Famous 19th Century Science Fiction Writers

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 1 
H. G. Wells
(British Author Who Has Been Called the 'Father of Science Fiction')
H. G. Wells
6
Birthdate: September 21, 1866
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kent, England, United Kingdom
Died: August 13, 1946

H. G. Wells was an English writer. Although he was prolific in many genres, he is best remembered for his work on sci-fi novels, for which he is often referred to as the father of science fiction. His 1901 novel The First Men in the Moon became so influential that a lunar impact crater is named after him.

 2 
Edgar Rice Burroughs
(Creator of Tarzan)
Edgar Rice Burroughs
7
Birthdate: September 1, 1875
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: March 19, 1950
 3 
Hugo Gernsback
(Inventor)
Hugo Gernsback
6
Birthdate: August 16, 1884
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Died: August 19, 1967
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 4 
Winsor McCay
(Cartoonist, Animator, Screenwriter, Science fiction writer)
Winsor McCay
5
Birthdate: September 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Canada
Died: July 26, 1934

Winsor McCay was an American animator and cartoonist. McCay is best remembered for creating the popular fictional character Little Nemo, who originated in a comic strip titled Dream of the Rarebit Fiend. Winsor McCay is credited with pioneering several animation techniques, such as inbetweening and cycling. An early animation pioneer, Winsor McCay’s work has influenced generations of illustrators and cartoonists. 

 5 
Edogawa Ranpo
(Writer, Novelist, Screenwriter, Literary critic, Science fiction writer)
Edogawa Ranpo
6
Birthdate: October 21, 1894
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nabari
Died: July 28, 1965

Edogawa Ranpo was a Japanese author who played an important role in the progression of Japanese mystery fiction. Ranpo is credited with creating the popular fictional private detective Kogoro Akechi who appears in many of his novels. A number of Ranpo's works have been adapted into films and series. The 1999 film Gemini was inspired by one of Ranpo's stories.

 6 
Robert W. Chambers
5
Birthdate: May 26, 1865
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: December 16, 1933
 7 
David Starr Jordan
(Botanist, Peace activist, Zoologist, Autobiographer, Ichthyologist)
David Starr Jordan
3
Birthdate: January 19, 1851
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Gainesville (village), New York
Died: September 19, 1931

Remembered as the first president of the Leland Stanford Junior University, now known as Stanford University, David Starr Jordan was a reputed ichthyologist. An anti-war activist, too, who opposed America’s participation in World War I, he spent his later years as the chief director of the World Peace Foundation.

 8 
Howard Atwood Kelly
(Surgeon, Writer, Gynaecologist, University teacher)
Howard Atwood Kelly
2
Birthdate: February 20, 1858
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Camden
Died: January 12, 1943

American obstetrician/gynaecologist and professor Howard Atwood Kelly was among the four outstanding physicians, known as the Big Four, along with William Welch, William Halsted and William Osler, who became founding professors at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Kelly established gynaecology as a specialty, and developed a systematic approach to gynaecological medicine and surgery as well as new surgical techniques and devices.

 9 
Simon Newcomb
(Astronomer, Mathematician, Economist, Novelist, Writer, Teacher, University teacher, Science fiction writer)
Simon Newcomb
2
Birthdate: March 12, 1835
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Nova Scotia
Died: July 11, 1909

Initially a herbalist’s apprentice, Simon Newcomb later deviated to mathematics and astronomy. Born to a schoolteacher, he had loved math since age 5 but wasn’t formally educated. He later joined Harvard University, taught math at the US Navy, detected locations of celestial bodies, and wrote a science-fiction novel, too.

 10 
Edward Elmer Smith
2
Birthdate: May 2, 1890
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sheboygan, Wisconsin, United States
Died: August 31, 1965
 11 
Edwin Abbott Abbott
(Theologian, Science fiction writer, Teacher, Writer, Novelist)
Edwin Abbott Abbott
1
Birthdate: December 20, 1838
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London
Died: October 12, 1926

Edwin Abbott Abbott was a theologian, schoolmaster, and Anglican priest. He is remembered for writing the 1884 novella Flatland. He served as the principal of the City of London School where he supervised the education of H.H. Asquith, who would go on to serve as the prime minister of the UK. Abbott is also credited with writing educational text books.

