List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Steven Pinker Steven Pinker
Canadian, American

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
British

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
American

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
Indian
John McWhorterJohn McWhorter
American

Susie DentSusie Dent
British

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Italian

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Tanzanian
Shah Waliullah DehlawiShah Waliullah Dehlawi
Indian
Peter AbelardPeter Abelard
French

L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Polish

Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Pakistani

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
French
Anne CarsonAnne Carson
Canadian

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
German

Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Danish, American

Amos OzAmos Oz
Israeli
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
Belgian, French

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
Czech
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
German

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
British

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
British
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Indian
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Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
Russian
Samuel Ajayi CrowtherSamuel Ajayi Crowther
Nigerian

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
French

Robert BlyRobert Bly
American

Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Polish, American
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
Australian, British

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
German

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Austrian

William LabovWilliam Labov
American

Mesrop MashtotsMesrop Mashtots
Armenian
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
Indian

Max BrodMax Brod
Czech, Israeli
Saadia GaonSaadia Gaon
Iraqi

Michel ThomasMichel Thomas
Polish

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
French
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
American

Sol PlaatjeSol Plaatje
South African
Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
American

Friedrich SchlegelFriedrich Schlegel
German

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British

Zellig HarrisZellig Harris
American

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss
Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
-

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Romanian

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Argentinian

Arthur WaleyArthur Waley
British
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
German, Polish
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
German

Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
German

Kumārila BhaṭṭaKumārila Bhaṭṭa
Indian

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
French
Dell HymesDell Hymes
American

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
Danish
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Filipino

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
American

Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
Russian
Aelius DonatusAelius Donatus
Ancient Roman

Yuri KnorozovYuri Knorozov
Russian
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
Indian

Gerard of CremonaGerard of Cremona
Italian

Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
German
Harry JohnstonHarry Johnston
British

John FlorioJohn Florio
British
Gregory RabassaGregory Rabassa
American

James Burnett, Lord MonboddoJames Burnett, Lord Monboddo
Scottish

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Georgian, Dutch

Zhou YouguangZhou Youguang
Chinese
Ge HongGe Hong
Chinese

Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
French, Romanian

August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
German

Reynold A. NicholsonReynold A. Nicholson
British

John Rupert FirthJohn Rupert Firth
British
Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
-

Peter LadefogedPeter Ladefoged
British
Charles Kay OgdenCharles Kay Ogden
British

Karl Richard LepsiusKarl Richard Lepsius
German, Prussian

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Cuban, Spanish, British
Mario PeiMario Pei
Italian, American

Julius PokornyJulius Pokorny
Austrian
William StokoeWilliam Stokoe
American

Surendranath DasguptaSurendranath Dasgupta
Indian
Franz BoppFranz Bopp
German

Henrik WergelandHenrik Wergeland
Norwegian

Archibald SayceArchibald Sayce
British
Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
British

Luis MardenLuis Marden
American
Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
Serbian