List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Steven Pinker Steven Pinker
Canadian, American

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
British

Susie DentSusie Dent
British

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
Indian
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
American

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Italian
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
Swiss

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Tanzanian

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish

Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
Russian

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
French
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
German

L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Polish

Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Danish, American

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
Canadian
Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
British

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
Czech
Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
Russian

Amos OzAmos Oz
Israeli

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
British
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
Australian, British

Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
Indian
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
Belgian, French

Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Pakistani

Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Polish, American
Max BrodMax Brod
Czech, Israeli

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
French
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
American

Robert BlyRobert Bly
American

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
German

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
German
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Indian
Dell HymesDell Hymes
American

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss

Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
American

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
French
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Austrian

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
-

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Georgian, Dutch

Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
-

Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
German
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British

Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
German
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
French

André BrinkAndré Brink
South African

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
-
Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
Danish

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
American
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
German

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Argentinian

Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
Indian

Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Filipino

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
-
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
Austrian

Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
French, Romanian

Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
Brazilian

August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
German
Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
British

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Cuban, Spanish, British
Franz BoppFranz Bopp
German

Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
Hungarian

Jon EliaJon Elia
Pakistani
Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
Scottish

William JonesWilliam Jones
British
Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
Romanian

Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
Romanian

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
Swedish
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
Romanian

Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
Danish
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
Russian, Russian

Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
Romanian

Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
Armenian

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
Serbian