Historians

A historian may refer to any person who is involved in the study of history of a particular period of time or any other kind of social phenomenon that has occurred in the past. Historians are regarded as the authority in affairs related to history and they may be involved in many kinds of research activities of past events. In the late 19th century, the profession of a historian became one of the established professions, after many universities were delving into research work. It is very important for a historian to treat all the facts that he procures with a certain degree of objectivity and consider counter evidences that he comes across. Historians hold a significant and important position in the society as they play the role of telling the world the truth. Historians may also be involved in the research of already established facts to ascertain truth or provide other sources of information. The job of a historian is versatile and dynamic one as their work can provide many pieces of information that is hitherto unknown to the world. This collection of biographies with trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history will provide detailed information on famous historians.
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 1 Newt Gingrich

Newt Gingrich
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 17, 1943
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 2 Herodotus

Herodotus
0
Famous As: The Father of History
Birthdate: 0483 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0425 BC

Herodotus was a Greek historian credited with writing a book titled The Histories, a detailed record on the genesis of the Greco-Persian Wars. Dubbed the Father of History, Herodotus is widely believed to have been the first person to write about historical events based on information gathered about the events through a method of systematic investigation.

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 3 Niccolò Machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli
2
Famous As: Political Philosopher
Birthdate: May 3, 1469
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Italian
Died: June 21, 1527
Italian Renaissance philosopher, diplomat, and author Niccolò Machiavelli is remembered for his work The Prince. He believed that the end or the intention behind any action justifies the action. He gave rise to the term Machiavellianism, which signifies the use of deceit and treachery to achieve one’s goals. 

 4 Max Weber

Maximilian Carl Emil Weber
0
Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: April 21, 1864
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: June 14, 1920

Max Weber was a German historian, political economist, jurist, and sociologist. Widely regarded as one of the most influential and important theorists, Weber's ideas had a profound influence on social research and social theory. Although he did not see himself as a sociologist, Weber is often counted among the fathers of sociology alongside Émile Durkheim, Auguste Comte, and Karl Marx.

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 5 David Hume

David Hume
0
Famous As: Philosopher & Historian
Birthdate: April 26, 1711
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Scottish
Died: August 25, 1776

Scottish Enlightenment philosopher, historian, and economist, David Hume, is considered one of the most important philosophers to write in English. His book, A Treatise of Human Nature, is counted among the most influential works in the history of philosophy. His works have influenced numerous thinkers, including German philosopher Immanuel Kant and Christian philosopher Joseph Butler.

 6 Terry Jones

Terry Jones
0
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: February 1, 1942
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British, Welsh
Died: January 21, 2020
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 7 Thucydides

Thucydides
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0460 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0400 BC
Athenian historian and general Thucydides is remembered for his History of the Peloponnesian War. He was believed to be unbiased in reporting the events of his time and is considered a pioneer of political realism. Some of his other works are the Melian dialogue and Pericles' Funeral Oration.
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 8 Alexis de Tocqueville

Alexis de Tocqueville
0
Birthdate: July 29, 1805
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: April 16, 1859

French diplomat and political scientist Alexis de Tocqueville is best remembered for his written works The Old Regime and the Revolution and Democracy in America. He was part of French politics, primarily during the July Monarchy and the Second Republic. He had been the minister of foreign affairs briefly.

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 9 Lucy Worsley

Lucy Worsley
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: December 18, 1973
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British

 10 Niall Ferguson

Niall Ferguson
0
Famous As: Writer, Economic historian, Historian, University teacher, Journalist, Economist
Birthdate: April 18, 1964
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
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 11 Jon Meacham

Jon Meacham
0
Famous As: Journalist, Historian, Biographer
Birthdate: May 20, 1969
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American

 12 Tacitus

Tacitus
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0056 AD
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: 0120 AD

Tacitus was a Roman politician and historian. He is widely considered one of the greatest Roman historians of all time. Tacitus is best remembered for his fascinating insights into the psychology of politics, especially power politics.

