What is an emotion? Is love just a feeling? Are our emotions irrational? What is life? Is it better to have choices? Does God actually exist? If yes, then why is there so much evil? Are you propounded by such philosophical questions in your mind? If yes, then your mind and heart surely takes a philosophical route whenever free. Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. First termed by Pythagoras, philosophy encompasses a huge body of knowledge. From the time of Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle to the 19th century ‘natural philosophy’, there has been a phenomenal growth in the subject. In the 20th century, philosophy increasingly became professionalized as the period witnessed the development of a number of new philosophical schools including logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and post-structuralism. Interestingly, the philosophy of the 20th century is known as contemporary philosophy. The era saw some of greatest minds at work in the field of philosophy starting from Bertrand Russell, Gilbert Ryle, Alfred Tarski, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Leo Strauss, Ernst Cassirer, José Juan González, John Dewey and so on. With this segment, explore some of the famous philosophers of the 20th century.
Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
22 April 1870, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union
Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky
07 December 1928, American
Linguist

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar
28 May 1883, Indian
Independence Activist, Reformer

Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II
18 May 1920, Polish
The 264th Pope (Bishop of Rome)

Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933, Indian
Economist & Philosopher

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915, British, American
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker
Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault
15 October 1926, French
French philosopher

Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913, Algerian, French
Philosopher

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
22 August 1904, Chinese
 

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre
21 June 1905, French
Philosopher
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist

Sam HarrisSam Harris
09 April 1967, American
Philosopher, Author
John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American
Philosopher

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
14 October 1906, German
Philosopher

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908, French
Writer
Terence McKennaTerence McKenna
16 November 1946, American
Philosopher, Psychonaut, Ethnobotanist, Author

Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902, British
Philosopher
Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891, Italian
Politician, Philosopher

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida
15 July 1930, Algerian, French
Philosopher

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932, Italian
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher
John RawlsJohn Rawls
21 February 1921, American
American Philosopher

Marshall McLuhanMarshall McLuhan
21 July 1911, Canadian
Philosopher
Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi
30 December 1879, Indian
Philosopher

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
14 January 1875, French
Philosopher, Theologian

Kurt GödelKurt Gödel
28 April 1906, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

Theodor W. AdornoTheodor W. Adorno
11 September 1903, German
Philosopher
Peter SingerPeter Singer
06 July 1946, Australian
Philosopher
Paulo FreirePaulo Freire
19 September 1921, Brazilian
Educator and Philosopher

Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
12 November 1915, French
French Literary Theorist & Philosopher

Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898, Italian
Philosopher

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist
Daniel DennettDaniel Dennett
28 March 1942, American
 

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Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969, Swiss, British
Author

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

Christina Hoff SommersChristina Hoff Sommers
28 September 1950, American
Author, Philosopher

Murray RothbardMurray Rothbard
02 March 1926, American
Economist
Pierre Teilhard de ChardinPierre Teilhard de Chardin
01 May 1881, French
Philosopher

René GirardRené Girard
25 December 1923, French
Philosopher
Martin SeligmanMartin Seligman
12 August 1942, American
Psychologist

Ken WilberKen Wilber
31 January 1949, American
Writer, Philosopher

Robert M. PirsigRobert M. Pirsig
06 September 1928, American
Writer, Philosopher
Allan BloomAllan Bloom
14 September 1930, American
Philosopher

Francis SchaefferFrancis Schaeffer
30 January 1912, American
Theologian, Philosopher
Imre LakatosImre Lakatos
09 November 1922, Hungarian
Philosopher

Abraham Joshua HeschelAbraham Joshua Heschel
11 January 1907, Polish
Rabbi

Dallas WillardDallas Willard
04 September 1935, American
 

Abdolkarim SoroushAbdolkarim Soroush
16 December 1945, Iranian
Thinker and Reformer

Bob BlackBob Black
04 January 1951, American
American author
L Ron HubbardL Ron Hubbard
13 March 1911, American
Founder of Church of Scientology

RajneeshRajneesh
11 December 1931, Indian
Teacher, Writer, Autobiographer, Guru

Michel AflaqMichel Aflaq
09 January 1910, Syrian
politician, writer, sociologist, philosopher

Judith ButlerJudith Butler
24 February 1956, American
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,
Stefan MolyneuxStefan Molyneux
24 September 1966, Canadian
Philosopher, Writer, Novelist, Podcaster, YouTuber

