When we talk of famous nurses, Florence Nightingale is undoubtedly the first name that comes to mind. Popularly known as the “The Lady with the Lamp”, she went beyond the call of duty while tending to wounded soldiers during the Crimean War. Another nurse who received praise for her wartime work is Clara Barton who served as a hospital nurse in the American Civil War and was actively involved in humanitarian work. Well known for her role as a birth control activist and sex educator, American nurse Margaret Higgins Sanger opened the first birth control clinic in the United States. Nurses throughout history have played a pivotal role in bringing about a difference in not just the lives of individual patients, but in promoting major social changes. When Mary Eliza Mahoney, a black woman, became a professionally qualified nurse in the United States in the late 19th century, she challenged professional discrimination against African Americans. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous nurses from all over the globe.