Economists

An economist is a person who has studied and is well versed with the policies and practices in the field of economics. Not only are these people well versed with the intricacies of economics but are also the very people who create, propose and even implement certain policies that are designed to better serve they work for. The sectors where they are found generally include the private sector and the public sector or the government sector. While most colleges offer courses in the study of economics, which can take up to 6 years to complete, there have been instances where some of the most notable economists come for backgrounds that may vary from mathematics to sociology and even history. The field of economics even has Nobel Prize associated with it. The list of Nobel laureates in economics include names like Amartya Sen, who got it for his work on welfare economics, Daniel Kahneman, who got the award for his work with the integration of learning’s from phycology into economic science and Elinor Ostrom who was awarded this prestigious honour for her work in the field of economic governance. What follows is a collection of the biographies, including the life story, trivia, interesting facts and timelines, of some such famous economists.
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 1 Adam Smith

Adam Smith
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Famous As: Economist and Philosopher
Birthdate: June 16, 1723
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Scottish
Died: July 17, 1790

Widely considered The Father of Economics, Adam Smith was a Scottish philosopher and economist. A pioneer of political economy, Adam Smith played a major role during the Scottish Enlightenment. His book The Wealth of Nations is regarded as the first modern work of economics and a forerunner of today's academic discipline of economics.

 2 Vallabhbhai Patel

Vallabhbhai Patel
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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Economist
Birthdate: October 31, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 15, 1950
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 3 Milton Friedman

Milton Friedman
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Famous As: Economist, Statistician
Birthdate: July 31, 1912
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: November 16, 2006

Milton Friedman was an American economist. Widely regarded as one of the most influential economists of the 20th century, Friedman was honored with the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1976. One of the most influential personalities of the Chicago school of economics, Friedman mentored people like Gary Becker and Thomas Sowell who went on to become leading economists.

 4 Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton
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Famous As: Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Birthdate: January 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: July 12, 1804

Known as America’s one of the most influential Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and served as the first secretary of the treasury. He also fought in the American Revolutionary War and was considered as a leading votary of the strong central government.

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 5 Thomas Sowell

Thomas Sowell
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: June 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

One of the few personalities known for his disdain of self-promotion, Thomas Sowell is an important American social theorist and economist. Over the years, he has played a prominent role working as a faculty member of many prestigious universities, such as the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Cornell University

 6 Max Weber

Maximilian Carl Emil Weber
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Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: April 21, 1864
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: June 14, 1920

Max Weber was a German historian, political economist, jurist, and sociologist. Widely regarded as one of the most influential and important theorists, Weber's ideas had a profound influence on social research and social theory. Although he did not see himself as a sociologist, Weber is often counted among the fathers of sociology alongside Émile Durkheim, Auguste Comte, and Karl Marx.

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 7 Urjit Patel

Urjit Patel
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: October 28, 1963
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
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 8 Amartya Sen

Amartya Sen
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Famous As: Economist & Philosopher
Birthdate: November 3, 1933
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Indian economist Amartya Sen was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theory. Sen is known for his development of more sophisticated measures of poverty, and also for his work on the causes and prevention of famines. He is considered an important contemporary liberal thinker for his views about the nature and primacy of liberty. 
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 9 Friedrich von Hayek

Friedrich von Hayek
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: May 8, 1899
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian, German, British
Died: March 23, 1992

A winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Friedrich von Hayek, was an advocate of classical liberalism. The Austrian-British economist, who was also a political philosopher, co-founded the Mont Pelerin Society. He worked at the London School of Economics, the University of Chicago and the University of Freiburg and authored the popular book, The Road to Serfdom.

 10 John Stuart Mill

John Stuart Mill
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Famous As: British Philosopher and Civil Servant.
Birthdate: May 20, 1806
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: May 8, 1873
Nineteenth-century philosopher John Stuart Mill is best remembered for his work On Liberty, which spoke of personal freedom and "the harm principle.” His The Subjection of Women was one of the first works written by a male author that promoted women's rights. He supported Jeremy Bentham's ethical utilitarianism.
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 11 Alan Greenspan

Alan Greenspan
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Famous As: American economist
Birthdate: March 6, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Economist Alan Greenspan chaired the U.S. Federal Reserve from 1987 to 2006. It is believed that his easy money policies had caused the subprime mortgage crisis of 2008. He now works as a consultant through his organization Greenspan Associates LLC. He was also trained in clarinet at the Juilliard School.

