Famous 18th Century Architects

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 1 
Capability Brown
(Horticulturist, Architect, Landscape architect)

Capability Brown
4
Birthdate: August 30, 1716
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Northumberland
Died: February 6, 1783

Capability Brown was an English landscape architect and gardener. Regarded as the most popular figure in English landscape garden style history, Brown is also considered England's greatest gardener by many. Capability Brown is credited with designing more than 170 parks. His work had such an impact that the contributions of his predecessors William Kent and Charles Bridgeman are often overlooked.

 2 
Thomas Telford
(Civil Engineer)

Thomas Telford
4
Birthdate: August 9, 1757
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Eskdale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
Died: September 2, 1834

Scottish civil engineer Thomas Telford had begun his career as a mason at 14, having lost his father in infancy. A self-taught architect, he was responsible for building many structures, including the Caledonian Canal and the Menai Suspension Bridge. Named The Colossus of Roads, he symbolized the Scottish Enlightenment.

 3 

Giovanni Battista Piranesi
4
Birthdate: October 4, 1720
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: November 9, 1778

Italian architect, artist, and archaeologist Giovanni Battista Piranesi is best known for his 16-print series name The Prisons. His remarkable etchings of the famous landmarks of Rome exhibited his unique etching technique, which involved contrasts of light and shade. He made about 2,000 plates throughout his life.

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Pierre Charles L'Enfant
4
Birthdate: August 2, 1754
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 14, 1825
Born to a famous French painter in Paris, Pierre Charles L'Enfant later joined the rebels in American Revolutionary War. While working as a military engineer in the U.S., he changed his name from Pierre to Peter. He was hired by George Washington to design the L'Enfant Plan for establishing Washington D.C.

 5 
James Hoban
(Architect, best known for designing the White House in Washington, D.C)

James Hoban
3
Birthdate: 1755 AD
Birthplace: Callan, County Kilkenny, Ireland
Died: December 8, 1831

 6 
Robert Adam
(Architect, Archaeologist, Politician)

Robert Adam
3
Birthdate: July 3, 1728
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kirkcaldy
Died: March 3, 1792

 7 
John Soane
(Architect, Archaeologist)

John Soane
3
Birthdate: September 10, 1753
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Reading
Died: January 20, 1837

English architect John Soane contributed immensely to the Neo-Classical style of architecture. Born to a bricklayer, Soane began training as an architect at 15. He soared to fame during his 45-year stint as an architect of the Bank of England and was also knighted for his achievements.

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John Nash (Architect)
3
Birthdate: January 18, 1752
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London Borough of Lambeth
Died: May 13, 1835

John Nash was a British architect of the Regency and Georgian eras, during which he designed several prominent areas of London using the picturesque and neoclassical styles. He is best remembered for designing popular edifices like Buckingham Palace, Marble Arch, and the Royal Pavilion. Nash also taught many future architects like John Adey Repton and James Pain.

 9 
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
(architect, painter)

Karl Friedrich Schinkel
3
Birthdate: January 13, 1781
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Neuruppin
Died: October 9, 1841

 10 

Benjamin Henry Latrobe
3
Birthdate: May 1, 1764
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Fulneck Moravian Settlement, England
Died: September 3, 1820
Benjamin Henry Latrobe was a British-American neoclassical architect and civil engineer who established architecture as a profession in the United States. He was the most original proponent of the Greek Revival style in American buildings. His most famous works include Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic cathedral of Baltimore, Exchange and others. 

 11 

Claude Nicolas Ledoux
3
Birthdate: March 21, 1736
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dormans, France
Died: November 18, 1806

Claude Nicolas Ledoux was a French architect, known for developing an eclectic architectural style, linked with budding pre-Revolutionary social ideals. First noticed for his imaginative woodwork at Café militaire, he was soon flooded with commissions, designing numerous private houses in the neoclassical style for the French elite, also receiving commission for designing public buildings including the Ledoux’s Theatre of Besançon.

 12 

Étienne-Louis Boullée
3
Birthdate: February 12, 1728
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 4, 1799

Étienne-Louis Boullée was a French architect and visionary whose work continues to have a massive impact on the works of contemporary architects. A highly respected architect during his time, Boullée served as the chief architect under Frederick II of Prussia. Étienne-Louis Boullée is widely regarded as one of the most influential and prominent personalities of French neoclassical architecture. 

 13 
Andrea Pozzo
(Painter)

Andrea Pozzo
3
Birthdate: November 30, 1642
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Trento, Italy
Died: August 31, 1709
Baroque painter, architect, and writer Andrea Pozzo is best remembered for his signature architectural illusionist painting, through which he created illusions of three-dimensional structures such as domes, on flat ceilings. His works adorned structures such as the St. Ignatius's Church. He was also a Jesuit brother.

