Famous 18th Century Lawyers & Judges

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Vote for Your Favourite 18th Century Lawyers & Judges

 1 
Maximilien de Robespierre
(French Lawyer and Statesman & One of the Most Influential Figures of the 'French Revolution')

Maximilien de Robespierre
4
Birthdate: May 6, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Arras, France
Died: July 28, 1794
Maximilien de Robespierre was a leading left-wing lawyer and leader during the Reign of Terror. He led the Committee of Public Safety and was part of the Constituent Assembly and the Jacobin Club. He was accused of establishing a dictatorship and was guillotined in 1794, thus beginning the Thermidorian Reaction.

 2 
James Monroe
(One of the Founding Fathers Who Served as the 5th President of the United States)

James Monroe
5
Birthdate: April 28, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Monroe Hall, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1831

James Monroe, a Founding Father of the U.S., served as the American president from 1817 to 1825. He opposed European colonialism and issued the Monroe Doctrine. He had also been a U.S. secretary of state, the Virginia governor, a U.S. Senate member, and the American ambassador to Britain and France.

 3 
John Jay
(1st Chief Justice of the United States (1789 - 1795))

John Jay
5
Birthdate: December 12, 1745
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 1829

One of the Founding Fathers of the United States who signed the famous Paris Treaty, John Jay was best known as the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, although he occupied various other important public positions. He was a diplomat, who shaped his country’s foreign policy. He passed legislation to gradually abolish slavery, but he himself owned five enslaved people.

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 4 
John Marshall
(Former Chief Justice)

John Marshall
5
Birthdate: September 24, 1755
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Germantown
Died: July 6, 1835

John Marshall was an American lawyer and politician. From 1801 to 1835, Marshall worked as the fourth Chief Justice of the US. He remains the longest-serving chief justice in Supreme Court history and is considered one of the most influential Supreme Court justices of all time. In 2005, a commemorative dollar was minted in his honor.

 5 

Charles Evans Hughes
4
Birthdate: April 11, 1862
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Glens Falls, New York, U.S.
Died: August 27, 1948

 6 
Spencer Perceval
(Politician, Lawyer)

Spencer Perceval
4
Birthdate: November 1, 1762
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London
Died: May 11, 1812

Spencer Perceval was an English barrister and statesman who served as the United Kingdom's Prime Minister from 1809 to 1812. The only solicitor-general to have served as UK's prime minister, Perceval was also the only British PM to have been murdered. His assassination inspired poems like Universal sympathy on the martyr'd statesman, which was published in 1812.

 7 
Roger Sherman
(Politician)

Roger Sherman
4
Birthdate: April 19, 1721
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Newton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 23, 1793
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 8 
Thomas Jefferson
(3rd President of the United States)

Thomas Jefferson
1
Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

 9 
Cesare Beccaria
(One of the Greatest Thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment Known for His Treatise 'On Crimes and Punishments')

Cesare Beccaria
3
Birthdate: March 15, 1738
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: November 28, 1794

Cesare Beccaria was an 18th-century Italian criminologist, philosopher, jurist, and politician. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment. He is still remembered for his treatise On Crimes and Punishments (1764), a pioneering work in the field of penology. He is considered the father of modern criminal law. 

 10 
Samuel Chase
(Founding Father of the United States and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1796 - 1811))

Samuel Chase
4
Birthdate: April 17, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Somerset County, Maryland, United States
Died: June 19, 1811

Samuel Chase was one of the founding fathers of the USA. From 1796 to 1811, he served as the Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also a signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence.

 11 
John Rutledge
(Chief Justice)

John Rutledge
4
Birthdate: September 17, 1739
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: July 23, 1800

 12 

William Blackstone
4
Birthdate: July 10, 1723
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 14, 1780

William Blackstone was a British politician, jurist, and judge of the 18th century. Best remembered for authoring the Commentaries on the Laws of England, Blackstone is credited with influencing prominent American personalities like Abraham Lincoln, James Kent, Alexander Hamilton, and John Marshall among others. His Commentaries, which were cited often in Supreme Court cases, were repeatedly republished throughout the 1770s.

 13 
Carlo Buonaparte
(Lawyer Best Known as the Father of 'Napoleon Bonaparte' and Grandfather of 'Napoleon III')

Carlo Buonaparte
4
Birthdate: March 27, 1746
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ajaccio, France
Died: February 24, 1785

Though he initially studied law, Carlo Buonaparte quit without a degree to take charge of his inheritance after his father’s death. He later served Pasquale Paoli. However, following the French conquest of Corsica, he completed his legal education. He is best remembered as the father of Napoleon Bonaparte.

 14 
James Wilson
(One of the Founding Fathers of the United States & a Signatory of the Declaration of Independence)

James Wilson
3
Birthdate: September 14, 1742
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fife, Scotland
Died: August 21, 1798

James Wilson was an American statesman, legal scholar, politician, and founding father of the United States of America. He served as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1789 to 1798.  A leading legal theorist, he played a key role in drafting the United States Constitution. He was also a professor of law. 

 15 
Guadalupe Victoria
(Politician, Military personnel, Lawyer)

Guadalupe Victoria
4
Birthdate: September 29, 1786
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tamazula
Died: March 21, 1846

 16 

Robert R. Livingston
4
Birthdate: November 27, 1746
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 26, 1813

 17 

Oliver Ellsworth
3
Birthdate: April 29, 1745
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Windsor, Connecticut, United States
Died: November 26, 1807

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville
6
Birthdate: April 28, 1742
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: May 28, 1811

His mastery of Scottish politics earned Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville the nickname King Harry the Ninth. Apart from serving as the First Lord of the Admiralty and the Secretary of State for War, he also played a significant role in the British expansion in India. He was also a successful lawyer initially.

