Philologists

Philologists study the history of language. We have compiled a list of prominent philologists, living and dead, from all over the world. The list includes famous philologists like Max Muller, James Prinsep, E.A. Wallis Budge, John Philoponus and many more.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 1, 1646
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: November 14, 1716

Born to a professor, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was well-read since childhood. A doctorate in law, he grew up to be a polymath. Apart from being one of the greatest 17th-century rationalist philosophers, he was also an eminent mathematician, scientist, and diplomat. His interests also included medicine and philology.

 2 James Murray

James Murray.
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Famous As: Lexicographer
Birthdate: February 7, 1837
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Denholm, Scotland
Died: July 26, 1915
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 3 Max Müller

Max Müller.
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Famous As: Scholar, Philologist
Birthdate: December 6, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dessau, Duchy of Anhalt, German Confederation
Died: October 28, 1900

Max Müller was a German-born Orientalist and philologist. Müller is credited with co-founding the western academic disciplines of religious studies and Indian studies. In 1874, he was honored with the Pour le Mérite. He received the prestigious Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art in 1875. In India, the Goethe Institutes are named in his honor.

 4 Jacob Grimm

Jacob Grimm.
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Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: January 4, 1785
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hanau, Germany
Died: September 20, 1863
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 5 Giacomo Leopardi

Giacomo Leopardi.
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: June 29, 1798
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Recanati, Italy
Died: June 14, 1837

Giacomo Leopardi was one of the greatest lyric poets of the 19th century. Born into a noble family, he mastered several languages and wrote many works by 16, in spite of suffering from a cerebrospinal ailment. Remembered for his iconic works such as A Silvia, he died during a cholera epidemic.

 6 Selma Ergeç

Selma Ergeç
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Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: November 1, 1978
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hamm, Germany
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 7 James Prinsep

James Prinsep
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Famous As: Antiquarian
Birthdate: August 20, 1799
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: County of Essex, England
Died: April 22, 1840
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 8 William Jones

William Jones
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Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: September 28, 1746
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 27, 1794
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 9 E. A. Wallis Budge

E. A. Wallis Budge
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Famous As: Egyptologist
Birthdate: July 27, 1857
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bodmin, England
Died: November 23, 1934

 10 Erich Auerbach

Erich Auerbach
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Famous As: Literary critic
Birthdate: November 9, 1892
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: October 13, 1957
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 11 Mildred Harnack

Mildred Harnack
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Famous As: Literary historian
Birthdate: September 16, 1902
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
Died: February 16, 1943

 12 Sahiba Gafarova

Sahiba Gafarova
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 19, 1955
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Shamkhor, Azerbaijan SSR, USSR

 13 Sibawayh

Sibawayh
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Famous As: Grammarian
Birthdate: 0760 AD
Birthplace: Beyza, Iran
Died: 0796 AD

 14 George Perkins Marsh

George Perkins Marsh
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Famous As: Environmentalist
Birthdate: March 15, 1801
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Woodstock, Vermont, United States
Died: July 23, 1882
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 15 Justus Lipsius

Justus Lipsius
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 18, 1547
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Overijse, Belgium
Died: March 23, 1606

 16 William F. Albright

William F. Albright
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: May 24, 1891
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Coquimbo, Chile
Died: September 19, 1971
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 17 Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi

Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi
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Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: 0718 AD
Birthplace: Oman
Died: 0791 AD

 18 John Philoponus

John Philoponus
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: 0490 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0570 AD

 19 J.B. Bury

J.B. Bury
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: October 16, 1861
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Clontibret, Ireland
Died: June 1, 1927

 20 Michael Witzel

Michael Witzel
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: July 18, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Swiebodzin, Poland

 21 Samuel ibn Naghrillah

Samuel ibn Naghrillah
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0993 AD
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: 1056 AD

Considered the most politically influential Jew in Muslim Spain, Samuel ibn Naghrillah was also an eminent Talmudic scholar, poet, grammarian, philologist and soldier. Beginning his life as a merchant in Córdoba, he later moved to Granada, where his linguistic and calligraphic skills caught the attention of the vizier; he was appointed first as assistant vizier and on latter on as the vizier.

