List of famous people of the 18th century who changed the world with their great deeds. Check out their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

There were many people born in the 18th century who went ahead to change the world in radical ways. The 18th century was a politically tumultuous period in several parts of the world, especially in Europe, Asia, and America. Marked by major revolutions across the globe including the French and the American revolutions, the period witnessed the birth of some truly great men and women from all over the world. Maximilien Robespierre was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. The century also saw the birth of George Washington who later became the first President of the United States. The world of music and arts was also revolutionized by the likes of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, François Boucher, and the likes. The great mathematician Leonhard Euler and the innovator James Watt also made major contributions to the world in this era. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, is another major 18th century figure. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 18th century.
George WashingtonGeorge Washington
(First U.S. President)

22 February 1732

14 December 1799

Westmoreland County, Virginia, United States

American

Pisces

Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
(Founding Father of the United States)

17 January 1706

17 April 1790

Boston, Massachusetts Bay

American

Capricorn

Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton
(Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury)

11 January 1755

12 July 1804

Nevis, British West Indies

American

Capricorn

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
(Political Philosopher & the third President of America)

13 April 1743

04 July 1826

Shadwell

American

Aries

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
(Composer)

27 January 1756

05 December 1791

Salzburg

Austrian

Aquarius

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
(Composer)

16 December 1770

26 March 1827

Bonn, Germany

German

Sagittarius

Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson
(7th President of the United States)

15 March 1767

08 June 1845

Waxhaws

American

Pisces

James MadisonJames Madison
(President of the U.S.A)

16 March 1751

28 June 1836

Port Conway

American

Pisces

Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
(Philosopher)

22 April 1724

12 February 1804

Königsberg, Germany

German

Taurus

John AdamsJohn Adams
(2nd U.S. President)

30 October 1735

04 July 1826

Braintree

American

Scorpio

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette

02 November 1755

16 October 1793

Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria

Austrian,French

Scorpio

VoltaireVoltaire
(Writer)

21 November 1694

30 May 1778

Paris

French

Scorpio

Tipu SultanTipu Sultan
(Ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore)

20 November 1750

04 May 1799

Devanahalli

Indian

Scorpio

Adam SmithAdam Smith
(Economist and Philosopher)

16 June 1723

17 July 1790

Kirkcaldy, Scotland

Scottish,Welsh

Gemini

George III of the United KingdomGeorge III of the United Kingdom
(King)

04 June 1738

29 January 1820

Norfolk House

British

Gemini

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
(Philosopher, Writer, & Composer)

28 June 1712

02 July 1778

Geneva

Swiss,French

Cancer

Jane AustenJane Austen
(Novelist)

16 December 1775

18 July 1817

Steventon Rectory, Hampshire, England

British

Sagittarius

ShakaShaka
(Zulu Emperor)

1787 AD

22 September 1828

KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

South African

Aaron BurrAaron Burr
(3rd Vice President of United States)

06 February 1756

14 September 1836

Newark

American

Aquarius

Louis XVI of FranceLouis XVI of France
(King of France)

23 August 1754

21 January 1793

Palace of Versailles

French

Leo

Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
(Physicist & Chemist)

22 September 1791

25 August 1867

Newington Butts

British

Virgo

Catherine the GreatCatherine the Great
(Empress of Russia)

02 May 1729

17 November 1796

Szczecin, Poland

Russian

Taurus

William BlakeWilliam Blake
(Painter)

28 November 1757

12 August 1827

Soho

British

Sagittarius

James CookJames Cook
(Explorer & Navigator)

07 November 1728

14 February 1779

Marton, England

British

Scorpio

Benedict ArnoldBenedict Arnold
(American Revolutionary War General)

14 January 1741

14 June 1801

Norwich

British

Capricorn

John Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams

11 July 1767

23 February 1848

Braintree

American

Cancer

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
(Father of the computer)

26 December 1791

18 October 1871

London

British

Capricorn

Thomas PaineThomas Paine

29 January 1737

08 June 1809

Thetford, Norfolk, Great Britain

British,American

Aquarius

David HumeDavid Hume
(Philosopher & Historian)

26 April 1711

25 August 1776

Edinburgh, Scotland, Great Britain

British,Scottish

Taurus

William WordsworthWilliam Wordsworth
(Poet)

07 April 1770

23 April 1850

Kingdom of Great Britain

British

Aries

John DaltonJohn Dalton

06 September 1766

27 July 1844

Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England

British

Virgo

Junípero SerraJunípero Serra
(Franciscan Priest)

