Naturalists

Naturalists are the individuals who are expert in natural history. They are primarily zoologists or botanists who help the people in gaining an appreciation for the natural world. They act as the link between environment and the uninformed public whom they educate about the natural world and its processes. Naturalists teach the people how human activity affects the environment, natural resources and the living beings that inhabit the earth, and also demonstrate how interested parties can protect the environment. Charles Darwin the 19th century naturalist made significant contributions to the evolutionary theory. The famous painter John James Audubon was also a naturalist who published the ‘Birds of America’. American ornithologist Florence Merriam was a pioneer in her field who campaigned against the mistreatment and unnecessary killing of birds. The prolific writer Rachel Carson was one of the first people who made people understand the evils of pollution and played a key role in the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency in the U.S. One very famous naturalist of our time is Jane Goodall who is not just the world's foremost expert on chimpanzees but also the UN Messenger of Peace. This section provides you information about the life and works of various famous naturalists from all over the world.

 1 Steve Backshall

Steve Backshall
2
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: April 21, 1973
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British

 2 Gerald Durrell

Gerald Durrell
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Famous As: Naturalist, Conservationist
Birthdate: January 7, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: January 30, 1995

 3 Richard Proenneke

Richard Proenneke
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: May 4, 1916
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: April 20, 2003

 4 Alexander von Humboldt

Alexander von Humboldt
1
Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: September 14, 1769
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: May 6, 1859
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 5 Bob Irwin

Bob Irwin
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: June 8, 1939
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Australian

 6 Georges Cuvier

Georges Cuvier
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: August 23, 1769
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: May 13, 1832
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 7 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 11, 1752
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: January 22, 1840
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 8 Joy Adamson

Joy Adamson
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: January 20, 1910
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Austrian, Czech, British
Died: January 3, 1980
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 9 Francesco Redi

Francesco Redi
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Famous As: Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter, Entomologist, Parasitologist
Birthdate: February 18, 1626
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Italian
Died: April 22, 1698

 10 Lazzaro Spallanzani

Lazzaro Spallanzani
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Famous As: Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist, University teacher, Entomologist
Birthdate: January 10, 1729
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Italian
Died: February 12, 1799
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 11 John Burroughs

John Burroughs
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: April 3, 1837
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: March 29, 1921

 12 Gavin Maxwell

Gavin Maxwell
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Famous As: Naturalist, Writer
Birthdate: July 15, 1914
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: September 7, 1969

 13 Takashi Amano

Takashi Amano
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Famous As: Photographer, Naturalist, Keirin cyclist
Birthdate: July 18, 1954
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Japanese
Died: August 4, 2015

 14 Gilbert White

Gilbert White
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: July 18, 1720
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: June 26, 1793
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 15 Roy Chapman Andrews

Roy Chapman Andrews
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Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: January 26, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: March 11, 1960

 16 Conrad Gessner

Conrad Gessner
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 26, 1516
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Swiss
Died: December 13, 1565
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 17 John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Politician, Archaeologist, Prehistorian, Banker, Statistician, Naturalist, Zoologist, Entomologist
Birthdate: April 30, 1834
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: May 28, 1913

 18 Emin Pasha

Emin Pasha
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 28, 1840
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: October 23, 1892
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 19 Gene Stratton-Porter

Gene Stratton-Porter
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: August 17, 1863
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: December 6, 1924

 20 Thornton W. Burgess

Thornton W. Burgess
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Famous As: American children’s author and naturalist
Birthdate: January 14, 1874
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: June 5, 1965

 21 William Henry Hudson

William Henry Hudson
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: August 4, 1841
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Argentinian, British
Died: August 18, 1922

 22 Sir Samuel White Baker

Sir Samuel White Baker
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Famous As: English Explorer
Birthdate: July 8, 1821
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: December 30, 1893

 23 William Beebe

William Beebe
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Famous As: Ornithologist
Birthdate: July 29, 1877
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: June 4, 1962

 24 Li Shizhen

Li Shizhen
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Famous As: Chinese scholar
Birthdate: July 3, 1518
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Chinese
Died: 1593 AD

 25 Bernard Germain de Lacépède

Bernard Germain de Lacépède
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: December 26, 1756
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: October 6, 1825

 26 Samuel Hearne

Samuel Hearne
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Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: January 31, 1745
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: October 31, 1792

 27 Lewis Thomas

Lewis Thomas
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Famous As: Physician, Writer, Naturalist, Poet
Birthdate: November 25, 1913
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: December 3, 1993

 28 Felix Adler

Felix Adler
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Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: August 13, 1851
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: April 24, 1933

 29 Lorenz Oken

Lorenz Oken
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: August 1, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: August 11, 1851

 30 John Tradescant the Elder

John Tradescant the Elder
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: 1570 AD
Nationality: British
Died: April 15, 1638

 31 Engelbert Kaempfer

Engelbert Kaempfer
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: September 16, 1651
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: November 2, 1716

 32 George Crabbe

George Crabbe
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 24, 1754
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: February 3, 1834

 33 Jónas Hallgrímsson

Jónas Hallgrímsson
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 16, 1807
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Icelander
Died: May 26, 1845

 34 John Bachman

John Bachman
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: February 4, 1790
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 24, 1874

 35 Jan Swammerdam

Jan Swammerdam
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: February 12, 1637
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German, Dutch
Died: February 17, 1680

 36 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg

Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: April 19, 1795
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: June 27, 1876

 37 Ulisse Aldrovandi

Ulisse Aldrovandi
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: September 11, 1522
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Italian
Died: May 4, 1605

 38 Henry Walter Bates

Henry Walter Bates
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: February 8, 1825
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: February 16, 1892

 39 Philip Henry Gosse

Philip Henry Gosse
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: April 6, 1810
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: August 23, 1888

 40 Geoffrey Grigson

Geoffrey Grigson
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 2, 1905
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: November 25, 1985

 41 José de Acosta

José de Acosta
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Famous As: Missionary
Birthdate: September 30, 1540
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Spanish
Died: February 15, 1600

 42 Henri Mouhot

Henri Mouhot
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: May 15, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: November 10, 1861

 43 Spencer Fullerton Baird

Spencer Fullerton Baird
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Famous As: Ornithologist
Birthdate: February 3, 1823
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: August 19, 1887

 44 Clinton Hart Merriam

Clinton Hart Merriam
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Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: December 5, 1855
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: March 19, 1942

 45 Thomas Nuttall

Thomas Nuttall
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: January 5, 1786
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: September 10, 1859

 46 José Bonifácio de Andrada

José Bonifácio de Andrada
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: June 13, 1763
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Brazilian
Died: April 6, 1838

 47 Sir George Back

Sir George Back
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: November 6, 1796
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: June 23, 1878

 48 Horace Bénédict de Saussure

Horace Bénédict de Saussure
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Famous As: Geologist
Birthdate: February 17, 1740
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swiss
Died: January 22, 1799

 49 Thomas Pennant

Thomas Pennant
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: June 14, 1726
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Welsh
Died: December 16, 1798

 50 Catharine Parr Traill

Catharine Parr Traill
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: January 9, 1802
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Canadian, British
Died: August 29, 1899
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