What is an emotion? Is love just a feeling? Are our emotions irrational? What is life? Is it better to have choices? Does God actually exist? If yes, then why is there so much evil? Are you propounded by such philosophical questions in your mind? If yes, then your mind and heart surely takes a philosophical route whenever free. Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. First termed by Pythagoras, philosophy encompasses a huge body of knowledge. From the time of Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle to the 19th century ‘natural philosophy’, there has been a phenomenal growth in the subject. In the 20th century, philosophy increasingly became professionalized as the period witnessed the development of a number of new philosophical schools including logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and post-structuralism. Interestingly, the philosophy of the 20th century is known as contemporary philosophy. The era saw some of greatest minds at work in the field of philosophy starting from Bertrand Russell, Gilbert Ryle, Alfred Tarski, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Leo Strauss, Ernst Cassirer, José Juan González, John Dewey and so on. With this segment, explore some of the famous philosophers of the 20th century.
Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky
07 December 1928, American
Linguist
Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II
18 May 1920, Polish
The 264th Pope (Bishop of Rome)

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915, British, American
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault
15 October 1926, French
French philosopher

Sam HarrisSam Harris
09 April 1967, American
Philosopher, Author

Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913, Algerian, French
Philosopher
Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
22 August 1904, Chinese
 

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre
21 June 1905, French
Philosopher

Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933, Indian
Economist & Philosopher

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
14 October 1906, German
Philosopher

Terence McKennaTerence McKenna
16 November 1946, American
Philosopher, Psychonaut, Ethnobotanist, Author
John DeweyJohn Dewey
20 October 1859, American
Philosopher

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908, French
Writer

Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902, British
Philosopher
Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida
15 July 1930, Algerian, French
Philosopher

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932, Italian
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher
Marshall McLuhanMarshall McLuhan
21 July 1911, Canadian
Philosopher

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
14 January 1875, French
Philosopher, Theologian

Kurt GödelKurt Gödel
28 April 1906, American
Mathematician, Philosopher
John RawlsJohn Rawls
21 February 1921, American
American Philosopher

Peter SingerPeter Singer
06 July 1946, Australian
Philosopher
Theodor W. AdornoTheodor W. Adorno
11 September 1903, German
Philosopher

Daniel DennettDaniel Dennett
28 March 1942, American
 

Paulo FreirePaulo Freire
19 September 1921, Brazilian
Educator and Philosopher

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
09 December 1842, Russian
Philosopher & Activist
George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863, Spanish, Italian
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist
Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969, Swiss, British
Author

Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
12 November 1915, French
French Literary Theorist & Philosopher

Christina Hoff SommersChristina Hoff Sommers
28 September 1950, American
Author, Philosopher

Murray RothbardMurray Rothbard
02 March 1926, American
Economist
René GirardRené Girard
25 December 1923, French
Philosopher

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Ken WilberKen Wilber
31 January 1949, American
Writer, Philosopher

Martin SeligmanMartin Seligman
12 August 1942, American
Psychologist

Robert M. PirsigRobert M. Pirsig
06 September 1928, American
Writer, Philosopher

Francis SchaefferFrancis Schaeffer
30 January 1912, American
Theologian, Philosopher
Allan BloomAllan Bloom
14 September 1930, American
Philosopher

Imre LakatosImre Lakatos
09 November 1922, Hungarian
Philosopher
Abraham Joshua HeschelAbraham Joshua Heschel
11 January 1907, Polish
Rabbi

Dallas WillardDallas Willard
04 September 1935, American
 

Bob BlackBob Black
04 January 1951, American
American author
Abdolkarim SoroushAbdolkarim Soroush
16 December 1945, Iranian
Thinker and Reformer

L Ron HubbardL Ron Hubbard
13 March 1911, American
Founder of Church of Scientology
RajneeshRajneesh
11 December 1931, Indian
Teacher, Writer, Autobiographer, Guru

Cornel WestCornel West
02 June 1953, American
Theologian, Philosopher, University teacher,

Stefan MolyneuxStefan Molyneux
24 September 1966, Canadian
Philosopher, Writer, Novelist, Podcaster, YouTuber

James RandiJames Randi
07 August 1928, American
Philosopher, Stage magician

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891, Italian
Italian Politician
Bruno LatourBruno Latour
22 June 1947, French
Philosopher, Anthropologist, Sociologist,

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
05 March 1922, Italian
Film director, Writer, Actor, Poet, Screenwriter,

Judith ButlerJudith Butler
24 February 1956, American
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,

