Economy plays a vital role in our society. From the prices of commodities and services to the normal functioning of a household and a country, it is the economy that controls our life and living predominantly as an external force. Though there have been greatest of economists who contributed comprehensively through their research, analysis and documentation, 20th century saw a surge in the number greatly. British economist, William Arthur Lewis was the first to explore the problems of the developing world in the post-war era through his theory of economic growth. US economist, James Buchanan was one of the famed and celebrated economists of the century who is best remembered as the founder of ‘public choice theory’. And while talking of greatest economists of the 20th century, US economist, Milton Friedman definitely deserves top mention. He was best known for his advocacy of monetarism, the control of aggregate demand solely by control of the money supply and his unflinching support of the market in virtually all areas of economic life. US economist, Kenneth Arrow developed the first rigorous proof of the existence of general equilibrium in a capitalist economy. And there are many others including, Irving Fisher, John Richard Hicks, Amartya Sen, Douglass North, Robert Merton, and so on. Discover some amazing life facts and career graph of the famous economists of the 20th century.
Manmohan SinghManmohan Singh
26 September 1932, Indian
Former Prime Minister of India
Milton FriedmanMilton Friedman
31 July 1912, American
Economist, Statistician

Amartya SenAmartya Sen
03 November 1933, Indian
Economist & Philosopher

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German

David KahnemanDaniel Kahneman
05 March 1934, Israeli, American
American-Israeli psychologist

Raghuram RajanRaghuram Rajan
03 February 1963, Indian
António de Oliveira SalazarAntónio de Oliveira Salazar
28 April 1889, Portuguese
Former Acting President of Portugal

Alan GreenspanAlan Greenspan
06 March 1926, American
American economist

Ben BernankeBen Bernanke
13 December 1953, American
Abhijit BanerjeeAbhijit Banerjee
21 February 1961, Indian, American

Simone WeilSimone Weil
03 February 1909, French
Philosopher, mystic and social activist
Carlos Salinas de GortariCarlos Salinas de Gortari
03 April 1948, Mexican

Muhammad YunusMuhammad Yunus
28 June 1940, Bangladeshi

Benjamin GrahamBenjamin Graham
09 May 1894, American
Economist, Investor

Murray RothbardMurray Rothbard
02 March 1926, American

Jeffrey SachsJeffrey Sachs
05 November 1954, American
Joseph SchumpeterJoseph Schumpeter
08 February 1883, Austrian, Czech

Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff
29 November 1942, German

Joseph E. StiglitzJoseph E. Stiglitz
09 February 1943, American
Economist & Author

Hjalmar SchachtHjalmar Schacht
22 January 1877, German, Danish
Peter NavarroPeter Navarro
15 July 1949, American

Kristalina GeorgievaKristalina Georgieva
13 August 1953, Bulgarian
Managing Director of the IMF
Paul VolckerPaul Volcker
05 September 1927, American
Former Chair of the Federal Reserve

Esther DufloEsther Duflo
25 October 1972, French, American
American-French Economist

John Kenneth GalbraithJohn Kenneth Galbraith
15 October 1908, Canadian
Michael PorterMichael Porter
23 May 1947, American
Economist, Researcher, Author, Advisor, Speaker

Robert MundellRobert Mundell
24 October 1932, Canadian
Herbert SimonHerbert Simon
15 June 1916, American
Economist, Political scientist, sociologist,

Paul SamuelsonPaul Samuelson
15 May 1915, American

Richard ThalerRichard Thaler
12 September 1945, American
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics (2017)
Thorstein VeblenThorstein Veblen
30 July 1857, American

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Luis Donaldo ColosioLuis Donaldo Colosio
10 February 1950, Mexican
Robert SolowRobert Solow
23 August 1924, American

Peter R. OrszagPeter R. Orszag
16 December 1968, American
Economist, Banker

Gary BeckerGary Becker
02 December 1930, American

Kenneth ArrowKenneth Arrow
23 August 1921, American
Economist & Political Theorist
Harry Max MarkowitzHarry Markowitz
24 August 1927, American
Simon KuznetsSimon Kuznets
30 April 1901, American

George Joseph StiglerGeorge Joseph Stigler
17 January 1911, American

Sir Arthur LewisSir Arthur Lewis
23 January 1915, Saint Lucian

Myron ScholesMyron Scholes
01 July 1941, Canadian, American
Ronald CoaseRonald Coase
29 December 1910, British

