Famous People Of The 18th Century

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There were many people born in the 18th century who went ahead to change the world in radical ways. The 18th century was a politically tumultuous period in several parts of the world, especially in Europe, Asia, and America. Marked by major revolutions across the globe including the French and the American revolutions, the period witnessed the birth of some truly great men and women from all over the world. Maximilien Robespierre was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. The century also saw the birth of George Washington who later became the first President of the United States. The world of music and arts was also revolutionized by the likes of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, François Boucher, and the likes. The great mathematician Leonhard Euler and the innovator James Watt also made major contributions to the world in this era. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, is another major 18th century figure. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 18th century.
Vote for Your Favourite People Of The 18th Century
 1 
George Washington
(1st President of the United States (1789 - 1797))
George Washington
105
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 2, 1732
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Westmoreland County, Virginia, United States
Died: December 14, 1799
 2 
Alexander Hamilton
(American Revolutionary and Founding Father of the United States)
Alexander Hamilton
76
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Died: July 12, 1804
 3 
Isaac Newton
(Formulated the Laws of Motion & Universal Gravitation)
Isaac Newton
82
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: January 4, 1643
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lincolnshire, England
Died: March 31, 1727
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 4 
Thomas Jefferson
(3rd President of the United States)
Thomas Jefferson
49
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1826
 5 
Benjamin Franklin
(One of the Founding Fathers of the United States)
Benjamin Franklin
48
Birthdate: January 17, 1706
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 17, 1790
 6 
Napoleon Bonaparte
(Emperor of the French (1804-1814))
Napoleon Bonaparte
94
Birthdate: August 15, 1769
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ajaccio, France
Died: May 5, 1821
Height: 5'6" (168 cm)
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 7 
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
(One of the Greatest Composers in the History of Western Music)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
60
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 27, 1756
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Died: December 5, 1791
 8 
Ludwig van Beethoven
(One of the Most Admired Composers and Pianists in the History of Western Music)
Ludwig van Beethoven
32
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: December 17, 1770
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bonn, Germany
Died: March 26, 1827
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 9 
Marie Antoinette
(Former Queen Consort of France (1774 - 1792))
Marie Antoinette
31
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793
 10 
John Adams
(2nd President of United States (1797-1801))
John Adams
32
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 30, 1735
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Braintree, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 4, 1826
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)
 11 
Jane Austen
(Novelist)
Jane Austen
26
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 16, 1775
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hampshire, England
Died: July 18, 1817
Height: 5'8" (173 cm)
 12 
Catherine the Great
(Former Empress of Russia (1762 – 1796))
Catherine the Great
52
Birthdate: May 2, 1729
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pomeranian Dukes' Castle in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
Died: November 17, 1796
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 13 
Blackbeard
(One of History’s Most Famous Pirates Who Became an Imposing Figure in American Folklore)
Blackbeard
24
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 1680 AD
Birthplace: Bristol, England, United Kingdom
Died: November 22, 1718
Height: 6'5" (196 cm)
 14 
Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
(American Socialite, Philanthropist and Co-Founder of the Private Orphanage ‘Graham Windham’)
Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
17
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 9, 1757
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: November 9, 1854
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 15 
James Madison
(4th President of The United States)
James Madison
17
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 16, 1751
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Port Conway, Virginia, United States
Died: June 28, 1836
 16 
Johann Sebastian Bach
(One of the Greatest Composers of All Time)
Johann Sebastian Bach
13
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 31, 1685
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Eisenach, Germany
Died: July 28, 1750
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 17 
John Locke
(Philosopher)
John Locke
23
Birthdate: August 29, 1632
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wrington, Somerset, England
Died: October 28, 1704
 18 
Andrew Jackson
(President of the United States (1829 – 1837))
Andrew Jackson
16
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 15, 1767
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Waxhaws
Died: June 8, 1845
 19 
James Cook
(Explorer)
James Cook
44
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 7, 1728
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Marton, England
Died: February 14, 1779
 20 
William Wordsworth
54
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 7, 1770
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kingdom of Great Britain
Died: April 23, 1850
 21 
Aaron Burr
(3rd Vice President of United States)
Aaron Burr
20
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 6, 1756
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Newark, New Jersey, United States
Died: September 14, 1836
Height: 5'6" (168 cm)
 22 
Voltaire
(French Historian and Philosopher Known for His Wit and His Pointed Social Critique)
Voltaire
10
Birthdate: November 21, 1694
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 30, 1778
 23 
Davy Crockett
