Economy plays a vital role in our society. From the prices of commodities and services to the normal functioning of a household and a country, it is the economy that controls our life and living predominantly as an external force. Though there have been greatest of economists who contributed comprehensively through their research, analysis and documentation, 20th century saw a surge in the number greatly. British economist, William Arthur Lewis was the first to explore the problems of the developing world in the post-war era through his theory of economic growth. US economist, James Buchanan was one of the famed and celebrated economists of the century who is best remembered as the founder of ‘public choice theory’. And while talking of greatest economists of the 20th century, US economist, Milton Friedman definitely deserves top mention. He was best known for his advocacy of monetarism, the control of aggregate demand solely by control of the money supply and his unflinching support of the market in virtually all areas of economic life. US economist, Kenneth Arrow developed the first rigorous proof of the existence of general equilibrium in a capitalist economy. And there are many others including, Irving Fisher, John Richard Hicks, Amartya Sen, Douglass North, Robert Merton, and so on. Discover some amazing life facts and career graph of the famous economists of the 20th century.
Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India
Milton FriedmanMilton Friedman
31 July 1912, American
Economist, Statistician

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German

Alan GreenspanAlan Greenspan
06 March 1926, American
American economist

Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933, Indian
Economist & Philosopher

Peter NavarroPeter Navarro
15 July 1949, American
Ben BernankeBen Bernanke
13 December 1953, American

António de Oliveira SalazarAntónio de Oliveira Salazar
28 April 1889, Portuguese
Former Acting President of Portugal

David KahnemanDaniel Kahneman
05 March 1934, Israeli, American
American-Israeli psychologist
Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan
03 February 1963, Indian

Joseph E. StiglitzJoseph E. Stiglitz
09 February 1943, American
Economist & Author
Abhijit BanerjeeAbhijit Banerjee
21 February 1961, Indian, American

Carlos Salinas de GortariCarlos Salinas de Gortari
03 April 1948, Mexican

Jeffrey SachsJeffrey Sachs
05 November 1954, American

Kristalina GeorgievaKristalina Georgieva
13 August 1953, Bulgarian
Managing Director of the IMF

Joseph SchumpeterJoseph Schumpeter
08 February 1883, Austrian, Czech
Simone WeilSimone Weil
03 February 1909, French
Philosopher, mystic and social activist

Muhammad YunusMuhammad Yunus
28 June 1940, Bangladeshi

Esther DufloEsther Duflo
25 October 1972, French, American
American-French Economist

Benjamin GrahamBenjamin Graham
09 May 1894, American
Economist, Investor
Paul VolckerPaul Volcker
05 September 1927, American
Former Chair of the Federal Reserve

Peter R. OrszagPeter R. Orszag
16 December 1968, American
Economist, Banker
Hjalmar SchachtHjalmar Schacht
22 January 1877, German, Danish

Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff
29 November 1942, German

John Kenneth GalbraithJohn Kenneth Galbraith
15 October 1908, Canadian
Richard ThalerRichard Thaler
12 September 1945, American
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics (2017)

Michael PorterMichael Porter
23 May 1947, American
Economist, Researcher, Author, Advisor, Speaker
Herbert SimonHerbert Simon
15 June 1916, American
Economist, Political scientist, sociologist,

Paul SamuelsonPaul Samuelson
15 May 1915, American

Thorstein VeblenThorstein Veblen
30 July 1857, American
Luis Donaldo ColosioLuis Donaldo Colosio
10 February 1950, Mexican

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Robert SolowRobert Solow
23 August 1924, American
Gary BeckerGary Becker
02 December 1930, American

Kenneth ArrowKenneth Arrow
23 August 1921, American
Economist & Political Theorist

Simon KuznetsSimon Kuznets
30 April 1901, American

Harry Max MarkowitzHarry Markowitz
24 August 1927, American
Ronald CoaseRonald Coase
29 December 1910, British
George Joseph StiglerGeorge Joseph Stigler
17 January 1911, American

Myron ScholesMyron Scholes
01 July 1941, Canadian, American

Daniel Little McFaddenDaniel McFadden
29 July 1937, American

Wassily LeontiefWassily Leontief
05 August 1906, Russian, American, Russian
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics
John HicksJohn R Hicks
08 April 1904, British