Michel AflaqMichel Aflaq
09 January 1910, Syrian
politician, writer, sociologist, philosopher
Nick BostromNick Bostrom
10 March 1973, Swedish
Philosopher, University teacher, Computer

Gilles DeleuzeGilles Deleuze
18 January 1925, French
Philosopher, Historian, Writer, University
Roger PenroseRoger Penrose
08 August 1931, British
Mathematician, Physicist, Writer, Philosopher,

Jürgen HabermasJürgen Habermas
18 June 1929, German
Sociologist, Philosopher, University teacher

Jean BaudrillardJean Baudrillard
27 July 1929, French
Philosopher, photographer,Sociologist, Professor
Pierre BourdieuPierre Bourdieu
01 August 1930, French
Philosopher, Sociologist, Anthropologist,

Iris MurdochIris Murdoch
15 July 1919, Irish
Poet, Philosopher, Novelist, Writer, Biographer
Erich FrommErich Fromm
23 March 1900, German
Psychologist, Philosopher, University teacher,

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888, German
Jurist, Geopolitician, Politician, Philosopher,

Roger ScrutonRoger Scruton
17 February 1944, British
philosopher, political scientist, writer,
Martha NussbaumMartha Nussbaum
06 May 1947, American
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher

Louis AlthusserLouis Althusser
16 October 1918, French
Philosopher, Politician, University teacher
Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952, Indian
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher

Murray BookchinMurray Bookchin
14 January 1921, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher, University

Maurice Merleau-PontyMaurice Merleau-Ponty
14 March 1908, French
Philosopher, Professor

Chinmayananda SaraswatiChinmayananda Saraswati
08 May 1916, Indian
Philosopher
William Lane CraigWilliam Lane Craig
23 August 1949, American
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher,
Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille
10 September 1897, French
Philosopher, Librarian, Poet, Novelist, Writer,

Isaiah BerlinIsaiah Berlin
06 June 1909, Latvian, British
Philosopher, Historian, University teacher,

Emil CioranEmil Cioran
08 April 1911, French, Romanian
Philosopher, Writer, Diarist, Aphorist

John SearleJohn Searle
31 July 1932, American
Philosopher, University teacher
Ahmed DeedatAhmed Deedat
01 July 1918, Indian
Philosopher, Writer

Douglas HofstadterDouglas Hofstadter
15 February 1945, American
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Computer

Robert NozickRobert Nozick
16 November 1938, American
Philosopher, University teacher

R. C. SproulR. C. Sproul
13 February 1939, American
Theologian, Philosopher, Non-fiction writer,

Robert Anton WilsonRobert Anton Wilson
18 January 1932, American
Writer, Novelist, Philosopher, Essayist,
Willard Van Orman QuineWillard Van Orman Quine
25 June 1908, American
Mathematician, Analytic philosopher, Philosopher

Norman GeislerNorman Geisler
21 July 1932, American
 
Guy DebordGuy Debord
28 December 1931, French
Film maker, Artist, Philosopher, Film director,

Israr AhmedIsrar Ahmed
26 April 1932, Pakistani
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher

Tariq RamadanTariq Ramadan
26 August 1962, Swiss
Writer, Faculty, University teacher
Richard RortyRichard Rorty
04 October 1931, American
Philosopher, Educationist, University teacher,

Gregory BatesonGregory Bateson
09 May 1904, British, American
Anthropologist, Philosopher, Sociologist,
Thomas NagelThomas Nagel
04 July 1937, American
Philosopher, University teacher, Writer

Gayatri Chakravorty SpivakGayatri Chakravorty Spivak
24 February 1942, Indian
Writer, Philosopher, University teacher,

Mohammad KhatamiMohammad Khatami
29 September 1943, Iranian
Philosopher, Politician, Librarian, Writer

Gilbert RyleGilbert Ryle
19 August 1900, British
Philosopher
Hilary PutnamHilary Putnam
31 July 1926, American
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher,

Giorgio AgambenGiorgio Agamben
22 April 1942, Italian
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Poet
Michel SerresMichel Serres
01 September 1930, French
Philosopher, Writer

Kwame Anthony AppiahKwame Anthony Appiah
08 May 1954, American
Philosopher, Professor
Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin
17 November 1895, Russian
Philosopher, Linguist, Writer, Literary critic

Hans-Hermann HoppeHans-Hermann Hoppe
02 September 1949, German
Economist, Philosopher, Academic, University
Alasdair MacIntyreAlasdair MacIntyre
12 January 1929, British, American
Philosopher, Professor