List of famous archaeologists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Archaeologists study ancient societies to explore the people and culture of those societies. They generally work for museums, universities and government agencies. They recover and examine ancient buildings, graves and other evidences that they have found during excavation. These materials testify to the existence of previous civilizations. The remnants of artefacts and buildings of ancient civilizations provide clear picture about the culture, food habit, religion and literature of ancient people. Archaeologists follow a systematic method when they are excavating an area where, they believe, an ancient civilisation may have existed. In order to determine their sites for excavation, they employ procedures like aerial photography and field walking and sometimes even information gathered from the local populous if they are well acquainted with the area and have found ancient artefacts in the past. Methods like drawings, written information, measurements and computer aided designs play significant roles in the profession of an archaeologist. The in-depth analysis of the drawings, designs and other data play vital role for the publication of archaeological findings. Preservation of archaeological sites in collaboration with museums is also considered the responsibility of archaeologists. There are many archaeologists who work as directors of excavation and historical research programmes. Some archaeologists also choose teaching as their profession. This section provides information, in the form of a biography, about the life and works of renowned archaeologists from all over the world.

Neil OliverNeil Oliver
Scottish

Zahi HawassZahi Hawass
Egyptian
Max MallowanMax Mallowan
British

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
Russian

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
French

Edward Drinker CopeEdward Drinker Cope
American

Marija GimbutasMarija Gimbutas
American
Robert AdamRobert Adam
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Johann Joachim WinckelmannJohann Joachim Winckelmann
German

Arthur EvansArthur Evans
British

Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
British
Carleton S. CoonCarleton S. Coon
American
R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
British

Fred VargasFred Vargas
French

Theodor MommsenTheodor Mommsen
German

Mary LeakeyMary Leakey
British
Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
French

John SoaneJohn Soane
British
Othniel Charles MarshOthniel Charles Marsh
American

Yosef Ben-JochannanYosef Ben-Jochannan
American

Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
Italian
John Lubbock, 1st Baron AveburyJohn Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
British

Johann Ludwig BurckhardtJohann Ludwig Burckhardt
Swiss
Walter AlvarezWalter Alvarez
American

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British

Austen Henry LayardAusten Henry Layard
British
John AubreyJohn Aubrey
British
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James BruceJames Bruce
British
Antoine GallandAntoine Galland
French

David RohlDavid Rohl
British

William F. AlbrightWilliam F. Albright
American

Donald JohansonDonald Johanson
American
Osman Hamdi BeyOsman Hamdi Bey
Turkish

Yigael YadinYigael Yadin
Israeli

William StukeleyWilliam Stukeley
British

Gaston MasperoGaston Maspero
French

Guo MoruoGuo Moruo
Chinese
Sir Henry Rawlinson, 1st BaronetSir Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baronet
British

Leo FrobeniusLeo Frobenius
German
Christian Jürgensen ThomsenChristian Jürgensen Thomsen
Danish

James Henry BreastedJames Henry Breasted
American

Raymond DartRaymond Dart
Australian
Hormuzd RassamHormuzd Rassam
Iraqi

Lewis BinfordLewis Binford
American
Auguste MarietteAuguste Mariette
French

Henri BreuilHenri Breuil
French

Karl Richard LepsiusKarl Richard Lepsius
German, Prussian

Eugène DuboisEugène Dubois
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Dorothy GarrodDorothy Garrod
British
David George HogarthDavid George Hogarth
British

Maria ReicheMaria Reiche
German, Peruvian

Robert Bruce FooteRobert Bruce Foote
British

Tim D. WhiteTim D. White
American
George Andrew ReisnerGeorge Andrew Reisner
American
Vivant DenonVivant Denon
French

Meave LeakeyMeave Leakey
British

Bernard de MontfauconBernard de Montfaucon
French

Robert KoldeweyRobert Koldewey
German
Luigi Palma di CesnolaLuigi Palma di Cesnola
Italian, American

J. Eric S. ThompsonJ. Eric S. Thompson
British
Wilhelm DörpfeldWilhelm Dörpfeld
German

Spyridon MarinatosSpyridon Marinatos
Greek

Jean-Jacques BarthélemyJean-Jacques Barthélemy
French
John EvansJohn Evans
British

Carl BlegenCarl Blegen
American
Bedřich HroznýBedřich Hrozný
Czech

Franz CumontFranz Cumont
Belgian

William Henry HolmesWilliam Henry Holmes
American
Claudius RichClaudius Rich
French, British

Grahame ClarkGrahame Clark
British
Benjamin MazarBenjamin Mazar
Israeli, Polish

Ján KollárJán Kollár
Slovak

Edward Herbert ThompsonEdward Herbert Thompson
American

William WaddingtonWilliam Waddington
French, British
J. Desmond ClarkJ. Desmond Clark
British

Hugo WincklerHugo Winckler
German

Gertrude Caton ThompsonGertrude Caton Thompson
British

Giuseppe FiorelliGiuseppe Fiorelli
Italian

Eleazar SukenikEleazar Sukenik
Israeli, Polish
Paul-Émile BottaPaul-Émile Botta
French, Italian

John GarstangJohn Garstang
British
E. G. SquierE. G. Squier
American

Charles Thomas NewtonCharles Thomas Newton
British

Charles Simon Clermont-GanneauCharles Simon Clermont-Ganneau
French
Johan Gunnar AnderssonJohan Gunnar Andersson
Swedish

Alfred V. KidderAlfred V. Kidder
American
Anne Claude de CaylusAnne Claude de Caylus
French

Humfry PayneHumfry Payne
British
Ernst CurtiusErnst Curtius
German

James Theodore BentJames Theodore Bent
British

Robert John BraidwoodRobert John Braidwood
American
Carl HumannCarl Humann
German

Adolf FurtwänglerAdolf Furtwängler
German
Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de PerthesJacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes
French