 13 Victor Davis Hanson

Victor Davis Hanson
0
Famous As: Historian, University teacher, Journalist
Birthdate: September 5, 1953
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 14 David McCullough

David McCullough
0
Famous As: Author, Historian
Birthdate: July 7, 1933
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
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 15 Michel Foucault

Michel Foucault
0
Famous As: French philosopher
Birthdate: October 15, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: June 25, 1984

If others thought the body was the prison of the soul, Paul-Michel Foucault felt the other way round. The French philosopher, literary critic and Leftist who interpreted the link between power and knowledge, was a post-structuralist whose theories have left a mark on anthropology, psychology and criminology. The feminist was one of the noted personalities to have died of HIV/AIDS.

 16 Francis Fukuyama

Francis Fukuyama
0
Famous As: Writer, Political scientist, Blogger, Economist
Birthdate: October 27, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
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 17 Xenophon

Xenophon
0
Birthdate: 0430 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0354 BC

Remembered as both an Athenian military leader and an author, Xenophon, a friend of Socrates, remains a major link between historians and the Greek philosopher, with his works such as Symposium and Memorabilia. He also led the Ten Thousand, in a Persian expedition under Cyrus the Younger.

 18 David Eisenhower

David Eisenhower
0
Famous As: Officer
Birthdate: March 31, 1948
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 19 Ibn Battuta

Ibn Battuta
0
Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: February 25, 1304
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Moroccan
Died: 1377 AD

Ibn Battuta was a Berber-Moroccan explorer and scholar who traveled extensively, visiting most of the Old World over a period of three decades. He is one of the most traveled explorers in history. After returning home, Ibn Battuta dictated an account of his journeys, which is simply referred to as The Rihla.

 20 Anthony Blunt

Anthony Blunt
0
Famous As: Art Historian, University Teacher
Birthdate: September 26, 1907
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: March 26, 1983
Art historian Anthony Blunt is best remembered as part of the spy group Cambridge Five. His confession, revealed after years, stripped him of his knighthood. An expert on the works of Baroque painter Nicolas Poussin, he had also authored works such as Art and Architecture in France 1500–1700.

 21 Suzannah Lipscomb

Suzannah Lipscomb
0
Famous As: historian
Birthdate: December 7, 1978
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British

 22 Livy

Livy
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0059 BC
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: 0017 AD

Livy was a Roman historian. His seminal work, Ab Urbe Condita, covers the history of Rome through several centuries. A respected figure in society, he was on friendly terms with members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He wrote during the reign of Emperor Augustus, who was reportedly his friend. Livy was married and had at least two children. 

 23 Gregg Wallace

Gregg Wallace
0
Famous As: TV Presenters
Birthdate: October 17, 1964
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British

 24 Polybius

Polybius
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0208 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0125 BC

Polybius was a Greek historian who lived during the Hellenistic period. He is best remembered for his work The Histories, which covers the period of 264–146 BC in detail. It includes his eyewitness accounts of significant events like the Sack of Carthage and Corinth in 146 BC. Unfortunately, many others of his works have been lost.

 25 Ibn Khaldun

Ibn Khaldun
0
Famous As: Historiographer
Birthdate: May 27, 1332
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Egyptian, Tunisian
Died: March 19, 1406

Ibn Khaldun was an Arab scholar, philosopher, social scientist, and historian. He is often credited with founding the modern disciplines of sociology, historiography, economics, and demography. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of the medieval period.

 26 Cato the Elder

Cato the Elder
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0234 BC
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: 0149 BC

Known for writing the first authentic history of Rome in Latin, Cato disliked luxury and was against the Hellenic culture that the Scipio family propagated. His role in the destruction of Carthage is of major significance. The Roman statesman gained many enemies for his stern actions as a censor.

 27 Joe Medicine Crow

Joe Medicine Crow
0
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: October 27, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: April 3, 2016

 28 Sarah Vowell

Sarah Vowell
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: December 27, 1969
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

 29 Henry Louis Gates Jr.

Henry Louis Gates Jr.
0
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: September 16, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 30 Bartolomé de las Casas

Bartolomé de las Casas
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: November 11, 1484
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish
Died: July 18, 1566
Known for works such as Historia de las Indias, Spanish historian Bartolomé de las Casas is remembered as the first to have focused on the exploitation of the indigenous community in the Americas. His life-long struggle to end slavery brought about significant changes in the treatment of colonized people.

