There were many people born in the 18th century who went ahead to change the world in radical ways. The 18th century was a politically tumultuous period in several parts of the world, especially in Europe, Asia, and America. Marked by major revolutions across the globe including the French and the American revolutions, the period witnessed the birth of some truly great men and women from all over the world. Maximilien Robespierre was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. The century also saw the birth of George Washington who later became the first President of the United States. The world of music and arts was also revolutionized by the likes of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, François Boucher, and the likes. The great mathematician Leonhard Euler and the innovator James Watt also made major contributions to the world in this era. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, is another major 18th century figure. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 18th century.
Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton
(Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury)

11 January 1755

American

George WashingtonGeorge Washington
(First U.S. President)

22 February 1732

American

Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
(Founding Father of the United States)

17 January 1706

American

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
(Political Philosopher & the third President of America)

13 April 1743

American

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette

02 November 1755

Austrian,French

Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
(Queen of Britan)

06 February 1665

British

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
(Composer)

27 January 1756

Austrian

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
(Composer)

16 December 1770

German

John AdamsJohn Adams
(2nd U.S. President)

30 October 1735

American

George III of the United KingdomGeorge III of the United Kingdom
(King)

04 June 1738

British

Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson
(7th President of the United States)

15 March 1767

American

Mary ShelleyMary Shelley
(Novelist)

30 August 1797

British

Jane AustenJane Austen
(Novelist)

16 December 1775

British

William IV of the United KingdomWilliam IV of the United Kingdom
(King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover)

21 August 1765

British

Aaron BurrAaron Burr
(3rd Vice President of United States)

06 February 1756

American

Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
(Philosopher)

22 April 1724

German

Louis XVI of FranceLouis XVI of France
(King of France)

23 August 1754

French

Catherine the GreatCatherine the Great
(Empress of Russia)

02 May 1729

Russian

James CookJames Cook
(Explorer & Navigator)

07 November 1728

British

Benedict ArnoldBenedict Arnold
(American Revolutionary War General)

14 January 1741

British

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
(King of Britain)

28 May 1660

German

VoltaireVoltaire
(Writer)

21 November 1694

French

James MadisonJames Madison
(President of the U.S.A)

16 March 1751

American

George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
(Former King of Great Britain & Ireland)

30 October 1683

German,British

Adam SmithAdam Smith
(Economist and Philosopher)

16 June 1723

Scottish

John Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams

11 July 1767

American

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
(Philosopher, Writer, & Composer)

28 June 1712

Swiss,French

Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
(Physicist & Chemist)

22 September 1791

British

William BlakeWilliam Blake
(Painter)

28 November 1757

British

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
(Mathematician)

18 September 1752

French

Tipu SultanTipu Sultan
(Ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore)

20 November 1750

Indian

William Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison

09 February 1773

American

James BuchananJames Buchanan
(15th U.S. President)

23 April 1791

American

Delphine LaLaurieDelphine LaLaurie
(Socialite)

19 March 1787

French

Bahadur Shah ZafarBahadur Shah Zafar
(Last Mughal Emperor)

24 October 1775

Indian

William WordsworthWilliam Wordsworth
(Poet)

07 April 1770

British

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
(Father of the computer)

26 December 1791

British

Davy CrockettDavy Crockett

17 August 1786

American

John TylerJohn Tyler
(10th U.S. President)

29 March 1790

American

David HumeDavid Hume
(Philosopher & Historian)

26 April 1711

Scottish

Martin Van BurenMartin Van Buren

05 December 1782

American

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
(Poet)

28 August 1749

German

Zachary TaylorZachary Taylor
(Military Leader and the 12th President of United States)

24 November 1784

American

Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus
(Botanist)

23 May 1707

Swedish

Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade
(Erotic Novelist)

02 June 1740

French

Cornelius VanderbiltCornelius Vanderbilt
(Business Tycoon & Philanthropist)

27 May 1794

American

Louis XV of FranceLouis XV of France
(King of France)

15 February 1710

French

John KeatsJohn Keats
(Romantic poet)

31 October 1795

British

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of WellingtonArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
(Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United Kingdom)

01 May 1769

British

Paul ReverePaul Revere
(Revolutionary)

01 January 1735

American

Thomas PaineThomas Paine
(Founding Father of the United States)

29 January 1737

British,American

James MonroeJames Monroe
(Fifth President of the USA)

28 April 1758

American

James K. PolkJames K. Polk

02 November 1795

American

John C. CalhounJohn C. Calhoun
(7th Vice President of the U.S.A)

18 March 1782

American

Sally HemingsSally Hemings
(Thomas Jefferson’s Slave)

1773 AD

American

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
(Philosopher, Philosophy Historian)

27 August 1770

German

Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
(Mathematician, Physicist)

15 April 1707

Swiss,Russian

John DaltonJohn Dalton

06 September 1766

British

Baji Rao IBaji Rao I
(Peshwa of Maratha Empire)

18 August 1700

Indian

Daniel BooneDaniel Boone
(Pioneer)

22 October 1734

American

ShakaShaka
(Zulu Emperor)

1787 AD

South African

Samuel AdamsSamuel Adams
(Founding Father of the United States)

27 September 1722

American

Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
(Composer)

31 March 1732

Austrian

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
(Philosopher)

22 February 1788

German

Elizabeth of RussiaElizabeth of Russia
(Empress of Russia)

29 December 1709

Russian

Giacomo CasanovaGiacomo Casanova
(Womanizer)

02 April 1725

Italian

John Paul JonesJohn Paul Jones
(Scottish American Sailor)

06 July 1747

American

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-StrelitzCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland)

19 May 1744

British

George Frideric HandelGeorge Frideric Handel
(Composer)

23 February 1685

German,British

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
(Philosopher)

18 January 1689

French

SacagaweaSacagawea
(Interpreter)

1788 AD

American

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
(Queen regnant)

13 May 1717

Austrian

John WesleyJohn Wesley
(Anglican Cleric and Christian Theologian)

17 June 1703

British

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
(Chemist)

26 August 1743

French

Sam HoustonSam Houston
(Former Governor of Texas)

02 March 1793

American