Daniel Boone Biography

(American Frontiersman and One of the First Folk Heroes of the United States)

Birthday: November 2, 1734 (Scorpio)

Born In: Pennsylvania, United States

Daniel Boone was an 18th-century American explorer best known for his exploration and settlement of what is now Kentucky. His explorations and exploits as a frontiersman catapulted him to the status of a folk hero—one of the first ones to emerge from the United States. He was born into a family of Quakers who had been persecuted in England for their dissenting beliefs and had thus moved to Pennsylvania. As one of the several children in his family, Daniel started hunting at the age of 12 to be able to gather enough food for his large family. Even though the children in his family were provided a good education, his interests lay more in hunting and exploring than in reading and writing. He became a skilled hunter and this kindled in him a love for adventure. Hunting also made him familiar with traveling and exploring newer routes in the wilderness. Even though the Quakers were primarily pacifists, he had served during the Revolutionary War as a militia officer. He participated in several expeditions including the military expedition that was part of the French and Indian War in which he served as a wagoner for Brigadier General Edward Braddock during his army's defeat at Turtle Creek. Eventually, he led his own long hunting expedition during the course of which he explored the place which is now Kentucky.

Quick Facts

Died At Age: 85


Spouse/Ex-: Rebecca Boone

father: Squire Boone

mother: Sarah Jarman Morgan

siblings: Squire Boone

children: Daniel Morgan Boone, Israel Boone, James Boone, Jemima Boone, Jesse Bryan Boone, Levina Boone, Nathan Boone, Rebecca Boone, Susannah Boone, William Boone

Born Country: United States

Explorers American Men

Died on: September 26, 1820

place of death: Missouri, United States

U.S. State: Pennsylvania

Ancestry: British American

  • 1

    What were Daniel Boone's notable achievements in exploration and settlement?

    Daniel Boone was known for exploring and settling the frontier regions of Kentucky and Tennessee, contributing to the westward expansion of the United States.
  • 2

    How did Daniel Boone's experiences as a frontiersman influence American folklore and literature?

    Daniel Boone's adventures and exploits in the wilderness became legendary, inspiring countless stories, books, and films that romanticized the rugged individualism of the American frontier.
  • 3

    What role did Daniel Boone play in the conflicts between Native American tribes and European settlers?

    Daniel Boone was involved in various conflicts and skirmishes with Native American tribes as settlers encroached on their traditional lands, reflecting the complex and often violent interactions between different cultures during the colonial period.
  • 4

    How did Daniel Boone's leadership and skills as a woodsman contribute to the successful establishment of settlements in the frontier?

    Daniel Boone's expertise in hunting, trapping, and navigating the wilderness was crucial in guiding and protecting settlers as they established new communities in the untamed wilderness of the American frontier.
  • 5

    What impact did Daniel Boone have on the development of the American West and the expansion of the United States?

    Daniel Boone's exploration and settlement efforts helped open up vast territories in the American West for further development and expansion, shaping the course of American history and manifesting the spirit of westward expansion.
Childhood & Early Life

Daniel Boone was born on 2 November 1734 in a log cabin in Exeter Township, near Reading, Pennsylvania. He was of English and Welsh ancestry, and his family had migrated to America from England. His father, Squire Boone, worked primarily as a weaver and a blacksmith and came from a Quaker family. His mother Sarah Morgan also came from a family of Quakers. Daniel was the sixth of eleven children.

Daniel Boone spent his early years on the edge of the Pennsylvania frontier where he learned to hunt as a young boy. He was just 12 when he started using a rifle and would venture into the forests to hunt for food to feed his large family.

He became a very skilled hunter and is said to have shot a panther through the heart as it leaped at him. Even though the validity of the claim is questioned, the story undoubtedly added to his image as a fearless individual.

