Ophthalmologists

Commonly known as eye doctors, ophthalmologists are medical professionals dealing with problems related exclusively to the visual impairments focusing not only the eyes but also parts of brain and areas around the eyes. They usually inspect the disease of the eye, identify the problems and prescribe treatment. Sometimes they can even perform surgery to treat the eye. They can also identify brain tumors or diabetes which is not directly related to vision, but still affect the eye. Ophthalmologists pursue a medical degree after which they specialize in ophthalmology and take several exams for certification. Historically, ophthalmology can be dated back to Rufus of Epheus who recognized the shape of the eye and thus paved the way for the development of this distinct science in Persia. Finally, with the development of microscope, Georg Joseph Beer performed surgery of the eye, giving a new dimension to the science. Since then, ophthalmologists have come a long way in treating eye diseases and coming up with new techniques to make eye treatment easier by the day. Explore this space for the list of famous Ophthalmologists with their biographies that include trivia and interesting facts about them and also trace their timeline and life history.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Jose Rizal

Jose Rizal
8
Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Calamba, Laguna
Died: December 30, 1896

Jose Rizal was a Filipino polymath and nationalist. An ophthalmologist by profession, Rizal turned towards writing and inspired the Philippine Revolution through his writings. The revolution eventually led to Philippine independence and Rizal became a national hero. His life has inspired several biographical films and TV series.

 2 Li Wenliang

Li Wenliang
6
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: October 12, 1986
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Beizhen, Jinzhou, China
Died: February 17, 2020

 3 Mehriban Aliyeva

Mehriban Aliyeva
5
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 26, 1964
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan
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 4 Renée Richards

Renée Richards
5
Famous As: Tennis player
Birthdate: August 19, 1934
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States

Born Richard Raskind, a boy, Renée Richards became an LGBT icon after winning a landmark case against the US Tennis Association and acquiring the right to compete in women’s tennis events in spite of her sex-change operation. She is also a qualified ophthalmologist and has trained the likes of Martina Navratilova.

 5 L. L. Zamenhof

L. L. Zamenhof
5
Famous As: Linguist, Ophthalmologist, Inventor, Poet, Translator, Esperantist, Physician, Writer, Bible translator
Birthdate: December 15, 1859
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Białystok
Died: April 14, 1917

L. L. Zamenhof was an ophthalmologist best remembered for creating the most widely spoken international auxiliary language, Esperanto. He came up with the constructed language after being consumed by the idea of a warless world. L. L. Zamenhof received several honors for creating Esperanto, including the Légion d'honneur. He also received 12 nominations for the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize.

 6 Abdullah Abdullah

Abdullah Abdullah
5
Famous As: Politician, Ophthalmologist, Diplomat
Birthdate: September 5, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kabul
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 7 Patricia Bath

Patricia Bath
5
Famous As: Former Inventor known for Invention of Laserphaco Probe
Birthdate: November 4, 1942
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: April 30, 2019

Ophthalmologist Patricia Bath is remembered for her pathbreaking invention of the Laserphaco Probe, which made laser cataract surgery possible. The first Black female surgeon at the UCLA Medical Center and the first female faculty staff of the UCLA Jules Stein Eye Institute, she dedicated her life to curing blindness.

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 8 Fred Hollows

Fred Hollows
5
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: April 9, 1929
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dunedin, New Zealand
Died: February 10, 1993

Fred Hollows became a renowned name in the field of ophthalmology after helping thousands of people see by restoring their sight. Born in New Zealand, Hollows later became an Australian citizen. He had initially aspired to join the clergy but had decided against it after visiting a mental institution.

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 9 Sushruta

Sushruta
5
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: 0800 AD
Birthplace: India

Sixth century BC Indian surgeon Sushruta, known as the Father of Plastic Surgery, is best remembered for his treatise Sushruta Samhita, which is one of the fundamental texts on Ayurveda and medicine. Some of his surgical procedures included the surgery of the nose and the surgical removal of a dead fetus.

 10 Charles Horace Mayo

Charles Horace Mayo
4
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: July 19, 1865
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rochester
Died: May 26, 1939

Part of the Mayo medical family of the U.S., Charles Horace Mayo had established the Mayo Clinic with his brother William James Mayo and others. He specialized in varied medical fields, mastering neurosurgery, goitre surgery, cataract operations, and other procedures. He later served the U.S. Army surgical team.

