Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Scientists, including Benjamin Franklin, Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage and John Dalton
Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
17 January 1706, British, American
Founding Father of the United States
Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus
23 May 1707, Swedish
Botanist

Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791, British
Physicist & Chemist

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791, British
Father of the computer

Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707, Swiss, Russian
Mathematician, Physicist

John DaltonJohn Dalton
06 September 1766, British
 
Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
26 August 1743, French
Chemist

James WattJames Watt
19 January 1736, Scottish
Inventor of Steam Engine

Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat
24 May 1743, Swiss, French
Physician

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778, British
Inventor of Davy Lamp
Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733, British
Discoverer of Oxygen
William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

Daniel BernoulliDaniel Bernoulli
08 February 1700, Swiss
Mathematician

John James AudubonJohn James Audubon
26 April 1785, American
Naturalist, Painter, Ornithologist
Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656, British
Astronomer
Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker
09 November 1731, American
Compiler of Almanacs

Amedeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro
09 August 1776, Italian
Chemist and Physicist

Henry CavendishHenry Cavendish
10 October 1731, British
Chemist
Hans Christian ØrstedHans Christian Ørsted
14 August 1777, Danish
Physicist

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French
Mathematician
Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
16 March 1789, German
Physicist & Mathematician

Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov
19 November 1711, Russian
Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer

Joseph BanksJoseph Banks
24 February 1743, British
Botanist

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743, French
Mathematician, Philosopher
Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797, British
Lawyer
Anders CelsiusAnders Celsius
27 November 1701, Swedish
Astronomer, Physicist, Mathematician

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
18 September 1752, French
Mathematician

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
07 September 1707, French
Naturalist
Thomas TelfordThomas Telford
09 August 1757, Scottish
Civil Engineer

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Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625, Italian
Astronomer and Mathematician

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German
Astronomer

Joseph HenryJoseph Henry
17 December 1797, American
Scientist

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778, French
Chemist and Physicist
Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788, French
Physicist

Charles MessierCharles Messier
26 June 1730, French
Astronomer
Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728, Swiss, German, French
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician and Astronomer
Robert BrownRobert Brown
21 December 1773, British, Scottish
Botanist

William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793, British
Mathematician, Geologist
Albrecht von HallerAlbrecht von Haller
16 October 1708, Swiss
Anatomist

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician

Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Volta
18 February 1745, Italian
 

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775, French
Physicist and Mathematician

Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De Coulomb
14 June 1736, French
French physicist
Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot
01 June 1796, French
Physicist and Scientist

William Christopher ZeiseWilliam Christopher Zeise
15 October 1789, Danish
Organic Chemist

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
12 August 1737, French
Botanist, Pharmacist, Physician, Agronomist,

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science
Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta
18 February 1745, Italian
Physicist, Inventor, University teacher

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Emanuel SwedenborgEmanuel Swedenborg
29 January 1688, Swedish
Scientist, Philosopher, Theologian
Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, Politician,

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769, French
Geologist, Anatomist, Paleontologist, Politician,
Daniel Gabriel FahrenheitDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
24 May 1686, Polish
Physicist, Inventor

Luigi GalvaniLuigi Galvani
09 September 1737, Italian
Anatomist, Physicist, Physician, University

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD, British
Mathematician, Statistician
Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb
14 June 1736, French
Physicist

James HuttonJames Hutton
03 June 1726, British, Scottish
Geologist
Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
01 June 1796, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Scientist

Johann Friedrich BlumenbachJohann Friedrich Blumenbach
11 May 1752, German
Physician

Jöns Jacob BerzeliusJöns Jacob Berzelius
20 August 1779, Swedish
Chemist, Non-fiction writer, University teacher

Robert AdamRobert Adam
03 July 1728
Architect, Archaeologist, Politician
Carl Wilhelm ScheeleCarl Wilhelm Scheele
09 December 1742, German, Swedish
chemist, pharmacist
Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781, French
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University

Ernst ChladniErnst Chladni
30 November 1756, German
Physicist, Astronomer

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794, British
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729, Italian
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,
François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre
26 May 1667, French
Mathematician, Statistician

John SoaneJohn Soane
10 September 1753, British
Architect, Archaeologist

Benjamin ThompsonBenjamin Thompson
26 March 1753, American
Physicist, Scientist

David RittenhouseDavid Rittenhouse
08 April 1732, American
Astronomer
Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
06 March 1787, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Chemist

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753, French
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,
Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746, French
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,

Colin MaclaurinColin Maclaurin
01 February 1698, British, Scottish
Edinburgh

Brook TaylorBrook Taylor
18 August 1685, British
Mathematician
William PlayfairWilliam Playfair
22 September 1759, British
Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician

Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728, French, British, Scottish
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher
Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
Croatian
 

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Charles MasonCharles Mason
31 March 1728, British
astronomer

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746, French
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University
Johann Ludwig BurckhardtJohann Ludwig Burckhardt
24 November 1784, Swiss
Explorer, Writer, Art historian, Archaeologist

Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer, Mathematician, University teacher
Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,

Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly
15 September 1736, French
Astronomer, Politician, Mathematician
Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
05 November 1778, Italian
Explorer, Antiquarian, Egyptologist,

Daniel RutherfordDaniel Rutherford
03 November 1749, Scottish
botanist, chemist
Joseph ProustJoseph Proust
26 September 1754, French
Chemist