Revolutionaries

A revolution is a drastic and sudden change which is instigated or propagated by a revolutionary, which means that revolutionaries, as the name suggests, are people who take up the cause of bringing about change in an existing system. Revolutions, in the past, have been responsible for changes in political, religious and even economic ideologies. A revolutionary is generally the one person who decides that he or she has had enough of the perceived injustice enforced by a system and decides to directly or indirectly; take steps to facilitate the removal of the unjust system. The history of the world has shown us examples of such instances in the form of various movements, instigated or propagated by individuals that have led to the complete collapse of entire governments and resulted in the establishment of a new regime or government that is supposed to correct the wrongs of the one it’s replacing. The word revolution can also apply to non-political revolutions like the field of technology and industry which saw its biggest boom during the industrial revolution. During this period production methods saw an increasing shift from manual production to the use of machines to produce goods. Even though, at times, the word revolutionary is used in conjunction with science and art more often than not, it relates to the political aspect of revolutions. Listed below is a list of some of the notable revolutionaries with their complete biographies that include timelines, trivia and life stories.
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 1 Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte
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Famous As: Emperor of the French
Birthdate: August 15, 1769
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: May 5, 1821

 2 Che Guevara

Che Guevara
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Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: June 14, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Argentinian
Died: October 9, 1967

Argentine Marxist revolutionary, Che Guevara, was a major figure of the Cuban Revolution. A physician by profession, he developed radical views upon witnessing the injustices in the world and joined Fidel Castro’s revolutionary 26th of July Movement. Assassinated in 1967, he remains both a revered and reviled historical figure.

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 3 B. R. Ambedkar

B. R. Ambedkar
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Famous As: Indian Jurist
Birthdate: April 14, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 6, 1956

India's first Minister of Law and Justice, B. R. Ambedkar inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement. He also fought against social discrimination prevalent in India at that time. Widely regarded as the chief architect of the Constitution of India, Ambedkar was posthumously honored with India's highest civilian award - The Bharat Ratna.

 4 Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh
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Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: September 27, 1907
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian
Died: March 23, 1931

Bhagat Singh is one of the most revered freedom fighters of Indian Independence movement. His execution by the British rulers at a young age of 23 inspired many young people to join the freedom struggle. His life’s mission was to free India from colonial rule and his legacy as a symbol of bravery and patriotism continues to live on.

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 5 Jose Rizal

Jose Rizal
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Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Filipino
Died: December 30, 1896

Jose Rizal was a Filipino polymath and nationalist. An ophthalmologist by profession, Rizal turned towards writing and inspired the Philippine Revolution through his writings. The revolution eventually led to Philippine independence and Rizal became a national hero. His life has inspired several biographical films and TV series.

 6 Pol Pot

Pol Pot
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Cambodia
Birthdate: May 19, 1925
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Cambodian
Died: April 15, 1998

Pol Pot was a Cambodian politician who served as the prime minister of Democratic Kampuchea from 1975 and 1979. Widely considered a totalitarian dictator, Pol Pot was responsible for the Cambodian genocide, which resulted in the death of 1.5 to 2 million people. He was found guilty of crimes against humanity and placed under house arrest until his death.

 7 William Wallace

William Wallace
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Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: 1270 AD
Nationality: Scottish
Died: August 23, 1305

William Wallace was a Scottish knight who played an important role in the First War of Scottish Independence. Since his death, Wallace has been viewed as an iconic figure whose story of bravery and valor has inspired several works of art, including the Academy Award-winning film Braveheart. Wallace has also inspired video games and brewery companies, such is his popularity.

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 8 Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 7, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Died: August 21, 1940

A Russian politician, political theorist, and revolutionary, Leon Trotsky developed a political ideology called Trotskyism, which eventually had a considerable impact on Russian politics. He also played a vital role in leading the Red Army to victory in the Russian Civil War.

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 9 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
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Famous As: Founder of the Republic of Turkey,
Birthdate: May 19, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Turkish
Died: November 10, 1938

 10 Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai-shek
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Famous As: President of the Republic of China
Birthdate: October 31, 1887
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Chinese
Died: April 5, 1975

Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese revolutionary who led the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and later on in Taiwan until his death. He is credited with successfully leading the Northern Expedition against the Beiyang government, achieving Chinese unification. He was involved in a civil war with Communist Party of China, which he lost in 1949 and retreated to Taiwan.

