Women Physicians

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 1 
Rosalind Franklin
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Birthdate: July 25, 1920
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Notting Hill, London, England
Died: April 16, 1958
Chemist and X-ray crystallographer Rosalind Franklin is remembered for her pathbreaking X-ray diffraction studies of DNA, which helped in the Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the double helix structure of DNA by Francis Crick, James Watson, and Maurice Wilkins later. She also worked on the molecular structures of viruses. 
 2 
Virginia Apgar
(Physician and Anesthesiologist)
Virginia Apgar
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Birthdate: June 7, 1909
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Westfield, New Jersey, United States
Died: August 7, 1974
 3 
Elizabeth Blackwell
(First Woman Medical Graduate)
Elizabeth Blackwell
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Birthdate: February 3, 1821
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bristol
Died: May 31, 1910
 4 
Mae Jemison
(First African American Woman To Travel To Space)
Mae Jemison
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Birthdate: October 17, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Decatur, Alabama, United States

Former NASA astronaut Mae Jemison became the first Black woman to fly into space, as a mission specialist on the Space Shuttle Endeavour. A qualified physician, she has served as a Peace Corps doctor, too. She has written several books and established a non-profit and a tech research organization.

 5 
Ursula von der Leyen
(President of the European Commission (since Dec 2019))
Ursula von der Leyen
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Birthdate: October 8, 1958
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ixelles, Belgium
Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen is currently serving as the first president of the European Commission. Named to Time 100 in 2020, she has previously been the first female defense minister of Germany, and has held positions such as the deputy leader of the CDU and the minister of labor.
 6 
Priscilla Chan
(Wife of Mark Zuckerberg)
Priscilla Chan
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Birthdate: February 24, 1985
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Braintree, Massachusetts, United States
Pediatrician and philanthropist Priscilla Chan, wife of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, was born to Chinese-Vietnamese refugees. She met Zuckerberg while studying at Harvard. They launched the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative in 2015, pledging to transfer 99 percent of their shares in Facebook. Their philanthropy focuses on healthcare, science, and education.
 7 
Maria Montessori
(Italian Physician and Founder of the 'Montessori Method of Education')
Maria Montessori
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Birthdate: August 1, 1870
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chiaravalle, Italy
Died: April 30, 1952

Maria Montessori was an Italian educator and physician best known for developing the Montessori method of education, a student-friendly method, which is being used in several public and private schools around the world. In 2020, she was nominated by Time magazine as one of their Top 100 Women of the year.

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 8 
Jill Stein
(Physician)
Jill Stein
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Birthdate: May 14, 1950
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Jill Stein is a physician who later became the presidential nominee for the Green Party in the 2012 and 2016 elections. She has also been the Green-Rainbow Party's candidate for the governorship of Massachusetts in 2002 and 2010. She believed in the Green New Deal, including climate change reforms.
 9 
Connie Booth
(Actress, Psychotherapist)
Connie Booth
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Birthdate: January 31, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Indianapolis
Connie Booth is best known as Polly Sherman from the series Fawlty Towers. She was also seen in the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail and the series Monty Python's Flying Circus. She also appeared on stage. After retiring from acting, she began working as a psychotherapist in London.
 10 
Michelle Bachelet
(33rd and 35th President of Chile)
Michelle Bachelet
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Birthdate: September 29, 1951
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Santiago, Chile

Chilean politician Michelle Bachelet serves as 7th United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. She became the first female politician in Chilean history who was elected as the country’s President and the first elected female leader in South America. She served as the 33rd and 35th President of Chile and held several other prominent positions during her expansive political career.

 11 
Jennifer Ashton
(Physician)
Jennifer Ashton
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Birthdate: April 23, 1969
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: George Air Force Base
 12 
Nina Kraviz
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Birthdate: October 12, 1982
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Irkutsk, Russia

Nina Kraviz is a Russian DJ, singer, and music producer. She studied dentistry and even practiced for some time while performing gigs as a side hustle. She then proceeded to study at the Red Bull Music Academy. She released her self-titled debut album in 2012 and then went on to launch her own record label. 

