List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
(British)

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
(Indian)
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
(American)
Susie DentSusie Dent
(British)

Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
(American)
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian)
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
(Swiss)

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
(Tanzanian)
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani)
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(British)
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
(German)
Amos OzAmos Oz
(Israeli)

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
(Czech)
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
(Australian,British)
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
(Russian)
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
(British)

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
(Belgian,French)
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
(Danish,American)
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
(American)

Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
(Indian)
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
Robert BlyRobert Bly
(American)

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
(Georgian)
Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
(French)
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
(American)

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
(Canadian)
Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
(Indian)

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
(French)
Dell HymesDell Hymes
(American)
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
(Austrian)

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
(German)
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir

Max BrodMax Brod
(Czech,Israeli)
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
(French)
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
(German)

Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
(Indian)
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
(German)

Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
(German)
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
(Filipino)

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
(French,Romanian)
Jon EliaJon Elia
(Pakistani)

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
(Cuban,Spanish,British)
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
(Brazilian)
Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
(British)

Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian)
Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
(Scottish)
Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
(Swedish)

André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
(Argentine)
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
(French)

Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Romanian)
Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
(Romanian)
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
(Romanian)

Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
(Romanian)

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