There were many people born in the 18th century who went ahead to change the world in radical ways. The 18th century was a politically tumultuous period in several parts of the world, especially in Europe, Asia, and America. Marked by major revolutions across the globe including the French and the American revolutions, the period witnessed the birth of some truly great men and women from all over the world. Maximilien Robespierre was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. The century also saw the birth of George Washington who later became the first President of the United States. The world of music and arts was also revolutionized by the likes of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, François Boucher, and the likes. The great mathematician Leonhard Euler and the innovator James Watt also made major contributions to the world in this era. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, is another major 18th century figure. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 18th century.
Catherine the GreatCatherine the Great
02 May 1729, Russian
Empress of Russia
George WashingtonGeorge Washington
22 February 1732, American
First U.S. President

Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton
11 January 1755, Saint Kitts And Nevis, American
Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S.

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-StrelitzCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
19 May 1744, British
Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon Bonaparte
15 August 1769, French
Emperor of the French

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
13 April 1743, American
3rd U.S. President
Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
17 January 1706, British, American
Founding Father of the United States

Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan

John AdamsJohn Adams
30 October 1735, American
2nd U.S. President
Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
27 January 1756, Austrian
Composer

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
16 December 1770, Austrian, German
Composer
Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
02 November 1755, Austrian, French
Queen of France

BlackbeardBlackbeard
 , British
Pirate

William IV of the United KingdomWilliam IV of the United Kingdom
21 August 1765, British
King of the United Kingdom

George IV of the United KingdomGeorge IV of the United Kingdom
12 August 1762, British
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Aaron BurrAaron Burr
06 February 1756, American
3rd Vice President of United States
George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain

William Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison
09 February 1773, American
 

Jane AustenJane Austen
16 December 1775, British
Novelist

Peter III of RussiaPeter III of Russia
21 February 1728, Russian
Emperor of Russia
George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland

James BuchananJames Buchanan
23 April 1791, American
15th U.S. President
John Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams
11 July 1767, American
 

James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States

George III of the United KingdomGeorge III of the United Kingdom
04 June 1738, British
King
Benedict ArnoldBenedict Arnold
14 January 1741, British
American Revolutionary War General

John TylerJohn Tyler
29 March 1790, American
10th U.S. President
Zachary TaylorZachary Taylor
24 November 1784, American
Military Leader and the 12th President of United

James CookJames Cook
27 October 1728, British
Explorer & Navigator

Mary ShelleyMary Shelley
30 August 1797, British
Novelist
Martin Van BurenMartin Van Buren
05 December 1782, American
 

Continue Reading Below
VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724, German
Philosopher

Elizabeth Schuyler HamiltonElizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
09 August 1757, American
Alexander Hamilton's Wife

William WordsworthWilliam Wordsworth
07 April 1770, British
Poet

Charles Edward StuartCharles Edward Stuart
31 December 1720, British
Military Leader
James K. PolkJames K. Polk
02 November 1795, American
 
Charles VaneCharles Vane
1680 AD, British
Pirate

Maximilien de RobespierreMaximilien de Robespierre
06 May 1758, French
Influential Figure of the French Revolution

Robert BurnsRobert Burns
25 January 1759, Scottish
Poet and Lyricist

Adam SmithAdam Smith
16 June 1723, Scottish
Economist and Philosopher
Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer

Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade
02 June 1740, French
Erotic Novelist

Davy CrockettDavy Crockett
17 August 1786, American
 

James MonroeJames Monroe
28 April 1758, American
Fifth President of the USA

Marquis de LafayetteMarquis de Lafayette
06 September 1757, French
French Aristocrat and Military Leader
William BlakeWilliam Blake
28 November 1757, British
Painter

Benjamin HornigoldBenjamin Hornigold
1680 AD, British
Pirate
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of WellingtonArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
01 May 1769, British
Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United

John C. CalhounJohn C. Calhoun
18 March 1782, American
7th Vice President of the U.S.A

Simon BolivarSimon Bolivar
24 July 1783, Venezuelan
Revolutionary & Military Leader
P B ShelleyP B Shelley
04 August 1792, British
Poet

Paul I of RussiaPaul I of Russia
01 October 1754, Russian
Russian Emperor (1796-1801)
John KeatsJohn Keats
31 October 1795, British
Romantic poet

Horatio NelsonHoratio Nelson
29 September 1758, British
Admiral

Thomas PaineThomas Paine
29 January 1737, British, American
Founding Father of the United States

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
28 August 1749, German
Poet

Frederick the GreatFrederick The Great
24 January 1712, German
King of Prussia
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France

Sojourner TruthSojourner Truth
01 December 1797, American
American women's rights activist

Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus
23 May 1707, Swedish
Botanist
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791, British
Physicist & Chemist

Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
31 March 1732, Austrian
Composer
SacagaweaSacagawea
1788 AD, American
Interpreter

John FranklinJohn Franklin
16 April 1786, British
Explorer

Sally HemingsSally Hemings
1773 AD, American
Thomas Jefferson’s Slave
Elizabeth of RussiaElizabeth of Russia
29 December 1709, Russian
Empress of Russia

Raja Ram Mohan RoyRaja Ram Mohan Roy
22 May 1772, Indian
socio-religious reformer
Cornelius VanderbiltCornelius Vanderbilt
27 May 1794, American
Business Tycoon & Philanthropist

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788, German
Philosopher

Sam HoustonSam Houston
02 March 1793, American
Former Governor of Texas
Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya
30 March 1746, Spanish
Painters

Catherine I of RussiaCatherine I of Russia
15 April 1684, Russian
Empress of Russia
Delphine LaLaurieDelphine LaLaurie
19 March 1787, French
Socialite

Tipu SultanTipu Sultan
20 November 1750, Indian
Ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791, British
Father of the computer

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
13 May 1717, Austrian
Queen regnant
ShakaShaka
1787 AD, South African
Zulu Emperor
Thaddeus StevensThaddeus Stevens
04 April 1792, American
Former United States Representative

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759, British
Writer

Daniel BooneDaniel Boone
22 October 1734, American
Pioneer

Abigail AdamsAbigail Adams
11 November 1744, American
Second First Lady of the United States
William WilberforceWilliam Wilberforce
24 August 1759, British
Abolitionist

David HumeDavid Hume
26 April 1711, Scottish
Philosopher & Historian

Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707, Swiss, Russian
Mathematician, Physicist

Franz Peter Schubert Franz Peter Schubert
31 January 1797, Austrian
Composer

Philip HamiltonPhilip Hamilton
22 January 1782, American
Alexander Hamilton's Son
Edward JennerEdward Jenner
17 May 1749, British
Physicians

Paul ReverePaul Revere
01 January 1735, American
Revolutionary
Maharaja Ranjit SinghMaharaja Ranjit Singh
13 November 1780, Indian
Founder of the Sikh Empire

George Frideric HandelGeorge Frideric Handel
23 February 1685, German, British
Composer
Qianlong EmperorQianlong Emperor
25 September 1711, Chinese
Emperor of China
Martha WashingtonMartha Washington
02 June 1731, American