Psychiatrists

A psychiatrist may refer to a physician who is specialized and trained in the diagnoses, prevention and treatment of mental disorders and emotional disorders. Psychiatrists prescribe medication for a range of psychological disorders and examine, assess and conduct diagnostic test on patients. The different kinds of psychiatrists include, child and adolescent psychiatrists, addiction psychiatrists, geriatric and pediatric psychiatrists and forensic psychiatrists among many others. The term, psychiatry came into existence in 1808, when a German physician named Johann Christian Reil came out with the term. A psychiatrist may be involved in psychopharmacology, treatment of post-traumatic stress disorders, psychotherapy, psychiatric genetics, sexual disorders and problems, mood disorders, anxiety and stress related disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. Many psychiatrists may with work with a specified age group, like child and adolescent psychiatrist for example. On the other hand, psychiatrists who work with older or aged patients are referred to as geriatric psychiatrists or geropsychiatrists. Psychiatrists, who deal with work related issued in business organizations or offices are referred to as organizational or occupational psychiatrists. A forensic psychologist deals with criminal cases and may also have to interact with accused or convicted criminals. Here is a list of famous psychiatrist doctors. Learn about their life and details with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.
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This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Carl Jung

Carl Jung.
4
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: July 26, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kesswil, Thurgau, Switzerland
Died: June 6, 1961

Widely regarded as the father of analytical psychology, Carl Jung is one of the most important contributors to symbolization and dream analysis. The concepts of socionics and a popular psychometric instrument called Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) were developed from Jung's theory. Apart from working as a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Carl Jung was also an artist, craftsman, builder, and prolific writer.

 2 Viktor Frankl

Viktor Frankl.
8
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: March 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 2, 1997

Austrian psychiatrist Viktor Frankl founded logotherapy. He also authored several books, most notably his bestselling autobiographical depiction of his ordeal at various Nazi concentration camps, Man's Search for Meaning. He had lost his parents, brother, and wife in the Holocaust. He later won honors such as the Oskar Pfister Award.

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 3 Charles Krauthammer

Charles Krauthammer.
4
Famous As: Columnist
Birthdate: March 13, 1950
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, USA
Died: June 21, 2018

Best known for his Pulitzer Prize-winning column in The Washington Post, Fox News commentator and political expert Charles Krauthammer was also a qualified psychiatrist. He was rendered paralyzed from the waist down at 22, after an accident while studying medicine at Harvard, but completed his degree nevertheless.

 4 Frantz Fanon

Frantz Fanon.
6
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: July 20, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fort-de-France, Martinique, France
Died: December 6, 1961

Frantz Fanon was a French-West Indian born in Martinique, a former French colony. A skilled psychiatrist and physician, he realized the impact of colonialism on the human mind while treating French soldiers and Algerians. The author of books such as The Wretched of the Earth, Fanon supported the Algerian independence movement.

 5 Wilhelm Reich

Wilhelm Reich.
4
Famous As: Psychoanalyst
Birthdate: March 24, 1897
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Austria-Hungary
Died: November 3, 1957

Wilhelm Reich was an Austrian psychoanalyst and doctor of medicine. He is credited with shaping innovations like body psychotherapy, primal therapy, and Gestalt therapy. Also a writer, Reich's books like The Sexual Revolution and The Mass Psychology of Fascism influenced generations of intellectuals. Also a controversial figure, some of Wilhelm Reich's practices caused a disturbance in the psychoanalytic community.

 6 Radovan Karadžić

Radovan Karadžić
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 19, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Petnjica, Montenegro
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 7 Jacques Lacan

Jacques Lacan.
4
Famous As: Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: April 13, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 9, 1981
French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist Jacques Lacan is remembered for his philosophical approach that explored Freudian concepts, to which he applied elements of structuralism and anthropology to create his own concepts. His controversial suggestions led to his expulsion from the International Psychoanalytic Association. One of his key concepts was “Return to Freud.”
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 8 John Money

John Money
4
Famous As: Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Physician, University teacher
Birthdate: July 8, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Morrinsville
Died: July 7, 2006
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 9 Alfred Adler

Alfred Adler.
4
Birthdate: February 7, 1870
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus
Died: May 28, 1937

Alfred Adler was an Austrian psychotherapist and medical doctor. He is credited with founding the school of individual psychology. He was also one of the founders of the psychoanalytic movement along with Sigmund Freud and Freud's colleagues. In 2002, a survey conducted by Review of General Psychology named Adler among the 20th century's most eminent psychologists.

