List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Steven Pinker Steven Pinker
Canadian, American

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
British

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
Indian
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Italian

Susie DentSusie Dent
British
Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Tanzanian

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
American

Peter AbelardPeter Abelard
French

Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
Russian

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
German
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
French

John McWhorterJohn McWhorter
American

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
Canadian

L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Polish
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
British

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish
Amos OzAmos Oz
Israeli

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
Russian

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
British
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
Belgian, French

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
Czech
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Pakistani

Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Danish, American

Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
Australian, British
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Polish, American
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William LabovWilliam Labov
American
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
German

Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
Indian

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
French

Max BrodMax Brod
Czech, Israeli
Robert BlyRobert Bly
American
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Indian

Mesrop MashtotsMesrop Mashtots
Armenian

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
German

Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
American
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss

Dell HymesDell Hymes
American

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
French

Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
American

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
-
Michel ThomasMichel Thomas
Polish

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Austrian
Sol PlaatjeSol Plaatje
South African

Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
Indian

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
-
Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Georgian, Dutch

Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
-
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
German

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British

Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
German

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
French

André BrinkAndré Brink
South African
Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
Danish

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
American

August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
German

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Argentinian
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Filipino

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
-
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
French, Romanian

Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
Austrian

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
British
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
Brazilian

August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
German
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Cuban, Spanish, British

Franz BoppFranz Bopp
German

Jon EliaJon Elia
Pakistani
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
Hungarian

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
Scottish
William JonesWilliam Jones
British

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
Romanian

Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
Romanian

Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
Romanian
BhartrihariBhartrihari
Indian
S.I. HayakawaS.I. Hayakawa
Canadian, American

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
Swedish

Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
Danish

Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
Russian, Russian
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
Romanian

Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
Armenian

Hermann Günther GrassmannHermann Günther Grassmann
German, Polish

Sylvain LéviSylvain Lévi
French

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
Serbian