Famous Intellectuals & Academics Of The 20th Century
People born and die every day but there are some who deliver so much in their lifetime that their glory is sung for decades and centuries after. They leave a lasting imprint of their knowledge which the people not just adopt but adapt into their lifestyle for a better living. Turn the pages of history and you would be astonished to know that each century has had a stream of intellectuals and academicians who through their learning, critical thinking and analysis, research and reasoning made new discoveries in different fields such as literature, medicine, law and scientific research. While earlier the intellectuals or the thinking class was reserved to a privileged few, mostly those belonging to the upper rich class, with a change in time, education became accessible to all and intellectuals and academicians came from different background and cultures. In the 20th century, the world witnessed the largest influx of intellectuals and academicians who presented new theories and philosophies based on their knowledge, understanding and learning. These intellectuals played a critical role in the development of the world. Few names that adorn the list include Alva Myrdal, BF Skinner, Alan Watts, Albert Camus and so on. Check this segment to find out information regarding famous intellectuals and academics of the 20th century.
Jordan PetersonJordan Peterson
12 June 1962, Canadian
Clinical Psychologist
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer

Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky
07 December 1928, American
Linguist

Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India

Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan
03 February 1963, Indian
Adviser

Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II
18 May 1920, Polish
The 264th Pope (Bishop of Rome)
T. E. LawrenceT. E. Lawrence
16 August 1888, British
Archaeologist

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915, British, American
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933, Indian
Economist & Philosopher

Jane GoodallJane Goodall
03 April 1934, British
Anthropologist
Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault
15 October 1926, French
French philosopher

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
22 August 1904, Chinese
 
Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913, Algerian, French
Philosopher

Milton FriedmanMilton Friedman
31 July 1912, American
Economist, Statistician

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre
21 June 1905, French
Philosopher
Sam HarrisSam Harris
09 April 1967, American
Philosopher, Author

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Ann DunhamAnn Dunham
29 November 1942, American
Barack Obama's Mother

B. F. SkinnerB. F. Skinner
20 March 1904, American
American psychologist

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
14 October 1906, German
Philosopher
John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American
Philosopher

Terence McKennaTerence McKenna
16 November 1946, American
Philosopher, Psychonaut, Ethnobotanist, Author
Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908, French
Writer

Abraham MaslowAbraham Maslow
01 April 1908, American
 

Alan GreenspanAlan Greenspan
06 March 1926, American
American economist

Viktor FranklViktor Frankl
26 March 1905, Austrian
Psychiatrist
Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
18 September 1954, Canadian, American
Psychologist, Linguists
Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902, British
Philosopher

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida
15 July 1930, Algerian, French
Philosopher

Peter NavarroPeter Navarro
15 July 1949, American
Economist

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891, Italian
Politician, Philosopher
Gerald DurrellGerald Durrell
07 January 1925, British
Naturalist, Conservationist

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David KahnemanDaniel Kahneman
05 March 1934, Israeli, American
American-Israeli psychologist

Peter DruckerPeter Drucker
19 November 1909, American
Management Consultant

Erik EriksonErik Erikson
15 June 1902, Canadian, German, American
American-German psychologist

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932, Italian
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher
Enoch PowellEnoch Powell
16 June 1912, British
 

Alice RobertsAlice Roberts
19 May 1973, British
Anthropologist
Carl RogersCarl Rogers
08 January 1902, American
Psychologist

Muhammad YunusMuhammad Yunus
28 June 1940, Bangladeshi
 

Richard ProennekeRichard Proenneke
04 May 1916, American
Naturalist
William Moulton MarstonWilliam Moulton Marston
09 May 1893, American
Psychologist

Marshall McLuhanMarshall McLuhan
21 July 1911, Canadian
Philosopher
Jacques LacanJacques Lacan
13 April 1901, French
Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
14 January 1875, French
Philosopher, Theologian

