Famous 18th Century Musicians

Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Musicians, including Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Joseph Haydn, George Frideric Handel and Franz Schubert.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
22
Famous As: Composer, Pianist
Birthdate: January 27, 1756
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Died: December 5, 1791

A child prodigy, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is regarded as one of the greatest classical composers ever. A prolific composer, he had a profound influence on Western music. Many of his works are considered pinnacles of choral, symphonic, operatic, chamber, and concertante music. Before his death, at the age of 35, he had composed over 600 works.

 2 George Frideric Handel

George Frideric Handel.
6
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: February 23, 1685
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Halle, Germany
Died: April 14, 1759

George Frideric Handel was a Baroque composer renowned for his oratorios, operas, anthems, and organ concertos. A great composer, Handel's works had a strong influence on popular Classical-era composers like Beethoven and Mozart. George Frideric Handel's life and work have also inspired several films, such as the 1942 British biographical film The Great Mr. Handel.

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 3 Franz Peter Schubert

Franz Peter Schubert.
4
Famous As: Composer, Pianist
Birthdate: January 31, 1797
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Alsergrund, Vienna, Austria
Died: November 19, 1828

Austrian composer Franz Peter Schubert was one of the most prominent figures of the Viennese Classical and Romantic periods. He initially performed at the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde. His compositions include over 600 vocal works and several symphonies, operas, and piano sonatas. One of his most-talked-about works is the Unfinished Symphony.

 4 Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn.
6
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 31, 1732
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rohrau, Austria
Died: May 31, 1809

Joseph Haydn was an Austrian composer who played a key role in the progression of chamber music during the Classical period. He is often referred to as the Father of the String Quartet and Father of the Symphony for his contributions to musical form. Joseph Haydn is also credited with mentoring and tutoring Mozart and Beethoven, respectively.

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 5 Niccolo Paganini

Niccolo Paganini.
4
Famous As: Violinist
Birthdate: October 27, 1782
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Genoa
Died: May 27, 1840
Italian multi-instrumentalist and composer Niccolò Paganini established himself as one of the key figures of modern violin technique. Son of a trader-turned-street musician, he started his stint with music by learning to play the mandolin. Some of his most celebrated compositions were the 24 Caprices for Solo Violin Op. 1.

 6 Gioachino Rossini

Gioachino Rossini.
3
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 1, 1792
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pesaro
Died: November 13, 1868

Gioachino Rossini was an Italian composer best remembered for composing 39 operas before retiring at the peak of his popularity when he was still in his 30s. Such is his influence on modern-day virtuosi that many of them have created piano fantasies or transcriptions based on Gioachino Rossini's melodies.  

 7 Antonio Salieri

Antonio Salieri
4
Famous As: Composer, Conductor, Educationist, Musicologist, Music educator
Birthdate: August 18, 1750
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Legnago
Died: May 7, 1825

Antonio Salieri was an Italian classical composer, conductor, and teacher considered a key figure in the development of late 18th-century opera. He was a protégé of eminent composer Christoph Willibald Gluck. For several years, he served as the director of the Italian opera by the Habsburg court. His works were performed widely across Europe during his lifetime. 

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 8 William Herschel

William Herschel.
3
Famous As: Astronomer, Composer
Birthdate: November 15, 1738
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: August 21, 1822

William Herschel was a German-born British astronomer and composer. He pioneered the use of astronomical spectrophotometry and discovered infrared radiation. Impressed by his work, King George III appointed him the Court Astronomer. Herschel often collaborated with his sister, Caroline Lucretia Herschel, a fellow astronomer. In 1816, he was made a Knight of the Royal Guelphic Order. 

 9 Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
3
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: March 8, 1714
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Weimar, Germany
Died: December 14, 1788

 10 Tyāgarāja

Tyāgarāja
2
Birthdate: May 4, 1767
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Thiruvarur
Died: January 6, 1847

 11 Johann Christian Bach

Johann Christian Bach
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: September 5, 1735
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: January 1, 1782

 12 Christoph Willibald Gluck

Christoph Willibald Gluck.
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 2, 1714
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berching
Died: November 15, 1787

Composer Christoph Willibald Gluck left home when his father went against his passion for music and pushed him into forestry. He then reached Milan, where he learned Italian instrumental music and later fused Italian and French opera music. His best-known works include Orfeo ed Euridice and La rencontre imprévue.

 13 Chevalier de Saint-Georges

Chevalier de Saint-Georges
3
Famous As: Composer, Conductor, Fencer, Concertmaster, Military personnel
Birthdate: December 25, 1745
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Baillif
Died: June 10, 1799

 14 Gaetano Donizetti

Gaetano Donizetti.
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: November 29, 1797
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bergamo
Died: April 8, 1848
Nineteenth-century Italian composer Gaetano Donizetti is best remembered for his mastery of the bel canto opera style. While his father wanted him to become a church composer, Donizetti was more interested in theater. He spent his final years in a mental asylum and later died of syphilis.

 15 Luigi Boccherini

Luigi Boccherini
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: February 19, 1743
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lucca, Italy
Died: May 28, 1805

Italian-Spanish composer and cellist Luigi Boccherini of Classical era is noted for his influence in developing string quartet as a musical genre. Two of his best-known works include String Quintet in E major, Op. 11, No. 5 (G 275) that became famous for its minuet third movement; and Cello Concerto, No. 9 in B-flat Major, G. 482.

