List of famous explorers with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Explorers
Throughout the history of mankind, there have been several adventurous souls who set out to explore the unknown. Spirited and courageous, they risked their lives on their expeditions to seek out lands hitherto unknown to the civilized world. When we talk of explorers, Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama, would undoubtedly be one of the first names that come to our mind— after all as one of the pioneers of the ‘Age of Exploration’, he was the commander of one of the sailing ships that ventured into India from Europe. Venice native Marco Polo was another legendary explorer who set out to explore Asia and became the first European to meet the Mogul emperor Kublai Khan. While Christopher Columbus was the one to discover America by sailing through the Atlantic Ocean, it was Jacques Cartier, one of the earliest French explorers, who explored the region of Northern America to discover what is now Canada, and claimed the area for France. When US Army volunteers Second Lieutenant William Clark and Captain Meriwether Lewis led the Corps of Discovery Expedition in 1804, it was a woman explorer, Native American Sacagawea, who guided them on this expedition. Scroll down to discover many interesting facts about the famous explorers from all over the world.

Continue Reading Below

Continue Reading Below

Ranulph FiennesRanulph Fiennes
(British)

Ben FogleBen Fogle
(British)
Zheng HeZheng He
(Chinese)
Josh GatesJosh Gates
(American)

Jon KrakauerJon Krakauer
(American)
Conrad AnkerConrad Anker
(American)
Scott FischerScott Fischer
(American)

Reinhold MessnerReinhold Messner
(Italian)
Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
(French)
John RolfeJohn Rolfe

XuanzangXuanzang
(Chinese)
Richard E. ByrdRichard E. Byrd
(American)
Carl Gustaf Emil MannerheimCarl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
(Finnish,Polish)

Colin BakerColin Baker
(British)
Floyd CollinsFloyd Collins
(American)
Lawrence OatesLawrence Oates
(British)

Fridtjof NansenFridtjof Nansen
(Norwegian)
René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La SalleRené-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
(French)
Ellen MacArthurEllen MacArthur
(British)

Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado
Philippe CousteauPhilippe Cousteau
(French)
George VancouverGeorge Vancouver
(British)

Zebulon PikeZebulon Pike
(American)
Robyn DavidsonRobyn Davidson
(Australian)
Juan Sebastián ElcanoJuan Sebastián Elcano
(Spanish)

Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
(Italian)
Juan Rodríguez CabrilloJuan Rodríguez Cabrillo
(Portuguese)
Jordan RomeroJordan Romero
(American)

Junko TabeiJunko Tabei
(Japanese)
Antonio PigafettaAntonio Pigafetta
(Italian)
Lady Mary Wortley MontaguLady Mary Wortley Montagu

Auguste PiccardAuguste Piccard
(Swiss)
Jessica WatsonJessica Watson
(Australian,New Zealander)
William DampierWilliam Dampier
(British)

Laura DekkerLaura Dekker
(German,New Zealander)
Francisco de OrellanaFrancisco de Orellana
(Brazilian)
James Clark RossJames Clark Ross
(British)