List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Steven Pinker Steven Pinker
Canadian, American

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
British

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
Indian
Susie DentSusie Dent
British

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Italian

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
American

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Tanzanian
Peter AbelardPeter Abelard
French
John McWhorterJohn McWhorter
American

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
German

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
French

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
British
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Polish

Amos OzAmos Oz
Israeli
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
British

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
German

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
Russian
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
Czech

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
Belgian, French
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Danish, American

Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Pakistani

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
Canadian
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
Indian
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Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
German
William LabovWilliam Labov
American

Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Polish, American

Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
Australian, British

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
French
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Indian

Robert BlyRobert Bly
American

Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
American

Mesrop MashtotsMesrop Mashtots
Armenian

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
French
Michel ThomasMichel Thomas
Polish

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss
Max BrodMax Brod
Czech, Israeli

Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
American

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Austrian
Sol PlaatjeSol Plaatje
South African

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
-
Dell HymesDell Hymes
American

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
French

Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
-

August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
German
Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
-

Arthur WaleyArthur Waley
British

Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
Indian

Zellig HarrisZellig Harris
American
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
German
André BrinkAndré Brink
South African

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
Danish

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
American

Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
German
Elizabeth CarterElizabeth Carter
British

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Argentinian
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Filipino

James Burnett, Lord MonboddoJames Burnett, Lord Monboddo
Scottish

William StokoeWilliam Stokoe
American
Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
-

Peter LadefogedPeter Ladefoged
British
John Rupert FirthJohn Rupert Firth
British

Yuri KnorozovYuri Knorozov
Russian

Karl Richard LepsiusKarl Richard Lepsius
German, Prussian
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
French, Romanian

John FlorioJohn Florio
British
Mario PeiMario Pei
Italian, American

Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
Austrian

Surendranath DasguptaSurendranath Dasgupta
Indian

Charles Kay OgdenCharles Kay Ogden
British
Gregory RabassaGregory Rabassa
American

Julius PokornyJulius Pokorny
Austrian

Henrik WergelandHenrik Wergeland
Norwegian

Gonçalves DiasGonçalves Dias
Brazilian

August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
German
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
Brazilian

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Cuban, Spanish, British
Harry JohnstonHarry Johnston
British

Mouloud MammeriMouloud Mammeri
Algerian

Franz BoppFranz Bopp
German
Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Georgian, Dutch

Reynold A. NicholsonReynold A. Nicholson
British
Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
British

Fleeming JenkinFleeming Jenkin
British
Karl BühlerKarl Bühler
German

Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
Hungarian

Kenneth Lee PikeKenneth Lee Pike
American
Alexis KagameAlexis Kagame
Rwandan

Sylvain LéviSylvain Lévi
French
Adam Kazimierz CzartoryskiAdam Kazimierz Czartoryski
Polish