There were many people born in the 18th century who went ahead to change the world in radical ways. The 18th century was a politically tumultuous period in several parts of the world, especially in Europe, Asia, and America. Marked by major revolutions across the globe including the French and the American revolutions, the period witnessed the birth of some truly great men and women from all over the world. Maximilien Robespierre was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. The century also saw the birth of George Washington who later became the first President of the United States. The world of music and arts was also revolutionized by the likes of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, François Boucher, and the likes. The great mathematician Leonhard Euler and the innovator James Watt also made major contributions to the world in this era. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, is another major 18th century figure. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 18th century.
Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton
11 January 1755, Saint Kitts And Nevis, American
Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S.
George WashingtonGeorge Washington
22 February 1732, American
First U.S. President

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
13 April 1743, American
3rd U.S. President

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon Bonaparte
15 August 1769, French
Emperor of the French

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
16 December 1770, Austrian, German
Composer

John AdamsJohn Adams
30 October 1735, American
2nd U.S. President
Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
02 November 1755, Austrian, French
Queen of France

Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan

Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
17 January 1706, British, American
Founding Father of the United States
Catherine the GreatCatherine the Great
02 May 1729, Russian
Empress of Russia

Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
27 January 1756, Austrian
Composer
William Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison
09 February 1773, American
 

Aaron BurrAaron Burr
06 February 1756, American
3rd Vice President of United States

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-StrelitzCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
19 May 1744, British
Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain

John Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams
11 July 1767, American
 
James BuchananJames Buchanan
23 April 1791, American
15th U.S. President

James MadisonJames Madison
16 March 1751, American
4th President of the United States

George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland

Jane AustenJane Austen
16 December 1775, British
Novelist
John TylerJohn Tyler
29 March 1790, American
10th U.S. President

George III of the United KingdomGeorge III of the United Kingdom
04 June 1738, British
King
Zachary TaylorZachary Taylor
24 November 1784, American
Military Leader and the 12th President of United

Mary ShelleyMary Shelley
30 August 1797, British
Novelist

Martin Van BurenMartin Van Buren
05 December 1782, American
 
Elizabeth Schuyler HamiltonElizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
09 August 1757, American
Alexander Hamilton's Wife

James K. PolkJames K. Polk
02 November 1795, American
 
BlackbeardBlackbeard
 , British
Pirate

James MonroeJames Monroe
28 April 1758, American
Fifth President of the USA

Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724, German
Philosopher
Benedict ArnoldBenedict Arnold
14 January 1741, British
American Revolutionary War General

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Marquis de LafayetteMarquis de Lafayette
06 September 1757, French
French Aristocrat and Military Leader
Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759, British
Writer

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

William WordsworthWilliam Wordsworth
07 April 1770, British
Poet

Maximilien de RobespierreMaximilien de Robespierre
06 May 1758, French
Influential Figure of the French Revolution
John C. CalhounJohn C. Calhoun
18 March 1782, American
7th Vice President of the U.S.A
Adam SmithAdam Smith
16 June 1723, Scottish
Economist and Philosopher

Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus
23 May 1707, Swedish
Botanist

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer

P B ShelleyP B Shelley
04 August 1792, British
Poet
James CookJames Cook
27 October 1728, British
Explorer & Navigator

William BlakeWilliam Blake
28 November 1757, British
Painter

Davy CrockettDavy Crockett
17 August 1786, American
 

Peter III of RussiaPeter III of Russia
21 February 1728, Russian
Emperor of Russia

Frederick the GreatFrederick The Great
24 January 1712, German
King of Prussia
Frederick II of PrussiaFrederick II of Prussia
24 January 1712, German, Prussian
King

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of WellingtonArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
01 May 1769, British
Former First Lord of the Treasury of the United
Cornelius VanderbiltCornelius Vanderbilt
27 May 1794, American
Business Tycoon & Philanthropist

Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade
02 June 1740, French
Erotic Novelist

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
28 August 1749, German
Poet
Charles Edward StuartCharles Edward Stuart
31 December 1720, British
Military Leader

Delphine LaLaurieDelphine LaLaurie
19 March 1787, French
Socialite
Tipu SultanTipu Sultan
20 November 1750, Indian
Ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore

Raja Ram Mohan RoyRaja Ram Mohan Roy
22 May 1772, Indian
socio-religious reformer

Horatio NelsonHoratio Nelson
29 September 1758, British
Admiral

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

Angelica Schuyler ChurchAngelica Schuyler Church
20 February 1756, American
Daughter of Continental Army General Philip
Thomas PaineThomas Paine
29 January 1737, British, American
Founding Father of the United States

George Frideric HandelGeorge Frideric Handel
23 February 1685, German, British
Composer

Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791, British
Physicist & Chemist

Sally HemingsSally Hemings
1773 AD, American
Thomas Jefferson’s Slave
Daniel BooneDaniel Boone
22 October 1734, American
Pioneer

Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya
30 March 1746, Spanish
Painters
Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791, British
Father of the computer

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788, German
Philosopher
John KeatsJohn Keats
31 October 1795, British
Romantic poet

William WilberforceWilliam Wilberforce
24 August 1759, British
Abolitionist
SacagaweaSacagawea
1788 AD, American
Interpreter

David HumeDavid Hume
26 April 1711, Scottish
Philosopher & Historian

George ClintonGeorge Clinton
26 July 1739, American
Fourth Vice President of the U.S.A
Abigail AdamsAbigail Adams
11 November 1744, American
Second First Lady of the United States

Henry ClayHenry Clay
12 April 1777, American
Political Leader
Franz Peter Schubert Franz Peter Schubert
31 January 1797, Austrian
Composer

Qianlong EmperorQianlong Emperor
25 September 1711, Chinese
Emperor of China

William R. KingWilliam R. King
07 April 1786, American
Shortest Serving Vice President of the U.S.A

Paul I of RussiaPaul I of Russia
01 October 1754, Russian
Russian Emperor (1796-1801)
Joseph HaydnJoseph Haydn
31 March 1732, Austrian
Composer
Sam HoustonSam Houston
02 March 1793, American
Former Governor of Texas

Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
13 May 1717, Austrian
Queen regnant

Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707, Swiss, Russian
Mathematician, Physicist

Maharaja Ranjit SinghMaharaja Ranjit Singh
13 November 1780, Indian
Founder of the Sikh Empire
Edward JennerEdward Jenner
17 May 1749, British
Physicians

Paul ReverePaul Revere
01 January 1735, American
Revolutionary

ShakaShaka
1787 AD, South African
Zulu Emperor

Martha WashingtonMartha Washington
02 June 1731, American
 

Toussaint Louverture Toussaint Louverture
20 May 1743, French
Leader of the Haitian Revolution
John Paul JonesJohn Paul Jones
06 July 1747, American
Scottish American Sailor

Samuel AdamsSamuel Adams
27 September 1722, American
Founding Father of the United States
TecumsehTecumseh
29 February 1768, American
Native American Leader

Louis XVI of FranceLouis XVI of France
23 August 1754, French
King of France
Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician
Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician