List of famous archaeologists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Archaeologists study ancient societies to explore the people and culture of those societies. They generally work for museums, universities and government agencies. They recover and examine ancient buildings, graves and other evidences that they have found during excavation. These materials testify to the existence of previous civilizations. The remnants of artefacts and buildings of ancient civilizations provide clear picture about the culture, food habit, religion and literature of ancient people. Archaeologists follow a systematic method when they are excavating an area where, they believe, an ancient civilisation may have existed. In order to determine their sites for excavation, they employ procedures like aerial photography and field walking and sometimes even information gathered from the local populous if they are well acquainted with the area and have found ancient artefacts in the past. Methods like drawings, written information, measurements and computer aided designs play significant roles in the profession of an archaeologist. The in-depth analysis of the drawings, designs and other data play vital role for the publication of archaeological findings. Preservation of archaeological sites in collaboration with museums is also considered the responsibility of archaeologists. There are many archaeologists who work as directors of excavation and historical research programmes. Some archaeologists also choose teaching as their profession. This section provides information, in the form of a biography, about the life and works of renowned archaeologists from all over the world.
Howard CarterHoward Carter
(British)
Zahi HawassZahi Hawass
(Egyptian)

George Herbert, 5th Earl of CarnarvonGeorge Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon
(British)
Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
(Russian)
Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
(French)

Robert AdamRobert Adam
Edward Drinker CopeEdward Drinker Cope
(American)
Marija GimbutasMarija Gimbutas
(American)

John SoaneJohn Soane
(British)
Theodor MommsenTheodor Mommsen
(German)
Arthur EvansArthur Evans
(British)

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
(British)
Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
(Italian)
Fred VargasFred Vargas
(French)

Othniel Charles MarshOthniel Charles Marsh
(American)
Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
(British)
Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
(French)

Carleton S. CoonCarleton S. Coon
(American)
Yosef Ben-JochannanYosef Ben-Jochannan
(American)
Johann Ludwig BurckhardtJohann Ludwig Burckhardt
(Swiss)

Donald JohansonDonald Johanson
(American)
Earnest HootonEarnest Hooton
(American)
Walter AlvarezWalter Alvarez
(American)

John Lubbock, 1st Baron AveburyJohn Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
(British)
Raymond DartRaymond Dart
(Australian)
David RohlDavid Rohl
(British)

Yigael YadinYigael Yadin
(Israeli)
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)
James BruceJames Bruce
(British)

Tim D. WhiteTim D. White
(American)
Eugène DuboisEugène Dubois
Vere Gordon ChildeVere Gordon Childe
(Australian)