There were many people born in the 18th century who went ahead to change the world in radical ways. The 18th century was a politically tumultuous period in several parts of the world, especially in Europe, Asia, and America. Marked by major revolutions across the globe including the French and the American revolutions, the period witnessed the birth of some truly great men and women from all over the world. Maximilien Robespierre was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. The century also saw the birth of George Washington who later became the first President of the United States. The world of music and arts was also revolutionized by the likes of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, François Boucher, and the likes. The great mathematician Leonhard Euler and the innovator James Watt also made major contributions to the world in this era. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, is another major 18th century figure. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 18th century.
Catherine the GreatCatherine the Great
02 May 1729, Russian
Empress of Russia
Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan

Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton
11 January 1755, Saint Kitts And Nevis, American
Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S.

George WashingtonGeorge Washington
22 February 1732, American
First U.S. President

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
02 November 1755, Austrian, French
 

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
13 April 1743, American
3rd U.S. President
Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
17 January 1706, British, American
Founding Father of the United States

Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
16 December 1770, Austrian, German
Composer

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
27 January 1756, Austrian
Composer
Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson
15 March 1767, American
7th President of the United States

John AdamsJohn Adams
30 October 1735, American
2nd U.S. President
Jane AustenJane Austen
16 December 1775, British
Novelist

George III of the United KingdomGeorge III of the United Kingdom
04 June 1738, British
King

William IV of the United KingdomWilliam IV of the United Kingdom
21 August 1765, British
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Louis XVI of FranceLouis XVI of France
23 August 1754, French
King of France

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain
Mary ShelleyMary Shelley
30 August 1797, British
Novelist

Aaron BurrAaron Burr
06 February 1756, American
3rd Vice President of United States

Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724, German
Philosopher
George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland

James CookJames Cook
27 October 1728, British
Explorer & Navigator
James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States

John Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams
11 July 1767, American
 

Adam SmithAdam Smith
16 June 1723, Scottish
Economist and Philosopher

BlackbeardBlackbeard
 , British
Pirate
Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer
VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Benedict ArnoldBenedict Arnold
14 January 1741, British
American Revolutionary War General

William BlakeWilliam Blake
28 November 1757, British
Painter

William Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison
09 February 1773, American
 
Tipu SultanTipu Sultan
20 November 1750, Indian
Ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore

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James BuchananJames Buchanan
23 April 1791, American
15th U.S. President

Charles Edward StuartCharles Edward Stuart
31 December 1720, British
Military Leader

William WordsworthWilliam Wordsworth
07 April 1770, British
Poet

Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus
23 May 1707, Swedish
Botanist
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791, British
Physicist & Chemist

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
28 August 1749, German
Poet
George IV of the United KingdomGeorge IV of the United Kingdom
12 August 1762, British
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Peter III of RussiaPeter III of Russia
21 February 1728, Russian
Emperor of Russia

John TylerJohn Tyler
29 March 1790, American
10th U.S. President
Davy CrockettDavy Crockett
17 August 1786, American
 

Elizabeth Schuyler HamiltonElizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
09 August 1757, American
Alexander Hamilton's Wife
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-StrelitzCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
19 May 1744, British
Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of WellingtonArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
01 May 1769, British
Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791, British
Father of the computer

Louis XV of FranceLouis XV of France
15 February 1710, French
King of France

David HumeDavid Hume
26 April 1711, Scottish
Philosopher & Historian
Martin Van BurenMartin Van Buren
05 December 1782, American
 

Zachary TaylorZachary Taylor
24 November 1784, American
Military Leader and the 12th President of United

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade
02 June 1740, French
Erotic Novelist
Paul ReverePaul Revere
01 January 1735, American
Revolutionary

Cornelius VanderbiltCornelius Vanderbilt
27 May 1794, American
Business Tycoon & Philanthropist
Thomas PaineThomas Paine
29 January 1737, British, American
Founding Father of the United States

John KeatsJohn Keats
31 October 1795, British
Romantic poet

Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707, Swiss, Russian
Mathematician, Physicist
James K. PolkJames K. Polk
02 November 1795, American
 

James MonroeJames Monroe
28 April 1758, American
Fifth President of the USA
Sarah Churchill, Duchess of MarlboroughSarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
05 June 1660, British
Close Friend of Queen Anne

Paul I of RussiaPaul I of Russia
01 October 1754, Russian
Russian Emperor (1796-1801)

Sally HemingsSally Hemings
1773 AD, American
Thomas Jefferson’s Slave
Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788, German
Philosopher

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
13 May 1717, Austrian
Queen regnant
Delphine LaLaurieDelphine LaLaurie
19 March 1787, French
Socialite

Daniel BooneDaniel Boone
22 October 1734, American
Pioneer

Princess Beatrice of the United KingdomPrincess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
14 April 1857, British
Youngest Child of Queen Victoria

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759, British
Writer
Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
31 March 1732, Austrian
Composer
ShakaShaka
1787 AD, South African
Zulu Emperor

Baji Rao IBaji Rao I
18 August 1700, Indian
Peshwa of Maratha Empire

George Frideric HandelGeorge Frideric Handel
23 February 1685, German, British
Composer

Samuel AdamsSamuel Adams
27 September 1722, American
Founding Father of the United States
William WilberforceWilliam Wilberforce
24 August 1759, British
Abolitionist

John WesleyJohn Wesley
17 June 1703, British
Anglican Cleric and Christian Theologian

John DaltonJohn Dalton
06 September 1766, British
 

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748, British
Philosopher

John Paul JonesJohn Paul Jones
06 July 1747, American
Scottish American Sailor
Bahadur Shah ZafarBahadur Shah Zafar
24 October 1775, Indian
Last Mughal Emperor

SacagaweaSacagawea
1788 AD, American
Interpreter
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

John C. CalhounJohn C. Calhoun
18 March 1782, American
7th Vice President of the U.S.A

Elizabeth of RussiaElizabeth of Russia
29 December 1709, Russian
Empress of Russia
Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
26 August 1743, French
Chemist

Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de MaintenonFrançoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon
27 November 1635, French
Louis XIV of France's Wife
J. M. W. TurnerJ. M. W. Turner
23 April 1775, British
Romanticist landscape painter

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729, Irish, British
Statesman

Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya
30 March 1746, Spanish
Painters

Sam HoustonSam Houston
02 March 1793, American
Former Governor of Texas
Abigail Masham, Baroness MashamAbigail Masham, Baroness Masham
1670 AD, British
Courtier

John HancockJohn Hancock
23 January 1737, American
Former President of the Continental Congress
Samuel JohnsonSamuel Johnson
18 September 1709, British
Writer

Giacomo CasanovaGiacomo Casanova
02 April 1725, Italian
Womanizer
William Pitt the YoungerWilliam Pitt the Younger
28 May 1759, British
Youngest Prime Minister of Britain

Alexander von HumboldtAlexander von Humboldt
14 September 1769, German
Geographer
Robert BurnsRobert Burns
25 January 1759, Scottish
Poet and Lyricist