List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
Susie DentSusie Dent
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Max MüllerMax Müller
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius

Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin

Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray

Amos OzAmos Oz
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
Dell HymesDell Hymes
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
Robert BlyRobert Bly

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Max BrodMax Brod

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann

Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma

August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane

Franz BoppFranz Bopp
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Jon EliaJon Elia

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
William JonesWilliam Jones
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić