Psychiatrists

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A psychiatrist may refer to a physician who is specialized and trained in the diagnoses, prevention and treatment of mental disorders and emotional disorders. Psychiatrists prescribe medication for a range of psychological disorders and examine, assess and conduct diagnostic test on patients. The different kinds of psychiatrists include, child and adolescent psychiatrists, addiction psychiatrists, geriatric and pediatric psychiatrists and forensic psychiatrists among many others. The term, psychiatry came into existence in 1808, when a German physician named Johann Christian Reil came out with the term. A psychiatrist may be involved in psychopharmacology, treatment of post-traumatic stress disorders, psychotherapy, psychiatric genetics, sexual disorders and problems, mood disorders, anxiety and stress related disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. Many psychiatrists may with work with a specified age group, like child and adolescent psychiatrist for example. On the other hand, psychiatrists who work with older or aged patients are referred to as geriatric psychiatrists or geropsychiatrists. Psychiatrists, who deal with work related issued in business organizations or offices are referred to as organizational or occupational psychiatrists. A forensic psychologist deals with criminal cases and may also have to interact with accused or convicted criminals. Here is a list of famous psychiatrist doctors. Learn about their life and details with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.
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 1 
Carl Jung
(Swiss Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst and Founder of Analytical Psychology)
Carl Jung
8
Birthdate: July 26, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kesswil, Switzerland
Died: June 6, 1961

Widely regarded as the father of analytical psychology, Carl Jung is one of the most important contributors to symbolization and dream analysis. The concepts of socionics and a popular psychometric instrument called Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) were developed from Jung's theory. Apart from working as a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Carl Jung was also an artist, craftsman, builder, and prolific writer.

 2 
Viktor Frankl
(Psychiatrist)
Viktor Frankl
10
Birthdate: March 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 2, 1997

Austrian psychiatrist Viktor Frankl founded logotherapy. He also authored several books, most notably his bestselling autobiographical depiction of his ordeal at various Nazi concentration camps, Man's Search for Meaning. He had lost his parents, brother, and wife in the Holocaust. He later won honors such as the Oskar Pfister Award.

 3 
Jacques Lacan
(Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist)
Jacques Lacan
8
Birthdate: April 13, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 9, 1981
French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist Jacques Lacan is remembered for his philosophical approach that explored Freudian concepts, to which he applied elements of structuralism and anthropology to create his own concepts. His controversial suggestions led to his expulsion from the International Psychoanalytic Association. One of his key concepts was “Return to Freud.”
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 4 
Frantz Fanon
(Psychiatrist)
Frantz Fanon
8
Birthdate: July 20, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fort-de-France, Martinique, France
Died: December 6, 1961

Frantz Fanon was a French-West Indian born in Martinique, a former French colony. A skilled psychiatrist and physician, he realized the impact of colonialism on the human mind while treating French soldiers and Algerians. The author of books such as The Wretched of the Earth, Fanon supported the Algerian independence movement.

 5 
R. D. Laing
(Psychiatrist)
R. D. Laing
3
Birthdate: October 7, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Govanhill
Died: August 23, 1989

Psychiatrist R. D. Laing was known for his different perspective on mental illnesses, particularly psychosis. Known as anti-psychiatry, his theory of resolving mental ailments opposed the age-old shock therapy. His written works include The Divided Self. He was also a talented poet and had fathered 10 children by four women.

 6 
Sabina Spielrein
(Psychiatrist)
Sabina Spielrein
4
Birthdate: October 25, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire
Died: August 11, 1942

Sabina Spielrein was a Russian physician who also worked as a psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, and teacher during an illustrious professional career that spanned 30 years. A pioneer of psychoanalysis, Spielrein was the first person to bring in and popularize the concept of the death instinct. Sabina Spielrein was also one of the earliest psychoanalysts to study schizophrenia in detail. 

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 7 
Karen Horney
(German Psychoanalyst Best Known for Founding Feminist Psychology in Response to Freud’s Theory of Penis Envy)
Karen Horney
3
Birthdate: September 16, 1885
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Blankenese, Hamburg, Germany
Died: December 4, 1952

Remembered for her pioneering work on feminist psychology, Karen Horney studied medicine at a time when women weren’t allowed in universities. Going against Sigmund Freud’s concept of penis envy, she suggested the idea of womb envy. She believed psychological differences weren’t rooted in gender but rather depended on the socio-cultural influences.

