List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
(British)
Susie DentSusie Dent
(British)
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
(Indian)

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian)
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
(Swiss)
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
(American)

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
(Tanzanian)
Max MüllerMax Müller
(German,British)
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
(Russian)

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(British)
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
(French)
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
(Czech)

Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
(Indian)
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
(Australian,British)
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani)

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
(Russian)
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
(German)
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
(British)

Edward SapirEdward Sapir
(Polish,American)
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
(Belgian,French)

Amos OzAmos Oz
(Israeli)
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
(Polish)
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
(Danish,American)

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
(Canadian)
Dell HymesDell Hymes
(American)
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
(German)

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
(Indian)
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
(American)
Robert BlyRobert Bly
(American)

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
(French)
Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
(French)
Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
(American)

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
(German)
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
(Filipino)
Max BrodMax Brod
(Czech,Israeli)

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
(Austrian)
Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann

Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
(German)
Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
(Argentinian)
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
(French)

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
(Danish)
Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
(American)
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
(Indian)

August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
(German)
André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
(German)

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
(Georgian,Dutch)
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
(Austrian)
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
(Brazilian)

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
(German)
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
(French,Romanian)

Franz BoppFranz Bopp
(German)
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
(Cuban,Spanish,British)
Jon EliaJon Elia
(Pakistani)

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
(British)
William JonesWilliam Jones
(British)
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian)

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
(Scottish)
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
(Danish)
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
(Russian,Russian)

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
(Swedish)
Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
(Armenian)
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Romanian)

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
(Romanian)
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
(Romanian)
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
(Romanian)

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
(Serbian)