El Cid Biography
Born In: Vivar, Burgos
El Cid was a Castilian knight and warlord in medieval Spain who earned the title while leading the Moorish forces of Zaragoza, and was known as 'El Campeador' to the Christian armies he led. He was raised in the court of King Ferdinand the Great and served his successor, Sancho II, under whose rule he became the commander and royal standard-bearer of Castile. He helped Sancho against his brothers, Alfonso VI of León and García II of Galicia, and the Muslim kingdoms in Al-Andalus, until Sancho was assassinated. He subsequently served Sancho's brother Alfonso, but his power was reduced significantly, and he was later exiled in 1081. He then became a mercenary captain for the Muslim rulers of Zaragoza before being called back by Alfonso when the Almoravid Berbers invaded the Peninsula in 1086. In 1094, he defeated the invaders and became the ruler of Valencia, which he ruled peacefully until his death in 1099.