 8 
Alois Alzheimer
(Psychiatrist, Neuropathologist)
Alois Alzheimer
3
Birthdate: June 14, 1864
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Marktbreit
Died: December 19, 1915

German psychiatrist and neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer is noted for identifying the first published case of presenile dementia, which his colleague and German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin later identified as Alzheimer's disease.  Alois publicly discussed his findings on brain pathology and symptoms of presenile dementia in late-1906 and penned a larger paper giving details of the disease and his findings in 1907.

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 9 
M. Scott Peck
(Psychiatrist)
M. Scott Peck
4
Birthdate: May 22, 1936
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: September 25, 2005
 10 
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
(Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist)
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
6
Birthdate: September 29, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rijeka
 11 
Radovan Karadžić
(Politician)
Radovan Karadžić
6
Birthdate: June 19, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Petnjica, Montenegro
 12 
Andrea Dotti
(psychiatrist)
Andrea Dotti
4
Birthdate: March 18, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Naples
Died: September 30, 2007

Andrea Dotti was an Italian psychiatrist. He specialized in treating women with depression and was the assistant director of Rome University's psychiatric department. He was also a skier, tennis player, dancer, and art collector. He was married to famous actress Audrey Hepburn from 1969 to 1982, and the couple had one son. Dotti had several affairs during their marriage. 

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 13 
John Money
(Psychologist Known for His Research into Sexual Identity and Biology of Gender)
John Money
4
Birthdate: July 8, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Morrinsville, New Zealand
Died: July 7, 2006

John Money was a New Zealand sexologist, psychologist, and author. He is best remembered for his research into biology of gender and sexual identity. He is credited with coining the terms sexual orientation, gender role, and gender identity. John Money was also criticized for endorsing conversion therapy among other unethical practices. His books have been translated into numerous languages.

 14 
Simon Baron-Cohen
(Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist, Researcher)
Simon Baron-Cohen
4
Birthdate: August 15, 1958
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London

British clinical-psychologist Simon Baron-Cohen is noted for making significant contributions in fields like autism-neuroimaging, autism-genetics, and synaesthesia, and his services to autistic people, for which he was knighted in the 2021 New Year Honours. He formulated mind-blindness theory and fetal-sex-steroid theory of autism and presently serves as a professor at the University of Cambridge and director of the university's Autism Research Centre.

 15 
Thomas Szasz
(Psychiatrist)
Thomas Szasz
3
Birthdate: April 15, 1920
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: September 8, 2012

Hungarian-American psychiatrist Thomas Szasz, who spent most of life teaching at the State University of New York Health Science Center, was known for his controversial claim that mental illnesses aren’t illnesses at all. Part of the anti-psychiatry movement, he penned books such as The Myth of Mental Illness.

 16 
Julienne Marie
3
Birthdate: March 21, 1933
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Toledo, Ohio, United States
 17 
Aaron T. Beck
(Psychiatrist, University teacher, Psychologist)
Aaron T. Beck
3
Birthdate: July 18, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Providence
 18 
Eric Kandel
(Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Neuroscientist, Psychologist, Biochemist)
Eric Kandel
3
Birthdate: November 7, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna

Nobel Prize-winning neurobiologist Eric Kandel is known for his research on the role of synapses in memory and learning. An Austrian Jew, he left his country with his family and moved to the U.S. in the wake of anti-Semitism. A doctor, specializing in psychiatry, he later taught at Columbia University.

 19 
Milton H. Erickson
(Psychotherapist, Hypnotist, Hypnotherapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Writer)
Milton H. Erickson
3
Birthdate: December 5, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Aurum
Died: March 25, 1980
 20 
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
(Swiss-American Psychiatrist, a Pioneer in Near-Death Studies and Author of the Book ‘On Death and Dying')
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
0
Birthdate: July 8, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Zurich, Switzerland
Died: August 24, 2004

Best known for her pathbreaking bestseller On Death and Dying, Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross also made pioneering research in areas such as near-death studies. Her five stages of grief, or the Kübler-Ross model, has been adopted by corporates to help employees deal with loss and change.

 21 
Hermann Rorschach
(Swiss psychiatrist)
Hermann Rorschach
3
Birthdate: November 8, 1884
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Zurich, Switzerland
Died: April 1, 1922

Remembered for inventing the inkblot test to uncover the hidden traits of a subject’s personality, known as the Rorschach test, Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach was born to an art teacher in Zürich and had thus wished to be an artist initially. His Rorschach test was later criticized for its subjectivity.

