List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley

Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
Susie DentSusie Dent
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin

Max MüllerMax Müller
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt

Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
Amos OzAmos Oz

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Robert BlyRobert Bly

Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield

Dell HymesDell Hymes
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Max BrodMax Brod

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
Franz BoppFranz Bopp

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis

Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
Jon EliaJon Elia
William JonesWilliam Jones

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić