List of famous explorers with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

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Throughout the history of mankind, there have been several adventurous souls who set out to explore the unknown. Spirited and courageous, they risked their lives on their expeditions to seek out lands hitherto unknown to the civilized world. When we talk of explorers, Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama, would undoubtedly be one of the first names that come to our mind— after all as one of the pioneers of the ‘Age of Exploration’, he was the commander of one of the sailing ships that ventured into India from Europe. Venice native Marco Polo was another legendary explorer who set out to explore Asia and became the first European to meet the Mogul emperor Kublai Khan. While Christopher Columbus was the one to discover America by sailing through the Atlantic Ocean, it was Jacques Cartier, one of the earliest French explorers, who explored the region of Northern America to discover what is now Canada, and claimed the area for France. When US Army volunteers Second Lieutenant William Clark and Captain Meriwether Lewis led the Corps of Discovery Expedition in 1804, it was a woman explorer, Native American Sacagawea, who guided them on this expedition. Scroll down to discover many interesting facts about the famous explorers from all over the world.

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George MalloryGeorge Mallory
(British)

Zheng HeZheng He
(Chinese)
Ben FogleBen Fogle
(British)
Josh GatesJosh Gates
(American)

Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
(French)
Jon KrakauerJon Krakauer
(American)
Ranulph FiennesRanulph Fiennes
(British)

John RolfeJohn Rolfe
Scott FischerScott Fischer
(American)
XuanzangXuanzang
(Chinese)

Richard E. ByrdRichard E. Byrd
(American)
Reinhold MessnerReinhold Messner
(Italian)
Conrad AnkerConrad Anker
(American)

Colin BakerColin Baker
(British)
Carl Gustaf Emil MannerheimCarl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
(Finnish,Polish)
Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado

René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La SalleRené-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
(French)
Fridtjof NansenFridtjof Nansen
(Norwegian)
Floyd CollinsFloyd Collins
(American)

Robyn DavidsonRobyn Davidson
(Australian)
Lawrence OatesLawrence Oates
(British)
Ellen MacArthurEllen MacArthur
(British)

Philippe CousteauPhilippe Cousteau
(French)
George VancouverGeorge Vancouver
(British)
Juan de OñateJuan de Oñate

Zebulon PikeZebulon Pike
(American)
Juan Rodríguez CabrilloJuan Rodríguez Cabrillo
(Portuguese)
Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
(Italian)

Jordan RomeroJordan Romero
(American)
Jean-Michel CousteauJean-Michel Cousteau
(French)
Antonio PigafettaAntonio Pigafetta
(Italian)

Auguste PiccardAuguste Piccard
(Swiss)
Junko TabeiJunko Tabei
(Japanese)
Juan Sebastián ElcanoJuan Sebastián Elcano
(Spanish)

Lady Mary Wortley MontaguLady Mary Wortley Montagu
William DampierWilliam Dampier
(British)
Frederick Russell BurnhamFrederick Russell Burnham
(American)