 14 

Giovanni Paolo Panini
3
Birthdate: June 17, 1691
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Piacenza, Italy
Died: October 21, 1765

Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington
2
Birthdate: April 25, 1694
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Yorkshire, England
Died: December 4, 1753

 16 
James Wyatt
(Architect)

James Wyatt
2
Birthdate: August 3, 1746
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Weeford, Staffordshire, England
Died: September 4, 1813

 17 
Robert Mills
(American architect)

Robert Mills
2
Birthdate: August 12, 1781
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: March 3, 1855
South Carolina architect Robert Mills is considered to be the first native-born American to be professionally trained as an architect. A Neoclassical architect, Mills is known for using classical forms with originality. His best-known structures include Treasury and the Old Patent Office. Built in the US, the World War II Liberty Ship SS Robert Mills was named in his honour.

 18 
Wolfgang von Kempelen
(Author and inventor, known for his chess-playing "automaton" hoax The Turk and for his speaking machine)

Wolfgang von Kempelen
2
Birthdate: January 23, 1734
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bratislava, Slovakia
Died: March 26, 1804

Known as an eccentric thinker, Wolfgang von Kempelen is best remembered for his automatic chess-playing machine The Turk and his speaking machine. The Turk eventually turned out to be a hoax, designed by Kempelen to impress Maria Theresa, the Austrian Empress, and had human chess players operating it.

 19 
Charles Bulfinch
(Architect)

Charles Bulfinch
2
Birthdate: August 8, 1763
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Massachusetts Bay Colony, United States
Died: April 15, 1844

Best known for designing government buildings, Charles Bulfinch was also the first American-born architect. Educated at Harvard, he was later influenced by Neoclassical art. His designs included the Massachusetts State House and the Maine Capitol. He was also one of the architects of the United States Capitol.

 20 
James Gibbs
(Architect)

James Gibbs
2
Birthdate: December 23, 1682
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Aberdeen, Scotland
Died: August 5, 1754

James Gibbs, one of the most significant architects of his time, was trained in Rome and later merged the Italian and English styles of architecture. His best-known work includes the East Anglican St. Martin-in-the-Fields Church in London. While his works had elements of Baroque architecture, he was also influenced by Palladianism.

 21 
William Thornton
(Physician)

William Thornton
3
Birthdate: May 20, 1759
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tortola, British Virgin Islands
Died: March 28, 1828

British-American William Thornton was initially trained in medicine and that is when he began drawing and sketching as part of his medical notes. He later won a contest for the design of the Library Company of Philadelphia's new hall. He also designed the Capitol in Washington, D.C.

 22 
Aleijadinho
(Sculptor)

Aleijadinho
2
Birthdate: August 29, 1738
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ouro Preto, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: November 18, 1814

Aleijadinho was a Brazilian architect and sculptor best remembered for his works in and on various churches of Brazil. Aleijadinho's works are generally considered some of the finest paradigms of Portuguese colonial architecture. Also among his best-known works are the famous Twelve Prophets, a set of soapstone sculptures at the Sanctuary of Bom Jesus of Matosinhos in Congonhas.

Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli
2
Birthdate: 1700 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 29, 1771

 24 

Sir William Chambers
3
Birthdate: February 23, 1723
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gothenburg, Sweden
Died: March 10, 1796

Born to a Scottish father in Sweden, Sir William Chambers initially traveled to Canton as part of the Swedish East India Company. After studying Chinese architecture, he moved on to Paris and then to Italy. The Georgian-period architect was a major pillar of the Palladian style of architecture.

 25 

Jules Hardouin-Mansart
2
Birthdate: April 16, 1646
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 11, 1708

Seventeenth-century French Baroque architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart is best remembered for designing Versailles as the city planner of King Louis XIV. His great-uncle, François Mansart, who was one of the pioneers of classical French architecture. His other works include Place Vendôme and the Château de la Chaize in Odenas.

 26 
Leo von Klenze
(Architect)

Leo von Klenze
2
Birthdate: February 29, 1784
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Schladen, Germany
Died: January 26, 1864

 27 
Balthasar Neumann
(Architect and military artillery engineer who developed a refined brand of Baroque architecture)

Balthasar Neumann
2
Birthdate: January 27, 1687
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cheb, Czechia
Died: August 19, 1753

 28 

John Wood the Elder
2
Birthdate: August 26, 1704
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Twerton, Bath, England
Died: May 23, 1754

Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach
2
Birthdate: July 20, 1656
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: April 5, 1723

The Baroque architecture of Austrian architect, sculptor, and architectural-historian Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, who penned the influential book titled A Plan of Civil and Historical Architecture, greatly influenced the Habsburg Empire and shaped the architectural tastes of Austrian aristocracy for decades. Two of his major works include the Austrian National Library in Vienna, and the Holy Trinity Church in Salzburg.

 30 

Jacques-Germain Soufflot
2
Birthdate: July 22, 1713
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Irancy, France
Died: August 29, 1780

Jacques-Germain Soufflot was a French architect credited with introducing neoclassicism to the world. Soufflot designed several important edifices, including the Panthéon in Paris which was originally built as a church dedicated to Saint Genevieve. Such was his popularity that by 1755 Jacques-Germain Soufflot had gained architectural control of all of Paris' royal buildings.

 31 

William Strickland
2
Birthdate: July 22, 1713, 1788
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Navesink, New Jersey, United States
Died: April 6, 1854

Known for his pioneering written work on railroad construction, engineer and architect William Strickland was also one of the leaders of the 19th-century Greek Revival style of architecture. He designed structures such as the US Mint, contributed to the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and was also one of the first American lecturers of architecture.

