A pediatrician is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of infants and children. Pediatricians deal a child’s problem which makes it one of the most medically-challenging and delicate professions in the world. Pediatricians understand that their medical attention and care has to be extremely different than the ones offered to adults. Until the late 20th century, many serious ailments caused infant mortality and some pediatricians became experts in diseases which other doctors could almost never identify. With advanced medical treatment options, pediatricians have a wide knowledge regarding the various illnesses in children ranging from hemophilia to cancers and respiratory problems to a common fever. Pediatricians, being some of the most highly-demanded doctors around the world, work in close quarters with doctors and medical experts from other departments such as rheumatology, diabetology, surgery, gynecology, psychology, neurology, cardiology and many more! Although many would love to believe that a pediatrician’s job is extremely rewarding, it is extremely challenging as well, as the job of handling the lives of children, could be extremely worrisome. Here is a collection of some of the most famous pediatricians. To learn more fascinating facts and details about them, read their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.