 10 Andrea Dotti

Andrea Dotti
4
Famous As: psychiatrist
Birthdate: March 18, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Naples
Died: September 30, 2007

Andrea Dotti was an Italian psychiatrist. He specialized in treating women with depression and was the assistant director of Rome University's psychiatric department. He was also a skier, tennis player, dancer, and art collector. He was married to famous actress Audrey Hepburn from 1969 to 1982, and the couple had one son. Dotti had several affairs during their marriage. 

 11 Elisabeth Kübler-Ross

Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
4
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: July 8, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Zurich, Switzerland
Died: August 24, 2004

Best known for her pathbreaking bestseller On Death and Dying, Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross also made pioneering research in areas such as near-death studies. Her five stages of grief, or the Kübler-Ross model, has been adopted by corporates to help employees deal with loss and change.

 12 Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud.
0
Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: May 6, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Příbor, Czechia
Died: September 23, 1939

Regarded as the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud was a neurologist. Despite suffering criticism, psychoanalysis remains influential in the fields of psychology and psychiatry; such is the influence Freud has on humanities. Scholars believe that Freud is one of the most influential personalities of the 20th century and that his impact is comparable to that of Marxism and Darwinism.

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 13 Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
4
Famous As: Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: September 29, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rijeka

 14 R. D. Laing

R. D. Laing.
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: October 7, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Govanhill
Died: August 23, 1989

Psychiatrist R. D. Laing was known for his different perspective on mental illnesses, particularly psychosis. Known as anti-psychiatry, his theory of resolving mental ailments opposed the age-old shock therapy. His written works include The Divided Self. He was also a talented poet and had fathered 10 children by four women.

 15 Karen Horney

Karen Horney
3
Famous As: Psychoanalyst
Birthdate: September 16, 1885
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Blankenese, Hamburg, Germany
Died: December 4, 1952

Remembered for her pioneering work on feminist psychology, Karen Horney studied medicine at a time when women weren’t allowed in universities. Going against Sigmund Freud’s concept of penis envy, she suggested the idea of womb envy. She believed psychological differences weren’t rooted in gender but rather depended on the socio-cultural influences.

 16 Alois Alzheimer

Alois Alzheimer
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Famous As: Psychiatrist, Neuropathologist
Birthdate: June 14, 1864
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Marktbreit
Died: December 19, 1915

German psychiatrist and neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer is noted for identifying the first published case of presenile dementia, which his colleague and German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin later identified as Alzheimer's disease.  Alois publicly discussed his findings on brain pathology and symptoms of presenile dementia in late-1906 and penned a larger paper giving details of the disease and his findings in 1907.

 17 M. Scott Peck

M. Scott Peck
4
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: May 22, 1936
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: September 25, 2005

 18 Sabina Spielrein

Sabina Spielrein
4
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: October 25, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire
Died: August 11, 1942

 19 Irvin D. Yalom

Irvin D. Yalom
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: June 13, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Washington, D.C.

 20 Thomas Szasz

Thomas Szasz
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: April 15, 1920
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: September 8, 2012

 21 Julienne Marie

Julienne Marie
3
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: March 21, 1933
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Toledo, Ohio, United States

 22 Aaron T. Beck

Aaron T. Beck
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist, University teacher, Psychologist
Birthdate: July 18, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Providence

 23 Simon Baron-Cohen

Simon Baron-Cohen
4
Famous As: Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist, Researcher
Birthdate: August 15, 1958
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London

British clinical-psychologist Simon Baron-Cohen is noted for making significant contributions in fields like autism-neuroimaging, autism-genetics, and synaesthesia, and his services to autistic people, for which he was knighted in the 2021 New Year Honours. He formulated mind-blindness theory and fetal-sex-steroid theory of autism and presently serves as a professor at the University of Cambridge and director of the university's Autism Research Centre.

