Linguists

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

 1 Noam Chomsky

Noam Chomsky
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: December 7, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American

Regarded by many as the father of modern linguistics, Noam Chomsky has authored over 100 books on varied topics, such as politics, linguistics, and war. A multi-talented personality, Noam Chomsky is considered a popular figure in analytic philosophy. Apart from influencing a wide array of academic fields, he has also contributed to the development of cognitivism.

 2 Percy Bysshe Shelley

Percy Bysshe Shelley
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Famous As: Linguist, Poet, Translator, Writer, Playwright, Novelist, Author
Birthdate: August 4, 1792
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: July 8, 1822
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 3 Katharine Gun

Katharine Gun
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: 1974 AD
Nationality: British

 4 Enoch Powell

Enoch Powell
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Birthdate: June 16, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: February 8, 1998
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 5 Steven Pinker

Steven Pinker
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Famous As: Psychologist, Linguists
Birthdate: September 18, 1954
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Canadian, American

 6 Jamie Hyneman

Jamie Hyneman
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Famous As: Television presenter, Journalist, Linguist, Wrangler, Machinist
Birthdate: September 25, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
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 7 Roland Barthes

Roland Barthes
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Famous As: French Literary Theorist & Philosopher
Birthdate: November 12, 1915
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: March 25, 1980
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 8 John McWhorter

John McWhorter
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: October 6, 1965
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
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 9 Girish Karnad

Girish Karnad
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Famous As: Linguist, Author, Film director, Actor, Translator, Screenwriter
Birthdate: May 19, 1938
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Indian

 10 Ferdinand de Saussure

Ferdinand de Saussure
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: November 26, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Swiss
Died: February 22, 1913
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 11 Julius Nyerere

Julius Nyerere
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Famous As: Linguist, Politician, Translator
Birthdate: April 13, 1922
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Tanzanian
Died: October 14, 1999

 12 Jon Elia

Jon Elia
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Famous As: Linguist, Philosopher, Poet, Literary critic
Birthdate: December 14, 1931
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Pakistani
Died: November 8, 2002

 13 Shah Waliullah Dehlawi

Shah Waliullah Dehlawi
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Famous As: Muslim Scholar
Birthdate: February 21, 1703
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Indian
Died: August 20, 1762

 14 Peter Abelard

Peter Abelard
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1079 AD
Nationality: French
Died: April 21, 1142
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 15 Noah Webster

Noah Webster
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Famous As: Lexicographer
Birthdate: October 16, 1758
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: May 28, 1843

 16 Leon Battista Alberti

Leon Battista Alberti
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Famous As: Architect, Linguist
Birthdate: February 18, 1404
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Italian
Died: April 20, 1472
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 17 John Amos Comenius

John Amos Comenius
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Famous As: Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian, Educationist, Philosopher, Scientist
Birthdate: March 28, 1592
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Czech
Died: November 15, 1670

 18 Anne Carson

Anne Carson
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Famous As: Linguist, Poet, Translator, Writer, University teacher, Literary critic
Birthdate: June 21, 1950
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Canadian

 19 Jean-François Lyotard

Jean-François Lyotard
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Famous As: Philosopher, Philologist, Writer, Linguist, Epistemologist, Sociologist, Literary theorist, University teacher, Literary critic
Birthdate: August 10, 1924
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: April 21, 1998

 20 Mary Somerville

Mary Somerville
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Famous As: Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer, Scientist
Birthdate: December 26, 1780
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: November 28, 1872

 21 L. L. Zamenhof

L. L. Zamenhof
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Famous As: Linguist, Ophthalmologist, Inventor, Poet, Translator, Esperantist, Physician, Writer, Bible translator
Birthdate: December 15, 1859
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Polish
Died: April 14, 1917

 22 Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri

Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
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Famous As: Linguist, Politician, Translator, Writer
Birthdate: February 19, 1951
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Pakistani

 23 Roman Jakobson

Roman Jakobson
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: October 11, 1896
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian
Died: July 18, 1982

 24 Saint Mesrob

Saint Mesrob
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Famous As: Linguist,
Birthdate: 0362 AD
Nationality: Armenian
Died: February 17, 0440

 25 Mesrop Mashtots

Mesrop Mashtots
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: 0362 AD
Nationality: Armenian
Died: February 17, 0440

