Psychologists

A psychologist studies human behavior and mental thought processes through systematic observation. Ensuring the mental well-being of people is one of the sole functional areas and responsibility of a psychologist. They may work as motivational trainers, help to build organizational skills and help students cope with stress, thus offering their services to help shape human personalities. A psychologist is thus any licensed person, trained and adequately qualified to provide mental-health treatment. There are many types of psychologists, including clinical psychologists, school psychologists, organizational psychologists, sports psychologists, criminal psychologists and rehabilitation psychologists, among others. The earliest developments in the field of psychology were during the time of the early Greeks. In the 17th century, Rene Descartes, a French philosopher proclaimed that the mind and the body were separate entities. The concept of psychology has ancient roots and did not evolve into a full-fledged science, until the year 1879, when the first psychology lab was established. Here is a compilation of a list of famous psychologists. Explore and learn more interesting facts and details about them through their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

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 1 Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud
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Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: May 6, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian
Died: September 23, 1939

Regarded as the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud was a neurologist. Despite suffering criticism, psychoanalysis remains influential in the fields of psychology and psychiatry; such is the influence Freud has on humanities. Scholars believe that Freud is one of the most influential personalities of the 20th century and that his impact is comparable to that of Marxism and Darwinism.

 2 B. F. Skinner

B. F. Skinner
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Famous As: American psychologist
Birthdate: March 20, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: August 18, 1990

B. F. Skinner was an American behaviorist, psychologist, inventor, author, and social philosopher. Skinner, who taught psychology at Harvard University, is credited with founding a school of thought in psychology called the experimental analysis of behavior. Regarded as a pioneer of modern behaviorism, Skinner was named the 20th century's most influential psychologist, according to a survey conducted in June 2002. 

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 3 Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget
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Birthdate: August 9, 1896
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swiss
Died: September 16, 1980
Swiss psychologist and academic Jean Piaget is remembered for his work on child development and genetic epistemology, consisting of his theory of cognitive development. He also established the International Center for Genetic Epistemology and was the director of the International Bureau of Education. He was an honorary Harvard doctorate.

 4 Jordan Peterson

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Clinical Psychologist
Birthdate: June 12, 1962
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Canadian

Canadian clinical psychologist, Jordan Peterson, became internationally known in the 2010s for his views on cultural and political issues. He became active on YouTube in 2016 and shared many videos that have since received millions of views. He has faced criticism for his sexist and misogynistic views. Despite the controversies, he continues to be popular and is a bestselling author.

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 5 William James

William James
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Famous As: Philosopher, Psychologist
Birthdate: January 11, 1842
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: August 26, 1910

William James was an American psychologist and philosopher. Widely regarded as the father of American psychology and one of the most influential American philosophers, James was the first educator in the United States to offer a course in psychology. He is also credited with co-founding a psychological school of thought called functional psychology and establishing a philosophical school called pragmatism.

 6 Abraham Maslow

Abraham Maslow
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Birthdate: April 1, 1908
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: June 8, 1970

Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist best remembered for creating an idea in psychology called Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Maslow, who advocated self-actualization, is also credited with co-founding the school of transpersonal psychology. In 1967, he was adjudged Humanist of the Year by the popular non-profit organization, American Humanist Association.

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 7 Lev Vygotsky

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lev_Vygotsky.jpg
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: November 17, 1896
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian
Died: June 11, 1934
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 8 Philip Zimbardo

Philip Zimbardo
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Famous As: Social psychologist, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Psychologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1933
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
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 9 Erik Erikson

Erik Erikson
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Famous As: American-German psychologist
Birthdate: June 15, 1902
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Canadian, German, American
Died: May 12, 1994

 10 Carl Rogers

Carl Rogers
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: January 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: February 4, 1987
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 11 Christine Blasey Ford

Christine Blasey Ford
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Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: November 28, 1966
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American

 12 Timothy Francis Leary

Timothy Francis Leary
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Famous As: American psychologist
Birthdate: October 22, 1920
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: May 31, 1996

Psychologist and former Harvard professor Timothy Leary was an advocate of psychedelic drugs. His research experiments included the controversial Concord Prison Experiment and Marsh Chapel Experiment. After being fired from Harvard for his actions, he continued promoting his theories through catchphrases such as “turn on, tune in, drop out.”

 13 John B. Watson

John B. Watson
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: January 9, 1878
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: September 25, 1958

 14 Alfred Adler

Alfred Adler
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Birthdate: February 7, 1870
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: May 28, 1937
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 15 John Dewey

John Dewey
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 20, 1859
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: June 1, 1952

A staunch advocate of progressive education and liberalism, the American philosopher and psychologist was the founder of the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools. John Dewey’s famous writings included The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology and Human Nature and Conduct. According to him, passion for knowledge and intellectual curiosity were central to a teacher. He called himself a democratic socialist.

