Famous Intellectuals & Academics Of The 20th Century
People born and die every day but there are some who deliver so much in their lifetime that their glory is sung for decades and centuries after. They leave a lasting imprint of their knowledge which the people not just adopt but adapt into their lifestyle for a better living. Turn the pages of history and you would be astonished to know that each century has had a stream of intellectuals and academicians who through their learning, critical thinking and analysis, research and reasoning made new discoveries in different fields such as literature, medicine, law and scientific research. While earlier the intellectuals or the thinking class was reserved to a privileged few, mostly those belonging to the upper rich class, with a change in time, education became accessible to all and intellectuals and academicians came from different background and cultures. In the 20th century, the world witnessed the largest influx of intellectuals and academicians who presented new theories and philosophies based on their knowledge, understanding and learning. These intellectuals played a critical role in the development of the world. Few names that adorn the list include Alva Myrdal, BF Skinner, Alan Watts, Albert Camus and so on. Check this segment to find out information regarding famous intellectuals and academics of the 20th century.
Jordan PetersonJordan Peterson
12 June 1962, Canadian
Clinical Psychologist
Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky
07 December 1928, American
Linguist

Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India

Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II
18 May 1920, Polish
The 264th Pope (Bishop of Rome)

T. E. LawrenceT. E. Lawrence
16 August 1888, British
Archaeologist

Jane GoodallJane Goodall
03 April 1934, British
Anthropologist
Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915, British, American
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
22 August 1904, Chinese
 

Sam HarrisSam Harris
09 April 1967, American
Philosopher, Author

Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913, Algerian, French
Philosopher
Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault
15 October 1926, French
French philosopher

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre
21 June 1905, French
Philosopher
Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933, Indian
Economist & Philosopher

Milton FriedmanMilton Friedman
31 July 1912, American
Economist, Statistician

Ann DunhamAnn Dunham
29 November 1942, American
Barack Obama's Mother
Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan
03 February 1963, Indian
Adviser

Terence McKennaTerence McKenna
16 November 1946, American
Philosopher, Psychonaut, Ethnobotanist, Author
Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
14 October 1906, German
Philosopher

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908, French
Writer
John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American
Philosopher

Abraham MaslowAbraham Maslow
01 April 1908, American
 
B. F. SkinnerB. F. Skinner
20 March 1904, American
American psychologist

Alan GreenspanAlan Greenspan
06 March 1926, American
American economist

Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
18 September 1954, Canadian, American
Psychologist, Linguists

Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902, British
Philosopher
Alice RobertsAlice Roberts
19 May 1973, British
Anthropologist
Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida
15 July 1930, Algerian, French
Philosopher

Enoch PowellEnoch Powell
16 June 1912, British
 

David KahnemanDaniel Kahneman
05 March 1934, Israeli, American
American-Israeli psychologist

Richard ProennekeRichard Proenneke
04 May 1916, American
Naturalist
Peter DruckerPeter Drucker
19 November 1909, American
Management Consultant

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Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932, Italian
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher

Carl RogersCarl Rogers
08 January 1902, American
Psychologist

Erik EriksonErik Erikson
15 June 1902, Canadian, German, American
American-German psychologist

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
14 January 1875, French
Philosopher, Theologian
Marshall McLuhanMarshall McLuhan
21 July 1911, Canadian
Philosopher

Zbigniew BrzezinskiZbigniew Brzezinski
28 March 1928, Polish, American
Former Diplomat, Political Scientist
Muhammad YunusMuhammad Yunus
28 June 1940, Bangladeshi
 

Jacques LacanJacques Lacan
13 April 1901, French
Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist

William Moulton MarstonWilliam Moulton Marston
09 May 1893, American
Psychologist
Ben BernankeBen Bernanke
13 December 1953, American
Economist

Carlos Salinas de GortariCarlos Salinas de Gortari
03 April 1948, Mexican
President
Kurt GödelKurt Gödel
28 April 1906, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Margaret MeadMargaret Mead
16 December 1901, American
Cultural Anthropologist