 11 Dave Sime

Dave Sime
3
Famous As: Former Sprinter Multi-Sport Athlete, and a Pioneering Ophthalmologist.
Birthdate: July 25, 1936
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paterson, New Jersey, United States
Died: January 12, 2016

 12 Govindappa Venkataswamy

Govindappa Venkataswamy
4
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: October 1, 1918
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vilathikulam, Tamilnadu
Died: July 7, 2006

Govindappa Venkataswamy was an Indian ophthalmologist best remembered for his work which aimed at eliminating needless blindness. The founder of Aravind Eye Hospitals, Venkataswamy developed a high volume, high quality, and low-cost service delivery model that effectively restored sight to many people. Govindappa Venkataswamy was honored with the Padma Shri Award in 1973. 

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 13 Herophilos

Herophilos
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Famous As: Alexandrian physician
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Birthplace: Chalcedon, Bithynia
Died: 0280 AD

 14 Zarifa Aliyeva

Zarifa Aliyeva
4
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: April 28, 1923
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Shakhtahkty village, Sharur, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
Died: April 15, 1985

 15 Cecile Kyenge

Cecile Kyenge
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 28, 1964
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kambove, DR Congo

 16 Jonathan Hutchinson

Jonathan Hutchinson
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: July 23, 1828
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Selby, Yorkshire, England
Died: June 13, 1913

 17 Svyatoslav Fyodorov

Svyatoslav Fyodorov
4
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: August 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
Died: June 2, 2000

Svyatoslav Fyodorov not just made a name for himself as an ophthalmologist but had also stepped into Russian politics, contesting as a presidential candidate. One of the pioneers of refractive surgery, he developed radial keratotomy, the first surgical cure of myopia, or nearsightedness, and a surgical treatment for glaucoma, too.

 18 Harold Ridley

Harold Ridley
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Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: July 10, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kibworth Harcourt, England
Died: May 25, 2001

 19 Allvar Gullstrand

Allvar Gullstrand
3
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: June 5, 1862
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Landskrona, Sweden
Died: July 28, 1930

 20 Rebecka Belldegrun

Rebecka Belldegrun
0
Famous As: President and CEO of Bellco Capital
Birthdate: 1950 AD
Birthplace: Helsinki, Finland

Finnish-born Rebecka Belldegrun is not only an ophthalmic surgeon but also a billionaire businesswoman. While she initially launched a real-estate company, she later served as the CEO of the investment firm BellCo Capital LLC. She has also previously invested in the biotech and hotel industries and heads several corporate boards.

 21 Charles Kelman

Charles Kelman
1
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: May 23, 1930
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: June 1, 2004

American ophthalmologist, inventor, surgeon, entertainer, jazz-musician, and Broadway producer Charles Kelman, called the father of phacoemulsification, is best-known for inventing phacoemulsification and several other surgical techniques and instruments used in cataract surgery. He received the National Medal of Technology from the then US President George H. W. Bush, the Lasker Award and was inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame.

 22 Frans Cornelis Donders

Frans Cornelis Donders
3
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: May 27, 1818
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tilburg, Netherlands
Died: March 24, 1889

Frans Cornelis Donders was a Dutch ophthalmologist who also served as a professor of physiology at Utrecht University. A respected and internationally acclaimed ophthalmologist, Donders directed the Netherlands Hospital for Eye Patients for many years. Frans Cornelis Donders was also one of the three main founders of scientific ophthalmology along with Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz and Graefe.

 23 Karl Koller

Karl Koller
3
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: December 3, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bohemia, Czech Republic
Died: March 21, 1944

 24 Albrecht von Gräfe

Albrecht von Gräfe
1
Famous As: Eye surgeon
Birthdate: May 22, 1828
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 20, 1870

Regarded as the pioneer of modern ophthalmology, Albrecht von Gräfe was born to German surgeon Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, known for his pathbreaking research on plastic surgery. He explained Gräfe’s sign, made the first legitimate use of the ophthalmoscope, and also launched an eye clinic deemed one of Europe’s best.

 25 Danièle Aron-Rosa

Danièle Aron-Rosa
1
Famous As: Painter, Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: October 15, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tunis, Tunisia

 26 Arnall Patz

Arnall Patz
1
Famous As: Medical Doctor
Birthdate: June 14, 1920
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Elberton, Georgia, United States
Died: March 11, 2010

Ophthalmologist and Johns Hopkins University professor Arnall Patz was the first to find out the link between the oxygen used in incubators and blindness in infants. The Lasker Award-winning doctor also worked on laser treatment of retinal ailments, thus developing one of the world’s first argon lasers.

 27 J. Donald M. Gass

J. Donald M. Gass
0
Famous As: American ophthalmologist
Birthdate: August 2, 1928
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Prince Edward Island, Canada
Died: February 26, 2005

 28 Lucie Milebou Aubusson

Lucie Milebou Aubusson
0
Famous As: Politician, Physician
Birthdate: February 25, 1957
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gabon

 29 Fatima Hamroush

Fatima Hamroush
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 14, 1959
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Benghazi, Libya