List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
(British)

Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
(Brazilian)
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian)

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
(American)

Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
(American)

Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
(Swiss)
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
(Indian)

Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
(German)

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
(Tanzanian)

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
(Belgian,French)

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
(French)
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
(British)

Susie DentSusie Dent
(British)
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
(Czech)

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
(Russian)

Amos OzAmos Oz
(Israeli)

Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
(Australian,British)
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
(American)

Edward SapirEdward Sapir
(American)
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(British)

Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani)

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
(French)
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
(Indian)

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
(Canadian)
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)

Jon EliaJon Elia
(Pakistani)

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm

Dell HymesDell Hymes
(American)
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
(Danish,American)

Robert BlyRobert Bly
(American)
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
(French,Romanian)

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
(French)

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
(German)

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
(Swedish)
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
(Indian)

Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
(Indian)

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
(German)

August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
(German)
André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)

Max BrodMax Brod
(Czech,Israeli)

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
(Cuban,Spanish,British)

Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
(German)
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
(Austrian)
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
(French)

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
(Georgian)

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
(Argentine)
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
(Filipino)

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
(British)
Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
(Scottish)

Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian)

Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
(Romanian)

Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
(Romanian)
Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
(Romanian)

Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Romanian)

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