Famous 18th Century Artists & Painters

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Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Painters, including J. M. W. Turner, Francisco Goya, Samuel Morse, Hokusai and Jacques-Louis David.
Vote for Your Favourite 18th Century Artists & Painters
 1 
William Blake
(English Poet Who is Considered a Seminal Figure in the History of the Poetry of the Romantic Age)
William Blake
14
Birthdate: November 28, 1757
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: August 12, 1827
William Blake, author of The Songs of Innocence and of Experience, was a prominent figure of the early phase of the Romantic Age, known as the pre-Romantic era. Known for his visual artistry and poetry, he was also a staunch abolitionist and a forerunner of the "free love" movement.
 2 
Francisco Goya
(Painters)
Francisco Goya
9
Birthdate: March 30, 1746
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Fuendetodos
Died: April 16, 1828
One of the most successful and distinguished artists of his time, Spanish painter Francisco Goya is regarded as both the first of the moderns and last of the Old Masters. His career was initially marked by Rococo style tapestry cartoons and Spanish aristocracy and royalty but later his works became pessimistic.
 3 
J. M. W. Turner
(Romantic painter)
J. M. W. Turner
13
Birthdate: April 23, 1775
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 19, 1851

J. M. W. Turner was an English printmaker, painter, and watercolorist best remembered for his imaginative landscapes and expressive colorizations. Intensely reclusive and eccentric throughout his life, Turner lived in poor health and squalor for the last few years of his life. He was portrayed by actor Timothy Spall in the 2014 biographical film, Mr. Turner.

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 4 
Jacques-Louis David
5
Birthdate: August 30, 1748
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 29, 1825

Jacques-Louis David was a French painter. Widely regarded as the greatest painter of the Neoclassical era, David's works had a strong influence in France in the early-19th century. His works are often linked to the birth of Romanticism. Many of his pupils, such as Antoine-Jean Gros and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, went on to become successful and popular painters.

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 5 
John Constable
(Romantic Painter)
John Constable
4
Birthdate: June 11, 1776
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: East Bergholt
Died: March 31, 1837
 6 
William Hogarth
5
Birthdate: November 10, 1697
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 26, 1764
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Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
4
Birthdate: August 29, 1780
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Montauban, France
Died: January 14, 1867
 8 
Caspar David Friedrich
(Romantic landscape painter)
Caspar David Friedrich
4
Birthdate: September 5, 1774
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Greifswald, Germany
Died: May 7, 1840

Caspar David Friedrich was a German painter best remembered for painting mid-period allegorical landscapes. Widely regarded as the most important German painter of his era, Friedrich is celebrated as an important figure of the German Romantic movement. His works have influenced several painters, including Johan Christian Dahl, Arnold Böcklin, and Christiane Pooley.

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 9 
Katsushika Hokusai
6
Birthdate: October 31, 1760
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edo, Tokyo, Japan
Died: May 10, 1849

Katsushika Hokusai was a Japanese printmaker, ukiyo-e painter, and artist of the Edo period. He is best known as the creator of the monumental Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji, a series of landscape prints, which includes the iconic print, The Great Wave off Kanagawa. He is credited with transforming the ukiyo-e art form to include a much broader style of art.

 10 
William Turner of Oxford
(Painter who specialised in watercolour landscapes)
William Turner of Oxford
6
Birthdate: November 29, 1789
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
Died: August 7, 1862

British landscape painter William Turner of Oxford is often mistaken for the famous painter J. M. W. Turner, who was also from England. Turner was a lifelong member of the Watercolor Society, founded by his mentor John Varley. Oxford from Hinksey Hill remains one of his best-known works.

 11 
Antonio Canova
(Italian Neoclassical Sculptor Famous for His Marble Sculptures)
Antonio Canova
4
Birthdate: November 1, 1757
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Possagno, Italy
Died: October 13, 1822

Antonio Canova was an Italian Neoclassical sculptor widely regarded as the greatest of the Neoclassical artists. He was famous for his marble sculptures. His work was inspired by the Baroque and the classical revival. His most notable works include Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss and Perseus Triumphant. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he refused to take in pupils. 

 12 
John James Audubon
(US Artist and Ornithologist Known for His Drawings of North American Birds)
John James Audubon
4
Birthdate: April 26, 1785
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Les Cayes
Died: January 27, 1851

American artist and ornithologist John James Audubon is remembered mostly for his illustrations of North American birds. Born as an illegitimate child in France, he later moved to the US and then to Canada, for business, but ended up documenting birds. His best-known work is the pioneering ornithological work The Birds of America.

