List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
(British)

Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
(Canadian,American)
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
(American)
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian)

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
(Indian)
Susie DentSusie Dent
(British)
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
(Swiss)

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
(Tanzanian)
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
(Australian,British)
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
(Russian)

Max MüllerMax Müller
(German,British)
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
(French)
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
(Indian)

Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani)
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
(German)
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
(Polish)

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)
Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
(Russian)
Amos OzAmos Oz
(Israeli)

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
(Czech)
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
(British)
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
(Belgian,French)

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(British)
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
(Indian)
Robert BlyRobert Bly
(American)

Edward SapirEdward Sapir
(Polish,American)
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
(German)
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
(American)

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
(Canadian)
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
(Danish,American)
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
(German)

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
(French)
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
(French)
Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
(American)

Dell HymesDell Hymes
(American)
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)
Max BrodMax Brod
(Czech,Israeli)

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
(Austrian)
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
(Danish)

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
(Indian)
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
(American)
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
(German)
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
(German)

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
(Argentinian)
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
(German)
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
(French)
André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
(Brazilian)

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
(Filipino)
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
(Austrian)

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
(Georgian)
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
(German)
Franz BoppFranz Bopp
(German)

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
(Cuban,Spanish,British)
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
(French,Romanian)
Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
(British)

Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian)
Jon EliaJon Elia
(Pakistani)
William JonesWilliam Jones
(British)

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
(Scottish)
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
(Russian,Russian)
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
(Danish)

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
(Swedish)
Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
(Armenian)
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Romanian)

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
(Romanian)
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
(Romanian)
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
(Romanian)

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
(Serbian)