List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley

Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
Susie DentSusie Dent
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday

Max MüllerMax Müller
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Amos OzAmos Oz

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
Edward SapirEdward Sapir

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
Robert BlyRobert Bly
Anne CarsonAnne Carson

Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
Dell HymesDell Hymes
Max BrodMax Brod

Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen

Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel

Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma

André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk

Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher

Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
Franz BoppFranz Bopp
Jon EliaJon Elia

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
William JonesWilliam Jones

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing

Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu

Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić