List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
Susie DentSusie Dent
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Max MüllerMax Müller
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt

Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
Amos OzAmos Oz
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Robert BlyRobert Bly

Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Anne CarsonAnne Carson

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer

Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko

Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
Dell HymesDell Hymes
Max BrodMax Brod

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane

Franz BoppFranz Bopp
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Jon EliaJon Elia

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
William JonesWilliam Jones

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić