18th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including Immanuel Kant, Adam Smith, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, David Hume and Jeremy Bentham.
Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton
11 January 1755, American
Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S.
Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724, German
Philosopher

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
28 June 1712, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Writer, & Composer

Adam SmithAdam Smith
16 June 1723, Scottish
Economist and Philosopher

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770, German
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian
Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788, German
Philosopher

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759, British
Writer

David HumeDavid Hume
26 April 1711, Scottish
Philosopher & Historian
Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748, British
Philosopher
Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772, British
Poet

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729, Irish, British
Statesman

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

Thomas Robert MalthusThomas Robert Malthus
13 February 1766, British
Political Economist

Alexander von HumboldtAlexander von Humboldt
14 September 1769, German
Geographer
David RicardoDavid Ricardo
18 April 1772, British
Economist

Thomas CarlyleThomas Carlyle
04 December 1795, Scottish
Philosopher

Jonathan EdwardsJonathan Edwards
05 October 1703, American
American preacher

Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
10 November 1759, German
Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher
Denis DiderotDenis Diderot
05 October 1713, French
Philosopher

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher
Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748, German
Philosopher

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733, British
Discoverer of Oxygen

Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck
01 August 1744, French
Naturalist
William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756, British
Journalist

Edward GibbonEdward Gibbon
08 April 1737, British
Historian
Ethan AllenEthan Allen
21 January 1738, American
Revolutionary War Hero

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769, French
Naturalist

Noah WebsterNoah Webster
16 October 1758, American
Lexicographer
Charles WesleyCharles Wesley
18 December 1707, British
Poet

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Jean-François ChampollionJean-François Champollion
23 December 1790, French
Philologist
Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797, British
Lawyer

Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov
19 November 1711, Russian
Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743, French
Mathematician, Philosopher

NovalisNovalis
02 May 1772, German
Philosopher & Poet
Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Edward EverettEdward Everett
11 April 1794, American
Former American senator

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Carl RitterCarl Ritter
07 August 1779, German
Co-founder of Modern Geography

Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget
18 January 1779, British
Lexicographer
William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793, British
Mathematician, Geologist

Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher

Carl von ClausewitzCarl von Clausewitz
01 June 1780, German
Military person

Muhammad ibn Abd al-WahhabMuhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab
1703 AD, Saudi Arabian
Theologian

Emmanuel SwedenborgEmmanuel Swedenborg
29 January 1688, Swedish
Scientist
Comte de Saint-GermainComte de Saint-Germain
1691 AD, Hungarian
Adventurer

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet
17 December 1706, French
Philosopher
Shah Waliullah DehlawiShah Waliullah Dehlawi
21 February 1703, Indian
Muslim Scholar

Charles FourierCharles Fourier
07 April 1772, French
Economist, Sociologist, Philosopher

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD, British
Mathematician, Statistician
Horace WalpoleHorace Walpole
24 September 1717
Writer, Novelist, Autobiographer, Politician

Johann Gottlieb FichteJohann Gottlieb Fichte
19 May 1762, German
Philosopher, University teacher
Thomas GrayThomas Gray
26 December 1716, British
Poet, Writer, Literary critic

Joseph de MaistreJoseph de Maistre
01 April 1753, French
Philosopher

Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder
25 August 1744, German, Polish
Philosopher

Henri de Saint-SimonHenri de Saint-Simon
17 October 1760, French
Political Theorist

Isaac WattsIsaac Watts
17 July 1674, British
Theologian
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
27 January 1775, German
Philosopher, University teacher

François-René de ChateaubriandFrançois-René de Chateaubriand
04 September 1768, French
Author

Maria Sibylla MerianMaria Sibylla Merian
02 April 1647, German
Naturalist

Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de MirabeauHonoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau
09 March 1749, French
Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Writer,
Johann Friedrich BlumenbachJohann Friedrich Blumenbach
11 May 1752, German
Physician

Germaine de StaëlGermaine de Staël
22 April 1766, French
Philosopher
Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795, German
Historian, Academic, University teacher, Writer

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Saint Louis-Marie Grignion de MontfortSaint Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort
31 January 1673, French
Priest
Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
22 June 1767, German
Philosopher

Friedrich SchleiermacherFriedrich Schleiermacher
21 November 1768, German, Polish
Philosopher, Theologian, Translator, University
John AustinJohn Austin
03 March 1790, British
jurist, philosopher

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668, Italian
Philosopher

James MillJames Mill
06 April 1773, American, Scottish
Historian
Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798, Italian
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist

Emmanuel Joseph SieyèsEmmanuel Joseph Sieyès
03 May 1748, French
Writer
Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn
06 September 1729, German
Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator

James Mayer de RothschildJames Mayer de Rothschild
15 May 1792, French
Banker, Art collector, Economist, Businessperson

Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing
22 January 1729, German
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian,

Johann Joachim WinckelmannJohann Joachim Winckelmann
09 December 1717, German
Art historian
Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729, Italian
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,
Christian WolffChristian Wolff
24 January 1679, German
Philosopher

Wilhelm GrimmWilhelm Grimm
24 February 1786, German
Lexicographer, Anthropologist, Librarian, Writer,

John WitherspoonJohn Witherspoon
05 February 1723, American
Politician, Theologian

William BucklandWilliam Buckland
12 March 1784, British
Geologist
Jean-Baptiste SayJean-Baptiste Say
05 January 1767, French
Economist

Thomas HutchinsonThomas Hutchinson
09 September 1711, British
Businessman

Friedrich ListFriedrich List
06 August 1789, German, American
Economist, University teacher, Journalist

Pierre Samuel du Pont de NemoursPierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours
14 December 1739, French, American
Economist

Benjamin ConstantBenjamin Constant
25 October 1767, Swiss, French
Philosopher, Politician, Writer, Diarist
Jules MicheletJules Michelet
21 August 1798, French
Historian, Archivist, Writer, Diarist, Professor,

William PaleyWilliam Paley
14 July 1743, British
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher
Richard PriceRichard Price
23 February 1723, British, Welsh
Philosopher

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
18 May 1711, Croatian, Italian
Physicist
Ahmad al-TijaniAhmad al-Tijani
1735 AD, Algerian
Theologian
François GuizotFrançois Guizot
04 October 1787, French
Politician, Diplomat, Historian, Translator,