James TobinJames Tobin
05 March 1918, American

William Forsyth SharpeWilliam F. Sharpe
16 June 1934, American

Douglass NorthDouglass North
05 November 1920, American

Robert Lucas Jr.Robert Lucas Jr.
15 September 1937, American
Theodore William Schultz Theodore Schultz
30 April 1902, American

Franco ModiglianiFranco Modigliani
10 June 1918, Italian
Gary CohnGary Cohn
27 August 1960, American
Investment Banker

Leonid KantorovichLeonid Kantorovich
19 January 1912, Russian, Russian

John HarsanyiJohn Harsanyi
29 May 1920, Hungarian, American
Robert MundellRobert Mundell
24 October 1932, Canadian

Robert FogelRobert Fogel
01 July 1926, American
Jan TinbergenJan Tinbergen
12 April 1903, Dutch
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

William VickreyWilliam Vickrey
21 June 1914, American
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

Sir James A. MirrleesJames Mirrlees
05 July 1936, British

Merton H. MillerMerton H. Miller
16 May 1923, American

Reinhard SeltenReinhard Selten
05 October 1930, Polish
Lawrence R. KleinLawrence Klein
14 September 1920, American

James MeadeJames Meade
23 June 1907, British

Tjalling C. KoopmansTjalling C. Koopmans
28 August 1910, Dutch, American

Maurice AllaisMaurice Allais
31 May 1911, French
Gerard DebreuGerard Debreu
04 July 1921, French, American

Sir Clive William John GrangerSir Clive William John Granger
04 September 1934, British
Richard StoneRichard Stone
30 August 1913, British

Trygve HaavelmoTrygve Haavelmo
13 December 1911, Norwegian

Roy HarrodRoy Harrod
13 February 1900, British
Sir Arthur LewisSir Arthur Lewis
23 January 1915, Saint Lucian

Janet YellenJanet Yellen
13 August 1946, American
Dominique Strauss-KahnDominique Strauss-Kahn
25 April 1949, French
Economist, Politician, Lawyer, University teacher

Benoit MandelbrotBenoit Mandelbrot
20 November 1924, French, Polish, American
Mathematician, Economist, Professor, Scientist,

John Forbes Nash, Jr.John Forbes Nash, Jr.
13 June 1928, American
Klaus SchwabKlaus Schwab
30 March 1938, German
Economist, Educationist, University teacher

Robert ReichRobert Reich
24 June 1946, American
Eric WeinsteinEric Weinstein
26 October 1965, American

Ngozi Okonjo-IwealaNgozi Okonjo-Iweala
13 June 1954, Nigerian
Diplomat, Economist

George AkerlofGeorge Akerlof
17 June 1940, American

Subramanian SwamySubramanian Swamy
15 September 1939, Indian
Economist, Politician, Author
Paul KrugmanPaul Krugman
28 February 1953, American
Columnist, Economist, Essayist, Blogger,
Christine LagardeChristine Lagarde
01 January 1956, French
Economist, Lawyer, Diplomat, Politician,

Scott AdamsScott Adams
08 June 1957, American
Comics artist, Economist, Journalist

Lawrence SummersLawrence Summers
30 November 1954, American

Niall FergusonNiall Ferguson
18 April 1964, British
Writer, Economic historian, Historian, University
Francis FukuyamaFrancis Fukuyama
27 October 1952, American
Writer, Political scientist, Blogger, Economist

Queen Máxima of the NetherlandsQueen Máxima of the Netherlands
17 May 1971, Argentinian, Dutch

Yanis VaroufakisYanis Varoufakis
24 March 1961, Australian, Greek
Economist, Politician, Professor, Non-fiction

Joseph StiglitzJoseph Stiglitz
09 February 1943, American
Economist, University teacher, Science writer,

Thabo MbekiThabo Mbeki
18 June 1942, South African
Politician, Economist
William Lyon Mackenzie KingWilliam Lyon Mackenzie King
17 December 1874, Canadian
Former Prime Minister of Canada

Li KeqiangLi Keqiang
01 July 1955
Politician, Economist
Thomas PikettyThomas Piketty
07 May 1971, French
Economist, University teacher

Joseph A. SchumpeterJoseph A. Schumpeter
08 February 1883, Austrian, American
Pierluigi CollinaPierluigi Collina
13 February 1960, Italian
Association football referee, Writer, Economist
George OsborneGeorge Osborne
23 May 1971, British
Politician, Economist