18th Century Inventors & Discoverers
James WattJames Watt
19 January 1736, Scottish
Inventor of Steam Engine
Samuel MorseSamuel Morse
27 April 1791, American
Painter

Eli WhitneyEli Whitney
08 December 1765, American
American inventor

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778, British
Inventor of Davy Lamp

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733, British
Discoverer of Oxygen

George StephensonGeorge Stephenson
09 June 1781, British
Father of Railways
Nicéphore NiépceNicéphore Niépce
07 March 1765, French
Creator of World's First Permanent Photographic

Robert FultonRobert Fulton
14 November 1765, American
American engineer & inventor

Richard TrevithickRichard Trevithick
13 April 1771, British
Pioneer of steam-powered road & rail transport
Richard ArkwrightRichard Arkwright
23 December 1732, British
Inventor

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778, French
Chemist and Physicist
Peter CooperPeter Cooper
12 February 1791, American
Industrialist & Inventors

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788, French
Physicist

René LaennecRené Laennec
17 February 1781, French
Inventor of Stethoscope

Edmund CartwrightEdmund Cartwright
24 April 1743, British
Inventor

Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget
18 January 1779, British
Lexicographer
John WilkinsonJohn Wilkinson
1728 AD, British
Pioneer in cast iron manufacturing

Jean-Baptist-Point Du SableJean-Baptist-Point Du Sable
1745 AD, Haitian, American
Pioneer

Daniel Gabriel FahrenheitDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
24 May 1686, Polish
Physicist, Inventor

Joseph-Michel MontgolfierJoseph-Michel Montgolfier
26 August 1740, French
Aviator
John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792, British
Polymath

George CayleyGeorge Cayley
27 December 1773, British
Engineer
Nicolas-Joseph CugnotNicolas-Joseph Cugnot
26 February 1725, French
combat engineer

Pierre-Augustin Caron de BeaumarchaisPierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
24 January 1732, French
Polymath

David RittenhouseDavid Rittenhouse
08 April 1732, American
Astronomer
Johann Wolfgang DöbereinerJohann Wolfgang Döbereiner
13 December 1780, German
Chemist

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746, French
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,
Pierre Choderlos de LaclosPierre Choderlos de Laclos
18 October 1741, French
Writer, Inventor, Novelist, Officer

Karl DraisKarl Drais
29 April 1785, German
Inventor, Forester

James HargreavesJames Hargreaves
1720 AD, British
carpenter, inventor, engineer
Nicolas AppertNicolas Appert
17 November 1749, French
confectioner, inventor

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Joseph Marie JacquardJoseph Marie Jacquard
07 July 1752, French
Inventor
William MurdochWilliam Murdoch
21 August 1754, Scottish
Engineer

Henry ShrapnelHenry Shrapnel
03 June 1761, British
Inventor

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Scientist

Jacques de VaucansonJacques de Vaucanson
24 February 1709, French
Inventor, Engineer
Hennig BrandHennig Brand
1630 AD, German
Merchant
Rowland HillRowland Hill
03 December 1795, British
Teacher

Walter HuntWalter Hunt
29 July 1796, American
inventor

Joseph BramahJoseph Bramah
13 April 1748, British
Civil engineer, Engineer

David BushnellDavid Bushnell
30 August 1740, American
Inventor
Benjamin HuntsmanBenjamin Huntsman
04 June 1704, British
Inventor

Charles MacintoshCharles Macintosh
29 December 1766
Chemist, Inventor

Jean-Pierre BlanchardJean-Pierre Blanchard
04 July 1753, French
Inventor, Balloonist

William ThorntonWilliam Thornton
20 May 1759, British, American
Physician

Wolfgang von KempelenWolfgang von Kempelen
23 January 1734, Hungarian
Engineer, Writer, Painter, Playwright, Chess
Oliver EvansOliver Evans
13 September 1755, American
Inventor

Samuel CromptonSamuel Crompton
03 December 1753, British
Inventor
Philip AstleyPhilip Astley
08 January 1742, British
Equestrian

