List of famous intellectuals & academics of the 20th century who through their learning, critical thinking and analysis, research and reasoning made new discoveries in their fields.

Famous Intellectuals & Academics Of The 20th Century
People born and die every day but there are some who deliver so much in their lifetime that their glory is sung for decades and centuries after. They leave a lasting imprint of their knowledge which the people not just adopt but adapt into their lifestyle for a better living. Turn the pages of history and you would be astonished to know that each century has had a stream of intellectuals and academicians who through their learning, critical thinking and analysis, research and reasoning made new discoveries in different fields such as literature, medicine, law and scientific research. While earlier the intellectuals or the thinking class was reserved to a privileged few, mostly those belonging to the upper rich class, with a change in time, education became accessible to all and intellectuals and academicians came from different background and cultures. In the 20th century, the world witnessed the largest influx of intellectuals and academicians who presented new theories and philosophies based on their knowledge, understanding and learning. These intellectuals played a critical role in the development of the world. Few names that adorn the list include Alva Myrdal, BF Skinner, Alan Watts, Albert Camus and so on. Check this segment to find out information regarding famous intellectuals and academics of the 20th century.
Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky

07 December 1928

East Oak Lane

American

Sagittarius

Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II

18 May 1920

02 April 2005

Wadowice

Polish

Taurus

B. F. SkinnerB. F. Skinner

20 March 1904

18 August 1990

Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, United States

American

Pisces

Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault

15 October 1926

25 June 1984

Poitiers

French

Libra

Albert CamusAlbert Camus

07 November 1913

04 January 1960

Dréan

Algerian,French

Scorpio

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping

22 August 1904

19 February 1997

Guang'an, Sichuan

Chinese

Leo

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre

21 June 1905

15 April 1980

Paris

French

Gemini

Milton FriedmanMilton Friedman

31 July 1912

16 November 2006

Brooklyn, New York, USA

American

Leo

Abraham MaslowAbraham Maslow

01 April 1908

08 June 1970

Brooklyn

American

Aries

John DeweyJohn Dewey

20 October 1859

01 June 1952

Burlington, Vermont, United States

American

Libra

Amartya SenAmartya Sen

03 November 1933

Santiniketan

Indian

Scorpio

Alan WattsAlan Watts

06 January 1915

16 November 1973

Chislehurst, Kent, England

British,American

Capricorn

Jane GoodallJane Goodall

03 April 1934

London

British

Aries

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt

14 October 1906

04 December 1975

Hanover, Germany

German

Libra

Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan

03 February 1963

Bhopal

Indian

Aquarius

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir

09 January 1908

14 April 1986

Paris

French

Capricorn

Erik EriksonErik Erikson

15 June 1902

12 May 1994

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

German,British

Gemini

Alan GreenspanAlan Greenspan

06 March 1926

New York City

American

Pisces

Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff

29 November 1942

Vienna, Austria

German

Sagittarius

Karl PopperKarl Popper

28 July 1902

17 September 1994

Vienna

British

Leo

Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh

26 September 1932

Gah

Indian

Libra

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida

15 July 1930

09 October 2004

El Biar, French Algeria

Algerian,French

Cancer

Peter DruckerPeter Drucker

19 November 1909

11 November 2005

Vienna, Austria

American

Scorpio

Peter SingerPeter Singer

06 July 1946

Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Australian

Cancer

Albert BanduraAlbert Bandura

04 December 1925

Mundare

Canadian,American

Sagittarius

David KahnemanDaniel Kahneman

05 March 1934

Tel Aviv, Israel

Israeli,American

Pisces

Carl RogersCarl Rogers

08 January 1902

04 February 1987

Oak Park

American

Capricorn

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco

05 January 1932

19 February 2016

Alessandria, Italy

Italian

Capricorn

Terence McKennaTerence McKenna

16 November 1946

03 April 2000

Paonia, Colorado, United States

American

Scorpio

John RawlsJohn Rawls

21 February 1921

24 November 2002

Baltimore

American

Pisces

Margaret MeadMargaret Mead

16 December 1901

15 November 1978

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US

American

Sagittarius

Roland BarthesRoland Barthes

12 November 1915

25 March 1980

Cherbourg-Octeville

French

Scorpio

Muhammad YunusMuhammad Yunus

28 June 1940

Chittagong

Bangladeshi

Cancer

Camille PagliaCamille Paglia

02 April 1947

Endicott

American

Aries

Randy PauschRandy Pausch

23 October 1960

25 July 2008

Baltimore, Maryland, United States

American

Libra

Kurt GödelKurt Gödel

28 April 1906

14 January 1978

Brno

American

Taurus

Daniel DennettDaniel Dennett

28 March 1942

Boston, Massachusetts

American

Aries

Enoch PowellEnoch Powell

16 June 1912

08 February 1998

Birmingham

British

Gemini

Mario Vargas LlosaMario Vargas Llosa

28 March 1936

Arequipa

Peruvian

Aries

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer

14 January 1875

04 September 1965

Kaysersberg

French

Capricorn

Paulo FreirePaulo Freire

19 September 1921

02 May 1997

Recife, Brazil

Brazilian

Virgo

David McCulloughDavid McCullough

07 July 1933

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.