 11 Ali Khamenei

Ali Khamenei
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Famous As: Supreme Leader of Iran
Birthdate: July 17, 1939
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Iranian
Ali Khamenei has been serving as the supreme leader of Iran since 1989 and has previously been its president. He is one of the co-founders of the Islamic Republic Party and led his country during the Iran–Iraq War. His reign has also seen extreme treatment of journalists and protestors.

 12 Andres Bonifacio

Andres Bonifacio
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Famous As: Filipino Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 30, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Filipino
Died: May 10, 1897

 13 Robert Mugabe

Robert Mugabe
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Famous As: Former PM & President of Zimbabwe
Birthdate: February 21, 1924
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Zimbabwean
Died: September 6, 2019

Robert Mugabe was a Zimbabwean revolutionary. He played a major role in the Rhodesian Bush War, which eventually led to the Lancaster House Agreement, resulting in the creation of the Republic of Zimbabwe. Subsequently, Mugabe served as the first prime minister of Zimbabwe and later as its president. A controversial figure, Mugabe is also often criticized for his tyrannical ways.

 14 Huey P. Newton

Huey Newton
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Famous As: American political activist
Birthdate: February 17, 1942
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: August 22, 1989

Huey P. Newton was an African-American civil and political rights activist. He is credited with co-founding The Black Panther Party (BPP), which went on to become one of black movement's most influential organizations of the late-1960s. The party, under Newton's leadership, founded more than 60 community support programs, including Free Breakfast for Children, which provided food to thousands of children.

 15 Josip Broz Tito

Josip Broz Tito
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Birthdate: May 7, 1892
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Yugoslav
Died: May 4, 1980
Josip Broz Tito served as the prime minister of Yugoslavia from 1944 to 1963 and as its president from 1953 to 1980. He was also the Marshal of Yugoslavia. During World War II, he led the Partisans. He was also one of the main figures behind the Non-Aligned Movement.

 16 Thomas Sankara

Thomas Sankara
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Famous As: President
Birthdate: December 21, 1949
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Burkinabe
Died: October 15, 1987
Thomas Sankara, or “Africa's Che Guevara,” was a Burkinabé military leader and revolutionary who became the President of the Republic of Upper Volta after a coup in 1983, changing its name to Burkina Faso. He launched educational, ecological, and economic reforms and declared female genital mutilation and forced marriages illegal.

 17 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
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Famous As: Indian scholar
Birthdate: November 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 22, 1958

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was an Indian independence activist, Islamic theologian, and scholar. He played a key role in the Indian independence movement, serving as a senior leader of the Congress. His contribution to the Indian education system is recognized across India by celebrating his birthday as National Education Day

 18 Thomas Paine

Thomas Paine
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Famous As: Founding Father of the United States
Birthdate: January 29, 1737
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British, American
Died: June 8, 1809

English-born American political activist, philosopher, and revolutionary, Thomas Paine, is credited to have penned some of the most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution. His works inspired the common people of America and motivated them to fight for independence from British rule. He was ostracized for criticizing Christianity and died a lonely man.

 19 Gavrilo Princip

Gavrilo Princip
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Famous As: Assassinator of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Birthdate: July 25, 1894
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Bosnian, Czech, Serbian
Died: April 28, 1918

 20 Pancho Villa

Pancho Villa
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Famous As: General
Birthdate: June 5, 1878
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Mexican
Died: July 20, 1923
Military leader Pancho Villa was a significant figure of the Mexican Revolution. He supported the ouster of dictator Porfirio Diaz and later fought to remove Victoriano Huerta from power. He also allied with Emiliano Zapata and fought against Venustiano Carranza. He remains immortalized in many films and novels.

 21 Begum Hazrat Mahal

Begum Hazrat Mahal
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Famous As: Wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah
Birthdate: 1820 AD
Nationality: Indian, Nepalese
Died: April 7, 1879

Also known as Begum of Awadh, Begum Hazrat Mahal was the second wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. She is remembered for rebelling against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Following her husband’s exile, she took over affairs in the state of Awadh. However, she was forced by the British to abandon Awadh.

