List of famous archaeologists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Archaeologists study ancient societies to explore the people and culture of those societies. They generally work for museums, universities and government agencies. They recover and examine ancient buildings, graves and other evidences that they have found during excavation. These materials testify to the existence of previous civilizations. The remnants of artefacts and buildings of ancient civilizations provide clear picture about the culture, food habit, religion and literature of ancient people. Archaeologists follow a systematic method when they are excavating an area where, they believe, an ancient civilisation may have existed. In order to determine their sites for excavation, they employ procedures like aerial photography and field walking and sometimes even information gathered from the local populous if they are well acquainted with the area and have found ancient artefacts in the past. Methods like drawings, written information, measurements and computer aided designs play significant roles in the profession of an archaeologist. The in-depth analysis of the drawings, designs and other data play vital role for the publication of archaeological findings. Preservation of archaeological sites in collaboration with museums is also considered the responsibility of archaeologists. There are many archaeologists who work as directors of excavation and historical research programmes. Some archaeologists also choose teaching as their profession. This section provides information, in the form of a biography, about the life and works of renowned archaeologists from all over the world.

Zahi HawassZahi Hawass
Egyptian

Neil OliverNeil Oliver
Scottish
George Herbert, 5th Earl of CarnarvonGeorge Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon
British

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
Russian
Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
French

Robert AdamRobert Adam
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R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
British
John SoaneJohn Soane
British

Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
British
Marija GimbutasMarija Gimbutas
American

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
French

Arthur EvansArthur Evans
British

Edward Drinker CopeEdward Drinker Cope
American

Theodor MommsenTheodor Mommsen
German
Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
Italian

Fred VargasFred Vargas
French

Walter AlvarezWalter Alvarez
American

Donald JohansonDonald Johanson
American
Antoine GallandAntoine Galland
French

John Lubbock, 1st Baron AveburyJohn Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
British
Carleton S. CoonCarleton S. Coon
American

Johann Ludwig BurckhardtJohann Ludwig Burckhardt
Swiss

Othniel Charles MarshOthniel Charles Marsh
American
Yosef Ben-JochannanYosef Ben-Jochannan
American

Osman Hamdi BeyOsman Hamdi Bey
Turkish
Austen Henry LayardAusten Henry Layard
British

Raymond DartRaymond Dart
Australian

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British
Earnest HootonEarnest Hooton
American
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Yigael YadinYigael Yadin
Israeli
James BruceJames Bruce
British

David RohlDavid Rohl
British

Eugène DuboisEugène Dubois
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Tim D. WhiteTim D. White
American
E.F. BensonE.F. Benson
British
Sir Mortimer WheelerSir Mortimer Wheeler
British, Scottish

Sir Flinders PetrieSir Flinders Petrie
British

John Hubert MarshallJohn Hubert Marshall
British

Sir Aurel SteinSir Aurel Stein
Hungarian, British
Sir Leonard WoolleySir Leonard Woolley
British