 12 Christine Lagarde

Christine Lagarde
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Famous As: Economist, Lawyer, Diplomat, Politician, Synchronized swimmer, Banker
Birthdate: January 1, 1956
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French

 13 Peter Navarro

Peter Navarro
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: July 15, 1949
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Economist and writer Peter Navarro has served as the Director of the Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy and the Director of the National Trade Council under former president Donald Trump. He has also authored books such as Death by China and taught at the University of California.

 14 Robert Reich

Robert Reich
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 24, 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
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 15 George Osborne

George Osborne
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Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: May 23, 1971
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British

 16 Thomas Robert Malthus

Thomas Robert Malthus
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Famous As: Political Economist
Birthdate: February 13, 1766
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: December 23, 1834
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 17 Daniel Kahneman

David Kahneman
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Famous As: American-Israeli psychologist
Birthdate: March 5, 1934
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Israeli, American

Daniel Kahneman is an Israeli economist and psychologist. He was honored with the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work on behavioral economics. In 2011, Kahneman was named among the top global thinkers by Foreign Policy magazine. In 2015, Daniel Kahneman was ranked seventh in the most influential economist in the world list published by The Economist.

 18 Eric Weinstein

Eric Weinstein
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 26, 1965
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

 19 Niall Ferguson

Niall Ferguson
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Famous As: Writer, Economic historian, Historian, University teacher, Journalist, Economist
Birthdate: April 18, 1964
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British

 20 Abhijit Banerjee

Abhijit Banerjee
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: February 21, 1961
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Indian, American

 21 Vicente Fox

Vicente Fox
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Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: July 2, 1942
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Mexican

 22 Dominique Strauss-Kahn

Dominique Strauss-Kahn
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Famous As: Economist, Politician, Lawyer, University teacher
Birthdate: April 25, 1949
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French

 23 António de Oliveira Salazar

António de Oliveira Salazar
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Famous As: Former Acting President of Portugal
Birthdate: April 28, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Portuguese
Died: July 27, 1970
Portuguese economist António de Oliveira Salazar had been the prime minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968. He had also been the minister of defense and finance, among others. He led to the Estado Novo, or New State, in Portugal. He opposed Nazism and fascism, and demilitarized his country.

 24 Sepp Blatter

Sepp Blatter
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Famous As: Functionary, Economist
Birthdate: March 10, 1936
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Swiss

 25 Auguste Comte

Auguste Comte
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: January 19, 1798
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: September 5, 1857
Known as the pioneer of sociology and positivism, philosopher Auguste Comte had an elite schooling at the prestigious École Polytechnique. Though infamous for being egocentric, he was known for his dedication to society and social upliftment. He authored The Positive Philosophy and was influenced by Henri de Saint-Simon.

 26 Thabo Mbeki

Thabo Mbeki
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Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: June 18, 1942
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: South African

 27 Yanis Varoufakis

Yanis Varoufakis
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Famous As: Economist, Politician, Professor, Non-fiction writer, University teacher
Birthdate: March 24, 1961
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Australian, Greek

 28 Muhammad Yunus

Muhammad Yunus
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Birthdate: June 28, 1940
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Bangladeshi
More like a messiah to the poor, Muhammad Yunus initially helped poverty-stricken weavers of Bangladesh with small loans and eventually set up the Grameen Bank. The Nobel Peace Prize-winning social entrepreneur serves several charities, too. He was eventually removed from Grameen Bank by the government, due to old age.

