18th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including Immanuel Kant, Adam Smith, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, David Hume and Jeremy Bentham.
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant

22 April 1724

German

VoltaireVoltaire

21 November 1694

French

Adam SmithAdam Smith

16 June 1723

Scottish

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau

28 June 1712

Swiss,French

David HumeDavid Hume

26 April 1711

Scottish

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

27 August 1770

German

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft

27 April 1759

British

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer

22 February 1788

German

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham

15 February 1748

British

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke

12 January 1729

Irish,British

Thomas Robert MalthusThomas Robert Malthus

13 February 1766

British

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu

18 January 1689

French

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Alexander von HumboldtAlexander von Humboldt

14 September 1769

German

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte

19 January 1798

French

Thomas CarlyleThomas Carlyle

04 December 1795

Scottish

Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller

10 November 1759

German

Ethan AllenEthan Allen

21 January 1738

American

William GodwinWilliam Godwin

03 March 1756

British

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Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley

24 March 1733

British

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley

12 March 1685

Irish,British

Noah WebsterNoah Webster

16 October 1758

American

Charles LyellCharles Lyell

14 November 1797

British

Charles WesleyCharles Wesley

18 December 1707

British

Jean-François ChampollionJean-François Champollion

23 December 1790

French

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Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet

17 September 1743

French

Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov

19 November 1711

Russian

NovalisNovalis

02 May 1772

German

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi

16 May 1718

Italian

Edward EverettEdward Everett

11 April 1794

American

Carl RitterCarl Ritter

07 August 1779

German

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Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget

18 January 1779

British

Jonathan EdwardsJonathan Edwards

05 October 1703

American

William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins

02 February 1793

British

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert

16 November 1717

French

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz

01 July 1646

German

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley

04 August 1792

British

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Ram Mohan RoyRam Mohan Roy

22 May 1772

Indian

Samuel Taylor ColeridgeSamuel Taylor Coleridge

21 October 1772

British

Carl von ClausewitzCarl von Clausewitz

01 July 1780

German

Denis DiderotDenis Diderot

05 October 1713

French

David RicardoDavid Ricardo

18 April 1772

British

Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt

06 February 1748

German

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Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck

01 August 1744

French

Olympe de GougesOlympe de Gouges

07 May 1748

French

Emanuel SwedenborgEmanuel Swedenborg

29 January 1688

Swedish

Edward GibbonEdward Gibbon

27 April 1737

British

George WhitefieldGeorge Whitefield

16 December 1714

British

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier

23 August 1769

French

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Charles FourierCharles Fourier

07 April 1772

French

Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder

25 August 1744

German,Polish

Johann Gottlieb FichteJohann Gottlieb Fichte

19 May 1762

German

Horace WalpoleHorace Walpole

24 September 1717

James MillJames Mill

American,Scottish

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes

1702 AD

British

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Thomas GrayThomas Gray

26 December 1716

British

François-René de ChateaubriandFrançois-René de Chateaubriand

04 September 1768

French

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt

22 June 1767

German

Friedrich SchleiermacherFriedrich Schleiermacher

21 November 1768

German,Polish

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

27 January 1775

German

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi

29 June 1798

Italian

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Germaine de StaëlGermaine de Staël
Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn

06 September 1729

German

Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de MirabeauHonoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau

09 March 1749

French

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico

Italian

Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke

21 December 1795

German

Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing

22 January 1729

German

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Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre

French

John WitherspoonJohn Witherspoon

05 February 1723

American

Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers

15 April 1797

French

George EverestGeorge Everest

04 July 1790

British

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville

26 December 1780

British,Scottish

Jean-Baptiste SayJean-Baptiste Say

05 January 1767

French

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Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni

05 November 1778

Italian

Jules MicheletJules Michelet

21 August 1798

French

James Mayer de RothschildJames Mayer de Rothschild

15 May 1792

French

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm

24 February 1786

German

François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay

04 June 1694

French

William WhewellWilliam Whewell

24 May 1794

British

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Friedrich ListFriedrich List

06 August 1789

German,American

William PaleyWilliam Paley

14 July 1743

British

Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant

25 October 1767

Swiss,French