24 November 1713

28 August 1784

Petra, Majorca

Spanish

Sagittarius

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
(Poet)

28 August 1749

22 March 1832

Frankfurt

German

Virgo

William Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison

09 February 1773

04 April 1841

Charles City County

American

Aquarius

Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
(Composer)

31 March 1732

31 May 1809

Rohrau, Austria

Austrian

Aries

James BuchananJames Buchanan

23 April 1791

01 June 1868

Cove Gap

American

Taurus

J. M. W. TurnerJ. M. W. Turner
(Romanticist landscape painter)

23 April 1775

19 December 1851

Covent Garden

British

Taurus

George Frideric HandelGeorge Frideric Handel
(Composer)

23 February 1685

14 April 1759

Halle, Germany

German,British

Pisces

Mary ShelleyMary Shelley
(Novelist)

30 August 1797

01 February 1851

Somers Town, London

British

Virgo

Martin Van BurenMartin Van Buren

05 December 1782

24 July 1862

Kinderhook

American

Sagittarius

Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
(Mathematician, Physicist)

15 April 1707

18 September 1783

Basel

Swiss,Russian

Aries

Samuel JohnsonSamuel Johnson
(Writer)

18 September 1709

13 December 1784

Lichfield, United Kingdom

British,Welsh

Virgo

Paul ReverePaul Revere
(Revolutionary)

01 January 1735

10 May 1818

North End

American

Capricorn

Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya
(Painters)

30 March 1746

16 April 1828

Fuendetodos

Spanish

Aries

James K. PolkJames K. Polk

02 November 1795

15 June 1849

Pineville

American

Scorpio

Baji Rao IBaji Rao I
(Peshwa of Maratha Empire)

18 August 1700

28 April 1740

Indian

Leo

William IV of the United KingdomWilliam IV of the United Kingdom
(King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover)

21 August 1765

20 June 1837

Buckingham Palace

British

Leo

James MonroeJames Monroe

28 April 1758

04 July 1831

American

Taurus

William WilberforceWilliam Wilberforce
(Abolitionist)

24 August 1759

29 July 1833

Kingston upon Hull

British

Virgo

Frederick the GreatFrederick The Great
(King of Prussia)

24 January 1712

17 August 1786

Berlin

German

Aquarius

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
(Philosopher)

18 January 1689

10 February 1755

Château de la Brède, La Brède, Aquitaine, France

French

Capricorn

Zachary TaylorZachary Taylor
(Military Leader and the 12th President of United States)

24 November 1784

09 July 1850

Barboursville, Virginia, U.S.

American

Sagittarius

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
(Philosopher)

15 February 1748

06 June 1832

Spitalfields

British

Aquarius

Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade
(Erotic Novelist)

02 June 1740

02 December 1814

Paris

French

Gemini

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
(Philosopher)

22 February 1788

21 September 1860

Gdańsk

German

Pisces

Samuel AdamsSamuel Adams
(Founding Father of the United States)

27 September 1722

02 October 1803

Boston, Massachusetts, United States

American

Libra

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
(Statesman)

12 January 1729

09 July 1797

Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Irish,British

Capricorn

John C. CalhounJohn C. Calhoun
(7th Vice President of the U.S.A)

18 March 1782

31 March 1850

Abbeville

American

Pisces

Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus
(Botanist)

23 May 1707

10 January 1778

Råshult

Swedish

Gemini

John KeatsJohn Keats
(Romantic poet)

31 October 1795

23 February 1821

Moorgate

British

Scorpio

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
(Chemist)

26 August 1743

08 May 1794

Paris

French

Virgo

John TylerJohn Tyler

29 March 1790

18 January 1862

Charles City County

American

Aries

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
(Philosopher, Philosophy Historian)

27 August 1770

14 November 1831

Stuttgart, Duchy of Württemberg, Germany

German

Virgo

James WattJames Watt
(Inventor of Steam Engine)

19 January 1736

25 August 1819

Greenock, Renfrewshire, Scotland

Scottish

Capricorn

Thomas Robert MalthusThomas Robert Malthus
(Political Economist)

13 February 1766

23 December 1834

Surrey, England

British

Aquarius

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
(Writer)

27 April 1759

10 September 1797

Spitalfields

British

Taurus

Henry ClayHenry Clay
(Political Leader)

12 April 1777

29 June 1852

Hanover County, Virginia, United States

American

Aries

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of WellingtonArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
(Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United Kingdom)

01 May 1769

14 September 1852

Dublin

British

Taurus

Washington IrwingWashington Irving
(Author, Historian, Diplomat)