 13 
Marie Tussaud
(French Wax Sculpture Artist and Founder of 'Madame Tussauds', the Wax Museum in London)
Marie Tussaud
4
Birthdate: December 1, 1761
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: April 16, 1850

Marie Tussaud was a French artist and sculptor best remembered for her wax sculptures. She founded Madame Tussauds, a wax museum, in London in 1835. The museum is a major tourist attraction today. As a young girl, she learned wax modeling from doctor cum wax modeler Philippe Curtius. In the ensuing years, she became a prominent sculptor.

 14 
Grandma Moses
(Painter, Illustrator)
Grandma Moses
4
Birthdate: September 7, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 13, 1961

Anna Mary Robertson, better known as Grandma Moses, revolutionized American folk art with her iconic depictions of American rural life. After spending 15 years of her life working as a housekeeper, she deviated toward embroidery. A bout of arthritis made her switch to painting in her late 70s.

 15 
Thomas Gainsborough
(Landscape painter)
Thomas Gainsborough
4
Birthdate: May 14, 1727
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sudbury, England
Died: August 2, 1788
 16 
E. T. A. Hoffmann
4
Birthdate: January 24, 1776
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Königsberg, Germany
Died: June 25, 1822

E. T. A. Hoffmann was a German author, jurist, artist, composer, and music critic. His stories served as an inspiration and laid the foundation for The Tales of Hoffmann by Jacques Offenbach. The Nutcracker by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is also based on Hoffmann's The Nutcracker and the Mouse King. Hoffmann is among the most influential authors of the Romantic Movement.

 17 
Joseph Ducreux
(Former Painter who was a successful portraitist at the court of Louis XVI of France)
Joseph Ducreux
4
Birthdate: June 26, 1735
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: July 24, 1802
 18 
John Trumbull
(War veterans)
John Trumbull
4
Birthdate: June 6, 1756
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: November 10, 1843
 19 
Hiroshige
(painter)
Hiroshige
4
Birthdate: 1797 AD
Birthplace: Edo
Died: October 12, 1858

Best known for his landscape series like The Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō and One Hundred Famous Views of Edo, Hiroshige was a well-known ukiyo-e master, whose death marked the decline of this genre of art.  His works, which were generally characterized by subtle use of graded colors and multiple impressions, were source of inspiration to many 19-century European painters.

 20 
Jean-Antoine Watteau
(Former Painter whose notable works include Embarkation for Cythera, L'Enseigne de Gersaint)
Jean-Antoine Watteau
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1684
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Valenciennes, France
Died: July 18, 1721
 21 
Henry Fuseli
(Swiss Painter Whose Paintings are Among the Most Dramatic, Original, and Sensual Works of His Time)
Henry Fuseli
3
Birthdate: February 7, 1741
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Zürich, Switzerland
Died: April 17, 1825

Swiss artist Henry Fuseli is remembered for the drama and sensuality showcased in his paintings. Though born to a landscape and portrait painter, he was initially taught theology. After leaving the country due to political risks, he made it to Britain and Italy. He later contributed to the Boydell Shakespeare Gallery.

 22 
Jean-Honore Fragonard
5
Birthdate: April 5, 1732
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Grasse, France
Died: August 22, 1806
Elisabeth Vigee Le Brun
3
Birthdate: April 16, 1755
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 30, 1842
 24 
Gilbert Stuart
(Portrait painter, Painter)
Gilbert Stuart
6
Birthdate: December 3, 1755
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: North Kingstown
Died: July 9, 1828
 25 
Giovanni Battista Piranesi
(Italian Classical Archaeologist, Architect, and Artist)
Giovanni Battista Piranesi
3
Birthdate: October 4, 1720
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: November 9, 1778

Italian architect, artist, and archaeologist Giovanni Battista Piranesi is best known for his 16-print series name The Prisons. His remarkable etchings of the famous landmarks of Rome exhibited his unique etching technique, which involved contrasts of light and shade. He made about 2,000 plates throughout his life.

