18th Century Inventors & Discoverers
James WattJames Watt
19 January 1736, Scottish
Inventor of Steam Engine
Samuel MorseSamuel Morse
27 April 1791, American
Painter

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy
17 December 1778, British
Inventor of Davy Lamp

Eli WhitneyEli Whitney
08 December 1765, American
American inventor

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733, British
Discoverer of Oxygen

Nicéphore NiépceNicéphore Niépce
07 March 1765, French
Creator of World's First Permanent Photographic
George StephensonGeorge Stephenson
09 June 1781, British
Father of Railways

Robert FultonRobert Fulton
14 November 1765, American
American engineer & inventor

Richard ArkwrightRichard Arkwright
23 December 1732, British
Inventor
Richard TrevithickRichard Trevithick
13 April 1771, British
Pioneer of steam-powered road & rail transport

René LaennecRené Laennec
17 February 1781, French
Inventor of Stethoscope
Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778, French
Chemist and Physicist

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788, French
Physicist

Peter CooperPeter Cooper
12 February 1791, American
Industrialist & Inventors

Edmund CartwrightEdmund Cartwright
24 April 1743, British
Inventor

Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget
18 January 1779, British
Lexicographer
John WilkinsonJohn Wilkinson
1728 AD, British
Pioneer in cast iron manufacturing

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta
18 February 1745, Italian
Physicist, Inventor, University teacher

Joseph-Ignace GuillotinJoseph-Ignace Guillotin
28 May 1738, French
Physician, Politician, Inventor

Daniel Gabriel FahrenheitDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
24 May 1686, Polish
Physicist, Inventor
John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792, British
Polymath

Nicolas-Joseph CugnotNicolas-Joseph Cugnot
26 February 1725, French
combat engineer
David RittenhouseDavid Rittenhouse
08 April 1732, American
Astronomer

George CayleyGeorge Cayley
27 December 1773, British
Engineer

André-Jacques GarnerinAndré-Jacques Garnerin
31 January 1769, French
Inventor, Balloonist
Joseph Marie JacquardJoseph Marie Jacquard
07 July 1752, French
Inventor

Johann Wolfgang DöbereinerJohann Wolfgang Döbereiner
13 December 1780, German
Chemist
William MurdochWilliam Murdoch
21 August 1754, Scottish
Engineer

Pierre Choderlos de LaclosPierre Choderlos de Laclos
18 October 1741, French
Writer, Inventor, Novelist, Officer

Nicolas AppertNicolas Appert
17 November 1749, French
confectioner, inventor
James HargreavesJames Hargreaves
1720 AD, British
carpenter, inventor, engineer

Continue Reading Below
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781, British, Scottish
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,
Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746, French
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,

Claude ChappeClaude Chappe
25 December 1763, French
Inventor

Hennig BrandHennig Brand
1630 AD, German
Merchant

Karl DraisKarl Drais
29 April 1785, German
Inventor, Forester
Matthias W. BaldwinMatthias W. Baldwin
10 December 1795, American
Inventor
Oliver EvansOliver Evans
13 September 1755, American
Inventor

Jacques de VaucansonJacques de Vaucanson
24 February 1709, French
Inventor, Engineer

Ebenezer KinnersleyEbenezer Kinnersley
30 November 1711, British, American
Scientist

Henry MaudslayHenry Maudslay
22 August 1771, British
Innovator
Joseph BramahJoseph Bramah
13 April 1748, British
Civil engineer, Engineer

William ThorntonWilliam Thornton
20 May 1759, British, American
Physician

Samuel CromptonSamuel Crompton
03 December 1753, British
Inventor

Charles MacintoshCharles Macintosh
29 December 1766
Chemist, Inventor

Jean-Pierre BlanchardJean-Pierre Blanchard
04 July 1753, French
Inventor, Balloonist
Wolfgang von KempelenWolfgang von Kempelen
23 January 1734, Hungarian
Engineer, Writer, Painter, Playwright, Chess

