Psychologists

A psychologist studies human behavior and mental thought processes through systematic observation. Ensuring the mental well-being of people is one of the sole functional areas and responsibility of a psychologist. They may work as motivational trainers, help to build organizational skills and help students cope with stress, thus offering their services to help shape human personalities. A psychologist is thus any licensed person, trained and adequately qualified to provide mental-health treatment. There are many types of psychologists, including clinical psychologists, school psychologists, organizational psychologists, sports psychologists, criminal psychologists and rehabilitation psychologists, among others. The earliest developments in the field of psychology were during the time of the early Greeks. In the 17th century, Rene Descartes, a French philosopher proclaimed that the mind and the body were separate entities. The concept of psychology has ancient roots and did not evolve into a full-fledged science, until the year 1879, when the first psychology lab was established. Here is a compilation of a list of famous psychologists. Explore and learn more interesting facts and details about them through their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

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 1 Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud
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Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: May 6, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian
Died: September 23, 1939

Regarded as the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud was a neurologist. Despite suffering criticism, psychoanalysis remains influential in the fields of psychology and psychiatry; such is the influence Freud has on humanities. Scholars believe that Freud is one of the most influential personalities of the 20th century and that his impact is comparable to that of Marxism and Darwinism.

 2 B. F. Skinner

B. F. Skinner
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Famous As: American psychologist
Birthdate: March 20, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: August 18, 1990

B. F. Skinner was an American behaviorist, psychologist, inventor, author, and social philosopher. Skinner, who taught psychology at Harvard University, is credited with founding a school of thought in psychology called the experimental analysis of behavior. Regarded as a pioneer of modern behaviorism, Skinner was named the 20th century's most influential psychologist, according to a survey conducted in June 2002. 

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 3 Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget
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Birthdate: August 9, 1896
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swiss
Died: September 16, 1980
Swiss psychologist and academic Jean Piaget is remembered for his work on child development and genetic epistemology, consisting of his theory of cognitive development. He also established the International Center for Genetic Epistemology and was the director of the International Bureau of Education. He was an honorary Harvard doctorate.

 4 Jordan Peterson

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Clinical Psychologist
Birthdate: June 12, 1962
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Canadian

Canadian clinical psychologist, Jordan Peterson, became internationally known in the 2010s for his views on cultural and political issues. He became active on YouTube in 2016 and shared many videos that have since received millions of views. He has faced criticism for his sexist and misogynistic views. Despite the controversies, he continues to be popular and is a bestselling author.

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 5 William James

William James
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Famous As: Philosopher, Psychologist
Birthdate: January 11, 1842
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: August 26, 1910

William James was an American psychologist and philosopher. Widely regarded as the father of American psychology and one of the most influential American philosophers, James was the first educator in the United States to offer a course in psychology. He is also credited with co-founding a psychological school of thought called functional psychology and establishing a philosophical school called pragmatism.

 6 Abraham Maslow

Abraham Maslow
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Birthdate: April 1, 1908
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: June 8, 1970

Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist best remembered for creating an idea in psychology called Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Maslow, who advocated self-actualization, is also credited with co-founding the school of transpersonal psychology. In 1967, he was adjudged Humanist of the Year by the popular non-profit organization, American Humanist Association.

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 7 Lev Vygotsky

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lev_Vygotsky.jpg
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: November 17, 1896
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian
Died: June 11, 1934

Lev Vygotsky was a Soviet psychologist best remembered for his groundbreaking work on developmental psychology in children. He is also remembered for his work on the relationship between thought and language, which remains influential to this day. A man with various interests, Vygotsky's work covered topics like the philosophy of science and the psychology of art.

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 8 Philip Zimbardo

Philip Zimbardo
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Famous As: Social psychologist, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Psychologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1933
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
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 9 Erik Erikson

Erik Erikson
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Famous As: American-German psychologist
Birthdate: June 15, 1902
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Canadian, German, American
Died: May 12, 1994

Erik Erikson was a German-American psychoanalyst and developmental psychologist best remembered for developing a theory on the psychological development of humans. He is credited with coining the term identity crisis, the failure to achieve ego identity. Also a prolific writer, Erikson won a US National Book Award and a Pulitzer Prize for his book Gandhi's Truth.