 22 Friedrich Schlegel

Friedrich Schlegel
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 10, 1772
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hannover, Germany
Died: January 12, 1829

 23 Motoori Norinaga

Motoori Norinaga
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Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: June 21, 1730
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ise Province, Japan
Died: October 5, 1801

 24 Isaac Casaubon

Isaac Casaubon
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Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: February 18, 1559
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: July 1, 1614

 25 Johann Jakob Bachofen

Johann Jakob Bachofen
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Famous As: Antiquarian
Birthdate: December 22, 1815
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland
Died: November 25, 1887

 26 Frederic W. H. Myers

Frederic W. H. Myers
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: February 6, 1843
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Keswick, England
Died: January 17, 1901

Frederic W.H. Myers was a 19th-century classicist and a Victorian psychical researcher. The essayist’s best-known work remains his posthumously published 2-volume collection Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death. He also penned award-winning poems. Rumors claim he was homosexual but also had a relationship with his cousin's wife.

 27 William Barnes

William Barnes
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 22, 1801
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bagber, England
Died: October 7, 1886

 28 Leopoldo Lugones

Leopoldo Lugones
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: June 13, 1874
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Villa de María del Río Seco, Argentina
Died: February 18, 1938

 29 Fujiwara no Teika

Fujiwara no Teika
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1162 AD
Birthplace: Kyoto, Japan
Died: September 26, 1241

 30 Mukhtar Auezov

Mukhtar Auezov
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: September 28, 1897
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Abay District, East Kazakhstan
Died: June 27, 1961

 31 Ludwig Uhland

Ludwig Uhland
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: April 26, 1787
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tübingen, Germany
Died: November 13, 1862

 32 Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange

Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: December 18, 1610
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Amiens, France
Died: October 23, 1688

 33 Germà Colón

Germà Colón
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Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: November 30, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Castellón de la Plana, Spain
Died: March 22, 2020

Spanish philologist Germà Colón is remembered as one of the greatest experts of linguistic historiography. Apart from penning iconic works such as The Landscape of Catalan Lexicography, he also taught at various universities and was awarded the St. George's Cross by the Catalan government. He eventually died of COVID-19.

 34 Frederick James Furnivall

Frederick James Furnivall
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Famous As: Philologists
Birthdate: February 4, 1825
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Egham, England, United Kingdom
Died: July 2, 1910

 35 Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff

Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: December 22, 1848
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Province of Posen, Poland
Died: September 25, 1931

 36 Rasmus Rask

Rasmus Rask
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: November 22, 1787
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Denmark
Died: November 14, 1832

 37 Eugene Aram

Eugene Aram
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Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: 1704 AD
Birthplace: Ramsgill, England, United Kingdom
Died: August 16, 1759

 38 Eldad ha-Dani

Eldad ha-Dani
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Famous As: Merchant
Birthdate: 0851 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0900 AD

 39 Louis Lucien Bonaparte

Louis Lucien Bonaparte
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 4, 1813
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Thorngrove, England
Died: November 3, 1891

 40 Ramón Menéndez Pidal

Ramón Menéndez Pidal
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Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: March 13, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: A Coruña, Spain
Died: November 14, 1968

 41 Pedro Henriquez Urena

Pedro Henriquez Urena
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Famous As: Essayist
Birthdate: June 29, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Died: May 11, 1946

 42 Ndre Mjeda

Ndre Mjeda
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 20, 1866
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Shkodër, Ottoman Empire
Died: August 1, 1937

 43 Antoine Meillet

Antoine Meillet
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: November 11, 1866
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moulins, France
Died: September 21, 1936

 44 Zhang Binglin

Zhang Binglin
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Famous As: Philologists
Birthdate: January 12, 1869
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Yuhang District, Hangzhou, China
Died: June 14, 1936

 45 William Dwight Whitney

William Dwight Whitney
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: February 9, 1827
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Northampton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 7, 1894

 46 Josef Dobrovský

Josef Dobrovský
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Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: August 17, 1753
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gyarmat, Hungary
Died: January 6, 1829

 47 Jonathan Boucher

Jonathan Boucher
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Famous As: Teacher
Birthdate: May 12, 1738
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cumberland, England
Died: April 27, 1804

 48 Pavel Josef Šafařík

Pavel Josef Šafařík
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: May 13, 1795
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kobeliarovo, Slovakia
Died: June 26, 1861

 49 Henri II Estienne

Henri II Estienne
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Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: 1528 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 1598 AD

 50 Al-Asmaʿi

Al-Asmaʿi
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: 0740 AD
Birthplace: Basra, Iraq
Died: 0828 AD
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