 19 
Peyton Randolph
(Politician)

Peyton Randolph
4
Birthdate: September 10, 1721
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Williamsburg, Virginia
Died: October 22, 1775

 20 
Joseph Story
(Lawyer & Jurist)

Joseph Story
3
Birthdate: September 18, 1779
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Marblehead
Died: September 10, 1845

 21 
John J. Crittenden
(Politician)

John J. Crittenden
3
Birthdate: September 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Versailles, Kentucky, United States
Died: July 26, 1863

Anthelme Brillat-Savarin
3
Birthdate: April 1, 1755
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Belley, France
Died: February 2, 1826

 23 

Bushrod Washington
3
Birthdate: June 5, 1762
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Westmoreland County
Died: November 26, 1829

 24 
Manuel Belgrano
(Lawyer, Journalist, Economist, Politician, Soldier, Jurist)

Manuel Belgrano
3
Birthdate: June 3, 1770
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: June 20, 1820

Manuel Belgrano was an Argentine lawyer, politician, economist, journalist, and military leader. Widely regarded as one of the most important Libertadores of Argentina, Belgrano played a prominent role in the Argentine Wars of Independence and is credited with creating the Flag of Argentina. Manuel Belgrano is regarded as one of the greatest heroes in the history of Argentina.

 25 

Edmund Jennings Randolph
3
Birthdate: August 10, 1753
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Williamsburg, Virginia, United States
Died: September 12, 1813

 26 
Camille Desmoulins
(Journalist, Politician, Lawyer)

Camille Desmoulins
4
Birthdate: March 2, 1760
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Guise
Died: April 5, 1794

 27 
Rufus King
(Politician)

Rufus King
4
Birthdate: March 24, 1755
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Scarborough, Maine, United States
Died: April 29, 1827

 28 

William H. Crawford
2
Birthdate: February 24, 1772
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Amherst County, Virginia, United States
Died: September 15, 1834

 29 
Thomas Johnson
(Governor)

Thomas Johnson
2
Birthdate: November 4, 1732
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint Leonard, Maryland, United States
Died: October 26, 1819

 30 

Stephen Hopkins
2
Birthdate: March 7, 1707
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: July 13, 1785

 31 
Thomas McKean
(Lawyer, Politician, Judge)

Thomas McKean
5
Birthdate: March 19, 1734
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Province of Pennsylvania
Died: June 24, 1817

One of the Founding Fathers of the US, Thomas McKean was the son of a tavern keeper and later became a successful barrister and politician. He simultaneously served in the Continental Congress of Delaware while he was also the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.

 32 
Francis Hopkinson
(Founding Father of the United States)

Francis Hopkinson
2
Birthdate: September 2, 1737
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 9, 1791

 33 
William Hull
(United States General)

William Hull
2
Birthdate: June 24, 1753
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Derby, Connecticut, United States
Died: November 29, 1825

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield
6
Birthdate: March 2, 1705
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Scone Palace, Scotland
Died: March 20, 1793

British jurist William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield is remembered for his significant contribution to the English commercial law. He had been the chief justice of the King’s Bench. Though he brough in new reforms in areas of finance, he mostly avoided dealing with issues such as slavery.

 35 

James Otis, Jr.
2
Birthdate: February 5, 1725
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 23, 1783

 36 

Andrew Hamilton
2
Birthdate: 1676 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: August 4, 1741

 37 
John McLean
(Jurist and politician)

John McLean
2
Birthdate: March 11, 1785
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Morris County, New Jersey, United States
Died: April 4, 1861

 38 
Robert Treat Paine
(Founding Father of the United States)

Robert Treat Paine
2
Birthdate: March 11, 1731
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 11, 1814

 39 
Belva Ann Lockwood
(American lawyer)

Belva Ann Lockwood
2
Birthdate: October 24, 1830
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Royalton, New York
Died: May 19, 1917

 40 

Louis-Joseph Papineau
2
Birthdate: October 7, 1786
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Montreal, Canada
Died: September 23, 1871

 41 
John Sullivan
(Politician)

John Sullivan
2
Birthdate: February 17, 1740
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Somersworth, New Hampshire, United States
Died: January 23, 1795

 42 
Richard Stockton
(Judge, Lawyer)

Richard Stockton
2
Birthdate: October 1, 1730
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Princeton, New Jersey, United States
Died: February 28, 1781

 43 
Edward Bates
(Lawyer)

Edward Bates
2
Birthdate: September 4, 1793
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Goochland County, Virginia, U.S.
Died: March 25, 1869

Charles Alexandre de Calonne
2
Birthdate: January 20, 1734
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Douai, France
Died: October 29, 1802

Born to a magistrate, Charles Alexandre de Calonne initially followed in his father’s footsteps to become a lawyer and gradually rose to be the controller-general of finance when the French government was sinking in debt. His suggestion of taxing the rich was rejected, paving the path for the French Revolution.

 45 
John Slidell
(Politician)

John Slidell
2
Birthdate: 1793 AD
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: July 9, 1871

 46 
Richard Rush
(United States Attorney General)

Richard Rush
2
Birthdate: August 29, 1780
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United Sates
Died: July 30, 1859

Friedrich Carl von Savigny
2
Birthdate: February 21, 1779
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: October 25, 1861

 48 
George Read
(Politician)

George Read
2
Birthdate: September 18, 1733
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cecil County, Maryland, United States
Died: September 21, 1798

 49 
William L. Marcy
(Politician)

William L. Marcy
4
Birthdate: December 12, 1786
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Southbridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 4, 1857

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
2
Birthdate: September 19, 1778
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cowgate, Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: May 7, 1868