 10 Carl Rogers

Carl Rogers
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: January 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: February 4, 1987
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 11 John B. Watson

John B. Watson
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: January 9, 1878
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: September 25, 1958

 12 Alfred Adler

Alfred Adler
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Birthdate: February 7, 1870
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: May 28, 1937

Alfred Adler was an Austrian psychotherapist and medical doctor. He is credited with founding the school of individual psychology. He was also one of the founders of the psychoanalytic movement along with Sigmund Freud and Freud's colleagues. In 2002, a survey conducted by Review of General Psychology named Adler among the 20th century's most eminent psychologists.

 13 Theodor W. Adorno

Theodor W. Adorno
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: September 11, 1903
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: August 6, 1969

One of the most prominent intellectuals of the 20th century, Theodor Adorno was a pioneer of the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory and despised the culture industry. Born to a singer mother, the German sociologist grew up amid music and could even play Beethoven on the piano by 12.

 14 Erich Fromm

Erich Fromm
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1900
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: March 18, 1980

Erich Fromm was a German social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, and socialist. A German Jew, he fled the Nazi regime and settled in the United States. He was a co-founder of  The William Alanson White Institute and was associated with the Frankfurt School of critical theory. He is best remembered for authoring the book Escape from Freedom.

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 15 Harry Harlow

Harry Harlow
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: October 31, 1905
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: December 6, 1981

 16 Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
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Famous As: Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: September 29, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
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 17 Stanley Milgram

Stanley Milgram
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Famous As: Psychologist, University teacher, Sociologist
Birthdate: August 15, 1933
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: December 20, 1984

 18 Magnus Hirschfeld

Magnus Hirschfeld
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Famous As: Physician, Writer, Psychologist, Screenwriter, Sexologist
Birthdate: May 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: May 15, 1935

 19 George Herbert Mead

George Herbert Mead
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: February 27, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: April 26, 1931

 20 Eric Hoffer

Eric Hoffer
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Famous As: Writer, Philosopher, Psychologist
Birthdate: July 25, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: May 21, 1983

 21 Gustave Le Bon

Gustave Le Bon
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Famous As: Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Psychologist, Philosopher, Historian, Sociologist
Birthdate: May 7, 1841
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: December 13, 1931

 22 Robert Plutchik

Robert Plutchik
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Famous As: Psychologist, Emotion psychologist, University teacher
Birthdate: October 21, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: April 29, 2006

 23 Phil McGraw

Phil McGraw
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Famous As: College Student Personnel, Actor, Television presenter, Psychologist, Writer
Birthdate: September 1, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 24 Christine Blasey Ford

Christine Blasey Ford
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Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: November 28, 1966
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American

 25 Timothy Francis Leary

Timothy Francis Leary
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Famous As: American psychologist
Birthdate: October 22, 1920
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: May 31, 1996

Psychologist and former Harvard professor Timothy Leary was an advocate of psychedelic drugs. His research experiments included the controversial Concord Prison Experiment and Marsh Chapel Experiment. After being fired from Harvard for his actions, he continued promoting his theories through catchphrases such as “turn on, tune in, drop out.”

 26 John Dewey

John Dewey
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 20, 1859
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: June 1, 1952

A staunch advocate of progressive education and liberalism, the American philosopher and psychologist was the founder of the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools. John Dewey’s famous writings included The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology and Human Nature and Conduct. According to him, passion for knowledge and intellectual curiosity were central to a teacher. He called himself a democratic socialist.

 27 William Moulton Marston

William Moulton Marston
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: May 9, 1893
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: May 2, 1947
Psychologist William Moulton Marston, also known as “Charles Moulton,” is remembered for inventing a precursor of the lie detector, along with his wife, Elizabeth Holloway. He was also a comic book author, who created the superheroine Wonder Woman. He was in a polyamorous relationship with his wife and Olive Byrne.

 28 Steven Pinker

Steven Pinker
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Famous As: Psychologist, Linguists
Birthdate: September 18, 1954
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Canadian, American

Steven Pinker is a Canadian-American linguist, cognitive psychologist, and popular science author. He is also a supporter of the computational theory of mind and evolutionary psychology. His works have earned him awards from organizations like the National Academy of Sciences, the American Psychological Association, and the American Humanist Association. In 2013, he was named in Prospect magazine's World Thinkers list.