 24 Karl Jaspers

Karl Jaspers
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: February 23, 1883
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oldenburg, Germany
Died: February 26, 1969

Twentieth-century Existentialist Karl Jaspers had initially followed in his father’s footsteps to study law, but had then switched to medicine. One of the pioneers of clinical psychiatry, he applied phenomenology to study mental illnesses and also developed psychopathological research. He was highly influenced by Immanuel Kant’s ideas.

 25 Sidney Gottlieb

Sidney Gottlieb
3
Famous As: Chemist, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: August 3, 1918
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York City
Died: March 7, 1999

 26 Frances Cress Welsing

Frances Cress Welsing
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: March 18, 1935
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chicago
Died: January 2, 2016

 27 Milton H. Erickson

Milton H. Erickson
3
Famous As: Psychotherapist, Hypnotist, Hypnotherapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Writer
Birthdate: December 5, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Aurum
Died: March 25, 1980

 28 Nawal El Saadawi

Nawal El Saadawi
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 27, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kafr Tahlah, Egypt

 29 Eric Kandel

Eric Kandel
3
Famous As: Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Neuroscientist, Psychologist, Biochemist
Birthdate: November 7, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna

Nobel Prize-winning neurobiologist Eric Kandel is known for his research on the role of synapses in memory and learning. An Austrian Jew, he left his country with his family and moved to the U.S. in the wake of anti-Semitism. A doctor, specializing in psychiatry, he later taught at Columbia University.

 30 Bruno Bettelheim

Bruno Bettelheim
3
Famous As: Writer, Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: August 28, 1903
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: March 13, 1990
Austrian-American psychologist Bruno Bettelheim is remembered for his work on child psychiatry and autism. While he initially looked after his family’s lumber business, he was later imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps, before escaping to the U.S. Following his suicide, it was revealed that he had faked his academic credentials.

 31 Immanuel Velikovsky

Immanuel Velikovsky.
3
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: June 10, 1895
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vitebsk
Died: November 17, 1979

Immanuel Velikovsky is remembered for his concepts such as cosmogony. He initially studied medicine and psychology, and later devoted his life to his research on ancient myths and legends, attempting to establish their historical authenticity. In spite of facing the hostility of scientists, his Worlds in Collision became a bestseller.

 32 Hermann Rorschach

Hermann Rorschach.
3
Famous As: Swiss psychiatrist
Birthdate: November 8, 1884
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Zurich, Switzerland
Died: April 1, 1922

Remembered for inventing the inkblot test to uncover the hidden traits of a subject’s personality, known as the Rorschach test, Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach was born to an art teacher in Zürich and had thus wished to be an artist initially. His Rorschach test was later criticized for its subjectivity.

 33 Ron Dellums

Ron Dellums
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 24, 1935
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oakland, California, U.S.
Died: July 30, 2018

 34 Félix Guattari

Félix Guattari
3
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Villeneuve-les-Sablons, France
Died: August 29, 1992

 35 Emil Kraepelin

Emil Kraepelin.
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: February 15, 1856
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Neustrelitz, Germany
Died: October 7, 1926

The son of a musician, Emil Kraepelin, remembered as the founder of psychiatry, was the first to differentiate between dementia praecox, now known as schizophrenia, and manic-depressive psychosis. His classification of mental illnesses influenced much of the research on the subject in the 20th century.

 36 Theodore Dalrymple

Theodore Dalrymple
3
Famous As: Journalist, Psychiatrist, Conspiracy theorist, Writer, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: October 11, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London

Anthony Malcolm Daniels, better known by his pseudonym, Theodore Dalrymple, has worked as a physician in many African countries, such as Tanzania and Zimbabwe. The retired consultant psychiatrist and prison doctor is now known for his social and culture critiques in City Journal and other publications.

 37 Fritz Perls

Fritz Perls
3
Famous As: Psychologist, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: July 8, 1893
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: March 14, 1970

Fritz Perls initially fought in World War I, following which he treated brain injuries of soldiers. He was later drawn to Freudian psychoanalysis. During World War II, he was the psychiatrist for the South African military. His Gestalt therapy, which he co-created with his wife, Laura, redefined psychology.

