A pediatrician is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of infants and children. Pediatricians deal a child’s problem which makes it one of the most medically-challenging and delicate professions in the world. Pediatricians understand that their medical attention and care has to be extremely different than the ones offered to adults. Until the late 20th century, many serious ailments caused infant mortality and some pediatricians became experts in diseases which other doctors could almost never identify. With advanced medical treatment options, pediatricians have a wide knowledge regarding the various illnesses in children ranging from hemophilia to cancers and respiratory problems to a common fever. Pediatricians, being some of the most highly-demanded doctors around the world, work in close quarters with doctors and medical experts from other departments such as rheumatology, diabetology, surgery, gynecology, psychology, neurology, cardiology and many more! Although many would love to believe that a pediatrician’s job is extremely rewarding, it is extremely challenging as well, as the job of handling the lives of children, could be extremely worrisome. Here is a collection of some of the most famous pediatricians. To learn more fascinating facts and details about them, read their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.
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This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Stella Immanuel

Stella Immanuel.
Famous As: Physician, writer
Birthdate: 1965 AD
Birthplace: Cameroon

 2 Robert Leckie

Robert Leckie.
Famous As: journalist, historian, writer
Birthdate: December 18, 1920
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia
Died: December 24, 2001
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 3 Joycelyn Elders

Joycelyn Elders.
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: August 13, 1933
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schaal, Arkansas, United States

The second female U.S. surgeon general, Joycelyn Elders is a renowned pediatrician and one of the first Black women to reach the pinnacle of the medical field in the U.S. She has been dragged into multiple controversies, one of them being a result of her support for sex education and masturbation.

 4 Benjamin Spock

Benjamin Spock.
Famous As: Pediatrician and Political Activist
Birthdate: May 2, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
Died: March 15, 1998

American paediatrician Benjamin Spock was the first paediatrician who studied psychoanalysis to comprehend needs of children and family dynamics. He penned Baby and Child Care, a best-seller book of the twentieth-century. His concepts of child-rearing influenced generations of parents. Spock was also an Olympic gold-medallist in rowing and ran during the 1972 United States presidential election as People's Party nominee.

 5 Janusz Korczak

Janusz Korczak.
Famous As: Educationist, Pediatrician, Children's writer
Birthdate: July 22, 1878
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Warsaw
Died: August 5, 1942

 6 Hans Asperger

Hans Asperger.
Famous As: Paediatrician
Birthdate: February 18, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: October 21, 1980
Hans Asperger, who lent his name to Asperger’s syndrome, is remembered as a pioneer in autism research and was earlier believed to have saved children with disabilities from being killed by the Nazis. However, later evidence suggested he had sent two mentally disabled children for experiments under the Third Reich.
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 7 Fe del Mundo

Fe del Mundo.
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: November 27, 1911
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Intramuros
Died: August 6, 2011

Fe del Mundo was a Filipina paediatrician who achieved international recognition in 1977 when she was honored with the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service. In 1980, she was named National Scientist of the Philippines, becoming the first woman to be named so. Del Mundo is credited with founding Philippines' first pediatric hospital.

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 8 C. Everett Koop

C. Everett Koop
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: October 14, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: February 25, 2013

C. Everett Koop was a pediatric surgeon and public health administrator who served as the 13th Surgeon General of the United States under President Ronald Reagan. Previously, he had been a vice admiral in the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps. He was well-known for his support of the rights of children with disabilities and his work with AIDS patients. 

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 9 Gianna Beretta Molla

Gianna Beretta Molla
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: October 4, 1922
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Magenta, Italy
Died: April 28, 1962

Gianna Beretta Molla was a Roman Catholic pediatrician, canonized as a saint for saving her unborn child’s life at the expense of her own. Although she knew that the removal of only the fibroma would endanger her life, she refused have an abortion, thus upholding the Roman Catholic doctrine that even an unborn child has a fundamental right to life.

 10 Paul M. Fleiss

Paul M. Fleiss
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: September 8, 1933
Sun Sign: Virgo
Died: July 19, 2014

 11 T. Berry Brazelton

T. Berry Brazelton
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: May 10, 1918
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Waco, Texas
Died: March 13, 2018

American pediatrician T. Berry Brazelton conducted ground-breaking studies on newborn behavioral research. He is also remembered for his Emmy-winning show What Every Baby Knows and for his books such as Toddlers and Parents. He had advocated for parental and medical leaves and been part of the National Commission on Children.