 32 
Jean Chalgrin
(Architect)

Jean Chalgrin
1
Birthdate: 1739 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 21, 1811

Best known for designing the Arc de Triomphe, Jean Chalgrin was a proponent of Neoclassical architect. The Prix de Rome winner was one of those responsible for the revival of the basilican style of church building. He died before he could complete the Arc de Triomphe, commissioned by Napoleon.

 33 

Ange-Jacques Gabriel
2
Birthdate: October 23, 1698
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 4, 1782

One of the most significant architects of the 18th century, Ange-Jacques Gabriel built many major structures during the reign of Louis XV. Born to premier architect Jacques V, he later succeeded his father. His most notable works include the Place de la Concorde and the Petit Trianon at Versailles.

 34 

Goldsworthy Gurney
2
Birthdate: February 14, 1793
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Treator, Padstow, England
Died: February 28, 1875

 35 

John Claudius Loudon
2
Birthdate: April 8, 1783
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cambuslang, Scotland
Died: December 14, 1843

Scottish gardener and landscape artist John Claudius Loudon was also an influential horticultural journalist who wrote extensively on gardens, parks, and home architecture. Known for introducing the Gardenesque style of décor and popularizing the concept of arboretum, he also penned the widely popular The Suburban Gardener and Villa Companion.

 36 
Joshua Humphreys
(Naval Architect)

Joshua Humphreys
2
Birthdate: June 17, 1751
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Haverford, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: January 12, 1838

 37 
Filippo Juvarra
(Architect)

Filippo Juvarra
2
Birthdate: March 7, 1678
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Messina, Italy
Died: January 31, 1736

 38 
Samuel Bentham
(Engineer)

Samuel Bentham
2
Birthdate: January 11, 1757
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: England
Died: May 31, 1831

Mechanical engineer and naval architect Samuel Bentham was responsible for Russia’s victory over a Turkish force, using shell guns on warships. He had also visited China to study ship designs and had served as the inspector of English naval works. He was the younger brother of philosopher Jeremy Bentham.

 39 

Luigi Vanvitelli
1
Birthdate: May 12, 1700
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: March 1, 1773

 40 

Jacques-François Blondel
1
Birthdate: January 8, 1705
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rouen, France
Died: January 9, 1774

Jacques-François Blondel was a French teacher and architect who served as a professor at the Académie Royale d'Architecture after running his own school of architecture for several years. Jacques-François Blondel is credited with teaching many future architects like Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, Étienne-Louis Boullée, Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin, and Louis Jean Desprez. In 1755, he was made an inductee of the Académie Royale d'Architecture.

 41 
Henry Holland
(Architect)

Henry Holland
1
Birthdate: July 20, 1745
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: June 17, 1806

 42 

Giacomo Quarenghi
1
Birthdate: September 21, 1744
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rota d’Imagna, Italy
Died: February 1, 1817

 43 

Nicolai Abildgaard
1
Birthdate: September 11, 1743
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: June 4, 1809

Nicolai Abildgaard was a Danish neoclassical sculptor, history painter, and architect. He also served as a professor of anatomy, mythology, and painting at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen. Abildgaard also served as a royal history painter and was commissioned by the Danish government to produce large monumental pieces to decorate the Knights' Room at Christiansborg Palace. 

 44 

John Wood, the Younger
1
Birthdate: February 25, 1728
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bath, England
Died: June 18, 1782

 45 

George Dance, the Younger
1
Birthdate: April 1, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chiswell Street, London, England
Died: January 14, 1825

Jacques-Nicolas Billaud-Varenne
1
Birthdate: April 23, 1756
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: La Rochelle, France
Died: June 3, 1819

Jacques-Nicolas Billaud-Varenne was a French lawyer and politician of the Revolutionary period. An influential personality, Billaud-Varenne played an important role during the Reign of Terror and is regarded as a key architect of the Reign of Terror. One of the most important members of the Committee of Public Safety, Billaud-Varenne worked with influential figures like Maximilien Robespierre and Georges Danton.

 47 
Carlo Rossi
(Former architect who worked in Imperial Russia)

Carlo Rossi
0
Birthdate: 1775 AD
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: April 18, 1849

 48 
Carlo Fontana
(Architect)

Carlo Fontana
1
Birthdate: April 22, 1638
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Novazzano, Switzerland
Died: February 5, 1714

Carlo Fontana was an Italian architect who worked closely with popular architects like Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Pietro da Cortona, working as a draughtsman for their architectural plans. He then started working independently and went on to design the Santa Maria sopra Minerva's Casanate library, the ribbed hemispherical dome for Montefiascone's duomo, and the casino in the Vatican.

 49 
Samuel McIntire
(Architect and craftsman)

Samuel McIntire
1
Birthdate: January 16, 1757
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Salem, Massachusetts
Died: February 6, 1811

 50 
Asher Benjamin
(Architect)

Asher Benjamin
1
Birthdate: June 15, 1773
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hartland, Connecticut, United States
Died: July 26, 1845