 38 Ian Stevenson

Ian Stevenson
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist, Parapsychologist, University teacher
Birthdate: October 31, 1918
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Montreal
Died: February 8, 2007

Canadian-American psychiatrist and University of Virginia School of Medicine professor Ian Stevenson believed he had developed his love for the paranormal from his mother, who maintained a well-stocked library on theosophy. His studies included unearthing children’s past life memories. He also penned books such as Reincarnation and Biology.

 39 Mohan Agashe

Mohan Agashe
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: July 23, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bhor, India

 40 Arthur M. Sackler

Arthur M. Sackler
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: August 22, 1913
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: May 26, 1987

 41 Eugen Bleuler

Eugen Bleuler
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist, Physician, University teacher
Birthdate: April 30, 1857
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Zollikon
Died: July 15, 1939

 42 Wilfred Bion

Wilfred Bion
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, Psychologist
Birthdate: September 8, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mathura
Died: November 8, 1979

Born in British India, Wilfred Bion grew up to be a prominent psychoanalyst. He had fought during World War I. He is best remembered for his work on group dynamics and the object relations theory. He was also part of the Tavistock group of psychologists who founded the Tavistock Institute.

 43 Josef Breuer

Josef Breuer
3
Famous As: Physician, Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: January 15, 1842
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: June 20, 1925

Psychoanalyst and physician Josef Breuer inspired what later came to be known as Sigmund Freud’s cathartic method to treat mental ailments. His experiments with his patient Anna O. proved the therapeutic effect of the talking cure. He had also conducted research on the respiratory cycle and discovered the Hering-Breuer reflex.

 44 Richard von Krafft-Ebing

Richard von Krafft-Ebing
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: August 14, 1840
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mannheim, Germany
Died: December 22, 1902

Known for his ground-breaking research on sexual psychopathology, German psychologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing worked on varied subjects such as sexual aberration and hypnosis. His Psychopathia Sexualis was one of the first written works that discussed LGBT sex and also spoke about taboo topics such as sadism, necrophilia, and masochism.

 45 Stanislav Grof

Stanislav Grof
3
Famous As: Psychiatrist, Psychologist, Writer, Physician
Birthdate: July 1, 1931
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Prague

 46 Nora Volkow

Nora Volkow.
2
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: March 27, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mexico City

Mexican-born Nora Volkow studied medicine in her country, before moving to New York University, where she became a Laughlin Fellow. Now the director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, she was the first to prove that drug abuse is a brain disease. She was featured at TEDMED 2014.

 47 Bertrand Piccard

Bertrand Piccard
3
Famous As: Swiss psychiatrist
Birthdate: March 1, 1958
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lausanne

 48 Irmfried Eberl

Irmfried Eberl
3
Famous As: Physician, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: September 8, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bregenz
Died: February 16, 1948

Best known for leading the mass killing of Jews at the Treblinka extermination camp, psychiatrist Irmfried Eberl was eventually dismissed from his post because of his inefficiency in disposing of the bodies and thus causing a cremation backlog. Following the war, he hanged himself before being tried for his crimes.

 49 John Langdon Down

John Langdon Down
2
Famous As: Physician, Psychiatrist, Neurologist
Birthdate: November 18, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Torpoint
Died: October 7, 1896

British doctor John Langdon Down was pushed to assist at his father’s shop at 14. He gained an interest in medicine after apprenticing with a London surgeon. A pioneer in the treatment of mentally challenged patients, he is remembered for his study of what is now known as Down syndrome.

 50 Otto F. Kernberg

Otto F. Kernberg
2
Famous As: Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Psychologist
Birthdate: September 10, 1928
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna

After fleeing to Chile with his family during the Nazi regime, Otto F. Kernberg studied medicine and then psychiatry. He eventually moved to the U.S. on a Rockefeller fellowship and grew up to be one of the finest psychoanalysts of the country. He now teaches at the Weill Cornell Medicine.

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