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
05 March 1922, Italian
Film director, Writer, Actor, Poet, Screenwriter,
James RandiJames Randi
07 August 1928, American
Philosopher, Stage magician

Cornel WestCornel West
02 June 1953, American
Theologian, Philosopher, University teacher,

Pierre BourdieuPierre Bourdieu
01 August 1930, French
Philosopher, Sociologist, Anthropologist,
Jürgen HabermasJürgen Habermas
18 June 1929, German
Sociologist, Philosopher, University teacher

Gilles DeleuzeGilles Deleuze
18 January 1925, French
Philosopher, Historian, Writer, University
Jean BaudrillardJean Baudrillard
27 July 1929, French
Philosopher, photographer,Sociologist, Professor

Nick BostromNick Bostrom
10 March 1973, Swedish
Philosopher, University teacher, Computer

Roger PenroseRoger Penrose
08 August 1931, British
Mathematician, Physicist, Writer, Philosopher,
Murray BookchinMurray Bookchin
14 January 1921, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher, University

Martha NussbaumMartha Nussbaum
06 May 1947, American
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher
Erich FrommErich Fromm
23 March 1900, German
Psychologist, Philosopher, University teacher,

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888, German
Jurist, Geopolitician, Politician, Philosopher,

Roger ScrutonRoger Scruton
17 February 1944, British
philosopher, political scientist, writer,

Louis AlthusserLouis Althusser
16 October 1918, French
Philosopher, Politician, University teacher
Robert NozickRobert Nozick
16 November 1938, American
Philosopher, University teacher
Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952, Indian
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher

Michael IgnatieffMichael Ignatieff
12 May 1947, Canadian
Journalist, Historian, Politician, Novelist,

Iris MurdochIris Murdoch
15 July 1919, Irish
Poet, Philosopher, Novelist, Writer, Biographer

Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille
10 September 1897, French
Philosopher, Librarian, Poet, Novelist, Writer,
Gayatri Chakravorty SpivakGayatri Chakravorty Spivak
24 February 1942, Indian
Writer, Philosopher, University teacher,

Emil CioranEmil Cioran
08 April 1911, French, Romanian
Philosopher, Writer, Diarist, Aphorist

Isaiah BerlinIsaiah Berlin
06 June 1909, Latvian, British
Philosopher, Historian, University teacher,

Chinmayananda SaraswatiChinmayananda Saraswati
08 May 1916, Indian
Philosopher

John SearleJohn Searle
31 July 1932, American
Philosopher, University teacher
William Lane CraigWilliam Lane Craig
23 August 1949, American
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher,

Richard RortyRichard Rorty
04 October 1931, American
Philosopher, Educationist, University teacher,
Douglas HofstadterDouglas Hofstadter
15 February 1945, American
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Computer

Willard Van Orman QuineWillard Van Orman Quine
25 June 1908, American
Mathematician, Analytic philosopher, Philosopher

Peter AbelardPeter Abelard
1079 AD, French
Theologian, Philosopher, Composer, Linguist, Poet,
Maurice Merleau-PontyMaurice Merleau-Ponty
14 March 1908, French
Philosopher, Professor

Giorgio AgambenGiorgio Agamben
22 April 1942, Italian
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Poet
Guy DebordGuy Debord
28 December 1931, French
Film maker, Artist, Philosopher, Film director,

R. C. SproulR. C. Sproul
13 February 1939, American
Theologian, Philosopher, Non-fiction writer,

Robert Anton WilsonRobert Anton Wilson
18 January 1932, American
Writer, Novelist, Philosopher, Essayist,

Savitri DeviSavitri Devi
30 September 1905, French
Writer, Poet
Thomas NagelThomas Nagel
04 July 1937, American
Philosopher, University teacher, Writer

Ronald DworkinRonald Dworkin
11 December 1931, American
Lawyer, Philosopher, University teacher
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
17 November 1895, Russian
Philosopher, Linguist, Writer, Literary critic

Tariq RamadanTariq Ramadan
26 August 1962, Swiss
Writer, Faculty, University teacher
Bruno LatourBruno Latour
22 June 1947, French
Philosopher, Anthropologist, Sociologist,

Norman GeislerNorman Geisler
21 July 1932, American
 
Julia KristevaJulia Kristeva
24 June 1941, Bulgarian, French
Philosopher, Writer, Feminist