Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Scientists, including Benjamin Franklin, Michael Faraday, Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, Charles Babbage and John Dalton

Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Scientists, including Benjamin Franklin, Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage and John Dalton
Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin

17 January 1706

17 April 1790

Boston, Massachusetts Bay

American

Capricorn

Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus

23 May 1707

10 January 1778

Råshult

Swedish

Gemini

Michael FaradayMichael Faraday

22 September 1791

25 August 1867

Newington Butts

British

Virgo

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage

26 December 1791

18 October 1871

London

British

Capricorn

Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler

15 April 1707

18 September 1783

Basel

Swiss,Russian

Aries

James WattJames Watt

19 January 1736

25 August 1819

Greenock, Renfrewshire, Scotland

Scottish

Capricorn

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier

26 August 1743

08 May 1794

Paris

French

Virgo

John DaltonJohn Dalton

06 September 1766

27 July 1844

Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England

British

Virgo

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker

09 November 1731

09 October 1806

Baltimore County

American

Scorpio

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace

23 March 1749

05 March 1827

Beaumont-en-Auge

French

Aries

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley

24 March 1733

06 February 1804

Birstall

British

Aries

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy

17 December 1778

29 May 1829

Penzance

British

Sagittarius

John James AudubonJohn James Audubon

26 April 1785

27 January 1851

Les Cayes

American

Taurus

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier

21 March 1768

16 May 1830

Auxerre, Burgundy, Kingdom of France (now in Yonne, France)

French

Aries

Amedeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro

09 August 1776

09 July 1856

Turin, Italy

Italian

Leo

Daniel BernoulliDaniel Bernoulli

08 February 1700

17 March 1782

Groningen

Swiss

Aquarius

Sophie GermainSophie Germain

01 April 1776

27 June 1831

Paris

French

Aries

Charles LyellCharles Lyell

14 November 1797

22 February 1875

Angus

British

Scorpio

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley

08 November 1656

14 January 1742

Haggerston, Shoreditch, London, England

British

Scorpio

Henry CavendishHenry Cavendish

10 October 1731

24 February 1810

Nice

British

Libra

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel

16 March 1750

09 January 1848

Hanover, Germany

German

Pisces

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac

06 December 1778

09 May 1850

Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat

French

Sagittarius

Georg OhmGeorg Ohm

16 March 1789

06 July 1854

Erlangen, Brandenburg-Bayreuth

German

Pisces

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy

21 August 1789

23 May 1857

Paris

French

Leo

Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov

19 November 1711

15 April 1765

Lomonossowo, Russia

Russian

Scorpio

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet

17 September 1743

28 March 1794

Ribemont, France

French

Virgo

Joseph BanksJoseph Banks

24 February 1743

19 June 1820

London

British

Pisces

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

07 September 1707

16 April 1788

Montbard

French

Virgo

Anders CelsiusAnders Celsius

27 November 1701

25 April 1744

Uppsala

Swedish

Sagittarius

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss

30 April 1777

23 February 1855

Braunschweig, Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire

German

Taurus

Thomas TelfordThomas Telford

09 August 1757

02 September 1834

Eskdale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland

Scottish

Leo

Joseph HenryJoseph Henry

17 December 1797

13 May 1878

Albany

American

Sagittarius

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre

18 September 1752

10 January 1833

Paris, France

French

Virgo

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange

25 January 1736

10 April 1813

Turin, Italy

French,Italian

Aquarius

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi

16 May 1718

09 January 1799

Milan

Italian

Taurus

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel

10 May 1788

14 July 1827

Broglie (Eure)