 22 
Bruno Bettelheim
(Writer, Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist)
Bruno Bettelheim
3
Birthdate: August 28, 1903
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: March 13, 1990
Austrian-American psychologist Bruno Bettelheim is remembered for his work on child psychiatry and autism. While he initially looked after his family’s lumber business, he was later imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps, before escaping to the U.S. Following his suicide, it was revealed that he had faked his academic credentials.
 23 
Irvin D. Yalom
(Psychiatrist)
Irvin D. Yalom
3
Birthdate: June 13, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Washington, D.C.
 24 
Nawal El Saadawi
3
Birthdate: October 27, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kafr Tahlah, Egypt
 25 
Arthur M. Sackler
(Psychiatrist)
Arthur M. Sackler
3
Birthdate: August 22, 1913
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: May 26, 1987
 26 
Immanuel Velikovsky
3
Birthdate: June 10, 1895
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vitebsk
Died: November 17, 1979

Immanuel Velikovsky is remembered for his concepts such as cosmogony. He initially studied medicine and psychology, and later devoted his life to his research on ancient myths and legends, attempting to establish their historical authenticity. In spite of facing the hostility of scientists, his Worlds in Collision became a bestseller.

 27 
Ron Dellums
(Politician)
Ron Dellums
3
Birthdate: November 24, 1935
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oakland, California, U.S.
Died: July 30, 2018
 28 
Félix Guattari
(Philosopher)
Félix Guattari
3
Birthdate: April 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Villeneuve-les-Sablons, France
Died: August 29, 1992
 29 
Karl Jaspers
(One of the Most Important Representatives of Existential Philosophy)
Karl Jaspers
3
Birthdate: February 23, 1883
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oldenburg, Germany
Died: February 26, 1969

Twentieth-century Existentialist Karl Jaspers had initially followed in his father’s footsteps to study law, but had then switched to medicine. One of the pioneers of clinical psychiatry, he applied phenomenology to study mental illnesses and also developed psychopathological research. He was highly influenced by Immanuel Kant’s ideas.

 30 
Emil Kraepelin
(Psychiatrist)
Emil Kraepelin
3
Birthdate: February 15, 1856
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Neustrelitz, Germany
Died: October 7, 1926

The son of a musician, Emil Kraepelin, remembered as the founder of psychiatry, was the first to differentiate between dementia praecox, now known as schizophrenia, and manic-depressive psychosis. His classification of mental illnesses influenced much of the research on the subject in the 20th century.

 31 
Frances Cress Welsing
(Psychiatrist)
Frances Cress Welsing
3
Birthdate: March 18, 1935
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chicago
Died: January 2, 2016
 32 
Fritz Perls
(Psychologist, Psychiatrist)
Fritz Perls
3
Birthdate: July 8, 1893
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: March 14, 1970

Fritz Perls initially fought in World War I, following which he treated brain injuries of soldiers. He was later drawn to Freudian psychoanalysis. During World War II, he was the psychiatrist for the South African military. His Gestalt therapy, which he co-created with his wife, Laura, redefined psychology.

 33 
Theodore Dalrymple
(Journalist, Psychiatrist, Conspiracy theorist, Writer, Non-fiction writer)
Theodore Dalrymple
3
Birthdate: October 11, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London

Anthony Malcolm Daniels, better known by his pseudonym, Theodore Dalrymple, has worked as a physician in many African countries, such as Tanzania and Zimbabwe. The retired consultant psychiatrist and prison doctor is now known for his social and culture critiques in City Journal and other publications.

 34 
Ian Stevenson
(Psychiatrist, Parapsychologist, University teacher)
Ian Stevenson
3
Birthdate: October 31, 1918
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Montreal
Died: February 8, 2007

Canadian-American psychiatrist and University of Virginia School of Medicine professor Ian Stevenson believed he had developed his love for the paranormal from his mother, who maintained a well-stocked library on theosophy. His studies included unearthing children’s past life memories. He also penned books such as Reincarnation and Biology.

 35 
Josef Breuer
(Physician, Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist)
Josef Breuer
3
Birthdate: January 15, 1842
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: June 20, 1925

Psychoanalyst and physician Josef Breuer inspired what later came to be known as Sigmund Freud’s cathartic method to treat mental ailments. His experiments with his patient Anna O. proved the therapeutic effect of the talking cure. He had also conducted research on the respiratory cycle and discovered the Hering-Breuer reflex.

 36 
Richard von Krafft-Ebing
3
Birthdate: August 14, 1840
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mannheim, Germany
Died: December 22, 1902

Known for his ground-breaking research on sexual psychopathology, German psychologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing worked on varied subjects such as sexual aberration and hypnosis. His Psychopathia Sexualis was one of the first written works that discussed LGBT sex and also spoke about taboo topics such as sadism, necrophilia, and masochism.

