List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
(British)
Amos OzAmos Oz
(Israeli)
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
(American)

Susie DentSusie Dent
(British)
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian)
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
(Indian)

Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
(Swiss)
Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
(Tanzanian)
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
(Russian)

Max MüllerMax Müller
(German,British)
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
(French)
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani)

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
(Czech)
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
(German)
Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(British)

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Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
(Russian)
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
(British)
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
(Australian,British)

L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
(Polish)
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
(Danish,American)

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
(Belgian,French)
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
(Indian)
Robert BlyRobert Bly
(American)

Edward SapirEdward Sapir
(Polish,American)
Anne CarsonAnne Carson
(Canadian)
Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
(French)

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
(German)
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
(German)
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
(American)

Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
(American)
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
(Indian)
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
(French)

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Max BrodMax Brod
(Czech,Israeli)
Dell HymesDell Hymes
(American)

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
(Austrian)
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
(Filipino)

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Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
(German)

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
(German)
Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
(Danish)

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
(American)
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
(German)
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
(French)

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
(Argentinian)
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
(Indian)
André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
(French,Romanian)
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
(Austrian)

August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
(German)
Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
(Georgian,Dutch)
Jon EliaJon Elia
(Pakistani)

Franz BoppFranz Bopp
(German)
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
(Brazilian)
Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
(British)

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
(Cuban,Spanish,British)
Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
(Scottish)
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian)

William JonesWilliam Jones
(British)
Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
(Swedish)
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
(Danish)

Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
(Russian,Russian)
Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
(Armenian)
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Romanian)

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
(Romanian)
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
(Romanian)
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
(Romanian)

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
(Serbian)