Mario Vargas LlosaMario Vargas Llosa
28 March 1936, Peruvian
Writer

Bruce H. MannBruce H. Mann
27 April 1950, American
Professor

Camille PagliaCamille Paglia
02 April 1947, American
Cultural critic
Peter SingerPeter Singer
06 July 1946, Australian
Philosopher

John RawlsJohn Rawls
21 February 1921, American
American Philosopher

David McCulloughDavid McCullough
07 July 1933, American
Author, Historian

Carlos CastanedaCarlos Castaneda
25 December 1925, American
Author
Daniel DennettDaniel Dennett
28 March 1942, American
 

Larry SangerLarry Sanger
16 July 1968, American
Co-Founder of Wikipedia
 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

Christina Hoff SommersChristina Hoff Sommers
28 September 1950, American
Author, Philosopher
Simone WeilSimone Weil
03 February 1909, French
Philosopher, mystic and social activist

Paulo FreirePaulo Freire
19 September 1921, Brazilian
Educator and Philosopher
Benjamin GrahamBenjamin Graham
09 May 1894, American
Economist, Investor

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969, Swiss, British
Author

Albert BanduraAlbert Bandura
04 December 1925, Canadian, American
Psychologist
Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
12 November 1915, French
French Literary Theorist & Philosopher

Murray RothbardMurray Rothbard
02 March 1926, American
Economist
Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff
29 November 1942, German
Economist

Randy PauschRandy Pausch
23 October 1960, American
Motivational Speaker, Educationist, Professor

Richard ThalerRichard Thaler
12 September 1945, American
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics (2017)

Paul SamuelsonPaul Samuelson
15 May 1915, American
Economist
Michael PorterMichael Porter
23 May 1947, American
Economist, Researcher, Author, Advisor, Speaker
John Kenneth GalbraithJohn Kenneth Galbraith
15 October 1908, Canadian
Economist

David SuzukiDavid Suzuki
24 March 1936, Canadian
Academic, Enviromental Activist

Samuel P. HuntingtonSamuel P. Huntington
18 April 1927, American
 

Ken WilberKen Wilber
31 January 1949, American
Writer, Philosopher
David HarveyDavid Harvey
31 October 1935, British
Professor of Anthropology & Geography

Albert EllisAlbert Ellis
27 September 1913, American
Psychologist

Robert M. PirsigRobert M. Pirsig
06 September 1928, American
Writer, Philosopher

Gary BeckerGary Becker
02 December 1930, American
Economist

Louis LeakeyLouis Leakey
07 August 1903, Kenyan, British
Paleoanthropologist and Archaeologist
Robert SolowRobert Solow
23 August 1924, American
Economist

Kenneth ArrowKenneth Arrow
23 August 1921, American
Economist & Political Theorist
Edward de BonoEdward de Bono
19 May 1933, Maltese, British
Author, Consultant

Francis SchaefferFrancis Schaeffer
30 January 1912, American
Theologian, Philosopher

Harry Max MarkowitzHarry Markowitz
24 August 1927, American
Economist
Ronald CoaseRonald Coase
29 December 1910, British
Economist

Paul FarmerPaul Farmer
26 October 1959, American
 
Simon KuznetsSimon Kuznets
30 April 1901, American
Economist

Arthur M SchlesingerArthur M. Schlesinger Jr.
15 October 1917, American
Historian

Allan BloomAllan Bloom
14 September 1930, American
Philosopher

Abraham Joshua HeschelAbraham Joshua Heschel
11 January 1907, Polish
Rabbi
Imre LakatosImre Lakatos
09 November 1922, Hungarian
Philosopher

Myron ScholesMyron Scholes
01 July 1941, Canadian, American
Economist
Wassily LeontiefWassily Leontief
05 August 1906, Russian, American, Russian
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

Pitirim SorokinPitirim Sorokin
21 January 1889, American, Russian
Sociologist
Iris WeinshallIris Weinshall
05 September 1953, American
CEO of The New York Public Library

Dallas WillardDallas Willard
04 September 1935, American
 
Franco ModiglianiFranco Modigliani
10 June 1918, Italian
Economist