American

Cancer

Michael PorterMichael Porter

23 May 1947

Ann Arbor

American

Gemini

David SuzukiDavid Suzuki

24 March 1936

Vancouver

Canadian

Aries

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana

16 December 1863

26 September 1952

Madrid

Spanish,American

Sagittarius

Samuel P. HuntingtonSamuel P. Huntington

18 April 1927

24 December 2008

New York City

American

Aries

Carlos CastanedaCarlos Castaneda

25 December 1925

27 April 1998

Cajamarca, Peru

American

Capricorn

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton

20 December 1969

Zürich, Switzerland

Swiss,British

Sagittarius

Larry SangerLarry Sanger

16 July 1968

Bellevue

American

Cancer

Albert EllisAlbert Ellis

27 September 1913

24 July 2007

Pittsburgh

American

Libra

Ronald CoaseRonald Coase

29 December 1910

02 September 2013

Willesden, London, United Kingdom

British

Capricorn

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin

09 December 1842

08 February 1921

Moscow, Russian Empire

Russian

Sagittarius

Murray RothbardMurray Rothbard

02 March 1926

07 January 1995

Bronx, New York, United States

American

Pisces

John Kenneth GalbraithJohn Kenneth Galbraith

15 October 1908

29 April 2006

Iona Station

Canadian

Libra

Benjamin GrahamBenjamin Graham

09 May 1894

21 September 1976

London, United Kingdom

American

Taurus

Paul SamuelsonPaul Samuelson

15 May 1915

13 December 2009

Gary

American

Taurus

Gary BeckerGary Becker

02 December 1930

03 May 2014

Pottsville, Pennsylvania, United States

American

Sagittarius

David HarveyDavid Harvey

31 October 1935

Gillingham, Kent, England

British

Scorpio

Simone WeilSimone Weil

03 February 1909

24 August 1943

Paris

French

Aquarius

Paul FarmerPaul Farmer

26 October 1959

North Adams, Massachusetts

American

Scorpio

Ken WilberKen Wilber

31 January 1949

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States

American

Aquarius

Douglass NorthDouglass North

05 November 1920

23 November 2015

Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

American

Scorpio

Harry Max MarkowitzHarry Markowitz

24 August 1927

Chicago, Illinois, USA

American

Virgo

Louis LeakeyLouis Leakey

07 August 1903

01 October 1972

Kabete

Kenyan,British

Leo

Edward de BonoEdward de Bono

19 May 1933

Malta

Maltese,British

Taurus

Kenneth ArrowKenneth Arrow

23 August 1921

New York City, USA

American

Leo

Robert SolowRobert Solow

23 August 1924

Brooklyn, New York

American

Leo

Simon KuznetsSimon Kuznets

30 April 1901

08 July 1985

Pinsk

American

Taurus

Arthur M SchlesingerArthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.

15 October 1917

28 February 2007

Columbus

American

Libra

Myron ScholesMyron Scholes

01 July 1941

Timmins, Ontario, Canada

Canadian,American

Cancer

Allan BloomAllan Bloom

14 September 1930

07 October 1992

Indianapolis

American

Virgo

Imre LakatosImre Lakatos

09 November 1922

02 February 1974

Debrecen

Hungarian

Scorpio

Francis SchaefferFrancis Schaeffer

30 January 1912

15 May 1984

Philadelphia

American

Aquarius

Robert M. PirsigRobert M. Pirsig

06 September 1928

Minneapolis

American

Virgo

Abraham Joshua HeschelAbraham Joshua Heschel

11 January 1907

23 December 1972

Warsaw

Polish

Capricorn

Robert FogelRobert Fogel

01 July 1926

11 June 2013

New York City, New York, United States

American

Cancer

James TobinJames Tobin

05 March 1918

11 March 2002

Champaign

American

Pisces

Richard ThalerRichard Thaler

12 September 1945

East Orange, New Jersey, United States

American

Virgo

Franco ModiglianiFranco Modigliani

10 June 1918

25 September 2003

Rome

Italian

Gemini

Wassily LeontiefWassily Leontief

05 August 1906

05 February 1999

Munich, Germany

American,Russian

Leo

Robert MundellRobert Mundell

24 October 1932

Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Canadian

Scorpio

William GlasserWilliam Glasser

11 May 1925

23 August 2013

Cleveland

American

Taurus

William Forsyth SharpeWilliam F. Sharpe

16 June 1934

Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.

American

Gemini

Joseph E. StiglitzJoseph E. Stiglitz

09 February 1943

Gary

American

Aquarius

William VickreyWilliam Vickrey

21 June 1914

11 October 1996

Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

American

Gemini

Paul Simon Paul Simon (Politician)

29 November 1928

09 December 2003

Eugene

American

Sagittarius

Alva MyrdalAlva Myrdal

31 January 1902

01 February 1986

Uppsala

Swedish

Aquarius

Leonid KantorovichLeonid Kantorovich

19 January 1912

07 April 1986

Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire

Soviet Russian,Russian

Capricorn

Jan TinbergenJan Tinbergen

12 April 1903

09 June 1994

The Hague, Netherlands

Dutch

Aries

Abdolkarim SoroushAbdolkarim Soroush

16 December 1945

Tehran

Iranian

Sagittarius

Dallas WillardDallas Willard

04 September 1935

08 May 2013

Buffalo, Missouri, U.S.

American

Virgo

Sir James A. MirrleesJames Mirrlees

05 July 1936

Minnigaff, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland

British

Cancer

Herbert SimonHerbert Simon

15 June 1916

09 February 2001

Milwaukee

American

Gemini

Bob BlackBob Black

04 January 1951

Detroit, Michigan

American

Capricorn

Alan DundesAlan Dundes

08 September 1934

30 March 2005

New York City

American

Virgo

James MeadeJames Meade

23 June 1907

22 December 1995

Swanage, United Kingdom

British

Cancer

Theodore William Schultz Theodore Schultz

30 April 1902

26 February 1998

Arlington, South Dakota, United States

American

Taurus

Daniel Little McFaddenDaniel McFadden

29 July 1937

Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.

American

Leo

Gerard DebreuGerard Debreu

04 July 1921

31 December 2004

Calais

French,American

Cancer

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