List of famous intellectuals & academics of the 20th century who through their learning, critical thinking and analysis, research and reasoning made new discoveries in their fields.

Famous Intellectuals & Academics Of The 20th Century
People born and die every day but there are some who deliver so much in their lifetime that their glory is sung for decades and centuries after. They leave a lasting imprint of their knowledge which the people not just adopt but adapt into their lifestyle for a better living. Turn the pages of history and you would be astonished to know that each century has had a stream of intellectuals and academicians who through their learning, critical thinking and analysis, research and reasoning made new discoveries in different fields such as literature, medicine, law and scientific research. While earlier the intellectuals or the thinking class was reserved to a privileged few, mostly those belonging to the upper rich class, with a change in time, education became accessible to all and intellectuals and academicians came from different background and cultures. In the 20th century, the world witnessed the largest influx of intellectuals and academicians who presented new theories and philosophies based on their knowledge, understanding and learning. These intellectuals played a critical role in the development of the world. Few names that adorn the list include Alva Myrdal, BF Skinner, Alan Watts, Albert Camus and so on. Check this segment to find out information regarding famous intellectuals and academics of the 20th century.
Jordan PetersonJordan Peterson

12 June 1962

Canadian

Jane GoodallJane Goodall

03 April 1934

British

Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky

07 December 1928

American

Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II

18 May 1920

Polish

Kurt GödelKurt Gödel

28 April 1906

American

Alan WattsAlan Watts

06 January 1915

British,American

Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault

15 October 1926

French

Albert CamusAlbert Camus

07 November 1913

Algerian,French

Enoch PowellEnoch Powell

16 June 1912

British

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping

22 August 1904

Chinese

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre

21 June 1905

French

Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh

26 September 1932

Indian

Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan

03 February 1963

Indian

Milton FriedmanMilton Friedman

31 July 1912

American

Ann DunhamAnn Dunham

29 November 1942

American

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir

09 January 1908

French

John DeweyJohn Dewey

20 October 1859

American

B. F. SkinnerB. F. Skinner

20 March 1904

American

Amartya SenAmartya Sen

03 November 1933

Indian

Terence McKennaTerence McKenna

16 November 1946

American

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida

15 July 1930

Algerian,French

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt

14 October 1906

German

Abraham MaslowAbraham Maslow

01 April 1908

American

Alan GreenspanAlan Greenspan

06 March 1926

American

Karl PopperKarl Popper

28 July 1902

British

David KahnemanDaniel Kahneman

05 March 1934

Israeli,American

Erik EriksonErik Erikson

15 June 1902

Canadian,German,American

Carl RogersCarl Rogers

08 January 1902

American

Mario Vargas LlosaMario Vargas Llosa

28 March 1936

Peruvian

Peter SingerPeter Singer

06 July 1946

Australian

Jacques LacanJacques Lacan

13 April 1901

French

Camille PagliaCamille Paglia

02 April 1947

American

Peter DruckerPeter Drucker

19 November 1909

American

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer

14 January 1875

French

John RawlsJohn Rawls

21 February 1921

American

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco

05 January 1932

Italian

Christina Hoff SommersChristina Hoff Sommers

28 September 1950

American

Daniel DennettDaniel Dennett

28 March 1942

American

Muhammad YunusMuhammad Yunus

28 June 1940

Bangladeshi

David SuzukiDavid Suzuki

24 March 1936

Canadian

Margaret MeadMargaret Mead

16 December 1901

American

Ben BernankeBen Bernanke

13 December 1953

American

Carlos CastanedaCarlos Castaneda

25 December 1925

American

Albert BanduraAlbert Bandura

04 December 1925

Canadian,American

Roland BarthesRoland Barthes

12 November 1915

French

Paulo FreirePaulo Freire

19 September 1921

Brazilian

Richard ThalerRichard Thaler

12 September 1945

American

Randy PauschRandy Pausch

23 October 1960

American

Benjamin GrahamBenjamin Graham

09 May 1894

American

Michael PorterMichael Porter

23 May 1947

American

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin

09 December 1842

Russian

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton

20 December 1969

Swiss,British

Murray RothbardMurray Rothbard

02 March 1926

American

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana

16 December 1863

Spanish,Italian

David McCulloughDavid McCullough

07 July 1933

American

Simone WeilSimone Weil

03 February 1909

French

Samuel P. HuntingtonSamuel P. Huntington

18 April 1927

American

John Kenneth GalbraithJohn Kenneth Galbraith

15 October 1908

Canadian

Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff

29 November 1942

German

Larry SangerLarry Sanger

16 July 1968

American

Louis LeakeyLouis Leakey

07 August 1903

Kenyan,British

Paul SamuelsonPaul Samuelson

15 May 1915

American

Ken WilberKen Wilber

31 January 1949

American

Albert EllisAlbert Ellis

27 September 1913

American

David HarveyDavid Harvey

31 October 1935

British

Gary BeckerGary Becker

02 December 1930

American

Paul FarmerPaul Farmer

26 October 1959

American

Robert SolowRobert Solow

23 August 1924

American

Robert M. PirsigRobert M. Pirsig

06 September 1928

American

Harry Max MarkowitzHarry Markowitz

24 August 1927

American

Edward de BonoEdward de Bono

19 May 1933

Maltese,British

Ronald CoaseRonald Coase

29 December 1910

British

Francis SchaefferFrancis Schaeffer

30 January 1912

American

Kenneth ArrowKenneth Arrow

23 August 1921

American

Pitirim SorokinPitirim Sorokin

21 January 1889

American,Russian

Allan BloomAllan Bloom

14 September 1930

American

Arthur M SchlesingerArthur M. Schlesinger Jr.

15 October 1917

American

Abraham Joshua HeschelAbraham Joshua Heschel

11 January 1907

Polish

Simon KuznetsSimon Kuznets

30 April 1901

American

Imre LakatosImre Lakatos

09 November 1922

Hungarian

Myron ScholesMyron Scholes

01 July 1941

Canadian,American