There were many people born in the 18th century who went ahead to change the world in radical ways. The 18th century was a politically tumultuous period in several parts of the world, especially in Europe, Asia, and America. Marked by major revolutions across the globe including the French and the American revolutions, the period witnessed the birth of some truly great men and women from all over the world. Maximilien Robespierre was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. The century also saw the birth of George Washington who later became the first President of the United States. The world of music and arts was also revolutionized by the likes of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, François Boucher, and the likes. The great mathematician Leonhard Euler and the innovator James Watt also made major contributions to the world in this era. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, is another major 18th century figure. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 18th century.
Catherine the GreatCatherine the Great
02 May 1729, Russian
Empress of Russia
George WashingtonGeorge Washington
22 February 1732, American
First U.S. President

Peter III of RussiaPeter III of Russia
21 February 1728, Russian
Emperor of Russia

Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton
11 January 1755, Saint Kitts And Nevis, American
Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S.

Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
17 January 1706, British, American
Founding Father of the United States

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
16 December 1770, Austrian, German
Composer
Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
13 April 1743, American
3rd U.S. President

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
27 January 1756, Austrian
Composer
George III of the United KingdomGeorge III of the United Kingdom
04 June 1738, British
King

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
02 November 1755, Austrian, French
Queen of France
Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France

Jane AustenJane Austen
16 December 1775, British
Novelist

John AdamsJohn Adams
30 October 1735, American
2nd U.S. President

William IV of the United KingdomWilliam IV of the United Kingdom
21 August 1765, British
King of the United Kingdom

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain
George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland

Paul I of RussiaPaul I of Russia
01 October 1754, Russian
Russian Emperor (1796-1801)

John Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams
11 July 1767, American
 

Louis XVI of FranceLouis XVI of France
23 August 1754, French
King of France
BlackbeardBlackbeard
 , British
Pirate

William Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison
09 February 1773, American
 
Mary ShelleyMary Shelley
30 August 1797, British
Novelist

James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States

James BuchananJames Buchanan
23 April 1791, American
15th U.S. President
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724, German
Philosopher

James CookJames Cook
27 October 1728, British
Explorer & Navigator
Aaron BurrAaron Burr
06 February 1756, American
3rd Vice President of United States

Benedict ArnoldBenedict Arnold
14 January 1741, British
American Revolutionary War General

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer
Charles Edward StuartCharles Edward Stuart
31 December 1720, British
Military Leader

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Elizabeth of RussiaElizabeth of Russia
29 December 1709, Russian
Empress of Russia
William WordsworthWilliam Wordsworth
07 April 1770, British
Poet

Adam SmithAdam Smith
16 June 1723, Scottish
Economist and Philosopher

John TylerJohn Tyler
29 March 1790, American
10th U.S. President

Zachary TaylorZachary Taylor
24 November 1784, American
Military Leader and the 12th President of United
Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer
Davy CrockettDavy Crockett
17 August 1786, American
 

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of WellingtonArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
01 May 1769, British
Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United

Martin Van BurenMartin Van Buren
05 December 1782, American
 

William BlakeWilliam Blake
28 November 1757, British
Painter
Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus
23 May 1707, Swedish
Botanist

Tipu SultanTipu Sultan
20 November 1750, Indian
Ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore

Catherine I of RussiaCatherine I of Russia
15 April 1684, Russian
Empress of Russia

George IV of the United KingdomGeorge IV of the United Kingdom
12 August 1762, British
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

James K. PolkJames K. Polk
02 November 1795, American
 
Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
28 August 1749, German
Poet

William WilberforceWilliam Wilberforce
24 August 1759, British
Abolitionist
Edward JennerEdward Jenner
17 May 1749, British
Physicians

Louis XV of FranceLouis XV of France
15 February 1710, French
King of France

Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade
02 June 1740, French
Erotic Novelist
Baji Rao IBaji Rao I
18 August 1700, Indian
Peshwa of Maratha Empire

James MonroeJames Monroe
28 April 1758, American
Fifth President of the USA
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

Cornelius VanderbiltCornelius Vanderbilt
27 May 1794, American
Business Tycoon & Philanthropist

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788, German
Philosopher

Daniel BooneDaniel Boone
22 October 1734, American
Pioneer

David HumeDavid Hume
26 April 1711, Scottish
Philosopher & Historian
SacagaweaSacagawea
1788 AD, American
Interpreter

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
13 May 1717, Austrian
Queen regnant

John KeatsJohn Keats
31 October 1795, British
Romantic poet

Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791, British
Physicist & Chemist
Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707, Swiss, Russian
Mathematician, Physicist

Sam HoustonSam Houston
02 March 1793, American
Former Governor of Texas
Thomas PaineThomas Paine
29 January 1737, British, American
Founding Father of the United States

Paul ReverePaul Revere
01 January 1735, American
Revolutionary

J. M. W. TurnerJ. M. W. Turner
23 April 1775, British
Romanticist landscape painter
Ivan VI of RussiaIvan VI of Russia
23 August 1740, Russian
Emperor of Russia

George Frideric HandelGeorge Frideric Handel
23 February 1685, German, British
Composer
Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791, British
Father of the computer

Sally HemingsSally Hemings
1773 AD, American
Thomas Jefferson’s Slave

ShakaShaka
1787 AD, South African
Zulu Emperor
Balaji Baji RaoBalaji Baji Rao
08 December 1720, Indian
Maratha Peshwa

Elizabeth Schuyler HamiltonElizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
09 August 1757, American
Alexander Hamilton's Wife
Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
31 March 1732, Austrian
Composer

Peter II of RussiaPeter II of Russia
23 October 1715, Russian
Emperor of Russia

Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya
30 March 1746, Spanish
Painters

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759, British
Writer
Qianlong EmperorQianlong Emperor
25 September 1711, Chinese
Emperor of China
Delphine LaLaurieDelphine LaLaurie
19 March 1787, French
Socialite

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729, Irish, British
Statesman

Samuel MorseSamuel Morse
27 April 1791, American
Painter

John C. CalhounJohn C. Calhoun
18 March 1782, American
7th Vice President of the U.S.A
Giacomo CasanovaGiacomo Casanova
02 April 1725, Italian
Womanizer

William HogarthWilliam Hogarth
10 November 1697, British
Painter

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748, British
Philosopher

Johns HopkinsJohns Hopkins
19 May 1795, American
Entrepreneur & Philanthropist

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-StrelitzCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
19 May 1744, British
Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland
Thomas Robert MalthusThomas Robert Malthus
13 February 1766, British
Political Economist

Abigail AdamsAbigail Adams
11 November 1744, American
Second First Lady of the United States
Sojourner TruthSojourner Truth
01 December 1797, American
American women's rights activist

Samuel AdamsSamuel Adams
27 September 1722, American
Founding Father of the United States
Samuel JohnsonSamuel Johnson
18 September 1709, British
Writer
Chief SeattleChief Seattle
1780 AD, American