 26 J. L. Austin

J. L. Austin
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: March 26, 1911
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: February 8, 1960

 27 Wilhelm von Humboldt

Wilhelm von Humboldt
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Famous As: Linguist, Diplomat, Anthropologist, Teacher, Politician, Philosopher
Birthdate: June 22, 1767
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: April 8, 1835

 28 Jean Hersholt

Jean Hersholt
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Famous As: Film actor, Actor, Linguist, Writer, Translator
Birthdate: July 12, 1886
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Danish, American
Died: June 2, 1956

 29 Harriet Martineau

Harriet Martineau
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Famous As: Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian, Translator, Writer, Sociologist, Essayist, Feminist
Birthdate: June 12, 1802
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: June 27, 1876

 30 Amos Oz

Amos Oz
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Famous As: Writer, Linguist, Journalist, Novelist, Translator, Essayist, Educationist, University teacher, Children's writer
Birthdate: May 4, 1939
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Israeli

 31 Michael Halliday

Michael Halliday
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: April 13, 1925
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Australian, British
Died: April 15, 2018

 32 S.I. Hayakawa

S.I. Hayakawa
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 18, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Canadian, American
Died: February 27, 1992

 33 Samuel Ajayi Crowther

Samuel Ajayi Crowther
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: 1809 AD
Nationality: Nigerian
Died: December 31, 1891

 34 Luce Irigaray

Luce Irigaray
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Famous As: Philosopher, Linguist, University teacher, Psychologist, Feminist
Birthdate: May 3, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Belgian, French

 35 Maithili Sharan Gupt

Maithili Sharan Gupt
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Famous As: Linguist, Poet, Politician, Translator
Birthdate: August 3, 1886
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 12, 1964

 36 Victor Klemperer

Victor Klemperer
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Famous As: Linguist, Politician, Writer, Autobiographer, Diarist, University teacher, Journalist
Birthdate: October 9, 1881
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: February 11, 1960

 37 Valentin Inzko

Valentin Inzko
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Famous As: Linguist, Diplomat
Birthdate: May 22, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Austrian

 38 Rahul Sankrityayan

Rahul Sankrityayan
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Famous As: Linguist, Author, Autobiographer, Biographer
Birthdate: April 9, 1893
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 14, 1963

 39 Robert Bly

Robert Bly
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Famous As: Linguist, Poet, Translator, Writer
Birthdate: December 23, 1926
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

 40 Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Linguist, Sociolinguist, University teacher, Ethnologist
Birthdate: January 26, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Polish, American
Died: February 4, 1939

 41 Wilhelm Grimm

Wilhelm Grimm
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Famous As: Lexicographer, Anthropologist, Librarian, Writer, Law librarian, Children's writer, Educationist, Linguist, Specialist in literature, Germanist, Jurist, University teacher, Poet lawyer, Mythographer
Birthdate: February 24, 1786
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: December 16, 1859

 42 Isabelo de los Reyes

Isabelo de los Reyes
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Famous As: Linguist, Journalist, Trade unionist
Birthdate: July 7, 1864
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Filipino
Died: October 10, 1938

 43 William Labov

William Labov
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: December 4, 1927
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American

 44 Vuk Stefanović Karadžić

Vuk Stefanović Karadžić
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: November 6, 1787
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Serbian
Died: February 7, 1864

 45 Nirmal Verma

Nirmal Verma
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Famous As: Linguist, Translator, Writer, Literary critic
Birthdate: April 3, 1929
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Indian
Died: October 25, 2005

 46 Charles-Valentin Alkan

Charles-Valentin Alkan
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Famous As: Composer, Pianist, Linguist, Translator, Music educator, Bible translator, Musician
Birthdate: November 30, 1813
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: March 29, 1888

 47 Benjamin Lee Whorf

Benjamin Lee Whorf
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Linguist
Birthdate: April 24, 1897
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: July 26, 1941

 48 Dimitrie Cantemir

Dimitrie Cantemir
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Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: October 26, 1673
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Romanian
Died: September 1, 1723

 49 Yasmina Reza

Yasmina Reza
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Famous As: Actor, Linguist, Translator, Playwright, Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter
Birthdate: May 1, 1959
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French

 50 Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield
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Famous As: linguist
Birthdate: April 1, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: April 18, 1949
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