Matthias W. BaldwinMatthias W. Baldwin
10 December 1795, American
Inventor

Henry MaudslayHenry Maudslay
22 August 1771, British
Innovator
Claude ChappeClaude Chappe
25 December 1763, French
Inventor

John StevensJohn Stevens
26 June 1748, American
Lawyer
Guillaume AmontonsGuillaume Amontons
31 August 1663, French
Physicist

John FitchJohn Fitch
21 January 1743, American
inventor, watchmaker, engineer, entrepreneur

William SturgeonWilliam Sturgeon
22 May 1783, British
Physicist, Inventor

Nicolas-Jacques ContéNicolas-Jacques Conté
04 August 1755, French
Painter

Henry DeringerHenry Deringer
26 October 1786, American
Gunsmith
Robert StirlingRobert Stirling
25 October 1790, Scottish
Clergyman

Alexander Gordon LaingAlexander Gordon Laing
27 December 1794, British
Explorer

Percivall PottPercivall Pott
06 January 1714, British
Surgeon

Theobald BoehmTheobald Boehm
09 April 1794, German
Inventor
Jacob PerkinsJacob Perkins
09 July 1766, American
Inventor

Jeanne Villepreux-PowerJeanne Villepreux-Power
24 September 1794, French
Biologist
Thomas EarnshawThomas Earnshaw
04 February 1749, British
Watchmaker

Ewald Georg von KleistEwald Georg von Kleist
10 June 1700, Polish
Jurist

André-Jacques GarnerinAndré-Jacques Garnerin
31 January 1769, French
Inventor, Balloonist
Henry Miller ShreveHenry Miller Shreve
21 October 1785, American
Inventor

Thomas HancockThomas Hancock
08 May 1786, British
inventor, engineer
Louis-Sébastien LenormandLouis-Sébastien Lenormand
25 May 1757, French
Chemist

Goldsworthy GurneyGoldsworthy Gurney
14 February 1793, British
Surgeon

John ByromJohn Byrom
29 February 1692, British
Poet
John Claudius LoudonJohn Claudius Loudon
08 April 1783, Scottish
Botanist

Jan van der HeydenJan van der Heyden
05 March 1637, Dutch
Painter
Christian Friedrich SchönbeinChristian Friedrich Schönbein
18 October 1799, Swiss, German
Chemist

Henry CortHenry Cort
1740 AD, British
Ironmaster

Richard Lovell EdgeworthRichard Lovell Edgeworth
31 May 1744, Irish, British
Politician

Samuel MoreySamuel Morey
23 October 1762, American
Inventor
Eleanor CoadeEleanor Coade
03 June 1733, British
Businesswoman
Johann Christoph DennerJohann Christoph Denner
13 August 1655, German
Musical Instrument maker

John BlenkinsopJohn Blenkinsop
1783 AD, British
Engineer

Christopher PolhemChristopher Polhem
18 December 1661, Swedish
Scientist

Friedrich Gottlob KoenigFriedrich Gottlob Koenig
17 April 1774, German
 
Sir William Congreve, 2nd BaronetSir William Congreve, 2nd Baronet
20 May 1772, British
Inventor

Bernard CourtoisBernard Courtois
08 February 1777, French
Chemist

Bryan DonkinBryan Donkin
22 March 1768, British
Developer

Anselme PayenAnselme Payen
06 January 1795, French
Chemist

Johann Nicolaus von DreyseJohann Nicolaus von Dreyse
20 November 1787, German
Inventor
William Reid ClannyWilliam Reid Clanny
1776 AD, Irish
Physician

Benjamin WaterhouseBenjamin Waterhouse
04 March 1754, American
Physician
William NicholsonWilliam Nicholson
13 December 1753, British
Chemist and inventor

Alexander John ForsythAlexander John Forsyth
28 December 1768, British
Inventor
Eli TerryEli Terry
13 April 1772, American
Inventor
Andrew MeikleAndrew Meikle
05 May 1719, Scottish
Engineer