List of famous explorers with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Throughout the history of mankind, there have been several adventurous souls who set out to explore the unknown. Spirited and courageous, they risked their lives on their expeditions to seek out lands hitherto unknown to the civilized world. When we talk of explorers, Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama, would undoubtedly be one of the first names that come to our mind— after all as one of the pioneers of the ‘Age of Exploration’, he was the commander of one of the sailing ships that ventured into India from Europe. Venice native Marco Polo was another legendary explorer who set out to explore Asia and became the first European to meet the Mogul emperor Kublai Khan. While Christopher Columbus was the one to discover America by sailing through the Atlantic Ocean, it was Jacques Cartier, one of the earliest French explorers, who explored the region of Northern America to discover what is now Canada, and claimed the area for France. When US Army volunteers Second Lieutenant William Clark and Captain Meriwether Lewis led the Corps of Discovery Expedition in 1804, it was a woman explorer, Native American Sacagawea, who guided them on this expedition. Scroll down to discover many interesting facts about the famous explorers from all over the world.

John FranklinJohn Franklin
(British)
George MalloryGeorge Mallory
(British)
Zheng HeZheng He
(Chinese)

Jon KrakauerJon Krakauer
(American)
Josh GatesJosh Gates
(American)
Scott FischerScott Fischer
(American)

Isabelle EberhardtIsabelle Eberhardt
(Swiss)
Conrad AnkerConrad Anker
(American)
Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
(French)

John RolfeJohn Rolfe
XuanzangXuanzang
(Chinese)
Reinhold MessnerReinhold Messner
(Italian)

Richard E. ByrdRichard E. Byrd
(American)
Ranulph FiennesRanulph Fiennes
(British)
Ben FogleBen Fogle
(British)

Carl Gustaf Emil MannerheimCarl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
(Finnish,Polish)
Fridtjof NansenFridtjof Nansen
(Norwegian)
Philippe CousteauPhilippe Cousteau
(French)

Lawrence OatesLawrence Oates
(British)
Peter FreuchenPeter Freuchen
(Danish)
James Clark RossJames Clark Ross
(British)

Robyn DavidsonRobyn Davidson
(Australian)
René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La SalleRené-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
(French)
Colin BakerColin Baker
(British)

Jordan RomeroJordan Romero
(American)
Zebulon PikeZebulon Pike
(American)
Ellen MacArthurEllen MacArthur
(British)

George VancouverGeorge Vancouver
(British)
Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado
Auguste PiccardAuguste Piccard
(Swiss)

Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
(Italian)
Juan Rodríguez CabrilloJuan Rodríguez Cabrillo
(Portuguese)
Junko TabeiJunko Tabei
(Japanese)

Jessica WatsonJessica Watson
(Australian,New Zealander)
William DampierWilliam Dampier
(British)
Juan Sebastián ElcanoJuan Sebastián Elcano
(Spanish)

George EverestGeorge Everest
(British)
Laura DekkerLaura Dekker
(German,New Zealander)
Robin Knox-JohnstonRobin Knox-Johnston
(British)