 12 Leila Denmark

Leila Denmark
Famous As: Pediatrician, Author
Birthdate: February 1, 1898
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Portal
Died: April 1, 2012

Pediatrician Leila Denmark made headlines when she retired at age 103, after a career spanning over seven decades. She was the oldest practicing pediatrician in the world and the first woman pediatrician from Georgia. She was also the third-oldest living person in the U.S. when she died.

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 13 Margaret Ogola

Margaret Ogola
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: June 12, 1958
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Asembo, Kenya
Died: September 21, 2011

 14 Jérôme Lejeune

Jérôme Lejeune
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: June 13, 1926
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Montrouge, France
Died: April 3, 1994

 15 Kathleen Lynn

Kathleen Lynn
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 28, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Killala, Ireland
Died: September 14, 1955

 16 Francoise Dolto

Francoise Dolto
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: November 6, 1908
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: August 25, 1988

 17 Saul Krugman

Saul Krugman
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: April 7, 1911
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: October 26, 1995

 18 Clemens von Pirquet

Clemens von Pirquet
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: May 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 28, 1929

 19 Abraham Jacobi

Abraham Jacobi
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 6, 1830
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Westphalia, Germany
Died: July 10, 1919

Considered the Father of American pediatrics, Abraham Jacobi was a German born American physician, who began his career in USA as a practicing doctor. Later, he took up teaching assignments at various universities, eventually establishing the first Department of Pediatrics at Mount Sinai Hospital.  Also an advocate of birth control, he occupied a key position in the child healthcare movement.

 20 Liri Berisha

Liri Berisha
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: July 5, 1948
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tirana, Albania

 21 Frederick Chapman Robbins

Frederick Chapman Robbins.
Famous As: Virologist and Paediatrician
Birthdate: August 25, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Auburn, Alabama, United States
Died: August 4, 2003

 22 Zilda Arns

Zilda Arns
Famous As: Brazilian pediatrician
Birthdate: August 25, 1934
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Forquilhinha, Santa Catarina
Died: January 12, 2010

 23 Lungile Pepeta

Lungile Pepeta
Famous As: Cardiologist, Academic
Birthdate: 1974 AD
Birthplace: South African
Died: August 7, 2020

South African pediatric cardiologist and professor Lungile Pepeta is remembered for his life-long struggle to improve his country’s medical facilities and to create a medical school for doctors from rural areas. Part of the advisory committee of the government’s COVID-19 taskforce, he himself died of the virus later.

 24 Flora Brovina

Flora Brovina
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 30, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Skenderaj, Kosovo

 25 Fatima Abdel Mahmoud

Fatima Abdel Mahmoud
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 27, 1944
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Omdurman, Sudan
Died: July 22, 2018

 26 Iqbal Mahmoud Al Assad

Iqbal Mahmoud Al Assad
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 2, 1993
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Palestine

 27 Hattie Alexander

Hattie Alexander
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: April 5, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: June 24, 1968

 28 Nahid Toubia

Nahid Toubia
Famous As: Plastic surgeon
Birthdate: 1951 AD
Birthplace: Khartoum, Sudan

 29 Thomas C. Peebles

Thomas C. Peebles
Famous As: Physician and virologist
Birthdate: June 5, 1921
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Newton, Massachusetts
Died: July 8, 2010

 30 Khalida Zahir

Khalida Zahir
Famous As: Physician, Women's rights activist
Birthdate: 1927 AD
Birthplace: Omdurman, Sudan
Died: 2015 AD

 31 Bronson Crothers

Bronson Crothers
Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: July 10, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Elmira, New York, United States
Died: July 17, 1959

 32 Marie-Therese Abena Ondoa

Marie-Therese Abena Ondoa
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 10, 1942
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Douala (Cameroon)

 33 Barton Childs

Barton Childs
Famous As: Pediatric
Birthdate: February 29, 1916
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hinsdale, Illinois, United States
Died: February 18, 2010

Johns Hopkins pediatrician and geneticist Barton Childs had also served the army during World War II. Apart from being the first director of genetics at Johns Hopkins, he conducted pioneering studies on the genetics of adrenal hyperplasia and Addison’s disease, and penned books such as Genetic Medicine: A Logic of Disease.

 34 Martha Wollstein

Martha Wollstein
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 21, 1868
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: September 30, 1939

 35 Harry Martin Meyer, Jr.

Harry Martin Meyer, Jr.
Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: November 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Texas, United States
Died: August 19, 2001
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