Joachim Winckelmann
German

Edward Drinker CopeEdward Drinker Cope
American

Marija GimbutasMarija Gimbutas
American
Robert AdamRobert Adam
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Mary LeakeyMary Leakey
British

Arthur EvansArthur Evans
British

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
British
Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
British
Theodor MommsenTheodor Mommsen
German

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
French

John SoaneJohn Soane
British

Othniel Charles MarshOthniel Charles Marsh
American
Fred VargasFred Vargas
French

Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
Italian
Carleton S. CoonCarleton S. Coon
American

John AubreyJohn Aubrey
British

Walter AlvarezWalter Alvarez
American
Johann Ludwig BurckhardtJohann Ludwig Burckhardt
Swiss

John Lubbock, 1st Baron AveburyJohn Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
British
Antoine GallandAntoine Galland
French

Yosef Ben-JochannanYosef Ben-Jochannan
American

David RohlDavid Rohl
British
Donald JohansonDonald Johanson
American
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James BruceJames Bruce
British
Austen Henry LayardAusten Henry Layard
British

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British

Osman Hamdi BeyOsman Hamdi Bey
Turkish

William F. AlbrightWilliam F. Albright
American
James Henry BreastedJames Henry Breasted
American

Yigael YadinYigael Yadin
Israeli

Sir Henry Rawlinson, 1st BaronetSir Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baronet
British

Raymond DartRaymond Dart
Australian

Christian Jürgensen ThomsenChristian Jürgensen Thomsen
Danish
Guo MoruoGuo Moruo
Chinese

William StukeleyWilliam Stukeley
British
Gaston MasperoGaston Maspero
French

Leo FrobeniusLeo Frobenius
German

Hormuzd RassamHormuzd Rassam
Iraqi
Eugène DuboisEugène Dubois
-

Auguste MarietteAuguste Mariette
French
Maria ReicheMaria Reiche
German, Peruvian

Dorothy GarrodDorothy Garrod
British

Karl Richard LepsiusKarl Richard Lepsius
German, Prussian

David George HogarthDavid George Hogarth
British

Henri BreuilHenri Breuil
French
Bernard de MontfauconBernard de Montfaucon
French

Tim D. WhiteTim D. White
American

Vivant DenonVivant Denon
French

Meave LeakeyMeave Leakey
British
George Andrew ReisnerGeorge Andrew Reisner
American
Robert Bruce FooteRobert Bruce Foote
British

Robert KoldeweyRobert Koldewey
German

Bedřich HroznýBedřich Hrozný
Czech

Luigi Palma di CesnolaLuigi Palma di Cesnola
Italian, American
Wilhelm DörpfeldWilhelm Dörpfeld
German

Ján KollárJán Kollár
Slovak
Spyridon MarinatosSpyridon Marinatos
Greek

Franz CumontFranz Cumont
Belgian

Carl BlegenCarl Blegen
American
Grahame ClarkGrahame Clark
British

Giuseppe FiorelliGiuseppe Fiorelli
Italian
William Henry HolmesWilliam Henry Holmes
American

John EvansJohn Evans
British

Benjamin MazarBenjamin Mazar
Israeli, Polish
Eleazar SukenikEleazar Sukenik
Israeli, Polish

Hugo WincklerHugo Winckler
German
John GarstangJohn Garstang
British

Edward Herbert ThompsonEdward Herbert Thompson
American

Paul-Émile BottaPaul-Émile Botta
French, Italian

J. Desmond ClarkJ. Desmond Clark
British
William WaddingtonWilliam Waddington
French, British

Johan Gunnar AnderssonJohan Gunnar Andersson
Swedish

Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de PerthesJacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes
French

Alfred V. KidderAlfred V. Kidder
American

E. G. SquierE. G. Squier
American
Jean-Jacques BarthélemyJean-Jacques Barthélemy
French

Gertrude Caton ThompsonGertrude Caton Thompson
British
Carl HumannCarl Humann
German

Rodolfo LancianiRodolfo Lanciani
Italian

Ernst CurtiusErnst Curtius
German
John FrereJohn Frere
British

Adolf FurtwänglerAdolf Furtwängler
German
Oscar MonteliusOscar Montelius
Swedish

Harriet Boyd HawesHarriet Boyd Hawes
American
Anne Claude de CaylusAnne Claude de Caylus
French

Adolph Francis Alphonse BandelierAdolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier
Swiss, American

James Theodore BentJames Theodore Bent
British
Alfred TozzerAlfred Tozzer
American

Désiré CharnayDésiré Charnay
French
Jens Jacob Asmussen WorsaaeJens Jacob Asmussen Worsaae
Danish