03 April 1783

28 November 1859

New York City, New York

American

Aries

Cornelius VanderbiltCornelius Vanderbilt
(Business Tycoon & Philanthropist)

27 May 1794

04 January 1877

Staten Island

American

Gemini

Daniel BooneDaniel Boone
(Pioneer)

22 October 1734

26 September 1820

Daniel Boone Homestead

American

Libra

Davy CrockettDavy Crockett

17 August 1786

06 March 1836

Greene County

American

Leo

John HancockJohn Hancock
(Former President of the Continental Congress)

23 January 1737

08 October 1793

Quincy, Province of Massachusetts Bay

American

Aquarius

SacagaweaSacagawea
(Interpreter)

1788 AD

1812 AD

Salmon

American

Patrick HenryPatrick Henry
(5th & 6th Governor of Virginia, Orator, Revolutionary leader, Prominent promoter of American Revolution and Independence)

29 May 1736

06 June 1799

Hanover County, Virginia

American

Gemini

John MarshallJohn Marshall
(Former Chief Justice)

24 September 1755

06 July 1835

Germantown

American

Libra

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
(Queen regnant)

13 May 1717

29 November 1780

Hofburg Palace

Austrian

Taurus

John WesleyJohn Wesley
(Anglican Cleric and Christian Theologian)

17 June 1703

02 March 1791

Epworth, Lincolnshire

British

Gemini

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-StrelitzCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland)

19 May 1744

17 November 1818

Mirow, Germany

British

Taurus

Maharaja Ranjit SinghMaharaja Ranjit Singh
(Founder of the Sikh Empire)

13 November 1780

27 June 1839

Gujranwala

Indian

Scorpio

Alexander von HumboldtAlexander von Humboldt
(Geographer)

14 September 1769

06 May 1859

Berlin

German

Virgo

Abigail AdamsAbigail Adams
(Second First Lady of the United States)

11 November 1744

28 October 1818

Greenville

American

Scorpio

TecumsehTecumseh
(Native American Leader)

29 February 1768

05 October 1813

Scioto River, near Chillicothe, Ohio

American

Pisces

Samuel MorseSamuel Morse
(Painter)

27 April 1791

02 April 1872

Charlestown, Boston

American

Taurus

Toussaint Louverture Toussaint Louverture
(Leader of the Haitian Revolution)

20 May 1743

07 April 1803

Saint-Dominigue (present day Haiti)

French

Taurus

Hans Christian ØrstedHans Christian Ørsted
(Physicist)

14 August 1777

09 March 1851

Rudkøbing

Danish

Leo

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon Bonaparte
(Emperor of the French)

15 August 1769

05 May 1821

Ajaccio

French

Leo

Angelica Schuyler ChurchAngelica Schuyler Church
(Daughter of Continental Army General Philip Schuyler)

20 February 1756

13 March 1814

Albany, New York, United States

American

Pisces

Sojourner TruthSojourner Truth
(American women's rights activist)

01 December 1797

26 November 1883

Swartekill, New York

American

Sagittarius

Sam HoustonSam Houston
(Former Governor of Texas)

02 March 1793

26 July 1863

Rockbridge County, Virginia

American

Pisces

Daniel WebsterDaniel Webster
(Former United States Senator)

18 January 1782

24 October 1852

Salisbury, New Hampshire, United States

American

Capricorn

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte

19 January 1798

05 September 1857

Montpellier, France

French

Capricorn

Giacomo CasanovaGiacomo Casanova
(Womanizer)

02 April 1725

04 June 1798

Venice, Italy

Italian

Aries

Robert BurnsRobert Burns
(Poet and Lyricist)

25 January 1759

21 July 1796

Ayrshire, Scotland, United Kingdom

British,Scottish

Aquarius

John Paul JonesJohn Paul Jones
(Scottish American Sailor)

06 July 1747

18 July 1792

Kirkcudbrightshire

American

Cancer

Niccolo PaganiniNiccolo Paganini
(Violinist)

27 October 1782

27 May 1840

Genoa

Italian

Scorpio

Paul I of RussiaPaul I of Russia
(Russian Emperor (1796-1801))

01 October 1754

23 March 1801

St Petersburg, Russia

Russian

Libra

Louis XVIII of FranceLouis XVIII of France
(King of France)

17 November 1755

16 September 1824

Paris

French

Scorpio

Jacques-Louis DavidJacques-Louis David
(Neoclassical Style Painter)

30 August 1748

29 December 1825

Paris

French

Virgo

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