 13 
Annie Sprinkle
(American Sexologist and Co-creator of the 'Ecosexual' Movement)
Annie Sprinkle
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Birthdate: July 23, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Annie Sprinkle is an American sexologist who supports sex work and healthcare. Sprinkle, who identifies herself as ecosexual, works as a feminist stripper, sex educator, pornographic actress, and sex-positive feminist. She is credited with popularizing lesbian pornography and the post-porn movement.

 14 
Cicely Saunders
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Birthdate: June 22, 1918
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Barnet, Hertfordshire, England
Died: July 14, 2005
A pioneer of the hospice movement, English nurse and social worker Cicely Saunders not only developed the palliative care approach but also established the St. Christopher’s Hospice in London. A supporter of medical ethics, she was against voluntary euthanasia. She won numerous awards, such as the Templeton Prize.
 15 
Mary Edwards Walker
(Surgeon, Feminist, Activist)
Mary Edwards Walker
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Birthdate: November 26, 1832
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oswego
Died: February 21, 1919

Mary Edwards Walker, or Dr. Mary Walker, was the only female surgeon who served injured soldiers during the American Civil War. A dress reform supporter, she believed women should value comfort more than tradition when it came to clothes. She was also the first and only Medal of Honor winner.

 16 
Karen Horney
(German Psychoanalyst Best Known for Founding Feminist Psychology in Response to Freud’s Theory of Penis Envy)
Karen Horney
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Birthdate: September 16, 1885
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Blankenese, Hamburg, Germany
Died: December 4, 1952

Remembered for her pioneering work on feminist psychology, Karen Horney studied medicine at a time when women weren’t allowed in universities. Going against Sigmund Freud’s concept of penis envy, she suggested the idea of womb envy. She believed psychological differences weren’t rooted in gender but rather depended on the socio-cultural influences.

 17 
Virginia Johnson
(Sexologist)
Virginia Johnson
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Birthdate: February 11, 1925
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Springfield, Missouri, United States
Died: July 24, 2013
 18 
Sabina Spielrein
(Psychiatrist)
Sabina Spielrein
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Birthdate: October 25, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire
Died: August 11, 1942

Sabina Spielrein was a Russian physician who also worked as a psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, and teacher during an illustrious professional career that spanned 30 years. A pioneer of psychoanalysis, Spielrein was the first person to bring in and popularize the concept of the death instinct. Sabina Spielrein was also one of the earliest psychoanalysts to study schizophrenia in detail. 

 19 
Fe del Mundo
(Pediatrician)
Fe del Mundo
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Birthdate: November 27, 1911
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Intramuros
Died: August 6, 2011

Fe del Mundo was a Filipina paediatrician who achieved international recognition in 1977 when she was honored with the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service. In 1980, she was named National Scientist of the Philippines, becoming the first woman to be named so. Del Mundo is credited with founding Philippines' first pediatric hospital.

 20 
Rita Levi-Montalcini
(Italian Neurologist Who Won the 1986 Nobel Prize in Medicine)
Rita Levi-Montalcini
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Birthdate: April 22, 1909
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: December 30, 2012

Rita Levi-Montalcini was an Italian neurologist whose discovery of nerve growth factor earned her the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Throughout her life, Levi-Montalcini's work in neurobiology earned her several other honors and awards, including the Golden Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement and the European Academy of Sciences' Leonardo da Vinci Award.

 21 
Tess Gerritsen
(Novelist)
Tess Gerritsen
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Birthdate: June 12, 1953
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: San Diego, California, United States
 22 
Joycelyn Elders
(15th Surgeon General of the United States (1993 -1994))
Joycelyn Elders
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Birthdate: August 13, 1933
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schaal, Arkansas, United States

The second female U.S. surgeon general, Joycelyn Elders is a renowned pediatrician and one of the first Black women to reach the pinnacle of the medical field in the U.S. She has been dragged into multiple controversies, one of them being a result of her support for sex education and masturbation.

 23 
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
(Swiss-American Psychiatrist, a Pioneer in Near-Death Studies and Author of the Book ‘On Death and Dying')
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
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Birthdate: July 8, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Zurich, Switzerland
Died: August 24, 2004

Best known for her pathbreaking bestseller On Death and Dying, Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross also made pioneering research in areas such as near-death studies. Her five stages of grief, or the Kübler-Ross model, has been adopted by corporates to help employees deal with loss and change.