 16 Theodor W. Adorno

Theodor W. Adorno
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: September 11, 1903
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: August 6, 1969
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 17 Erich Fromm

Erich Fromm
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1900
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: March 18, 1980

 18 William Moulton Marston

William Moulton Marston
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: May 9, 1893
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: May 2, 1947
Psychologist William Moulton Marston, also known as “Charles Moulton,” is remembered for inventing a precursor of the lie detector, along with his wife, Elizabeth Holloway. He was also a comic book author, who created the superheroine Wonder Woman. He was in a polyamorous relationship with his wife and Olive Byrne.

 19 Harry Harlow

Harry Harlow
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: October 31, 1905
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: December 6, 1981

 20 Steven Pinker

Steven Pinker
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Famous As: Psychologist, Linguists
Birthdate: September 18, 1954
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Canadian, American

Steven Pinker is a Canadian-American linguist, cognitive psychologist, and popular science author. He is also a supporter of the computational theory of mind and evolutionary psychology. His works have earned him awards from organizations like the National Academy of Sciences, the American Psychological Association, and the American Humanist Association. In 2013, he was named in Prospect magazine's World Thinkers list.

 21 Daniel Kahneman

David Kahneman
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Famous As: American-Israeli psychologist
Birthdate: March 5, 1934
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Israeli, American

 22 Stanley Milgram

Stanley Milgram
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Famous As: Psychologist, University teacher, Sociologist
Birthdate: August 15, 1933
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: December 20, 1984

 23 Eugene Landy

Eugene Landy
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: November 26, 1934
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: March 22, 2006

 24 Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
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Famous As: Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: September 29, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 25 Jacques Lacan

Jacques Lacan
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Famous As: Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: April 13, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: September 9, 1981

 26 N. K. Jemisin

N. K. Jemisin
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: September 19, 1972
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 27 Carol Dweck

Carol Dweck
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: October 17, 1946
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 28 Henry Murray

Henry Murray
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: May 13, 1893
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: June 23, 1988

 29 Simon Baron-Cohen

Simon Baron-Cohen
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Famous As: Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist, Researcher
Birthdate: August 15, 1958
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 30 Magnus Hirschfeld

Magnus Hirschfeld
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Famous As: Physician, Writer, Psychologist, Screenwriter, Sexologist
Birthdate: May 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: May 15, 1935

 31 John Money

John Money
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Famous As: Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Physician, University teacher
Birthdate: July 8, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: New Zealander, American
Died: July 7, 2006

 32 Laura Schlessinger

Laura Schlessinger
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Famous As: Radio personality, Writer, Social worker, Psychologist, Children's writer, Journalist
Birthdate: January 16, 1947
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

 33 Herbert Simon

Herbert Simon
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Famous As: Economist, Political scientist, sociologist, psychologist, and professor
Birthdate: June 15, 1916
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: February 9, 2001

 34 Jonathan Haidt

Jonathan Haidt
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1963
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 35 Dan Ariely

Dan Ariely
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: April 29, 1967
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Israeli, American

 36 France Nuyen

France Nuyen
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Famous As: Psychotherapist, Psychologist, Stage actor, Film actor
Birthdate: July 31, 1939
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French

 37 Carol S. Dweck

Carol S. Dweck
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Famous As: Physiologists
Birthdate: October 17, 1976
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 38 George Herbert Mead

George Herbert Mead
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: February 27, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: April 26, 1931

 39 Howard Gardner

Howard Gardner
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Famous As: Teacher, Psychologist, University teacher, Neurologist
Birthdate: July 11, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

 40 Rupert Sheldrake

Rupert Sheldrake
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: June 28, 1942
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British

 41 Paul Ekman

Paul Ekman
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Famous As: Psychologist, Anthropologist, Sociologist, Non-fiction writer, University teacher
Birthdate: February 15, 1934
Sun Sign: Aquarius

 42 Eric Hoffer

Eric Hoffer
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Famous As: Writer, Philosopher, Psychologist
Birthdate: July 25, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: May 21, 1983

 43 Olga Tokarczuk

Olga Tokarczuk
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Famous As: Novelist, Writer, Psychologist
Birthdate: January 29, 1962
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Polish

 44 Anna Freud

Anna Freud
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Famous As: Founder of psychoanalytic child psychology
Birthdate: December 3, 1895
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 9, 1982

 45 Edward Thorndike

Edward Thorndike
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: August 31, 1874
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: August 9, 1949

 46 Robert Anton Wilson

Robert Anton Wilson
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Famous As: Writer, Novelist, Philosopher, Essayist, Playwright, Psychologist, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: January 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: January 11, 2007

 47 Kurt Lewin

Kurt Lewin
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: September 9, 1890
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German, American
Died: February 12, 1947

 48 Robert Cialdini

Robert Cialdini
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: April 27, 1945
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American

 49 Jerome Bruner

Jerome Bruner
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Famous As: Psychologist, University teacher
Birthdate: October 1, 1915
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: June 5, 2016

 50 Sara Netanyahu

Sara Netanyahu
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: November 5, 1958
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Israeli
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