Commonly known as eye doctors, ophthalmologists are medical professionals dealing with problems related exclusively to the visual impairments focusing not only the eyes but also parts of brain and areas around the eyes. They usually inspect the disease of the eye, identify the problems and prescribe treatment. Sometimes they can even perform surgery to treat the eye. They can also identify brain tumors or diabetes which is not directly related to vision, but still affect the eye. Ophthalmologists pursue a medical degree after which they specialize in ophthalmology and take several exams for certification. Historically, ophthalmology can be dated back to Rufus of Epheus who recognized the shape of the eye and thus paved the way for the development of this distinct science in Persia. Finally, with the development of microscope, Georg Joseph Beer performed surgery of the eye, giving a new dimension to the science. Since then, ophthalmologists have come a long way in treating eye diseases and coming up with new techniques to make eye treatment easier by the day. Explore this space for the list of famous Ophthalmologists with their biographies that include trivia and interesting facts about them and also trace their timeline and life history.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Jose Rizal

Jose Rizal.
Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Calamba, Laguna
Died: December 30, 1896

Jose Rizal was a Filipino polymath and nationalist. An ophthalmologist by profession, Rizal turned towards writing and inspired the Philippine Revolution through his writings. The revolution eventually led to Philippine independence and Rizal became a national hero. His life has inspired several biographical films and TV series.

 2 Li Wenliang

Li Wenliang.
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: October 12, 1986
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Beizhen, Jinzhou, China
Died: February 17, 2020
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 3 Alfred Adler

Alfred Adler.
Birthdate: February 7, 1870
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus
Died: May 28, 1937

Alfred Adler was an Austrian psychotherapist and medical doctor. He is credited with founding the school of individual psychology. He was also one of the founders of the psychoanalytic movement along with Sigmund Freud and Freud's colleagues. In 2002, a survey conducted by Review of General Psychology named Adler among the 20th century's most eminent psychologists.

 4 Abdullah Abdullah

Abdullah Abdullah.
Famous As: Politician, Ophthalmologist, Diplomat
Birthdate: September 5, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kabul

 5 Renée Richards

Renée Richards.
Famous As: Tennis player
Birthdate: August 19, 1934
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States

Born Richard Raskind, a boy, Renée Richards became an LGBT icon after winning a landmark case against the US Tennis Association and acquiring the right to compete in women’s tennis events in spite of her sex-change operation. She is also a qualified ophthalmologist and has trained the likes of Martina Navratilova.

 6 Mehriban Aliyeva

Mehriban Aliyeva
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 26, 1964
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan
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 7 L. L. Zamenhof

L. L. Zamenhof
Famous As: Linguist, Ophthalmologist, Inventor, Poet, Translator, Esperantist, Physician, Writer, Bible translator
Birthdate: December 15, 1859
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Białystok
Died: April 14, 1917
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 8 Sushruta

Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: 0800 AD
Birthplace: India
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 9 Fred Hollows

Fred Hollows.
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: April 9, 1929
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dunedin, New Zealand
Died: February 10, 1993

Fred Hollows became a renowned name in the field of ophthalmology after helping thousands of people see by restoring their sight. Born in New Zealand, Hollows later became an Australian citizen. He had initially aspired to join the clergy but had decided against it after visiting a mental institution.

 10 Govindappa Venkataswamy

Govindappa Venkataswamy
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: October 1, 1918
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vilathikulam, Tamilnadu
Died: July 7, 2006

 11 Patricia Bath

Patricia Bath
Famous As: Ophthalmologist, Physician
Birthdate: November 4, 1942
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Harlem

Ophthalmologist Patricia Bath is remembered for her pathbreaking invention of the Laserphaco Probe, which made laser cataract surgery possible. The first Black female surgeon at the UCLA Medical Center and the first female faculty staff of the UCLA Jules Stein Eye Institute, she dedicated her life to curing blindness.

 12 Charles Horace Mayo

Charles Horace Mayo.
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: July 19, 1865
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rochester
Died: May 26, 1939

Part of the Mayo medical family of the U.S., Charles Horace Mayo had established the Mayo Clinic with his brother William James Mayo and others. He specialized in varied medical fields, mastering neurosurgery, goitre surgery, cataract operations, and other procedures. He later served the U.S. Army surgical team.

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 13 Herophilos

Famous As: Alexandrian physician
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Birthplace: Chalcedon, Bithynia
Died: 0280 AD

 14 Zarifa Aliyeva

Zarifa Aliyeva
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: April 28, 1923
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Shakhtahkty village, Sharur, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
Died: April 15, 1985

 15 Cecile Kyenge

Cecile Kyenge
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 28, 1964
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kambove, DR Congo

 16 Jonathan Hutchinson

Jonathan Hutchinson
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: July 23, 1828
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Selby, Yorkshire, England
Died: June 13, 1913

 17 Svyatoslav Fyodorov

Svyatoslav Fyodorov
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: August 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
Died: June 2, 2000

 18 Harold Ridley

Harold Ridley
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: July 10, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kibworth Harcourt, England
Died: May 25, 2001

 19 Allvar Gullstrand

Allvar Gullstrand.
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: June 5, 1862
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Landskrona, Sweden
Died: July 28, 1930

 20 Frans Cornelis Donders

Frans Cornelis Donders
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: May 27, 1818
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tilburg, Netherlands
Died: March 24, 1889

 21 Karl Koller

Karl Koller
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: December 3, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bohemia, Czech Republic
Died: March 21, 1944

 22 Charles Kelman

Charles Kelman
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: May 23, 1930
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: June 1, 2004

American ophthalmologist, inventor, surgeon, entertainer, jazz-musician, and Broadway producer Charles Kelman, called the father of phacoemulsification, is best-known for inventing phacoemulsification and several other surgical techniques and instruments used in cataract surgery. He received the National Medal of Technology from the then US President George H. W. Bush, the Lasker Award and was inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame.

 23 Albrecht von Gräfe

Albrecht von Gräfe
Famous As: Eye surgeon
Birthdate: May 22, 1828
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 20, 1870

Regarded as the pioneer of modern ophthalmology, Albrecht von Gräfe was born to German surgeon Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, known for his pathbreaking research on plastic surgery. He explained Gräfe’s sign, made the first legitimate use of the ophthalmoscope, and also launched an eye clinic deemed one of Europe’s best.

 24 Danièle Aron-Rosa

Danièle Aron-Rosa
Famous As: Painter, Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: October 15, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tunis, Tunisia

 25 Arnall Patz

Arnall Patz
Famous As: Medical Doctor
Birthdate: June 14, 1920
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Elberton, Georgia, United States
Died: March 11, 2010

Ophthalmologist and Johns Hopkins University professor Arnall Patz was the first to find out the link between the oxygen used in incubators and blindness in infants. The Lasker Award-winning doctor also worked on laser treatment of retinal ailments, thus developing one of the world’s first argon lasers.

 26 J. Donald M. Gass

J. Donald M. Gass
Famous As: American ophthalmologist
Birthdate: August 2, 1928
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Prince Edward Island, Canada
Died: February 26, 2005

 27 Fatima Hamroush

Fatima Hamroush
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 14, 1959
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Benghazi, Libya

 28 Lucie Milebou Aubusson

Lucie Milebou Aubusson
Famous As: Politician, Physician
Birthdate: February 25, 1957
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gabon
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