 29 Daniel Kahneman

David Kahneman
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Famous As: American-Israeli psychologist
Birthdate: March 5, 1934
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Israeli, American

Daniel Kahneman is an Israeli economist and psychologist. He was honored with the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work on behavioral economics. In 2011, Kahneman was named among the top global thinkers by Foreign Policy magazine. In 2015, Daniel Kahneman was ranked seventh in the most influential economist in the world list published by The Economist.

 30 Eugene Landy

Eugene Landy
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: November 26, 1934
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: March 22, 2006

 31 Jacques Lacan

Jacques Lacan
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Famous As: Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: April 13, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: September 9, 1981
French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist Jacques Lacan is remembered for his philosophical approach that explored Freudian concepts, to which he applied elements of structuralism and anthropology to create his own concepts. His controversial suggestions led to his expulsion from the International Psychoanalytic Association. One of his key concepts was “Return to Freud.”

 32 Pamela Stephenson

Pamela Stephenson
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Famous As: Psychologist, Psychotherapist, Author, Television presenter, Stage actor, Film actor
Birthdate: December 4, 1949
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: New Zealander

 33 N. K. Jemisin

N. K. Jemisin
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: September 19, 1972
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 34 Henry Murray

Henry Murray
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: May 13, 1893
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: June 23, 1988

 35 Simon Baron-Cohen

Simon Baron-Cohen
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Famous As: Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist, Researcher
Birthdate: August 15, 1958
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 36 John Money

John Money
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Famous As: Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Physician, University teacher
Birthdate: July 8, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: New Zealander, American
Died: July 7, 2006

 37 Laura Schlessinger

Laura Schlessinger
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Famous As: Radio personality, Writer, Social worker, Psychologist, Children's writer, Journalist
Birthdate: January 16, 1947
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

 38 Herbert Simon

Herbert Simon
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Famous As: Economist, Political scientist, sociologist, psychologist, and professor
Birthdate: June 15, 1916
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: February 9, 2001

 39 Jonathan Haidt

Jonathan Haidt
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1963
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 40 Dan Ariely

Dan Ariely
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: April 29, 1967
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Israeli, American

 41 France Nuyen

France Nuyen
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Famous As: Psychotherapist, Psychologist, Stage actor, Film actor
Birthdate: July 31, 1939
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French

 42 Carol S. Dweck

Carol S. Dweck
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Famous As: Physiologists
Birthdate: October 17, 1946
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 43 Ian Lithgow

Ian Lithgow
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Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: February 3, 1972
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 44 Howard Gardner

Howard Gardner
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Famous As: Teacher, Psychologist, University teacher, Neurologist
Birthdate: July 11, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

 45 Rupert Sheldrake

Rupert Sheldrake
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: June 28, 1942
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British

 46 Paul Ekman

Paul Ekman
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Famous As: Psychologist, Anthropologist, Sociologist, Non-fiction writer, University teacher
Birthdate: February 15, 1934
Sun Sign: Aquarius

 47 Olga Tokarczuk

Olga Tokarczuk
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Famous As: Novelist, Writer, Psychologist
Birthdate: January 29, 1962
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Polish

 48 Anna Freud

Anna Freud
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Famous As: Founder of psychoanalytic child psychology
Birthdate: December 3, 1895
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 9, 1982

Anna Freud was a British psychoanalyst. The daughter of Sigmund Freud, Anna followed in the footsteps of her father and made important contributions to the field of psychoanalysis. Alongside Melanie Klein and Hermine Hug-Hellmuth, Anna Freud is counted among the founders of psychoanalytic child psychology. Her work and contributions were featured in a documentary titled The Century of the Self.

 49 Edward Thorndike

Edward Thorndike
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: August 31, 1874
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: August 9, 1949

 50 Robert Anton Wilson

Robert Anton Wilson
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Famous As: Writer, Novelist, Philosopher, Essayist, Playwright, Psychologist, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: January 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: January 11, 2007
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