 37 
Eugen Bleuler
(Psychiatrist, Physician, University teacher)
Eugen Bleuler
3
Birthdate: April 30, 1857
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Zollikon
Died: July 15, 1939
One of the most prolific psychiatrists of his time, Eugen Bleuler is known as the man who introduced the term schizophrenia. He also introduced autism and ambivalence as 2 concepts required for the study of schizophrenia. His Textbook of Psychiatry became a staple in classes of psychiatry
 38 
Stanislav Grof
(Psychiatrist known for Transpersonal psychology)
Stanislav Grof
3
Birthdate: July 1, 1931
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
 39 
Wilfred Bion
(Former Psychoanalyst, who became president of the British Psychoanalytical Society from 1962 to 1965)
Wilfred Bion
3
Birthdate: September 8, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: India
Died: August 28, 1979

Born in British India, Wilfred Bion grew up to be a prominent psychoanalyst. He had fought during World War I. He is best remembered for his work on group dynamics and the object relations theory. He was also part of the Tavistock group of psychologists who founded the Tavistock Institute.

 40 
John Langdon Down
(Physician, Psychiatrist, Neurologist)
John Langdon Down
2
Birthdate: November 18, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Torpoint
Died: October 7, 1896

British doctor John Langdon Down was pushed to assist at his father’s shop at 14. He gained an interest in medicine after apprenticing with a London surgeon. A pioneer in the treatment of mentally challenged patients, he is remembered for his study of what is now known as Down syndrome.

 41 
Irmfried Eberl
(Physician, Psychiatrist)
Irmfried Eberl
3
Birthdate: September 8, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bregenz
Died: February 16, 1948

Best known for leading the mass killing of Jews at the Treblinka extermination camp, psychiatrist Irmfried Eberl was eventually dismissed from his post because of his inefficiency in disposing of the bodies and thus causing a cremation backlog. Following the war, he hanged himself before being tried for his crimes.

 42 
Nora Volkow
(Psychiatrist)
Nora Volkow
2
Birthdate: March 27, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico

Mexican-born Nora Volkow studied medicine in her country, before moving to New York University, where she became a Laughlin Fellow. Now the director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, she was the first to prove that drug abuse is a brain disease. She was featured at TEDMED 2014.

 43 
Bertrand Piccard
(Swiss psychiatrist)
Bertrand Piccard
3
Birthdate: March 1, 1958
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lausanne

Though a qualified psychiatrist and a lecturer of hypnosis, Bertrand Piccard is better known as an aviator. The son of oceanographer Jacques Piccard and the grandson of explorer Auguste Piccard, Bertrand completed the first solar-powered flight and the first non-stop balloon trip around the world.

 44 
Otto F. Kernberg
(Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Psychologist)
Otto F. Kernberg
2
Birthdate: September 10, 1928
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna

After fleeing to Chile with his family during the Nazi regime, Otto F. Kernberg studied medicine and then psychiatry. He eventually moved to the U.S. on a Rockefeller fellowship and grew up to be one of the finest psychoanalysts of the country. He now teaches at the Weill Cornell Medicine.

 45 
Jean Tatlock
(Psychiatrist)
Jean Tatlock
0
Birthdate: February 21, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Died: January 4, 1944
 46 
Fredric Wertham
(Psychologist, Psychiatrist)
Fredric Wertham
2
Birthdate: March 20, 1895
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City
Died: November 18, 1981
 47 
Suzanne Mallouk
(Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst and Painter)
Suzanne Mallouk
0
Birthdate: September 10, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Orangeville, Ontario, Canada

Suzanne Mallouk ran away from her Canada home and moved to New York, where she took up odd jobs to finance her art career. She supported a penniless Jean-Michel Basquiat grow into a wealthy artist and became a muse for his paintings. She later became a practicing psychiatrist.

 48 
Kurt Schneider
(Military physician, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, University teacher)
Kurt Schneider
2
Birthdate: January 7, 1887
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Crailsheim
Died: October 27, 1967

Chiefly known for his works on the diagnosis and understanding of schizophrenia, German psychiatrist Kurt Schneider published many papers on the subject, creating a list of the psychotic symptoms, today known as Schneiderian First-Rank Symptoms, to differentiate it from other forms of mental disorder. He also made significant contributions to personality disorders, coining term like endogenous depression and reactive depression.

 49 
Harry Stack Sullivan
(Psychiatrist, Psychotherapist, Psychologist)
Harry Stack Sullivan
2
Birthdate: February 21, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City
Died: January 14, 1949
 50 
Leo Kanner
(Psychiatrist)
Leo Kanner
2
Birthdate: June 13, 1896
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Klekotiv, Ukraine
Died: April 3, 1981