Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Biography

Carl Gustaf Mannerheim was a popular Finnish military leader and politician. Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about him.

Quick Facts

Birthday: June 4, 1867

Nationality: Finnish

Famous: Military Leaders Political Leaders

Died At Age: 83

Sun Sign: Gemini

Also Known As: Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim

Born Country: Finland

Born in: Askainen, Finland

Famous as: Military Leader

Height: 6'2" (188 cm), 6'2" Males

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Anastasie Arapova (1919)

father: Count Carl Robert Mannerheim

mother: Hedvig von Julin

siblings: Carl Mannerheim, Eva Mannerheim-Sparre, Sophie Mannerheim

children: Anastasie Mannerheim, Sophie Mannerheim

Died on: January 27, 1951

place of death: Lausanne, Switzerland

Cause of Death: Intestinal Bleeding, Ulcer

More Facts

education: Hamina Cadet School, Helsingfors lyceum

awards: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the Lion of Finland

Order of the White Rose of Finland
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Order of Saint Anna
2nd class
Order of Saint Stanislaus
2nd class
Order of St. Vladimir
4th class
Order of Michael the Brave
Order of St. George
4th class

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Carl Gustaf Mannerheim was a popular Finnish military leader and politician. He defended Finland against the Soviet forces during the Second World War and later served as the country’s president. He had also served as the cavalry commander of the Guards Cavalry Brigade in the Imperial Russian Army during World War I. He was awarded the Sword of St. George, one of the highest honors of Imperial Russia. He became the leader of Finnish government forces in the civil war of 1918, and then the commander-in-chief during the Second World War. He sought a close alliance with the west and was completely against German National Socialism and Soviet Communism. He was given the title of “Marshal of Finland,” becoming the only person to receive the title. A short political career followed his impressive stint as a military man. His tenure as the president of Finland, although short-lived, has been credited as one of his major achievements. Mannerheim remains one of the most important statesmen in Finland's history. His life has fascinated many generations of Finns. There have been over 300 books about him published in Finland and elsewhere. His residence in Helsinki has been a museum for over 60 years and is a popular tourist attraction to date.

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Childhood & Early Life
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Military Career
  • By 1891, he had entered the Chevalier Guards in St. Petersburg, Russia, and soon became a cavalry captain. Until 1904, he served in the Imperial Chevalier Guard. In October that year, he attained the rank of lieutenant-colonel and was transferred to the 52nd Nezhin Dragoon Regiment in Manchuria.
  • He was promoted to colonel after fighting in the battle of Mukden and the Russo-Japanese War. He traveled on horseback leading an expedition to China from July to October 1906, with French scientist Paul Pelliot.
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Major Wars
  • During the beginning of World War I, he served as a cavalry commander at the Austro-Hungarian and Romanian fronts. In December 1914, he was awarded the Sword of St. George, one of the highest honors of Imperial Russia.
  • He fell sick after an accident and was taken off duty. He returned to Finland, arriving in December 1917. Around that time, Finland was involved in a merciless civil war between the Reds (socialists) and the Whites (bourgeois).
  • He was the leader of the White army, defeating the Reds. Germany was supporting the Whites, while Soviet Russia was supporting the Reds. By the 1930s, he decided to bridge the gap between the Reds and Whites and succeeded in gaining the trust of the Social Democrats.
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Brief Presidency
  • In 1939, the Social Democrats agreed to his appointment as the commander-in-chief of the army. He later became the head of the state after being elected by the Parliament as the regent following former President Ryti's resignation.
  • After the armistice with the USSR, he became the president of Finland on 4 August 1944. Owing to his deteriorating health, he resigned as the president on 4 March 1946, with 11 March 1946 being his last day in office.
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Family & Personal Life
  • Carl Gustaf Mannerheim married a wealthy Russian heiress named Anastasia Arapova (1872-1936) in 1892.They had two daughters, Anastasie Mannerheim (1893-1977) and Sophie Mannerheim (1895-1963). The couple separated and filed for a formal divorce in 1919.
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Death & Legacy
  • In 1946, he had to undergo an operation for a perforated peptic ulcer. The following year, he traveled to the Valmont Sanatorium in Montreux, Switzerland, to write his memoirs.
  • He spent most of his final years at the Valmont, although he did often travel to Finland, Sweden, France and Italy. Since he was old and sick, he dictated most of his memoirs.
  • In January 1951, Mannerheim suffered a fatal bowel obstruction. On 27 January 1951, he passed away in the Cantonal Hospital in Lausanne, Switzerland. He was buried at the Hietaniemi Cemetery in Helsinki in a state funeral with full military honors on 4 February 1951.
  • On the 4th of June every year, the Finnish Defense Forces celebrate his birthday as their Flag Day. The government made this decision on his 75th birthday in 1942.
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Article Title
- Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Biography
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- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
Website
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URL
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/carl-gustaf-emil-mannerheim-9105.php
Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim

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