 22 Paul Revere

Paul Revere
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Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: January 1, 1735
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: May 10, 1818

 23 Rosa Luxemburg

Rosa Luxemburg
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Famous As: Marxist Theorist
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German, Polish
Died: January 15, 1919

 24 Toussaint Louverture

Toussaint Louverture
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Famous As: Leader of the Haitian Revolution
Birthdate: May 20, 1743
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: April 7, 1803

 25 Samuel Adams

Samuel Adams
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Famous As: Founding Father of the United States
Birthdate: September 27, 1722
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: October 2, 1803

 26 Tecumseh

Tecumseh
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Famous As: Native American Leader
Birthdate: February 29, 1768
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: October 5, 1813

 27 Jacob Zuma

Jacob Zuma
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Famous As: Fourth President of South Africa
Birthdate: April 12, 1942
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: South African

 28 Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey
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Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 19, 1827
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 8, 1857

 29 Bobby Sands

Bobby Sands
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Birthdate: March 9, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Irish
Died: May 5, 1981

 30 Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak
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Famous As: Indian teacher
Birthdate: July 23, 1856
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian
Died: August 1, 1920

 31 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
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Famous As: Independence Activist, Reformer
Birthdate: May 28, 1883
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 26, 1966

 32 Emiliano Zapata

Emiliano Zapata
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Famous As: Mexican Political figure
Birthdate: August 8, 1879
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Mexican
Died: April 10, 1919

 33 Birsa Munda

Birsa Munda
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Famous As: Tribal Leader Who Revolted Against the British Rule
Birthdate: November 15, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: June 9, 1900

 34 Éamon de Valera

Éamon de Valera
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Famous As: Former President of Ireland
Birthdate: October 14, 1882
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: August 29, 1975

 35 Sri Aurobindo

Sri Aurobindo
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Famous As: Political and Spiritual Leader
Birthdate: August 15, 1872
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 5, 1950

 36 Patrick Henry

Patrick Henry
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Famous As: 5th & 6th Governor of Virginia, Orator, Revolutionary leader, Prominent promoter of American Revolution and Independence
Birthdate: May 29, 1736
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: June 6, 1799

 37 Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai
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Famous As: Freedom Fighter
Birthdate: January 28, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: November 17, 1928

 38 Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad
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Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 23, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 27, 1931

 39 Apolinario Mabini

Apolinario Mabini
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Famous As: Revolutionary leader
Birthdate: July 23, 1864
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Filipino
Died: May 13, 1903

 40 Louis Riel

Louis Riel
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 22, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Canadian
Died: November 16, 1885

 41 Hu Yaobang

Hu Yaobang
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Famous As: Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
Birthdate: November 20, 1915
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Chinese
Died: April 15, 1989

 42 Mikhail Bakunin

Mikhail Bakunin
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 30, 1814
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swiss, Russian
Died: July 1, 1876

 43 Jiang Qing

Jiang Qing
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 5, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Chinese
Died: May 14, 1991

 44 Nestor Makhno

Nestor Makhno
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Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 7, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Ukrainian
Died: July 25, 1934

 45 Denmark Vesey

Denmark Vesey
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Famous As: Carpenters
Birthdate: 1767 AD
Nationality: American
Died: July 2, 1822

 46 Jose Marti

Jose Marti
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: January 28, 1853
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Cuban
Died: May 19, 1895

 47 Jean-Jacques Dessalines

Jean-Jacques Dessalines
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Famous As: Haitian General
Birthdate: September 20, 1758
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Guinean, Haitian
Died: August 17, 1806

 48 Georges Danton

Georges Danton
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Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: October 26, 1759
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: April 5, 1794

 49 Nana Saheb

Nana Saheb
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Famous As: Peshwa of the Maratha Empire
Birthdate: May 19, 1824
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1859 AD

 50 Grace O'Malley

Grace O'Malley
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Famous As: Pirate
Birthdate: 1530 AD
Nationality: Irish
Died: June 18, 1603
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