Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Inventors & Discoverers, including James Watt, Samuel Morse, Alessandro Volta, Eli Whitney and Humphry Davy

18th Century Inventors & Discoverers
James WattJames Watt

19 January 1736

25 August 1819

Greenock, Renfrewshire, Scotland

Scottish

Capricorn

Eli WhitneyEli Whitney

08 December 1765

08 January 1825

Westborough

American

Sagittarius

Samuel MorseSamuel Morse

27 April 1791

02 April 1872

Charlestown, Boston

American

Taurus

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley

24 March 1733

06 February 1804

Birstall

British

Aries

Humphry DavyHumphry Davy

17 December 1778

29 May 1829

Penzance

British

Sagittarius

George StephensonGeorge Stephenson

09 June 1781

12 August 1848

Wylam

British

Gemini

Robert FultonRobert Fulton

14 November 1765

24 February 1815

Little Britain, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

American

Scorpio

Richard ArkwrightRichard Arkwright

23 December 1732

03 August 1792

Preston, Lancashire

British

Capricorn

Nicéphore NiépceNicéphore Niépce

07 March 1765

05 July 1833

Chalon-sur-Saône

French

Pisces

Richard TrevithickRichard Trevithick

13 April 1771

22 April 1833

Tregajorran, Cornwall, England

British

Aries

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac

06 December 1778

09 May 1850

Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat

French

Sagittarius

René LaennecRené Laennec

17 February 1781

13 August 1826

Quimper, France

French

Aquarius

Peter CooperPeter Cooper

12 February 1791

04 April 1883

New York City

American

Aquarius

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel

10 May 1788

14 July 1827

Broglie (Eure)

French

Taurus

Edmund CartwrightEdmund Cartwright

24 April 1743

30 October 1823

Nottinghamshire

British

Taurus

Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget

18 January 1779

12 September 1869

Soho

British

Capricorn

John WilkinsonJohn Wilkinson

1728 AD

14 July 1808

Bridgefoot

British

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta

18 February 1745

05 March 1827

Como

Italian

Aquarius

Victor of AveyronVictor of Aveyron

1785 AD

1828 AD

Aveyron, France

French

Louis DaguerreLouis Daguerre

18 November 1787

10 July 1851

Cormeilles-en-Parisis

French

Scorpio

Daniel Gabriel FahrenheitDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

24 May 1686

16 September 1736

Gdańsk

Polish

Gemini

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles

12 November 1746

07 April 1823

Beaugency

French

Scorpio

James HargreavesJames Hargreaves

1720 AD

22 April 1778

Blackburn

British

Nicolas-Joseph CugnotNicolas-Joseph Cugnot

26 February 1725

02 October 1804

Lorraine

French

Pisces

George CayleyGeorge Cayley

27 December 1773

15 December 1857

Scarborough

British

Capricorn

Joseph-Ignace GuillotinJoseph-Ignace Guillotin

28 May 1738

26 March 1814

Saintes

French

Gemini

Pierre Choderlos de LaclosPierre Choderlos de Laclos

18 October 1741

05 September 1803

Amiens

French

Libra

Joseph Marie JacquardJoseph Marie Jacquard

07 July 1752

07 August 1834

Lyon

French

Cancer

David BrewsterDavid Brewster

11 December 1781

10 February 1868

Jedburgh

British,Scottish

Sagittarius

Claude ChappeClaude Chappe

25 December 1763

23 January 1805

Brûlon

French

Capricorn

Karl DraisKarl Drais

29 April 1785

10 December 1851

Karlsruhe

German

Taurus

Oliver EvansOliver Evans

13 September 1755

15 April 1819

Newport

American

Virgo

William MurdochWilliam Murdoch

21 August 1754

15 November 1839

Ayrshire

British

Leo

Nicolas AppertNicolas Appert

17 November 1749

01 June 1841

Châlons-en-Champagne

French

Scorpio

Charles MacintoshCharles Macintosh

29 December 1766

25 July 1843

Glasgow

Capricorn

Jacques de VaucansonJacques de Vaucanson

24 February 1709

21 November 1782

Grenoble

French

Pisces

Joseph BramahJoseph Bramah

13 April 1748

09 December 1814

Barnsley

British

Aries

Jean-Pierre BlanchardJean-Pierre Blanchard

04 July 1753

07 March 1809

Les Andelys

French

Cancer

Wolfgang von KempelenWolfgang von Kempelen

23 January 1734

26 March 1804

Bratislava

Hungarian

Aquarius

William SturgeonWilliam Sturgeon

22 May 1783

04 December 1850

Whittington

British

Gemini

André-Jacques GarnerinAndré-Jacques Garnerin

31 January 1769

18 August 1823

Paris

French

Aquarius

John KayJohn Kay

23 June 1704

1780 AD

Bury

British

Cancer

John FitchJohn Fitch

21 January 1743

02 July 1798

Windsor

American

Aquarius

Walter HuntWalter Hunt

29 July 1796

08 June 1859

New York

American

Leo

Thomas HancockThomas Hancock

08 May 1786

26 March 1865

Marlborough, Wiltshire

British

Taurus

Friedrich Gottlob KoenigFriedrich Gottlob Koenig

17 April 1774

17 January 1833

German

Aries