 29 Lawrence Summers

Lawrence Summers
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: November 30, 1954
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American

 30 Queen Máxima of the Netherlands

Queen Máxima of the Netherlands
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: May 17, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Argentinian, Dutch

 31 Frederick Winslow Taylor

Frederick Winslow Taylor
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Famous As: Tennis player, Engineer, Economist, Golfer, Management consultant, Mechanical engineer, Lecturer, Writer
Birthdate: March 20, 1856
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: March 21, 1915

 32 Lawrence Kudlow

Lawrence Kudlow
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Famous As: Director of the National Economic Council
Birthdate: August 20, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

 33 Joseph E. Stiglitz

Joseph E. Stiglitz
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Famous As: Economist & Author
Birthdate: February 9, 1943
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 34 Joseph Stiglitz

Joseph Stiglitz
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Famous As: Economist, University teacher, Science writer, Non-fiction writer, Professor, Critic, Writer, Scientist
Birthdate: February 9, 1943
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 35 Li Keqiang

Li Keqiang
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Famous As: Politician, Economist
Birthdate: July 1, 1955
Sun Sign: Cancer

 36 Viktor Yanukovych

Viktor Yanukovych
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Famous As: Politician, Engineer, Economist, Racecar driver
Birthdate: July 9, 1950
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Ukrainian

 37 Scott Adams

Scott Adams
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Famous As: Comics artist, Economist, Journalist
Birthdate: June 8, 1957
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 38 Francis Fukuyama

Francis Fukuyama
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Famous As: Writer, Political scientist, Blogger, Economist
Birthdate: October 27, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

 39 Joseph Schumpeter

Joseph Schumpeter
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: February 8, 1883
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian, Czech
Died: January 8, 1950
Business students remember Austrian economist and sociologist Joseph Schumpeter for his contribution to the concepts of entrepreneurship, creative destruction, and business cycles. An academic, who had also taught at Harvard, Schumpeter believed capitalism would someday automatically give way to socialism, a thought he expressed in Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy

 40 Carlos Salinas de Gortari

Carlos Salinas de Gortari
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Famous As: President
Birthdate: April 3, 1948
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Mexican

Economist Carlos Salinas de Gortari boasts of a PhD from Harvard. The former Mexican president is known for opening up his country to foreign investments. Riddled with controversies and corruption scandals, he stepped down and went into exile later. He is considered one of the most-hated Mexican leaders ever.

 41 William Lyon Mackenzie King

William Lyon Mackenzie King
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Canada
Birthdate: December 17, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Canadian
Died: July 22, 1950

 42 Mark Carney

Mark Carney
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: March 16, 1965
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Canadian, Irish, British

 43 David Ricardo

David Ricardo
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: April 18, 1772
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: September 11, 1823

 44 Benoit Mandelbrot

Benoit Mandelbrot
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Famous As: Mathematician, Economist, Professor, Scientist, Writer, Computer scientist
Birthdate: November 20, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French, Polish, American
Died: October 14, 2010

 45 Viktor Yushchenko

Viktor Yushchenko
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Famous As: Economist, Politician, Banker
Birthdate: February 23, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Ukrainian

 46 Richard Thaler

Richard Thaler
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Famous As: Nobel Prize Winner in Economics (2017)
Birthdate: September 12, 1945
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 47 Ludwig von Mises

Ludwig von Mises
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Famous As: Economist, Philosopher, Sociologist
Birthdate: September 29, 1881
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 10, 1973
A polyglot at age 12, Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises grew up to acquire a doctorate in law and taught at the universities of New York and Vienna. Known for his works such as The Anti-Capitalistic Mentality, he supported free-market liberalism and opposed socialism. 

 48 Hina Rabbani Khar

Hina Rabbani Khar
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Famous As: Diplomat, Politician, Entrepreneur, Economist
Birthdate: November 19, 1977
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Pakistani

 49 Anita Bose Pfaff

Anita Bose Pfaff
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: November 29, 1942
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Anita Bose Pfaff is an economist and the only daughter of Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and his Austrian wife/companion Emilie Schenkl. Anita was just 4 months old when Netaji left them to fight against the British with Japan’s help. Anita was singlehandedly raised by Emilie.

 50 Mario Draghi

Mario Draghi
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Famous As: Economist, Banker, University teacher
Birthdate: September 3, 1947
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Italian
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