Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Scientists, including Benjamin Franklin, Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage and John Dalton
Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin
17 January 1706, American
Founding Father of the United States
Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
26 December 1791, British
Father of the computer

Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus
23 May 1707, Swedish
Botanist

Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
22 September 1791, British
Physicist & Chemist

Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707, Swiss, Russian
Mathematician, Physicist

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
26 August 1743, French
Chemist
James WattJames Watt
19 January 1736, Scottish
Inventor of Steam Engine

John DaltonJohn Dalton
06 September 1766, British
 

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733, British
Discoverer of Oxygen
Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778, British
Inventor of Davy Lamp

Daniel BernoulliDaniel Bernoulli
08 February 1700, Swiss
Mathematician
William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

John James AudubonJohn James Audubon
26 April 1785, American
Naturalist, Painter, Ornithologist

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656, British
Astronomer
Hans Christian ØrstedHans Christian Ørsted
14 August 1777, Danish
Physicist

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker
09 November 1731, American
Compiler of Almanacs
Henry CavendishHenry Cavendish
10 October 1731, British
Chemist

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist

Amedeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro
09 August 1776, Italian
Chemist and Physicist
Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
16 March 1789, German
Physicist & Mathematician

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French
Mathematician
Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov
19 November 1711, Russian
Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer

Joseph BanksJoseph Banks
24 February 1743, British
Botanist

Anders CelsiusAnders Celsius
27 November 1701, Swedish
Astronomer, Physicist, Mathematician

Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797, British
Lawyer
Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician
Thomas TelfordThomas Telford
09 August 1757, Scottish
Civil Engineer

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743, French
Mathematician, Philosopher

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
07 September 1707, French
Naturalist

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778, French
Chemist and Physicist
Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625, Italian
Astronomer and Mathematician

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Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788, French
Physicist

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German
Astronomer

Joseph HenryJoseph Henry
17 December 1797, American
Scientist

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
18 September 1752, French
Mathematician
Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Charles MessierCharles Messier
26 June 1730, French
Astronomer
Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775, French
Physicist and Mathematician

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728, Swiss, German, French
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician and Astronomer
Robert BrownRobert Brown
21 December 1773, British, Scottish
Botanist

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician
William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793, British
Mathematician, Geologist

Albrecht von HallerAlbrecht von Haller
16 October 1708, Swiss
Anatomist

Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Volta
18 February 1745, Italian
 

Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot
01 June 1796, French
Physicist and Scientist

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician
William Christopher ZeiseWilliam Christopher Zeise
15 October 1789, Danish
Organic Chemist

Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De Coulomb
14 June 1736, French
French physicist

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical

Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat
24 May 1743, Swiss, French
Politician, Journalist, Physician, Physicist,
Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta
18 February 1745, Italian
Physicist, Inventor, University teacher
Mary AnningMary Anning
21 May 1799, British
Paleontologist

Emanuel SwedenborgEmanuel Swedenborg
29 January 1688, Swedish
Scientist, Philosopher, Theologian

Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck
01 August 1744, French
Botanist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,
Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
23 August 1769, French
Geologist, Anatomist, Paleontologist, Politician,

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, Politician,
Daniel Gabriel FahrenheitDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
24 May 1686, Polish
Physicist, Inventor

James HuttonJames Hutton
03 June 1726, British, Scottish
Geologist

Thomas BayesThomas Bayes
1702 AD, British
Mathematician, Statistician
Luigi GalvaniLuigi Galvani
09 September 1737, Italian
Anatomist, Physicist, Physician, University

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb
14 June 1736, French
Physicist

Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
01 June 1796, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Scientist

Robert AdamRobert Adam
03 July 1728
Architect, Archaeologist, Politician

Jöns Jacob BerzeliusJöns Jacob Berzelius
20 August 1779, Swedish
Chemist, Non-fiction writer, University teacher
Carl Wilhelm ScheeleCarl Wilhelm Scheele
09 December 1742, German, Swedish
chemist, pharmacist
Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729, Italian
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794, British
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
05 November 1778, Italian
Explorer, Antiquarian, Egyptologist,

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781, French
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University
Ernst ChladniErnst Chladni
30 November 1756, German
Physicist, Astronomer

John SoaneJohn Soane
10 September 1753, British
Architect, Archaeologist

Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre
26 May 1667, French
Mathematician, Statistician

Charles MasonCharles Mason
31 March 1728, British
astronomer

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,
William PlayfairWilliam Playfair
22 September 1759, British
Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
Croatian
 
Benjamin ThompsonBenjamin Thompson
26 March 1753, American
Physicist, Scientist

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753, French
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,

Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728, French, British, Scottish
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
06 March 1787, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Chemist
Johann Ludwig BurckhardtJohann Ludwig Burckhardt
24 November 1784, Swiss
Explorer, Writer, Art historian, Archaeologist

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746, French
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University

Brook TaylorBrook Taylor
18 August 1685, British
Mathematician

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746, French
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,
Colin MaclaurinColin Maclaurin
01 February 1698, British, Scottish
Edinburgh

Patrick WilsonPatrick Wilson
Scottish
 
Daniel RutherfordDaniel Rutherford
03 November 1749, Scottish
botanist, chemist

Thomas AddisonThomas Addison
02 April 1793, British, Scottish
Physician, scientist
Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,

Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
12 August 1737, French
Botanist, Pharmacist, Physician, Agronomist,
Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer, Mathematician, University teacher