People born and die every day but there are some who deliver so much in their lifetime that their glory is sung for decades and centuries after. They leave a lasting imprint of their knowledge which the people not just adopt but adapt into their lifestyle for a better living. Turn the pages of history and you would be astonished to know that each century has had a stream of intellectuals and academicians who through their learning, critical thinking and analysis, research and reasoning made new discoveries in different fields such as literature, medicine, law and scientific research. While earlier the intellectuals or the thinking class was reserved to a privileged few, mostly those belonging to the upper rich class, with a change in time, education became accessible to all and intellectuals and academicians came from different background and cultures. In the 20th century, the world witnessed the largest influx of intellectuals and academicians who presented new theories and philosophies based on their knowledge, understanding and learning. These intellectuals played a critical role in the development of the world. Few names that adorn the list include Alva Myrdal, BF Skinner, Alan Watts, Albert Camus and so on. Check this segment to find out information regarding famous intellectuals and academics of the 20th century.
Jordan PetersonJordan Peterson
12 June 1962, Canadian
Clinical Psychologist
Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer

Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II
18 May 1920, Polish
The 264th Pope (Bishop of Rome)

Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
06 May 1856, Austrian
Neurologist

Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky
07 December 1928, American
Linguist
Anthony BluntAnthony Blunt
26 September 1907, British
Art Historian, University Teacher

Jane GoodallJane Goodall
03 April 1934, British
Anthropologist

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915, British, American
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker
T. E. LawrenceT. E. Lawrence
16 August 1888, British
Archaeologist

Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913, Algerian, French
Philosopher
Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India

Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault
15 October 1926, French
French philosopher

Abhijit BanerjeeAbhijit Banerjee
21 February 1961, Indian, American
Economist

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre
21 June 1905, French
Philosopher

Carlos Salinas de GortariCarlos Salinas de Gortari
03 April 1948, Mexican
President
Ann DunhamAnn Dunham
29 November 1942, American
Barack Obama's Mother

Milton FriedmanMilton Friedman
31 July 1912, American
Economist, Statistician

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
22 August 1904, Chinese
 

Sam HarrisSam Harris
09 April 1967, American
Philosopher, Author
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist

Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933, Indian
Economist & Philosopher
Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
14 October 1906, German
Philosopher

Paul VolckerPaul Volcker
05 September 1927, American
Former Chair of the Federal Reserve

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908, French
Writer
Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891, Italian
Politician, Philosopher

Terence McKennaTerence McKenna
16 November 1946, American
Philosopher, Psychonaut, Ethnobotanist, Author
Bruce H. MannBruce H. Mann
27 April 1950, American
Professor

John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American
Philosopher

Viktor FranklViktor Frankl
26 March 1905, Austrian
Psychiatrist
B. F. SkinnerB. F. Skinner
20 March 1904, American
American psychologist

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Alan GreenspanAlan Greenspan
06 March 1926, American
American economist
Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan
03 February 1963, Indian
Adviser

Abraham MaslowAbraham Maslow
01 April 1908, American
 

David KahnemanDaniel Kahneman
05 March 1934, Israeli, American
American-Israeli psychologist

Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
18 September 1954, Canadian, American
Psychologist, Linguists
Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902, British
Philosopher
Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida
15 July 1930, Algerian, French
Philosopher

Enoch PowellEnoch Powell
16 June 1912, British
 

William Moulton MarstonWilliam Moulton Marston
09 May 1893, American
Psychologist

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932, Italian
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher
Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi
30 December 1879, Indian
Philosopher

Peter SingerPeter Singer
06 July 1946, Australian
Philosopher

Jacques LacanJacques Lacan
13 April 1901, French
Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist

Peter DruckerPeter Drucker
19 November 1909, American
Management Consultant

John RawlsJohn Rawls
21 February 1921, American
American Philosopher
Marshall McLuhanMarshall McLuhan
21 July 1911, Canadian
Philosopher

Erik EriksonErik Erikson
15 June 1902, Canadian, German, American
American-German psychologist
Richard ProennekeRichard Proenneke
04 May 1916, American
Naturalist

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
14 January 1875, French
Philosopher, Theologian

Carl RogersCarl Rogers
08 January 1902, American
Psychologist
Gerald DurrellGerald Durrell
07 January 1925, British
Naturalist, Conservationist

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969, Swiss, British
Author
Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898, Italian
Philosopher

Claude ShannonClaude Shannon
30 April 1916, American
Mathematician, Cryptographer

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist

Kurt GödelKurt Gödel
28 April 1906, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Muhammad YunusMuhammad Yunus
28 June 1940, Bangladeshi
 
Howard CarterHoward Carter
09 May 1874, British
Archaeologist

António de Oliveira SalazarAntónio de Oliveira Salazar
28 April 1889, Portuguese
Former Acting President of Portugal

Mario Vargas LlosaMario Vargas Llosa
28 March 1936, Peruvian
Writer

Zbigniew BrzezinskiZbigniew Brzezinski
28 March 1928, Polish, American
Former Diplomat, Political Scientist
Ben BernankeBen Bernanke
13 December 1953, American
Economist

Margaret MeadMargaret Mead
16 December 1901, American
Cultural Anthropologist
Kristalina GeorgievaKristalina Georgieva
13 August 1953, Bulgarian
Managing Director of the IMF

Camille PagliaCamille Paglia
02 April 1947, American
Cultural critic

Carlos CastanedaCarlos Castaneda
25 December 1925, American
Author
Theodor W. AdornoTheodor W. Adorno
11 September 1903, German
Philosopher

Paulo FreirePaulo Freire
19 September 1921, Brazilian
Educator and Philosopher
Albert BanduraAlbert Bandura
04 December 1925, Canadian, American
Psychologist

Daniel DennettDaniel Dennett
28 March 1942, American
 

Alice RobertsAlice Roberts
19 May 1973, British
Anthropologist
Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
12 November 1915, French
French Literary Theorist & Philosopher

Joseph SchumpeterJoseph Schumpeter
08 February 1883, Austrian, Czech
Economist
Larry SangerLarry Sanger
16 July 1968, American
Co-Founder of Wikipedia

Benjamin GrahamBenjamin Graham
09 May 1894, American
Economist, Investor

Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
26 November 1857, Swiss
Linguist

Erich FrommErich Fromm
23 March 1900, German
Psychologist
John B. WatsonJohn B. Watson
09 January 1878, American
Psychologist
David SuzukiDavid Suzuki
24 March 1936, Canadian
Academic, Enviromental Activist

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888, German
Jurist, Geopolitician, Political Scientist

Richard ThalerRichard Thaler
12 September 1945, American
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics (2017)
Christina Hoff SommersChristina Hoff Sommers
28 September 1950, American
Author, Philosopher

Murray RothbardMurray Rothbard
02 March 1926, American
Economist

David McCulloughDavid McCullough
07 July 1933, American
Author, Historian

Peter NavarroPeter Navarro
15 July 1949, American
Economist

Michael PorterMichael Porter
23 May 1947, American
Economist, Researcher, Author, Advisor, Speaker
Mircea EliadeMircea Eliade
13 March 1907, Romanian
Historian of Religion

Herbert MarcuseHerbert Marcuse
18 July 1898, German, American
Philosopher
Martin NiemöllerMartin Niemöller
14 January 1892, German
Theologian

Simone WeilSimone Weil
03 February 1909, French
Philosopher, mystic and social activist
Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff
29 November 1942, German
Economist
Ronald FisherRonald Fisher
17 February 1890, British
Statistician