List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
(British)

Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
(Canadian,American)
Susie DentSusie Dent
(British)
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
(Indian)

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian)
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
(American)
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
(Swiss)

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
(Tanzanian)
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
(Russian)
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
(Australian,British)

Max MüllerMax Müller
(German,British)
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
(French)
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
(German)
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani)
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
(Czech)

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
(Russian)
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
(Polish)
Amos OzAmos Oz
(Israeli)

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
(British)
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
(Belgian,French)
Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(British)

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
(Indian)
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
(German)
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
(Polish,American)

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
(French)
Robert BlyRobert Bly
(American)
Anne CarsonAnne Carson
(Canadian)

Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
(Danish,American)
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
(American)
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
(Indian)

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
(French)
Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
(American)

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
(German)
Dell HymesDell Hymes
(American)
Max BrodMax Brod
(Czech,Israeli)

Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
(Filipino)
Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
(Georgian)
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
(Austrian)
Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
(Danish)

Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
(German)

Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
(German)
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
(German)
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
(French)

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
(American)
Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
(Argentine)
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
(Indian)

André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
(Brazilian)
Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk

Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
(Austrian)
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
(Cuban,Spanish,British)
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
(German)

Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
(French,Romanian)
Franz BoppFranz Bopp
(German)
Jon EliaJon Elia
(Pakistani)

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
(British)
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian)
William JonesWilliam Jones
(British)

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
(Scottish)
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
(Danish)
Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
(Swedish)

Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
(Armenian)
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Romanian)
Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
(Romanian)

Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
(Romanian)
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
(Romanian)
Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
(Serbian)