List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Steven Pinker Steven Pinker
Canadian, American

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
British

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
Indian
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Italian

Susie DentSusie Dent
British

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
American

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Tanzanian
Peter AbelardPeter Abelard
French
John McWhorterJohn McWhorter
American

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
French

Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Pakistani

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
German
Amos OzAmos Oz
Israeli

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
British
Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
Russian

L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Polish

Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Danish, American
Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
Belgian, French

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
Czech
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
German

Anne CarsonAnne Carson
Canadian

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Indian
Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
British
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Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
French
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Polish, American

Friedrich SchlegelFriedrich Schlegel
German

Robert BlyRobert Bly
American

William LabovWilliam Labov
American
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
Australian, British

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
German

Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
Indian

Saadia GaonSaadia Gaon
Iraqi

Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
American
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Austrian

Mesrop MashtotsMesrop Mashtots
Armenian
Michel ThomasMichel Thomas
Polish

Max BrodMax Brod
Czech, Israeli

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
French
Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
American

Zellig HarrisZellig Harris
American
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss

Sol PlaatjeSol Plaatje
South African

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
Romanian

Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
German, Polish

August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
German
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
Indian

Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
German

Dell HymesDell Hymes
American

Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British
Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Argentinian
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Filipino

André BrinkAndré Brink
South African

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
French

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
Danish
Arthur WaleyArthur Waley
British

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
-
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
German

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
American

Aelius DonatusAelius Donatus
Ancient Roman
Gerard of CremonaGerard of Cremona
Italian

Yuri KnorozovYuri Knorozov
Russian
Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Georgian, Dutch

Henrik WergelandHenrik Wergeland
Norwegian

Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
Brazilian
Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
-

Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
Austrian
James Burnett, Lord MonboddoJames Burnett, Lord Monboddo
Scottish

Ge HongGe Hong
Chinese

William StokoeWilliam Stokoe
American

Gregory RabassaGregory Rabassa
American
John FlorioJohn Florio
British

Harry JohnstonHarry Johnston
British

Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
French, Romanian

John Rupert FirthJohn Rupert Firth
British

Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Cuban, Spanish, British
Karl Richard LepsiusKarl Richard Lepsius
German, Prussian

Julius PokornyJulius Pokorny
Austrian
Peter LadefogedPeter Ladefoged
British

August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
German

Franz BoppFranz Bopp
German
Gonçalves DiasGonçalves Dias
Brazilian

Charles Kay OgdenCharles Kay Ogden
British
Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
Serbian

Mario PeiMario Pei
Italian, American
Reynold A. NicholsonReynold A. Nicholson
British

Surendranath DasguptaSurendranath Dasgupta
Indian

Luis MardenLuis Marden
American
Karl BühlerKarl Bühler
German

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
British
Archibald SayceArchibald Sayce
British