18th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including Immanuel Kant, Adam Smith, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, David Hume and Jeremy Bentham.
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724, German
Philosopher
VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759, British
Writer

Adam SmithAdam Smith
16 June 1723, Scottish
Economist and Philosopher

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian
Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788, German
Philosopher

David HumeDavid Hume
26 April 1711, Scottish
Philosopher & Historian

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729, Irish, British
Statesman
Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748, British
Philosopher
Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772, British
Poet

Thomas Robert MalthusThomas Robert Malthus
13 February 1766, British
Political Economist

Alexander von HumboldtAlexander von Humboldt
14 September 1769, German
Geographer

Thomas CarlyleThomas Carlyle
04 December 1795, Scottish
Philosopher

Denis DiderotDenis Diderot
05 October 1713, French
Philosopher
Jonathan EdwardsJonathan Edwards
05 October 1703, American
American preacher

Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748, German
Philosopher

David RicardoDavid Ricardo
18 April 1772, British
Economist

Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
10 November 1759, German
Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher
William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756, British
Journalist

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher
Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck
01 August 1744, French
Naturalist

Edward GibbonEdward Gibbon
08 April 1737, British
Historian

Ethan AllenEthan Allen
21 January 1738, American
Revolutionary War Hero
Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733, British
Discoverer of Oxygen

Charles WesleyCharles Wesley
18 December 1707, British
Poet
Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769, French
Naturalist

Noah WebsterNoah Webster
16 October 1758, American
Lexicographer

Jean-François ChampollionJean-François Champollion
23 December 1790, French
Philologist
Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743, French
Mathematician, Philosopher

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Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov
19 November 1711, Russian
Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer
NovalisNovalis
02 May 1772, German
Philosopher & Poet

Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797, British
Lawyer

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical

Edward EverettEdward Everett
11 April 1794, American
Former American senator
Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian
Carl RitterCarl Ritter
07 August 1779, German
Co-founder of Modern Geography

Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget
18 January 1779, British
Lexicographer

William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793, British
Mathematician, Geologist

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher
Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
04 August 1792, British
Linguist, Poet, Translator, Writer, Playwright,

Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher

Carl von ClausewitzCarl von Clausewitz
01 June 1780, German
Military person

Comte de Saint-GermainComte de Saint-Germain
1691 AD, Hungarian
Adventurer

Muhammad ibn Abd al-WahhabMuhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab
1703 AD, Saudi Arabian
Theologian
Emmanuel SwedenborgEmmanuel Swedenborg
29 January 1688, Swedish
Scientist

Shah Waliullah DehlawiShah Waliullah Dehlawi
21 February 1703, Indian
Muslim Scholar
Charles FourierCharles Fourier
07 April 1772, French
Economist, Sociologist, Philosopher

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet
17 December 1706, French
Philosopher

Horace WalpoleHorace Walpole
24 September 1717
Writer, Novelist, Autobiographer, Politician
Isaac WattsIsaac Watts
17 July 1674, British
Theologian

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD, British
Mathematician, Statistician
Johann Gottlieb FichteJohann Gottlieb Fichte
19 May 1762, German
Philosopher, University teacher

Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre
01 April 1753, French
Philosopher

Johann Friedrich BlumenbachJohann Friedrich Blumenbach
11 May 1752, German
Physician

Thomas GrayThomas Gray
26 December 1716, British
Poet, Writer, Literary critic

Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder
25 August 1744, German, Polish
Philosopher
François-René de ChateaubriandFrançois-René de Chateaubriand
04 September 1768, French
Author

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de MirabeauHonoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau
09 March 1749, French
Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Writer,

Henri de Saint-SimonHenri de Saint-Simon
17 October 1760, French
Political Theorist
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
27 January 1775, German
Philosopher, University teacher

Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795, German
Historian, Academic, University teacher, Writer
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
22 June 1767, German
Linguist, Diplomat, Anthropologist, Teacher,

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798, Italian
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist

John AustinJohn Austin
03 March 1790, British
jurist, philosopher
Germaine de StaëlGermaine de Staël
22 April 1766, French
Philosopher

John WitherspoonJohn Witherspoon
05 February 1723, American
Politician, Theologian
James Mayer de RothschildJames Mayer de Rothschild
15 May 1792, French
Banker, Art collector, Economist, Businessperson

Friedrich SchleiermacherFriedrich Schleiermacher
21 November 1768, German, Polish
Philosopher, Theologian, Translator, University

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668, Italian
Philosopher
Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn
06 September 1729, German
Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator

Emmanuel Joseph SieyèsEmmanuel Joseph Sieyès
03 May 1748, French
Writer
Johann Joachim WinckelmannJohann Joachim Winckelmann
09 December 1717, German
Art historian

James MillJames Mill
06 April 1773, American, Scottish
Historian

Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing
22 January 1729, German
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian,

Jean Le Rond d'AlembertJean Le Rond d'Alembert
16 November 1717, French
Mathematician
Theodore HookTheodore Hook
22 September 1788, British
Man of Letters
Constantine Samuel RafinesqueConstantine Samuel Rafinesque
22 October 1783, French, Turkish
Polymath

Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729, Italian
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
24 February 1786, German
Lexicographer, Anthropologist, Librarian, Writer,

Christian WolffChristian Wolff
24 January 1679, German, Polish
jurist, mathematician, philosopher, university
Bernard BolzanoBernard Bolzano
05 October 1781, Czech
Mathematician

Thomas HutchinsonThomas Hutchinson
09 September 1711, British
Businessman

Jean-Baptiste SayJean-Baptiste Say
05 January 1767, French
Economist, Politician, Writer, Professor,

Saint Louis-Marie Grignion de MontfortSaint Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort
31 January 1673, French
Priest

Pierre Samuel du Pont de NemoursPierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours
14 December 1739, French, American
Economist
Friedrich ListFriedrich List
06 August 1789, German, American
Economist, University teacher, Journalist

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678, British
Politician
Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant
25 October 1767, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Politician, Writer, Diarist

William BucklandWilliam Buckland
12 March 1784, British
Geologist
Manuel BelgranoManuel Belgrano
03 June 1770, Argentinian
Lawyer, Journalist, Economist, Politician,
Jules MicheletJules Michelet
21 August 1798, French
Historian, Archivist, Writer, Diarist, Professor,