 16 Johann van Beethoven

Johann van Beethoven
2
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: November 14, 1740
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bonn, Germany
Died: December 18, 1792

 17 Georg Philipp Telemann

Georg Philipp Telemann
3
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 14, 1681
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Magdeburg, Germany
Died: June 25, 1767

 18 Ignatius Sancho

Ignatius Sancho
2
Famous As: composer, author, writer, shopkeeper, domestic worker
Birthdate: 1729 AD
Died: December 14, 1780

 19 Giovanni Battista Pergolesi

Giovanni Battista Pergolesi
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: January 4, 1710
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Iesi, Italy
Died: March 16, 1736

 20 Johann Nepomuk Hummel

Johann Nepomuk Hummel
2
Famous As: composer, conductor, pianist, concertmaster
Birthdate: September 14, 1778
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bratislava
Died: October 17, 1837

 21 Johann Joseph Fux

Johann Joseph Fux
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: 1660 AD
Birthplace: Langegg bei Graz, Austria
Died: February 13, 1741

 22 Michael Haydn

Michael Haydn
2
Famous As: composer, organist, musician
Birthdate: September 14, 1737
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rohrau
Died: August 10, 1806

 23 Lalon

Lalon
2
Famous As: poet
Birthdate: 1774 AD
Birthplace: Bengal Presidency
Died: October 17, 1890

 24 Luigi Cherubini

Luigi Cherubini
2
Famous As: Composer, Conductor, Musicologist, Music educator, Music theorist
Birthdate: September 14, 1760
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Florence
Died: March 15, 1842

 25 Anna Magdalena Bach

Anna Magdalena Bach
2
Famous As: Singer, Composer
Birthdate: September 22, 1701
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Zeitz
Died: February 27, 1760

 26 Louis Spohr

Louis Spohr
2
Famous As: Composer, Conductor, Musicologist, Music educator
Birthdate: April 5, 1784
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Braunschweig
Died: October 22, 1859

 27 Turlough O'Carolan

Turlough O'Carolan
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: 1670 AD
Birthplace: Nobber, Ireland
Died: March 25, 1738

 28 Marin Marais

Marin Marais
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: May 31, 1656
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: August 15, 1728

 29 Dimitrie Cantemir

Dimitrie Cantemir
2
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: October 26, 1673
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dimitrie Cantemir, Romania
Died: September 1, 1723

 30 François-André Danican Philidor

François-André Danican Philidor
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: September 7, 1726
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dreux, France
Died: August 31, 1795

 31 Wilhelm Friedemann Bach

Wilhelm Friedemann Bach
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: November 22, 1710
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Weimar, Germany
Died: July 1, 1784

 32 Emanuel Schikaneder

Emanuel Schikaneder
2
Famous As: Impresario
Birthdate: September 1, 1751
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Straubing, Germany
Died: September 21, 1812

 33 Franz Xaver Süssmayr

Franz Xaver Süssmayr
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 22, 1766
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Schwanenstadt, Oberösterreich, Austria
Died: September 17, 1803

 34 Jan Dismas Zelenka

Jan Dismas Zelenka
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: October 16, 1679
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Louňovice pod Blaníkem, Bohemia, Holy Roman Empire
Died: December 23, 1745

 35 Joseph Mohr

Joseph Mohr
1
Famous As: Composer, Writer
Birthdate: December 11, 1792
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Salzburg
Died: December 4, 1848

Austrian Roman Catholic priest and writer Josephus Mohr is best-known for writing lyrics of the popular Christmas carol Stille Nacht (Silent Night), which was composed by Austrian primary school teacher, church organist, and composer Franz Xaver Gruber. A manuscript in Mohr's handwriting discovered in 1995 states that Mohr penned the poem in 1816 and Gruber composed its music in 1818.

 36 Jeremiah Clarke

Jeremiah Clarke
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: 1674 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 1, 1707

 37 Johann Stamitz

Johann Stamitz
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: June 19, 1717
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Havlíčkův Brod, Czechia
Died: March 27, 1757

 38 Ignaz Moscheles

Ignaz Moscheles
1
Famous As: Pianist, Conductor, Composer, Educationist, Musicologist, Music educator, Diarist, University teacher, Musician
Birthdate: May 23, 1794
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Prague
Died: March 10, 1870

 39 Domenico Cimarosa

Domenico Cimarosa
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: December 17, 1749
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Aversa, Italy
Died: January 11, 1801

 40 Thomas Arne

Thomas Arne
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 12, 1710
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London
Died: March 5, 1778

 41 Bettina von Arnim

Bettina von Arnim
1
Famous As: Writer, Salon-holder, Composer, Novelist
Birthdate: April 4, 1785
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Frankfurt
Died: January 20, 1859

 42 Nicola Porpora

Nicola Porpora
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: August 17, 1686
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: March 3, 1768

 43 Giovanni Paisiello

Giovanni Paisiello
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: May 9, 1740
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Roccaforzata, Italy
Died: June 5, 1816

 44 Pietro Locatelli

Pietro Locatelli
1
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: September 3, 1695
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bergamo, Italy
Died: March 30, 1764

 45 William Boyce

William Boyce
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: September 11, 1711
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 7, 1779

 46 Wilhelmine of Prussia, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth

Wilhelmine of Prussia, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 3, 1709
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: October 14, 1758

 47 Therese Malfatti

Therese Malfatti
1
Famous As: Musician, Pianist, Composer
Birthdate: January 1, 1792
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: April 27, 1851

 48 Ferdinando Carulli

Ferdinando Carulli
1
Famous As: Composer, Guitarist, Musicologist, Classical guitarist
Birthdate: February 9, 1770
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Naples
Died: February 17, 1841

 49 Leonardo Vinci

Leonardo Vinci
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: 1690 AD
Birthplace: Strongoli, Italy
Died: May 27, 1730

 50 Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf

Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf
1
Famous As: Composer, Conductor
Birthdate: November 2, 1739
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: October 24, 1799