List of famous explorers with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Throughout the history of mankind, there have been several adventurous souls who set out to explore the unknown. Spirited and courageous, they risked their lives on their expeditions to seek out lands hitherto unknown to the civilized world. When we talk of explorers, Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama, would undoubtedly be one of the first names that come to our mind— after all as one of the pioneers of the ‘Age of Exploration’, he was the commander of one of the sailing ships that ventured into India from Europe. Venice native Marco Polo was another legendary explorer who set out to explore Asia and became the first European to meet the Mogul emperor Kublai Khan. While Christopher Columbus was the one to discover America by sailing through the Atlantic Ocean, it was Jacques Cartier, one of the earliest French explorers, who explored the region of Northern America to discover what is now Canada, and claimed the area for France. When US Army volunteers Second Lieutenant William Clark and Captain Meriwether Lewis led the Corps of Discovery Expedition in 1804, it was a woman explorer, Native American Sacagawea, who guided them on this expedition. Scroll down to discover many interesting facts about the famous explorers from all over the world.

John FranklinJohn Franklin
(British)
George MalloryGeorge Mallory
(British)
Zheng HeZheng He
(Chinese)

Jon KrakauerJon Krakauer
(American)
Josh GatesJosh Gates
(American)
Scott FischerScott Fischer
(American)

John RolfeJohn Rolfe
Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
(French)
XuanzangXuanzang
(Chinese)

Ben FogleBen Fogle
(British)
Richard E. ByrdRichard E. Byrd
(American)
Reinhold MessnerReinhold Messner
(Italian)

Ranulph FiennesRanulph Fiennes
(British)
Philippe CousteauPhilippe Cousteau
(French)
Fridtjof NansenFridtjof Nansen
(Norwegian)

Carl Gustaf Emil MannerheimCarl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
(Finnish,Polish)
James Clark RossJames Clark Ross
(British)
Conrad AnkerConrad Anker
(American)

George VancouverGeorge Vancouver
(British)
Jordan RomeroJordan Romero
(American)
Colin BakerColin Baker
(British)

Robyn DavidsonRobyn Davidson
(Australian)
Robin Knox-JohnstonRobin Knox-Johnston
(British)
Zebulon PikeZebulon Pike
(American)

Ellen MacArthurEllen MacArthur
(British)
Lawrence OatesLawrence Oates
(British)
René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La SalleRené-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
(French)

Junko TabeiJunko Tabei
(Japanese)
Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado
William DampierWilliam Dampier
(British)

Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
(Italian)
John BatmanJohn Batman
(Australian)
Jessica WatsonJessica Watson
(Australian,New Zealander)

Laura DekkerLaura Dekker
(German,New Zealander)
Peter FreuchenPeter Freuchen
(Danish)
Jean-Michel CousteauJean-Michel Cousteau
(French)

Juan Sebastián ElcanoJuan Sebastián Elcano
(Spanish)
Auguste PiccardAuguste Piccard
(Swiss)
George EverestGeorge Everest
(British)