Jean-Martin Charcot Biography
Birthday: November 29, 1825 (Sagittarius)
Born In: Paris
Jean-Martin Charcot was a French neurologist and professor, who is considered the founder of modern neurology for his pathbreaking research on hysteria. While studying at the ‘University of Paris Medical School’, he did his internship at the ‘Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital’, which served as a dumping ground for female lunatics, beggars and prostitutes at that time. After receiving his training from the revered neurologist Duchenne de Boulogne, he began his career at the medical school as the Chef de Clinique. At the age of 37, he returned to the ‘Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital’ as a senior physician. During his stint there, he focused on improving facilities, which began with the establishment of a pathological laboratory at the hospital. After examining each patient separately, he correlated the clinical findings with their pathological reports and classified the patients based on their specific neurological disorder. Later, he also introduced photography, ophthalmoscopy and microscopy at the hospital. By the 1870s, he began to be considered as the country’s best-known physician. In his later career, he concentrated on hysteria and used hypnosis as one of his investigating tools. Concurrently, he excelled in his academic career and became a professor of pathology at the age of 47. A decade later, he became the chairman of the neurology department. Charcot was also a prolific writer, who penned many ground-breaking articles, which elevated medical sciences to a higher level.