Gary CohnGary Cohn
27 August 1960, American
Investment Banker

James TobinJames Tobin
05 March 1918, American

Wassily LeontiefWassily Leontief
05 August 1906, American, Russian
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

William Forsyth SharpeWilliam F. Sharpe
16 June 1934, American
John HicksJohn R Hicks
08 April 1904, British

Franco ModiglianiFranco Modigliani
10 June 1918, Italian
Robert Lucas Jr.Robert Lucas Jr.
15 September 1937, American

Leonid KantorovichLeonid Kantorovich
19 January 1912, Russian

Douglass NorthDouglass North
05 November 1920, American
Jan TinbergenJan Tinbergen
12 April 1903, Dutch
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

John HarsanyiJohn Harsanyi
29 May 1920, Hungarian, American
Robert FogelRobert Fogel
01 July 1926, American

Sir James A. MirrleesJames Mirrlees
05 July 1936, British

Theodore William Schultz Theodore Schultz
30 April 1902, American

Merton H. MillerMerton H. Miller
16 May 1923, American

Daniel Little McFaddenDaniel McFadden
29 July 1937, American
Maurice AllaisMaurice Allais
31 May 1911, French

James MeadeJames Meade
23 June 1907, British

Sir Clive William John GrangerSir Clive William John Granger
04 September 1934, British

Tjalling C. KoopmansTjalling C. Koopmans
28 August 1910, Dutch, American
Reinhard SeltenReinhard Selten
05 October 1930, Polish

Lawrence R. KleinLawrence Klein
14 September 1920, American
William VickreyWilliam Vickrey
21 June 1914, American
Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

Gerard DebreuGerard Debreu
04 July 1921, French, American

Richard StoneRichard Stone
30 August 1913, British
Roy HarrodRoy Harrod
13 February 1900, British

Trygve HaavelmoTrygve Haavelmo
13 December 1911, Norwegian
Ngozi Okonjo-IwealaNgozi Okonjo-Iweala
13 June 1954, Nigerian
Diplomat, Economist

Mario DraghiMario Draghi
03 September 1947, Italian
Economist, Banker, University teacher

Janet YellenJanet Yellen
13 August 1946, American
Eric WeinsteinEric Weinstein
26 October 1965, American

Klaus SchwabKlaus Schwab
30 March 1938, German
Economist, Educationist, University teacher
Subramanian SwamySubramanian Swamy
15 September 1939, Indian
Economist, Politician, Author

Sepp BlatterSepp Blatter
10 March 1936, Swiss
Functionary, Economist

Niall FergusonNiall Ferguson
18 April 1964, British
Writer, Economic historian, Historian, University

Queen Máxima of the NetherlandsQueen Máxima of the Netherlands
17 May 1971, Argentinian, Dutch
Dominique Strauss-KahnDominique Strauss-Kahn
25 April 1949, French
Economist, Politician, Lawyer, University teacher
Jacques AttaliJacques Attali
01 November 1943, Algerian, French

Thabo MbekiThabo Mbeki
18 June 1942, South African
Politician, Economist

Robert ReichRobert Reich
24 June 1946, American

Paul KrugmanPaul Krugman
28 February 1953, American
Columnist, Economist, Essayist, Blogger,
Viktor YanukovychViktor Yanukovych
09 July 1950, Ukrainian
Politician, Engineer, Economist, Racecar driver

Pierluigi CollinaPierluigi Collina
13 February 1960, Italian
Association football referee, Writer, Economist

Lawrence SummersLawrence Summers
30 November 1954, American

George OsborneGeorge Osborne
23 May 1971, British
Politician, Economist

Jens StoltenbergJens Stoltenberg
16 March 1959, Norwegian
Economist, Politician
George P. ShultzGeorge P. Shultz
13 December 1920, American

Li KeqiangLi Keqiang
01 July 1955
Politician, Economist
Mark CarneyMark Carney
16 March 1965, Canadian, Irish, British

Sergey ShoyguSergey Shoygu
21 May 1955, Russian
Politician, Military personnel, Economist
Francis FukuyamaFrancis Fukuyama
27 October 1952, American
Writer, Political scientist, Blogger, Economist
William Lyon Mackenzie KingWilliam Lyon Mackenzie King
17 December 1874, Canadian
Former Prime Minister of Canada