 24 
Anandi Gopal Joshi
(First Indian Female Doctor)
Anandi Gopal Joshi
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Birthdate: March 31, 1865
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kalyan, Maharashtra, India
Died: February 26, 1887

Though she was married off at age 9 and had had a baby by 14, Anandi Gopal Joshi rose to become one of the first female doctors in India and the first Indian-origin woman to graduate with a medical degree in the US. Unfortunately, she died of tuberculosis shortly before her 22nd birthday.

 25 
Özlem Türeci
(Physician, Scientist)
Özlem Türeci
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Birthdate: March 6, 1967
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lastrup, West Germany
 26 
Maria Belon
(Physician)
Maria Belon
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Birthdate: May 12, 1966
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
 27 
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson
(Mayor of Aldeburgh)
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson
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Birthdate: June 9, 1836
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Whitechapel
Died: December 17, 1917

The first female doctor and surgeon of Britain, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was initially denied admission to medical schools because of her gender and had thus started studying privately. Soon after joining the Marylebone Dispensary as an attendant, she contributed to the formation of the New Hospital for Women.

 28 
Mehriban Aliyeva
(Vice President of Azerbaijan)
Mehriban Aliyeva
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Birthdate: August 26, 1964
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan

Mehriban Aliyeva is an Azerbaijani physician and politician. She is the current Vice President of Azerbaijan. The wife of Ilham Aliyev, Aliyeva is also the current First Lady of Azerbaijan. Mehriban Aliyeva is also the current Deputy Leader of the New Azerbaijan Party.

 29 
Eva Andersson-Dubin
(Physician, Beauty Pageant Winner)
Eva Andersson-Dubin
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Birthdate: 1961 AD
Birthplace: Sweden
 30 
Laurel Clark
(Medical Doctor)
Laurel Clark
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Birthdate: March 10, 1961
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ames, Iowa, United States
Died: February 1, 2003
 31 
Helen B. Taussig
(Cardiologist)
Helen B. Taussig
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Birthdate: May 24, 1898
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 20, 1986
Helen B. Taussig is remembered as the founder of pediatric cardiology. Born to a Harvard professor father and a mother who was a women’s education pioneer, she was denied a Harvard seat for being a woman and thus studied medicine at Johns Hopkins. She pioneered the cure of the blue baby syndrome.
 32 
Julienne Marie
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Birthdate: March 21, 1933
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Toledo, Ohio, United States
 33 
Colleen McCullough
(Novelist, Writer, Neurologist, Biographer, Science fiction writer)
Colleen McCullough
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Birthdate: June 1, 1937
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wellington
Died: January 29, 2015

Australian author Colleen McCullough soared to fame with her bestselling novel The Thorn Birds, which was also made into a hit miniseries. Fans also lover her Masters of Rome and Carmine Delmonico series of novels. A former neuropsychologist, she has previously taught at the Yale School of Medicine.

 34 
Roberta Bondar
(Astronaut & Neurologist)
Roberta Bondar
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Birthdate: December 4, 1945
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sault Ste. Marie, Canada

Canadian neurologist, educator, scientist, astronaut and photographer Roberta Bondar CC OOnt FRCPC FRSC is noted as the first female astronaut and the first neurologist of Canada to travel into space. She flew as part of the Space Shuttle Discovery mission STS-42 and performed over forty experiments in Spacelab. She later served as head of an international team of researchers at NASA.

 35 
Susan La Flesche Picotte
(American doctor)
Susan La Flesche Picotte
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Birthdate: June 17, 1865
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Omaha Reservation, Nebraska, United States
Died: September 18, 1915
 36 
Eva Carneiro
(Sports medicine specialist who is best known for serving as the first-team doctor of Chelsea, which she joined in 2009)
Eva Carneiro
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Birthdate: September 30, 1973
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Gibraltar
 37 
Reita Faria
(Physician, former model and the winner of the Miss World 1966 contest)
Reita Faria
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Birthdate: 1945 AD
Birthplace: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Reita Faria is an Indian physician and former beauty queen. She is best known for winning the Miss World pageant in 1966 and thereby becoming the first woman of Asian origin to win the contest. Reita Faria is also the first qualified physician to win the Miss World title. Reita Faria declined several acting offers to focus on her career as a physician.

