List of famous linguists and their noteworthy contributions.

Linguists study, describe and explain the human faculty of language. Modern linguistics as a field began to develop in the 18th century. Swiss linguist and semiotician Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure who laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century is considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics. Czech literary, linguistic, and aesthetic theorist Jan Mukařovský and Russian–American linguist and literary theorist Roman Osipovich Jakobson are both considered pioneers of the structural analysis of language. The discipline of linguistics was further enriched in the late 20th century by the emergence of the likes of Noam Chomsky, William Labov, and Michael Halliday. While Chomsky made pivotal contributions to generative grammar, Halliday worked on systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics. Among the prominent ladies in the field, Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald is one who stands out owing to her specialization in Linguistic typology and the Arawak language family. Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is another woman linguist who had conducted extensive research on second-language temporality and tense-mood-aspect systems and interlanguage pragmatics. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous linguists.

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
(British)
Susie DentSusie Dent
(British)
Girish KarnadGirish Karnad
(Indian)

Jamie HynemanJamie Hyneman
(American)
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian)
Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
(Swiss)

Julius NyerereJulius Nyerere
(Tanzanian)
Max MüllerMax Müller
(German,British)
Maithili Sharan GuptMaithili Sharan Gupt
(Indian)

Muhammad Tahir-ul-QadriMuhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
(Pakistani)
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
(Russian)
Jean-François LyotardJean-François Lyotard
(French)

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(British)
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
(Australian,British)
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
(Czech)

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
(German)
L. L. ZamenhofL. L. Zamenhof
(Polish)
Roman JakobsonRoman Jakobson
(Russian)

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
(British)
Amos OzAmos Oz
(Israeli)
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)

Luce IrigarayLuce Irigaray
(Belgian,French)
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
(Indian)
Robert BlyRobert Bly
(American)

Jean HersholtJean Hersholt
(Danish,American)
Edward SapirEdward Sapir
(Polish,American)
Anne CarsonAnne Carson
(Canadian)

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
(German)
Charles-Valentin AlkanCharles-Valentin Alkan
(French)
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
(German)

Benjamin Lee WhorfBenjamin Lee Whorf
(American)
Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
(French)
Valentin InzkoValentin Inzko
(Austrian)

Leonard BloomfieldLeonard Bloomfield
(American)
Dell HymesDell Hymes
(American)
Max BrodMax Brod
(Czech,Israeli)

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)
Isabelo de los ReyesIsabelo de los Reyes
(Filipino)
Nirmal VermaNirmal Verma
(Indian)

Niki KarimiNiki Karimi
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
(Argentinian)
Michael VentrisMichael Ventris
(British)
August Wilhelm SchlegelAugust Wilhelm Schlegel
(German)

Otto JespersenOtto Jespersen
(Danish)
Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
(French)
Erich AuerbachErich Auerbach
(German)

Joseph GreenbergJoseph Greenberg
(American)
André BrinkAndré Brink
(South African)
Wolfgang IserWolfgang Iser
(German)

Sandra RoelofsSandra Roelofs
(Georgian,Dutch)
Monteiro LobatoMonteiro Lobato
(Brazilian)
Nikolai TrubetzkoyNikolai Trubetzkoy
(Austrian)

Teun A. van DijkTeun A. van Dijk
August SchleicherAugust Schleicher
(German)
Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
(French,Romanian)

Franz BoppFranz Bopp
(German)
Guillermo Cabrera InfanteGuillermo Cabrera Infante
(Cuban,Spanish,British)
Jon EliaJon Elia
(Pakistani)

Alexander John EllisAlexander John Ellis
(British)
Ferenc KazinczyFerenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian)
William JonesWilliam Jones
(British)

Andrew MelvilleAndrew Melville
(Scottish)
Gabdulkhay AkhatovGabdulkhay Akhatov
(Russian,Russian)
Rasmus Christian RaskRasmus Christian Rask
(Danish)

Lennart HellsingLennart Hellsing
(Swedish)
Saint MesrobSaint Mesrob
(Armenian)
Mărgărita Miller-VerghyMărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Romanian)

Păstorel TeodoreanuPăstorel Teodoreanu
(Romanian)
Ștefan BaciuȘtefan Baciu
(Romanian)
Ștefan Octavian IosifȘtefan Octavian Iosif
(Romanian)

Vuk Stefanović KaradžićVuk Stefanović Karadžić
(Serbian)