 12 
Edward Everett Hale
(Writer, Theologian, Science fiction writer, Author)
Edward Everett Hale
2
Birthdate: April 3, 1822
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 10, 1909
 13 
Emilio Salgari
(Writer of action adventure swashbucklers and a pioneer of science fiction)
Emilio Salgari
1
Birthdate: August 21, 1862
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: April 25, 1911
 14 
Gustav Meyrink
(Austrian Novelist Famous for His Novel 'The Golem')
Gustav Meyrink
1
Birthdate: January 19, 1868
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 4, 1932

Austrian author, novelist, dramatist, translator, and banker, Gustav Meyer, who used the pseudonym Gustav Meyrink, is best-known for his novel The Golem. Gustav established his own bank but was eventually charged with fraud and jailed for two months. He depicted his jailhouse experiences in The Golem. A prolific translator, Gustav’s translation works include translating fifteen-volumes of Charles Dickens into German.

 15 
Eric Temple Bell
(Mathematician, Historian of mathematics, Novelist, Writer, Science fiction writer)
Eric Temple Bell
2
Birthdate: February 7, 1883
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Peterhead
Died: December 21, 1960

Born to a Scottish factor, mathematician Eric Temple Bell spent most of his life in the U.S. The Stanford alumnus contributed to the analytic number theory and also taught math at institutes such as Caltech. He also penned sci-fi novels such as The Time Stream as John Taine.

 16 
Alphonse Allais
(Writer, Poet, Journalist, Screenwriter, Painter, Science fiction writer, Composer, Comedian)
Alphonse Allais
1
Birthdate: October 20, 1854
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Honfleur
Died: October 28, 1905

French writer Alphonse Allais, also a journalist and humorist, wrote many collections of whimsical writings. He is known for writing the earliest example of a completely silent musical composition. The small house where he was born was later turned into a museum named Alphonse Allais Museum. The Académie Alphonse-Allais has been awarding an annual prize in his honor since 1954.

 17 
Richard Dehmel
0
Birthdate: November 18, 1863
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hermsdorf, Münchehofe, Germany
Died: February 8, 1920
 18 
Albert Robida
(French Illustrator, Etcher, Lithographer, Caricaturist, and Novelist)
Albert Robida
0
Birthdate: May 14, 1848
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Compiègne, France
Died: October 11, 1926

Albert Robida was a French illustrator, lithographer, etcher, caricaturist, and novelist. The son of a carpenter, he initially trained to be a notary. However, he eventually chose to pursue a literary career. He wrote several futuristic novels and created over 500 illustrations for  Pierre Giffard's weekly serial La Guerre Infernale. He also published the La Caricature magazine. 

 19 
Jovan Sterija Popović
(One of the best comic playwrights in Serbian literature)
Jovan Sterija Popović
0
Birthdate: January 13, 1806
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vršac, Serbia
Died: March 10, 1856
 20 
Antoni Lange
(Polish Poet, Philosopher, Novelist and Science Fiction Writer)
Antoni Lange
0
Birthdate: April 28, 1863
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: March 17, 1929

Antoni Lange was a Polish poet, writer, novelist, philosopher, reporter, science-writer, translator, and polyglot. A representative of Polish symbolism and Parnassianism, Lange was also an expert on French literature and Romanticism. A prolific translator, Antoni Lange translated the works of several international authors into Polish. Lange’s work is often compared to Charles Marie René Leconte de Lisle and Stéphane Mallarmé. 

 21 
Fitz-James O'Brien
0
Birthdate: October 25, 1826
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cork, Ireland
Died: April 6, 1862
 22 
Fred M. White
2
Birthdate: 1859 AD
Birthplace: West Bromwich, England
Died: 1935 AD
 23 
Eugène Mouton
0
Birthdate: April 12, 1823
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: June 8, 1902

Eugène Mouton was a 19th-century French writer who specialized in writing comic, adventure, and fantastical literature. He is considered an early proponent of what would become known as the science fiction genre. He had a successful career as a magistrate and later became a prosecutor. He helped establish one of the first mobile libraries in France.