French

Taurus

Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini

08 June 1625

14 September 1712

Perinaldo

Italian

Gemini

Charles MessierCharles Messier

26 June 1730

12 April 1817

Badonviller

French

Cancer

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert

26 August 1728

25 September 1777

Republic of Mulhouse, Independent city-state

Swiss,German,French

Virgo

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere

20 January 1775

10 June 1836

Parish of St. Nizier, Lyon, France

French

Capricorn

Albrecht von HallerAlbrecht von Haller

16 October 1708

12 December 1777

Bern

Swiss

Libra

Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Volta

18 February 1745

05 March 1827

Como, Duchy of Milan, Italy

Italian

Aquarius

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz

01 July 1646

14 November 1716

Leipzig, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire

German

Cancer

Robert BrownRobert Brown

21 December 1773

10 June 1858

Montrose

British,Scottish

Sagittarius

William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins

02 February 1793

13 October 1866

Kingston on Soar

British

Aquarius

William Christopher ZeiseWilliam Christopher Zeise

15 October 1789

12 November 1847

Slagelse, Denmark

Danish

Libra

Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot

01 June 1796

24 August 1832

Luxembourg Palace

French

Gemini

Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De Coulomb

14 June 1736

23 August 1806

Angoulême, France

French

Gemini

Hans Christian ØrstedHans Christian Ørsted

14 August 1777

09 March 1851

Rudkøbing

Danish

Leo

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert

16 November 1717

29 October 1783

Paris

French

Scorpio

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss

30 April 1777

23 February 1855

Braunschweig

German

Taurus

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta

18 February 1745

05 March 1827

Como

Italian

Aquarius

Mary AnningMary Anning

21 May 1799

09 March 1847

Lyme Regis

British

Taurus

Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck

01 August 1744

18 December 1829

Bazentin

French

Leo

Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat

24 May 1743

13 July 1793

Boudry

Swiss,French

Gemini

William HerschelWilliam Herschel

15 November 1738

21 August 1822

Hanover

German,British

Scorpio

Emanuel SwedenborgEmanuel Swedenborg

29 January 1688

29 March 1772

Stockholm

Swedish

Aquarius

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange

25 January 1736

10 April 1813

Turin

French,Italian

Aquarius

James HuttonJames Hutton

03 June 1726

26 March 1797

Edinburgh

British,Scottish

Gemini

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier

23 August 1769

13 May 1832

Montbéliard

French

Leo

Luigi GalvaniLuigi Galvani

09 September 1737

04 December 1798

Bologna

Italian

Virgo

Daniel Gabriel FahrenheitDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

24 May 1686

16 September 1736

Gdańsk

Polish

Gemini

Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb

14 June 1736

23 August 1806

Angoulême

French

Gemini

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes

1702 AD

07 April 1761

London

British

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville

26 December 1780

28 November 1872

Jedburgh

British,Scottish

Capricorn

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles

12 November 1746

07 April 1823

Beaugency

French

Scorpio

Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot

01 June 1796

24 August 1832

Luxembourg Palace

French

Gemini

Jöns Jacob BerzeliusJöns Jacob Berzelius

20 August 1779

07 August 1848

Östergötland

Swedish

Leo

Robert AdamRobert Adam

03 July 1728

03 March 1792

Kirkcaldy

Cancer

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson

21 June 1781

25 April 1840

Pithiviers

French

Gemini

Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre

26 May 1667

27 November 1754

Vitry-le-François

French

Gemini

Carl Wilhelm ScheeleCarl Wilhelm Scheele

09 December 1742

21 May 1786

Stralsund, Pomerania

German,Swedish

Sagittarius

Ernst ChladniErnst Chladni

30 November 1756

03 April 1827

Lutherstadt Wittenberg

German

Sagittarius

Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni

05 November 1778

03 December 1823

Padua

Italian

Scorpio

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer

06 March 1787

07 June 1826

Straubing

German

Pisces

John SoaneJohn Soane

10 September 1753

20 January 1837

Reading

British

Virgo

William WhewellWilliam Whewell

24 May 1794

06 March 1866

Lancaster

British

Gemini

Peter Simon PallasPeter Simon Pallas

22 September 1741

08 September 1811

Berlin

German

Virgo

Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani

10 January 1729

12 February 1799

Scandiano

Italian

Capricorn

Benjamin ThompsonBenjamin Thompson

26 March 1753

25 August 1814

Woburn

American

Aries

David BrewsterDavid Brewster

11 December 1781

10 February 1868

Jedburgh

British,Scottish

Sagittarius