Guillaume AmontonsGuillaume Amontons
31 August 1663, French
Physicist
Henry ShrapnelHenry Shrapnel
03 June 1761, British
Inventor

David BushnellDavid Bushnell
30 August 1740, American
Inventor

Henry DeringerHenry Deringer
26 October 1786, American
Gunsmith
Christian Friedrich SchönbeinChristian Friedrich Schönbein
18 October 1799, Swiss, German
Chemist

William SturgeonWilliam Sturgeon
22 May 1783, British
Physicist, Inventor
Jacob PerkinsJacob Perkins
09 July 1766, American
Inventor

Percivall PottPercivall Pott
06 January 1714, British
Surgeon

Philip AstleyPhilip Astley
08 January 1742, British
Equestrian

Bernard CourtoisBernard Courtois
08 February 1777, French
Chemist

Ewald Georg von KleistEwald Georg von Kleist
10 June 1700, Polish
Jurist
Alexander Gordon LaingAlexander Gordon Laing
27 December 1794, British
Explorer

Theobald BoehmTheobald Boehm
09 April 1794, German
Inventor

Robert StirlingRobert Stirling
25 October 1790, Scottish
Clergyman

Thomas EarnshawThomas Earnshaw
04 February 1749, British
Watchmaker
John Claudius LoudonJohn Claudius Loudon
08 April 1783, Scottish
Botanist

Benjamin HuntsmanBenjamin Huntsman
04 June 1704, British
Inventor
Samuel MoreySamuel Morey
23 October 1762, American
Inventor

Henry Miller ShreveHenry Miller Shreve
21 October 1785, American
Inventor

Christopher PolhemChristopher Polhem
18 December 1661, Swedish
Scientist
Henry CortHenry Cort
1740 AD, British
Ironmaster

Jan van der HeydenJan van der Heyden
05 March 1637, Dutch
Painter
Goldsworthy GurneyGoldsworthy Gurney
14 February 1793, British
Surgeon

Louis-Sébastien LenormandLouis-Sébastien Lenormand
25 May 1757, French
Chemist

Charles Xavier ThomasCharles Xavier Thomas
05 May 1785, French
Inventor
John ByromJohn Byrom
29 February 1692, British
Poet

Bryan DonkinBryan Donkin
22 March 1768, British
Developer
Anselme PayenAnselme Payen
06 January 1795, French
Chemist

Eleanor CoadeEleanor Coade
03 June 1733, British
Businesswoman

Jesse RamsdenJesse Ramsden
06 October 1735, British
Mathematician

Richard Lovell EdgeworthRichard Lovell Edgeworth
31 May 1744, Irish, British
Politician
Eli TerryEli Terry
13 April 1772, American
Inventor
Johann Christoph DennerJohann Christoph Denner
13 August 1655, German
Musical Instrument maker

John BlenkinsopJohn Blenkinsop
1783 AD, British
Engineer

John RoebuckJohn Roebuck
1718 AD, British
Inventor

Johann Nicolaus von DreyseJohann Nicolaus von Dreyse
20 November 1787, German
Inventor
Sir William Congreve, 2nd BaronetSir William Congreve, 2nd Baronet
20 May 1772, British
Inventor

William SymingtonWilliam Symington
1764 AD, Scottish
Engineer

Jeanne Villepreux-PowerJeanne Villepreux-Power
24 September 1794, French
Biologist

Alexander John ForsythAlexander John Forsyth
28 December 1768, British
Inventor

Giovanni Battista AmiciGiovanni Battista Amici
25 March 1786, Italian
Astronomer
Benjamin WaterhouseBenjamin Waterhouse
04 March 1754, American
Physician

Marc SeguinMarc Seguin
20 April 1786, French
Engineer
James Beaumont NeilsonJames Beaumont Neilson
22 June 1792, Scottish
Inventor

Andrew MeikleAndrew Meikle
05 May 1719, Scottish
Engineer
Chauncey JeromeChauncey Jerome
10 June 1793, American
Clockmaker
Fausto ElhuyarFausto Elhuyar
11 October 1755, Spanish
Chemist