 38 
Leana Wen
(Former President of Planned Parenthood)
Leana Wen
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Birthdate: January 27, 1983
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Shanghai, China
 39 
Nawal El Saadawi
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Birthdate: October 27, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kafr Tahlah, Egypt
 40 
Margaret Chan
(Physician)
Margaret Chan
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Birthdate: August 21, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hong Kong, China

Former WHO director-general and one of Forbes’s most powerful women, Margaret Chan was both applauded and criticized for her decision to cull Hong Kong’s entire poultry stock in 3 days to control the H5N1 virus in 1997. She was also in charge during the 2003 SARS outbreak in the city.

 41 
Stella Immanuel
(Physician, writer)
Stella Immanuel
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Birthdate: 1965 AD
Birthplace: Cameroon
 42 
Gianna Beretta Molla
(Pediatrician)
Gianna Beretta Molla
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Birthdate: October 4, 1922
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Magenta, Italy
Died: April 28, 1962

Gianna Beretta Molla was a Roman Catholic pediatrician, canonized as a saint for saving her unborn child’s life at the expense of her own. Although she knew that the removal of only the fibroma would endanger her life, she refused have an abortion, thus upholding the Roman Catholic doctrine that even an unborn child has a fundamental right to life.

 43 
Sneha Anne Philip
(Indian-American physician who was last seen on September 10, 2001)
Sneha Anne Philip
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Birthdate: October 7, 1969
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kerala, India
Died: September 11, 2001
 44 
Anna Comnena
(Greek Princess & Scholar)
Anna Comnena
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Birthdate: December 1, 1083
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Porphyra Chamber, Great Palace of Constantinople, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Died: 1153 AD
Daughter of Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus, Anna Komnene is best remembered for writing Alexiad, a genuine treatise of the life and times of her father. She had written the book while imprisoned at the Kecharitomene Monastery, after a failed attempt to depose her brother, John II Komnenos.
 45 
Antonia Novello
(The First Woman and First Hispanic to Serve as Surgeon General of the United States)
Antonia Novello
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Birthdate: August 23, 1944
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fajardo, Puerto Rico

Antonia Novello became the first female and the first person of Hispanic origin to become the U.S. surgeon general. Initially a pediatric nephrologist, she later switched to Public Health Service, after realizing she was too emotional to be a pediatrician. The Puerto Rican physician was also a UNICEF representative.

 46 
Patricia Bath
(Former Inventor known for Invention of Laserphaco Probe)
Patricia Bath
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Birthdate: November 4, 1942
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: April 30, 2019

Ophthalmologist Patricia Bath is remembered for her pathbreaking invention of the Laserphaco Probe, which made laser cataract surgery possible. The first Black female surgeon at the UCLA Medical Center and the first female faculty staff of the UCLA Jules Stein Eye Institute, she dedicated her life to curing blindness.

 47 
Aletta Jacobs
(Physician)
Aletta Jacobs
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Birthdate: February 9, 1854
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sappemeer, Netherlands
Died: August 10, 1929

Apart from being the first female university graduate in the Netherlands, the first Dutch female physician, and the first female to get a medical doctorate in her country, Aletta Jacobs was also a pioneering women’s suffrage activist. She traveled the world for her feminist mission with fellow suffragette Carrie Chapman.

 48 
Theresa Tam
(3rd Chief Public Health Officer of Canada)
Theresa Tam
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Birthdate: 1965 AD
Birthplace: Hong Kong
 49 
Philippa Perry
(Psychotherapist, Novelist)
Philippa Perry
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Birthdate: November 1, 1957
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Warrington
 50 
Regina Benjamin
(Surgeon General of the United States)
Regina Benjamin
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Birthdate: October 26, 1956
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mobile, Alabama, United States

Famed for her dedicated service to underserved community in Bayou La Batre, Alabama, American physician Regina Mercia Benjamin held several important positions including that of the 18th Surgeon General of the United States. Throughout her career, she worked for the disadvantaged people, focusing on preventive health measures, mortgaging her home to rebuild Bayou La Batre Health Clinic after Hurricane Katrina.

Throughout history, there have been many women physicians who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female physicians such as Maria Montessori, Elizabeth Blackwell, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Mae Jemison, Mary Edwards Walker.The women physicians featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.