List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
(British)
Susie DentSusie Dent
(British)
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian)

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
(American)
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
(Indian)
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
(Swiss)

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
(Tanzanian)
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
(Russian)
Amos OzAmos Oz
(Israeli)

Max MüllerMax Müller
(German,British)
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
(French)
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
(Czech)

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
(German)
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani)
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
(British)

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Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
(Russian)
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
(Australian,British)
Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(British)

L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
(Polish)
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
(Belgian,French)
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
(Danish,American)

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)
Anne CarsonAnne Carson
(Canadian)
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
(Polish,American)

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
(German)
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
(American)
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
(Indian)

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
(French)
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
(German)
Robert BlyRobert Bly
(American)

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
(Indian)
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
(French)
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
(Filipino)

Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
(American)
Max BrodMax Brod
(Czech,Israeli)
Niki KarimiNiki Karimi

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)
Dell HymesDell Hymes
(American)
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
(Austrian)

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Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
(German)
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
(French)
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
(German)
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
(Danish)
Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
(American)
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
(German)

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
(Argentinian)
André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
(Georgian,Dutch)
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
(Brazilian)
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
(Indian)

Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
(Austrian)
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
(French,Romanian)
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
(German)

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
(British)
Franz BoppFranz Bopp
(German)
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
(Cuban,Spanish,British)

Jon EliaJon Elia
(Pakistani)
Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
(Scottish)
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian)

William JonesWilliam Jones
(British)
Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
(Swedish)
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
(Russian,Russian)

Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
(Danish)
Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
(Armenian)
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Romanian)

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
(Romanian)
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
(Romanian)
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
(Romanian)

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
(Serbian)