18th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including Immanuel Kant, Adam Smith, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, David Hume and Jeremy Bentham.
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724, German
Philosopher
Adam SmithAdam Smith
16 June 1723, Scottish
Economist and Philosopher

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer

David HumeDavid Hume
26 April 1711, Scottish
Philosopher & Historian

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian
Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788, German
Philosopher

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748, British
Philosopher

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729, Irish, British
Statesman

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759, British
Writer
Alexander von HumboldtAlexander von Humboldt
14 September 1769, German
Geographer

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher
Auguste ComteAuguste Comte
19 January 1798, French
 

Thomas Robert MalthusThomas Robert Malthus
13 February 1766, British
Political Economist

Thomas CarlyleThomas Carlyle
04 December 1795, Scottish
Philosopher
Ethan AllenEthan Allen
21 January 1738, American
Revolutionary War Hero

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733, British
Discoverer of Oxygen
Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
10 November 1759, German
Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher

Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748, German
Philosopher

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher
William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756, British
Journalist

Noah WebsterNoah Webster
16 October 1758, American
Lexicographer
Charles WesleyCharles Wesley
18 December 1707, British
Poet

Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov
19 November 1711, Russian
Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer

Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797, British
Lawyer

Jean-François ChampollionJean-François Champollion
23 December 1790, French
Philologist
Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743, French
Mathematician, Philosopher
NovalisNovalis
02 May 1772, German
Philosopher & Poet

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Edward EverettEdward Everett
11 April 1794, American
Former American senator

Carl RitterCarl Ritter
07 August 1779, German
Co-founder of Modern Geography
Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget
18 January 1779, British
Lexicographer

Continue Reading Below
Jonathan EdwardsJonathan Edwards
05 October 1703, American
American preacher

William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793, British
Mathematician, Geologist

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
04 August 1792, British
Linguist, Poet, Translator, Writer, Playwright,

Ram Mohan RoyRam Mohan Roy
22 May 1772, Indian
Philosopher, Social reformer
Samuel Taylor ColeridgeSamuel Taylor Coleridge
21 October 1772, British
Poet, Philosopher, Theologian, Writer, Literary

David RicardoDavid Ricardo
18 April 1772, British
Economist

Carl von ClausewitzCarl von Clausewitz
01 July 1780, German
Military person
Denis DiderotDenis Diderot
05 October 1713, French
Philosopher, Novelist, Essayist, Encyclopédistes,

Emanuel SwedenborgEmanuel Swedenborg
29 January 1688, Swedish
Scientist, Philosopher, Theologian
Edward GibbonEdward Gibbon
27 April 1737, British
Historian

Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck
01 August 1744, French
Botanist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769, French
Geologist, Anatomist, Paleontologist, Politician,

George WhitefieldGeorge Whitefield
16 December 1714, British
Minister, Theologian

Olympe de GougesOlympe de Gouges
07 May 1748, French
Playwright, Journalist, Philosopher, Writer,
James MillJames Mill
American, Scottish
 

Horace WalpoleHorace Walpole
24 September 1717
Writer, Novelist, Autobiographer, Politician

Johann Gottlieb FichteJohann Gottlieb Fichte
19 May 1762, German
Philosopher, University teacher

Charles FourierCharles Fourier
07 April 1772, French
Economist, Sociologist, Philosopher
Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder
25 August 1744, German, Polish
philosopher, theologian, poet, translator

François-René de ChateaubriandFrançois-René de Chateaubriand
04 September 1768, French
Writer, Politician, Diplomat, Historian, Poet,
John WitherspoonJohn Witherspoon
05 February 1723, American
Politician, Theologian

Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de MirabeauHonoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau
09 March 1749, French
Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Writer,

Thomas GrayThomas Gray
26 December 1716, British
Poet, Writer, Literary critic
Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD, British
Mathematician, Statistician

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
22 June 1767, German
Linguist, Diplomat, Anthropologist, Teacher,
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
27 January 1775, German
Philosopher, University teacher

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
Italian
 

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798, Italian
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist
Germaine de StaëlGermaine de Staël
 

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre
French
 

Friedrich SchleiermacherFriedrich Schleiermacher
21 November 1768, German, Polish
Philosopher, Theologian, Translator, University

George EverestGeorge Everest
04 July 1790, British
Explorer, Geographer

Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn
06 September 1729, German
Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator
Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers
15 April 1797, French
Lawyer, Politician, Journalist, Historian, Writer
Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing
22 January 1729, German
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian,

François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694, French
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795, German
Historian, Academic, University teacher, Writer

Manuel BelgranoManuel Belgrano
03 June 1770, Argentinian
Lawyer, Journalist, Economist, Politician,
Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729, Italian
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,

Jean-Baptiste SayJean-Baptiste Say
05 January 1767, French
Economist, Politician, Writer, Professor,

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794, British
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
05 November 1778, Italian
Explorer, Antiquarian, Egyptologist,

James Mayer de RothschildJames Mayer de Rothschild
15 May 1792, French
Banker, Art collector, Economist, Businessperson
Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
24 February 1786, German
Lexicographer, Anthropologist, Librarian, Writer,

Jules MicheletJules Michelet
21 August 1798, French
Historian, Archivist, Writer, Diarist, Professor,
Pierre Samuel du Pont de NemoursPierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours
14 December 1739, French
Economist, Politician, Entrepreneur

Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638, French
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian

Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant
25 October 1767, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Politician, Writer, Diarist
Friedrich ListFriedrich List
06 August 1789, German, American
Economist, University teacher, Journalist

Thomas ReidThomas Reid
Scottish
 
William PaleyWilliam Paley
14 July 1743, British
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher

William PlayfairWilliam Playfair
22 September 1759, British
Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
Croatian
 

François GuizotFrançois Guizot
04 October 1787, French
Politician, Diplomat, Historian, Translator,
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Andrés BelloAndrés Bello
29 November 1781, Chilean, Venezuelan
Poet, Legislator, Philosopher, Educator,
Richard PriceRichard Price
 

Nicolaus ZinzendorfNicolaus Zinzendorf
26 May 1700, German
Priest, Translator, Theologian, Poet, Hymnwriter
Adam FergusonAdam Ferguson
20 June 1723, British
Philosopher, Librarian, Historian, Soldier,

Alexander Gottlieb BaumgartenAlexander Gottlieb Baumgarten
17 July 1714, German
philosopher, professor
Bernard MandevilleBernard Mandeville
15 November 1670, Dutch
Philosopher, Economist, Writer