List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
(British)
Susie DentSusie Dent
(British)
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
(American)

Amos OzAmos Oz
(Israeli)
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian)
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
(Swiss)

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
(Indian)
Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
(Tanzanian)
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
(Russian)

Max MüllerMax Müller
(German,British)
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
(French)
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani)

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
(Czech)
Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
(Russian)
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
(Australian,British)

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Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
(German)
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
(British)
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(British)
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
(Belgian,French)
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
(Polish,American)

L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
(Polish)
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
(Indian)
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
(American)

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
(Indian)
Anne CarsonAnne Carson
(Canadian)
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
(Danish,American)

Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
(American)
Robert BlyRobert Bly
(American)
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
(German)

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
(French)
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
(French)
Dell HymesDell Hymes
(American)

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
(German)
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
(Austrian)
Niki KarimiNiki Karimi

Max BrodMax Brod
(Czech,Israeli)
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)

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Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
(German)
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
(Filipino)

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
(Argentinian)
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
(German)
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
(Danish)
Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
(American)

André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
(French)
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
(German)

Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
(Indian)
Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
(Georgian,Dutch)
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
(Austrian)

August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
(German)
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
(French,Romanian)
Franz BoppFranz Bopp
(German)

Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
(Brazilian)
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
(Cuban,Spanish,British)
Jon EliaJon Elia
(Pakistani)

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
(British)
William JonesWilliam Jones
(British)
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian)

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
(Scottish)
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
(Danish)
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
(Russian,Russian)

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
(Swedish)
Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
(Armenian)
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Romanian)

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
(Romanian)
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
(Romanian)
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
(Romanian)

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
(Serbian)