 26 
John Singleton Copley
(Anglo-American painter)
John Singleton Copley
3
Birthdate: 1738 AD
Birthplace: Boston, United States
Died: September 9, 1815
 27 
François Boucher
4
Birthdate: September 29, 1703
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 30, 1770
 28 
Angelica Kauffman
(Swiss Neoclassical Painter and One of 18th-Century Europe’s Most Famous Portraitists)
Angelica Kauffman
3
Birthdate: October 30, 1741
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chur, Switzerland
Died: November 5, 1807

One of the two women founder members of London’s Royal Academy, Angelica Kauffman was born to a painter father in Switzerland and was quite a prodigy, who mastered several languages and the arts of music and painting quite quickly. The history painter is best remembered for her landscapes and portraits.

 29 
George Catlin
(Painter)
George Catlin
4
Birthdate: July 26, 1796
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 23, 1872
 30 
Tarrare
(Showman)
Tarrare
13
Birthdate: 1772 AD
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: 1798 AD
 31 
John Martin
(engraver, painter)
John Martin
6
Birthdate: July 19, 1789
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Haydon Bridge
Died: February 17, 1854
 32 
Benjamin West
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Springfield, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 11, 1820
 33 
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
(Painter, Printmaker)
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
3
Birthdate: March 5, 1696
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: March 27, 1770

Eighteenth-century Italian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo was a significant figure of the Rococo movement. Son of a shipping merchant, Tiepolo gained fame with his iconic creations such as The Sacrifice of Isaac. He was determined he wouldn’t leave Venice and often sent his paintings abroad instead of traveling to paint.

Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin
4
Birthdate: November 2, 1699
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 6, 1779
 35 
Joseph Wright of Derby
(Painter, Artist)
Joseph Wright of Derby
3
Birthdate: September 3, 1734
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Derby
Died: August 29, 1797
 36 
Utagawa Kuniyoshi
3
Birthdate: January 1, 1798
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: April 14, 1861

Nineteenth-century Japanese painter and printmaker Utagawa Kuniyoshi was one of the major figures behind the ukiyo-e style of woodwork. Born to a silk-dyer, he had started as a print designer. While he initially specialized in warrior prints, he later also worked on landscapes, such as the series Famous Sights of Edo.

 37 
Joshua Reynolds
6
Birthdate: July 16, 1723
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Plympton, England
Died: February 23, 1792
 38 
William Etty
(Painter)
William Etty
3
Birthdate: March 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: York
Died: November 13, 1849
 39 
Charles Willson Peale
3
Birthdate: April 15, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chester
Died: February 22, 1827
 40 
Canaletto
(Italian Topographical Painter, Landscape Artist and Printmaker Known for Using the Etching Technique)
Canaletto
4
Birthdate: October 18, 1697
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: April 19, 1768

Canaletto was an Italian painter who achieved popularity in England as his works were largely appreciated by King George III. Regarded as one of the most prominent representatives of the 18th-century Venetian school, Canaletto was also renowned for his skills as a printmaker.

 41 
Thomas Lawrence
3
Birthdate: April 13, 1769
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: January 7, 1830
 42 
Utamaro
(painter)
Utamaro
3
Birthdate: 1753 AD
Birthplace: Edo
Died: 1806 AD

One of the most renowned ukiyo-e woodblock artists of Japan, Utamaro is remembered mostly for his portraits of women, such as The Seven Beauties of the Gay Quarters. However, after painting Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s wives and mistresses, he was punished for insulting the military leader, leading to the end of his career.

 43 
Godfrey Kneller
4
Birthdate: August 8, 1646
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Free City of Lübeck
Died: October 19, 1723
 44 
George Cruikshank
(Caricaturist)
George Cruikshank
3
Birthdate: September 27, 1792
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 1, 1878
 45 
Hyacinthe Rigaud
(Former Catalan-French baroque painter most famous for his portraits of Louis XIV and other members of the French nobility)
Hyacinthe Rigaud
4
Birthdate: July 18, 1659
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Perpignan, France
Died: December 29, 1743
 46 
Thomas Rowlandson
(Artist & Caricaturist of the Georgian Era)
Thomas Rowlandson
3
Birthdate: July 13, 1757
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 21, 1827
 47 
George Romney
(painter)
George Romney
3
Birthdate: December 26, 1734
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lancashire
Died: November 15, 1802
 48 
Sarah Goodridge
3
Birthdate: February 5, 1788
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Templeton, Massachusetts, United Stafes
Died: December 28, 1853
 49 
Grinling Gibbons
3
Birthdate: April 4, 1648
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: August 3, 1721
 50 
Maria Cosway
(Artist)
Maria Cosway
3
Birthdate: June 11, 1760
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 5, 1838