From a young age, he was more interested in exploring the woods and roaming the wilderness than in receiving a formal education. Even though he was tutored at home by some family members, he did not receive much formal schooling. However, he loved to read, and the ‘Bible’ and ‘Gulliver's Travels’ were his favorites.

Continue Reading Below

Daniel Boone grew up to become a wagoner and a blacksmith. He joined General Edward Braddock, commander in chief of British forces in North America, as a wagoner in 1755. During the French and Indian War, he participated in Braddock's attempt to capture Fort Duquesne.

During this time he became acquainted with John Findley, a hunter, and through his interaction with him, learned about the Kentucky wilderness which greatly influenced him.

The Battle of the Monongahela was a fateful one for him as the British forces were badly defeated and the baggage wagons were assaulted by the Indian troops. Boone narrowly escaped death and fled for his life on horseback.

On returning home he got married and settled into a domestic life. Soon his family grew to include several children. During this time, he worked as a market hunter and trapper, collecting pelts for the fur trade.

Often he would embark on long hunting expeditions into the wilderness, some of which would last months. He accumulated hundreds of deer skins and also hunted beavers and otters for fur.

He led his first expedition in 1767. The expedition, a long hunting trip with one of his brothers, reached Kentucky and worked its way westward as far as Floyd County.

Around this period he met John Findley again, and Findley encouraged Daniel Boone to further explore the areas around Kentucky.

Thus in May 1769, Boone led another expedition, this time accompanied by Findley and a few other men. He led the team to discover a trail to the far west through the Cumberland Gap.

In 1775, he led the first group of colonists to Kentucky, acting as an agent for Richard Henderson's Transylvania Company. Then he brought his family to the Kentucky settlement and became its leader.

Continue Reading Below

His misfortunes started with the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War following which he struggled to protect his land settlement. After a few years, he was forced to leave the Kentucky settlement he had worked so hard to protect.

Eventually, he moved to Missouri where he spent his final years in the company of his numerous children and grandchildren. He continued to hunt and trap for as long as his health allowed.

Personal Life & Legacy

On 14 August 1756, he married Rebecca Bryan, a neighbor whom he had started courting in 1753. The couple went on to have ten children. In spite of having little formal education, Rebecca was a very resourceful and talented woman. She was an experienced community midwife, leather tanner, sharpshooter, and linen maker. She was also a kind-hearted woman who took in the orphaned children of her deceased relatives and raised them along with her own.

Daniel Boone lived a long, happy, and adventurous life and died of natural causes at his home in Femme Osage Creek, Missouri, on 26 September 1820 at the age of 85.

Facts About Daniel Boone
Daniel Boone was known for his exceptional marksmanship and hunting skills, but he also had a deep appreciation for nature and wildlife, often spending hours observing and studying the animals and plants in the wilderness.
Boone had a reputation for being an excellent storyteller and would entertain fellow pioneers and travelers with tales of his adventures in the frontier, captivating audiences with his vivid descriptions and colorful anecdotes.
Despite his rugged appearance and frontier lifestyle, Daniel Boone was a devoted family man who cared deeply for his wife and children, often going to great lengths to ensure their safety and well-being in the wilderness.
Boone had a keen sense of exploration and curiosity, constantly seeking out new lands and territories to discover and map, contributing to the expansion of the American frontier and opening up new opportunities for settlement and trade.
In addition to his exploration and hunting skills, Daniel Boone was also a skilled woodsman and craftsman, known for his ability to build sturdy and practical shelters, furniture, and tools using only the resources available in the wilderness.

See the events in life of Daniel Boone in Chronological Order

How To Cite

Article Title
- Daniel Boone Biography
- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
- TheFamousPeople.com

People Also Viewed

Sacagawea Biography
Meriwether Lewis Biography
Meriwether Lewis
Matthew Henson Biography
Matthew Henson
Nellie Bly Biography
Nellie Bly
Kit Carson Biography
Kit Carson
William Clark Biography
William Clark
John Wesley Powell Biography
John Wesley Powell