Carl Jung Biography

Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist famous for founding the school of analytical psychology. This biography of Carl Jung provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Quick Facts

Birthday: July 26, 1875

Nationality: Swiss

Famous: Philosophers Psychiatrists

Sun Sign: Leo

Died At Age: 85

Also Known As: Carl Gustav Jung

Born in: Kesswil, Thurgau, Switzerland

Famous as: Psychiatrist

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Emma Rauschenbach

father: Paul Achilles Jung

mother: Emilie Preiswerk

siblings: Basel

children: Agathe Niehus, Franz Jung-Merker, Gret Baumann, Helene Hoerni, Marianne Niehus

Died on: June 6, 1961

place of death: Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Personality: INTP, INFJ

epitaphs: Vocatus atque non vocatus_x000D_, Deus aderit

More Facts

education: University of Zurich, University of Basel

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Carl Gustav Jung was a famous psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded the school of analytical psychology. He was a multifaceted personality with interests in fields as diverse as medicine, religion, literature, philosophy, archeology and occult. He had a difficult childhood as his mother suffered from depression and was extremely moody. He was an introverted child and suffered from multiple personality disorder—this incident had a profound influence on his future career as a psychiatrist. Another childhood incident which shaped his career was when he was pushed to the ground by a classmate which led to his having fainting spells throughout his childhood. His simultaneous interests in the field of medicine and spiritual phenomena led him to choose psychiatry which he considered a combination of both these fields. He made immense contributions to his chosen field and gave the world some of the best known psychological concepts like analytical psychology, personality profiling, collective unconscious, the complex, etc. He was once a close associate of Sigmund Freud and both the men influenced each other intellectually and attended several conferences together. Jung’s important theories include the concept of introversion and extraversion, the archetypes and synchronicity. He was a prolific writer who published his work in 19 volumes and continued writing till the end of his life.

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Carl Jung
Childhood & Early Life
  • He was born as the son of Paul Achilles Jung and Emilie Preiswerk. He was their fourth but the only surviving child. His father was a rural pastor.
  • His mother was eccentric and suffered from depression. She was a strange and mysterious woman who claimed to be visited by spirits at night. He had a strained relationship with her because of her mental problems.
  • His strained relationship with his often absent, moody and depressed mother shaped his attitude towards women in general.
  • As a child he suffered from multiple personality disorder and was convinced that had two personalities—a modern Swiss citizen and the other more in tune with eighteenth century.
  • A classmate pushed him hard to the ground when he was 12 years old. This resulted in his having fainting spells whenever he tried to go to school. As a result he stayed home for several months before rejoining school.
  • He enrolled at the University of Basel in 1895 to study medicine and graduated in 1900.
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Career
  • He was appointed an assistant at the the Burgholzli Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, under Professor Eugen Bleuler upon his graduation in 1900.
  • In 1903 he received his Ph.D. from the University of Zurich. His doctoral dissertation was titled ‘On the Psychology and Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomena’.
  • Starting from 1905, he began lecturing on psychiatry at the University of Zurich. This continued up to 1913.
  • He published ‘Studies in Word Association’ in 1906 and sent a copy to the renowned psychologist Sigmund Freud. This marked the beginning of a friendship that would last six years.
  • Jung and Freud met for the first time in 1907—Freud was like a father figure to the much younger Jung and would greatly influence his formative years. Jung wrote ‘The Psychology of Dementia Praecox’ the same year.
  • He was made the editor of the newly founded ‘Yearbook for Psychoanalytical and Psychopathological Research’ in 1908.
  • He resigned from his post at Burgholzli in 1909 and traveled with Freud and Sandor Ferenczi to the United States to lecture on psychoanalysis. He also opened his own private practice of psychoanalysis in Kuessnacht.
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  • Jung was made the Chairman for Life of the International Psychoanalytical Association in 1910. He eventually resigned from this position following his fallout with Freud later on.
  • Tensions started brewing up between Freud and Jung when the later began his work on ‘Psychology of the Unconscious’, primarily due to their opposing views on libido and religion. Their relationship grew increasingly strained and was over by 1912.
  • He went to London where he spoke at meetings of the Psycho-Medical Society in 1913 and 1914.
  • The World War I interrupted his work and he experienced considerable isolation in his professional life though he continued writing. He also experienced visions, hallucinations and psychological problems during the World War years.
  • He spent the decades of 1920s and 30s traveling all over the world and delivering lectures. He visited London, U.S., East Africa and India during his travels.
  • In 1932, he became a professor of psychology at the Federal Polytechnical University in Zurich. He held this position till 1940.
  • From 1934 till 1939 he served as the President of International Society for Medical Psychotherapy.
  • A prolific writer, he continued writing throughout his later years. Many of his works were translated into English after his death and published in a collection of 19 volumes.
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Major Works
  • He founded the school of analytical psychology or Jungian psychology which aims to analyze human psychology in its wholeness through the integration of unconscious forces and motivations present in the human subconscious.
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Personal Life & Legacy
  • He married Emma Rauschenbach in 1903. They had five children. Even though he remained married to Emma till her death, he had several affairs with other women, the most notable of whom were Sabina Spielrein and Toni Wolff.
  • He died in 1961 after a brief illness.
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Trivia
  • The 2011 film ‘A Dangerous Method’ portrays a fictional dramatization of the life of this famous psychoanalyst.
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See the events in life of Carl Jung in Chronological Order

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Article Title
- Carl Jung Biography
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- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
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- TheFamousPeople.com
URL
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/carl-gustav-jung-959.php
Last Updated
- July 30, 2017
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