 31 Oswald Spengler

Oswald Spengler
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 29, 1880
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: German
Died: May 8, 1936

German historian Oswald Spengler is best remembered for his iconic The Decline of the West, which had a huge influence on social theory. He believed that culture cannot be transferred and that it can only decline and decay like an organism. He lived his final years in isolation in Munich.

 32 Gilles Deleuze

Gilles Deleuze
0
Famous As: Philosopher, Historian, Writer, University teacher, Philosophy historian, Journalist
Birthdate: January 18, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: November 4, 1995

 33 Strabo

Strabo
0
Famous As: Geographer, Philosopher, Historian
Birthdate: 0064 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0024 AD

Strabo was a Greek philosopher, geographer, and historian. He is best remembered for his work Geographica, an encyclopedia of geographical knowledge. Written in Greek during Strabo's time, Geographica holds great historical significance as it houses a descriptive history of places and people from different regions. Among his descriptions were places like the city of Alexandria and India.

 34 Eric Bogosian

Eric Bogosian
0
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: April 24, 1953
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American

 35 Bettany Hughes

Bettany Hughes
0
Famous As: historian
Birthdate: 1968 AD
Nationality: British

 36 Thomas Babington Macaulay

Thomas Babington Macaulay
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: October 25, 1800
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: December 28, 1859

 37 Friedrich Schiller

Friedrich Schiller
0
Famous As: Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher
Birthdate: November 10, 1759
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: May 9, 1805

Friedrich Schiller was a German poet, physician, philosopher, playwright, and historian. Schiller is best remembered for his friendship with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and the two discussed issues concerning aesthetics. Schiller's discussions with Goethe paved the way for a period, which came to be known as Weimar Classicism. Friedrich Schiller is also widely regarded as Germany's most prominent classical playwright.

 38 Michael Eric Dyson

Michael Eric Dyson
0
Famous As: Historian, Biographer
Birthdate: October 23, 1958
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 39 Simon Russell Beale

Simon Russell Beale
0
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: January 12, 1961
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Malaysian, British

 40 Tim Considine

Tim Considine
0
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: December 31, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

 41 Virginia Dare

Virginia Dare
0
Famous As: Colonist
Birthdate: August 18, 1587
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

 42 Anne Applebaum

Anne Applebaum
0
Famous As: Columnist, Historian, Writer, Non-fiction writer, Journalist
Birthdate: July 25, 1964
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Polish, American

 43 Carter Woodson

Carter Woodson
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: December 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 3, 1950

 44 Joseph L. Galloway

Joseph L. Galloway
0
Famous As: Journalist, Historian
Birthdate: November 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

 45 Abul A'la Maududi

Abul A'la Maududi
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: September 25, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian, Pakistani
Died: September 22, 1979

 46 Stamford Raffles

Stamford Raffles
0
Famous As: Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
Birthdate: July 6, 1781
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Jamaican, British
Died: July 5, 1826

Stamford Raffles was a British statesman who served as the Lieutenant-Governor of the Dutch East Indies from 1811 to 1816. From 1818 to 1824, he served as the Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen. Raffles is best remembered for founding the Straits Settlements and modern Singapore. He also played a major role in the invasion of Java in 1811 during the Napoleonic Wars.

 47 René Girard

René Girard
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: December 25, 1923
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: November 4, 2015

René Girard was a French philosopher of social science, literary critic, and historian. Over the years, Girard's work has had an influence on disciplines like philosophy, anthropology, psychology, mythology, theology, economics, sociology, and cultural studies among other important disciplines. In 2006, René Girard was honored by the University of Tübingen with the prestigious Dr. Leopold Lucas Prize.

 48 Suetonius

Suetonius
0
Famous As: Secretary, historian
Birthdate: 0069 AD
Nationality: Italian
Died: 0122 AD

 49 Harry Turtledove

Harry Turtledove
0
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: June 14, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 50 Helmuth von Moltke the Elder

Helmuth von Moltke the Elder
0
Famous As: General, Historian
Birthdate: October 26, 1800
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: April 24, 1891

Helmuth von Moltke the Elder was a Prussian field marshal who served as the chief of staff in the Royal Prussian Army for 30 years. Moltke, who commanded troops during Austro-Prussian War, Second Schleswig War, and the Franco-Prussian War, is credited with creating a new method of directing armies. He is also credited with pioneering the military usage of railways. 

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