People born and die every day but there are some who deliver so much in their lifetime that their glory is sung for decades and centuries after. They leave a lasting imprint of their knowledge which the people not just adopt but adapt into their lifestyle for a better living. Turn the pages of history and you would be astonished to know that each century has had a stream of intellectuals and academicians who through their learning, critical thinking and analysis, research and reasoning made new discoveries in different fields such as literature, medicine, law and scientific research. While earlier the intellectuals or the thinking class was reserved to a privileged few, mostly those belonging to the upper rich class, with a change in time, education became accessible to all and intellectuals and academicians came from different background and cultures. In the 20th century, the world witnessed the largest influx of intellectuals and academicians who presented new theories and philosophies based on their knowledge, understanding and learning. These intellectuals played a critical role in the development of the world. Few names that adorn the list include Alva Myrdal, BF Skinner, Alan Watts, Albert Camus and so on. Check this segment to find out information regarding famous intellectuals and academics of the 20th century.
Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud
06 May 1856, Austrian
Neurologist
Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Jane GoodallJane Goodall
03 April 1934, British
Primatologist

Jordan PetersonJordan Peterson
12 June 1962, Canadian
Clinical Psychologist

Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky
07 December 1928, American
Linguist

Peter NavarroPeter Navarro
15 July 1949, American
Economist
Jaggi VasudevJaggi Vasudev
03 September 1957, Indian
Yoga Guru

Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II
18 May 1920, Polish
The 264th Pope (Bishop of Rome)

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Politician
Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India

T. E. LawrenceT. E. Lawrence
16 August 1888, British
Archaeologist
Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913, Algerian, French
Philosopher

Ann DunhamAnn Dunham
29 November 1942, American
Barack Obama's Mother

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
22 August 1904, Chinese
 

Sam HarrisSam Harris
09 April 1967, American
Philosopher, Author
Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault
15 October 1926, French
French philosopher

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915, British, American
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

Milton FriedmanMilton Friedman
31 July 1912, American
Economist, Statistician

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre
21 June 1905, French
Philosopher
Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan
03 February 1963, Indian
Adviser

Viktor FranklViktor Frankl
26 March 1905, Austrian
Psychiatrist
Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908, French
Writer

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
14 October 1906, German
Philosopher

Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933, Indian
Economist & Philosopher
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist

Terence McKennaTerence McKenna
16 November 1946, American
Philosopher, Psychonaut, Ethnobotanist, Author
Anthony BluntAnthony Blunt
26 September 1907, British
Art Historian, University Teacher

Samantha PowerSamantha Power
21 September 1970, American
Writer

Enoch PowellEnoch Powell
16 June 1912, British
 
Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891, Italian
Politician, Philosopher

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Alan GreenspanAlan Greenspan
06 March 1926, American
American economist
John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American
Philosopher

Zbigniew BrzezinskiZbigniew Brzezinski
28 March 1928, Polish, American
Former Diplomat, Political Scientist

Gerald DurrellGerald Durrell
07 January 1925, British
Naturalist, Conservationist

Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902, British
Philosopher
B. F. SkinnerB. F. Skinner
20 March 1904, American
American psychologist
Abraham MaslowAbraham Maslow
01 April 1908, American
 

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932, Italian
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher

Abhijit BanerjeeAbhijit Banerjee
21 February 1961, Indian, American
Economist

David KahnemanDaniel Kahneman
05 March 1934, Israeli, American
American-Israeli psychologist
David IrvingDavid Irving
24 March 1938, British
Writer

Steven PinkerSteven Pinker
18 September 1954, Canadian, American
Psychologist, Linguists

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida
15 July 1930, Algerian, French
Philosopher

António de Oliveira SalazarAntónio de Oliveira Salazar
28 April 1889, Portuguese
Former Acting President of Portugal

Carlos Salinas de GortariCarlos Salinas de Gortari
03 April 1948, Mexican
President
Ben BernankeBen Bernanke
13 December 1953, American
Economist

Howard CarterHoward Carter
09 May 1874, British
Archaeologist
Kristalina GeorgievaKristalina Georgieva
13 August 1953, Bulgarian
Managing Director of the IMF

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist

Jacques LacanJacques Lacan
13 April 1901, French
Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist
Margaret MeadMargaret Mead
16 December 1901, American
Cultural Anthropologist

Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi
30 December 1879, Indian
Philosopher
Richard ProennekeRichard Proenneke
04 May 1916, American
Naturalist

Marshall McLuhanMarshall McLuhan
21 July 1911, Canadian
Philosopher

John RawlsJohn Rawls
21 February 1921, American
American Philosopher

Jeffrey SachsJeffrey Sachs
05 November 1954, American
Economist

Peter DruckerPeter Drucker
19 November 1909, American
Management Consultant
Benjamin GrahamBenjamin Graham
09 May 1894, American
Economist, Investor

Peter SingerPeter Singer
06 July 1946, Australian
Philosopher

William Moulton MarstonWilliam Moulton Marston
09 May 1893, American
Psychologist

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
14 January 1875, French
Philosopher, Theologian
Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898, Italian
Philosopher

Kurt GödelKurt Gödel
28 April 1906, American
Mathematician, Philosopher
Claude ShannonClaude Shannon
30 April 1916, American
Mathematician, Cryptographer

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviAhmed Raza Khan Barelvi
14 June 1856, Indian
Islamic Scholar, Reformer
Mario Vargas LlosaMario Vargas Llosa
28 March 1936, Peruvian
Writer

Carl RogersCarl Rogers
08 January 1902, American
Psychologist
Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969, Swiss, British
Author

Carlos CastanedaCarlos Castaneda
25 December 1925, American
Author

Camille PagliaCamille Paglia
02 April 1947, American
Cultural critic
Herbert MarcuseHerbert Marcuse
18 July 1898, German, American
Philosopher

Theodor W. AdornoTheodor W. Adorno
11 September 1903, German
Philosopher
Erik EriksonErik Erikson
15 June 1902, Canadian, German, American
American-German psychologist

Daniel DennettDaniel Dennett
28 March 1942, American
 

Muhammad YunusMuhammad Yunus
28 June 1940, Bangladeshi
 

Ronald FisherRonald Fisher
17 February 1890, British
Statistician
Alice RobertsAlice Roberts
19 May 1973, British
Anthropologist
Erich FrommErich Fromm
23 March 1900, German
Psychologist

Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
12 November 1915, French
French Literary Theorist & Philosopher

David McCulloughDavid McCullough
07 July 1933, American
Author, Historian

Paulo FreirePaulo Freire
19 September 1921, Brazilian
Educator and Philosopher
Joseph SchumpeterJoseph Schumpeter
08 February 1883, Austrian, Czech
Economist

Murray RothbardMurray Rothbard
02 March 1926, American
Economist

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888, German
Jurist, Geopolitician, Political Scientist

Larry SangerLarry Sanger
16 July 1968, American
Co-Founder of Wikipedia

Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff
29 November 1942, German
Economist
Paul VolckerPaul Volcker
05 September 1927, American
Former Chair of the Federal Reserve

Simone WeilSimone Weil
03 February 1909, French
Philosopher, mystic and social activist
Martin NiemöllerMartin Niemöller
14 January 1892, German
Theologian

Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure
26 November 1857, Swiss
Linguist
Henry MurrayHenry Murray
13 May 1893, American
Psychologist
John Kenneth GalbraithJohn Kenneth Galbraith
15 October 1908, Canadian
Economist