18th Century Inventors & Discoverers
James WattJames Watt
19 January 1736, Scottish
Inventor of Steam Engine
Eli WhitneyEli Whitney
08 December 1765, American
American inventor

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778, British
Inventor of Davy Lamp

Samuel MorseSamuel Morse
27 April 1791, American
Painter

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733, British
Discoverer of Oxygen

George StephensonGeorge Stephenson
09 June 1781, British
Father of Railways
Robert FultonRobert Fulton
14 November 1765, American
American engineer & inventor

Nicéphore NiépceNicéphore Niépce
07 March 1765, French
Creator of World's First Permanent Photographic

Richard ArkwrightRichard Arkwright
23 December 1732, British
Inventor

Richard TrevithickRichard Trevithick
13 April 1771, British
Pioneer of steam-powered road & rail transport
Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778, French
Chemist and Physicist

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788, French
Physicist
Peter CooperPeter Cooper
12 February 1791, American
Industrialist & Inventors

René LaennecRené Laennec
17 February 1781, French
Inventor of Stethoscope

Edmund CartwrightEdmund Cartwright
24 April 1743, British
Inventor
Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget
18 January 1779, British
Lexicographer

John WilkinsonJohn Wilkinson
1728 AD, British
Pioneer in cast iron manufacturing
Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta
18 February 1745, Italian
Physicist, Inventor, University teacher

Daniel Gabriel FahrenheitDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
24 May 1686, Polish
Physicist, Inventor

George CayleyGeorge Cayley
27 December 1773, British
Aeronautical engineer, Engineer, Politician
Joseph-Ignace GuillotinJoseph-Ignace Guillotin
28 May 1738, French
Physician, Politician, Inventor

Johann Wolfgang DöbereinerJohann Wolfgang Döbereiner
13 December 1780, German
Chemist
Nicolas-Joseph CugnotNicolas-Joseph Cugnot
26 February 1725, French
combat engineer

Claude ChappeClaude Chappe
25 December 1763, French
Inventor

James HargreavesJames Hargreaves
1720 AD, British
carpenter, inventor, engineer

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746, French
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,
David RittenhouseDavid Rittenhouse
08 April 1732, American
Astronomer

Joseph Marie JacquardJoseph Marie Jacquard
07 July 1752, French
Inventor, Weaver, Merchant

William MurdochWilliam Murdoch
21 August 1754, British
Inventor, Engineer

Karl DraisKarl Drais
29 April 1785, German
Inventor, Forester
Pierre Choderlos de LaclosPierre Choderlos de Laclos
18 October 1741, French
Writer, Inventor, Novelist, Officer

Continue Reading Below
Oliver EvansOliver Evans
13 September 1755, American
Inventor

Jacques de VaucansonJacques de Vaucanson
24 February 1709, French
Inventor, Engineer

Samuel CromptonSamuel Crompton
03 December 1753, British
Inventor

Joseph BramahJoseph Bramah
13 April 1748, British
Civil engineer, Engineer
Henry MaudslayHenry Maudslay
22 August 1771, British
Innovator

Nicolas AppertNicolas Appert
17 November 1749, French
confectioner, inventor
Henry ShrapnelHenry Shrapnel
03 June 1761, British
Inventor

Rowland HillRowland Hill
03 December 1795, British
Educator

Charles MacintoshCharles Macintosh
29 December 1766
Chemist, Inventor
Guillaume AmontonsGuillaume Amontons
31 August 1663, French
Physicist

Wolfgang von KempelenWolfgang von Kempelen
23 January 1734, Hungarian
Engineer, Writer, Painter, Playwright, Chess
Jean-Pierre BlanchardJean-Pierre Blanchard
04 July 1753, French
Inventor, Balloonist

Philip AstleyPhilip Astley
08 January 1742, British
Equestrian

William SturgeonWilliam Sturgeon
22 May 1783, British
Physicist, Inventor

André-Jacques GarnerinAndré-Jacques Garnerin
31 January 1769, French
Inventor, Balloonist

Alexander Gordon LaingAlexander Gordon Laing
27 December 1794, British
Explorer
John KayJohn Kay
23 June 1704, British
inventor

John FitchJohn Fitch
21 January 1743, American
inventor, watchmaker, engineer, entrepreneur

Walter HuntWalter Hunt
29 July 1796, American
inventor

Thomas HancockThomas Hancock
08 May 1786, British
inventor, engineer
Friedrich Gottlob KoenigFriedrich Gottlob Koenig
17 April 1774, German
 

Jean-Baptist-Point Du SableJean-Baptist-Point Du Sable
1745 AD, Haitian, American
Pioneer