Commonly known as eye doctors, ophthalmologists are medical professionals dealing with problems related exclusively to the visual impairments focusing not only the eyes but also parts of brain and areas around the eyes. They usually inspect the disease of the eye, identify the problems and prescribe treatment. Sometimes they can even perform surgery to treat the eye. They can also identify brain tumors or diabetes which is not directly related to vision, but still affect the eye. Ophthalmologists pursue a medical degree after which they specialize in ophthalmology and take several exams for certification. Historically, ophthalmology can be dated back to Rufus of Epheus who recognized the shape of the eye and thus paved the way for the development of this distinct science in Persia. Finally, with the development of microscope, Georg Joseph Beer performed surgery of the eye, giving a new dimension to the science. Since then, ophthalmologists have come a long way in treating eye diseases and coming up with new techniques to make eye treatment easier by the day. Explore this space for the list of famous Ophthalmologists with their biographies that include trivia and interesting facts about them and also trace their timeline and life history.