Camille PagliaCamille Paglia
02 April 1947, American
Cultural critic

John RawlsJohn Rawls
21 February 1921, American
American Philosopher

Margaret MeadMargaret Mead
16 December 1901, American
Cultural Anthropologist
Kurt GödelKurt Gödel
28 April 1906, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Theodor W. AdornoTheodor W. Adorno
11 September 1903, German
Philosopher

Howard CarterHoward Carter
09 May 1874, British
Archaeologist

Albert BanduraAlbert Bandura
04 December 1925, Canadian, American
Psychologist
Peter SingerPeter Singer
06 July 1946, Australian
Philosopher

Mario Vargas LlosaMario Vargas Llosa
28 March 1936, Peruvian
Writer
Zbigniew BrzezinskiZbigniew Brzezinski
28 March 1928, Polish, American
Former Diplomat, Political Scientist

David SuzukiDavid Suzuki
24 March 1936, Canadian
Academic, Enviromental Activist

Ben BernankeBen Bernanke
13 December 1953, American
Economist
Carlos Salinas de GortariCarlos Salinas de Gortari
03 April 1948, Mexican
President

Paulo FreirePaulo Freire
19 September 1921, Brazilian
Educator and Philosopher
Bruce H. MannBruce H. Mann
27 April 1950, American
Professor

Carlos CastanedaCarlos Castaneda
25 December 1925, American
Author

Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
12 November 1915, French
French Literary Theorist & Philosopher
Daniel DennettDaniel Dennett
28 March 1942, American
 

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist
Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969, Swiss, British
Author

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

David McCulloughDavid McCullough
07 July 1933, American
Author, Historian

Benjamin GrahamBenjamin Graham
09 May 1894, American
Economist, Investor
Richard ThalerRichard Thaler
12 September 1945, American
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics (2017)
Simone WeilSimone Weil
03 February 1909, French
Philosopher, mystic and social activist

Christina Hoff SommersChristina Hoff Sommers
28 September 1950, American
Author, Philosopher

Larry SangerLarry Sanger
16 July 1968, American
Co-Founder of Wikipedia

Murray RothbardMurray Rothbard
02 March 1926, American
Economist
Paul VolckerPaul Volcker
05 September 1927, American
Former Chair of the Federal Reserve

Michael PorterMichael Porter
23 May 1947, American
Economist, Researcher, Author, Advisor, Speaker

Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff
29 November 1942, German
Economist

Paul SamuelsonPaul Samuelson
15 May 1915, American
Economist

John Kenneth GalbraithJohn Kenneth Galbraith
15 October 1908, Canadian
Economist
René GirardRené Girard
25 December 1923, French
Philosopher

Samuel P. HuntingtonSamuel P. Huntington
18 April 1927, American
 
Randy PauschRandy Pausch
23 October 1960, American
Motivational Speaker, Educationist, Professor

David HarveyDavid Harvey
31 October 1935, British
Professor of Anthropology & Geography

Kristalina GeorgievaKristalina Georgieva
13 August 1953, Bulgarian
Managing Director of the IMF
Ken WilberKen Wilber
31 January 1949, American
Writer, Philosopher

Martin SeligmanMartin Seligman
12 August 1942, American
Psychologist
Gary BeckerGary Becker
02 December 1930, American
Economist

Robert SolowRobert Solow
23 August 1924, American
Economist

Kenneth ArrowKenneth Arrow
23 August 1921, American
Economist & Political Theorist

Albert EllisAlbert Ellis
27 September 1913, American
Psychologist
Robert M. PirsigRobert M. Pirsig
06 September 1928, American
Writer, Philosopher

Louis LeakeyLouis Leakey
07 August 1903, Kenyan, British
Paleoanthropologist and Archaeologist
Edward de BonoEdward de Bono
19 May 1933, Maltese, British
Author, Consultant

Ronald CoaseRonald Coase
29 December 1910, British
Economist
Simon KuznetsSimon Kuznets
30 April 1901, American
Economist

Paul FarmerPaul Farmer
26 October 1959, American
 
Harry Max MarkowitzHarry Markowitz
24 August 1927, American
Economist