List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.
Steven Pinker Steven Pinker
Canadian, American

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
Indian

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
British
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Italian
Susie DentSusie Dent
British

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
American
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
Swiss
Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Tanzanian
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
Russian

Max MüllerMax Müller
German, British
Amos OzAmos Oz
Israeli
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
French

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
German
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
Czech
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
Australian, British
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
British

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
Russian
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Polish
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
British
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Pakistani
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
Belgian, French
Anne CarsonAnne Carson
Canadian

Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Danish, American
Max BrodMax Brod
Czech, Israeli
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Polish, American

Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
Indian
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Indian
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
German
Robert BlyRobert Bly
American

Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
American
Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
French
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
German

Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
American
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
French
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Austrian
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss

Dell HymesDell Hymes
American
Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
-
Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Georgian, Dutch

Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
-
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
-
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
German
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British

Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
German
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
French
André BrinkAndré Brink
South African

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
Danish
Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
American
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
German
Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Argentinian

Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Filipino
Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
-
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
Brazilian

Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
Indian
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
Austrian
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
French, Romanian
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
German

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Cuban, Spanish, British
Franz BoppFranz Bopp
German
Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
British

Jon EliaJon Elia
Pakistani
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
Hungarian
William JonesWilliam Jones
British
Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
Scottish

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
Swedish
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
Danish
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
Russian, Russian

Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
Armenian
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
Romanian
Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
Romanian
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
Romanian

Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
Romanian
Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
Serbian