(U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee (1827-31, 1833-35))
Davy Crockett
18
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 17, 1786
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Limestone, Tennessee, United States
Died: March 6, 1836
 24 
Marquis de Lafayette
(Aristocrat and Military Leader)
Marquis de Lafayette
13
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 6, 1757
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chavaniac-Lafayette, France
Died: May 20, 1834
 25 
Simon Bolivar
(Revolutionary & Military Leader)
Simon Bolivar
25
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 24, 1783
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: December 17, 1830
 26 
Adam Smith
(Economist)
Adam Smith
25
Birthdate: June 5, 1723
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland
Died: July 17, 1790
 27 
Immanuel Kant
(One of the Greatest Philosophers of All Time)
Immanuel Kant
9
Birthdate: April 22, 1724
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Königsberg, Germany
Died: February 12, 1804
 28 
William Blake
(Poet and Visual Artist of the Romantic Age)
William Blake
19
Birthdate: November 28, 1757
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Soho, London, England
Died: August 12, 1827
 29 
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
(Philosopher, Writer, & Composer)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
22
Birthdate: June 28, 1712
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: July 2, 1778
 30 
James Monroe
(One of the Founding Fathers Who Served as the 5th President of the United States)
James Monroe
21
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: April 28, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Monroe Hall, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1831
 31 
Paul Revere
(American Military Officer & Silversmith Who Warned Boston-Area Residents that the British Were Coming During His Midnight Ride)
Paul Revere
30
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 1, 1735
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 10, 1818
 32 
Zachary Taylor
(12th President of the United States (1849-50))
Zachary Taylor
23
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 24, 1784
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Barboursville, Virginia, United States
Died: July 9, 1850
 33 
Sacagawea
(Interpreter)
Sacagawea
16
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1788 AD
Birthplace: Salmon
Died: 1812 AD
 34 
Carl Linnaeus
(Botanist)
Carl Linnaeus
51
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: May 23, 1707
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Linnés Råshults Stiftelse, Älmhult Municipality, Sweden
Died: January 10, 1778
 35 
Carl F. Gauss
(One of the Greatest Mathematicians of All Tim)
Carl F. Gauss
13
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: April 30, 1777
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brunswick, Germany
Died: February 23, 1855
 36 
Angelica Schuyler Church
(American Socialite and Eldest Daughter of Continental Army General ‘Philip Schuyler’)
Angelica Schuyler Church
18
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 20, 1756
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: March 6, 1814
 37 
Daniel Boone
(American Frontiersman and One of the First Folk Heroes of the United States)
Daniel Boone
9
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 2, 1734
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pennsylvania, United States
Died: September 26, 1820
 38 
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
(Novelist Best Known for 'The Sorrows of Young Werther', the First Novel of The Sturm Und Drang Movement)
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
17
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: August 28, 1749
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Goethe House, Frankfurt, Germany
Died: March 22, 1832
 39 
Thomas Paine
(Founding Father of the United States)
Thomas Paine
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 29, 1737
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Thetford, England
Died: June 8, 1809
 40 
Leonhard Euler
(Mathematician, Physicist)
Leonhard Euler
19
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: April 15, 1707
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Basel
Died: September 18, 1783
 41 
George II of Great Britain
(Former King of Great Britain & Ireland (1727 - 1760))
George II of Great Britain
10
Birthdate: November 10, 1683
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: October 25, 1760
 42 
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
(Baroque Composer & Virtuoso Violinist Known for His Violin Concertos 'The Four Seasons')
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
10
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 4, 1678
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: July 28, 1741
 43 
Charles Babbage
(Father of the computer)
Charles Babbage
10
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 26, 1791
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 18, 1871
 44 
Benedict Arnold
(American Military Officer Who Served During the Revolutionary War)
Benedict Arnold
34
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 14, 1741
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Norwich, Connecticut, United States
Died: June 14, 1801
 45 
Samuel Adams
(American Political Philosopher and 4th Governor of Massachusetts (1794–1797))
Samuel Adams
11
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 27, 1722
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 2, 1803
 46 
Philip Hamilton
(Eldest Son of the First U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton)
Philip Hamilton
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 22, 1782
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: November 24, 1801
 47 
Frederick The Great
(Former King of Prussia (1740 - 1786))
Frederick The Great
9
Birthdate: January 24, 1712
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 17, 1786
 48 
Anne Bonny
(Pirate)
Anne Bonny
12
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: March 8, 1697
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cork, Ireland
Died: March 31, 1721
 49 
George Frideric Handel
(German-British Composer Known for His Works: ‘Water Music’ and ‘Music for the Royal Fireworks’)
George Frideric Handel
13
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: February 23, 1685
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Halle (Saale), Germany
Died: April 14, 1759
 50 
Shaka
(Zulu Emperor)
Shaka
9
Birthdate: 1787 AD
Birthplace: KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Died: September 22, 1828