List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Steven Pinker Steven Pinker
Canadian, American

Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
Indian

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
British

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
American
Susie DentSusie Dent
British

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
Italian
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
Swiss

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
Tanzanian

Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
Russian

Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
French

Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
Australian, British
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
Polish

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
British

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
German

Amos OzAmos Oz
Israeli
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
Czech

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish
Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Pakistani

Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
Russian

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
British
Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
Danish, American

Max BrodMax Brod
Czech, Israeli
Anne CarsonAnne Carson
Canadian

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
Belgian, French

Robert BlyRobert Bly
American
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
Indian

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
Indian
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
Polish, American

Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
German

Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
American

Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
French
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
German
Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
American

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
French

Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
Austrian

Dell HymesDell Hymes
American
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
-

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
Georgian, Dutch

Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
-

Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
German
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
British

Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
German
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
French

André BrinkAndré Brink
South African

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
Danish
Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
American

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
-
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
German

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
Argentinian

Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
Filipino

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
-

Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
Indian
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
Austrian

Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
Brazilian

Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
French, Romanian

August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
German
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
Cuban, Spanish, British

Franz BoppFranz Bopp
German
Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
Scottish

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
British

Jon EliaJon Elia
Pakistani
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
Hungarian

William JonesWilliam Jones
British
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
Romanian

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
Swedish

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
Romanian
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
Danish

Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
Russian, Russian
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
Romanian

Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
Armenian

Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
Romanian

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
Serbian